OCR Interpretation


The pioneer express. [volume] (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]) 1883-1928, November 02, 1883, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88076741/1883-11-02/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

fe?'
M-i
mm
:lk« iMDt
Jgjijuyeltbs
«M»3 amphraectffitTajjgmsts money
fMic Stocks.good, bad and indifferent
•*®*Jf fluctuate from i£ay to dif: like
aweathereofck, bat a panic cannot coins
no® the roarings of the balls and bean
•f Wall street.
.,- a—•"*the month of September there
Wived in the eostoms districts ofBel
tbnare.Bostoe, Detroit, Huron, Miane-
.1 4aodly,'Philadelphia, and8anFnw»c
«ot 91,MR passengers, of whem-4SjBl9
were immigrants, 13,638 dtlsens of the
*.t United States returned from-abresd,
filled eolumna with prognastications of
dynamite Outrages. There, hss been
too much of this dynamite
alanc.^ It is setting about sa stale as the
•$. nfuste CiXjff "communism" whenever
any olaM of MMrican laborers ask for
bettor pay ^less hours of labor.
A bill to isolate and restrict emigra
..S tion from Germany iS uow being pre
gpfcred nndpr the superintendence of
•Prince Bismarck, and will be presented
the Beichstag at an early day. The
#11 jdfOM to prevent the departure
youiig znen liable to military service
»America and elsewhere, and is the re
sit of a fear on the part of the Prince
the available military strength of
ke Empire may be too seriously less-
Bed by the present rato of emigration,
interference with the liberty of
subjects as this bill contemplates 1b
kely to provoke bitter discussion, and
I^CNate a'desire on the part of young
®Bn to escape from the tyranny of com
anlsory service. Doubts are expressed
to whether such a bill will pass the
llchstag. r.
f^i
&
iro»i
»V*lnfe:**M*A*
H. YOUNG, Publiihflr.
{gjjggggjs^^-i
building in
rmulMit
bnrdm#»tltttttMsfe?!
^^pKflbrto will bemads in thai dlr*c
*ifc 'Mjggp
—A"*™*0 tWlgnre 'cot by
•^shipping In Uw1*mtiejW*ti&e
^poildi .' .'•
W aliens not intending toreftiain
gv in the United States.'
Commissioner Dudley reooraoiMds
that the pension list be enlartsdao as
to indode scout?, which Were pretty
Uberally paid, while the most important
service was frequently perfbrmed by
•olnnteers. In cases of peenllar merit
Md hardship congress may be trusted
to sflbrd relief Once ojwi the doors of
the W%Mury to soonta, as a
rmy^lfavp(itfn itsajW'eamnoe.,*
The New Yjukjtc
haspra^ffy k^t^tw\eo^ of«tt£»
of the Amertean Mldical InsodaUon, of
that clause which prevents recognition
of other schools of medicine, The vote
to aMMLfc stood 121° in flivor and" 99
agunn not 'aJ two-thirds vote, as re
qnirea, bnt a vote was passed not to re
qnire new members to subscribe to the
code which onlv re^Vftl .jmifafc.
This matter hal b^nla j)6Dtf of coAen*
tioa for years and probably will be set*
tied at no distant day, by the National
association, in accordance with the lib
eral sentiment that prevails in New
York. ., •.
The MaitpijirOf Lonsdowne was did
sworn into office «t Qaebec as Governor
General of the dominions of Canada'
without any disturbance to the peace.
On the contrary, the pomp and circum
stance of the affair riinply reflected the
satisfaction of the people, notwithstahd
the fact that some of the newspapers
§Sdmething
^ashiiigtpn. monument when
Bpleted, 'will be 550 feet blgh, the
liest .Btructnre in the world.' The
nctare which now ranks the highest
|the world is tbe tower of the Cologne
3ml. 511 feet high. The pyramid
Cheops ttfwers 480 feet Strasbnrg
tiedral, 474 feet St. Peter's Sicilian
dlica, Bome, 466 feet St. Stephen's
tiedral, Vienna, 445 feet Salisbury
irsl, IjHgla^r' 406 feet Antwerp
ixal, 405 feet St Pani's cathedral,
ion," 404 feet. The Washington
lament will probably be completed
year. To the observer, on the
unjjl, it does pot look as high as it is,
gakingt #oi^raen on the top who
ok about as large as bumble-bees and
a pa
ring it with the tallest govern
^•ent buildings, one gets a fair idea of
immense hei^tt. ,^-i
This country has at last psssed Great
llain in the financial race, and now
ifhe position of tbe richest nation^
lithe" world. The value of our lands
houses and personal property of all
is greater than that of great Brit
and we hold and will keep the palm,
increase of wealth has undoubtedly
sred this condition of the people in
'to comforts uid luxuries but
it is remembered tbat gigantic for
tes have been heaped up by the fa
red few that an oligarchy of million
previously unknown in oar history
been created—when we see their
power extending oyerour whole sys
tem, it may be reasonably questioned
whether we might notes well have re
mained poor. If this oouLtry was build
ed np for the weliare of the people and
not for the fortones of the favored few,
it is a question whether we have not lost
ss much aa Iwe have gained in growing
rich
I A CongregMloiMlist la VUnlTer
atlist'sPolptt-. J'
jfl From the Botton Travler.
"m A good and true story is going the
5" konnds of Boston abotit the aidventnre
of a worthy Congregationallst pastor,
who ministers to a suburban cboich. He
i' bad agTeed to supply a Boxbnry pulpit
for an abtsnt,.bigther. ,He came into
's- Boston, and promptly took a
tar for-the scene of £is evenins's labor.
In due time he descried a .steeple,' and
reachins Uie cji^dh, ni oot, walked in,
took off tiis overcoat in the veetsy, and
went straightway to the pnlnit. He
.. '5 glanced vroowd on'tibp congreganoo,snd
Erooeeded,
after a miqute or two's de-
Ly.togive outa«ooddd CowgrigsHoa
al hymn.. Tbe congregation proceeded
tofnd the plaee. Ibe organ gave the
skating began, while it
tea the sexton walked np
said to oar subnr
behiBreinafew minutes."
upon him, bat,
he s*ed:-ve'
tune and the
wse^h
?siCf.-«£4fe
Mr. 's churchT*'
'.replied the sexton
Church.*.
_so places •Isw
y«w*KS«ol of tiiesabar
:ISR
j'8^r*^"-'V'
?C
cy/••j.,.fA
•Sf'^-'s*
*-.ft
TOOOIfE
lb
aprb-
*W*y millions
i*-s
-Tbsnmj^vas
ttn^rfM^attfeatbMyatl
htlwn) b«
Sifk1*
w^8Rr*|6eiaie
tb«7 bring
will pro^ty to^. Col, a—
ton will not vote fbfr Gndum for aeeratuy,.
T«slwss»K
oowmlsrioosd: Iowa, John
jKoehllek, Froshliok station: James W. Be
rt*y,OMeed*. pnnssote, Anton L. Stabling,'
Wanbora Edward W. Thompson Blk Ltke
WiMonnnvAbnarJ. TibbaUs, DownsHils
Wrifar RWanyn. Mattel Boajk. PostoffloM
dtMontinasd—towa, Tibbitt, Folk eouni
•saw Month, DM Lodgseoeaty.
'sass&JzisU'ASSS
ol baBdin* matorlals, thsir e«rt «n|
SAASSASRISKRR
j^OoI. Oss^nporit t# thssssntary of slat
Aat the wMtjHilnllnt» arttablejaoan
msnt ovvth« nsvsot Thomas Jcffmon
hss bcsn oompleted, the a^Jaoent lots re-
'Cx t'% I
SUlssdlUfw News,
fhs Portlawl jOrsR^aiau attribute the
IwJi^tot ®!'fii^raUroad oonferenca at
Kanwa Ottr totM raftiaal of the Northern
Paelflo to saba^ibs the «p«elal oontract sy*
tem In. vogae 6nglp» Paciflo coast. It furth
nssgrs thatlfopOitandsnt orTraflle Muir
hisrsotfv«d anuhat invitation to meet
ta 8raFMariw*Rh«rehants, and have a
with US on through rates.
Tha Northern P»cifle refossl to sgiee to
ft«» the Ottoman ?a(*di, inoreaaes
Ppf^^n'y wlth some of the larger Paci
flo obast importers.
A Polk oountv, Iowa, jury gives a $5,600
verdict against the Des Moines Northwestern
railway for. the JdUns of Mike Riardan
by construction train last
last month.
General News items.
The Meyers-Vermilye soandal has defin
itely issued from the Umbo of ofasoure ru
mor. Mr. Vermilye hu abandoned the
waiting policy of inaction and retioenoe,
•nd hss begun both toaot andto talk,
whether advbeuly or not the nault will
show He has filed through counsel, at 8t.
Paul, a complaint in an action for d'vorc*
againnt-Mrt. VermUye, alleging her eon'
loint
.... persons
were in New York and Burope together
and, Indeed, up to the present time. The
complaint goes Outlier then the wildest ru
mms current in ,8t. Ami in its wholesale
and specific allegations oforiminality.
Lisbon, Dak. Ullpper: Mr. Oris wold's
first dlsoovery of mineral apon his farm
wssfrom earth thrown up from a'gopher
bole. He. had it aseayed and the indica
tions were that It was rich in gold. He
tben discovered geld in an eighty-foot
ledge of rooks, and had the rock asssyed.
From the time on he kept up his research
es, employing men of great skill and yean
o( experiance in mining, nntll to-day he
andhwftiends have whit they believe to
bo the richest gold find? perhaps on the
nentinsnt.
Lumbermen report that on the Black and
Chippewa riven scarcely more than one
half of the usual crews will be sen
tout tbie
winter, as opera ton have entered into a gen
eral agreement to curtail production. Per
the first time in the history of Wlsoomin
men are being refused work at the outfitr
headquarters in Ban Claire, NedUvUle
other places.
About a year ago a Helena Ohinamanj
wlile in S&n Franclsoo, married a white girl
a native of Boston.. They heve been Uvlng
in Helena sinoe. About two weeks sgo a
little daughter was born to them. It is the
first Chinese-American child (Chinese fath
ej an| American mother) born in Montana.
The Army of the Cumberland at Cincin
nati, elseted the following ofioers: Presi
dent, Gen. Phil IT flUnrliisn. corresponding
Mwetary. Oen. JCCiste treasurer, Oen.
J. F. Fallerton rebording secretary, Jehn
W. Steele with vice prendsats from state
and territory represented in the sodsty.
The extensive works of the BssfCsanifig
company, in Bast 8t Lsuls, warn sold
by order of the oonrt under foreclosure of a
mortgue tor $158,306, the purchaser being
Isaac H. Knox for the bondholders repres
ented by Alexander H. White, trustee.
Taylor, Bobertson & Co. haters an4 for
riefs, have failed, with liabilities of HO,
000. They oflfcr SO oents oa the dollar—26
cents cash and oents in four months.
Three two-year old hogs,raised by Joseph
Annen of Stockholm, Wis., the sggregste
weight of whlc^i was 2,090 pounds, have Just
been marketed at Lake City, Minn.
H. F. GiUIg says 130,000 Amsriesas want
to: Europe last summer. In 1877 18,000
was thought lsrgr.
The United Metes surveyors have found
600 gey»ei* and 5,000 hot spriags in Yellow
stone park.
Nebraska ofEers a standing rewind of |6,
000 for discovary of a paying vela of coal.
i- v.
Doings of Crnninals. .g f'
A gang of young fingers opemtfag in
Western Iowa have donbtless been broken
up by the capture ef one of the principala,
named Henry Stanley, at Lean,- Dseetor
county, white he was flsnrlshlng under the
name of Woods. On the way to
in charge of ah officer he gave away their
modus operandi. There were three of the
lads engaged In the buslBesa, and Omwdrew
np notes snd lorged the nsmes of wefi-to-tto
fiumen to tbem, and then sold them. Stan
ley disposed of the notes and reoeWed 90
percent oftbe proceeds. They forged the
name of two farmers nesr Anita to notes for
for $800, and traded one to Meredith A Dlgk
cy, dealers in agrieultami emplemeats, for
$UI0 in money snd a $200 note. When ar
rested Stanley bed in poMsHlon one oftbe
notes already filled out
8amuel Bscht, a y6aogtrsmp, commited
suicide at Kent, Ohio, by Jumping heed
fiist into a glass retort at-the glsss wor^s ot
Day, Williams Oo. The furnsoe wss
beaMtosliigh dsme of JIuteBsUyta or
dattemelt ssnd.eoda-ssh andottwr snb
staboesused in the oomposlUon of glus.
would shrivel his lungs.
MortBimmsrmsn, the murderer ofSbs
Iff Woods afMlnden, Nofaor., who hss been
tncarosratsd et Lineolii, was removed to
Minden for trl£ on the 21st Inst., under a
etiong guard. Toward midnight twenty
^••nned aid masked man marched to
tkejril wlfnthe inteatloi taking cut and
lyneUng
from the
The guard
counkona
fired
ol the
W. A. Kline the victim of tbe Clyde
(Iowa) shooting sfl!rayl died at o'clock «i
theS4tn. From the fcai ao hope had been
entertained of his reeovety. During the
& s&fjstig,
isszxrjsi
csuseof his own dssth, or the mystery sur
roundiag the Stubbe murder, with whin it
wss aileifed be jras eoenscted.
Wananls haWbeso hmted at ladiadfiwb
Ueforttoearrsstof BL L. Oardiner end Ar-
mmmms WlmmM
v-v^tr':':A'^^^':',:''^'.
ofvlolstlagtMnlQ.
stttisrtl mm
otHaytl km
9100 na
D^ Mm B. Mslhsw of Ssndusky, Ohio,
is poalsssiJ thstheentHsd Dr. Gordon
he heaptufcwd JiMmI
fOPOe' ..
Jsmei Oilsme, 'who-set. Ire io the
Briegewstsr,(MeKi) werthMSI, hsetan
HDteoced to twenty yekis In State prtooo.
OOmote addtesssd the oouit, saying ha sst
JbebMsuehewsstrssted badly while liv
ing la the workhouse.
A chsnoereeaark in ooart at AbhsgrviUc,
B. C., threw light on a cine to the mufderof
Thomas Hughes, a rich old man who was
ahot two years ago. His widow hired two
men to do It. and shs got his peopsi ty.
Mrs. PBrdrldge, a Boston milliner, wss
made ie vnpesk ltbm her plnmp bustle
$8,000 worth el lsees at the New York cus
tom house reosntly.
B. T.Clark of Fort Wayne was arrested
ta^M^eapolU lor gettug money nnd«c
In Us wife room, kills them bottr.
llie Canity Record,
On 4he night, of the 28d at MUm City
Montane, fire was discovered In the rear
the Criterion saloon, on Main street, ad
It dnloklv
Joining the Lelghton ban!
galnea headwev. despite all
it, and spMSd rapidly to
ftwnt The buildings, with
osptions were one-stoiy frame or leg shslls
well ssssonsd, and aa easy pcey to tb'e da
vouring element The total lose was abottt
JMjOOOy Xoet of the buildings belonged to
efforts to quMl
ftwnt Ae bnildhn ^Ithblltfei^
vourlng
16.000.
oseph Lelghton
Two mors of the viotlms of ths explosion
at Kingston, Pa., Mary Qainn and Battle
Mo*, died in te-Tible sgony, Liiile Ed
wards and James Steele, are praying for
death to relieve their terrible sufferings.
John Jamea will probably reoorer.' Llssie
Bdwards hss lust died and James Steels Is
not expected live a day.
Father Hohan of Minneapolis was in
jured recently at the Bast St. Louis railway
aocldent.
At Kingston, Pa., dgbt ohildren were
badly wounded by theexpleelon of a boiler.
From (he Old World.
London Cable: The cabinet, at a meeting
on the 25th. decided to introduce the coun
ty franchise bill at the coming session of
parliament This will put Ireland on a
franchise equally wlth Englend. Aseotion
ej the cabinet proposed to postpone the
franchise question until the session of 1885,
involving a prolongation of the existing
parliament. It is understood that Mr.
Gladstone overruled the propossl, wishing
tooonclnde the franchise question next ses
sion, and then retire from oflce.
Ltdy Maud Cecil, daughter of Lord Sails'
bury, was msiried on the '27th inst., to
Lord Selbornes'heir, (Wolmer) at St. An
drew's church, Holbornes. The wedding
was a nioit brilliant aflair. Among the
guests were Prince and Princess Christian
and crowds of etker notable persens. Ths
dresses of the ladles were msgnificent snd
oostly, and most of thsm fairly biased with
Jewels. The bride wore a ooetume of Duch
ess sitln trimmed with very old-and ex
pensive laoe.
The latest nihil stic proclamation being
extensively circulated demands that the
czar samnion representatives of the Bumian
peopls, and ask for full amnesty, freedom
of the press, freedom of speech snd right to
hold public meetings ss the only means of
ting revolution. Pitiless vengeance is
if the demands of the nihilists
'gsHM.
lJsoob Sshsfar snd Maurioe Dily, the
American billiard lets, who are now in Par
Is, have issued challenges to all the plsy
ers in France for a series of championship
oen tests. Vignaux and others have declares
their aoceptasoe, an1 a aeries of brilliant
isbelni arranged
After a trial which has caused muoh ex
Utement, two Jews have bsen convicted af
Coslin. Pomeraaia, ol setting fire to a syna
gogue to obtain the insurancs. They were
sentenced to four years' imprisonment.
Oihera Were sentenced to shorter, terms.
Tnecrlme wss originally attributed to Jews.
It la reported thst Castelar and bis repub
lican supporters have resolved to maintain
a friendly attitude toward the new Spanish
government if It fulfills Its promises, espec
ially the uneto restore universal suffrage.
Gen. Gourku, governor general of Warssw,
while reoently reviewing 75,000 troope In
Poland, severely oommsntsd upon thsir in
efficiency, and emphasised the urgent ne
uity for Imporiant reforms.
Capt Drsvar, who IfDovsr on tbe 22d
in a mlniatnra paddle-boat to attempt to
cross tbeithsnnsl mst with gales wbsn pert
wsy over, snd hss not yet bsen heard from.
It is feared hs wss drowned.
Two officials at Dusseldorf, employed in
the military offices, have been attested on a
charge of nigh trssson.
Order hss bsen restored at Port an Prince
after ths loss of 1,600 lives snd $4,000,000
worth of property.
Chesterfield, Bng., is threatensd with a
85,000 coal miners strike.
Chinese gunboats ere on their way to
Hong Kong.
Personal Oosslp.
Mis. David Morris, foimsrly Miss Blanch
Omy of Dstrolt, who was msrrisd a few
weeks sgo to ths living skeleton in the
Bowery museum, New York, wss found
dead in her bsd at her boarding house in
Baltimore. Shs wss psssing her honey
moon at the Dime muesum in this dty, bat
for the pest two wesks has bsen muoh in
desposed. Her msnsger on ths 20th called
tosseher on business, and entering her
room found her dead. She was seventeen
vsais old and weighed 517 pounds. Bsstb
is suppossd to have ban osussd bv tsttv
d^raeratioa of tbs hsart.
Tbe annoonoemsot of ths marriage which
is to oocur next wesk, of Fletcher A. Par
ker profnsor of maris in ths Stats unlver
rity. at Madison Wis., to Miss Jsssis Von
Elsner'of Bloomington, III., sister of Lltta,
the decesasd prima donna. Misa Von
Eisner Is reported tn be a yoong lady of
rarsmmiaal accomplish men ta. Prof. Par
ker wss musical instructor oT Lltta for a
leng period prior to her departure for
Bumps, whcrehsreduestlon wss oomplsted.
At John Hopkins university Prof. Von
Hoist referred to the demonstration In Paris
sgainrt King Alfonso ss a gnat blunder.
"What has Francs gainsd by it? She hss
thereby plaoad Alfanso. for along time at
least more firmly on his throne: shs hss
mads Germany bain's nsw, firm ft lend,
snd shs hss bersMf bscoms more isolsted
thanbsfore."
Maj. Nicholas Nolan, of tbe Third oaval
iy, in command at Fort Apaohe, died sjit
Holbrook. He was on his way to meet his
wiCi and family earning from Texas. Hfo
death wtll result in the promotion of Capt.
George A. Partington, Ninth cavalry, to De
mater of tbe nurd and First Uant. Cu
sack, ninth cavalry, to be captain.
Mrs. Belva Era Lockwood
alsMsrto Chisf Jnstioo Col
him touss his lnfiusnos topavw the way
lor the sdmissloo of womsn to the bar W
Boglaad. Lord Coleridgel in nply,. hss
pmhissd to msks known the maty psttsef
fesroommunleation in his own cowry.
Mrs. Lsngtry started from New Xcrk aa
the 98th inst., on bsr woI—IumsI tbv.On
Os 29th lost., she opens In Mefeaal,
fhlsss sbs goes toOhlesgo snd Ban »BMsls
00, Playing laiil important towns svitMiK.
3®.:-"r
i.' y- r• •.•^j| t,y ftf. *S*3
Ihrs^ Into Palmw, who has rentisd
gees to take possMslan.
Bolllrw had
ithom Wsshl
In OooooM last wsek,
snd ftanked again.
of mall
to bit house
tbcr* redirected
Lord Coleridge adJressid ths students st
..Whittake, of allt earn, fame, hss estate
lilted rselml for ooloMd youth at Char.
Isston, Sonth OsroUnsi
Bet. Iltthpw #i«, brother of Dr. Fox,
whodlsd in Oregon, Wis., ths other dsy is
CHSOe
Lieut. Hargous, FlWi Infkntry, Is sen
need to one month's suspension from
rank.
8am Bowles, Jjr.,Js spmpd te Beth Host,
daughter of Judgs B. B. Hoar.
Toledo thinks of giving the late Gen.
8Madman a monument.
Beeoher triveled 18,600 mllee oa his
Pacific oosst trip.
,Vii
bone Bnppreseed Boandai Pnbllahed
Daniel B. Vermilye wss arrestsd in Chi
osgo last wsek, charged with embeskllng
$000 from Weem's stone and marble com
pany. Saiti are abo brougbt sgamst hlm^
by Gen.'Willitm Myers, retired Isstwintlir2
after thlrty vears of honorable servioe in
the army. One is toreoover $20,001
by him te Vermilye ior Investment inrasl
estats on thejlss pf tbe Northern Paclnc
the other, $26,000 damsges for slaudsr, in
volving the nams of Gen. Myers with thst
of Mrs. Vermilye. Vermilye, it seems, is
young man ol thirty, of a rssoectable East
ern family. Hs msrrisd a Miss Holmes,
of a wealthy family, in Orange, N. J.,
and two years sgo went to St
Paul, where Geh. Myers was stationed, snd
enteted tbe employ oftbe Northern Pscifio
railroad. Gen. Myers beoame intimate with
him and his wife, and, on Vermilye's rep
resentation that he could give valuable
pointers about land on the line of the rail
road, invested money with him st James
town, Man dan and othsr places. Gen. My-
her mother in ths east, snd Mrs. Vermilye
snd his wife are intlmste friends.
Gen. Myers—who is a handsome, well'
preserved gentleman of fifty-two or three
baa the reputation, justly or unjustly ac
quired. In more youthful days, of being in
clined to libertinism, snd his intimacy eorn
gsvs rise te gossip, snd even to direct obar
gee of wrong, none of which were substan
tiated, however, and the does relations sub'
els ting between Myers snd Vermilye were
Klationto
ilnted by friends of the former ss a re
of the stories of wrong impUcstlng
ths wife of tbe latter.
The whole business wss an exoltng soan
del two years ago in St. Paul, but was
kept out of the papers. In the meantime
Gen. Myers retired. Mrs. Vermilye is now
in Orange, where she hss brought suit for
divorcs sgslnst her errant husband. The
bill, a^oopy of which waeseen by a repor
ter, obaiges Vermilye with having volunta
rily left his wiie, with "gross and viotous
habits," making the martial relation intol
erable, with drinking and other vioee to
such an extent asto make him unfit for
business, with dishonesty in his business
dealings, and with written acknowledi
ment of having frequented disrepute!
houses.
Thanksgiving Day Fixed.
The president on the 27ih inst., Issued
the following Thanksgiving proclamation:
By the president of ths United states of
America—A proclamation: tn furtherance
of the custom of this people at the close of
each year to engage upon a day set apart
for that purpose in a special festival of
praise to the giver ol all good, I, Chester
A. Arthur, president ol the Uaited Stales,
do hereby designate .Thursday, the 29th
day of November next, as a day of national
thanksgiving. The year which it drawls^
an end has been replete with evidence
divine goodness. Ths prevalence ot health,
tuliness of harvests, stability, peace
and tbe growth of frstarnsl feelings, the
spread of intelligence and learning, the
continued enjoyment of civil snd religious
liberty—all tnese snd countless other bless
ings are cause for reverent rtjoiolng. I do
therefore recommend that on this day
above appointed the people rest from their
accustomed labors, and meeting In
their several places of worship ex
press their devout gratitude to God thst be
hath dealt so bountifully with this natlonj
and pray that his gracs snd favor abide
with us forever.
[Signed] CmwnsB A. Asthub
By the President:
FbXPESICK T. FEKLItrOHUVgEN.
Secretary ol State.
An Important Railroad Decision.
In the United States circuit court, Judge
McCrary rendered a decision upon this ques
tion of ths right of a state to regulate inter
state oommeroe, ths sals areas oat of a suit
sgalnst the Illinois Central Rsilroed com
pany to recover dsmsges for ovsrchsrgss on
freight shipped over the oompany's road
from points In Iowa to points in W scomln,
and originated under the tariff law of
1874, now repealed. Judge McCrary
held the aot in qusatlon, if ap
plied to through shipments, re
lated to the subject in its nature national
and that if the power of a state to pass such
an act were conceded, it would nsoessarily
includs ths power to discriminate against
the oommeroe of othsr states. For these
ressons such a statute would be in violstion
of ths federal constitution, and it Is not
within tbe power of ona state upon sn inter
state line to fix ratssto be paid for carriage
within lis territory for that would in effect
give it power to demsnd more then its
Sown cine the Pension Kwindlera.
Washington, Speolal:—Five more pension
gaits esses were sent to Secretary Teller
to-day by Commissioner Dudley, reeom
msnding their suspension from practice be
fore ths departsasnt. Among others Is the
notorious N. W. Fitxgerald, onsof ths da
on which his snspsancn is reoommended
is that of a lady st Bsd Wing, Minn. It
tbsermy, but her husband had die! in
1875^ leaving lier In comfortabls circum
stances snd that she had not beu depend
ant upon her son snd did not believe she
was entltlsd to a pension owing to his
death. Fitxgerald replied that shs Was
mistaken, and that she should rstarn tbe
snclossd blanks propsrly tillsd, with WO,
and he would get the pension for her. By
advios of a local attorney shs wrote to tbe
oommiasioner of pensions.
KuKlu Convicted in Georgia.
In the Banks county kn klux osse eight
WMis were foand guilty in every chsrge
In ths indictment The oonviction crested
ition. The ringleaders are mn of
oonsldsrsble property and members of a
large fomlly, in Banks county, named Yar
borough. Pour of the family, Jmpsr,
Janss, Ditanus and Neal.'ware tried and alt
Lovick Street man, E. H.
epSm*ry
and Stancy Land arm an
sie thsVfasrs. Jsspsr fsrhongh was ths
«f tbe gsng. Ths chsrge
that they oommittaa outrages
bsosass negroes voted for
Spetr foroongrass. Spssrwss
^pointed United States dis­
trict etthrnsy
."so It fell to bis lot to iinisii
sole the kn ttux. The charasof Judgs
jftOoy »»•..*» Ubsml for the dslimss
ft? 'JVdttrt was consldsrsd certain.
Wbn the verdict wss nndersd, eonviettnc
thssntirs gang, ssysral broke down sod
ermyeflbrt to secure anew trial. The pen
dtylstfom.ooe to slxysars. Tkisis the
fat onvlsliea of ka klux in Gsoq^a.
W.
of Apaches
who has Mtnmedto'
Arissnajfrom Swisshalm. says
l)Mn nmtsd by Hsxtaaa
Troopsbsd
Ntiiat«ca*
»tk -J+1\
,v v, ). -.
V-VW
|:-N^
PEMBIKA PEMBINA COUNTY, DAKOTA^ FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2,1683.
OmL BIGHT*.
petatsof flMdeelsloaof the supresssssartls
dvU tights easss. After qaotiag Hts list sad
second sssiloesof thsaet, JniissBralkj, whs
dshversdthsoplaieat ss^st
ftUsMmss the eoastltattoeal aeMe toSMkt
naha«nrr Of eonres, no oos wfileoStiadUttl
the power to pw It was onnUlaad ia ttMteeulits
tlwMer*taasdopUoa of tbe but thesessmsA
Mats. Powee-ls soasfat first ts tbe (mirteecth
smeodsMBt. The first section, whklli the one re
Medoa, after leelarlns who ehalt be eMseaeot tbe
Ouited Btates ud wTersl Btatee, Is prohibitory in
Itsehstaoter, and wohtbltorr a pea glates. It ti
Bt»t« tetleo a pertlcnlu ebaraelet tkt is oro
hlUtsd. She lauvMaal lavsslsa- el MivMnal
Jlfhte Is Mt.the nblect BMtee at tke saiiKlment.
Ithss a .deeper tad brcader eeeea. It aalllfiee
end mskea void all State lecUlatlon and
Btataaetioaof evew kind which tnpetrs the priv
ileges or tamsaltiss ot. dtlssas ef the- Ouited
Btates, or which laleres tbsm la UfoMhartr or
Bmpeetr, wiUMStdae proeess.el kw,w «ieh da
Qict to IH of tin thft MDll BMtatfDi&l Iha
bBMiSTiZtffl,tat%eSSrilt*1
Battoaal will thus" deelued akj est' 'hs
bratmn falsHo, the lest seotloo ot tbe eaHadmsat
laVestsssBgreeiwIth sower to esfoess tt to ap
OMpMate leslstaMpa. To eotonM pNUHHoa br
PPropriM« hwlslttl on fw eecisttSir seta
.irohiMted br Btsts laws sad Mats aSK- aa* thns
teadtr tbea eSnxosUr^uD. Void.
MStoosgtMS with poinr tole*t«lite npes sabjeeu
whleh ere within ths donsla ef State leslalatlon,
bat to provide modosef tslisf sgsiast State iMiaU
Uon or Stats motion of the Had referred to. Until
•ome Bute law has basa. paased, or some Stats
action, thrassh Its otBoers
or sgsnto, been tskes sd
rerae to the rlsUta of dttseoe aoesht to be pro
tected br ths fnartssath smsndmeat no leslalatlon
at the united Btatee aeder tbe aatd amendment
aerany pnesediu nndersaehleddatloaoaa be
called Into activity br a prohibitory amsnd
jseat ssslost Btats laws sad sets does under
Btste authority. laspeetloe et the law here In
saeation ahowa that It spnUss sqosllr to esaea arts
lag in Btete», whioh havs lost saeh Uws resDectlnt
the personsl rlsfata of dtis^ns, snd whose smhori
ttie are now ready to enforce aaehlawaaatotboae
wbleh arise, la estate thst msx hire violated the
prohibitions attached. Is other words It stsps into
Uw domain of local jurisprudence and Ins down
miss for the eoadnot ot Individuals, Is aoetsty to
ward eseh othsr, sad imposes aanctlont for
the ctroacnoirr or tboss bulm
irtthont referring in say manner to any supDoeed
aetlon of the State or Its anthoritlss. If this lssls
IsUon Is appropriate tor eaforclns the prohibition
amendment. Is It difikslt to see where it Is to stopf
Why may not eongwss with sn eqnal ahow ot
tnthorlly enaot a oode ot lawa for the enforcement
snd vlodlestlon ot ell rlshts ot lits. liberty
snd property? It It Is not sappoeable thst
Btates may deprive persona of life, liberty,
sad nropstty wlthotft doe prooew ot law, and It ths
amendment itself does so suppose, should aot am
ines prooeod st onos to pretoribe dae process of
(aw for ths protection ot every one of these righta
la every poarible ease, ss well as to prescribe eqasi
privlleresln Inna, pnbllo oonveyancea aad theaters?
fudge Brsdlsy refers to the civil rights Mil of
April 4,1866, sod shows It Is clearly corrective In
lie character, lateaded to cosnterset snd tarnish
redress ssslnst State Uws aad proceedloss snd cue
tosia havlns the toroe ot law, which sanction the
wionsf ol sots epedfled. "In this connection." he
sdda.^'iti
are guaranteed by the oonstitaMoa ssslnst Btste
sstreaslon. cannot be Imps!red by the wrongful
sets of indlrldnsls nnsnpported by Stats suthorlty
Is the ehsgs ot laws, customs, or judicial or execu
tive proeeealsfa- The wrongful actof an Individ
ual, unsupported by aor saeh suthorlty. Is simply
a private wrong, or a crime of thst Inalvldnsl—sn
Invaaton ot the rights ot the Injured party, Ith
true, w"
or his
true, whether they affect bis peraon, hia property
reputation but It not aanctloned la
come war br the State, or not done
nnder its authority, his righta rsmsln In toll force
msy.personally bs vindicated by raeorts to the
I ot the Btste for redress An individual cannot
deprive a man of his right to vote, to hold property,
to buy and sell, to sue in the courts, or to bs a wit
nees or juror. He mar, by force or fraud, Inter
fere with the enjoyment ot rights In a particular
case. He msy commit an asssult against a peraon
or commit murder, or uas ruffianly vlolsnce st him.
or slander ths good nams ot a fallow dttsen bnt
unless protected in these wrongful acta by aome
ebtetd of Btate law or State authority, he canuot
deetror or Injure the right He will only render
blmaelf amenable to aatisfSctipu or punishment and
amenable, therefore, to the laws ot the Btste where
Isws
wrongful sets are committed. If tbe principles ot
Interpretation we have laid down are correct, aa we
deem them to be, It le dear that the law la queatlon
wonld bs sustslnsd by Soy srant, legislative power
or oongreaa, or by the fourteenth amendment
hot to adopt direct and primary Is diatin
lalied from corrective legislation oa the subject
hand, ss sought la ths second place from the
thirteenth amendment, whleh amendment abol
ished elavery aad gtvee congrees power to enforce
the amendment by appropriate legislation. Thta
amendment, ss well as ths fourteenth, is undoubt
edly eslf-executing, withoat any auxiliary legiala
tloa, so tar as Its terms an applicable to any extst
lag state ofrdtcasMtauioec, Br Its own unaldeg
foroe and effect it abolished slavery and
aSTABUBBCD UKIVCSSAIi RBDOS.
Brill, legislation may be neceaaary sad proper to
admit all the various cases and circumstances to bo
affected by it and to preecribe proper meaanres ot
ndrsss for Its violstion In letter or spirit, and such
legislation may bo primary aad direct in ita charac
ter. for the smendment Is not a mere prohibition
of State Isws eetabllshlng or upholding "slavery,
bat aa absolute declaration that slavery or luvolna
tary servitude, shsll not sxlst In any part ot ths
United States. Mow, eoaasdlag fortes sake ot
argument that sdmtaalon In a public conveyance to
any place ot pnbllo amusement, on equal terms
with all othsr dtlsena la the right of every man and
all claaaae of men, Is It any more then one
of these righta, which tbe Btates by the Fourteenth
amendment are forbidden to deny to any person?
And Is tbs constitution violstsd nntll a denisl of the
right hss ths asms States' sanction or authority? Can
the act of a mere Individual ownsr ot publlo oon
veyanoe, or ot a plaos of amoaemeat.'tefaalng ac
commodation. be Justly regard sd ss imposing any
badge of slavery or servitsde upon the applicant,
or only sa an action for ordinary dvll icqulrylf
properly cogaissble by ths laws of the States and
preeamsbiy subject to rod roes by thsir laws Ull ths
oontrary appears? After glvtag to tlieee Questions
all the consideration whim thsir Importance de
msnds, wo ere forced to the conclusion thst saeh
an set of refoaal hss nothlag to do with slavsry
or lavolaatanr servitude: that. If it lea violation of
soy right ot ths psrty, bis rssrssa Is to be aonght
undsr ths Isws of the Btats: or. If those Isws are
sdvsrsstohls right sod do not protest him. bis
rsmedy will be found In tbs corrective legislation
whleh eoagrsae has adopted, or may adopt for
coonteractisg ths offset of State Isws or State
action prohibited by tbs foarteSatb smendment
It wonld bo running elsvsry srgament Into tbe
ground to make It apply to every act of discrimina
tion which a peraon may commit as to
whom ha will antertaia as a gssst. oe
ss to what people be will take
his coach, or cab. or car, or admit to his ooneert ot
theater, or desl with In any matters of Inter
course or burineaa. Innkeepers and public car
riers, by the law of all States, so fsr as we are
aware, are bonod to extent of their fsdlitiee to fur
nish proper accommodation to all unobjectionable
persons who, in good fslth, apply tor them. It the
latter themaelvee make any unjust discrimination,
amsnsbls to tbe prohibition of tbe fourteenth
smendment, congress hss full power to sfford. a
remsdy undsr that amendment and in aocordsnoe
with It When a man hse emerged from slavery^
snd by the sid of definite leglslstlon has shakes
off tbe Inseparsbls concomitants of that state, there
must be some stage In tbe progieee of bis elevation
when he takes rank as a dlisen, and when bis rights
ss a dtlaen or max are to be protected la tbe ordi
nary modes, by which ether men's righta are
protected. There were thousands ot free
colored people In this country before tbs
abolition of elsvsry, enjoying ail the eesentlal
righta of Ufa. liberty and property, the aame ae
white dtlsena Yet no one at that time thought It
waa any invasion of their personal status ss free
men because they were 'not admitted to all ths
prlvilegea enjoyed by white dtixens or because
they were subjected to discriminations In tbs en
Joyment of sccommodstions of inns, public con
veyanoee and ptscee of amuwaeot Theee discrim
inations on account of race or color, wars not re
garded as a badge of slavery. If since thst time tbe
enjoyment ot equal righta In all tboss respects hss
become eetabllsned by constitutional enactment, It
le not by force of the thirteenth amendment,
which merely abolished alavery, bnt by the force of
the fourteenth and fifteenth aawndawnts. On the
whole, we are of tbe opinion that no oonntenaneo
ot authority for tbe paa»ge ot the law ran be found
In either the thirteenth or fourteenth amendment
to ths oonstitutlon: and no other ground of author
by for itapaaaage being euggeated. it meat nooee
aarlly be declared void, at least so far aa lta opera
tions la tbe eeveral States Is ooaceraed.
Snspenaton of Wont on the Canada
Pacific.
The surprising report [oomes from Wto
nipsg that the Canada Pacific has suspend
ed work for two years, and that the work
men have left. At this late hour, when the
track has been laid far up the Bow river
peas, te within thirty-five miles or so of the
summit, it hss been discovered that after all
It msy be impossible to cross via
Kicking Hons pass oftbe Rocky Mountain*.
The engineers could not oometo anv
agreement, so tbey were allcalled in, and
the matter waa hud before ths general man
ager and other officials. Wbn it wss seen
there wss but little prospect of an agree
ment among tke engineers on ons route,
and serious oonsequeoces might rssalt by
farther prosecuting srork this sssson, when
it wss not definitely known the peas was
feasible, it was dsemed best to stop all work
for two yaais, «nd ordsts wees accordingly
sent out to that effect Inthe meantime,
the most efficient engineers will be put to
ascertain the best route
The Demand fbr New Postal gtsmpa,
Some complaints havs bsen made at the
psstoffice dspartment owing to the de
lay la tarnishing stamped envelopea of the
new denomination. The demand has ben
Mormons that ths stamp division has
bsn worked early and late, and the agency
Hartford haa been r- dng day and
the 15th of .caber. During
da} i. rtquWtions for
ate., amounting te 114,'
ava Van asot te Ihr^aHy, repre
vslne or over tSOO,000. About
of the old stamps and snvel
have ts be redeemed, aad the
it Is at a loss to know
Alter,*
v."-.
'ۤMB^wn
DAKOTA ITCW8 VOTEST
Augustus 8. Denton of Denton, San
born oountv, one of tbe earliest settlers
inthe James River yalley, died last
week.
The United States now have two
special agents at Huron watching the
land office and getting things Straight
ened out. N.T. Smith, ths plat berk
na one of the proprietors of the Dally
lines, has been removed and en the
I3d Inspector Burke followed Smith.
Hon. George W. Sterling Is just com
pleting the finest residence in Huron.
AThen finished it will have cost him at
least 17, U00.
C. Vandergrilt, who wss arrested by
Maj. Burke for alleged peijary in con
nection with alpre-emption filing, had
his trial before United States commis
sioner A. T. Taylor, at Hnron, snd was
discharged, there being no case against
him. Mr. Vandergrilt will at once be*
gin a civil salt against Mai. Burke for
$10,000 damages.
A company with ($300,000 capital has
been organised to work the coal mines
Fieketts Bros., bain,three miles north
west of Oriska was irarned. It was bailt
last Ml and cost $3,000. Fifty-seven
thousand bushels of Wheat Snd ctals,
seven breaking plows, three seeders a
threshing machine and horsepower were
also consnmed.
At the sale of the capital lets of Bis
msrek, he lots brought a much bigger
price than was anticipated. The mini i
mam price woald give 9126,000 for the
quarter section platted.
A W. Edwards of the Fargo Argus
is been sued for libel by tbe Chicago
firmofShuleldtand Westoner.
The Aberdeen Presbytery includes
that portion of Dakota between the east
ern boundary thereof and the Missouri
river, sooth of the forty-sixth parallel
and north of Brookings, Kingsbury,
Beadle, Hand, Hyde and Sully counties.
It comprises 518 townships, with its
central church at Aberdeen whereas
the Central Dakota Presbytery with its
central chuitfo at Huron, has 287 town*
ships, and the southern Dakota ¥r«aby
tery, with its central church at Mitchell
comprises but 235 townships. The Ab
erdeen Presbytery has now 15 churches
with Sunday schools, and nine pastors.
Southern Dakota has fifty-three Presby
terian churches and forty ministers.
The Sheyenne Valley mining com
pany has been formed at Lisbon with a
capital of $1,000,000 intsbaresof $100 each.
The President is A. J, Harfcood of Far
go vice-president, George B. Winship
of Grand Forks treasurer, W. N. Steele
of Grand Forks, and secretary, A. C.
Hausbiougli of Grand Forks. The head
quarters of the company is at Fargo.
A Yankton correspondent writes that
there is little change in the general
feeling of apathy with which the people
reeling utnpuiuy w.ui wnicu ii.e poop.e
of South Dakota regard the proposed
constitution. In Yankton and the adja
cent counties, however, a lively opposi
tion has sprung up of late, and the advo
cates of the constitution have found it
necessary to go to work in earnest. But
in the interior and to tbe northward in
difference seems to be the rule and
there is every prospect of alight vote.
M. C. Hansboroueh has been appoint
ed postmaster at Devil's Lake.
LATK MARKET REPORT.
WmiBAPoUS.
WHEAT—This market showed* conatderable
activity at the cloee yesterday, snd prices wars
stronger SO round. There was some Inquiry for
Na 1 hard at $1.02 apot, aa advance of 54c, and
S1.02s was offered for November. For Decem
ber No. 1 bard la 8,000 bu lots, Sl.OS waa freely
offered, but aellera did not aeem Inclined to let go.
Tbessmewss offered.for November in similar
lots. Holders aaked lo more for futures. No, 1
Northern was wanted at 91o December, and 90o
was offered for epot There wsa a very fair amount
of bnalnees done In samplea at a wide range. Two I
can of frozen wheat were sold at 81c, snd one ear
tfo. 1 regular by sample at 98c. Three cara of No.
1 Northern brought 91 He. and December sold at
93c, with traaalt. Among tbe sales were 1 car
ssmple at 91c to.li and 1 ear sample st 98c. The
market closed eteady and Arm.
Flodb—Quotations: Patents, $6496.40: atralghta.
S5id&.40 Srat baiters', Si.60gt5.10: second
bakers'. $4.5034.80 beat low graded $2.50(d3
red dog, S1.60O2. Toe Boa ton market la re
ported as follows: Best patents, $7.3037.45:
Stratebts, $6.8000.90 first bakers'. $5.7505.90:,
ed dog, VS.7098.80. in aacke. The market la
airly active snd low grades are In good demand,
bnt prices are not growing better. Several heavy
salss have been made thle week, bnt at low rates.
Cobm—The market waa eteady at former quota
ttona: 47&efor Na 2.
•There wss some Inaulry for oats at 30o
white, sad 29c for Na 2 mixed. Holders
asked about lo more on both grades.
BaaiiBT—Unebanced at 58o for No. 2 extra Na
S, 48»50o No. Sand rejected. 35(245c, by
sample. Than ware offerings at a little above
quotations.
ST. WAVh.
What—This
market showed flrmoeas yesterday
nnder saeh Influences ss export buying, a more
liberal output at the primaries snd reported dsm
sge by froet. There were eome buying orders in
hsad at the prices ot the previous day, but aellera
woold not meet them. It was noted thst millers
wsce purchssing with some ahow of confldenoe,
having orders for trade supplies of flour at prices
which will permit them to grind as tbe wheat
market now stands. Beoeipts were fifteen cars, and
shipments twenty cars. The lake markets were
stagnant most of the day, and prices ruled lower.
Speculatora did not appear to find as much en
couragement In cable advioea aa oa Wednasdsy,
although It Is sdmltted that a considerable export
movement haa began.
Local quotations Show that tbe bidding for Hay
delivery of No. 1 bard was lc higher. Spot, Ooto
bor. November and year were $1 bid 95c for Na 2
herd 93c for No. 1 88c for Na 2.
hora-Trsih In thle product le moving slong at
a steady pace. There are ao features to reoord. It
sharss tbe nncertaintiee of tbs wbest msrket, but
millers think there le a tendency to get above the
depraaalon. The raage of the market le as fol
Iowa: Patents, Orange Bloesom, $6.75: BedCroea,
atralghta. £0: Capitol, family, S3.00 Bakers,
:OXX, 84.00 In barrela, 85c extra: ontslde brands,
25S50e per bU leas, aeoordlog to quality low
gradee, $2®2.50. Bye flour, $3.75 per bbL
Orahaa. S4.50 per bbL
Cobm—He, 2 was 48o asked for spot. October
snd November: 47c year 47o bid and 49o asked
year: rejected, 44a
Oats—The
snd
-«!K
only traaasotlon recorded was a aale
of 1 car oondemned at 27c. Tbe bide forNa 2
mixed wsn 27o epot snd October: 28o aaked for
October, November and year: 81w bid sad 32o
asked for May: 26c bid for Na 8 mixed: 280 bid
forNo.2 white 27c bid forNa 3.
CmcAOtfJiAUrr—Floor, quiet and nschanged.
Wheat, doll, wMk and lower: SlSOlMo October
92etf92Hc November 94«M4Me Decaaaher
95(995ec January: Sl.02Hei.02Ko Meg: No.
2 aprlng, 91091Me: Na 3 apring, 81 Mc Na 3
red winter, 99S99%& Corn, weak and lower
47Mc eaeh: 471e®47\|e October and November
»46c
thjnk8 qu|uk
28$o Deoetabsr: 27%oyeer 31WUV May.
lye, steady at SS'sc. Bsrley, Srmer at Ha
Hex aeed, higher st gl.34s. Pork, qtdet aad
nominally unchanged $10.40910.50 cash
$10.40010.45 October $10.35010.87• No
vember: $10.2501037e Deoembar $10,150
10.17% year *1O.72«01O.75 January
SlO.871e01O.9O February. Lsrd, In fair demand
aad easier S7.47aO7.B0 cash aad October
S7.22H07.25 November: $7.2037.22s Decern
leri V7.1S07.17e tbe rear S7.2507.27M Jan-1 tirmn the nier
nary: $7.32'e»7.35 Febroery. BnlKieatsJn Mr
demand sbonldera, S4.50 short rTbsT$6.50
short dears, S6.6& Butter, onlet and unchanged.
Egga in fair demand at 21922a Wbieky stesdy
aad on changed. Call—Wheat, in fair demsnd
sdvsoesd Mo for October sdvsneed ee for Nov
ember declined to for Janeary: deciloed He for
lay. Cora, ia good dsaaaad dseUasd Me for
November deellaed ae year. Osta. Irregular and
airly active: deellaed for October deellaed
for November advaaoed Mc for year aad" Mai.
70.000 but oora. 907.000 ba: oats, 189.000 bn I Spa
N£^-Sitssb_
nhn8_vlf.BMcom,|ont
Boak._98.ooo
barley. 71,000 bu.
MlLWAUxaB MAmOT-Floor Is la fair demand. I
Wheat, weaker 91c October 92c November: 94o
*eetaber: 9fic January.. Con. aleedy 48s
4So rotated. Oat* acaroe aad waated 1
SMSI^^KSS ttfRai.
ary. .Mme_«sam lard, S7.40 caah or
,S6,. January- Battee, qalel aad
jS&S&SWM'Si
-tm.»AW3Mn
Henry Ward BeecbsT thlnutbsn are
otliaroaasasfor divorcs than the seriptaral
oss oi adultery, tat be addad thst the
saw
tllgr of the taulj.ta ths hops.ol cuipo
Mwm
4
!9j V£* am* V41 5Wi*...
EARTHQUAKE ECHOES.
from the Ai*onitft.
"What's tliatT"
"I don't know. It looks as if the rool
were falling in."
Thossaidmy companion and myself.
We were driving in a buggy down Broad
Way, Oakland, and were looking at a
building then called the "Wilcox Build
ing." It was the morning of October 21,
1868.
At Isnid, wo were looking at this
building. Anew story had just been
added to if, and we were speculating a«
to tbe rafety of making such additions to
buildings whose walls were only desig
nated for structures of lesser height. II
was five minutas'to eight o'clock. We
had pulled up, and were looking curi
ously at the new story when my com
panion made tbe remark:
At this moment I noticed that the
liorse was acting queeriy. He did not
iuok as if he were goitig to run away,
bnt simply as if something extraordinary
were puzzling his equine brain. I fan
cied there might be something wrong
with the harness, and giving ttie lines
to my companion, jumped out to see.
As my feet struck tbe ground I thought
for a moment tnat I must be mad. The
earth rocked beneath mle it rocked
with such violence that I conld hardly
stand. I seized the shaft, partly to
steady myself, and partly to get to the
horse's head, for he was (riving such
signs of agitation that I feared he might
runaway.
As I got to the horse's head, there
was a dull, rumbling roar, and a cloud
of dust lose up snd down the street.
Then there was a crashing, jingling
sound, and 1 saw many window-fronts
upon Broadway falling into the street.
Following them came an avalanche of
bricks and mortar from falling chimneys
and fire-walls. And last of all came a
dense mass of people from the shops
end houses. Your human does not move
as quickly as-inanimate objects during
an earthquake. When he does, he
sometimes regrets it, for if he arrives at
the same time as the falling bricks and
mortar, he wishes he hadn't—unless, of
course, he be a good Christian, whose
salvation is all fixed and his good deeds
chalked up, in which case, of course, a
pious joy should pervade his breast.
All that I have related took but a
few seconds. And in about a minute after
the shock began' Broadway was filled
with runaway teams of every descrip
tion.
There was at that time an open square,
or vacant lot, on Broadway, containing
nothing but trees. I remember notic
ing these trees, and being struck, even
then, at their absurd appearance. (One
,y
durinB an
As
earthquake.!
u,e waves of the earth-spasm rolled
along, the trees ruse and fell, inclining
first to one side, then to the other, bob
bing and bowing in a ludicrous fashion.
Those who were on this side of the
liny that morning may think this de
scription of the shock exaggerated. But
when they consider that the local cen
tre of therearthquake of '68 was evident
ly at San Lcnndro, they will see tlint
tliey are mistaken. Over there
some,
buildings were entirely demolished,
others twisted upon their foundations,
and fissures and cracks opened in the
earth many rods in length. Scarcely a
chimney was left standing in Oakland or
Alameda.
A curious phase Of the earthquake
was the belief on the part of the Oak
landers that San Francisco wasdestroyed,
A thick haze hung over the bay. It
was impossible to
Bee
any of the spireB
niul towers of San Francisco. The tele
graph wires were down the draw
bridge over San Antonio Creek was
thrown out of gear oy the shock tbe
train (there was but one then) was
penned np on the other side of the es
tuary. The only way of reaching the
city was by freight-boat which they ran
on the creek. To this repaired the
anxious Oaklanders and we still more
anxious San Franciscans.
On tbe little pier at the foot of Broad
way was a crowd of several hundred
men. It was divided into
little groups, in the centre of each
of which was an excited .man, telling
where he was and what be did at tho
time of the shock. He was perpetually
being interrupted by other excited men,
who wanted to tell what they did and
where they were. Every man in every
group was engaged in moving his arms
wind-mill-wise, to illaBtrate bow the
earth had quivered. In momenta of ex
citement the Anglo-Saxon race becomes
as gesticulative as tbe Latin.
One man in particular I remember,
lie was one of those small men with im
mense fustian voices—one who could
ontroar any one else, and. by virtue ot'
his superior lung power bad succeeded
in telling his personal experience over
any number of times. As soon as he
had finished it, be began again.
It may be necessary to remark here
that all through the morning of the 21st
there were continuous shocks. Peoplo
had their nerves completely unhinged
by the first shock, and the gentle yet
ominous oscillations of mother earth
kept them permanently so. I will further
remark (apparently without coherence)
that there was an immense heap of coal
piled up on the edge of the pier.
The little man with the big voice waa
still talking. His oration ran thns:
"You see. we had jist got up from
breakfast when that there first shock
come. Mv wife she started to ran.
Eays to ner, 'Now, Jemima,' says I
'whatever is the use of rannin." Ban
she wouldn't listen to nuthin', so I jist
grabbed her and held her till it was
over. And what do yon think?—when
that shock come to an end, Jemima she
fainted and I waa iist as cool aa I am
now."
"Drip—drip—drip—drip!"
The coal was falling into the water
over the edge of the pier. Every one
turned—the slightest noise was
ominous.
"Drip—drin—drip—drip! flashl Dash!
Kpalshr
The pier was rocking to snd (to—first
gently, then with vigor, then with
thump which meant mischief,
waa a sudden absquatulation to
dry land. The crowd resolved Itself
into an immense snd swiftly moving
fan, the apex pointing toward the shore.
Tbe apex waa our friend, the little man
with the big voice.
At thi8 point manv of the Oaklanders
lost theijfr interest in San Francisco.
They could not be again induced to go
anon the pier. They contented them
selves with vacaely remarking that they
"would wait and see," and with whoop
ing up others who seemed disinclined
to go.
1
""tl1
and Mar.
$10,874
S10.45 October: $10,874
bi£
ork. la fair
November: $10.20 yea,
active. Arm. aad 12ae higher for October ad
vanced Mo for November, year.
February. Beceipte—Floor. 19.00C
'0.000 bo:
$10.55 Jaausn. I
October
Jsausry
—,000 bbls wbest,
At last the boat made ner appearance,
I think it was the old ferry-boat Louise
long since disappeared from these wa
ters—nnder that name, at least. It was
not a very large crowd that boarded her,
There was a good deal of talk abont tidal
SiIr I upon his voyage into unknown seas.
bbto.whsat,. 88,000 ta:. Most of us, as Inave said, were San
Franciscans. On the boat, I remember
COPDe I
872.000bo: oats, 188,000 ba rys. 61,000 bn
1
was Michael Beese. Michael was
drenched with woe. He feared that
where San Franclsso had reared her
fair tower-crowned hill-tops to tbe sky.
there was nothing bat ashes, dust, snd
desolation—hence pecuniary damage to
Michael Reese. He was a large, adipose
greasy mass of suffering, He eyen
wept. Tears ran down his fat cheeks,
and mingled with the imperfectly re
moved remnants of his breakfast,
A group stood around him, attempt
to comfort Mm. I do not fancv they
felt anything but contempt for nim, yet
they respected his millions. And thii
blabbering millionaire was being cod'
dWdlUte a blubberingschoolboy.
"Adi GoUl"
lit*. .nest a"*
"fwhi
»»MawBiiatii«ws#-- •.
'(S
.fe tifi&A "Jii
NUMBER14. siurn
kvase, I like to know? Dot is not like
a fire. Dose insurance gompanieS dey
will not pay me noddings. tieberflbtt!
Berhaps dose insurance gompanies vos
gone np, too."
And afresh bant of tesrs esme to the
relief of the over-burdened million
aire.
John W. Dwinelle approatched, and
satirically comforted tbe weeping Dives.
eepingL
Do not be ao cast down, Mr. Reese,1»
SVThw'kTrwprSe^tod1
shall
and 1
Uut kooii we came where the fog-veil
was not so thick, and the top of the
shot-tower wus seen piercing the hasie.
I remember that some enthusiastic spir
its gave three cheers for the safety of
the city. And as we gradually ap
proached the pier, it was seen that the
city wis apparently all there. We did
not learn until later that the shock bad
been lighter on the Han Francisco side
than on the other.
1
"What's that?"
It did-indeed look as if the roof were
failing in. The walls budged out, the
roof seemed to sink, the building moved
slightly, and then recovered its perpen
dicular We were both So stnased that
vyr. couUV only stare in open-moathed
wonder.
Wo hastened up the. streets, looking
houses, ruined walls, ana
tor datui
corpses: We did not see as^many as we
had expected. Coming ttp Clay street
however, near Satisorae, there was a
frightened boy who, surrounded by a
crowd of people, was pointing at amass
of blood and brains on the sidewalk.
His jaws were working convulsively, but
no sound came from them, A bystander
told me thnt the boy bad witnessed tbe
death of tbe man who formerly need
the brains, and that the sight so horri
fied him that he had remained in that
condition ever since tne shock—a mat
ter of a couple of hours. Theman.it
seems, had ran out of the building
when the first shock cstne, and had got
!o the sidewalk just in time to cetcli the
falling fire-wall upon the top of his head.
I do not propose to weary my read
ers with an account of the earthquake.
It is ancient history. But these things
came into my head the other morning,
when I was awakened at one o'dock by
tbe familiar vibrating, twisting, grinding,
motion—the creaking of the groaning
bricks, the ominous rumble of the shud
dering metal roof. I said to myself:
"The most severe shock since '69."
And, so saving, these recollections came
to me, Htxi I jotted them dovfit.
But I
will
indulge myself in telling one
or two anccdoteB which I recall. There
was a Keiulotnan here Ms tbe east at
the time, whe bad beenrSlgfain* for an
earthquake. I have BMt~ifcftny like
him, by the way, but I never At^.^ny
of theui who wanted to feel two. loo1
lot refer to temblors, bat to good stiff
shocks. No one who has ever felt one
wants to led another.
This pilgrim, then had been yearning
for an earthquake. Fortunately for
liirn, it came before he went away. He
went tmivy as noon as he could get away,
I may add. lie was living in Brenhatn
Place, mid was awakened by the shock.
He know what it was. No rann needs
an intro luction to an earthquukc. He
fleil through the door. He nearly took
it with hint. Ho was clad only inn
short night-shirt, but despite that fact
he went into the centre of the Plaza,
and there he remained. He could not
he induced to re-enter the house. Fi
nally, lie hired a small boy to go and
get bis clothes, and dressed himself be
fore the poonlace.
Later in the day he ventured out of
the Plaza, and, accompanied by.Tommy
Newcotnbe, went to Barry & Patten's to
get a drink. The barkeeper mixed the
drinks and placed them upen the coun
ter. Newcombe pushed his back, re
questing the barkeeper to take tbe ice
out. The other did the same, it was
half past ten o'dock. There was a
slight jingle of glasses, then a crash,
and the bar leaned forward
and courtenied to the two friends in the
most familiar fashion. The barkeeper
was almost buried in a vitreous ava
lanche. The eastern man knew, with
out heing told, that this was another
enrlhquake. He made for the street,
lie
L'ot.
there before anybody else id the
li'inse. This despite tne fact that ho
lacked experience. These Eastern men
are very quick to learn about some
things—particularly earthcpiakes. He
reached the street withsuch impetuosity
that lie was on the other side before he
knew it. There was a buildiiiK there tin
longing to 8am Brannan, tne top of
which was crowned with two long stones,
meeting like a V. One of these fell with
tho second shock, just
a
as our Eastern
friend reached the sidewalk. Tbe stone
came shooting down like a conical pro
ject'le, struck the flagged sidewalk,made
a clean hole and disappeared in the
depths below. The hole was about six
inches away from tbe Eastern man. He
nearly fell into it.
He took the next steamer for home.
When this shock took place, I hap
pened to be in tbe Odd Fellows' Bank,
where the Safe Deposit building now is.
A group of us were talking over the first
shock. I remarked thnt I bad not been
in a buil ling when the first shock came,
but that, had I been, I would havn re
mained. I further said that I considered
running from a huiUllngas highly danger
ous, iiiBtnncing the unfortunate man
who was killed on Clay Street as a case
in point. Ail agreed with me. One in
particular—a friend named Maillot—re
marked:
mm&
JOB MP
TfiEHOHEEBE
Vou are perfectly right. The man.
who would run out of a building during I the corn to all dry enough now to
an earthquake ehock is a d—d fool." I through a snow without injury. The
1 earthquake 1
Tbe words were scarcely out of
mouth when the half past ten o'clock
shock came. I do not remember very
distinctly how 1 sot there, but in about
three seconds I found myself in tbe
middle of the street. I have no re
col
lection of coming down stairs. Strange
to say all the other fellows were there
too. Maillot looked at me, and re
marked, with grim humor:
"I thought you never ran from an
earthquake."
"I never do."
'But you ran then."
"No. I didn't run. I flew."
So I did. And I very much fear I
mav again.
A Woman Author Who Was Al
most General Burnslde's Wife.
Mn. Clark, the antbor of "A Modern
Hagar," married a prominent Southern
lawyer before tbe war. He has since
died, and she baa come into a small pat
rimony recently by the death of an ec
centric relative in New Orleans. She wks
once engaged to be married to Gen.
Burnside and actually appeared before
the altar with him. The thought atrnck
her, as she says, before she uttered the
irrevocable words that she was making a
mistake So ins few words she madei i.„ i,-i_ i_:
known her conclusions to the expectant I gtore^nuts.
groom and tbe waiting minister, and re'
tired from the scene as gracefully aspos'
Bible.
They only met once otter that. It was
during the war. Mrs. Clark was commis
sioned to carry important dispatches to
Jefferson Davis. To do this she had-to
pass the Union lines. She baked a pan
ful ef raised buscnits, snd bid the dis
patches in them.
While traveling south ahe was arrest
ed on suspicion. Learning that Oen.
Burnside had command of the nearest
division of the Northern forces she de
manded to be breught before him. He
recognised her. She said she was going
to Mobile, and asked for a pass and a
discbarge. He only hesitated a moment
and then wrote one ont in silence snd
handed it to ber. "Does thst contain
your lunch?" he ssked pointing to a
small basket ich she curled in her,
hsnd. "Yes." "Let me see it1* Siu^j
opened tbe basket, displaying .the bis
cuits. "Will yon try one,General? they
are pretty hard," The GsqeMjt refused
to taste the proffered dainty, and or
dered a good dinner to b* aerved for
hey snd then put h*r oh th# fciif Mm-
Tbe dispatches were s» tasporUnt
that shs reoeivsd tbe ihanka the Con
fedracy for Urssrrfef. sndwaslioniwd
wjhftrft En* .inij
.•wrth'ri A1."?
'¥ftK'4V-
«V--i-ir-.
'.-A citlsen of Memphis, w^oiifii': m
loently, had two policiss ofiosaraMSFiMt
his life which his Aunily oonld 'lotf'iUi
I One night friend of tm dijCBaSiJ
I a dream in whlchf 'be itawtiie
I des. On waking be wsnt lor. the
cumenta and found them.
London Trath heirs that the qnesn||h| '3
I lias lmued a private memorandum en-^7''
i&'|ioinln*th«
ugne, as tney.ate represenwa. we 1'^^
be in eight of the dt
the l!
biuk we shall see it standing. Ah,
excuse me, Mr. Reese—you had eggs for
breakfast, I fancy.
And he indicated to ths Weeper a
arse, mass of emr-velk. ut»n .bis star
oanl jTtw, partially mixea with tears.
Michiiel scrap jd it off and resumed hia
weeping.
occupantsofascertainroval
tom
correction and reformation
—ht events4wm1nei«b«: '-y/^
of'msnnsrs.
tohor knowledge thefSct
her palaces, gambling to regularly gob_.
on to an almost incredlblsrsztent
ormoiu sams are won and loet. The ar
dent players are #0Btto -conHnne their
amusement well into the mornings of-.
Sundays and other days directed to JWjV
kept holy.
A big.bridge is projecting at Nsw OK'1
leans The Misilssippi river there to 2,
400 feet wide. An engineer proposea*
seven spans of 1100' feet eaeh, one" to be
drawn. The piers are to be creosoted
piles, driven in clusters, and heavily
capped and cased with iron. The'depth
of water will be no obstacle, as the pilee
can be spliced. Tbe estimated coet ie.
•13,000,000.
Men who were weighing a bale ol
'ddtton in Dallas, Tex., a' fow^daya .«go^
noticed that it was warmer than the at
mosphere. An examination prove-.!
that the center of the bale was on ure
and when it was opened the smoldering
cotton burnt into flames. There are two
theories as to the origin of the fire, spon
taneous combns ion and a spark from
the gin, fioding about equal support in
local opinion.
In a borse a good and strong bnt quiet
pulse lieats forty times a minute, in an
ox fifty to fifty-five, in sheep and pigs
not less than seventy or more than
aiifhtv for ordinary health. It may be
felt whenever a large artery crosses a
bone. A rapid hard and full pnlse li.'
Stock denotes high fever rapid, small
and ak pulse also fever, caused bjr
weak and poor state of the subject.
A very slow pulse indicates brain dis
ease, while an irregular one indicates
trouble with the heart.
The growth of Texas is marvelous.
The increase in her taxable property
last year was $130,003,000. New. conn
ties to the number, of sixty-eight were
organized, giving 203 in a'l. Besides
this, there is a territory twice aa large
as the State of Georgia not yet divided
into counties.
The number of years that a student
has to spend in a medical institution I
fo^eVtiisinine a decree is: In 8wfiiXL
Norway, 8 Denmark,' 7
Innd, Italy and Switzerland, 63 Russia^ ,,
Portugal. Austria and Huneary, 5
France, England and Canada, 4 united
States, 3 or 2 Spain, 2.
The San Frandsco Chronicle publishes
interviews with prominent wiite mer
chants of the city, showing this year's.
wine crop be forty percent, loss than
was supposed, the total yield not ex
ceeding 10,000,000 rations. The imme
diate cause is a disease oftbe vinee
known in France as "canleme," which
manifests itself Iter the first time this
rear. Mission grapes are held at $22 to"
per ton, and Zinfandel and Muscat
at 933 to $40, those being the highest
prices yet obtained.
The London News tells a good story ol
two well-known Americans who were
accustomed to visit Europe in May, and.'
had competed with each other for theifi
best berths in tho Gertnanic or Britan^F-J
nic. A having been done by two y*im£
in succession, thought he would be air
right in 1884. Accordingly in March la
he wr. te, engaging the captaii^'s rocf
and three of the best state rooms
first voyage of the Germanic-^
with the certainty of tn'
cautiously mentioned^ Ifci
to a friend. PleuS&^eltn
real smartness heirriend spr
which got to the ears ofB,
diately cabled to Liverpool to Seqtifi
himself "tbo captaiu's room SB4,t
best state rooms on the Germanics]
voyage out from New York in*_"
1884." When in luu course A's
urrived by mail, an answer wasi
return mail expressing profound re
that the berths named bad been.)
allotted.
Siiriis of an Open Winter as
vealed by an Aged Iiitliaulan.'
From the Terra Haute Express.
"What kind of a winter are we' goings
to have uncle?" asked an express
porter of an old squirrel hunter
mink trapper who makes his home in^
the hills across the liver.
"I kinder calculate thst we will havej
a rather mild winter all the Indications'!
point to tuch."
"What signs do you go by .nnclef'
"I have a good many signs, snd I
1
never knew one of them to fail yet.
When I sav we are gointt to have a mild
winter, vou can depend oh it Haven't
I lived fn this country for forty ysara,
and haven't I watched the winters rkht
I along, and eushten't I bo able to tollr'
"Are the corn husks thin this year?"
"You better Vekon they are." There
I are only two or three layers of them,
and they are as thin as calico. Why,
one or two frosts we have had have,
sucked all the sap out of it."
"Are there any other indications be
sides the cern husks?"
"You better believe there an. How,
when the snn crossed the line the wind
blew from the southeast That indicates
a mild winter every time. If it had
blown from the north yon could have
been prepared to hear tbe wind Mow
great guns."
•Is that all?"
'Not by a long ways. I conld tell yon
enough to fill a book- My dog holed
a ground hog the other dsy. I had
nothing to do. so I set to jroifc snd dog ••-a
the animal out. He didn't have m-tos?,
or a twig in his hole: hadn't nothing liKj
the shape of a nest."
"Isn't it too early for ground
make their nests?"
'Now I see how little yon know 1
aground hog. A ground hg
hole dug, or haaiiiSSeTotl
the first of September. If it's
be a cold winter he has it* I
leaves by this time."
"Is there any thing else?"
"Yes. The coons navn't
to gnaw the com. That is a
sign. And another sign, andai.
never fails, the woodpeckers
commenced to dram. Now if tMs i0M
trees would be covered with
"Isn't it too early lor that.
"Not a bit. They should
holes all pecked by this tin
ready to fill them. There is 1
er bird than fhs woodpecker^
wbst he's about when he tar.
sway st an old limb from morning.1
night"
Mnss Ttiasasrnlf
mus^ am
coantslssof
thsir
iH'y

xml | txt