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The pioneer express. [volume] (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]) 1883-1928, September 02, 1898, Image 7

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88076741/1898-09-02/ed-1/seq-7/

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Rluk* Int* lou IhoM,
Allen's Foot-Ease, a powder for the
feet. It cures painful, swollen, smart
ing feet and Instantly takes the sting
out of corns and bunions. It's the
.greatest comfort discovery of the age.
•lien's Foot-Ease makes tight-fitting
or new shoes feef easy. It Is a certain
cure for sweating, callous and hot,
tired, nervous, aching feet. Try It to
day. Sold by all druggists and shoe
•tores. By mail for 2Rc in stamps.
Trial package FREE. Address, Allen
8. Olmsted, Le Roy, N. r.
It ten leap year, but «ome women cannot
tyen get out of a cab without ottering a man
tbelr band.—Philadelphia Bulletin.
Beauty la Blood Deep.,
Clean blood means a clean skin. No
beauty without It. Cascarets Candy Ca
thartic cleans your blood and keeps It
clean by stirring up the lazy liver and
driving all impurities from the body. Be
gin to-day to banish pimples, bolls,
blotches, blackheads, and that sickly, bil
ious complexion by taking Ca3carets—
beauty for 10 cents. All druggists. Sat
isfaction guaranteed. 10c, 23c, 50c.
The prisoner who wants to be balled out
would not find any relief from eating sponge
cake.
Wheat 40 Gents Bnshel.
How to grow wheat with big profit at 40
eents and samples of Salzer's Red Cross (80
Bushels per acre) Winter Wheat, Rye, Oats,
Clovers, etc., with Farm Seed Catalogue
tor 4 cents Postage. JOHN A. SALZER
SEED CO., La Crosse, Wis. w.n.u.
and will do this Is the only law of success.—
Ifirabeau.
COSMO BUTTERMILK TOILET SOAP
makes the skin soft, white and healthy.
Bold everywhere.
It doesn't take more than one whisky straight
to get some men terribly twisted.
amg
Leaves
OK
warabg
ofWMer
So the falling of the hair tells
of the approach of age and
declining power.
No matter how barren the tree
nor how leafless it may seem,
you confidently expect leaves
again. And why?
Because there is life at the
roots. I
So you need not worry about
fc the falling of your hair, the
threatened departure of youth
and beauty. And why?
Because if there is a spark of
life remaining in the roots of
the hair
will arouse it into healthy activ
ity. The hair ceases to come
out: it begins to grow: and the
glory of your youth is restored
to you.
we have a book on the Hair
and its Diseases. It is free.
7hm Burnt Adw/om
Ffea.
If
too
do not obtain all the benefits
jrou expected from the use of the Vigor,
write the doctor about it. Probably
there is some difficulty with your gen
eral system which may be easily
temored. Address.
DR. J. o. AVER, Lowell, Mass.
A
SLICKER
WILL KEEP YOU DRY.
Don't be footed with a mackintosh
or rubber coat. If you wantacoat
that will keep you dry in the
hard
est storm buy the Fish Brand
Slicker. If not for sale in your
town, write for catalogue to
A. J. TOWER. Boston. Mais.
CURE YOURSELF!
I -P*J Big O for unnatural
I Inflammations,
1 irritations or ulceration!
o&'juucoufl membrane*.
and not
6 dsn.
^THEEvMSChEMIMLOO.PaiuleM,poisonous.aatrin.
or
a*M by Pygglsto,
S* "Jrt in plain wrapper,
__ wrapper*
Circular scat as raqaeifc
MEN WANTED
LOCAL tnd Traveling Salesmen Wanted.
§8
per
day andezpenses,salesmanselllng*23per dajr
•4 per day and expensesri salesman selling *16 per
day
•3 per day and
expenses, salesman selling *13
per day
No Investment required. Previous experience not
n00.000.08 Capital! Fortr-flm Tear.
DROPSY nBwnnoovBMTMim
as®5'l*Vr® W ggtck reliefaadenies worst
WANTED-Case of bad health that B-I-P-A-IT-S
.will npt benefit. Bted 5 centa toBlpsos Chemical
?JvGe., Kew York, forlpsaQipIee and ljOWtestlesselals.
m. w. n. v.
$
SCIENTIFIC TOPICS
CURRENT NOTES OP DISCOV
ERY AND INVENTION.
iSS ———r
Sew Slgnnl System—Horse Coda of
Visual Telegraphy on Land and Sea—
The Apparatus Is Inexpensive—How
It Is Done,
Many inventions, most of which have
been impracticable from a mechanical
point of view, have been placed before
'he public with the object of produc
ing a sensible and accurate method o£
signaling at sea from places on land
that could not be connected by wire.
The need of such a system i3 clearly
shown by the difficulty experienced by
our army in Cuba and our fleet of war
vessels in those waters. Conversation
has been carried on hitherto by means
of flags representing words and sen
tences in a code by semaphores and
by helioscopes, wigwagging, etc. The
communication has been necessarily
slow and the exchange of ideas lim
ited. The wigwag is utterly useless nt
night aud the same objection applies
to nearly every other system that has
been presented.
The latest invention, and one that is
so entirely practical and simple that
it is a wonder that it has not been
discovered long ago, is known as "vis
ual telegraph" and was made by Mel
vin D. Compton of New York city. It.
is effective ether day or night and
messages can be transmitted between
vessels at sea or between different
places on land any distance that the
eye can reach with the aid of a field
or marine glass. It uses a keyboard
containing all the letters of the alpha
bet and numerals, and is so construct
ed that when an electric circuit is
closed at any desired letter or figure
on the board the characters in the
Morse alphabet corresponding to the
letter at once appear on a standard to
be read. These characters can be of
any dimensions.
On ships these may be made to ap
pear at a masthead or any suitable
height from the deek convenient for
observation from another vessel or
point of land from 10 to 20 miles away.
Vessels equipped with this contrivance
can transmit messages of any nature
by use of the ordinary telegraph alpha
bet, and war vessels having their own
private code are enabled to transmit
information from vessel to vessel with
absolute secrecy and accuracy. It is
only necessary to have a telegraph op
erator.
The apparatus is simple and inex
pensive, and the cost of maintenance
is trifling where a dynamo circuit is
obtainable. In isolated places, where
no electric light circuit can be had,
storage batteries may be used. The es
sential features of the apparatus are
a signal board upon whicn the signals
are displayed, a keyboard of the ordi
nary plug switch design and the prop
er electrical connection upon the sur
face of the signal board are arranged
a series of round holes and rectangular
spaces covered with plain or colored
glass, back of which are lights and
reflectors. The enclosing glass front
is formed of lenses of such material
and shape as best to project to a dis
tance the rays emitted from the
source of light. Each lamp is inclosed
in a separate compartment, and is so
arranged that the rays from one source
do not reflect or interfere with those
from another.
The signal board is arranged in two
rows in the following order: Three
circles, a rectangle and five circles on
the upper line and three circles and
two rectangles alternating in the lower
line. With this arrangement every
character in the Morse alphabet can
be displayed in the smallest space.
The operator simply sits at the key
board and closes each circuit required
by inserting a metal plug in such a
way that the circuit is made complete,
and immediately the characters are
flashed out from the signal board. For
example, if it is desired to send the
command "Advance," the operator in
serts the plug in the hole marked A,
and lights appear on the board behind
a rectangle and an adjacent circle
which the operator reads thus
He next withdraws the plug and inserts
It in the hole marked and the char
acters on the board o, will appear.
O€)0O0©€)©0
T) HW III' 'J! 1 ftft) Willi" *1 ft'HO
I*"*
5x§)©®©"
®QS(
S)@
For V, the next letter from the sig
nal board «rill be flashed and
so on until the end of the word. Thr
rapidity of signaling is only limited
by the speed of the operator, and nat
urally exceeds that of any system based
on semaphores, flag wagging, or helio
scope woMc. A skilled telegraph oper
ator is not necessary the only requi
site being to read the Morse alphabet.
The Navy department test requires
that the signals for its: use must be
visible at a distance of three miles, and
for the past few weeks Mr. Compton
lias been maUng a number of experi
ments with his apparatus in order to
gauge the exact power of the lights and
to discover the smallest sized signal
board whose characters could be read
three miles away. He has flashed sig
nals from the top of the Palisades,
near Fort Lee, to one of the tall office
buildings near the city hall, a distance
of six miles, that could be clearly read
with the aid of an ordinary pair of
opera glasses.
T* Follow Storms a Mile High.
The United States Weather Bureau
Is about to make the experiment of
following the course of storms and cold
waves, from the Rocky Mountains to
the Alleghenies, at an altitude of a
mile from the earth's surface. This is
to be accomplished by means of a se
ries oi fifteen or twenty high level
observing stations. By means of sim
ultaneous observations made at these
stations it is hoped that important
facts may be developed. At the height
of a mile the diurnal variations of
temperature, feit at the earth's surface,
practically disappear, and the progress
of a storm at that elevation is free
from the distracting elements intro
duced by local effects near the ground
0
A Swift Motor Cycle.
Twenty-eight motor cycles participa
ted in a race recently between Etampes
and Chartres, France. The distance,
going and returning, was about sixty
two miles. The winning vehicle, driv
en by an eight horse-power motor with"
two cylinders, made the round trip in
afcout two minutes and ten seconds less
than two hours. The speed was thirty
one and two-thirds miles per hour.
This, it is said, beats the best previous
record for road carriages.
Picture Taken In the Dark.
In photogaphing without light some
curious results are obtained with wood.
A section of a young larch tree put
in a dark place, with the prepared pho­
tographic plate, transfers its lines, one
by one, to the plate. The different
rings and layers of the bark are all
distinctly reproduced. A leaf with the
plate will be reproduced, even to its
most delicate veins.
The result looks not unlike X-ray
photography, although it reveals noth
ing of the interior structure of thf
thing photographed.
Liquid Hydrogen.
Professor Dewar succeeded in lique
fying hydrogen at the Royal Institution
in London on May 10th last. He pro
duced half a wineglassful of the liquid,
the boiling pont of which was found
.to be about 400 degrees Fahrenheit De
low zero. When a tube, closed at the
lower end, was dipped into the liquid
hydrogen, it was almost instantaneous
ly filled with solid air, so quickly were
the oxygen and nitrogen of the atmos
phere frozen by the fearful cold! Hel
ium, which, like hydrogen, has hitherto
resisted efforts to liquefy it, was also
liquefied by Professor Dewar on tne
same day, the liquid hydrogen being
employed as an agent in the process.
The boiling point of helium is near
that of hydrogen.
Beavers in the National Zoological Gar
den, Wisshlugton.
Regular beaver colonies are now es
tablished in the garden, and they build
dams, erect houses and carry on the
processes of their life as if in their
native woods. This most interesting
animal bids fair to become extinct. In
Europe but a few hundred individuals
remain, and it is a subject of congrat
ulation that such success has been at
tained with them in the national cap
ital. They are becoming so tame that
their wonderfully ingenious work cap
be watched by the visitors.
Spectacles for Horses.
It is asserted in Popular Science
News that spectacles for horses are
among recently patented inventions.
The purpose is said to be not to im
prove the sight, but by«causing the
ground in front to appear nearer than
it really is, to induce ths horse to take
high steps. After a training with such
spectacles, it is averred the horse ac
quires and retains the habit of high
stepping.
Fatal to aiosqultoes.
According to the Public Health Jour
nal mosquitoes cannot abide the touch
of permanganate of potash. It is in
stantly fatal to the insects in all their
stages of development. A handful, it
is averred, will kill all the mosquito
embryos in a ten-acre swamp. It is
recommended to scatter a few crystals
of permanganate widely through
marshes in which mosquitoes abound.
Water Hags of Paper.
The Japanese make water-bags of
rioe paper which are said to be more
durable, as well as less expensive, than
similar articles made of rubber. Be
tween the layers of paper, which is soft
and flexible, resin is used, and the out
side is covered with lacquer.
A Chicago man has patented a cross
cut saw which- can be operated by one
man, a crescent-shaped blade being
pressed against trie log by a spring and
rocked part way around a circle by
means of
crank
and gear wheel*
1
M.'®
PLEBES AT WEST POINT.^
Embryo Warrior* Are Made to Amuse
the Yearlings at the Academy.
If the new fourth classmen, or
"plebs," as they are mo3t frequently
'called, who entered the military aca
demy at West Point a short time ago,
think that on account of the war with
Spain they will not be hazed,
their hopes are bound to be
rudely shattered. For weeks the
yearlings have been preparing a
warm reception for them. War
or no war, the time-hnnorcd custom of
double stepping and choo-chooing
"plebs" will be faithfully observed. A
cavalry recruit might just as well hope
to escape a blanket tossing as the new
"plebe" to miss the setting up exer
cises, which Grant, Sherman and Sher
idan tried in vain to dodge. The "plebe"
who has successfully passed the en
trance examinations first reports to the
adjutant, and, after registering, is sent
to the assembly room, where cadet offi
cers are on hand to give him a warm
reception. "Knock!" is the advice giv
en by the tired looking orderly who
showed him the way, and the new re
cruit is left to his own thoughts. The
response to his timid tap is like the
roar of the reveille gun. "Come in!"
echoes from basement to roof. The tone
is like the lion's roar. It strikes ter
ror deep down in the heart of the new
soldier, who instinctively recoils, and
for the first time wishes himseif at
home. The door opens with a dozen
cadets who regard him with absolute
indifference. Nobody questions the
new arrival, and he is forced to intro
duce himself. It is then only his trou
bles begin. He finds that in address
ing or answering upper classmen he
must invariably use the word "sir." He
also discovers that all questions, how
ever senseless or ridiculous, must be
answered. Here are a few samples:
"Where are you from, Mr. Dumbjohn
"Chicago." "Say sir, Chicago, sir."
"How do you know you are from Chi
cago, Mr. Dumbjohn?" "I don't know,
sir." Well, you are a stupid product,
Mr. Dumbjohn. Do you know any
thing?" "Yes, sir." "What do you
know, sir?" It is usually at this point
that Mr. Dumbjohn wilts and admits
he knows nothing. Then a corporal
takes the new arrival in charge and his
lot thenceforward for at least a year is
not a happy one. In camp the "plebe"
guard is usually tackled by ghosts on
dark, stormy nights and tossed into
Fort Clinton's moat. The new fourth
classmen are drilled continuously.
Whether walking through the company
streets, or "off duty" on the plains, the
"plebe" must be always at attention.
In his tent work will be found for him
by the "yearlings." Cleaning guns,
making lemonade and doing general
police work leaves little time for home
sickness. Sitting on a bayonet or
chewing the side of a cot or double
stepping by the hour are some of the
things a "plebe" must do to amuse up
per classmen. A new amusement was
invented last summer by a "yearling"
who has since been discharged. He
named it the "Sammy" race. Two
"plebes" are blindfolded, and each is
furnished with a jug of molasses and
a spoon. The command "Feed" is then
given and one "plebe" tries to feed the
other with the molasses. By the time
half the stuff is exhausted nearly all
the wasps and hornets in camp are
settled on the "plebes'" uniforms,
drinsing in the surplus sugar deposited
there. The recruits are then released,
and no time is lost in trying to doff
the sweetened blouses. He is a for
tunate "plebe" who manages to escape
from this exercise without at least a
half dozen wasp stings. When a
"plebe" is ordered to laugh he usually
"fins out," palms of his hands to the
front, and, with his back against a tree,
smiles pleasantly for an hour. This
is regarded as great amusement by the
upper classmen. Fistic combats may
now be looked for between the "plebes"
and "yearlings."—New York Press.
Propagating the Rose.
The first matter for atttention is the
wood from which the cuttings are to
be made. It must neither be too hard
nor too soft. To be sure of getting it
at about the right stage, make up the
cuttings from the flower shoots or
stalks at the terminus of which the
flower is borne, just at the time the
flower naturally wilts and the petals
fall. It is not necesssary at all in
making the cuttings to have an eye,
or joint it might be called, at the end
of the cutting which enters the sand,
as is often supposed. Make the cut
tings about two and one-half inches
in length, using a sharp knife, and in
cutting let the stroke be slightly slant
ing. The ends of the cutting should
be cut clean and smooth, and not mash
ed or bruised in any way. Let'several
leaves remain on each cutting, but trim
off the tips of the outer leaves. Now
procure a saucer or pan of some sort
deep enough to hold about two inches
of sand. After putting it in the sand
to a depth of about two inches, water
heavily until it is thoroughly soaked.
With a knife make several cuts one
and one-fourth inches deep across the
sand, and in these incisions insert the
cuttings, pinching the sand about the
base of each cutting as it is put in.
When the pan is filled with the cut
tings about an inch apart, or perhaps
a little more, set the pan in full sun
light, there to remain every day during
the rooting process. The only opera
tion necessary each day while rooting
is to keep the sand thoroughly satur
ated with water. Neglect this one day
and the chances are that the whole
lot will be spoiled.—From Woman's
Home Companion.
Only Case an Reeord.
Through all his passionate pleadings
she sat absolutely unmoved, it was1
the first instance ever noted where a
woman sat
:thus
wbo had secured pos­
session of a piazsa rocker.—Cincinnati
Enquirer. ,,
fc $ 34 -3^ X,
Bneotraglag Baeaelorkool.
A fifteen-story bachelor apartment
building is to be elected on the south
east corner of Fifth avenue and Forty
fifth street, New York, by the Mat
thew Byrnes estate, at a cost of $750,
000 or more. Matthew Byrnes, who
made a fortune as a builder, bought
this plot in 1857 for $80,000. It is now
worth 11,000,000.
The Blsrsieat Bicycle In the World.
A German has just completed a bi
cycle that has one wheel nine feet in
dianietcr. Two people ride on it—one
on each side. It runs easily because of
its scientific construction. The scien
tific formula of Hostetter's Stomach
Bitters is the reason of its great vir
tues in making the weak strong. If
your health is poor, try a bottle.
The Only One.
The Sage—There is only one success*
ful argument to lie employed in a con
troversy with a woman.
The Tyro—And what is that?
The Sage—Dead silence.—Puck.
Mis. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup.
rorchildren teething, softens the gums, reduces in
flammation,allayv pain,cures wind
colic. 25c a bottle.
To be always thinking about your manners Is
not the way to make them good the very per
fection of manners is not to think about your
self.—Whately.
Hall's Catarrh Care
Is a constitutional cure. Price, 75c.
After all, our worst misfortunes never hap
pen and most miseries lie in anticipation.—Bal
zac.
For a perfect complexion and a clear,
healthy skin, use COSMO BUTTERMILK.
SOAP. Sold everywhere.
Recolelctlon Is the only paradise from which
we cannot be turned out.—Uichter.
The sure way to miss success is to miss the
opportunity.—P. Charles.
Educate Tour Bowels With Cascarets.
.Candy Cathartic cure constipation forever.
i0c, Zoc. If c. C. C. fail, druggists refund money.
There Is not a string attuned to mirth but has
Its chord of melancholy.—Hood.
Bicycles and anti-fat are responsible for a
considerable falling oft in the population.
STARCH
RCeUIRESNOCOOKINO.
DUES HUMS CUBS STIFF AID RICE
MM FUST HU3HT KEW.
Give
||i
ONE P0BN0 OF THIS STARCH WIU 00
AS
FAR AS A POUND AND A HALF
OF ANY OTHER
MAMr«EruRtoSURCH.
ONLVSP
JUC.HUBINQER BROS'C?
\KeokukJowa.
ritt
ax.
I WlU.S\)RtvtNDn0
Everybody surrenders to Battle Ax.
There is no greater hardship than to be de
prived of your
&at!!!%
PLUG
and any one who has onct. chewed Battle Ax
will give up most any thing to get it. JOc. buys
a larger piece of Battle Ax than of any other
kind of high grade quality.
Remember
FARMLANDS
s/fT/'v 'A
Sy
To Our* OonstlpattM:
Tslra Cascarets Candy Cathartic. 10c or Sa.
If a C. fall to cure, druggist* refund none*
A stale cake I* a cracked old made, and a t!»
of dry biscuit la a crusty old batch.
ITATED
TOE EXCELLENCE OF SYRUP OF FIGS
is'due not only to the originality and
simplicity of the combination, but also
to the care and skill with which it is
manufactured by scientific processes
known to the CALIFORNIA FIG SVRU*
Co. only, and we wish to impress upon
all the importance of purchasing the
true and
original
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FRANCISCO, CaL
LOUISVILLE. Kt. XKW ynnc.
IRONING MADE
EASY.
HAS MANY IMITATORS, BUT NO EQUAL.
Thfc Qfarrlt
ihe name
when you buy again.
•A HANDFUL OP DIRT MAY BE A HOUSE*
FUL OP SHAME." CLEAN HOUSE WITH
SAPOLIO
Join the big lmmlcrfttloa to the Sfc Paul* Dm
lath qwfrtiT In Minnesota. T-rMst hrrattoa
and cheapon land in tte eouatry. Mann*
Circulars fir**. Addron,
HOPEWELL
Land CoamtaloMr, St. 1
2gt
-"ft4*A
!ig
&
is re ared
only starch that is perfectly harmless,
fkfl! Con***™* no arsenic, alum or other in
jurious substance. Can be used even
for a baby powder.
*'.
remedy. As the
genuine Syrup of Fig's is manufactured
by the CALIFORNIA FIG SVRUP CO.
only, a knowledge of that fact will
assist one in avoiding the worthless,
imitations manufactured by other par
ties. The high standing of the CALI
FORNIA FIG SYRUP CO. with the medi
cal^ profession, and the satisfaction
which the genuine Syrup of Figs has
given to millions of families, makes
the name of the Company a guaranty
of the excellence of its remedy. It is
far in advance of all other laxatives,
as it acts on the kidneys, liver and
bowels without irritating or weaken
ing them, and it does not gripe nor
nauseate. In order to get its beneficial
effects, please remember the name of
the Company
1
°n
11115 O Idl til scientific princi
ples, by men who have had years of
experience in fancy laundering. It
restores old linen and summer dresses
to their natural whiteness
and imparts
a beautiful and lasting finish. The
ASK YOUR GROCER FOR IT AND TAKE NO OTHER.
A
Term,'*
'A
'3
.m

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