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tract .Psoblna, D. T.
Iteperforai ii, natural oriir&fldal.' Maj MONDAY nth, andth»week following #-6»» Balr always on Mild ana fot sale. TitOIRXmrO A SPECIALTY Dakota. LOAN, 1 ttrmsecartty, in Pembina County. lections Made, Proofs ^•.,^,.-^4. **IE, ASK aga aniptioaa. AND Culture TAKEN. €ONTESTS idallMnaof builow attended to before the •-.*" V. 8. Uud QfBce.' Conveyancing of eveiy e- kind a specialty. All work done »t the lowest living rates. JOHN HcMIIiIiAN, NOTARV PUBLIC, HAMILTON, D. T. 0PER BffiY, YOU CAN jrET Fresh Bread l# AISO .vrr .i -,v pits nd MwUmh) quantities and at reasonable Tftt£S. '. H. CADWALLADER Proprietor. Dakota. —AND— CY GOODS HALL LCsll attention to her laiye stock MflUnrty and Fangy Oood» at li.r itore ifcMa fltmt,afew d»or« eut fAlati* and varied nnort jroots, assortment of BBS, SEWING SILK, FL^XB, ETC., Sjwaya ou I W O & IN S DO S E PwwMijk D.'T. from Pembina. ARM,— 100 acres wood land, ,2 good log houses, nary, good well, need with wire. pas Dirt!! ^Owxicr Is led to Sell!! wmiM ce for the investment puts ever been offered (the valley. EASY. McINTYRE, attorney*, Pembina, wm D.T. Sale! -OF- Lery Goods, AT ss McDonald's, EMBINA, *r\ D. T. Consisting of it! e?r# ibbons, Hats dee. decided to my entire offer Cost R.H.Y0UNG, Editor and Proprietor. PuMU1ie4 avcry Friday mnrnlo*. it Pembina D. Tt 8utncrlptloti.S?.t» per annum. In adraaec. Befldea a large oatelde circulation, Gxpfcw the bat over RtoMSr 1,000ul«crib«n lntwiMmOn FRIDAY, FEBRT7AKY, 22,1884. ASni5«ti55mia coaueom. CATSOK. The .following communication from Rev J. Semmons of Emerson,-'will be read withinteieatby the readers of the PIDNKER EXPRESS, Mr. Semmons passed six years, as a missionary, in the vicinity of Hudson Day. Having, therefore, had good opportunities for learning of the country and being a keen observer, his views will be treated with respect "It seems but yesterday, when, borne on the wings of current rumor, there readied us in our far off eastern homes, tidings of an undeveloped west, as fertile as 'twas fair. With shyness and distrust, were received the reports of those who had spied out the new land. Allowance was made for enthusiasm, for exaggeration, for the false state nicnts of selfish men and after that we complacently concluded that the there was nothing special in the case. Despite our gratifying decisions, the rumors gained both curreucy and evl dence. The western fever ran high. The vanguard of advancing civilization moved steadily on. Our friends and neighbors went out and reported favor ably, hopefully, glowingly! We be' came unsettled, and after a heroic re sistance Anally succumbed to the spirit of unrest, and to the ambition and the adventure of the times. Not without sacrifice wq joined the crowd of those whose faces were turned. "Ta the west! to the weat! to the land of tha free. Where the niaddy Bed river rolls on t- the Ma." Do we regret the change! I trow not. True, we have not now the home com' forts of the land of our fathers. We do not move in the familiar society of earlier days. But our prospects were never brighter. We have faith in the future of the land of our adoption. We are content to Labor and to Wait." We are sustained in endur ance, comforted in loneliness, and stimulated to activity by the "Pleas' urea of Hope." Again our ears are greeted with rumors, passing strange. Vague and uncertain were they at first, but more definite and more interesting they grow as days multiply and testimony increases. Railroad companies have been hastily belting the continent with bonds of steel that the demand of the East might be united to the supply of the West. Suddenly the discovery is made that the Northwest has a seaboard of its own, tt the eastern limits of the Hudson Bay, Of course we have our misgivings. The country between this and that^s in all probability broken and moun tainous. The harbor at the bay is northerly and may not be accessible for a very large portion of the year. The Hudson Straits, leading out into the Atlantic Ocean may be intricate and dangerous. It may be impossible to find capitalists who will risk their money in such a Utopian like scheme, Were the road constructed, could it be made to pay! Would steamship com panics be likely to furnish the vessels when they cuuM uvt ije employed the whole year? Could the wheat supply of any one year be taken out between the opening and closing of navigation1 It seems too problematical ever to be* come more than a pleasing fancy. It is too great a scheme for our age. Its promises are too good to be true. Yet we may reasonably enquire, what are the facts of the scheme! Seven hundred miles from Winni peg is Churchill by the sea. The country lying between is not unfavor able to raijway construction. It is for the most part timbered, but this will be of advantage rather than other wise. It wiil supply fuel, fill our yards with lumber, and be an inexpensive snow-break in the winter months. There is a good deal of rock, but nothing worse than has been overcome in constructing theC. P. R. from Fort Arthur to Winnipeg and nothing like the Lake Superior section of the same road apppears throughout. Surely if the Rofckies can be scaled a half dozen times in the effort to secure the Pacific trade, the little hills of the valley of the Xelson need not frighten UB. There are riyers, some large ones to be crossed, but the banks are mostly higb and abrupt, and with the excep tion of the Saskatchewan and Brush wood rivers, no difficulty whatever would be found. On the whole the bridges will not increase the cost of construction to any considerable ex tent, As to the harbor at Fort Churchill, it may safely be said that few better ones exist. It is available for vessels drawing thirty feet of water, and is entered by means ef a passage, half a mile wide and twelve fathoms deep. Old sailors say that the roadstead is good holding ground, and it is claimed that no harbor on the bay is more free froni ice at all seasontUjban this. Im mense elevators canllae constructed along the shore, and vessels catv be loaded in a few hours. The question of the duration of navigation is still under discussion. This much, however, is established by an experience reaching back to 1517: that from early May to late September, even sailing vessels may move with safety. For fifty-two years the Hayes river at Yorif Factory has had an average of six months of open water. The Kelson, a larger stream, is open for fully seven mouths. Standing upon the bold promontories one may at any time in the winter see the open water far out to sea. In fact it is yet to be proved that properly constructed steamers could not navigate the bay for as long a period as is possible in the River St. Lawrence at Quebec. It is a significant fact that dm-i»g all the years that the Hudson Straits have admitted ships to our Inland Sea, thare has been little or no loss of life in its waters. Two or three shijp6 hive been wrecked in the vicinity of Mansfield Island. Tidal currents and floating ice have conspired to force ttiem ashore. Let it be remem btrpl, however, that there are no lighthouses," no buoys or lightships, and only the most imperfect of chords to assist the mariner in keening his craft cut 1f danger. T.ie saving of 4Uteoce by the route foiwideraticm can be readily byrefereoee to tl»e follow im or to *ei (Wol, Si miles Motiti^l to Liver pooVfctM mtle» Churcli4u to Liver pool* 2^92ft'miles, it will be observed tliHfc by sea,' Churchill is sljctyfour miles nearer Liverpool, than Montreal and 114 miles nearer than New York. Sea freight is not, however, an im portant matter so the strongest argu ment must be built on the saving of distance by land. Look at another table: Land Routes.—Winnipeg to Mon treal, via Chicago, 1,703 miles Win nipeg to Montreal, via C. P. R., 1,434 miles Winnipeg to Churchill, 700 miles. A car of wheat shipped from Winnipeg to Montreal to quote from the latest approved tariff would cost 8348.60. Taking the same rate and calculating on the distance toChurchill the cost of a car of wheat would be $138 to the sea, a saving to the Province of Manitoba of $210.60 on every carload of wheat passing out of the country. This argument alone ought to be sufficient to ensure to this scheme the support of a land whose staple product is grain, and whose prosperity so largely depends on the prices realized for what is sold. Further, it is no longer a secret thai some of the rivers emptying theii waters into the Hudson's Bay, afford Access to rich timber areas. Near the head waters of the Goose and A1 bany rivers white pine is fonnd in large quantities. Red, pitch and jack pine is found farther down the streams. Good, sound logs of white spruce more than two feet iiutiametre showing 100 to 140 lines of growth, may be seen in many places along the Hayes and Xelson rivers. Jack pine, two feet in diameter, at the butt, with straight trunks 70 feet in height, near ly free from branches for the first twenty or thirty feet from the ground, can be found on the Albany and other rivers flowing into the bay. The mineral deposits of this com paritivly unexplored region are of much greater importance than is generally supposed. Manganiferous iron ore, copper, silver and gold have already rewarded discovery. Lignite, gypsum and petroleum bearing lime stone, are also reported. Anthracite coal, plumbago mica, and various orna mental stones are also native to that region. The fisheries of the bay are of ex ceeding value. During the eleven years ending with 1874, United States whalers brought buck from there, oil and whalebone amounting in value to $1,371,023.36. This, according to print ed report, which is ever below rather than above the true return. Salmon and cod are also found in many places and in quantities according with the maguitude of the body of water where they live. These last facts to show that a road once built would find freight enough both to and from the sea. and that the wants of prairie land are not likely to long remain unsupplied. By all means let us have a read to the bay. Let us have it quickly. We mistake the temper and pluck of western people if they do not speedily and with ^.enthusiasm embrace this opportunity of revolutionizing their condition and prospects. Capitalists are already proffering the #22,000,000 which is the estimated cost of the work, and Steamship companies have volunteered to take care of the grain as soon as it is warehoused atthe sea board. Surely abetter day is coming for this great wheat growing country. "AM the dawning, tongue and pen, Aid It, hopes of honest men. Aid It, paper, aid It, type. Aid it, lor the hour la ripe Andour sarneit must not slacken Into play, lien of thought and men of action clear the way. altbeft^on J. SEMMONS. Emerson, Feb. 19,1884. The Minneapolis Journal is a little off in saying that President Hill sat down on the proposition to build eleva tors smaller than of 30,000 bushels capacity. President Hill's proposition that every elevator be required to keep a wheat cleaning apparatus is a good one. In case of dispute as to what should be docked for dirt a test can be made. The winter carnival at Montreal was a grand success, with its icepalace illuminated by electric light, its snow shoers' arch, fancy dress carnival, pro technic displays reflected by the shin ing palace, and its many and varied sports. Great throngs were in attend ance during the week. Editor PioxEKft-ExpiiEafl: Possibly some of your readers who have got most all the news there is at the corner store—and have guessed at a good deal that there isn't—may be willing to abandon that prime place of popular resort long enough to read a "Down .South" letter. We left Drayton, D. T., on about two hours notice and in due time were in St. Paul, tlience, after a few days rest for my brother who is in ill health, our train took through Minnesota, Iowa,Wiscoii8itt, •southern Illinois and Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama and on into Georgia •toppiqg by the way forafew days at St Louis and Nashville, We are now in comfortable quarters in Thomasville, Thomas County, Southern Georgia. We have flist-class table fare with agreeable company, two from Min neapolis, four from Ohio and four from Sew York, besides the two from Dakota. This is a pleasant town with streets shaded with beantiful rows of trees. It ieserres the prominence it is gaining as a health resort, for it# climate at this season ut deiightlul, avoiding tha excessive heat of Florida. The air everywhere is scent ed with pine, as if turpentine stills were in operation on eveiy side, which is said to add greatly to its claim as a consump tive sanitarium. town does not show the business enterprise that we would expect in Dako ta from a place with a population of4,000. This may be accounted for by the fact that one-half its residents are negroes. But it the darkey makes a poor citisen he seems to be a happy oneinthisaunny country, having but few wants and fewer carea. Quito naturally we have tried to inft-m ourselves on the condition and politi jal standing of the negroes here in Georg'a. About the first thing to learn is whst a moment's thought should have made clear that the majority of the men and women who were liberated by Abraham Lincoln's proclamation, have since died in the comae of nature. The crowtk ot n^groee to be seen on the streets—especi ally on a Saturday afternoon—were chil dren at the date of emancipation, or have been born since the war. Xn this county the population is made op of 12,000 blacks and 8,000 whiles, and yet tim poll, books after an election sbow atareeeBt IHPil things by ring ee that of the blacks don't go to the polls at attj and those who doge vote about as tbejr ai» told, especially If enootuaged by side ofbsboaora sack of floor. TIMMMJ and flour have superceded the masque and shotgun if so, It to well. One thine Is pretty certain, the negro question is not fully settled yet With their chnruhes and schools will come mote education and a higher civilisation. As the negro gets fitted for his place as a citisen he will claim his rights as sach. and will yet be heard from. Said an old resident pjivsician to me this morning, "I am glad the government rid us of the responsibility of slavery, but I wish they had done one thing more—shipped all out of the country." This is the planting month and the small farmers and gardeners an bosy at work. Nothing however, is done it cotton planting tiU next month. St Thomas, Hamilton and other points in our county boast of their wheat ship-1 nt the R.R —»-»»•-,_ r. last inef inents, but the R. R. Agent at this depot shipped last year 300 car loads of water Jons. Think of that! and there is no mrious fight eitber about the grading. But then they have no elevatom. This country is waking up from along sleep. It is in many parts, to-day, in a more prosperous condition than befon the war, but it has suffered much in the interval. Near this town an beautiful graves of till pines that old residents tell us an the erowth of twenty veais, and that the jand on which they stand once formed vatton* Potations and was under cnlti- The climate here is the one thine that 'n® w* most unstinted praise but ever now rain is needed and we hear predic tions snch as" I reckon well hava aright smart shuwer soon," and, "It «ili do a heap of good. The chief novelty to-day la an alligator that was found taking an owrlamTtrip some seventeen miles out in the cminti y, and was dmgged into town behind a n-aaon. It la eight feet long and a good deal uglier. A. J. WAUASU Thomasville, Ga., Feb. 11,1884. COUNTY COMXIBSldiriRS' PRO* OBBDZNOB. ,T (Continued from Ian week.) Geroux bridge in 1880. 50 Resolved that B. H. Wefasterbe al lowed 920.00 on hia bill of 935.00 for care of Pembina bridge in 1882 during high water. 90 00 B. H. Webster fees esse McDon aid as reported by Justice Arm strong in October. 4X0 Geo. N. Baker bill for goods do stroyed at smsll pox quarantine bill 9M.50 allowed so qo Isabel! Detoraue goods destroyed at small pox quarantine bill 974,50 "Mowed 85 00 Chas. McLeod coffin, team and other funeral expenses E Geurson 2160 Frank Jackson, taking H. O. Ben nett hia home on mountains. He being penniless 15 00 The report of T. B. Grow, justice of the peace, waa returned cor rected and accepted. T. B. Grow, justice fees, esse of Ju lius Domman_ ••••••••a »«#«#»,» John Wilson, constable feea. James Copeiand, witness fees, one day, 0 miles Eugene Cruyet, one day, 2 miles... T. B. Gron, justice fees, Greenwood case W. D. Hurley, constable fees 14 25 Eugene Horning, withess foes miles. Andrew Horning, 1} miles. ArchebalU White 1J miles. T. B. Grow, case of J. D. Gordon, Justice fees W. D. Hurley constable fees, Henry McGuinn,} day 2 miles WilliauiB and H. E. Burrett 39 90 Resohed, that the error in Mr Yerxa's assessment of 92,100 be corrected. Mr. Latliane boarding McUardy 7 weeks and 3 daya. 29 71 Resolved, that Mr. Bird and Mr. My rick be a committee to prepare plana and specifications to erect an office for county auditor and advertise for tendera in the Pioneer Fxpress, tenders to be addressed to J. H. Bird, county auditor. Geo. Kemp, county poor, boarding E. Burrett 1 75 Olaf Thorestineson, boarding Mar ria Gudmunsdatter, bill 925.00, al lowed jo 00 H. F. Regkjalson, case and burial Wm. Emerson 12 00 T. C. Frazer, deputy sheriff foes, Dickson and Burrett case, and W. G. Williams' caseallowed. 36 00 Resolved, that the applicailbn of Cavi leer township supervisors for an appro priation of 9150 to aid in the construction of a bridge be granted, provided the township builds a good substantial frame bridge. Should they build abridge cost* ing less than 9300 then the county appro priation to be one-half the cost of bridge. J. LaMoure & Co. goods to poor, Mrs, Delorme 10 00 H. George, justice of peace amt ot constable fees, Hager case 8 00 Report of Justice Taylor for quarter ending Sept 30 and quarter ending December 31,1883, receivedand accepted as corrected. E. A. Taylor, justice ieea in Mo- Kenzie, McMartin and Torkelson a 7 0 McAndrewsand school esses no costs, O. A, Cleveland, constable fees in D. A. McKenzie and Torkelaon cases jg 65 O. K. Anderson, witness lees Mo- Keusie case one day. 1 00 Charles Mickle, witness fees, Mc Kenzie case one day 00 B. Xelson, witness fees Torkelson case, one day five miles, 1 50 O. A. Cleveland, witness fees Tor kelson case 00 C. Kelson, witness fees Torkelson case one day, five milea. 1 50 E. A. Taylor, justice fees, McMartin 6 I 3 20 7 35 1 00 1 20 10 20 00 00 00 3 10 825 70 Thursday, February 7th, 1884.. Board met pursuant to adjournment Full board present J. D. Wallace, 4 days as Co. com missioner and 30 miles drive, in February, 15 00 T. C. Myrick, sen-ices as Oo. com missioner. *12 00 Charles McLeod, Co. commissioner and mileage I... je 50 J. J. Hurley, 4 days Co, com. and mileage 00 Wm. Jackson, Co. com. and mile age, January and February.?. 28 80 E. Armstrong, justice feea in cases of J. R. Dickson, R, Boyd, G. W. 6 20 O. A. Cleveland, constable fees in Hudson and Armstrong case, re ported in April but no bill ren dered ........M.......M.......M........... Report of John Wylie with expla nation aa required read and ap proved. John Wylie, justice fees in Ellen son & Anderson and MoKeusie 700 10 89 A. N. Stewart, constable fees am of EQeneoa A Anderson, bill allowed. 24 76 dam Melville, eonstable in above 0.8. Hagertnaa, repairing eonrt-v"-V hftase stoves and putting in aew pump 90 10 Jkai^ adjourned without day. Oorner Aid sad Robot rf i?: i-. Is! tMNUftrl •STABUBHMllNT Th*7 omy tt# QOOD8. th* LABOB8T BTOOi aadmalMth* LOWEST FBIGM. Illustrated Mid Balsa fbr 8trstt9,8T. 1884. PAUL Don't fell to AT O Some of the argaanS *7 .. Y~ At the 'i STORES AT E BIB IN A and HAMILTON 1 Dakota, and St. Vincent^ Minnesota. Having secured the Winters' stock at both places at a GREAT SACRAFICE, ed a large portion of the 0*Keefe Stock, enables us to defy all com petition in way of prices and as sortment of goods, Mrhich are to be slaughtered at ruinously low prices. We have about '10 m- 4 *L & IM, 1 1 yt r** 1 •y k: a G. F. also add Which will be §old at almost PEMBINA P*il- ii ""V ^.v PJ SJuj we shall sell firarXXS TOTS* MEZT8 SUITS Y* at FARMERS N. B. W. C. FELDMM JEWELER, WJWCPBS, CII0CKE, JEWELS? WD SIIiVEi^W^^E. IEPAIRNI6 PROMPTLY PORE. Goods Warranted as :i Represented. Pembina, Dak. O Tli. livmaf Omar. sale prices TERMS BASY, J,, 4* MM Is to- sued Murck and isept., each year: SIS pages, 8^x11} inciics, with t»vcr «,SOO iiinstratiuus—a wlioie pio tur.^silery. divui »kule- CUN*IUN«oi ell goods te penonul ur faimiy tue. IV-iia how ta onler, and givtts cx« cost of every thing fo» use cot, drink, wear, or hava fiin with. The*, invalusbl. Ixxiks tain infuraaajjou ginned kets CDQ* fnmi ot t)i. map tha vrurlL We will mail a copy Fre« to any address upon reoeii* of the postage 7 cents. Let us hear ftsas you. Sesnectfiilly. •®ffiRK3IjK8E±SP- BARGAINS I —IK— Sewing Machines &d4 Organs. HA VINO A LABGE STOCK OF FIRST Class SswlBf UaohlOM oil hand, I win sell for $25 EACH. W Now la jroor chance to set a flrst-daa "••T'i'-t B. H. WEBSTER. FOR SALE ON CREDIT BARIXT, OATS, WILL SELL THE ABOVE ON ON TIKE, WITH GOOD SECURITY. WALTER J. S. TRAILL, At Pembina Mill Co's Office. fVULh SOmT OF BiilHig Material, Doors, Windows, impeoved Having* completed taking stock, we have deterzninedl 6ii offering the whole of our remaining stock at cost, $3.00 at BOTB* It fooldlieffliplj absurd to tiy and qnoti jon prices in ibis paper mall goods, but, mdy and willing to sail JOQ We msan business, and if you want anything get it before the stock is sold. This is Cash sale. KATZAUER ZSel^te St., OF THE OLDEST ONE IJ Money to Loan A MOORE I BABIES PHOTOS OVER COATS $5.50 HEN'S OVEB COATS SINGLE HEAVT COATS at all the stock we have at COST. raatlBSto stock mp will flat it to their advamtai^to bmjtmm-m MERCHANT TAILORING Te^^Jj®6"*- disoount on all orders for winter soils dniai thto GARDNER, & _' Chicago One-Price Clothing House. Best Cashprices paid, fbr Raw Furs ROB'T EWING, REAL ESTATE AND LOANOFFICE for wlUi aU parts of the CODLI. qaantltlei. raws LOlx—in Pembina, the county scat, and other towns. Parttas vho ass en kivt Ion on mr'tuni, SV LAND LAW A SPECIALTY AT. KINDS OF LAND BDSIMKm TRANSACTED. CONVEYANCING ATTENDED TO HAMILTON 0RU6 STORE. Dolls and Toys for little folks, Picture tiie Books for f-ww bums and Dressing Cases, mas and New Year Cards, Nuts and Candies for everybody THE HAMILTON P. O. D3TTG STORE -Ura WIHwoI dress am patent mdldBes my be fowl as well as every thing in the way of stationery and 8chool Books. Prescriptions Carefully Prepared. Dr, Beyrlaaa, s. liao lala efaee Isi tlxe «teMaT X5. MOO-XTULOX-, H:a,33CL±l-fcoix, ID. T. n~STOIE! Cavileer Street, Pembina, Ft Jwt arriredi An assortment of the most Desirable Eztraetsfor theHandkenjil«r AND OTHER Abo: Amongastockoffreshdr„g5, 8complete avBljX-iOI3D CAPatTT .-&Q OF ALL SIZES AND FOR THE DIFFERENT PURPOSES. II ALSO A NICE LOT OF SPONOES PEMBINA DISPENSARY! (I«te Moore A McGrner) "r-l nsr Olxenxi F**CY AND T0ILH ARTICLES. PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY DISPENSED BY Books, Stationery and Wail Paper. Photographing done in" all its Branches 1 Wishes to inform .the farmers of *9 Donepromptly at. ^reasonable A Prop's. gem "bin si. P. 1*. REAL ESTATE MEN IN &>'' '4 at $&Mr DAKOTA. Land dt Making Fml choicest lam In theraller and Upenooallr aooMialrf TIMBER LaND—He has Timber Laoda lor salslnhitM^rauJ PSOWTL/T. Al- older ones, |®\Si $3JSO at $2.00. 4 variety of Caref.il) Cwumtai intad'ih,. L. WILKIN'S. Vii wain "llfa""" "™d 51 •M :-r* •*&} Jfi B. I.LEWIS, A SPECIALTY BY THE LIGHTNING PBOCM. 4 »r •X. t- 1 7** J*- nM&i 9 N