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.1#J. 4 :~"v*^ 1 ,, VA"^ The PIOHMB I) kf s* •iV r* OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. (TATS OMCIU 0.8. RepteeentatiTe, B. F. Spalding. Senator*, H.C. Haiubrough,P. McCnmber Governor, B. F. Fanchler. Lieut. Governor, J. M. Dovlne. Secretary of 8tat% Fred Valley. State HMMUW, D. W Drlaeoll. State Auditor, A.N.QKlblom. Attorney General, John Oowan. Judge* Supreme Court, X. C. Young, Al fred Wafiln, J.M. Bartholomew. Railroad Commlselonera, John Simons. Henry Briekaon.L.L.Wftito?. Superintendent ot Public Inatructlon, J. G. H&Ufendi Commli«lon«rofln»urMioe,OW. Harrl on Commlaaloner ot Agriculture and Labor, B. U. Thomaa. tlMIOM. First Dlitrlot, Judaon LaKoure.Pembina. Second DUtrict, Jams* Fuller, BLThomaa BUPBMMWATLRLA. Pint District, W. J. Watt, Hyde Park, J. D. Wallace, Drayton. Second District, S.H. Reatemayer, Cava- Her, 8ohn Thordaraon, Hensel. Judge of the District Court, Serenth Ju dicial District, O. B. Bauter.Qrafton. Clork of District Court, A. L. Alrth. COUNTY OTFIC1U, States Attorney, W. J. Burke.. ,. 8herlff. F. J. Arrow. Andltor, Paul William* Treaeurer, Robert McBrlde. Register of Deeds, 3, M. Chlsholm. County Judee, V. Qnackcnbudt, Superintendent of dohools, 0. B. Jackson. 8arveyor, 8.0. McQuln. Joroner, Dr. G.F. Brsklne. COUNTY OOMKlSSlONMS. First District, F. C. Myriok, Pembina. Second District, S. 1. Sigf osson, Mountain Third District, Geo. Taylor, Bathgate. Fourth District, J. P. Hicks, Nephe. Fifth District, H. P. Ottem, St. Thomaa. COUNTY JUSTIGM. C. Murphy Neche. J. R. Joy. Olasston. B. H. Bergman. Gardar. K. L. Buck, Crystal. 5 COUWTY COHWABLM. Thos. McFadden. Neche. C. B. Flora, Walhalla. Marshall Jackeon, Neche. A. B. Foiling, Cr\»tal.« OFFICIAL CITY PAPER. •araasi&cB, «2.oo PIOMCKB rect jlstxt-OAC A Wardwell. G. G. Thomifson, WABSWELL mOXVBOH. The BSPMse is suit only on the di order of snbscrltiera,andns continued until ordered stopped an*all arrearages paid. The rate of subscription Is alike to ail, tt.00 per year. Subscribers patlnx in advance hare the choioeof several premium papers In addl ^•Sample" or "marked copies" are sent as com plimentary only,. and while we desire them to be '(OKUMH as invitations to subscribe, they will not be continued except upon request. Exnucrtla the best advertising medium in the county, having a more general circulation than any other paper. Card of rates sent on application. Entered at the postofflce at Pembina as second 4}laas mail matter. The Pioneer Express. ABdUT PBMBINA OITY TAXES. Thetax-payers of this city have been paying very heavy taxes for several years. Meantime very little money has been expended in public improvements, It is not remarkable then that the ques tion is often asked, "where does the money go to?" and, "why do we have to pay so much tax?". We desire to try and show where -the money goes. In this issue we publish a statement of the finances of the city, as is done every six months. But we are aware that many 'tax-payers are not book keepers and but few will, in gen eral, take the trouble to compare the figures or submit them to analysis. But we ask each tax-payer to read what we have to say and then form his own opinion to the wisdom or un wisdom of the officials in the financial business of the city tor the last five years. Five years ago the city owed $3,500 in fire bonds and $2,0Q0 in "railroad right of way" bonds. The first named series bears 7 per cent interest and the other series 8 per cent At that time and for several years previous and following, at the date of the statements published, the floating indebtedness of the city repre sented by unpaid warrants ran this,way: April 1895, outstanding warrants 91166.20 Sept. 1895, do do 1342.12 April 1896, Gdo Jo 1178.58 April 1897, ,• do do .1273.48 April 1898, do do 229.05 April 1899, do"- do*^ 76.00 Thus it will be seen that in September, 1895, the city had a bonded debt ot $5,500 and a floating debt of $1,342 or a total of $6,842 on $2,000 of which we were paying $160 interest, and $339 on the balance, or nearly $500 a year lor interest alone. For a series of years before and after 1895, the tax levy had been about $2,000. It was evideitt from the continued ap proximately similar floating indebted ness as published year after year, that financially the city was at astandstill. The levy was theu increased to $9^900 in 1897 and to $2,600 in 1896 and the same in 1890.- The eflect on th6. floating In debtedness is shown above. From over $1,900 in Septembery 1895, it went down to $76 in April, 1890. But not only thte the city treasurer at the.April statement 1890, also showed a cash balance on hand of «SOO. Th«t $600 balance ivas used to pay oil •. one of (lie $500 railroad bond^pf the city -.which- ^«re ^over due and for which no bc$n pr6vjM^«ad dur liig^tltelfQ^s&r.iiipnttis of this* year" two ofthe same isfue hsve r«tn iMts pjdd making A If km bonds paid during the last twelve months, the interest on which amounted to $120 per yean There is only one more $500 bond of this issue yet out and we have good prospects of being able to pay^ff that one inside Qi the comitfg year. Thus, as a summary, it will be seen that since September, 1895, the city has paid off $1,500 in'bonds and allowing for present floating warrants $370, a net amount of about $1,000 in floating debt, or $2,500. That is, the city has during that time, been paying its expenses and $500 per year of indebtedness. As to the general economy of city affairs, we presume it is open to more or less criticism, fouring the last year warrants were issued to the amount of about $1,670, a part of which was to pay debts incurred the previous year. Whether all this money was wisely ex pended we will not say. But we submit a comparison. St. Vincent, across the river, has $1,500 a year income from liquor licenses, $160 a year from the ferry and probably some income from other sources. We have no data as to how St, Vincent expends its $1,660 a year, but our citizens have aright to think that if it takes $1,660 to run the village of St. Vincent, then $1,670 ought not to be extravagant for Pembina. We may add that School Dist. No. 1, which includes this city, and which is also a heavy expense to the same tax payers, has almost an equivalent finan cial history and has also paid off $1,500 in bonds this year. The general result needs no comment. The saving of interest alone in city and district will in a short time make things lighter for the tax-payers, and after a little,, some much needed improvements will be in order—but first pay debts, be fore improvements, even if the taxes are high. ARBOR-DAY SUGGESTION. BEAUTIFY THE SCHOOL GROUNDS. From The Youth's Companion. Rural schoolhouses frequently stand, small and weather-beaten, beside the country road. Many of them look about as they did twenty-five or fifty years ago, although they have a flag above them now, which was not there when the men of to-day were children. How familiar-the grounds about the building arel They consist of a half "or quarter of an acre of land, selected pos sibly because it was good for little else —not a tree offers a hand's breadth of shade, or a shrub or vine to break the monotony or to hide the unsightly out buildings. Does it seem, then, a poor, insignificant thing, this plain little build ing in its patch of barren ground? It is the most tremendously significant thing in the whole history of the United States. It is the cradle of American education, the nursery which has al ways fostered, and still fosters, the na tional doctrine of equal rights for all. Under its roof the judge's son and the cobbler's boy fare alike, and grow up to know and respect each other. Men whose only educational advantages were a few years on these rude' benches have won success in every department of human activity. At a gathering of about three hundred successful business and professional men of a prominent city, it was ascertained that about nine-tenths came from the country. Is it, then, unreasonable to urge that the rural school grounds, be made more attractive by the planting of trees and shrubs? With little expense the bare ground about the building can be con verted into a place oif beauty., The pu pils themselves, with the aid of teachers and fnends, can do it Is it not a work well worth undertaking? The Youth's Companion believes that it is. Moreover, it beljeves that growth of the imaginahp and the artistic nature will result the the fiuer sense will be developed and the character of those who do the work will be strengthened that a love of a beauti ful will be imparted which will last through life, and manifest itself in the homes Which these pupils shall build in future years. The Youth's Companion believes that this work of adorning the grounds of rural schoolhouses is one which will ex ercise an important arid lasting influence for the good of the national life Arbor day May 4th, will be a most ap propriate time lo carry out this Work, as suggested,Vet any coventient day will do. It is not generally known, but itjs an in teresting fact that it has been very large ly through the earnest desire and efforts of the pupils themselves that our nation al flag now floats over so many of our public schoolhouses^ If the pupils of our rural schools will nowltake up the Work of beautifying the school grounds with trees and shrubs' the movement can be made as popular and )aa, far-reaching in its influence for food. Some one, Vri VOL. XXI. PEMBINA, IST. P., FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 1900. '«i^ %iP# "J$}hL must lead in the movement. Who will win this honor in your school?' The pu pils must insist that the school grounds shall be beautified. If the pupils show an earnest desire to carry outT this work, they are, sure to find willing helpers among the farmers and other friends of the school. Women's clubs will always be glad to aid you. If there is an or ganization of the Grangers in your town, it will feel honored by a request for ad vice or assistance. iv'J'ViiNO WOMBNI The Casselton Reporter in its "Scis sored Sauce" gravely says "There is one township in Pembina county without a woman in it" For its information we will say that the 20,000, and more, people in Pembina' county ar» more evenly distributed over its surface than are the people of any other county in the state. Reasons, no railroad lands, no bonanza farms, no large areas of waste lands. There are over 100 school houses within its 35 miles square, and it is pretty nearly a farmer (mostly married) on each quarter sec tion. And it is in this particular, with all the fact implies, that Pembina county is superior lo any other county in the state, while Walsh county -its next neighbor, with similar conditions, is a close second. By state statistics, in Cass county, each ten voters have together eleven children. In Pembina county each ten voters have sixteen children, so either our women are more prolific or else more of our men are married or just counting the unmarried girls big enough to be called ''women," guess Pembina county has more female woman population in pro portion than Cass county. Better grind up your scissors Brother Reporter. Think you saw an item to the effect that there were no women in Warroad, and Warroad is anew town up the Northern Minnesota wilderness, and we believe that item to be a mistak BACK, BUT DON'T GO BACK. Well, Lestikow is home again and vet has made no retraction or denial of the interview which announced his change of politics. However Mr. Lestikow may feel poli tically, and whether the Journal interview was right or wrong, we think, if Mr. Les tikow has read the editorial expressions and opinions of himself in the democratic papers since that interview was published, that while possibly he may not have real ly changed his political opinions to any great extent, yet his personal feelings as to some of his former newspaper friends, must have undoubtedly undergone con considerable change so much so indeed, that we doubt, even if the interview was erronious, that Mr. L. will give his former newspaper friends the satisfaction of see ing a correction. If there is any anything mean and nasty the the democratic editors omitted to say about Mr. L. it is only owing to his limited capacity of the dictionary. Remarkable Oare KENNA, Jackson Co., W. Va. About three years ago my wife had an attack of rheumatism which confined her to her bed for over a month and rendered her unable to «nlb a step without assist ance, her limbs being swollen to double their normal size. Mr. $. Maddox in sisted on my'using Chamberlain's Pain Balm. I purchased a fifty&ent bottle and used it according to the directions and the nest morning she walked'to breakfast without assistance in any man ner, and she has not had a^similar «ttnrlr since.—A. B. PARSONS. For sale by T. R. Shaw, druggist' To Oure -LaGrippe la 94 Bottar. No remedy equal, WARNER'S WHITE WINS or TAR SYBUI for tills terrible and fatd disease. Jf taken thorottrhly and uvtime, it will cure# cae and for the PV I *v 'M •w* iK fc? 7'XT,** rljfJ* %lv'l 4 -v VJ 1 1 ii KING & CO. Real Estate Transfers. The following is a list ot real estate transfers made from March 21st to April 5th, 1900. Sheriff to Stull nw qr 17-160 53, St Thomas $1,600 Emma Mortiz to Isaac Mortiz ne qr 11-161-54, Cavalier Johnson & Donvan to Askew lots 5 and 6, block 8, St Amour ad, Neche !.... Jennings ty John Conmee lot 1, block 11, Cjtvalier 5,500 Frederickst% tQ Jonason hf nwqr2-159-56,Gar% 1,400 IF Mussell to John Cochran ne qr 34-15&-5V&rayton Julia Strong to McNamara lots 11 and 12, blk 35, Neche A McNeil to Jenkin lots 13, 14:15,16, is hfl2b1kll, Drayton Johanna O'Brien to O'Brien hf nw qr:28-162r54, Cavalier Ira Clark to Thomson se qr 21-162-56, Liberty Wyard to Lizzie Minder lot 48, blk 5, Crystal.. Barbara Henkel and husband to Mr. W. E. Davis, formerly with the Grand Forks Plaindealer and now on the road travelling for a Grand Forks mercantile house, has been the subject of considerable comment and some joshing as a possible democratic candidate for governor. Mr. Davis is personally a jolly good fellow, and that is largely the reason of the newspaper joshing, but seriously speaking, if we had to have a democratic governor, we don't know any better material in the demoa'atic ranks for that office, and we are sure that as a candidate, or as governor, -he would certainly be by natural and acquired abilities far above the most of the candi dates presented by that party. We don't ever expect to see Mr. Davis governor, not yet even nominated, and we would on political grounds oppose him as such a candidate, but personally, Mr. Davis is a gentleman of decided talent, private »d clwok G-bersK proachable. Cavalier Musselman to Richard Keller nw qr 32-162-54, Cavalier Ellen Brown to Harry Leighton ne qr sw qr,. hf se qr 22, nw qr sw qr 23-162-55, Avon James Johnson to N Horgan sw qr ands hf nw qr 7-162-55, Avon hf se qr, ne qr se qr, sw qr ne qr, hf ne qr, nw .qr sw qr, se qr sw qr 12-162 56, Liberty Elizabeth Frise to Bank of Hamil tons hf 30-161-53, Hamilton.... A Martineau to Clara LaBelle pt ne ~qr se qr 21-163-55, St Joe.... W Bride to E Bellenger se qr swfqr se qt, 6 161-54, Cavalier.. iiipitt 100 Ball to Colley hf ne qr, hf nw qr 12-160-51, Lincoln W Brown and wife to AD Gib son ne qr 2-162-55, Avon Barbara Walper toW Walper hf 6-161-53, Hamilton 10,150 Eggert Magnusson and wife to S 3,000 Sveinson hf nwqrandseqr sw qr 13-160-56, Thingvalla 1,900 Sheriff toN A Trudel hf ne qr hf hf nw 18-163-51, Pembina. 1,283 RI Olson and wife to A McNeil hf 12all 13,14,15, 11, Drayton 250 Ja» Hiddle to King nw qr 7-162 51, foliette. 800 John Conmee to Bridget Jennings whfwhf^lffiyM,Cavslier.... 3,500 2000 400 300 1,500 1,000 435 Agnes Fife se qr 2-163-55, St Joe 3,000 Fannie Fairchild and husband to Michael Cranley lot 3, block 16, "H •ssmm 4 P. 175 1,900 1,350 4,650 6,000 300 McNamara to Strong se sw qr 2-162-^, Avon ........ 2,800 Bank of Iowa tu Chisholm se qr 29-163-51, Pe.mbina.......... 800 mM se qr 1-160 54, Lodema, sw qr .6-160 53, St Thomas............ 7,000 Sheriff to Randall & Norton sw qr qr 6, nw qr 7-160-53. St Thomas Nattee of M*rtCMr» Sale. OTICE'i# hereby given, ih»t that certain mortgage, executed aid delivered by Henry .to United Trust, fiwlni. Widofrer. mortgagor, to United Trust, limited, mortg*Kee, awed the 2Sth day of November A. O. eighteen hundred and ninety five aria,Sled for record In the olllee of the regis ter ofdeedg of the eonnty of Pembina and itate ol North D«kota, on the fith day of December A. D. I895, :and tteorded in book 88 of mortm^s, at uase SHl will be foreclosed by MI« or ibe pnmiM In inch mortgage and hereinafter de •crlbed, at the frout door of the coart honee In the city of Pembina, In the county of Pembina and mte of North Dakota, at the bour of two o'clock p. m., on the Slat dity of April, 1900, to Mtiafy the amount doe upon aald mortgage on the day of snie. The premiaea deacribed In cald mortgaf* and which wlUbeold tortAlaft.theaame, are thpae -4 MB one hundred and swty land mon or ma according to the goTernaaaat tarvey thereof. There willjba due on nich~ dale ofaaletbecum of fourteen ho ^"liawdVt day of Maieh.IM. U«T»D Sam* D. £. Tntrtt, Unran, you seen pu BLACK BEAUTIES? We have just received some vehicles that will please you, both as to quality and price. NUMBER 4=±J Dealers in Farm Machinery, and Hardware. The general opinion of the public is that we keep the BEST STOCK OF FURNITURE IN THIS VICINITY. Come and inspect'our stock and you will buy your furniture from us. '.-wui Big Double Store at St. Vincent, GREEN & RUSSELL. The Electric Lighted Limited. "A twist of the wrist*'-it's on. Another twist of the wrist, it's off—the berth light on the Burlington's Chicago Limited. Conveniences—a buffet-library smoker compartment and standard sleepers, a dining car, a reclining chair car, Electric light, steam heat. Leaves Minneapolis 7:20 p. m., St. Paul 8 :05 p, m., daily. Arrives Chicago 9:25 next morning. Ask yoiu home agent for tickets via this line, or address S, EUSTIS GEO. P. LYrtAN, Qen'I. Pass. Agent, Ass't Qen Pass. Agt. 6 Chicago, 111. St, Paul, Minn. Your dealer should have Teller and Royal Blue cigarsIf he has no*, write us and we will advise you where to get them. W1NECKE & DOERR, u$tr:5x Neche Live Stqck Exchange jt* Have a good Feed Mill in operation at Neche Grinding done cheaply and promptly, at reasonable rates. Also want to purctuue all kinds at |iy$ stock at the bsst market prices. Brinr in year hide* and'fars and get the hlfhest cash prices. ri a aMCijs. IViinneapbli^^Minn. D. W. VOUNGy 9 /a ,?nst i' 5®^''