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T' ?$ A $ 7 fU $ i* 1 i* "8 OOVKWNOB M'COBP. MHM •M At TMm BOB. Myron H. fecCord, sx-iOTsrnor •tNsw Itateo, In a latter to Dr. Hart* bu, froih Washington, D. 0., ssy»: Gsntlsmen—At ths suscwtlon of friend 1 vai Advised tc use Pe-ru-na for catarrh, and after using one bottle began to feel better In every way. It Hon. M. H. McCord. helped me in many respects. I was troubled with colds, coughs, sore throat, etc., but as soon as I had t~ken your medicine 1 began to improve and soon got well. I take pleasure in rec ommending your great remedy to all who are afflicted with catarrh.—M. H. McCord. Thousands of cases of chronic ca tarrh have been cured by Pe-ru-na during the past winter. In spite rt changeable weather, in spite of the na tural set-backs from catching cold, and confinement to illy-ventilated rooms, the great catarrh remedy—Pe-ru-na— has effected these cures. But now spring is here. The days are longer, the sun is warmer, and the blizzard is gone for another year. This pret.nts a much more favorable opportunity for the permanent cure of cbronic catarrh, especially old, stubborn cases. Now Is the time to begin treatment. Other things being equal, one month's treat ment in the spring is worth two months' treatment during the inclem ent weather of winter. Insist upon having Pe-ru-na. There are no suc cessful substitutes for this remedy. Send to Dr. Hartman, Columbus, O., for a free catarrh book. Pnaltingr Uunlne»i». "I though holly's father started him in business." "He did but business was so dull that Oh oily bad to get an alarm clock to wake himself up when it was time to go home."—Puck. PATENTS. Mat of Patents Iaaned Laat Week to Northwextern Inventor.. Edward H. Burger, Dulutto, Minn., safety pocket Carroll D. Clipfell, Redwood Falls, Miim, automatic •winging stacker Augustus S. Lock rem, and O. Estwik, Fierpont, S. D., tongue cap and line guard John U. G. Morrison and A. A. Kregnes, Hook er, S D., cultivator William P. Shat tuck, Minneapolis, Minn., syringe. Alerwln, Lothrop & Johnson, Patent At torneys, 910 Pioneer Press Bldg., St. Paul. He Couldn't Swallow That. "Come, come, dheer up" said the op tlmist "it's all for the best, remem ber." "So it seems," said the pessimist. "At all events, we secondi-best ones don't seem to get any."—Ally Sloper. Onion Bead It II 1 im ts 1 A •St $ 680 and Up a Lh Catalogue tells how to grow 1213 bus. ner acre as easily as 100 bushels. Largest gr°™ers of Earliest Vegetables and plrm Seeds. Earliest vegetables always pay. Balzer Seeds produce them weeks ahead toes |ie208 a B°biee Berry 150 PW lb- Pota- Cut this out and send with 14c for great Catalogue and 10 packages or vegetable J"}1 flower seed novelties to JOHN A CROSSE. mlf™ C°MPANY- tw .'^ Well Eiarned. Bill—I tell you, a fellow never knows what a good dinner is until he has to work for it. Jill—Ah! they madle you carve the duck, did they?—Yonkere Statesman. The woman who weds a "bad egg" need not expect to find the matrimonial yolk pleasant. %ka THE EXCELLENCE OF SYRUP OF HQS Is due not only to the originality simplicity of the combination, but to the care and skill with which it is manufactured by scientific processes KNOWN to the California. Fio Syrup Co. only, and we wish to impress upon .. all-the importance of purchasing' the true and original remedy. As the genuine Syrup of Figs is manufactured by the California Fie Syrup Co. only, a knowledge of- that fact will assist one in avoiding the worthless imitations manufactured by other par-, ties. The high standing of the Cau- POWIA Fro SrkvF Co. with the niedi* profession, aijid «hev satisfaction which the genitive 3yrup of Figs has jfiysa to millions of families,' makes the name'of the Company a guaranty -of the excellence of its remedy. It Is Bar in advance of all other laxative*, to acts on kidneys, liver and bowels without Iriitatin# pr weaken ing them, aid It, does not grip6 nor nauseate.' In order tc ^et its heiip&ciat effects, please remember ths uaiwe of t(iei3o9ipany-- '€0M ism mu k«u.av. DAIRY AMD POULTRY. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR •OUR RURAL READERS. if Bow '.-• •.. :.* A "'V SaeMMfal Farmers Operat. Thl* DtpwtaMt of tha nurai—A raw HlnU to tba Car. of Live Stock •nd Poultry. Feeding of Calves. J. M. Trueman. in an address to Pennsylvania farmers, said: If skim milk cannot be obtained, «t Is possible to raise excellent calves on hay tea. Take a large pot and All It with early cut clover or timothy hay, cover it with water and boil for half an hour. The tea thus made is very nutritious and is much relished by the calves. I have made a common prac tice of warming a little skim milk by pouring into it hot hay tea and found it a very satisfactory drink for calves. The clear tea may be improved by add ing to it some of the linseed jelly and also a small amount of scalded mid dlings. Two gallons of hay tea with scalded linseed and middlings and bran and ground oats, and clover hay for dry feed would be a good day's ration for a calf two months old. Calves dropped in the spring should not be turned out to pasture the first summer, as more uniform growth will be obtained by feeding them in the barn away from the beat and flies. It is generally more convenient to have calves that are to be raised dropped in the fall, as they can be given more attention during the winter, and are In good condition to make use of pas ture the next summer. Even at six months old, however, they should not be left unprotected in the beat, but should have a darkened barn or shed to which they can go to get away from the files. Don't leave them out late in the fall, but take them to the barn before the cold begins to pinch them. The second winter the yearlings should be supplied with food that will form bone and muscle. They will be able to eat considerable roughage, as straw and corn fodder, but will also need some concentrated food. It is not desirable to harden their muscles too much, as it is apt to hinder growth. Give them roots or silage once a day to keep the muscles soft and growing. If you have neither of these foods, plan to have one of them next year, and in the meantime feed wheat bran and linseed in small quantities, or any nitrogenous food, as dried brewers' grains or gluten feed. If the heifers show signs of getting fat, reduce the linseed meal. Give them one feed a day of good clover hay. The heifers should be bred to drop their first calves at about two years old. While pregnant feed rather more liberally with a view to developing a good udder. When within a few months of calving Increase the grain feed in order that the udder may be developed, and that the drain of the growing calf may not be too heavy on the system of the young cow. Two weeks before calving, reduce the feed and give soft food, and do not return, to full feed for at least two weeks after calving. Many men have been successful in raising calvcs, who have not followed the plan outlined in this paper, and therefore I do not claim that other methods of detail may not be just as good. The principles, however, re main always the same. Wise breeding and judicious feeding, with a never ending care for the health and com fort of the animals, will bring success, and their neglect will just as surely bring defeat and disappointment. Preventing Disease. In an address to the Poultry Class of the Rhode Island Agricultural Col lege, Dr. Woods said: Supposing we have observed care in breeding and rearing our fowls—how shall we prevent disease? Unsanitary surroundings, dampness, crowding, impure water, improper food, neglect and want of exercise, are all factors in breeding disease. It does not matter whether it is a germ dis ease or not. Subjected to such condi tions, even the strong sound constitu tion breaks down, and with it vanishes immunity. Poultry houses should be built on land that is dry and well drained. Per sonally I am in favor of the open front scratching shed house since it permits open air exercise all the year round, with necessary shelter from wind and storm. Next to the scratching shed house comes the large well lighted pen, with plenty of room for exercise. I do not favor ventilators, believing that the best of them are prone to create drafts —and sleeping fowls subjected to drafts will soon become victims of colds. Build the houses tight and warm. There is little danger of getting them too snug. Have the windows made to open, and give the houses a thor ough airing daily by opening the doors and windows while the fowls are exer cising. This will secure all the venti lation needed. If, after adopting this plan, the house 6eems to need ventilat ing, you can make sure that you have overestimated its capacity, and that what you want in the house is not ven tilators, but fever fowl?. Sunlight Is Important to health your house must be so placed that through the day sunlight may penetrate to all parts of It. Sunshine and pure air are tha greatest blood purifiers. A very dusty house Is not desirable. Fowls can stand more dust than we can, but constant breathing of a dust laden atmosphere invites catarrhal troubles. Dust has Its place in the ponltry house, and that place Is in the dust bath, which should be located in some sunny corner of the house or shed. The dust bath Is a necessity, since it is the natural method of-clean skin and feathers, sod keeping h/ dBM as they .show" be so ted as to induce .u them to, scrau»i and exercise. Instead f?*a*7Von roosts must be avoided if freedom from colds is to be during the winter, had, tor crowding Is almost certain to result in sweating, and subsequent chill. It is best avoided by allowing no more fowls to a pen than it will af ford comfortable roosting room. II they have warm, roomy quarters, and are well cared for, they will not crowd enough to do them harm. Dampness should never be tolerated fowls cannot thrive in damp quarters. Dampness that may result from house sweating can be overcome by airing the house well each day. The length of time for the airing is to be deter mined by the condition of the weather. Detection of Lice. Lice may exist on fowls and chicks without being discovered, and that is a difficulty in the way of those who are endeavoring to convince the inexperi enced of such fact, says Mirror and Farmer. In a brood of chickens two or three may perhaps be weaker than the others, and these will be almost sure to have ten times the number ol vermin on them than the strong and healthy ones, and the only way to ac count for it is that the weak chickens do not seem to have the strength and energy to dust themselves hence it is a matter of impossibility for them tc thrive when they have vermin upon them, which not only suck the blood but derive a great deal of. nutriment out of the shooting quills, which is. ol course, very weakening to the chickens. More chickens are killed through the ravages of vermin than from all the diseases put together. The birds are so weakened by these pests that they are very susceptible to many ailments, and where chickens have been practi cally killed by lice, in almost every case the gall-duct of the liver is very full, and in some instances overflows and occasionally bursts. When chick ens have many vermin upon them their feathers usually look a little rough, eyes pale all round and sunken, and there is a line underneath the eye which gives the bird a peculiar appear ance, as if the beak was too long foi the head (crow head), and then th« wings too long for the body. Even when the youngsters appear strong and healthy it is well to catch one or twe occasionally and examine them vers closely, and if tbere are the least signs they should be well dusted, with in sect powder so as to destroy what few there are. Those which have a large number of vermin upon them should be well dusted with insect powdei twice, the second from five to seven days after the first dressing, also, at the same time, applying a few drops of sweet oil on the heads. When dust ing the chicken place a large sheet ol paper on a table and lay the bird on its back, then part the feathers and shake the powder well in, so that th« whole of the skin is covered with it turn the bird over and rub the prepara tion well into the ends of the flights among the quills. After they have been well dusted the powder should b€ knocked off the surface of the feath ers with the hand on the paper so thai nono is wasted. Apparatna for Ripening Cream. A correspondent of the National Stockman sends the following contri bution to that journal in regard to the ripening of cream: There is one point that should be emphasized, that is the importance cl ripening and just how to ripen the cream. To keep the cream in the liv ing room, or in the kitchen, around the fire, as many butter makers do, is one of the surest ways of spoiling the but ter, and where but few cows are milk ed keeping a room warmed up to ihe proper temperature especially for ri pening the cream is attended with toe much expense. A few years ago we stumbled into a way that is practical, economical, and gives the best results. We bought what is known as a bread raiser, and after using it for that pur pose for awhile we found that it was just the thing to warm up the cream. Any one handy with tools can make one, and the cost is but a trifle. Ours is a wooden box 31 inches high, 27 inches wide, and 18 inches deep, with a sheet iron bottom or division IE inches from the floor. In the undei part there should be a small door foi putting in the lamp, required to give the heat. The sheet iron division should fit close so as to keep all gat from the lamp entering the uppei E?£.rtment. A few small holes undei the sheet iron will let out the gas from lamp. In the upper apartment a slatted movable bottom should be placed two or three inches above the sheet iron on which to set the cream bucket or bread tray. A lid covers the box and keeps out dust, etc. With a thermometer inside the lamp can be regulated to give any temperature de sired. A box of this kind can be made larger or smaller to suit individual wants. Poisoning Rabbits.—The Port Lava can tells of two brothers engaged la raising cabbage extensively in Calhoun county, who had suffered considerable loss from the ravages of rabbits. Tha following plan of destroying the pest was resorted to by the brothers and proved successful: They soak sweet potatoes in strychnine .twenty-foui hours. The potatoes are then cut up and pieces fastened on pointed stick* driven into the ground. This is tempt ing food for the rabbits and a few bitea are always fatal. The destroyer diei on the spot and at best seldom gett over an acre away before dropping. More than a hundred rabbits have al ready been killed at the Kelly cabbagc field and If the custom 1b generally fol lowed the country will soon be entirely free from the pests. A piece of sw.eet potato at the end of each row is all that:, is necessary. A light meal In the morning, with a full ipeal at night. Is better than feeding* the fowls three times %. day, of remaining in a condition of Idleness Type* of Sheep. At the meeting of the g""i* State Board of Agriculture, John A. Craig, professor of animal husbandry in Iowa Agricultural College, delivered an ad dess on the sheep that breeders and handle. In part he feeders should said In Judging of the good and qualities in pure bred sheep in breeding classes, the subject of breed type sbould receive careful consider ation. While it has a bearing on the judging of all classes of pure bred stock, yet it is of double importance in the pure bred classes of sheep. The type that has been characteris tic of each breed has arisen from a va riety of causes. In all instances the breeder's skill in selecting and mating has been a controlling factor, while other influences have more or less as sisted. In some instances, the func tion of the animal or the work it is called upon to do has had a strong in fluence. This is evident in the Instance of the running horse, the trotting horse and the dairy cow, where the form or the type has developed from the function. In other instances the environment has aided man in his work of selection and this i3 notably true of sheep. The adaptability of sheep for different altitudes of land en ables us to divide them into lowland breeds, upland or down breeds and mountain breeds, and it is connnected with the subject of breed type, for the environment of such lands develops the type that does the best upon them. The lowland breeds are large, square and strong framed, and heavy producers of wool and mutton the down breeds are smaller, but rounder and more com pact, with fleece, frame and mutton of better quality. The mountain breeds must have more vigor and agility than these previously mentioned to earn subsistence under rougher conditions,' so that the possession of a rugged cdn-' stitution, active disposition, with strong limbs and muscles are of more importance than the other features that are characteristic of other types. Man seeks to fix the type that he has found characteristic of the breeds, by elaborating scales of points represent ing the features of the types desired, and toward the production of these ideal types all breeders bend their en ergies. The type of breed having been de cided upon by all the breeders, it should be the aim of the breeders and the judges to recognize it. for aside from an acknowledgment of the wishes of the breeders it is a point of direct value to do so. When a breed has been uniformly bred to a type for a period of 20 years or so the type has become so fixed that it is uniformly transmit ted. Two of the most powerful fac tors aiding the fixing of the type of a breed are the breeders seeking to pro duce the animal of ideal type as repre sented by the scale of points and the judges conforming to it in the show ring. The result is of value to the breeding interests, as it assists in mak ing the breeds prepotent or able to transmit their characteristics with a greater degree of certainty. A Swine Breeder'* Reputation. Allen Park, in an address to swine breeders, said: A breeder's reputation is an important factor with his busi ness. In one sense of the word it is the whole success of his business. On the other hand a breeder's reputation is the cause of the failure of his busi ness. For a breeder to have a reputa lion beyond reproach is one of the main pathways to success for in this day and time whenever he has a call for trade, whether it be from his news paper "ad.," his sale catalogue, his friend or what not, the ques tion is most invariably asked by almost every one who contemplates buying and who hears of the breeder that has what he wants: will it be a credit to me to buy from said breeder? Can I Improve by buying such? Or, in other words, what sort of a reputa tion has the breeder mentioned? Has he treated his customers heretofore with a credit to them and himself as well? If so, I will trouble myself to negotiate some with him. If not I will pass him by. And very often it is thought, if not spoken, that any one buying not only wants to buy an in dividual in individuality and breeding a credit to him, but wants to buy from some one that will also be a credit to him. For a breeder's reputation to be other than a credit to him will most assuredly lead to a failure of his busi ness—that is, a failure to what it might be had his reputation been otherwise. A breeder with such a reputation may prosper for a while, but, like murder, will out. And he then wonders why he does not prosper like he used to. Consequently he says "there is nothing in the hog business. Hogs are going down," etc. The fact is his lack of a good reputation has caused him to fail in the business. It is a fact that have attended a sale where I sat upon the seats and thought I might buy some hogs I wanted of such breeding catalogued for the sale and of such individuality as saw sell but knowing the reputation of the breeder making the sale I could do nothing more than look on with suspicion, never making a bid and tearing that If I bought any thing it would not be of such breeding as catalogued, that I would not get my papers to the animal bought, and if it proved a non-breeder could not get him to stick to his guarantee regarding same. Lazyman's Dirty Milk.—Some one has fittingly said: "As the strength of a chain is governed by its weakest link, so the quality of creamery but ter is governed by the dirtiest milk sent to the vat.It is admitted that the most serious drawback to the creamery is that it matters not how skillful or how careful the manage* may be.* he.is stt the- mercy' of the laziest, dirtiest and most carcless of iis milk suppliers.—Ex v« Sri h" Afiinltml "What Is raised mostly in damp cli mates?" silked the teacher. "Umbrellas," replied Jotonny. Oar N»T«1Station at San Jnan. The United States naval station, to be located at San Juan, Porto Rico, will be of the utmost importance as bad the key to the situation when the Nic the I aragua canal is constructed. The key to good health is Hostetter's Stomach Bitters. It guards the digestive or gans from attacks of indigestion, bil iousness and constipation. Welcomed the Announcement. "Aha! the plot thickens!" exclaimed the hero, as he strode across the stage. "Good!" responded a voice from the gallery. "It's pretty thin so far."— Ohio State Journal. IN THE GREAT NORTHWEST. letter From the Kansas and Nebraska Delegate* to Dauphin. this Prince Albert, Sask., 17th August, 189S. William McCreary, Esq., Immigra tion Commissioner, Winnipeg, Man: Sir—We, the undersigned cieiegate3 from Kansas and Nebraska, U. S. A., in reporting the results of our trip to Dauphin, and subsequently to Regina, Prince Albert and the middle Sas katchewan country, beg to say that our tickets were limited to 21 days, and as we had other large regions to visit, we could only spend a short time in the Dauphin country. We examined, how ever, the principal cultivated areas in the southern parts of township 25, range 19, the great wheat fields of Wis hart, Buchanan, Owen, Smith, Ross. Sinclair, the Whitmores, Drinkwaters, etc., and subsequently, others to the north, and never, in our experience, have we seen finer grain, The whole country is watered by numerous streams flowing from the slopes of Riding Mountain, and excellent well water is found every where at from 9 to 18 feet. Extensive forests of spruce and tamarack cover the northern parts pf the mountains, from which timber Is manufactured in Dauphin and else where, and sold at $12 a thousand at the mills. Wild hops and wild fruit3 are abundant, and ripen in the open air. Vegetation throughout is surpris ingly luxuriant, and without hesita tion we would rank the whole region amongst the best grain growing areas of the continent. The output of wheat last year was about 75,000 bushels, but year it is estimated at over a mil lion. Westward lie the homestead lands which now, and when fresh sur veys are completed, will afford com fortable homes to thousands of dili gent families. The great Gilbert Plains, also, we were unable to visit, where grain growing has been conduct ed with the best results for years, and which will become a vast wheat field as soon as a branch railway reaches there. Settlement is speeding in all these regions, reminding us indeed of the early days in our own states and, aB we have examined, since our visit to Dauphin, a portion of the great coun try lying south and east of Prince Al bert, we can readily imagine the tide of immigration which will soon flow Into the Canadian west. (Signed) George S. Bennett. Hall's Summit, Kan. S. W. Bennett, Hall's Summit, Kan. E. F. Brooks, West phalia, Kan. John Flannery, Stuart, Neb. You are not very good if you arc not better than your best friends im agine you to be.—Lavater. ..Mw. Wlnslow'ssoothlnirSyrup. For children teething, softens the gums, reduces In flammation, allays pain, cures wind colic. 25c a bottle. The medium food spirits. should always be in CT I A SLICKER WILL KEEP YOU DRY. Don't be fooled with a mackintosh or rubber coat. If youwanlacoat that will keep you diy in the hard est storm buy the Fish Brand Slicker. If not for sale In your tows, write for catalogue to A. J. TOWER, Boston. Mass. There's Only One Stand ard of Quality in Athletic Goods— "Spalding." Accept no sustitute. Handsome Catalogue Free. A. Q. SPALDING BROS. New York. Chicago. Denver. WHEATI J$p, *i,ooo K» V» w. w. A S4 1 v'sl"1 J#?S3&y* 1 YOUR "Every morning I You must not have consti pated bowels if you expect the Sarsaparilla to do its best work. But Ayer's Pills cure constipa tion. We have a book on Paleness and Weakness which you may have for the asking. WrNm to our floofom. Perhaps you would like to consult eminent physicians abont your condl tioa. Write u«_freely all the particulars in your case, reply. Yom 1 receive* prompt Address, DB. J. a AVER, Lowell. "**T UNCLE SAM GOOD enough FOR And good enough for you. There it more of Carter's Ink used by the TJ. S. Govern ment than of all other makes put together. It costs you no more than the pooreat—» ask for it. Funny booklet "How to Make Ink pictures" free. CARTER'S INK CO.. Boston. Mass. Currie, Stevens Point, Wis. When Answering Advertisements Mention This Taper. An Old Crooked Stick QDDAIIU held up a hobbling man after a 1 l^a J/iLUDJ Ul sound and cured. "A FAIR FACE MAY PROVE A FOUL BAR GAIN." MARRY A PLAIN GIRL IF SHE USES SAPOLIO llin. i: 'I A 4 $ hsve bsd taste in my mouth my tongue is coated my head aches and I often feel dizzy. I have no appetite for breskfsst and what food I est distresses me. I have a heavy feeling in my stomach. I am getting so weak that sometimes I tremble snd my nerves are all unstrung. I am getting pale and thin, sm as tired in the morning ss at night." What does your doctor say? You are suffering from Im pure blood." What is bis remedy St.. EXCUR SIONS.. Of home seekers and settlers for tbe wheat lands of Western Canada over the nrin. cipal lines of railway once a week Fa. tb?1 applX to the Department al Interior, Ottawa, Canada, or Ben Davie*. 154 East Third St., St. Paul, a* 1. O. I •'d\ Kindly straightened him up, iniiiiinimmm lPkg. imi FOR 14 CENTS wish to ffmta this year KKLOOO new cattomerft. and htnoo off«r Aaruwb ivra oeei, ___ Long Llihtn'* Cccnmb«r loo Salzer'aBcst Xettoce, 1 CalifornU FigTomato, Karlr Dinner Onion, 8 Brilliant Flower Seei Wartk $1.00, Ite 14 eeata. Above 10 pkgs. worth 81.00, we will nail ron free, together with onr great Plant and Seed Catalogue cponreoeipt of this notice A lie Postage. We inrite jonr trade ana know when yoa onee try Sailer's aeeaaronwlllnerer get alongwtth ontthem. Onion Seed 68c.and SALZKR SDW CO* CMMH, WIS. •iiiinnnimmmm CURE YOURSELF! .Pf ®. for unnatural discharges, inttammatloUL I irritations or ulceratioaa- iMBtuUa. °i oocous membransSL. I ivMkyDraigM^ PJ la plain wrapper* by ttpriM, prepaid, tl.00, or 3 bottle*, 12.75. Circular mt on niiiiMl smoked IN A few boots with I *«*USEM' UpU,D EXTRACT OF SMOKE. .circular. It.KKACSKKA IKMIIliu,fa, A GOOD CARDEN toa pleasure and a profit. Grstc7*s seed book tecto aright beginning. Srqpxr's Seed tesantk*- V' uostsoooesstnleadlag. detUMbookaawit'TfteT JMBJ.IkflliaORYftSOII.HsiMafcMtl PRPPSYSSSggiBgas •MSI. Book of testimonials aad lftfliTi'tTWI Oa*HewTark.foriOsaap)Maadu ,'1 -l 4.'