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The pioneer express. [volume] (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]) 1883-1928, August 29, 1890, Image 1

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THE PIONEER EXPBESS
I» Published
E E I A O N I N
AT PEMBINA, K. D.
ward
well Thompson, Pabiiihwi
Babierlptloa, $2 Per Abiim(U Unmet
jnj^m^SoiSooffi I^b'ln^oDn?Tr»nd tj»
V"1®^«o»«^ Wiwrtlii*1n»
jmbttean pripetpTqi, liegui&r commaDlcfttiotu
from aU parte ot the county published mSSff
Spiff Dakota.
14 hM
bo tquab
THE NEWS DIGEST.
Interesting News of tlio Week
Boiled Down and
Classified.
THE NATION'S CAPITAL.
The in vest iff ft! ion of the charges of mal
feas
ance ugaitiHt IVimion Commissioner Kaum is
begun by a committee ol the house.
The president has approved tUescntenc* of
dismissnl in the cpsu of Capt. Alonzo IC.
Miltiuorc, of the quartermaster'!* depart
ment, who was recently convicted by court
martial of falsifying his accounts.
PEOPLE. OF NOTE.
The Nebraska state Democratic conven
tion has nominated James E. Boyd for gov
ernor.
General MuHter Workman Powderly ap
peals to the country on behalf of the New
York Central strikers.
Henry M. Stanley says that France, En
gland and Germany ought to co-operate in
the work of civilizing Africa.
Maj. Powell, of the geological survey, re
ceives a serious setback. An amendment to
the sundry civil bill greatly reduces the
amountof money at his disposal.
Itev. f)r. Hunter, over seventy years old
and considered among tho foromont preach
ers in the South: has boon stricken with
paralysis at Little Hock. He was chosen
United States senator in 1880, but declined
the office.
Patrick Harris, tho well known theater
tram) ummigw formerly St, Paul,
until recently the owner of the Harris
«ter in St. Paul died suddenly at Buy
side, L. I., Mr. Harris* real name was Kgau,
P. F. Egan of St Paul Ireing his brother.
MINOR ACCIDENTS.
ID Denver, J. \V. Dawson, an electric lamp
trimmer, was killed while changing carbons
in an arc lipht.
Three pci-son* are killed and a large num
ber injured by a ruiiroud collision near Al
ton, ill.
1 The fire in the Dunbar (Pu.) mine, in which
thirty-one lives were lost, is still burning,
and has caused a loss thus far of over $100,
000.
The schooner Itichard Thompson, from
Picton, P. E. I., with a cargo o'* coat, has
been missing, and is supposed to have beeu
lost, together with the entire ciew.
The stream barge Mouitor oft'hicngo foun
dered off Racine, Wis., but the crew nine
and three passengers were suved after a ter
rible experience with the wind and waves in
a small boat.
W. H. Walker, a well known business roan
of Eugene, Or., was shot and killed while
hunting, being mistaken lor a deer. Mr.
Walker formerly livod at Fort Atkinson,
Wis.
A cyclone swept, through the canton of
Vaud, Switzerland, doing an immense
amount of damage. Tho villages of Lavalle
and Ionx wen* devastated, and wholo forests
were destroyed, Muny persons were injured.
The storm lasted three minutes.
Corporal Nichols, a diver in the English
coal engineers, whilo in 100 feet o: water olT
the coast ot Nova Scotia, had attached a
rope to a heavy anchor to have it hauled to
the sur.'ace, when the rope in some way be
cume tangled in his gear, lie cut it it order
to get air, und the anchor fell upon hi ra aud
killed him.
WAYS OF THE WICKED.
The wife and daughter of W. F. Horton
nre drowned in Sr. J'aul, and Jlorton is ar
rested on suspicion of having
murdurud them.
Phelps Porriu, the Hurlev. Wis., bank rob
ber, is sentcneud to live years in the peniten
tiary.
The accused Minneapolis enumerators are
arrested in St. Paul on the charge of con
spiracy aud are bound over to the grand ju
ry which will moot iu Septetn bet-.
Pud Harris made two attempts to hang
Nellie Taylor, an inmate of a Chicago house
of ill fame. She will probably die irom the
chock to her nervous system.
Nuuieious burglaries were committed ill
Mason City Iow:i, $1.r»0 being stolen of (J. O.
Biager and several gold watches and purses
were taken. No due to the thief.
In Nca York Charles Webster, an ad,or who
traveled last year with a Whiteslave" com
pany, shut and instantly killed an engineer
named Hubert MrNcill, whom lie suspected of
iui'rnavy with Mrs. Webster.
George liaildcii. alive stock dealer of Tar
kio. Knii., huh knocked down and robbed in
the middle the day iu the he art. of St. Jo
seph. Mo., by two negroes, whom he engaged
to help hiin unload his stock.
Onirics Oswoid, a brakeman who had t.tk
en the place oi a striker, was found dead on
his train when it reached New York the
other night. There was a mark on the head
that had beonmade by a brick .or other
missile.
Several whit* men working in the mines at
Johns, Ala.,
engaged in a general quarrel. A
number of them escaped to the entrance of
the mine, and as soon as a miner appeared
at the opening he was promptly struck down.
Four o: the men will die from iaeturcd skulls.
An excursion train on the llaltimorck
Ohio was thrown irom the track by wreckers
near l'ii tsdiurir. Engineers Sullivan aud
Daniel (inodwiu and a tramp were killed.
The passengers escaped with slight bruises.
No clue to the perpetrators
The court martini which has been trying
the persotiK implicated iu the riot at the Ar«
meninu ehurch at Koomkah, Turkey, has
condemned tfit? ring leaders to death and
sentenced the others to terms of imprison
ment ranging irotn six to lifteen years,
In .lajniu a young innn was jealous of his
wi, been me intoxicated, and a'ter murder
ing her ran amuck through the street, and
before h« was overpowered killed eight per
sons, fatally v/oundej four und soriously in
jured four. He finally foil dead,covered with
spear and knife wounds.
Two burglars and a prisoner name 1 Drin
coll, held for stubbing a lumberman, at
tempted to escape from the jail at Florence
Wis. Deputy Sheriff Keys was knocked
down and the keys taken from him. Keys
recovered and killed Priseoll with one shot.
Tin? other two succeeded in esca ping.
At Lake Side Park, a summer resort near
Goshen. lud William Taylor killed WjHium
Barber, said to be a Chicago business man,
with an ax. The two men were paying at
tention to the same lady and the murder
was committed while Barber wus walking
with her.
Jn the trial in Louisville of Peter McCrary.
who shot and seriously wounded Annie Stak
en some time ago. the latter evaded the
questions asked her when on the stand,
nnd Mct'rary will probably go fr*e. It is un
derstood that before the shooting Mi* Sunk
en tried in every way to break tho rnarriag*
engagement between them, but that now she
lias derided co marry her would-beinurderer.
Mark Holston, a prominent electrician in
Dee Moines, Iowa, was arrested by Fr?d N.
Webht-r, special pension examiner. He is
charged ivith forging the nameu ofPortland,
Ore., people to pension papers and securing
several thousand dollars fraudulently from
the government. United States officials
linve i»een on his track lor the past year,
liolston hi* eight wives living—two in Iowa,
two in llliuoia. two in Missouri and two in
Oregon—und has been divorced from none of
them.
FROM FOREIGN SHORES.
Thefnminefeverhasappenred in tho Blask
«*t island on the coast of Ireland.
The Brussels Nord declares that the night
mare of a war in Europe husent irely vanish
ed both politically and commercially.
Tho Behring sea question seem* likely to
be settled soon by the total extintion of the
ncals. due to the industry of the Cauadiaa
poachers.
The Paris Figaro says that the count of
Paris will probably abandon his proposed
visit to the United States, owing to the feel
ing in Paris against the McKinley bill.
The (Juebcc Canadian appeals to the lead
«rs of the Ottawa aud Quebec governments
to provide work for tho inhabitants of the
counties below Quebec, whose crops are
total failure.
VOLUME XII.
Another New York heiress is about to mar
ry a title. An announcement reached the
American legation in London that Hiss An
nle, daughter of Hey ward Cutting, is engaged
to Baron Vewier, of Bruseels, Belgium.
Eight thousand miners have gone oat on
a strike in the Boringe district, Belgium.
The movement is expected to assume greater
proportions as socialist leaders are actively
fomenting discontent among the men.
Advices from various parts of Belgium
combine in furnishing evidence that the agi
tation for uuiversal suffrage now in progress
in that- kingdom iB rapidly increasing in in
tensity and scope and must inevitably lead
to a revolution.
An English syndicate operating in Aus«
traian Silesia has found an euormous field ol
coat, extending through a vast tract of
country offering excellent facilities for mar
keting the output. Thedeposit is declared by
experts to be almost inexhaustible. Work
will be begun at once to mine the coal, for
which purpose thousands ol men will be in
demand.
HERE AND THERE.
The pauic among the Christian inhabitants
of Armeuin is spreading. Hundreds are Heo
ing to Persia.
The sultan of Morocco has secretly van
qished the rebels at Zemmour, beheading
eighty of ttiem.
The Canadian Pacific contemplates buying
Uussell Sage's Shorn Line railway, and thus
secure a line from ocean to ocean.
The greatest oil producing well in the world
has been struck near Findlny, Ohio. It flow
ed over one thousand barrets the first hour.
At the opening of the campaign in Speaker
Itod'e district Henry Cabot Lodge of Massa
chusetts made an elaborate defense of the
national election hill.
The state supreme court pronounces it a
misdemeanor to sell baking powder contain
ing alum unless tho packages have a label
stating the fact.
J. G. Stearns, one of the tending Iruit
growers in Michigan, suys ttint the failure of
peaches, apples and pears has not been so
disastrous in twenty-five years,
A dispatch from Montevideo says that the
linaiiicai situation in 1'ruguuy is worse. Na
tional bank shares have falleu to 21. Gold
is quoted ut 43V(T per cent premium.
Cholera is spreading inNagaski and other
Japanese cities, the total deaths thus far
reaching MO, aud hasnppeared on
a Turkish
frigate in Yokohama harbor.
The Now York Central railway strikers in
troduce nn innovation. Being dissatisfied
with the newspaper reports, they issuo news
bulletins of their own.
Margaret Solomon, better known as Moth
er Solomon, the last of the tribe ot Wyan
dotte Indians, died in her home near 1'pper
Sandusky, Ohio. She was the last of a great
Indian race.
A few weeks ago a supposed silver mine
was discovered at Plcasantville, N. J. Ex
perts who havf assayed samples of the ore
claim that it contains enough silver to pay
for working it.
The Republican congressional convention
of the Twentieth Ohio district has peached
its 208th ballot without a choice. It is one
of the longest deadlocks ever knowu in the
state.
The Philadelphia company, which has a
monopoly of the business of supplying nat
ural gas in Pittsburg and Allegheny, hne
given notice of nn increase ol 25 per cent in
the price of natural gas to the mills and fac
tories. Tiie object is to make the large con
cerns return to the use of coal.
A small sloop of about five tons owned by
John Hnrtman ol Iroudate, Wash., has been
seized by thecustomsnnthorities at Victoria,
B.C. The vessel's name is unknown. She
was found at anchor in a small bay about
five miles rom the city. The owner appeared
to claim her, saying he had been up coasting
Thisesplanation was
not deemed satisfactory
and the matter has been referred to the cus
toms depnrtmeut at Ottawa.
Something to Avoid.
A little personal pique, a bit of woundeo
vanity, a sudden llatneof anger, often un
does the most substantial and faithful
work, and nullijics the most intelligent and
wi.su action. It is one of tho painful thing?
in experience that effort is often defeated
by these small, purely personal and often
momentary feelings, which are generall
unintelligent and unwise. Life would b«
freed from some of its most painful features
if men always acted to each other on a basis
of real justice and intelligence, and left
their small personal feelings and prejudices
out ot sight. A man's work ought to be
judged by itself and for itself alone, and the
strength of a man's position ought to rest
solely on what he is able to do. And yet
most of us are constantly neutralizing the
hc4t work of others because it is not done
in our way, and are constantly failing to do
1
justice to others because of small personal
prejudice aguinst them.
The really strong, dear-sighted man is
the one-who is able to put himself out ol
the question and to judge others by what
they reallv are and do, not by their relations
to him. In this working world there
is nei
thcr time nor strength to heal ways coddling
our small vanities and still sinu'lier preju
dice.-. The world does not stand in order
that we may be ideased. It stands as a place
for the doing of honest work in the best
way. and if that work can be better done in
.' sonic other way than the OIK we prefer, our
business is to let it be done and rcjoiccin it.
if you wisli to see things clearly, and to be
just with your icllowmen. keep clear of the
I fumes oi vanity and the thick atmosphere
of mere personal feeling. Make it a rule to
see what a man is aud docs, and to value
him by these tilings. A person may be vety
distasteful to us and yet be eminently use
ful and successful iu the worId.—(Christiuu
1'niou.
Salting Butter.
The excellence of the butter n.ade from
the fragrant pastures can only be preserved
for any length of time by the best methods
of churning und salting. Butter that other
wise might be classed as good is often re
duced to ai) infenor grade by the manner
in which it is treated at the time of salting.
A great ileal of butter is overchurned. by
which it is pounded into a creamy, pasty
condition, exactly the opposite of what ft
should be. To get the best results from
stilting butter the churning should stop
when it lias fairly granulated. At this
stage the buttermilk should be drawn off
and the butter washed with cold water
or cold, weak brine until it runs off clear.
Then strong, clear brim? may be poured on,
to remain until the butter has absorbed
enough of the salt, or tine, dry salt—one
ounce to the pound—should be sifted on
ami worked in so that
it will dissolve. After
this alight second working should be given
to clear it of any buttermilk that may be
drawn out by this salting. Throughout the
entire process the utmost care should be
taken not to break the grain of the butter.
Flax For Fibre.
Whenever Yankees turn their attention
to flax for its fibre we are likely to make
our own linens. .Some changes in thepres
ent method- of trowing tlax for seed will
be required, but it is a mistake to suppost
that the seed and fibre tuav not be vafuable
from the same plant. It should neither be
cut green nor let till dead ripe. In one
ease the seed is imjunturc, and in the other
the tibre is of little value. Flax must be
sown pretty thickly for libre. This pre
vents it from branching, and makes a
straight, thin stalk. Land must be rich
enough to grow flax thirty inches high,
but new land does not bring fibre so good
as that which iias been some years culti
vated. As a good deal of the
flax grown in
the West has been sown on raw prairie as
its lirt crop, this mav explain why at
tempts to use the tlbre have not been more
successful. It has also been so^vn very
thinly, partly to economize seed, but more
to have the stalks branch and produce
more gram than they would growing more
closely together.
Crowing Flax and Barley.
Through some mistake a quantity of flax
seed was sown with barley a few years ago.
Though the tlax grew so small that it wus
hardly discernible, yet thare was an extra
large oarlcy crop, not at all injured bv the
growth of the flax, as the farmer thought.
The piece sown was excespiveiy rich for
barley, and it is quite possible that the flax
by exhausting the soil kept the barley
trom too luxuriant a growth, and thus
made tlie barley crop fill tter than it
otherwise would. At any rate, when thresh
ing time cante the farmer found fulfv as
large a barley yield as lie had expected, and
about ten bushels of flax seed ready cleared
and delivered in the screening box.
it
.. ..
KNIGHTS APPEAL.
Powderly Makes a Statement
of the €ause of tlie
Strike.
Tlie Executive Board Have no
Alternative But to Stand
by tlie Men.
New York, Aug. 21.—This day has been
to the labor leaders here like a pause in
battle. Rather say, it has beeu to tlicm a
day of preparation after thedcclaration and
before tho set-to. Never before lyis
Mr. Powderly, the head of the Knights,
been personally in the heat of a
contest like tlie one believed to be
coming, lie never yet has ordered a
strike,
aud feels some pride in the record of peace
which he feels is his. There's little doubt,
however, about his determination iu this
case. His men say he is here to stay, and
the executive board suys its headquarters
during the
strike, if oue is ordered, will be
in this city.
It is clear that Mr. Powderly and his
cabinet intend, if thestrike is made general,
that the responsibility shall be. brought
just as close as possible to the rank and tile.
This purpose underlies the orders of the
board to Master Workman Lee to convene
his district usscmbly, also the order which
has gone up the river to Albany
to convene their district assembly
ou Monday. At these meetings
the local assemblies will voice their dispo
sition as to a general strike, aud the result
will be that a fair consensus of opinion
among the men may bo had. The Federa
tion's supreme boity will not meet till Sat
urday, and will probably communicate its
determination to the Knights here that
night or Sunday. The Albany dis
trict assembly, whose action
will be intluential in the evi
dent plan lai# out by Mr. Powderly, to
make the men themselves declare the strike
general, doies not meet till Monday, as
stated. The fair conclusion from the*facta
and circumstances is that the grand strike,
if it is to come, will not lall before next
week. To-day Mr. Powderly has been pre
paring the following, which he makes pub
lic to-night:
THE STATEMIJNT.
For some time the management of the New
York Central & lliiduou Kivrr railroad have
tteen dixclmruing employes who have been active
in labor affairs. It huppeus that allot thoso
who have been dismissed nre members ot the
order of Knights of Labor and have at one
time or another been oltieerss of the
order or have served on committees,
which waited ou the ottieials with a view to pre
senting tu'itfvtuices. These ilischatges became so
frenuuut and were so clearly evmeiiee of a kcI
tied purpose on the part of the company to dis
rupt and destroy the orwtnteutif.rt the
KuiKhts of Labor upon the Ontral svsti-m
that the executive board of liistrietjAssemliy No.
240 iu which the Knights ot iabor upon
the system are enrolled found it necessary to
cull a special meeting iu New York to consider
the situation, iu tho meantime ttie federal ex
ecutive board, having been apprised of tile con
dition of affairs, sent one of Ud members, .1. .1.
Holland, to New York, with instrueilons to use
all possible efforts to secure an amieuhte adjust
ment of the ditliculties. Arriving in New\ork,
Mr. Holland, after a ronfetvnee with the repre
sentatives of the district assembly, iu the
course of which he obtained a lull knowledge of
the trouble from the standpoint of the men,
waited upon 1!. Walter Webb, third vice presi
dent and acting manager of the company.
being ushered into the presence of Mr. Webb Mr.
Jioliaiiii »tatod that he had called upon him to
endeavor to adjust, the unpleasantness existing
between the company and its Knights ot La
bor employes. Mr. Webb denied that there
was any trouble existing between tlie compauy
and Its employes. Mr. Holland told him that
be, as a member of the general executive board
of the Knights ct Labor, had couie at the re
quest of the men made through the organiza
tion to which tliev belonged, district assembly
240. Mr. Wehri declared that- he would not dis
cuss the matter with any one not nn employe
ol tlie company and closed the interview.
In conclusion Mr. Powderly says:
The Knights of Labor hold themselves in
readiness now and Will continue to hold them
selves ready to yield to the will of tlie public iu
this matter. Tbecouipauy, onthoothoi hand,
holds itself above and superior to
pubiic opinion. I would here ji.sk
the men sliti in tlie employ of
the New York Central and Hudson iCiverruil
road whether it be not totheir Interest to stand
by and support those who are st rikiug to vin
dicate the common rights to or^unixe. '1'he
general hxecutivu board uiil conduct
this contest with all of their abi.ity
within the law and without vio
lence. To do this we e«|iiire funds
that ut once. Public spirited citi/ens who be
lieve in lair play are asked to contribute to tlie
iibertv fund iu aid of the striking employes of
the New York Central A: Hudson Utver railroad.
Head all contributions to John W. Hayes, No.
5U1 North Broad street, Philadelphia, Pa.
TtUslIEJ TC) DEATH.
Four Lives Lost by tlie Wri-ckiug of a
Large Mroet Car Kuril In Plilladelplihi.
Pfili.AMKf.i'iiiA, Aug. 21.—During a heavy
storm which prevailed in this vicinity to
night the southern wall of the stable and
car sheds occupying the square hounded by
Twelfth und Thirteenth streets and Susqiie.
lianna avenue and JJauphin street, used
jointly by the Twelfth and Sixteenth and
Tenth and Eleventh Streets Passenger Hail
way companies, was blown down, carrying
a portion of the roof with it. Four persons
were killed outright, four are so badly in
jured that they are not expected to recover,
three others were less seriously injured and
one is probably dead. Twenty or more
horses were killed. The following is a list
of the killed:
August Paul, driver Mrs. August Paul, bin
wife diaries .Severn, conductor: Charles J-'isner,
driver.
Injured—Henry .Tacoby, conductor, scalp
wound and fchock, taken to Cieruiau hospital
Charles Brown, aged nineteen years, passenger,
both arms and legs broken, 'iermuu hospital:
James J. Martin, driver, back crushed mid hurt
internal]}', taken home Henry Trodwetter,
stableman, struck by tiying debris: a son of An
gust Paul, arm broken and injured internally
unknown boy struck by timber.
Of the injured Jacoby, Martin and Brown
are so badly hurt that their recovery is con
sidered very doubtful. John Christy, aged
eighteen, a horse changer, was leading a
horse, which became frightened by a crash
of thunder and dashed in the building just
as the roof fell. Christv followed after the
animal and as he has not since been seen.
He is believed to have been killed.
Division Headquarters Transferred,
Dcuuqi.'E, Iowa, Special Telegram, Aug.
21.—The headquarters of the Chicago divis
ion of the Chicago. St. Paul it Kansas Citv
have been transferred from Chicago to lJu
btique. Hupt. FarreiJ removes here next
week. Chief Train Dispatcher McNabb ami
five assistants remove here from Oehvin to
morrow.
Higher Wages Wanted.
New Youk, Aug. 21.—-There is a move
ment among the employes of the passenger
department of the New York division of
the Pennsylvania railroad to get the com
pany to increase the pay of the men JO per
cent. The movement has started among
the conductors, brakeiuen and baggagemen.
The officials of tlie road think it strange
that such a demand should be made at this
time. The conductors want {^.."0 per day
instead of$3.25 breakmen, $l.so instead of
$1.05, and tlie baggagemen £2 instead of
$1
.90. The workmen state that the move
ment is not a throat.
la Small IMeees.
TVASitiyoTOS, Spccial Telegram.
—F. 0. Buten of Sioux Falls has been ap
pointed special agent of the census to col
lect statistics of manufacturers in South
Dakota in the place of C. Pettibone, do
ciined.
'I'Jie committee investigating the charges
against Pension Commissioner liaum lias
adjourned till Sept. 1.
The senate passed thehouschill to amend
the act of June 22, 1H7-1, tor the relief of set
tlers on railroad lands.
Died Alone In Ills Cabin.
Spokane Falls, Wash., Special Tele
gram. Patrick A. Gallagher
was found dead in hi.s cabin near
Murray, Idaho. Heart failure was ap
parently the imiuediatecause, although ex
cessive drinking may have had something
to do with it. He was state senator from
Tuolume county, Cal., in 1.S81, and after
ward major of the Third regiment, Cali
fornia inlantrv. After the close ot the war
lie practiced law ut Doadwood, S. I). He
came to the Cour d'Ah-ncs six months ago,
and was popular among the miners.
Helena's Itecouut.
Wasiii.votoN', Special Telegram.
—Special Agent Peter T. Wood, of tlis cen
sus bureau, tiow at Minneapolis, lias been
directed to leave that city on Aug. 21 for
Helena, atid to taUecharge of the recount in
that city. He will probably conduct the
count by the baiuv method as iu Minneap
olis, and will endeavor to get through as
•OOpMpoNiblt*
was
before the West crew tlax so largely and
made it so cheap, and be received $2 a
butbel for the flax seed.
¥fpwws«.«:i
MUST BE UNANIMOU8.
Roles of the Supreme Council of tho
Itallwnr Federation Regarding Strikes.
Tkubb Hautis, link, Aug. 21.—Grand Sec
retary Debs, of tlie Brotherhood of Loco
motive Firemen, said to-day, regarding tho
impending strike on the New York
Central road, that when tho
strike began the local members of
the supreme council, Grand Master Sar
gent, Grand Chief Howard aud himself tits
cussed the situation fully and decided to
take no part in the strike. These members
of the supreme council at once communi
cated with other members of the council,
all of whom,excent Grand Master Sweeney,
of the Switchmcirs Mutual Aid association,
acquies:ced in their decision. Mr. Debs
said:
It has been «j|veu out that (irand Master
Sweeney ordered the strike of the switchmen,
but this is not true, us such aetiou would* be a
direct violation if the laws ot the federation.
The federation wus formed to prevent: trikes,
not to breed them. Kverystep toward ordering
a strike must be takeu in accordance with these
rules. No meeting of the supreme council can bo
held unless there is full representation
of its members. Knell organization repre
sented iu the supreme council must act for
itself. For instance, when the supreme council
meets, the three representatives of the Switch
men's association will vote iu private ou tho
uuestion of ordering strike. The result of
these several votes is hen laid before the full
council. Should there be oue negative vote iu
uny one organization the strike cuuuot be
ordered. It will be seen, therefore, that the
members ot the supreme council must be a unit
ou the question or tlie strike cannot be ordered.
HOSTILITI ICS CKASKD.
Peace Concluded Itetweon Salvador and
Guatemala.
New Yokk, Aug. 21.—The following is a
copy of a cablegram received by the consul
general of Guatemala iu this city to-day:
"Pcace concluded. Ayala will assume tho
presidency of Salvador until the elections
take place."
seizkp ity rvn:MA!.ANrf.
Sax Fkaxcisco, Aug. 21.—The steamship
Coliina, of the Pacific Mail Steamship Com
pany's service, which was recently detained
by the Guatemalans, who seized a consign
ment of arms carried by her, has arrived
here. Herollicers say that the arms con
sisted of twenty-live cases of Winchester
ritlcs and twenty-live cases of cartridges
consigned to Acajuatta, Salvador. At San
Jose the steamer was boarded by the
Guatemalan authorities, who demanded
the surrender of the war munitions. A
compromise was cileeted by which the
arms were to be transferred iu a lighter to
the steamer City of Sydney atid returned to
San Francisco. When, however, the arms
had been placed on hoard the tighter a
Guatemalan crew came off in a boat ami
seized both lighter and contents. When
tlie otliccrs of tiie Coliina protested against
this proceeding tlie Guatemalans simply
laughed at them.
FINISH 121) ITS LAIIOU*.
Close of tlie IrriKalioti Convention ot the
Dakotan.
Ajierdeex, S. D., Special Telegram, Aug.
21.—The irrigation convention adjourned
to-day. A memorial to congress was framed
und adopted asking for $lfi0,ooo for artesian
irrigation. A committee consisting of F.
F. B. Collin and L. H. Haleot Huron, W.
W. Taylor of Kcdfiehl, F. II. Jlagerty of
Aberdeen, M. K. Vinton of SI. Paul, Col.
K. S. Ormsby of Kiuiuetshurg, Iowa, F. K.
Clements of St. Paul, C. M. Harrison and
George W. Abeil of Huron, George G.
Crcsey of Aberdeen and Mr. Pierce of
Yankton was selected to take immediate
steps to negotiate loans for farmers who de
sire to sink wells for irrigation purposes.
A resolutfon was adoMcd instructing this
committee to secure needed legislation und
to use all honorable means to have the leg
islature at its coming session pass a law au
thorizing counties, towns, and districts to
aid the sinking of artesian wells. The con
vention endorsed both theartesian well and
canal systems, hut thought the only relief
for the present lay inthc former. Great en
thusiasm was mauitained all through, and
the general feeling is that tiie meeting will
greatly stimulate ami increase the efforts to
ellect irrigation. This section of the coun
try is certainly thoroughly aroused to its
necessity and'importance,
CAUSED HV Tin: JACK.
luvcNtlgHtioii of Gut Aecidnut ou tlie Old
C'olouv Itailroad.
Boston, Aug. 21.—The olllcial investiga
tion into the accident on the Old Colony
railroad at Quiney on Tuesday last was be
gun at the company's ollices to-day by the
railroad commissioners, Miciiael Ilartuey
totilicd:
"I was working at the jack at the time of
the accident near the Dimmock street
bridge. Did not know a train was
due ami nobody told uic a train was
due. 1 tried to remove the jack, but was
unable to do so. Thuy got. excited and I
jumped. Could not succeed in raising the
jack. The engine was seven or eight, yards
from lue when jumped. I saw the* jack
struck by the cowcatcher and tipped it
toward me. Then the engine left the track."
K. C. Bailey, one of the injured in theac
cidcnt, died last night. This swells the list
of dead to twenty-two.
OWAloNNA
AITWTKP.
Owato.vna, Special. Aug. 21. -Tin- friends
of Pillsbury academy are much grieved to
learn of the death of .Miss Mary K. Tilton
of Lexington, Mass., iu the lute railway ac
cident at tjuiney, Mass. She had ju-t 'been
engaged as lady principal lor the next year.
MOVING FltlClttliT TRAINS.
Tho Company Clearing tip Its Accumu
lations at Albany,
Aljjanv, S. Y., Aug. 21.—If there is any
ground gained to day in the strike it is in
favor of tlie New York Central railroad.
The road moved a great many of the freight
trains out of Schenectady and West Albany
to-day, ami the only delay in moving
others, seems to be the inexfieriencc ot
switchmen in the yards. Theonly exciting
incident of the day was the arrest by the
Albuny police of William Campea'u, a
moulder twenty-six years of age, caught
while atUinptiugto pull a pin iu a freight
train at the upper grade ami crossing go
ing toward West Albany. If Cuuipcau
bed succeeded in hi.s design and a bad
smash-up would have occurred. He is not
a Knight of Labor. Jle wits locked up and
his case will go to the grand jury. The
strikers are very quiet and say they are
waiting for further developments.
Conceded All Demands.
Halifax,N.S., Aug. 21 .- -The Spring JfllIs
coal mines strike, which has involved near
ly 11,000 men and has lasted two months,
has ended in a complete victory for the
men. The management have conceded all
of the demands made.
Land Grant Forfeiture.
Washington, Aug. 21.—Theconferreeson
the land grant torlciturc bill have prac
tically reached an agreement, leaving de
tails only to be Hi-ranged at a meeting to
morrow. The terms of the agreement are
generally upon the principle of the bill us
it passed the house—namely an absolute
forfeiture of all lands opposite to and co
terminous with the portion cf any aided
railroad not now completed. The Gulf ana
Ship Island ihiilroau company is to be
allowed one year In which to complete Ite
line from Ship Inland to Hattieshurg, pro
viding it will relinquish title to lands sold
by the government lor cash, or purchased
by actual settlers.
Shot by His Slater.
Lake Bksto.v, Special. —The son
of W. Blivcii was killed by the accidental
discharge of a gun. Tho boy and his little
sister were Playing with the gun, when it
discharged, tlie charge shattering the boy's
leg. Tlie leg was amputated, but the boy
died from the shock.
Adjusted the Lrfisn.
St. Cloup, Special.—The Ander
son mill loss has been adjusted by tlie pav
mcnt of'$.'js,-l87.fi0, the full face of the poli
cies with the execcption of $o00on the noil
en atid engine. The total loss was $TIO,OUO
Anderson will rebuild.
A Labor Hill.
WashingtonNew
Special. —An amended
alien contract labor law nil! was presented
in the house to-day from the committee on
labor. It is made unlawful on the part of
an alien to enter the United State's under
any contract to perform labor or servicc.
If a master of a vessel shall bring any fiueh
alien into the United States he shall be sub
ject to tine amfeimprisonnieiit and com
pelled to return tlie alien to the port of em
barkation. It shall not be lawiul for any
jeison or'corporation to encourage unv
ulien laborer, mechanic or artisan to
emigrate from any lorcigti country to the
United States by promise ot employment
through advertisement or otherwise.' Any
alien thus encouraged to emigrate shall not
be permitted to reinainiu the United S^att*.
The provision of the a':t shall not apply to
professional actors, artists, lecturers, regu
larly ordained ministers of the gotqHi,
learned professors for colleges aud 'neiui-
uaries or professional liDgers.
PEMBINA, PEMBINA COUNTY, NORTH :)TA, FRIDAY, AUtiUST 20. I8fi0.
RURAL REMGIOX.
m*•
IftllUttge
S
Sei
1)1011
A ir
AS (l Man
to
nent Topic.
oOWCtli
World so Must lie
Heap.
Lebanon, Pa., Special.—The American
Farmer's Encampment at Mount Gretna,
near this city, to-day listened attentively to
a discourse by Itev. T. DeWirt Tutmagc.
The subject was one peculiarly suited to the
vast audience, being on "Funning a Gospel
Type." I. Kings, xix., 19: ^Flisha, the son
ot Shaphat, who was ploughing with twelve
oxeu before him. und ho with the twelfth."
Representatives of the great Farmers'as
sociations from ull parts of the country are
at tlie encampment, preparation* for which
have been going ou for mouths hi advance.
Tlie surrounding densely-populated counties
of Pennsylvania nre also tully represented.
To-day's services wen* held in tho open air.
Aw immense choir, from the churches of Le
banon, led the music.
Bev. Dr. Tulmuge spoke as follows:
Farmers of America! Accept my saluta
tion. Our text puts us down into the plow's
furrow, where many of us have been before.
My boyhood passed on a nrm. and my
father a farmer, your stylo oilife is amiiiar
to me. One of my earliest recollections is
that of my lather coming in troiu the hot
hurveBtfield exhausted, tlie pcr-pirutiou
streaming from his torehead and chin, and
fainting on tho doorsltl, nnd niv mother re
suscitating him, until seeing the alarm of
thehousehcld, he said, "Don't (to .righteued.
Igot a little tired, nud the sun wushot. but I
mil all right now." And I lemembi mother
seated at the table, often saying, "Well, I'm
too tired to
eat!" The fact is. that I do
think tho old folks got thorougl
until they lay down in tho graveyar.l back
S[t.
Noah was the first farmer. We say noth
ing about Cain the tiller of the soil. Adam
was a gardener on largo scale, but to Noah
was given all the acres of tho earth. I'llisha
was an agriculturist, not culturiag a 10 acre
lot, for in my text- you find him plowing with
12 yokoot oxon belorehim, and he with the
12th. Iu Bible times the land was so plenty
and the inhabitants so few that Noah was
right when he guvo to every inhabitant a.
certain portion ofland, thutland if cultured,
ever alter to tie his own possession.
They were not small crops raised in those
times, for though the urts were riai--, tlie
plow turned up vcrv rich soil, and barley
and cotton and flax, and all kinds of grain,
eame up at the call of the harvesters. I'bny
telU of one stalk of gruin thut had on it be.
twfen •HH) and 100 ears. The rivers and tho
brooks, through artificial channels, were
brought down to the roots of the corn, aud
to this habit of turning river wherever it
was wanted Solom on refers when tie says:
"The king's heart is in the hand oft he Lord,
and lie turneth it as the rivers of \wilcr are
turned, whithersoever He will
The wild beasts were caught, and (hen a
hook was put into their noce, und then thry
were led over the field, and to that God re
fers when hu says to tho wicked Sennnchcrih
"I will put it hook in thy nose and 1 will
tiring thee buck by the way which thou
earnest." And God has a hook in every
man's nose, whether it lie Nebuchadnezzar or
Ahuli or Herod, He may think himself very
independent, hut some time iu his liie
or in the hour ot his death he will find that,
the Lord Almighty has a hook in his iiom».
This wus the rule in regard to the culture
of the ground: "Thou shaft not plow with
an ox aud an ass together.*' illustrating the
folly of ever putting inteliig.-nt aud u-etul
und pliable men iu us.-ocjatjon with the
stubborn and the uuuiunugeahle. The vast
majority of troubles in the churches and iu
re.'brni/4'ory institution* co/d«m irom tip
disregard of this command of the Lord:
"Thou shall, not plow with an ox and mi ass
together."
There were targe amounts of property in
vested in cattle. The Moabit.es paid loo..
000 sheep as an annual tax. .lob hail 7,'HiO
sheep, .'1,000 camels, 500 yoke of ovn.
The time of vintage was ush»rcd in with
mirth and music. The dusters o. the vine
were put into the winepress, nnd
then five men would get into the
press nnd trample out the juice from the
grape jtnfii their garments were saturated
with the wine and hat! become the emblems
of slaughter. Clui*t Iiimsel-, wounded un
til covered with the biood of enn itixion,
made use of this allusion when the ijuesiion
wits asked: "Wherefore art thou red in thy
apparel and thy garments like one who
treadeth the wine vat?'' lie responded: "f
linve trodden tho wine press alone."
In all ages there has been great honor
paid to agriculture. Seven-eighths of tho
people ia every country are disciples of the
plow. A government is strong in propor
tion as it is supported by an athlctic nnd in
dustrious yoemnnry. So long ago as be
fore the fall of Carthage, Straho wrote wen
ty eight books on agriculture llesiod wrote
poem on the same subject—"The Weeks
and Days." Catowas proudero! his work on
husbandry than of all his military cotipc-Ms.
But I must not be tempted into a discui-sion
of agricultural conquests. Standing amid
the harvests and orchurds and viueyarde of
ourowncountry—I want to run out thenna!
ogy liotween the production of crop* and
the growth of grace in tho soul—nil tlicKe sa
cred writers making use ot that analogy.
In the first place 1 remark, in grnce as iu
the fields there must lx a plow. That which
theologians cull conviction is only tlie plow
share turning up tho sins that have been
rooted and matted in the soul. A tanner
said to his indolent, son: "There area hun
dred dollars buried iu that field." Thu son
wont to work nnd plowed the field from fence
to fence, and he plowed it very deep, and
then complained that lie had not found the:
money but when the crop had been gather-
though It were nn inae. uracy or a mwtako.
insteud of the loathsome, abominable, con
suming, nnd damning thing that God
hates, that man wilt never yield a harvest
my father came along and said: "Why, this
will never do this isn't plowed deep enough:
there you linve missed this and you have
missed that," And he plowed it over again.
The difficulty with a great many people is
that they are only scratched with convietion
when the subsoil plow of God's truth ought
to be put iu up to the beam.
My word is to all .Sabbath-school teachers,
to all parents, to all Christian workers
Plow deep! Andil in your own personal cx
tke a letiicnt
rcveultho holiness of God, nnd that sharp
nnd glittering coulter will turn up your soul
to the deepest depths, a man preaches to
you that you nre only a little out of order by
ai reason of sin and Hint on need ouly little
UP. i»e deceives. You have suffered
I,v .. nn appalling injury by reason of Kin. There
DallllGlS Oil ft
rem-
nre
quiPk poisons nnd slow poisons, hut the
druggist could givo you one drop that would
kill the body. And sin is like that drug so
virulent, so poisonous, HO fatal that one
drop is enough to kill the soul.
ai mi ploughing for a crop. Deep plough-
in This
\nii !wr
a
hOUl*
broken heart or no icitjriofi.
it .... Btorccn soul or nohnrvest. Why was it that
David and the jailer and the publican and
Paul made HUeh ado about their sins? Had
they lost their senses? No. The plough
•hare struck them. Conviction turned up a
great many things that were forgotten. As
a farmer ploughing sometimes turns up the
skeleton ot a man or the anatomy of a
niotislerloug ago buried, so the plough
share of convict ion turns up the ghastly
skeletons o' sin long ago entombed. Geolo
gists never brought up from the depths of
the mountain mightier ichthyosuurus or
mcgat heritim.
But what means all this crooked plough
ing, these crooked furrows, tlie repcutauce
that amounts to nothing? Men groan over
their sins, but get. no better. They weep, but
their tears are not counted. Thev get con
victed, but not converted. What is the rea
son? 1 remember that on tlie farm we set a
ml Hag at the other end of the Held. We
kept our eye ou that. We aimed nt that.
We ploughed up to that. Losing sight of
that we made a crooked furrow. Keeping
our e.ves ou that we made a struight furrow.
Now, in this mutter of conviction we must
have same standard to guide us. It is the
red standard that (Sod has set on the other
end ol" the field. It is the cross Keeping
your eye ou that, you will make a straight
furroiv. Losing sight of il you make a crook,
ed furrow. Plough up to the cross. Aim not
at either end of the horizontal piece
of the cross, but at the upright
piece, nt the renter of it, the heart,
o! tlie Son of God who bore your sins and
made satis action. Crying and weeping will
not b'ingvoii through. "Him hath God
exalted to bi a Prince and a Savior to give
repentaiiic." oh, plough upto the cross!
Again. I remark, iu grace as in tlie ticid
there miiHi bea sowing. In the autumnal
ited weather you llrnl thciarm«*r going across
t'"'
of SotncrviUc, to take tho Inst sleep. ''very -tride b- putsi hishund into the saek
Jeep.
Ottice-seekers go through the land and they
stand ou political platforms, and they tell
the farmers the story about the Independent
life of a farmer, giving flattery win iv they
ought to givo sympathy. Independent of
what? No class ot people in this country
linve il harder than tlie farmers. Imlepend
cut of what? Of the cureutio that stings the
peach trees? of the rust ill the wheat of the
long rain with the rye down? Independent
of the grasshopper? of the locust? of tliei
army-worms? the potato-bug? Independent
oi the drought that burns up tlie harvest?
Independent of thecow with the hollowhorn?
or the sheep with tiie loot-rot? or the pet,
horse with a nail iu his hoof? Independent
of the cold that freezes out the winter grain?
Independcnt of the snowbank out of which
tie must shovel himself? Independent of the
cold weuther when he stands threshing his
numbed fingers around his body to keep
them irom being rostcd? Independent of the
frozen curs and the Iro/en leet? Independ
ent of what? Fancy farmers who
hnvo made their fortunes in the city
and go out in the country to build houses
with all the modern improvements, and
make'arming a luxury, may not need any
solace: but the yeomanry who get their liv- ""heve
ing out of the soil, and who that way haveto
clothe their families and educate their chil
dren, and pay their taxes am] tneei. the in
terewt on the mortgaged farms—such men
tlud a terrific struggle. Aud my hope is
that this great National Farmers' Fncauip*
mcnt may do something toward lilting the
burdens of the agriculturists. Yes, we wuro
nearly nil of us bom in the country.
We dropped corn iu the hill, and went on
Saturday to tho mill, tying the grist, iu the
ccntcrot tlie sack so that the contents on
either side of tho horse halancod each other
und drove tho cattle afield, our bare eet net
with the dew, and rode the horses with the
halter to the brook until wo tell off, and
hunted the inow for nests until the feathered and on the top there hnll be a tb»w
occupants went ruckling away. So we nil millennium alter awhile. All from the
understand rustic allusions. The Bible is K^P'-I
The largest denomination in this country
is the denomination oi Not hiugariatiM. Their
religion is a system ot negations. You say
to one of them, "What do yon believe?"
"Well, I don't believe in infant baptism."
MVhat do you believe?" ••Well, I don't be
lieve in the perseverance of the saints."
"Well, now tell me what you believe?" "Well,
m't believe in the eternal punishmcnt
the wicked." So their religion is
row of cyphers. Helicvc something ami
teach it or, to resume the lignre of uiy
text, scatter abroad the right kind of seed.
A minister of New York preached a sermon
calculated to set the denominations of
Christian qunrrcling. He was sowing net
ties. A minister iu hostou advertised that
he woti.'d preach a sermon on the superior
ity of transcendental and organized torces.
What was lie sowing? The Lord .lesus
Christ ID centuries ago planted the divine
seed of doctrine. It sprang up. On one
side of (he stulk are all the churches of
Chirstiaudoiu. Ou the other side of the
stalk are nil the free governments o* 11k
H(,,'d
of doctrine.
full of them. In Christ's sermon on tho Lvery word that a parent or Sabbath
mount you see the full blown lilies nnd the schoolI teacher, or city missionary, or other
lossy back of lie crow's wing as it Hies over Christian worker speaks ior Christ comes up.
Olivet. David nud .tohn, Paul atid Yes, it. 'mesup with compound interest
-i you saving onesoul, that onesavingten, the
ten a hundred, the hundred a thousand, the
thousand ten thousand, the ten thousand
oue hundred thousand—on, ou forever.
Isuiuh find in country life a source of frequent
illustration, while Christ takes the responsi
bility of declaring God a fanner, declaring
"My father is I ho htisbandinau."
Again, 1 remark, in grace us iu the farm
their- must, be a harrowing. I refer now not
to harrow that goes over the field iu order
to prepare the ground for the seed, but a
harrow which goes over u'ter the seed is
sown, lest the birds pick Up the deed, sink
ing it down into ho earth so that it can take
root. There nre new kinds of harrow, hut n'a»v, said /nfsi{atin"'lv
the harrow as remember it was made of
bars of wood nailed across each other, and
the underside ot each bar was furnished with
shut'ptMdh. und when the horses werchitched
to it. it went tearing and leaping across the
field, driving fhuseetj down into the earth
until it. sprung up in the hurvest. Bereave
mcnt. sorrow, perserut iou are the Lord's har
rowstosiitk the gospel truth into.vourheait.
There wej-o truths that you heard HO years
ago. that have not affcctcdyou until recent ly.
Some great trouble canie over you, and the
rut was harrowed in. and it. has COUP* up.
What did God mean in this country iu IH.
for a century tb
but a great, th ai
Four Horoos of a Mine Acci
dent.
A horror \v i.s uvwleij at M»»n
iiionl.li, III.. Ii.v tlie prompt, mid vig
orous net ion ol lour linm.' men. Tim
tile workx, mill' ist, of tin- citv,
\v is tiifi si*'in*. An explosion oralis
Mt (hi! fool of (liiMH'tt' kIiii II, nine!
It'i'l. ili'i'p, ijrnitril ill.- I'lijriiii.* house at
Ilie top, iiud tlie wooiiell stflli'tllfes
about, were soon .-ibhi/e. Tin.'sli.ilt
was soon lilleil with smoke, ami the
sixteen men iiuprisoiicil below were
obliged to seel shelter in the lui ther
inostrecesHus ol tin,, mine, wliero they
lay down on their faces to lieep from
sutlocatinir. Thereseemeil no means
ol esiapu, a nil the cries, of lie moth
ers, wives and daughters were heart
reiiileriii"'.
Four brave mon volunteered to fro
1o theircomrades'rescue, and were let
down an old disused shall. Armed
with pickaxes and spades they duti
an entrance through a six foot wall
of curt It, and one by one the Hourly
sulTocuted men erawleil through tho
small pass-a^e nay. the burning de
bris. and were hoisted up. When
the last, one was rescued a shout of
joy went up trom the many hundreds
who were pit.hcred ill tho spot.
Some ol I he men were more dead than
alive when rescued, but all will re
cover.—Cor. Chicago Inter-Ocean.
What His Grandmother Said.
At ii country wedding some years
an'o thcro was one uncomfortable
finest, lie had run over from the
next town on it late train, and liy
some chance of travel his trunk was
lost on tlio way. At such a time thu
calamitv was a serious one, fqr tho
I'ron had imen Kath-r- lf contained his dress suit and
eil nud sold for hundred dollurs more ban theie wus no possible W«iy ot ropluc*
any previous year, then the young man took iwg it,
tho hint n» to »lnit lils father meant when At first lie declared that lie would
when he said there were a hundred dollars .... j-, ,,
buried down in that field. Deep plowing not nttend tho wedding ut nil, but
for a soul. He who makeB light of sin will litliuly ho yielded to the persUiiHions
never umount to anything in tho church or' of the fa mil and tnaiiiifri'd to forget
in the world. Hainan .peaks of Din as ,• ',1 ,, ,,
vlll
1,18 noLS
notis supper.
"Well,'' said one as the guests were
retiring to their rooms, "after all
When I was a hoy I plowed afield with a these good things we Hlinlt probnbty
team of spirited hordes, plowed it very fcoe our grandmothers tu-nighl.
quickly. Once in awhile 1 passed over some NVxt morning the voting mail who
of the sod without turning it. but I did not i..,.t.oli hi* iliwoi suit ntwl h«il
rk hack the plow with its rattling clevises.
iaa a,
I thought it made no difference. Alter awhile ill consei pieiice RUllored ngoiues of
mind over his gray trousers, was the
last to enter tlie breakfast- room.
''Hallo Jim!" called a sou of the
house "Did you see your grand
mother?"
"Well, what did she say to you?-'
"•She sat down by tay bedside and
looked at me long and seriously.
smt.unu lidl
Then she said, in a voice full oi hor-
A LADY'S ADVENTURE.
I tun a single lady.
There is no dis« raM» in tl.ut, I be
liv'Ve. I migh have married, more than
euro, had 1 pleased, when 1 was a silly,
rattlupatU'd girl, with more yellow
curls than ideas, amt a general 'mania
on the subject of wall/in^ nnd band
music. I thank my guardiuu stars that
I have outgrown that callow and silly
ugc. 1 ant quite independent now, anil
beholden to nobody. I make my living
by lecturing, and a very little snug liv
ing it is. 1 eame to be a success, after
a little practice, and a good deal of
hard work, and made money. 1 took
a uit of ple:isauL rooms iu a quiet
family hotel, and kept my own Utile
ON In:,
"'"bout 2:5 inches, and
ol grain and besprinkles the seed-corn over
the Held. Il loaks silly to a man who does
not know what he is doing. He is doing il
very important work.
lie is scattering tho winter grata, and
though the snow may come, the next your
there will bo a great, crop. Now this is what
we are doing when we are preaching Gie
gospel—we are scattering tiie seed. It is
he foolishness ot preaching, but. it is the
winter grain, and though the snow of the
irorMiine.-H may come down upon if. it will
yield after a whi!e glorious harvest. Let us
be sure we sow the right, kind of seed. Sow
inulleii stalk und mulleti stalk nil! come up.
Sow Canada histles and Canada thistles will
come up. Sow wheat and wheat will cotno
up. Let us distinguish between truth and
error. Let. us know the diOcrencc between
wheat ami hellebore, (tats aud henbane.
Hut one day there came a request
that I would deliver my leelure upon
••The Woman of the Period," at Hairirs
ville.
1 sent the waiter for an atlas aud
gazetteer, and hunted up Haggsville.
It was an uuprelemious village, among
the bills well up towards the northern
lakes.
"Haggsville, indeed," said I to my
self. "A place with a church, a pos't
olYtec, and seven or eight young men
who call themseivesa Lyceum. They're
mistaken in the Iccluro* they want.
They never can allord to pay inv price/1
»So I wrote back to Squire Jones at
least I fancied from tin big fat shapes
of his capital letters, and the general
pompotisuess of his phraseology, that
the "Orville Jones" who wrote to me.
as "Chairman of the Literary C'oin
tnUioe,v was an enquire, ith* a ba'n!
head, a blunt nose and light blue c\es.
1 politely mentioned my terms, and
straightway forgot all about tlie matter,
until a letter eame back, asking me to
lix a date for the delivery of my lect
ure at Haggsville Lyceum.
I looked over my engagement book
I had become so popular a character
that it was quite necessary for me to
keep such a volume and* settled on
the night of the twenty-third of De
cember.
Tin? twenty-third of December was
a day of driving storm aud tempest,
and it was nearly six o'clock when we
reached the Mutiou at Haggsville.
Thank goodness." I said to myself,
"I shall luite time for a good rest and
a cup of strong tea."
Hut, to my dismay, when 1 got out
nt Haggsville station, blinded by the
lights that tin red Ihrotiuh a driving
rain, confused by the everJa*tinggroat£
tug machinery, 1 learned that the vil
lage of Haggsville itself was ten miles
further up Ihe hilly road.
"We've just been telegraphed from
there," said the station-master. "The
Lyceum is tilling up fast. You'll have
a good audience, miss, in spite of the
weather."
'•Hut how ean 1 possibly get there it
time?" I demanded, in 'hopeless per
dcxity,
"Squire Joiu*\ the chairman of tho
committee, is here with hi.s close car
riage." thl In- eomplaceutly.
"And you'll tiud it mighty snug and
comfortable,v added the little man,
rubbing his mittciicd palms together.
"Here it is now."
Through the thing snowtlakes, I
could just dUeeru the dark opaque
body drawn up clo^e to Gut plattorm.
I stepped into what seemed to ute a
bottomless pit of blackness, guided by
the station-master's hand aud was re
lieved by lindiug myself iu a warm
carpeted carriage, "with weil-slullVd
cushions, and a ligui'e scaled opposite.
"llere alio is sijuiru!'"ericd the stat ion
master. banging the door to. "Now,
go ahead, Perkins." to the driver, "and
don't let tho snow drift under your
horses' feel!"
There had been so much noise and
confusion that I felt awkwardly con
scious that I might have been ad
dressed by the squire without answer
ing. and as a silence reigned iu thecal-
I beg your pardon?**
As I received no reply to the remark,
I repeated it. in a somewhat louder
key. Then I waited a little, and haz
arded:
"A very.stormy night?"
Still I received no ac! uow|ed^uM'Ut
of these conversational ell'orts. I be
gan to feel soiucwhal oll'emled, but
then I remembered just iu time to
M'.
Thftl'ioil litirncssi'il a p.-iliic tn il harrow "f |KM»l»lr. My
iliua.-r. iul ilis:tKh'r, nnl that, hin-roiv H.-tit
(hiwri Wall Ntrift. ami n] Wall stn'i't. down
Tiiir.l Htr.M-1 ami upThirilKti-fM't, ilnwti Stat.
stivrl anil il[ Slatti utrffl, nutil tin* ulinh'
laat) wat torn to pi.M-i's as it lin.l m-vr I..'.mi
Itctor.'. What, foliowoil the harrow1.' Acr.-at
awakening in \vliii:h tbera wmu ".OO.llDO
souls Lronulit into 11n- kingdom of our
Lord. No harrow, no rrop.
assuage mv rising choler, that Squire
I J»»"*
V,,'\V
|'"«ii.ly l»« 'I.mI'. I
I it |iru.iti.'H'l I'.'Hiill. cuiilil ftltviiy* Klmijr well willi
(ikm- was uk' ir,
was ilistimM so
ami mv
I ti-kal
enunciation
again.
"Had weather for the lecture?" I
bawled out in stentorian accents. The
drivei stopped, and leaned down to
the carriage door:
••Kit, miss? said he, "did you want
Anything?"
"No." I said, somewhat, confusedly.
"Thought 1 beard you holler," said
the driver, ••Must ha* been the wind
howling down the gorge."
As we started again! began to think
I must have beeu mistaken as to the
fact of then being an\onc in the
carriage with me. De'iermined to
solve tins problem, 1 put my hand softly
out towards the opposite snie ol the
carriage. To m\ iMnbaria^iii'int, it
encountered another warm human
hand, which was drawn away with
electric quickness,
1'ardou me,*' I saiil. awkwardly
enough. -I dropped my bag. and
1 was feeling for it."
Still no answer. 1 began to feet ser
iously angry.
"If you do U"t feel disposed for con
versation,1' isaid i, with so/no spirit,
"pray, hold your tongue!"
Apparently my pM-n-ris took mu at
my word. Total silence reigned, ex
cept for the occasional voice of my
chariotccr. shouting at his horses.
Had 1 come to the latnl of total bar
barism? U.id lett cmii/.atiou behind?
Was Squire Jones a heathen or au
idiot?
While I wus revolving these, questions
in my troubled mind, we reached lit
tle hamlet where lights glistened,
human \oiees sounded, and drew rein
before a large squ ire brick building,
with rows ol ilamiug lamps above the
door. The carriage door was opened
from outside- a portly gent email witl^
a very bald head, blunt nose, and li^li*
blue eyes' of my imagination, preseuted
himself.
Mi-., jspcakwcll," said he, "you are
welcome to Haggsville. Prav, alight."
"Sir," said I. "I have made up my
mind not to do so. Will you have toe
goodness to tell your coachman to drive
me to the nearest hotel*.'M
"Hut It's lil'teeq minutes to eight!'1
said he: vibe audience Is waiting!"
"I don't caiv if it's tuteeu minutes
to twelve!" said I. "I have already cx-
Iierieneed
l.ji..
lll- mjoyment Ol llll.l-
some of (he civilities ol
higgsvillc. Squire Jones is a brute
a savage?'1
••Kill" said the gentleman. "Did 1
ouite understand von. Miss Speak well?
am Squire Joue*!'1
"Then who is that iu the carriage?11
asked I.
A light of comprehension began to
dawn on Squire Jones' bewildered face.'
"Oh!' said he, "I *ee, It's a deaf
aud dumb gentleman. Miss Speakvvell."
"A deaf aud dumb gentleman?'1 I
repeated.
"And he's not quite full wilted,
either,11 added the Squire. "I'm sure
I beg your pardon for exposiug you to,
the least annoyance,-bui ho was on
his wuy to. the asylum, eight Utiles he*
yond here, and t^is friends had sent au
o.peu Uox-wagou to meet him. and
the poor fellow was half perished with
cold, already So I just rode up iu
the box-wagon myself, and put him
iuto the carriage. I supposed
had told you all about i(11
My ^hp.vt-Uvu4 tudiguutiou melted at
9W*
NUMBER 6.
I '"Squire Jones," said I, "You are a
philanthropist. Take me to the dress
ing-room at once. If don't give the
Haggsville people their money's worth
to-night, it will be because I don't
know how."
I made a success of it that eveuiug.
1 was applauded again and again. I
was called before the curtuiu twice at
the end of my leelure: and I was en
tertained by Mrs. Squire Jones that
night, iu a little parlor of comfort anil
luxury.
I have never visited Haggsville since.
And 1 shall never think of the name
without recalliug uiy adventure of that
rainy night.
Applied Common Sense.
Out about four miles from Natchez 1
came across a colore mau who had
headed for town with a jag of wood ou
a one-mule wagon. At a narrow spot
in the road, where the mud was a foot
deep, his old mule had given out, aud
tho wagon was stalled. The man sat
on a log by the roadside, smokiug a
corn-cob pipe aud enjoying a sun bath
and after viewing the situation I asked:
••Well, what arc you going to do?"
*'Nullin', boss," he answered.
"(ioiug to leave the riu: right there
until it sinks out of sight?"
"(Mi, she's dun goue down about as
fur as see kin!"
"Are you in no hurry?"
"No, sab. I/.e got all dis week to
get to town."
"Well, you take things pretty cool, I
must, say."
"Say. boss, jist sot down lieah half
ru hour an1 see do tilosopliy of tie
thing." he answered. "Fze working
a common sense plan on dis difficulty.*'
I I got down and took a seat, aud" It
I wasn't ten minutes before a eottou
team, with four darkies perched ou the
bales, came up from the rear.
•*Yo\ dar what's de rumpus?" tie
maudod the driver as he checked his
mules.
"Dun got stuck fast."
"Oh—ho! 'onie along boys an' git
dat ole mewl outer his trubbje."
They all got down,each took a wheel,
I and Willi a "heave-oif the wagon was
lifted out of the mud aud was leadv to
I °.n'
"See de pint? queried tlie owner ol
the rig, who hadn't lifted a pouud hiui
self.
"I do."
"Hal's what ails de black man to
day—hain't got no tilosopliy. lie-haw,
now, Julius -git right up'u bcud you!
ole backbone! So long, white mau—
see yo' later!"—Ih'troit l''nc IWss.
Modern Changes in Literature.
The working author, he whose ink is
bread, rccogni/.es more thau ever he*
fore tlie commercial side of literature
as a most potent factor in this work,
a\s a writer in The [.udics* Hoittt
Juurnal. There was a time, aud not
so long ago, when at/thors could write
lore pleasure, when couioetiliou was
not so keen, and their productions were
certain of acceptance in certain chan
nels. Everything they wrote was ac
ceptable because they wrote it, upon
the argument that tliey had cut out
for themselves a certain constituency
which hailed anything from their pen,
good, bad aud iuditferent. Two or
three authors ofteu constituted tho re
sources of a magazine. All this has
changed. No writer, however strong
or popular, can carry the subscription
list of a magazine in his or her pocket.
Variety is tiie order of the dav. The
magazine which gives the greatest
variety in a single issue is the one most
bought mid enjoyed. "I do not care
for a magazine," said a literary woman
recently, "in which I know before I
open its pages, exactly what writers I
shall tind in it." and in that remark
lies the key to the tuodera literarv
taste. One beneficial effect which this
letideucy is undoubtedly haviug is the
doing away with cliqueism in period
ical literature. In faet. it cannot bo
truthfully said of one prominent mag
azine to-day, as it could as late as a
vearago. that it is "cliquey." Editors
tully rucognize the necessity of con
tinually presenting a dilferent array of
writers, and thereby securing a variety
of style aud thought. To the old
writers who have been accustomed fot
years to write for a siugle periodical
this new order of things is disastrous
in oik respect, but for the whole school
o) modern writers it is a decided ad
vantage.^
Mu*hii* by Duma*, I'lln.
The Tnatuttlituht' is printing in each
issue the "maxims'1 of Alexandre
Duioas. Ills. Here is the last install
ment:
Mau is tiie only thing that causes
doubt of (iod.
When man shall ucither cause his
ueinhbor's death nor fear his owu hu
will be (iod.
What is a cocpictte? A woman who
causes one or several men to suffer
without giving them anything. What
is a mau who can be made to suffer bv
a woman from whom he receives notli
ini!'? He is a simpleton. Why, then,
despi»,o coquette*, aud where is the
harm when a heartless womau destroys
a he idl«:vs man?
Men are so cowardly aud servile
thai, if their tyrants should order them
to love each other, they would ndwe
each other.
It is not wickedin-.ss that dees the
tnosi liv.rm. it is .stupidity.
prefer tho wicked to the imbecile,
because they sometimes rest.
Let women engrave thisdeep in their
memory: "He alono is worthy of their
love* who has deemed them worthy of
his respect."
TIiom whom we love and have lost
aru no longer where they were.butthey
are where-ever we are.
Tiie presentiment that mau feels of
eternity iu another world arises from
hi.s despair at not being eternal iu this.
Man was created to utilize every*
thing, eveu sorrow.
Tho venality of woiuau Is the punish
ment of her purchaser.
The only thing that still astonishes
me is that people are still astonished at
anything.
Ijong Speeoh.
We wonder if Henry (icorgo will
ever forget that memorable anniver«
sary of the Declaration of ludepeud-:
eiice, when In? delivered the better pari
of a seventeen column oration at
the v'ahtoruiu Theatre? He began
iiis oration late In the afternoon. After
lie hud spoken for an hour or so the
gallery began to manifest unmistakable
signs of impatiencc. The orator
deemed it timely to skip a hundred
pages and conclude with the poi'Mi*.
lion. This was deftly do.nv., «%ud then
gelling fresh -.ui. iu began:
"A :h"o*and years hence who will
light for liberty?"
"A thousand years hence who wjl\
write for liberty?"
"A thousand years
l,umcc
MMMSKI
who will
speak for lihyyur'
pause at the last liberty-insjiii*
ing interrogatory was broken by a
voice in the gallery, which raug ilius
through the theatre:
"You will! Harry (ieorge,'1
Then? was an explosion of laughter,
The merriment spread to the stage,
and iu the mid'. of it U:\rry George
folded iiis papers and "sileutly stol*
*wiiy," *(i Frunci-co Musp.
A I'ollceitititi ami Fool.
A IVovietice policemau met a fool
wandering aroutig at uight, aud la
have some fun with hin\ W took out
his handcuffs i\m', ihieateued an ar*
lest (out didn't begiu to cry aud
b«-g\ and neither did he run away, but
lie sailed iu with a club aud so nearly
I killed the officer that he will be in bed
lor
a mouth.
JOB DEPARTMENT.
THE PIONEER EXPRKss
JOB DEPARTMENT
I* ramplM* U4 mil rnpplMd with imteat iityl*:
oftrve. luwMtno..
slrtaat with a letitlnnt« buineu.
Wo k«ep ooMUntlr on hand sUrf tend »ar .^
•tock 61 letter bMdft, not* hmda, bill bowl*
monthly
.UtenwoU, flit cap*, fool.
cup. nti»iuca
cards, ablpplan taw, labeln, envelope*. lull viu
KtwniMs. etc., which enftble* ol to lu all klndi
of •ommeretu printing, both puis sail urns
mental, on abort notice.
We keep on hand a fall line of befft! Blink*
SAFE
OP1NING
HUMORS.
Some Incident* Nliowluf How Qrmt
Troubles Arise from l.lttto Cam**.
"There am many amusing Incidents
connected with our business," said a
safe manufacturer one day. "It is to
be expected that in the ordinary courso
of eveuts circumstances will arise when
a safe will have to be opened by au ex*
pert. Locks, like any other piece of
mechanism, are uot infallible. The
best of them are liable to fail at times
through some slight defect in manu
facturing, same as the mainspring of
the most valuable watch may give out
Unexpectedly.
"Not long ago a firm wanted a man
to fix their safe. It was open, but thev
could not shut the door far enough to
throw the bolts. The m-iu went to thu.
place, and after a brief examination
saw a penny reeling on one of tho bot
tom flanges. Taking this off, the door
shut and locked all right. It is forgot
teu how much it cost the tirm to have
the man go to their place and pick up
that little coin, but it was enough to
prevent its l)eh:g repeated no doubt.
A similar case huppcnfe«j j,'tMv?n^r.
were sent for at about the close of busi
ness hours to see what was the trouble
with our safes. The holts would not
throw enough to turn tho lock.
'1 he result was tiie lindiug of a cloth
buttou from a lady's dress iu the lower
bolt hole. This removed, all was
right. As the victim was a staid
bachelor, and suppose to occupy hi*
office alone, he begged that it should
be kept quiet.
"Some years ago we had delivered a
new set of vault doors for a bank about
two hundred miles away. Just before
they were ready to occupy their new
quarters we had a telegram to send a
mau at otiee. The hotis of the outer
door would uo^#t|\row far enough to
lock it. Our ht:u. went, and Ibis is
what he found. The bank officers had
lilted iu a board for the tread of the
vestibule but had omitted to bore holes
iu it to allow for the throw of the bolls.
An auger aud ten minutes labor made
everything all right, but made that
niece of board a rather extravagant
luxury.
"Epicurean-like, we have rcst-rved
the best for the last, for ar thu may
reach the eyes of the hero ot* the in
cident, I will substitute for bis correct
address that of ('alais. Me. It was mil
a thousand miles from there. The let
ter read to come at once and ooon a
safe, as there were important 'docu
ments wanted for immediate use. With
his kit of tools, our mau took the ue\t
traiu aud arrived ou (he following
evening. It proved to he au ohU
fashioned safe, with a large key lue.
'There,1 said the mau. 'is tlm safe.
The lock has been working harder
harder for weeks, until now I am
locked out. I am in a hurry to have
it opened. Never mind the dama« ,.
if you will only break into it in short
order.' Our expert took the kev and
tried it, but it refused to work. Ho
then took a small wire and picked our
half a thimbleful of dirt ami lint from
the key, tried it again, aud a better
working lock was never seen. 'JIoiv
much is your bill?1 As this involved a
trip, to and from Calais, of about KX
miles, and time and expense iu propor
tion, he replied $40. 'lakinga roll of
bills from his pocket he said: 'That is
satisfactory, ou conditions. Does auv
oue in the place know your business
here?1 The reply was \No one.1 «AU
right, then get out by the next traiu,
and keep mum for I would gladly pav
$100 rather tliau have any of my
friends kuow that I was fool enough
go to Hostou for a man to pick liuTdil
out of my key.1"—iSoatou Courier,
South African lloers.
A certain Mr. If., wishing to pur
chase a farm, the Hoer proprietor dog
gedly refused to accept bills, cheeks.
Sr
notes, says a writer in lUH-uiw»Ca
Magazine. He would have his price,
£2.5,000, in sovereigns, or he would
not sell. So the golden bullion was
with much trouble brought to the
house. "Will you not stop to dinner?"
asked the farmer, and at its conclusion
Mr. 1**..whim bidding adieu, observed:
"Well, I suppose wo may at last con
sider our transactions quite complete."
"Not quite.'1 said the Hour "you
owe uie 3s tid fur lln ilinnrr."
next t*|Ji-sotlf w:i that tlm farmer, utir
I'iml Willi tlie custody of so unirli cniu
Iu his house, resolves with tnauy mis.
giviiijjs to pay the |iii'riiasi money in
to the Standard liank. I.nt the follmviti"
week he demands tu withdraw his d»
posit, and tlie hard easli is a^aiti pro
duced. lit! vomits it over carefully,
fii'l, o«cc more reassured, shoves 'it
hack into the cashier's hands. The
lioersilo nol, in fact, scout to have the
slightest cunnuviu.nsion of the first
principles of linance. Another of this
class asked a hank what would lie the
terms for his propiised deposit of £25,.
0UU. "We will }{ivo you per cent."
1 epWeil the- clerk, nut understanding
the drift of the i|ttestioti. "You pay
me lor hiking care nf my property?"
said the lioer. "No, no. 1 am not stud*
a fool as to helieve that, it.u are it|
to souie^ I rick?' Ami lie ii^iautly
broke oil'the Uci:otialioii.
still
Tim
An Kin|itTor's Mausoleum.
The mausoleum of tlie Kmp. ror Fred
erick is completed externa.',iy. with the
exception ol the ciippd roof of the
cupola. In the int. ior the stonema
sons and seuluti\'.-.« are
still at work. The
decoration' of the interior are verv
vieli. «nd carried nut entirely in lijrlft
gray .SiJesian The sobei
color of this is only interrupted liv the
polished dark jjroen Syenite piilars.
As it liuish to the arch which spans the
opening of the altar niche, a iieatitifu!
formed escutcheon lias heeu chose!!,
over which the imperial cajole soar.
with outspread win^s. This is llanked
on l.'/.th sides by li^ures of angel
holding religious symbols
bauds. '1 lie spandrels of thu upper
gallery ttte adorned with cherubs.
Within the last few days tho cuipernrV
eouseut has been jjiveu to thu carrying
uit of the nio.-aie in the cupola and oil
the celling of the altar space. The
designs for the mosaics were worked
out by- Professor Kwahl, after carlv
Christina winks. The cupola is to re
colvu ligures of ungels on a gold groum!
between palms.
tiieii
I)Uimirck'» (Iramlsou,
The story is told in llerlin that Bis
marck little grandson was taken re
cently by his mother to shop where
«he was iu the habit of buyiii"- his
clothes ready made, "because 'the" are
expensive than those specially
made." Ou this occasion the voun"
Ulan set up a loud h.iwl when his
mother indicated, ihat she preferreil
the clothes »l her growing hov to bo
rat'tw large, so that there would bo
room his "growing in them."
hatever iuai e.s you behave iu this
babyish, way?'' asked Countess Uant
and the reply was: "Whenever I
£0 to play at the sehloss with the crown
prince au.l I'rince Kitel thev always
laugh at my largo clothes ami say
I havti to wear out grandpapa's
trousers."
that
old
To -Cut and ttun."
Tli« phrase to '-cut ruttl run'' origin
ated from a peculiar custom of 'the
ancient Egyptian
0
inb
aimers. A low
caste ollioiul was employed lo nuike the
lirst iueision iu the corpse—a process
viewed with much superstition ami
hatred by the people, who held all
mutilators of tlie dead as being ac
cursed. As soon as the iiicisor made
bin "cut" lie took to his he. ls, pur
sued by sticks, stones, aud curses.
For living the poor wreich "cut,"
Mid tu nave his life lio hud to "ruu."

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