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The pioneer express. [volume] (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]) 1883-1928, March 23, 1888, Image 1

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A* rKxniNA, at,
Subscription, $2 r«r Anoim, ia Advance.
distance of oyer So milM mt At Red iKe? if
Vortb OtihtU
News from Washington.
The clerk of tho senate finance commit*
fee, Mr. Durfce, made a comparison of
the existing tariff with the bill submitted
to the ways and means committee the oth
er day. This compilation shows exactly
what the complete law will bo. It shows
that the reduction ot receipts from sugar
would lie loss than $5,000,000 instead of
over $11,000,000, as estimated by the
wnys and means committee. Tlie com*
(illation shows some curious effects of the
induction proposed by the ways nttd
means hill. Here area few of minor items:
Squared timber, $3.18 flax straw. $1.18
extracts of ltemlock, $10.20 cotten seed
oil, sulphate ol copper, $13.88
spirits of toriwhtiue, $20.80 curled hair
for ntatrawten,
Items About People.
Ir. Talbot Jones, health commissioner
oft lie city of St. Paul, has resigned, and
lr. Hoyt, a former inciimbont appointed
to tho vacant position.
(»en. Greely, of the signal service, is de
scribed as a tall, finely-formed man of
about forty-five, with a largo, wellshapcd
head, abundant black hair and a broad
black beard.
Tho funeral m-Yvices of Miss Alcott were
held hi ISoMtMii. Thuy were private, only
"»vit«IWeml« being present. The burial
willlic i« the old "Weepy Hollow'* grave*
ywd ai'Cbncord.
Ly Crimes and Criminals.
At. Yutnn, near Nicliolnnvlllo, Kv., Miss
O'Huir was found dencl with"
David Lewis nro
rliarml with tlie murder. No cause ia oa
J. II. S.vnder has Ixwn arrested at Dtnni
Texan, charged with o|ening United
StateH mail. Ho iuvil a lurne package ol
letter* in hi* possession which ho claimed
to lutvr [iiuml nn the railroad truck. In
hi* pock.ts were drafts on Now York lianks
many checks on lo­
rn I lianks and money orders. It is be
liered that he was concerned in the rob
liery ot the poBtoffice at McKinney recent-
Clinrles Kinney, who, .it is alleged, was
iiKKoi:iiitod with O'Connors and others in
tlio Minneapolis postnflicerobbery on July
It. l.xsl, was taken to St. Paul recently in
tho custody of Deputy United Stales Mar
shal W. II. Dutcher of Chicago. He was
arrwtla in Chicago while on a visit to his
mother, and being given a preliminary
hearing before Judge lilodgctt of that city,
the custody of Marshal
nni|iboll of MiiiiioHotu. Kinney was in
dicted for the postoflico robbery at the
last June term of tho United States court,
but up lo tho present time lias evaded ar
Foreign News Nuggets.
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria is prepar
$nu a manifesto in reply to the expected
^ultimatum of the powers regarding the
llulgarimi question, in which he will pro
•Halm Uutgnria a kingdom, and call upon
tho |km
to frown him king.
Doctors Mackenzie, Schrader, Howell,
Jtargimin, llramatin and Kratise, the phy
sicians attending the crown priuce.havu is
vucfla bulletin denying that differences
of opinion exist among them. They an
they do not maintain that a dangerous
turn in the nuiludy is imminent.
A dispatch from Tangier says that
Moorish officials there attacked the house
•of an Americaii protege, who fled. The
•other members of the family were violently
-seized and taken away to prison and their
•property declared forfeited. An American
man-of-war was on her way to Tangier,
and on her arrival it was expected the
united States consul will demand the res*
toratjon of the protege.
Record of Casualties.
TheMncrfuean house, tho largest hotel
a a
Fire totally destroyed the La Crosse
Milling company's oatmoal and feed mill
recently. Tho building and plant coBt
was insured for
Thomas Ishland, an Omaha track*
walker, had a very narrow escape from
instant death. lie was going through a
long railroad cub that was piled high with
«now, and when quite a ways on he dis*
covered a freight train coming. Escape at
either end was impossible and ho bracod
himself back against the snow. The en
gine passed him and several cars, but alum*
l«r car thuthad aboard projecting caught
him on tho side of the head and rolled him
over and over to the end of the cut, bruis
ing him in a fenrful manner. There is not
si spot on his body but shows the effects of
pummelling received. 8trange to say no
bones *,vere broken. He will survive.
Miscellaneous News Notes.
The opinion is gaining ground that nei
ther the Burlington. Illinois Central nor
Duluth will extend their tines beyond Sioux
Falls this season. The indications are all
in favor ot thin conclusion.
Mrs. May SikcR, a beautiful and accom
plished woman, thirty years of age, has be
come a raving maniac through fright. An
intoxicated young man who boarded in
the samo house with her threatened to
kill her with a knife. Ho was locked up.
Mrs. Sikes is a member of a wealthy and
prominent family.
Complaint in made to the Iowa railroad
commissioners that tho railroads are
mnkinz cut rates frcin Chicago to Omaha
am) other terminal points without a cor
responding reduction on tho branches.
Tho commissioners lind the complaint
well founded, but they have no jurisdic
tion, as the case comes under the inter
state traflic law.
General Passenger Agent Warren, of the
Manitoba, says thai- tho number of in*
rpiiries so far this year, in relation to lo
cations for immigrants along tho line of
th: Manitoba, far surpasses anything in
tho history of the road. On April 1 sec
ond-ela*s passenger rates will ba reduced
to all points st of Devils Lake, in order
to encourage settlers as much as possible,
reductions King from $1 to $0 at each
It looks very much as though the agree
ment made by the Northwestern Indian
commission with the Matidans and Aricka
rocs upon the Fort Berthold reservation
would fail. The agreement provides, after
allotins the lands in severalty to each of
tho Indians, that the remainder of the
lands shall be deeded in fee to tho tribe
as a body. This recognizes tho tribal re
lations, which the present Indian policy
of the department and of congress is try
ing to wipe out.
A Massachusetts Horror*
The new office of the Kvening Union, at
£princtield, Mass., was burned out on the
7th inst., and the blnze was attended with
the most sickening horror ever witnessed
in that city, six of the employes meeting a
terrible death, most of them jumping
from the fifch story and being
crushed into a shapeless mass below.
Six others were badly injured.
Tho flames shot up and old elevator in
the rear, cutting off escape by the stair
way, and most of the employes who es
caped found their way to tho ground by
way of tho roof iu the rear. Tho employes
who rushed into the editorial room were
from theescape in the rear, and had
t.» fare tho horrible alternative of burning
to death or a jump to the pave
ment below and frightful mutilation.
Six unfortunates fell from the windows
son of them forced off and some madly
leaping, and the crowd groaned and turned
their heads as they whirled through the
The killed are: H. I. Goulding, aged thir
ty-two, married foreman ol the compos
ing room burned to death. Mrs. Hattie
K. Farley, twenty-three, society editor.
Miss Gertie Thompson, eighteen,
proof reader burned to death. C.
I,. brown, twenty-two, compositor. W.
Ilovey. of Roston, twenty-five fell,
striking on his head, and died in a hospit
al. .1. •lanzor, thirty-five, compositor
lately ?ame to this city from Canada. The
injured are: Thomas Donahue, composi
tor. had cut on the head and left legbrok
cn at the knee Timothy Dunn, composi
tor, arm and leg broken Joseph W. Witty,
compositor, hand, neck and ears burned
clung to the window until tho flre forced
him to drop, but he fell on a ladder and
was saved G. F. Knsworth, coinoositor,
compound fracture of the l^g Thomas
Donolni'1. compositor, broken thigh, fatal
ly injured.
Mr. liill, the managing editor was in the
news room when he heard tho first cry of
"lire." The forms had just been seot
down, and the men wero enjoying the cus
tomary relaxation after the hurry of the
afternoon. Four or flvo of them were in
the room smoking, chatting and jok
jug* It seemed less tliao a mio
*te before the smoke burst
'llireo Imltet lioles in her body. Autos
Tliomiis, I'mnk
Into the composing room, and the coin,
ponltors took the alarm. Mr. Hill rati out
and told the men and women to start tor
the roof In the roar. Many ot them did so.
Ho felt perfectly safe for few minutes as
he saw the men climbing over the roof.
About fifteen ot tho thirty-five employ*
es, however, rushed to the •front. Several
of these were saved with the greatest dif
Death 6f a Well*knoWrt Authoress*
Miss Louisa M. Alcott died at the High
lands* nteaf Boston on tho 0th inst. Com
ing so soon after the death of her father,
the suddenly announced death of Louisa M.
Alcott brings a double sorrow to the many
friends ot the family, while the loss of tho
talented writer will be felt far and wide.
For a long time Miss Aleott has been ill,
suffering Irom nervous prostration. Last,
autumn she ap|eared to bo improving,and
went to the Highlands to reside with Dn
llhoda A. Lawrence,
Miss Louisa Mav Alcott Was born at
Germantown, Pa,, Nov. 2», 1832. She be
gan to write fairy tales in her teens, and
her first volume, "Flower Fables," was
published in 1855, Hor first full-grown
story brought her $5 from Glcoson's Pic
torial, when she ras nineteen. Her hos
pital sketches (18GH) which won for her a
general reputation, were made up from let
ters written home while she was "a volun
teer nurse In tho army at the South. She
tacame a contributor to the Atlantic
Monthly in 18GH-4, and in 1805 published
hor first novel, "Moods." She wrote "Lit
tle Women," the most popular ot all her
works, in 18G7. This was succeoded bv
"An Old Fashioned Girl" in 1800, and
"Little Men" in 1871. Since then she has
written much and has received probably
Sandbagged and Robbed.
Conductor Towne, of the Pullman sleo|v
or on the Northern Pacific western-bound
train, was sandbagged between W heatland
and 8anborn, and robbed of $80, $S() of
that sum being his own. The conductor
was asleep and the two thieves, who were
masked, slit down his trowers pockets and
emptied the contents out. The conductor
was awakened by tho men leaving the car
and a scuffle ensued in which Towne
was sandbagged, badly injured and left in
sensible on the front platform of the
sleeper. A pistol shot fired during the
scrimmage alarmed tho passongers, most
of whom had retired, and Towne was
found insensible. When the train reached
Tower City Towne was placed in charse of
a physician, who declared his injuries were
serious but not dangorous. From his de
scription ot his assailants, it Is proved
that the men wero in jail in Fargo for a
wook previous on the charce of vagrancy.
One was six feet two inches tall, weighing
100 pounds, about thirty-eight vear^old,
sandy beard, dark hair, streaked with
gray, brown eyes, and had two fingers cut
off his left hand at tlie first joint. He
claimed to bo a laborer, and gave his name
as^Pavis. The other man was smaller,
weight about 140 pounds, five feet eight
inches in height, dark hair, blito eyes, wore
No. 7 shoes, was about tweuty-Ztveyear*
old, and claimed his namo was Booynct.
New Secretary of the Agricultural
Tho board ot managers of the Minnesota
State Agricultural association met on the
0th Inst., at President Merriam's office, in
the Merchant's National bank, St. Paul,
all the members being present. After
transacting soino informal business,
tho board proceeded to elect officers
for the ensuing year. Several oppliva
tions had been received for tlie position
ot Secretary, among them H. It.
Denny, Erick Olseh, Frank J. Wil
cox, Carl Judson and Secretary Hoard.
An informal ballot resulted in Denny re*
reiving eight votes and Hoard one, and on
the first formal ballot Mr. Denny was de*
clarcd unanimously elected, his salary ho.
ing placed at $2,500 per year. F. .1. Wil
cox was unanimously re-elected treasurer
at "a salary of $500 per year, and W. F.
Cross of Hed Wing was elected general su
perintendent of grounds at S125 per
month. The creation of the lat-ter oflice
will relieve the secretary from much otthat
work which madosthe last secretary's lifo
a burden. Jt was*"decided toretairi Che
committee on premium list, and
ts report was adopted.
The Postal^ Telegraph.
Tho house committee on commerce, by a
vote of 7 to 0, has authorized a favorable
report on tho bill introduced by Mr. Itayuer
ol Maryland to provide a system of postal
telegraphy. The bill appropriates
OOOforthepurposeof theactand places tho
general supervision of thesystem under the
fourth assistant postmaster general. Tho
work of establishing tho telegraph lines,
etc., is to be done under the supervision
of the secretary of war, with'the approval
of the president. Tho rates of tariff for
twenty-word telegrams are 10 cents for
500 miles or less, and 20 cents for 500
to 1,000 miles, with proportionately
increased rates for longer dis
tances. Tho bill providos for tele*
graphic postal money orders at existing
mail rates plus the tolegraphic tolls. -The
report on the bill assorts that the service
will be eelf-subtaining, defends tho govern
ment's right to build and operate telegraph
lines, and states that public opinion, good
faith and justice do not require the gov
ernment to purchase the property and
franchises of the Western Union Telegraph
Knights of the Qolden Circle.
In response to a message from Sheriff
Genne of Shoals, Ind., Sheriff llurroll ol
Carmi, III., went to Springer, and arrested
Dr. W. H. Stone, who is charged iu tho
confession of Albert Qiiackenlnish of
Shoals with complicity in the assassina
tion of Jackson Ballard, an Union soldier,
who was hunting for a man name I An
derson, a deserter. The deed was com
mitted in March, 1801, and ac
cording to tjuackenhtish's confes
sion, bo and Stone were de
tailed by the Knights of the Golden Circle
to make way with Ballard iu order to pro
tect Anderson, who was a brother in tho
lodge. The murder was committed and
Quackenbush stated that a plot was laid
to murder all officers serving papers on
dratted soldiers. Several prominent In
diana people were charged by i^tiackcnbtish
with complicity in the murder, have been
indicted. Dr. Stono is well known and
highly respected. Ho disclaims any con
nection with the crime.
Shortage Long Concealed.
During tho t«rm ol County Treaniirer
John S. Longenecker, from 18K2 to 1885,
there was a defalcation iu his office
amounting to $17,000. Longenecker's
clerk was Erastus J. Jones, who succeeded
him as county treasurer. When Longe
necker went out of olfico Jones gave him
receipts showing that he had receivod
.all the money supposed to be in the
treasury, when the fact was that there
was a sliortage of $17,000 which Jones
concealed and carried all through his term
of oflice. ending on Jan. 1. On that date
George Grove became thecounty treasurer,
and he would not receipt for anything but
cash from Jones. Finally, when Jones
couJd no longer prevent it, the truth camo
out. Longenecker's bondsmen have made
tho shortage good. Jones is the reputed
owner of the Morning Call newspaper.
There is no talk of proceeding against him
Tragedy In a Bank.
A desperate attempt was made to rob
the Bradford National bank at Bradford,
Pa., recently. At the time there was no
one in the bank but Cashier Harvey Tom
linaoti, who was engaged looking over ac
counts. Hearing a noise, ho turned and
discovered a young man behind the count
er, just as the latter grabbed up a hand
ful ot bank notes. Tomlinson seized the
robber and a desperate struggle ensued.
Finding that he was getting worsted, the
thief drew a revolver and shot Tomlinson
fatally. He then took the money
and started out, but the report of
the pistol had already attracted
a crowd, and the robber was pur
sued. He shot and probably fatally
wounded A. L. Bliech, one of his pursuers.
Then, seeing that escape was impossible,
the roblier shot himself in the head, dying
in a few minutes. It is supposed that his
name was Kimball, and that hecame from
A Louisiana Cyolone.
A cyclone passed over the southwestern
part of Opeiousas, La., a few days ago.
The dwellings of Chapman Guidey, Mr.
Prevost, Valentine Lavergins, Mr. Mur
cote and L. Bourgeois were blown topieces.
C. Guidey and his sou each had an arm
broken. The youngest child of Valentine
Lavergins wao killed. Three brothers,
who were keeping a store, lost their houso
and their goods were scattered for miles.
All the members of the family of Louia
Bourgeois were injured. About a dozen
dwellings and as many more outbuildings
were demolished, and in every case tho in
mates were injured and the household el
lNt« destroyed*
New York OarrlM Off the Pennant
for the Worst Blizzard on Rec
The Northwest Dl.oounted by the
Atlantlo State*, Where Dl.treas
Held High Carnival.
The Storm Lasted from Saturday,
the loth ln*t. Until Wednes
day the I4th Inst.
Now York City has been buried in snow,
the merenry lias been down to sero, the
wind has been blowing a gale, and a degree
of dullness prevails that was noversurpass.
cd even in the sparsely settled prairie
Statcsofthe west. All travel
in thecity has
been suspended horse cars, steam cars,and
even elevated cars stopped running for sev
eral days, and oven the fire engines could
not make their way through tho snowdrifts
that filled tho streets. A big conflagration
would burn tho city down, as engines can
con move rapibly. One tiro to-day made
twenty families homeless. A policeman
picked a man out ot a snowdrift. He was
insane from Buffering and begged to be kill
ed. People are sleeping in cots
in the down
town hotels. Cabmen are charging $50 for
couple of miles. Tramps have taken
refugo in strandod street cars. The
saloons are short of supplier, there
being no deliveries. Tho main
avenues ol traflic are full of abandoned
street cars, mall wagons and all kinds of
vehicles. The actual enow fall is over
three feet. There lias been only partial
resumption of traffic in the city. Klevat
»d railroad trains are running atintorvals,
but they are wholly inadequate for the re
quirements, Most business men who came
down were forced to walk. Sleighs and
carriages were in great demand. Tho wind
blew furiously and the snow was bad
ly drifted, being piled in many places six
and eight feet high. Communication with
Washington and all points south of Xcw
York was entirely cut off. No surface
cars are running and snow isfromiso hard
that plows cannot be used. Tho Fast
river was fioxen hard and many Brook
lynites walked across to Now York side.
Few trains, if any, have reached the dif
ferent termini it. New York and Jersey
City. Many trains were stalled between
stations on the Hudson Hivor and Har
lem roads. Officials said that forty trains
were snowed in. Not a train reached tho
depot for one day. Most of tho roads
report similar condition of affairs. Pas
sengers suffered great discomfort. Kerry
boats wero only run at long intervals. All
eastern wires wero down. Communication
from Philadelphia by long distance tele
phone said that the storm there was the
greatest in over thirty years. No trains
wero running. Many were snowbound near
the city.
The mercury marked zero and below. The
gale swept with fearful velocity. Railroad
traflic on Long Island waseutirely blockad
ed. President Austin Corhin was snow
bound at Jamaica. George l. Barrymore,
the well known importer and dealer in hops,
was found frozen stiff in a snow bank in
Smith avenue. Barrymore lived with his
wife and family at Fifty-first street, and
Broadway. lie started for his ollico down
town and it is supposed ho became ex
hausted and dropped by the way unno
ticed. The body of Annie Ilalpin Fisher,
aged thirty, was found frozen stiff in a
hallway in WeBt Thirty-ninth street, where
she lived.
Not a surface railroad company made
any attempt to run cars. Klevated rail
way trains rati with Irregularity, and
with the few sleighs out, were tho only
means of conveyance. Broadway and
other great north nud south thorough fares
were well nigh impassable with mountains
of snow shoveled from the sidewalks. Xjie
majority of tho cross streets werc|tmgmircM
of soft snow, one to throe feet deep.
No milk received in New York or the
neighboring cities of Brooklyn and Jersey
City for thirty-islx hours. All provisions
were riettveted' fey hand, Inon floundering
painfully througii drifts. Coal was being
carried in a thousand places by bag, bas
ket and bucketful, and, in tho poor quar*
tors on tho Kast side, the price was nearly
doubled. A number fit restaurants wero
compelled to close their doors, bein mi
a bio to get either fuel or provisions.
Hotels wero compelled to tret most of their
fresh meats and vegetables carried by
hand. Gangs of boys and men have been
making their own firms for relieving
householders imprisoned behind snow
drifts. It was impossible to get a New
York paper throughout a largo portion of
Brooklyn and Jersey City. Tho public
schools were closed. Preparations Mere
being mado to mount the lire engitiwi on
Iteports from the interior of tho Hudson
river counties show the country roads twr
rihly blockaded. In some instances drifts
were twenty-five feet deep. Stock of every
description is suffering.
Telegraphic communication with Phila
delphia, Baltimore. Washington and other
points South was totally cut ot'f ex
cept over precarious lines by way of Pitts
burg. The lines to New Kttgland points
were utterly prostrated. A train wtih :p(»
passengers from Jamaica. L. I., alter be
ing in snowdrifts thirty-six hours, arrived
at Long Island City, and
walked into Jamaica after passing the
night iu stalled trains. Drifts in the
streets of Jamacia were thirty feet hijrh.
Four passenger trains on the Flushing di
vision of the Long Island road were snow
bound near Garden City.
The list of casualities caused by the
storms, as reported by the police, is al
ready long. That it is not longer is prob
ably due, in a measure, to the instructions
given to the police to arrest all persons
not able to take care or thomsefvo*. Tho
hospitals arc full of victims, and hundreds
of persons have been more or Jess froy.cn
while deaths are numerous in localities
where the police officers have not penetra
Philadelphia also suffered severely, but
not as much so as New York, but the
Herculean efforts of railway olfieials
were fruitless iu getting the various lines
into successful operation. The wind had
blown savagely and thousands of labor
ers who had been dicing at the mount
ains of snow and ice on lines leading
into tho city havo had disheartening tasks.
Many cuts would fill almost as fast as
the drifts were removed. The loss to the
commercial interests of Philadelphia can
not be estimated, and the time which will
bo required to put the railroad and tele
graphic traffic in its normal condi
tion is uncertain. The railroad officials
made but little effort to operate their
roads, and with the exception of a few
suburban trains and a train or two from
the main line of the Pounesylvania
railroad, little or othing was done.
On the main line the principal trouble was
between Paoli and Parkersburg. l»o
tween twenty and thirty miles, and tho
condition of affairs on that piece of road
is described as the worst ever known in
the history of Kastern railroads. One
party of railroad men and passengers had
been stuck in a big drift at Oadley, on tho
Amboy division, in New Jersey. Fearing
that they wero suffering for want ot food.a
train dispatcher organized a relief party,
taking a four-lorse sleigh with proviaious.
They endeavored to force their way
through the country roads. There were
about twenty-eight men in thesnow.hound
party. The Reading and other railroads
were in us bad shape as the Pennsylvania.
At Pittshurgthere has never been such an
absolute dearth of telegraphic communica
tion with the Kast. Kastwnrd the bliz
zard roiled down the mountain side and
through the Juniata valley, scattering
fences, breaking telegraph wires, upsetting
small frame buildings and causing greatloss
in various ways. Trainmen pronouiiccd
it th« worst storm ever known in theoe re
gions. Business on the Pennsylvania rail
road between Pittsburg and Philadelphia
was completely paralyzed.
Kvery thing was blockaded with snow. All
1he freight trains were suow.hoimd and
there was littlo or no prospect of their set
tinii out, fur twenty-four hours. Never before
iu the history of the railroads has thero
been such a blockade.
At Lewes, a dispatch says, one tug
boat sunk out of sight wrecking company
steamer sunk near railroad pier ono tug
nsh»re twenty-three sailing vessels of va
rious kinds ashore. The heaviest loss
that ever occurred in that harbor. It is
estimated that about twenty-live lives
wero lost
A report also nays that the iron rail
road pier at Lewes parted in the middle
during the storm, leaving some people on
the outer edge of it whose fate was un
The fierce wind which struck Washing
ton on Saturday lasted three days. The
work done one day iu the way of repair
iiiis the telegraph wires leading to the city
and clearing the obstructions Irom the
railroad tracks was to a large extent un
done by the «ind the next day. Between
Philadelphia and Washington linemen re
moved from the railroad tracks over 700
telegraph poles. Tho cut-off between
Washington and New York seems to bs
hopeless for the prosent. The wiiid blew
down all the poles along the Metropolitan
branch ot the Baltimore & Ohio railroad.
Telegraph men state that tho wreck ot the
lines was the worst they havo ever known.
At the signal oflice it is said that the
present storin is unprecedented since the
organization of the service. The tempera
ture was lower than over before known at
this feasoii of tho year. All wires between
Washington and New York nrcdown,except
one to Baltimore. The only other tele
graphic communication with the outside
world is maintained by means of two wires
South and three West.
At Schenectady a train was stalled four
miles out. About fifty members and sena
tors wero on board. No provisions could
be^obtained for the snowbound fmrty, for
thirty hours. A Rochester millionaire
and a Buffalo statesman cooked for hun
gry passengers uiitil all were provided for.
Next day a relief train took the pas|en
gers to Schenectady, where five trains were
stalled, with no prospects ot getting out.
A stock train was snowed in near tho l!och«
ester traiu. Tho stock wero nil frosen td
For the first time in the existence of the
telegraph Baltimore was cut off from com
munication with Now York and Washing
ton for over twenty-four hours. Not only
were the wires down, but hundreds of tele
graph poles along both tho Western tltiion
and railroad lines were broken. It wnstlio
worst hltaxurd that has swept that section
in twenty years. Tho tide was lower than
ever known before.
At Saratoga, railroad travel was entire
ly suspended, and not a wheel had
moved on any of the roads for twenty-four
hours. Four feet four inches ot snow has
fallen. For sixty hours snow has been fall
At Albany the storm raged for fivodays,
and only 24 out ofliio members of the
legislature were presents
The following telegram was sent from
Mayor Hewitt, Now York: Bismarck
stands ready to give substantial aid to
thehlfexard sufferers ot New York. Let
us know your neods.
M. II.
Chamber of Commerce.
F. H. Kent, proprietor of tho Iepot ho
tel ami chairman of the board of trade at
Huron, telegraphed a message to Mayor
Hewitt of New York city, expressing the
sympathy with the bli/.xard-strikeu peoplo
of the Kast, and authorizing Mr. Hewitt to
draw on Kent for $r»o for tho sufferers if it
is needed.
8ad Chapter of Life.
A woman, residing in Chicago, sent for a
detective, and when lie came she explained
that there lived in Chicago an organized
band of male and female thieves, which
confined its operations to laruo hotels.
Her husband, she discovered months be
fore, as a member of such a gang, she said,
and she thon determined to take the first
opportunity to notify the police. She un
covered a pile of costly stolen goods in a
corner of the room. Frank Kmmctt, the
trusted watchman at the Sherman house,
James Bayian and Patrick N-'cdham, two
of the porters, wero arretted. In tho jus
tice court, the woman who gave tho in*
formation to the poiice. was asked
why she gave her name as Mrs. James Mur
ray, ami told the followiug story of her
life, which thore is every reason to believe
is true: My maiden name was Lizzie Jose
phine Kerns. My father was John Kerns,
who many years before my birth was lord
mayor of Ihibliu. I was born in huhliu,
ami lived thero until I was sent away to
goon with my education. Father was
wealthy ami we wero a happy family.
There wero six sisters of us, and I was the
beauty and was spoiled. In the Cmline
convent of Thurles I received my instruc
tions in the higher branches, music
and pairiting. Then I was sent
to Boulogne. Franco, where I fin
ished inv education. Shortly after my re
turn to Ihiblin'my father died.**My imVlh
er fell heir to another fortune by the
death ot a relative in Birmingham, Kn
gland. Part of tho property was at Bir
mingham. We moved there the next year.
I was introduced to James Murray, who
was then a wealthy shoe manufacturer in
Limerick. We were married iu IKt s. Ho
took mo to his home iu Limerick. We
were not very happy together. Two years
after out- marriaue wo moved to Philadel
phia. He is still in that city. We quar
reled a great deal about trivial matters.
One day. while very angry, I left the
house and went to New York. Ho
commenced divorce proceedings on
the ground of desertion, and was
grunted a bill. I was soon
out of money. would not let my people
know what had happened. I was forced
to go to a cheap hotel. Frank Kinmet
was a porter iu the hotel. I was taken
sick with inflammatory rheumatism, and
for seven months Kniinet sent every week
$0 to pay for my board at the hospital,
lie was the only one who came to see me,
and when recovered my health I com
lufutTd living with him. That was four
years a-40. I got Kunnet tho place in the
Sherman house. He lias been night watch
man 1 hi-re for two years. I always be
lieved him to be strictly honest. We
would have married but that, as a Catho
lic, I am the wife of James Murphy, tho
millionaire, to this day, in spite of the de
ALong Chase.
Two years ago Medad V. Miller, alias M.
M. Vinton, was a farmer in Huron, Dak.
He was supposed to he wealthy, and had
a good farm. In view of these facts he had
no difficulty in borrowing moaey. At the
Tnion bank in hi» town he obtained $1.
."oh on a chattel mortgage i,n cattle he
said he owned, and at. another bank he got
by a similar transaction. Then he
left for California, followed by J. W.
Campbell, one of the otlicers of the Union
batik. Miller learn »d that Campbell was
on his track and tied to Australia. The
bank tracked his movements through
Australia, the Mediterranean countries,
the ifolv laud and France, until ho reach
ed Knglaud, where they lost sight of him.
A few weeks a^'o the hank receive 1 an an
onymous letter fro a Detroit, Mich., say
ing that the man they wanted was there.
Then detectives arrested Vinton and took
him to the central station, where he was
confronted by the Dakota bank officer,
who immediately recognized him. Miller
says ho is tired of wandering about, and
be made no attempt to deny his identity.
He says he is perfectly willing to go back
to Dakota. He is thirty-nine yoars old,
an accomplished linguist, and otherwise a
finely educated man. Ho says he got mon
ey enough to see the world, and is now
rea to stand his chances of being con*
victed on the charge of swindling.
Indian Troubles Ahead.
^Trouble is feared among the Indians ol
Northwest British America. The Saskat
chewan Ib'rald, published at Battleford,
says editorially: It will be remembered by
those who haf to do with Indian matters
after th late rebellion that the Indians
attributed their failure to the fact that
they had deferred action until too late in
the season. They had miscalculated tho
power of lhe government to move troops
at that season of the year, but said the
next tiiiM* they would rise earlier, and get
in all their work before it would be possi
ble to bring^ any force to op
pose them. From information con
veyed by some of the Indians to
friends whom they wish to warn against
danger ahead it appears to be their inten
tion to bo governed by the experience ol
the past to tho extent that they will be
gin operatiousat an earlier date than they
did tlie last timo, and if this plan remains
unchanged tho time for action is close at
hand. Tho danger of trouble in tho near
future is foreshowed in so many ways and
vouched for by so many people that it
would bo criminal to neglect taking proper
precaution to avert trouble, if possible,
or if it doos come, tostamp it out- with
promptitude and thyroughncss that will
effectually prevent a repetition ot the of
The two members ol the Brown family
at Mason City, Iowa, who diod of poison
hn've leen buried without an autopsy,
but their remains will be exhumed, a cor
oner's jury impaneled, and some of the
mystery connected with th" deaths clear
ed away. The family ate som** molasses
candy luring the meal, and the poison
might have been iu the extract used as
flavoring. Some think that trichina* in
the pork was the cause, while others sus
pect foul play.
The Wisconsin Central passenger trair
west overtook and killed a deer west o1
Abbottsford. The deer would not leave
the track and fell exhauatod after a lone
Th» iwbnd M- iha ,great atrlko ol
the Burlington iniWiW nart« irt with id
particular chnng.wihfc .ltiintlbn.
The law«board otmllway eommimionm
hnv. ben investigating charge, of incntnpe
t.noy mndeagaln.t*ti|lnMnion the Hurling
ton road who have taken the place ot
•trikera. They took fonalderable testi
mony at Creeton from engineer, who Htat
ed that they did not consider themselves
*s lirst-claH enfinem. They hnvo sum
med up this testimony afid submitted It
to the governor. After reciting this testi
mony the commissioner. My:
Mr. Browu. superintendent ol tlie Iowa
lines, admits that under tlie conditions of
•II his engineers leaviM on twelve hours',
notice he wna coin pel ltd to run piwsengor
trains w^th new and Inexperienced men. It
inay be regarded aa proven beyond ques
tion and admitted that the men above
designated were inexperienced, under the
general rules laid down by railroad com-
taniea for the running of trains, and tried
their own statement*. The commis
sioners do not Imitate to eny that they
fcre incompotent. ,,
Alter discussing tba employment of In-
Wo think we are safe In mumming that in
theso particulars the new men running
these trains cannot be equal to those who
hud been previously selectod from the
oldest and most competent engineers to
run passenger trains. The commis
sioners believe that tho exatuii.atlons
that have been made and tests that havo
been applied to determine whether
engineers arc competaut to ruit locomo
tives are dictated by prudence, and to
neglect them is unwise. They would ad*
vise the Chicago, Burlington & ljuincy
company to allow no engineer to run pas.
songer trains that is not fully up to tho
established standard of skill and ability.
Tho law jioverning tho carrier ot passen*
gers says no "must use extraordinary care
and Caution, the highest skill, the greatest
foresight nnd tho best Appliancos,"
tho "highest degrw ol care, skill
nnd diligence ot which human
effort is capable," the ''diligence must be
extraordinary and liability follows slight
negligence.'1 It not being in issue the com
missioners have not thought it within tho
scopootthis investigation to discuas the
merits of the differences that led to the en*
gineers and firemen leaving tho service of
tho Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railway.
tiov. Larabee has sent a letter tit Presi
dent Perkins of the Burlington advising him
to settle the trouble with the strikers by
Prominent members of tho 'Brotherhood
at Now York thus doline their position:
They do not propose or desire to commit
any act conflicting with the laws of tho
country. Thelawsot tho Brotherhood havo
leen modified, under the advice ot ominent
counsel, so that authorised acts of its mem
bers may not conflict with stringont con
spiracy laws. Kach individual member is
a free agent to engage in a strike
or not as ho may olect. The Brotherhood
never has nor over will attempt to dictate
to any railroad company whom they shall
or shall not employ. In the caso of the
Chicago, Burlington ft Quincy, we do not
object to their hiring such men as they
can got to run thoir engines, nor do wo say
to the managers of other lines how near
they shall go towards infringing upon the
interstate commerce law, but we presuino
that they, knowing our domands to lie
just, are willing to give us all the
moral support they can but wo
do object to managers of other roads sup*
plying tho Burlington, with men to take
our places, thereby conspiring to our de
feat and thus depriving us of the rights of
fair light to sustain our just domands.
Neither will our organisation interfere with
any railway company iu discharging its
duties as a common carrier, hut if any in
dividual member ot our oiganixation shall
decline to work for any railway company
handling Chicago, Burlington ft tjuincy
traflic, ho lias a perfect ri^ht to do so. Wo
say individually to tho managers who
have been instrumental in supplying the
(•liicsgo, Burlinuton ft tjuincy with men,
that if they do not withdraw said men we
will quit their employ. At Kansas City
Hi a meeting of tho Brotherhood of Lo«
comotlve Engineers and ,'*ireinon Grand
Master C. K. Wilkinson, of the Brother
hood ot Braketnen, said that organisation
had determined to give Its might to the
cause of the engineers and firemen. The
brakemou know, he said, that the en
gineers now employed by the Burlington
system were incompeteut. They let tho
water run so low in tho boilers that the
brakemen were constrained to take refuge
in the cabooses for fonr of being blown up.
They havo in many instances reported
this state of affairs to tho oflicers of the
other roads.^ Mr. Wilkinson believed that
some timo in the luture there would be
one grand organisation of trainmen, com
posed of engineers, firemen, brakemen,
conductors, and switchmen, and then
all would got their rights. Ho 1 I tho
brakemon would refuse to run for tho Bur
lington road if asked to do so. I11 tho
meoting wero representatives of the
Kansas City, Fort Pott ft Ciulf rail
road, the Kansas City, Wyandotte ft
Northwestern road, tho Missouri Pacific
and others. All reported their men ready
to striko if it was necessary for the success
of thoso now out on the Burlington.
At. Denver, Col., tho striking engineers is*
sued a nr-tice to the oflkials of the Denver,
1'tah ft Pacific that all their engineers and
firemen would go out next day. This road
is a narrow gnugo running from Denver to
Lyons, and is controlled by tho Burlington
by lease, and is used by the latter as a
feeder to one of the richest coal districts
of the state.
Postmaster (ieneral Dickinson has di
rected tieneral Superintendent Nash, of
the railway mail service, to proceed at
once to Chicago, there to remain during
the present railroad troubles. Mr. Nash
rccoived instructions which will govern in
any action ho may take.
The general manager of the Milwaukee
road says:
It seems to me to he rcdiculous for a
court to order a road to handle Burling
ton freight when it is not in a position to
obey the order. How can the St. Paul
haul Burlington cars when our engineers
refuse to work? Discharge them ami get
men that will? That's all very well, but
suppose we did discharge some of our en
gineers. would we be in abetter position or
would the public be in a better position to
stop our road altogether? I could stop
tlie St. Paul road to-day. but I don't pro
pose to do it, because it would only result
in injury to tho public. The St.'Paul is
not responsible for the present situation
of affairs.
Another General Manager said: It
is true that tho road I represent arid
others havo considered it for our best in
terests to disregard the interstate law,
but we have adopted the wisest course and
one which the outcome will justify us in
taking. It was right to avert a general
strike by any nnd all means. No one has
yot measured the full extent of such a
calamity. It is all nonsense to say that
our attitude has embarrassed tho lturling*
ton iu the slighest degree.
A meeting of( tho Brotherhood was
hold in New York on Sunday with
closed doors. About 1,S0) delegates, rep
resenting 20,000 engineers and firemen,
were present.
The following resolutions were pnssed:
We say to tne railroad managers, super
intendents and master mechanic* who
have bien serretly aidingandabbt*tting the
Chicago, Burlington ft Quincy railroads
with a view of defeating the just demands
of its old engineer* and firemen by sending
them incompetent
and irresponsible persons
as engineers and firemen, thereby en*
dangering the public safety, that if
they do not withdraw or cause paid
men to be withdrawn from tho service
of said company, we, as individuals, will
use our own discretion about remaining in
their employ after a certain date. Our
moral and financial support is hereby ex
tended and pledged to the Brotherhood ol
Kngiueers and Firemen of the West, who
arc manfully battling for their just and
honorable rights.
This telegram was sent to P. M. Arthur
and F. P. Sargent:
To the Kngineors nnd Firemen of the
Chicago. Burlington ft tjuincy System: Be
truo, bo firm livo or die. ^Signed]
Tnion Mkktino, Tammaky IIali..
(»ov. Williams, of Colorado, says: I am
of tho opinion that the decision of the
Iowa railway commissioners upon the
matter of (permitting incompetent engi
neers to run passengertraiusoi{theVldcat:o,
Burlington ft Quincy right and just, am)
no man who has not proven himself fully
competent to run a locomotive should Is?
permitted to jeopardize the lives of the
passengers as well as the property of
tho company by being put in charge
of the train. Were my opinion asked
as to the best way to settle the present,
trouble, I would advise the officials of tlie
Burlington to accede at onco to the de.
mands ot tho engineers atid firemen upon
the basis paid thess men hy other corpora
tions having as extensive territory as the
Burlington. If this is impossible, then I
heartily agree with the ideas of Gov. I.ar
rnbee, advising a settlement by erbitra
tioo Immediately,
All the railroads terminating in Kast St.
Louis have stopped handling Burlington
freight. The meintors ot tho Brotherhood
ot Locomotive Engineers held a meeting
In Duluth recently to discuss matters per
taining to a striko. Chief Arthur in a re
cent interview unid:
I think the decision of the Iowa commis
sioners lias been eminently fair and im
partial. I also lolicve that the letter of
Gov. Larrabee of Iowa to President Per*
kins, ol the Burlington, will lie commend*
od by the business aud traveling public
not only in Iowa but throughout the coun*
try. The Burlington members of the
Brotherhood will tw sustained and
supported by tho entire organisa
tion just as long as the men
wish or require help and that is certainly
longer than tho can go without
through Iroight or fast passenger trains.
I havo only to say that tho nerve of these
men has and will bo d£hionstratod in this
•*Q" strike.
The situation in St. «Paul and Minne
apolis at the commencement ot the second
week of the strike is unchanged.
Orop litlmatas.
The statistical returns ol the depart*
-icaltttM for March relate tb
jmrffiflttflitlfS cohsuTffptfeSffbfwfteftt
nnd corn, the stock in fanners' hands, the
proportion of mercantile corn nnd average
prices respectively of merchantable and
unmerchantable. The corn crop Is
tho smallest since 1881, and the remain
der ot farms als the s?rallist in several
ytars. It Is estimated at fios,*
against tiott,000000 last year
nnd T'.KM'iOOjUOO two years ago* The In
dicated stoek of the wheat of ISKTiutho
hands ol the farmers was i:t^,000,000
bushels, against I22,ooo,oot) last year, or
2H per cent of the crop against «».7 per
cent last March. There has been used lit
siding of winter wheat SI-1,000,ouo bush
els, 187,000,000 iu eight, months' con
sumption, 0l 000j000 bushels exported In
niieitt and llodr :IS,0OO
visible sup
ply, and atl unusual qunntity of minor
elevators and mill stocks in the
course of distribution between farms and
loial consumption. Tho report of cotton
marketed was complete for eight states a
month ago, but for deferred returns from
the Caroiiuas aud Texas. The apparent
proportions forwarded from plantations
on the lirst of February were as follows:
Virginia, 00 per cent North Carolina,
South Carolina, t»Ji tteor^ia, 04
Florida, *7 Alabama, i»2 Mississip
pi, ItO Louisiana, Texas, !M Ar
kansas, 00 Tennessee. hS Mis
souri and Indian territarv, !»i. The gen
eral average 02 f»»»r cent.. Tins indicates
an increast of «»r -1 per cent on the ag
gregate of tho country estimates of the
first- of October, although tho February re
turns of estimated product compared with
that of IHNti were nearly identical with
the November returns. This furnishes a
further illuctration of the local tendoucy
to underestimate the production. It was
suggested in the November report that it
might be assumed that deep-rooted and
early and well-developed plants would
produce better than is expected in their
apparent loss of condition, and that it
should suppress this first estimate, the
excess might bo due to this cause. This
view was correct. An allowance for the
depression effect of panic iu local returns,
stoutly opposed by speculators, is again
found necessary. The quality of tho lilier
is superior, condition clean ami tho yield
of lint a littlo abovo :t2 per cent. The
valuo of seed averages lf» c«:nts a bushel
on the Atlantic, is 1o iu Mississippi, l-l in
Tennessee, in Louisiana aud 12 iu
Important Decision-
Some timo ago tho citizens of
Clitherall, Otter Tail county, en
tered a complaint with tho railway
commissioners against the Northern
Puttie Hailroad company. It seems that
sometime in the early winter the North
ern Pacific closed up the station
at Clitherall, claiming that the
business dono at that plare was
not sufficient to justify the ex
penditure. The commissioners havo re
cently handed down their decision iu the
matter. They hold that when a station
has once been located, a depot built' and
opened,and business men have established
themselves in business at that point, on
the supposition that the company would
maintain the facilities they found
there when they established them
selves, it is a great injustice to
those people for the cnmpntiy to practi
cally abandon such statiou. The report
continues: "We do not believe a railroad
company is justified in closing an estab
lished station tho moment it finds thattho
receipts are not up to the standard. In
view of all the facts, the commission rec
ommends that tho Northern Pacific Kail
way company reopen the station at
Clitherall and place an agent iu charge for
the transaction of business."
Germany's New Ruler.
Kinperor Frederick III. spent tho Inst
flight before his departure from Sau
Hemo to Berlin in quiet repose. In tho
morning ho drove to the station accom
panied by Kmpress Victoria, and took a
special train. The largest crowd ever seen
in .""'an l»emo gathered to witness the de
parture. Tho new F.mperor was enthu
siastically cheered by the crowd, and ho
repeatedly bowed his acknowledgments of
their greetings. The Kmperor looked well
except his complexion is somewhat yellow.
King Humbert, of Italy traveled from
Borne to San Pier d'Arena to meet tho
Kinperor Frederick. Kiuc Humbert entered
the Fmperor'scoach and embraced him.
Th Kmperor could notspeak bccauseofhis
sickness, but wrote many thankful notes.
Kmpress Kugeno 1 ranslated signs made by
the Kmperor and conversed with King
Humbert iu French. The silent parting be*
tween the two rulers was affecting. The
accession of Frederick III. to the throne
tends to strengthen the hope that, peace
will be maintained, the soldiers havo
taken the oath of allegiance to tho now
Death of Judge Palmer.
•fudge K.C. Palmer, on«' of the beat known
members of the St. Paul, Minn., bar, died
at Jacksonville, Florida, a few days ago.
Ho was born in Vermont about 1*25,
and was admitted to the liar of that state.
He came to £t. Paul, Minn., iu 1 NT* t, aud
in lir0 was a lieutenant in the Pioneer
guards. He was the first state jud^e of the
district court elected iu Minnesota, hav
ing been given that position in 1*57.
In lHf' he prepared the lie vised
Statute*, which rank attiMis the
bej»t. For many years he was attorney
for the Sioux City railway, after which he
looked after the interests in the First Na
tional bank of St. Paul, in thesaine capac
ity. He was a largo man. well developed
physically and a sound legal adviser. Ho
was a quiet man. a close student and an
upright judge. He had been south for
some timo on account of his health.
The St. Paul jobbers union save that
proposed legislation in congress will bo det
rimental to tho Northwest, it being re
garded as a direct blow to the "Soo" road
and tho interests of St. Paul and Minne
At Jcffersonville, Ind., a few days ago*
Macey Warner was hanjjod for tho murder
of Frank Harris, a fellow convict in tho
prison at South .leffersonville. Warner's
career was ono of crime almost since his
infancy. The crime for which he was serv
ing out a sentence of twenty-one years at
tho time of the hist killing was for tho
murder of Jacob Mandrev at Vincennes in
Tho crown prince of (formally becomes
Frederick III. by tho death of Kin
peror William.
While a good deal of attention has been
given to opium smuggling via Pucet sound
and the Canadian Pacilie railroad, the fact
has been overlooked that fur some timo
past smuggling has hi en extensively carried
on via the Tobacco Plains trail to Mon
tana aud by the Sand Point trail to
Spokane Falls and points alongthoNorth
ern Pacilie.
The recent storm exten led throughout
the entire Northwest, and was quite se
At New Km, Tenn.. Bufus Kittrell, a
merchant, aud his sou (ieorge quarreled
with a rival merchant named Ferris Krnu
stein and his son. A light followed. Old
man Kittrell was killed and young Kittrell
mortally wounded. It is alleged that tho
older Kittrell has killed seven men sincothe
war. The Kructeins acted iu self-defense.
John Pult/.ier, proprietor of the New
York World,has purchased a lot for$'»H0,-
and will erect a million dollar build
ing thereon.
At New York recently Arno O. Kbel shot
and killed a widow lady named Rosa
Schneider because she would not receive
his attentions.
The Ruler of Germany bios Surrounded by
Mis Family—Tlie Crown 1'rlnee ISecomes
Frederick HI.—Scenes In llerlln.
Emperor William
died at b:30.this mornimr. He died holding
the empress' hand Ho had been In a sttipor
since 3 o'clock. He was delirious for a brief
period at 0 o'clock, during which he is re
ported to have exclaimed:
am a man of
peace, but if Russia forces me to war, 1
faithfully side with my ally, Austria" The
niu|eror will be buried in the mausoleum at
Clmrlottebursr. tiye-witneeses Mate that
during the last few hours of his life the em
pe.ror suffered no pain. Snortly after 8
o'clock all the members of ilm family stay
ing at the pulacc, the court dignitaries, gen
erals and ministers of state were summoned
to tho chamber in wlitch tho emjieror lay
dying. The emperor was in a half
fitting position in a camp bedstead. All the
members of tho royal fainilv took places at
tho bedside. The room wits crowded, Prince
William stood nearest tho emperor, half
heading over tho couch. Ho earnestly
watched the face of the dying monarch until
ho expired. Tho remains lie ooveied with a
white cloth on the bedstead on which he
died iu the imperial chamber. The bouy Is
surrounded with candles. The expression of
tho face is extremely peaceful ami tdaeid
The followiug proclamation has been issued:
It has pleased Hod to call the empe.or and
knur, our most, gracious master, from life,
after a short illness and atlera richly blessed
reivrn. Tne whole nation mourns with the
royal liouse the deeeusc of the deeply be
ioved and venerah monarch whoso wisdom
has rul.ul so lontr ami gloriously over its
fortunes iu war aud iu pe:ee.
1 hi: or State.
The de.'ith of thecmpetor was announced
to the populace by the lowering to half
mast of the standard over the palace. Flags
at half-mast, are displayed on all the puhiic
buildings. Tlie bourse is closed. An im
mense concourse of people gathered outside
tUe palace.
At the opening of tlie lower house of tho
Prussian uicttu-day llerr Von Pultkamer,
vice president of the Prussian ministerial
council, said:
I have the sad duty to make a most, pain
ful communication to the house. It has
pleased Ooii to call his majesty the emperor,
iu the twenty-eighth year of Jiis glorious
reign, from his earthly existence by a peace
ful death at K:U0 o'clock this morning. Von
will not cxpeo me at this tnosi solemn mo
ment, when sorrow- and
care so deeply stir
hearts, to aUempi to depart the feeling
with which the whole nation is tilled through
the lo.-s of our most beloved, exalted ami
venerable emperor. I may, however, safely
and coutideutiv say on this day of sore trial
that the PrusMau people ami their repre
sentatives will now, more than over, be pen
etrated by the consciousness that the sor
rows of our exalted sovereign's house are
theirs, and that the deeper the universal pain
at the decease of our ever-remenibereU king,
tne stronger and more mdhsn.uble will be
the link uniting Prussia's sovereign house
and Prussia's people iu good and evil days. 1
leave it to yourselves to take such resolu
tions as are suitable to the gravity of the sit
llerr Von Koellcr, the president of the
house, closed the silting with the words:
"tied protect the royal house and the Father
Tho rcichstag assembled at PJ:!»()p. in.,
amid unusual excitement 111 the lobbies. It
had been agreed that the ringing of the bell,
the customary signal for the assembling of
Lhe members, should be stopped, aud tlnit
he deputies should enti'r the liall quiet'y
iiid without ceremony. All tho benches
.he houso ware speedily tilled, and the tral.
cries were crowded. Profound sib nee
•edited. The plenipotentiaries rnvatid
Prince liisiuarck in the lobby, and as soon
is ho arrived they went with linn to the b-ili
Df the 1'e leiai couueil, where thev held a
private conference. At IIM.O tin members
jt the councd entered the rMi:hsia^, :itiI
:00k positions to the lei I. or' the presidential
shair. Immediately at .erw.-ird the president
wasealled away for an interview with J'nnre
Bismarck. A? ILMI'J liismarek appeared,
ind the member^ rose in a body. 1
lie elian
jelior, after a pau-e, said:
The sad duty devolves upon me of making
to you an oUieial eommuuio ition of what
you know already—that since n» o'eioek
tns imijesty. Kinperor William, lia^ been a'
rest wiui his fathers. In consequence of
this event tho Prussian throne, aud with
chis, according to article eleven of the im
perial constitution, the imperial dignity, has
fallen upon hi* majesty. l-Ycderick III king
of Pi ussta. The telegraphic mteili^.-nc-.' re
ceived hy me allows of the asKump:in tln.t
Ills majesty, the reigning1 emperor and king,
will leave San Itemo to-morrow, arriving in
due course in Merlin. Ihirimr the last dav*
or his life I received from the mueti
iumented kintr a confirmation of the power
for work which only left wkh his lite, the
Rignature which lies before me. and widen
empowers mo to close the rcichtag
at the usual time when its labors
are linished. I addressed to the emperor
the request that ha should sign only
with tho tirst letters of his name. JJis
majesty replied that he believed himself still
able to write his name iu full. In conse
quence of this the historical document with
the last signature of his majesty lies before
me. Under the circumstances I assume it
would he in uccordancu with the wish of the
reichstag, as well as of the representatives
of tho federal government, not. to separate
fust now, but to remain in session until after
the urrival of his majesty, the emperor. 1
therefore do not make, unyuseof the Im-
perial authorization beyond depo^itinir it
master, the departure of the tir.st German
emperor from our inulst, fills rue.
There is, in fact, no need of it,
for the feelings which animate me iive iu the
heart of every German, ilut there is one
thiug which I believe 1 should not conceal
from you. It docs not concern my senti
ment*, but my experience. It is the fact
that amid the sore visitations with which
An effort Is bein-i made to have a speedy
settlement ot the Behring sea dispute
fort the coming eeeelon ot parliaments
he ru'er just departed lived to .-en his house
dll-eted, there were two circumstances
winch Jilicd him with satisfaction and com
for*. One of them was the effort that the
sufferings of his only son and successor, our
present sovereign lord, had produced not
only in Oermany bur in every part of tlie
has acquired among all nation* This is tbo
legacy which tho emperor's long reign be-
ueaths to the Get man people. The con h
wbch bis dynasty has won will be
transferred to the nation, despite anything
that has happened.
The bouse received the communication
with evident satisfaction, the more so be
cause llerr Von Puttkamer in announcing
tho death of Lhe emperor to the lower house
of the diet hud not alluded to the new em
peror. Thin otnlnsion had created painful
impression. The reichstag adjourned for on
indefinite period.
The new kirn? was proclaimed Frederick
IIL Ho signs ^Frederick," without reference
to emneror or kiug. The chancellor bus re
ceived the following telegram from Emperor
Sun Itemo, March 0. At this moment of
deepest sorrow at the decease of the em
peror ami king, my beloved father. I must
express my thanks to you and to the min
isters of state for tho devotion and loyalty
with which you all served him. I rely upon
the assistance of you all in the aVduous
charire which has devolved upon mo. I
leave here to-morrow.
The emperor has also forwarded the fol
lowingordinance to tho minister of state
the subject of public mourning:
With regard to t.he national mourning
which baa heretofore been customary, we
witl not
Qftltj.Anv pfQTflyjnn, bur, will rather
leave it to.every Cterman'todetermine
he will sivc expression to hi* affliction at the
death ot such a inouarch, and how long be
will deem it appropriate to restrict partici
pation iu public entertainments.
Frederick III.* the statu Crown Prior* anil
Now ICuipriMr-lli4 son, trinco Wdliatu.
Frederick William Nicholas Com ic.*, im
perial princc of Germany and crown prince
Prussia,who uovv becomes cmpn»r under
thetitlcof Frederick Jll, is the e'de-u son
tho deceased Wiliiaui. The prince
was born ut the now palace iu Potsdam, Oct.
18, 1SJM, entered tlie iniHl'iry service at an
early age, rose to the rank of general, and
held numerous important appointments. In
lSOO, during the Austro.Prussian war, he
led au army
1-j.OOO men from Siiesia
through the passes of the Sudetic hilN, au
operation of great dilHcultv aud danger.
His march from Miletan to Konig^r .!/. aud
his victories in P.ohemia established bis
reputation .s an energetic command' r. In
tho war between (iernu.nv aud France he
ucted a most conspicuous part. 111 the mtler
part of July. 1*70. lie was on the llhinc
frontier with I^OO.OUO men aud oOO lmius of
the Third Army corp*. Aug. -I be de
feated portion ot Marshal Mac
Mahon's corps under (leu. Douay, and on the
Ctti attacked the united jirmy corps of
Generals .Mae.Mahou, Fnilly and Omrnbetf,
drawn into position at Woerth. The French
line was turned at two points and their left
and center broken. At S.uian lie again at
tacked MacMabon. lie onterod Versailles
Sept. L'O, and from there thiew* Ids troops
around Paris and remained iu positiou until
the conclusion of peace. Oct. i.'S lie wus
created afield marshal of Prussia, and Nov.
a Russian field marshal. Alter the termi
nation of tho war he visited F.ngland, ac
companied by his ife. Princes* Adelaide of
of Great Itritaiu. to whom he in married
Jan. iiS. 1 h~»S. His wile is thecidesi daugh
ter of yuecn Yiciorhi, and the pair have
seven children, b. sides several erandclul
dren. Frederick Hi. is the idol the (ier
mftu army, ami, idthnueh lis views are
looked upon with disfavor bv iSismurck,
cherishes democratic ideas. II-»1sof a very
studious nature. Frederick III. has for
year or more suffered from a disease of sup
posed cancerous nature, and it is generally
conceded that but lew months, at most, are
lei'., for him.
Prince William, the eldest, son of Frederick
William, aud the future heir to the German
tbruiie, received the tnle of major general
as^i birthday prescul from tlie emperor Jan.
i!7. The advanced age of the monarch, and
the frail condition of the crown prince's
health, had much to do wit the irrnndson's
rapid promotion. Tw» ve:.r airo—in is now
twentv-ninc—Piinco Wiiliam ranked only as
a major, ami people looked with sui prise at
the slow ness with which he advance 1, vet all
praised the thoroUL'hncss of his military ed
ucation. Innumerable princelings were then
libovo him. as well as untitled men ot not
much lonirer service, for a Prussian prince
receives ids straps at the aire of ten. Ilo
was compelled to work, says
recent biog­
rapher, like the reht of his comrudes, equally
subject to military discipline. Early anil
late be was with his regiment, ordered about
an ordinary major. He is slender
in build and shorter in stature than
Ids brother, the '"Naval iloheuKollem."
His rlirht baud is badly crippled and
his right arm two inches shorter than his
left Yet the skill lie possesses is reinaika
bie. lie carries Ins sword upon parade as
well as auy oflicer, and has become a most
excellent fencer, rides like a Cossack ami
hhoots with unerring aim. No otliccr in the
army is more popular, aud none is more
dewr. lie h.is a p.« a*unt word for ail, and
cracks his joke w.th the common man us
tliouirh he were of h:s number. Ill* train
ing has been very democratic. He attended
school at Cassei, boarding with ono of the
teachers, and treated ex-iotly as ono of the
other bo\s. Taking his lunch one day he
lio'-jced one ot his comradc- ta'in^f the
black biead which the pooler classes use
in Germany. Wishing-to ta^te it, he oifered
to "trail'-." with the bov—the son of a po«»r
mocluuie. It. picas? the prince's palate so
much that he 'made 'in agreement to ex
l•hnui^, lunches with the bov every dav, aud
thenceforward always teay.. 1] upon the
black breid baKed in t-je Ii.mi-co: the me
chanic. lie was unniuatcd after s-vcral
years at t.'assid anion.'1 1 he hiM in hiscias.
ile afterward—a* »stne II.iIi-iizk! i-ni cus
tom—attended the ut iv.-r*.' av l!*n:i, and
joined the famous Saxo l^rrn^s. corps
oyer whose annual u»oc:iiii.« be pr» sj.b-s. 'I lie
German pep look upon I'rince \V:lliam as
the wearer of the mantle ot Fr- -l.-iic.k the
Great, and believe him dc-tincd to tullil the
cherished hopes of Gefmanv, further the
plans of iSism-irol an I Moitke, and cement
tho union ol' the J'atlieri.iud
Old Virginia Days.
In he letters of the "I'ri'.isli Spy,'
written 1-y William Wirt, there is an
ornate description ot "l»!m«i Preach
er" whose wonderful eloquence* held,
spell-bound, the congregation of a rus
tic meet ine-house in Augusts
1, Va.
This "Wind Preacher'' was the Kev.
James Waddell, whose sijhl has been
destroyed by cataract. A*, the time
wiicu he i»i caciid in .S'aiuiton, In-fore
his biin«lnos, h*. wa. the. cauu of a
small "scandal" amonu his narrow
in ii id cd a ml con!
ent ions I
I)urin^ his residence in lower Virginia
he good clergyman bad in come fondoi
coll'ee. After his removal to Staunton
he cofit inued to nso the beverage.
As eolYee was seldom used in the val
ley, some of tin- church members
thought, it to lie their duty to rebuke
the minister lor indulging in «-l worldly
luxury. Ju order to strengthen their
case they allirmed that he drank cof
iec not only on week days, but on Sun*
day mornings also, ami bat hot colTee
on the holy day constituted a flagrant
Tho good man listened to their accu
sation and then quietly asked, "What
do you have for your breakfast on
Sunday mornings?"
"Mush and milk,'' they answered.
"Is the mush cold or hot
"Hot, of ton rse."
"Well," answered the minister,
smiling at their fall into bis trap,
"when you have cold mush on Sun
day, I will drink cold colTee."
Another anecdote illustrative o!
those early days in Virginia is associ
ated with the late Rev. Dr. Archibald
Alexander, of Princeton S
who married a daughter of the "Blind
It was common lor vessels coining
from Enuland to Virginia to brini?
"Redenipt ionui-s," who wero techni
cally knowiwiH "imU'iitiuvil servants,"
because they were hound to serve
the archives/is an historical document and
requesting your president to iu luce the
adoption of resolutions which will rdlect
the feeling aud "onvietion of the roiehstag.
It does not become me to give from this ot
ficj.al phice expression to the personal feel
ings with which the decease of
received this very day from Xcw
Vork a telegram of sympathy, showing
•ronttdene.* tb* dynasty
of ibis
imperial house
la oomptote, *nd mil Mippltot! with lata*
type. Oui»Iwiwi«Ioimiii«
Blatant with lacitlinat* butem.
We kwp oonaUatlr on hud Imk Hi
atock of letter ba*aa, not* hrada, MU
monthly lUtanmU. flat cape, (toteoap, toMi
on abort not
^e keep oa band a full line of Laial Blanka.
Abstract of the Proo99dlm» otthi
Senate and Houai*
The clAlm ol .lames Do
vine ol Madella,
Minn., was favorably reported Irom the
cominittoe on war rbiimn. Thin one of
Mr. Liud'a vases which be liatf ]o»lu)d vi^«
Tho omnibiiB wnr claimn bill panned tho
bonne. Some debate took olaee over ai»
amendment, «bicli
adopted, *npiro*
ftriating $20,000 for the relief of the l'rrtt
eHtant Kpmcopal theological nemiimry
ai.d high ochool of Virginia, whose proper
ty wan damaged during the war*
ftot in scsNion. •*.
Mr. Dawe.V two bills providing penalties
for treHpAHuiig on Indian land* and for
cutting timber oa Indian reservations were
passed without discussion.
The hoitse had under consideration the
bill to allot lands In severalty to the unit*
cd Miami and Peoria tribes in IndiaaTti*
ritory, and along dincussiou •naued*^^-
Tbe presideatmadsthe followingnomina
tionn Kcgwt.er of land offices, If. if.
Mickman, at Crookston, Minn. Robert L.
Tidwick, at liH Moines, Iowa David .I.
Wilcox, receiver of public moneys, at Wal
la Walla, Wash. Michael f\ Santley of
Kentucky. aHuociato jimtice of theHupremc
:ourt if Wyoming William M. PutcclJ,
I'nitfd States attorney for Dakotu. Con
4uIh: Frederick W. L. lbittorliold of New
Vork, at Ghent .lames lb t'ollin, of Massa
luiHctts, at St. Helena A. .1. Jones, of Uli*
Hi, at Jtarragv-jll.-i.
In a Hpcech Mr. Colquitt said that the
presitb ni'M message had made a profound
.ttipruMrtion at homo and abroad and had
vieivt.'d tho hearty iiidornenient ol wise
itid iudit ious meti everywhere.
The Huntington bill, providing for tho
U'it!t'i»ent of the 'cntral Pacilie Kailroad
:om|mn debt was introduced in both
IOIIMC4 of con^r^s.
The s»natt hnn contiriacd Charles 8.
,'ary of
York Hol'citor of the treasury,
ind Ucv. John T. Polnhia ol Minnesota
Amoni the bills and resolutions intro*
luced \v«-re the following: Directing the
vmrnfiffee on agriculture to inquire in
:o the espi-diftn-y of prohibiting the flair*
a compound f«*r pure lard. Kr the for
••ih.jv oi tlji* lln4tiu::M Dakota railroad
and ^M*ant. iri Minni'sota. Kelalinu' to tar
fi and internal taxation he Hambilf
illi. Providing fur a commission to in
t'csti^ate trn*t* and for the repeal of the
rotcel ive tariff on all industries belong*
nt: to trusts.
Mr. Ilavno of Pennsylvania, rising in tho
loiirie to a '{Mention of privileges, offered a
treatable and resolution recitiinj that it
awm ntnted that tho majority of the coin
uitloe 011 ways and means bad not only
•cfused ornl hearings to producers, maou
'acturers and worUin^meu, but bad denied
111 a birthright, to havo their peti
tions read, and directinuthe committee on
*ules to ini|uire into the* matter. Mr.
Ib-eekenrid^ of Kentucky raised a point of
irder annuel the resolution that it was
lot priviledgi'd, and the speaker pro tein
Uistained lie point.
A Kenate jint. resolution for investigate
in he prael irabillty of constructing reser
voirs for the storage of waters in the arid
regions of tho United States was adopted.
Mr. Hale called up iu the senate tho
-esolutinn offered by him for the appoint
iient of a special committee to exaiiiino
ally into the present condition of the civil
service in all branches of the government.
Mr. I'oekrell offered an auiendinentextend*
ng the inquiry of the instances of pernici
»us partisan activity of republican oili
:ials since the executive order of President
Hayes of June, 1 *77—particularly in the
^residential elections of 1N*) and 1MM4.
The amendment was defeated by a strict
»arty vote—yeas L'l, nays and the
original resolution was adopted.
The secretary of the treasury sent to tho
louse a letter from tho acting secretary of
var asking that au appropriation of
(o.ihio bo made for the purchase of certain
amis near Port Meade. Dak., on which
iprings are located, for the purpose ol ob
taining a supply of water for the military
post at that point.
for the erection of an armory gun
'actory and to provide lor tho public do*
"enSOB were reported.
Ohio, Vermont and Montana want aa
increase of duty on wool, ami their peti
tions wore presented.
Mr. Ilrown of (ieorgia, spoke on his
'(•solution favoring a repeal of internal
•••venue duties.
The undervaluation bill was considered
it ItMi^'th.
Mr. Dawes said that before the bill for
the admission of South Dakota as a state
tvus taken up for action he would ask the
-untc to pass the house bill for the divis*
on of the great Sioux reservation in Da
Speaker «'uriislo was in his seat.
A bill was passed appropriating $5,000
to enable the president to extend to the
inhabitant* of Tancitnistna, Japan, a suit*
it'lo recognition of their humane treat
incut of the survivors of the crew of the
American bark a-diaiere.''
The claim of Hannah Jones, for cotton
.lestroyeit at Mobile during tho war. ami
which belonged to he deceased husband,
who was a Hritish subject, was discussed
at length and then laid aside.
Crowth of Speech in a Child.
From the Open fourt.
The babe's first cries
iu eliminating
stipulated time to i.uy or "redeem"
the cost o- their rjinsjiortation.
Some of these *,lIelemjitioner.s" were
convicts bunhelied to America for
crime but all of them were sold, and,
for the timo living, treated as slaves.
educated man \va- occasionally
tound amoni them, and he was
ly souuht after by planter.-
children to educate. One of this
of "indentured servants,"
Irishman named Keardon,
was pur.
chased by l»r. Alexander's father,
cave the lad his early instruction
are purely in-.
i»t illative, and therefore purely
Its consonants arc in and 6,
and liquids—used with the open vow-!
ul.s. It does not use the genial
liturle, nor for many week* the frontal
brain. Its second list of sounds
farther back and nro
ol the .simph'st sort.
goo, gutturals
bear in mind that th• babe ouunicaily
follows historic evolution
and is an
epitome of past pro-ires*.
So, also in
bis speech he moves on and
pathway of
over the
past and reviews
all. An intelligent child expresses
probation and disapprobation
by the
same sounds that are used by
hardly uses
cerebrated sounds at
all. The refine­
ment of languages has ever
to use his bands
the animal inheritance.:
The child's use of gestures is also in
herited. He does
need to learn
to secure
strength to diract them. HU
play is
first purely
animal frolic,
in shouts and shrieks that
be does
find necessary to
his enjoyment.
His laushim*
ing can
and cry­
be understood
as lan­
guage, as they surely are also
Air. MacDonald introduced a bill to for
feit the lauds granted to Minnesota to aid
iu tho construction of the hasting* & Da
kota railroad. The bill is preceded by a
preauibto stating tin* terms of the grant,
aud the failure of tin-company to construct
or complete its road to the western bound
ary of the state, and that it has also sold
and disposed of its railroad ami every
thing appertaining thereto except its rights
to said lands, and that the company has
been decided by the supreme court of Min
nesota to have forfeited its charter and to
be disolved, except that for a few months
longer it is permitted to close up its busi­
The steamer City of Exeter sank in Bris
tol channel. Only one seaman was saved.
Three car loads of emiurants from Iowa
Falls and Parkersburj Iowa, arrived by
the cntral road to locate near Sioux
Falls, 1). T. They report a hundred other
families preparing to follow soon.
At Milwaukee, since last November the
National Brewers' union has paid $80,000
to i-lie members of the brewers' utiion ol
that city. The amount is being increased
at the rate of $1,~)00 per week. Ahout225
of ilt union men are still unemployed.
After serving out his time Reardon
enlisted in the imnyof tlie Revolution
and was wounded in a battle in Nortn
Carolina. On his discharge he return
ed to Augusta, where
taught school
lor many years.—Youth's Compan
Sullivan scouts th idea ol his leaving
tie* pri..e rinj, and says he is prepared to
in.'ct anybody immediately, Mangus, at
-. hn*«) house Sullivan i-stopping, offers
to I -1
ck S'dli'. aa against Mitchell for £&,•
ti^lit in a *i\teen-foot ring. He
he will bet 1.1,'km* additional that
Mill knock out Mitchell within
forty minutes.

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