I i# Kt J» $
U. 8. jtepresentatlye, Thos.F. Marshall.
Governor, Frank White.
Secretary of State, E. F. Porter.
State Treasurer. D. H. McMil.an.
State Auditor, A. N. Carlblom.
Attorney General, 01 Comstoclc.
Railroad CommieeionerB.F, Shea, C. J.
Lord, J.J, Youngblood.
Superintendent ot Publto Instruction, J.
Commissioner of Insurance, Ferdinand
Commissioner ot Agriculture and .Labor,
R. J. Turner.
J. J. Yonnglllood C. J. Lord.
Judgea Supreme Court, N. C. Young, Al
fred Wallin, D. B. Morgan.
Second District, James Fuller, St.Thomas
S» First District, W. J. Watt, Hyde Park,
I. Chevalier, Bathgate.
Second District, B. H. Restemayer, Cava
lier, John Thordarson, Hensei.
The PIONEER EXPRESS is the best advertising
medium in the county, having a more general
'circulation than any other paper. Card ot rates
sent on application.
The Pioneer Express.
We hope that the Pembina delegation
will, as usual, be instructed to vote as a
unit in the state convention. We haven't
the least doubt, however, that they
would do so without instructions. As
an ex-member of several delegations in
the past, we favor this manner of doing
business for many reasons. We have at
tended at several conventions when the
opinion of the majority of the delegation
differed from ours. But we were always
-satisfied to yield, because that is the
principle of government in this country,
and while we didn't always have our
way,, we were consoled with the fact that
we also escaped responsibility.
Pembina couttfy is noted all over the
state as a power in the state convention.
Several other counties, as large or larger,
are noted for the opposite, and the dele
gates usually go home on the swearing
train or find themselves ''off the map."
Majorities are not always right, but
they have to assume the responsibility,
and if they go wrong, the minority can at
least say—"we told you so."
We do not know if Pembina county
has any candidate for the state ticket,
but we do know that our solid vote com
mands'the respect of all factions in the
state, and that when we do ask tor any
thing from the state party, our request is
at least considered worthy of attention.
A delegation as a unit, is a wheel Whose
spokes are bound by spokes and felloes.
A delegation of individuals is a hub and
spokes alone, and a poor thing to form a
part of a band wagon.
MR. LA HOUSE DECLINES.
At this writing, the county convention
to elect delegates to the state convention,
has not been held, but at that conven
tion, Mr. LaMoure will, doubtless,
definitely decline the honor being a can
didatefor congress against either Mr.
Marshall or Spalding.
It goes without saying that the county
would have been pleased to give its un
ited support toMr. LaMoure if he had
seen fit to seek the honor to which he
has the right to aspire ancl which he
would be amply able and capable of
The aspersions and odium cast upon
Mr. LaMoure by the Grand Forks Her
ald, are equally thrown upon the Voters
of this county. Mr. LaMoure is one of
its oldest residents, no man is better
known, he has held official and political
r"positionsflmost continuously,: the peo
pie of &iis county know Mr. La,Moure in
timately they know his record—public
tAJ*$igaaA private.. Now, if Mr.- LaMoure Is
f~ -." the infamous scoundrel pictured by the
Herald, then .the people of this county-,
Judge of the District Court, Seventh Ju
dicial District,W. J. KneeBhaw, Pern
Clerk of District Court, A. L. Airth.
States Attorney, W. J.. Burke.
Sheriff. F. J. Farrow.
Auditor, Paul Williams
Treasurer, Robert McBride.
Register of Deeds, J. M. Chieholm.
County Judge J'. D. Wallace.
Superintendent of SchoolB, J. W. Alex
Surveyor, F. B. Hebert
Coroner, Dr. u, F. Braklne.
First District, F. C. Mynok, Pembina.
Second District, S. Sigurdson, Garflar.
Third District, Geo. Taylor, Bathgate.
Fourth District, J: Moriii, Neche.
Fifth Dist., H. C. Thomson,
OFFICIAL CITY PAPER.
$2.00 KBB ^fcTasTTTM
A. Ward well. tf. G. Thompson.
WABSW£LL 8c THOMPSON.
Entered at the postotfice at Pembina as second
Class mail matter.
The PIONEBB EXI-UKBS IS sent oniy on the di
rect order of subscribers, and is continued until
ordered stopped and all arrearages paid.
The rate of subscription is alike to all, 82.00
per year. Subscribers pacing in advance have
the choice of several premium papers in addi
"Sample" or "marked copies" are sent aB com
plimentary only, and while we desire them to be
considered as invitations to subscribe* they will
not be coutuiued except upon request.
The friends of Mr. LaMoure in this
county have felt pleased to see that
practically all the state press, with but
few exceptions, in the discussion of Mr.
LaMoure's name as a candidate, has co
incided with the judgment of Pembina
county in their estimate of his ability and
fitness, and it occurs to us that strangers
to Mr. LaMoure, should consider the
united crinion of his county, and (he al
most un Mumous opinion of the state
press, at of at least sufficient weight to
balance Lie biased prejudices and disap
pointed ambitions of the Herald editor.
We notice in the Pink Paper that Mr.
A. E. Thacker, who has been editing the
Hamilton page, says that he severs his
connection with the P. P. and that he
will hereafter be found in a broader field.
As Mr. McPherson, formerly of the Inde
pendent has left Hamilton, and some
"earmarks" of A. E. appear in that pa
per, we take it all to mean that Mr.
Thacker will hereafter devote his time to
the Independent. Mr. Thacker has had
considerable newspaper experience as a
correspondent, and as a news gatherer is
second to none, and if our surmise is
correct, the Independent will have a
good local page hereafter—and the new
editor has our best wishes for success.
The Herald's last Sunday political
sermon, was devoted to good advice to
the Democratic party, and to showing
how necessary to good state government
it is that the Democratic party should be
equally strong as the Republican party—
to which happy baiance the Herald seems
to be doing all in its power. Anyway
the immediate subject of the sermon is a
change from "primaries" and LaMojire,
which is a relief—though in the same
line and with the same results—"aiding
and abetting the common enemy."
Lest someone else make the same
error as "Ann Elegy," the author of this
week's poetical fragment, let it be dis
tinctly understood that neither of the
editors of this paper assumes to poetry,
and last week's poem would have been
published under a "nom de plume" if we
had thought anyone would have suspect
ed the editor as the author. Both ef
fusions are humorously good.
Vaccination a Humbug.
There seems to be an impression with
a great many people that there is but one
side to this question. If they would take
time to consult the Britannica Encyclo
paedia, late edition, coming down to Jan.
1900, they will find some authority to
prove that the anti-vaccinationists have
considerable proof that vaccination is not
a protection against smallpox, or that it
does not lighten the disease.
I noticed an article in the Pink Paper
of Feb. 26, and the Herald of about
March 1 last, which said: "In this pow
erful sanitary agent we have the means of
controlling, and, not only controlling,
but effectually stamping out that scourge
of mankind, smallpox." If the writer
will refresh his memory a little, he will
recall that the smallpox was carried to
Europe from Asia more than one thou
sand years ago. The people were accus
tomed to meet enemies that could be
seen, and overcome them by courage atid
physical'force but an unseen foe, whose
onward march legions could not stop,
struck terror to the hearts of nations.
After a time some one conceived the idea
of inoculating an individual before he
had taken the smallpox with the pus ex
uded from the postules on those who had
the disease, ana the violence of the in
oculated disease would be greatly modi
fied'. And it was also claimed that it was
perfectly harmless. The same thing is
claimed for vaccination today with the
protection part added. This inocula
tion, or engrafting,, as it was called at
first, was practiced for about one hun
dred and fifty years. In the year 1721,
Lady Mary Wortly Montague, wife of the
English ambassador to the Ottoman
court, belieying the promises of the advo
cates of the engrafting theories, had her
children inoculated, and when she re
turned to England she became "actively
engaged in the introduction of the cus
tom there.' For over one hundred years
the people followed the advice of those
who were infatuated with the idea ol
stamping out small pox by inoculation.
Soon the evil of the practice became ap
parent to the government and investigat
ions were made which showed that some
districts were nearly depopulated by ther
dreadful disease. England
S *, 3* -4
tive district—must be either fools or
knaves—for they have elected him con
tinuously for many years to office and at
the last election went so far as to com
pliment him by a unanimous vote for
senator, in a district and an election
where less than a score of votes lay be
tween the candidates of two parties for
a law making it a penal offence tor inoc
culation. lt died a hard death, but be
fore its last breath was drawn a new fal
lacy had sprung up. In the-year 1798
Dr. Jennerxallcd public attention to his
theories regarding vaccination.' He
called them facts and asserted that the
h's system of vaccination, was forever
after secure from the infection of small
pox. Let us enquire into this system
lor which go much is claimed. The word
vaccina is from vacca, a cow, and was
adopted to indicate cowpox and JenneK
laid special stress upon the necessity of
only the cowpox virus. He .also
announced that there was no such thing
as spontaneous cow pox, as he well knew
that the disease was communicated to
the udder of mi oh cows by the filthy
hands of men who had been engaged in
grooming horses suffering from the
disease called grease, and it is not known
that the disease ever originated in any
Now let us see if there is any evidence
knowing that vaccination is not a pro4*
tection against small pox. I will quote
from the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Op
position to vaccination, by Isaac L.
Peebles, also from a book by C. W.
Amerige, M. D., and from J. M. Peebles,
A. M., M. D., P. H. D., and from several
other authors persons who have made
vaccination a study, including the diseas
es that are caused by it. If vaccination
prevents small pox, there would be no
need of quarantining against it, or of
forcing tnose who do not believe in
vaccination to be vaccinated against their
will for if it really prevents small pox
those who are vaccinated are safe, and
therefore they should not fear, but feel
easy, leaving the vaccinated to their own
choice in the matter. But the very fact
that the vaccina tea are always ready to
quarantine against small pox and to
torce others to be vaccinated, argues
that vaccination dots not prevent small
The London Medical Observer pub
lished an account of 535 persons who had
small pox alter vaccination, -,and also 97
deaths by small pox alter vaccination.
In the Gazette ot Health it said: "Cases
ol small pox after vaccination have in
creased to such an extent that no con
scientious practitioner can recommend
vaccination as affording certain security
against the contagion ot small pox. In
1828, 2000 persons who had been vaccin
ated were taken with small pox during
an epidemic at Marseilles 955 vaccinated
persons were attacked with small pox in
1831 at Wurtemberg. In 1870 the small
pox made great havoc in the Russian
army, although they had been vaccinated
and re-vaccinated. It was said that there
were as many as 30,000 in the hospitals
at once with the disease. In 1871 2 the'
most serious epidemic of smallpox oc
curred, and although vaccination reached
its highest point, 42084 died with the
small pox in England and Wales. In the
years 1881-4 and 1885, 24 per cent of the
cases in the London small pox hospitals
had been vacciuaten. In British and
Irish small pox hospitals 62,887 vaccinat
ed persons were treated for the disease
in 1880 to 1886 inclusive. The docu
ments of the State Department of the
Kingdom of Bavaria show 30,742 cases
of small pox during the epidemic of 1871
and also that 29,422 of this number had
been vaccinated. In the epidemic at
Cologne in 1870, 173 vaccinated persons
took the small pox before one ol those
who had not been vaccinated, took it,
In 1871 at Leibnitz, 224 vaccinated per
sons were taken with small pox before
one of the unvaccinated. In Bonn in
1870, 42 vaccinated persons took the
small pox before one unvaccinated. Sir
Thomas Chambers, in an address to the
House of Commons in 1878 said, "You
cannot snow that vaccination has reduced
death or saved a single lile." Dr. R.
Noyse, formerly Resident Surgeon of
Boston City Hospital, in his book entit
led "Self Curability of disease," has said
"I believe vaccination has been the
greatest delusion that has ensnared man
kind in the last three centuries. It or
iginated in fraud, ignorance and error.
It is unscientific and impracticable." Dr.
J. E. Codere, whose position as Prof, of
Materia Medica, at Victoria University,
Montreal, is a sufficient guarantee that
he speaks from experience, plainly ex
presses his opinion of vaccination in the
following language: -'The idea of intro
ducing into a healthy organism the virus
of an inflammatory and gangrenous mal
ady, in order to keep it trom disease that
does not exist, is revolting to common
sense." Dr. Mitchel, a member of the
British House of Commons, in discuss
ing this question, said, "Vaccination has
made murder legal it does not protect,
and is followed by blindness and scrofdla.
Jennerism is the most colossal humbug
which the human race has been burd -ned
with by fraud and deceit. Dr. Epps,
who for twenty-five years was director of
the Jenner institute, has expressed the
following opinion, viz: "Vaccine virus is
a poison, as such it penetrates all or
ganic systems. It is neither antidote nor
corrigent, nor does it_ neutralize the
small pox, but only paralyses the ex
pansion power of a good constitution, so
that the disease falls back upon the mu
cous membrane. Nobody has the right
to transplant such a mischevious poison
into the life of a child. Prof. Pickering,
of London, England, who has, given
special attention to the subject of small
pox and vaccination, in an address de
livered before the State Committee on
Public Health, at the State House, Bos
tin, May 28th, 1894, said, "Smallpox is
one of the four diseases which wrought
such havoc some hundred years ago:
The plague, the Black Death, the Sweat
ing Sickness and Small pox. All but
small pox were eradicated, and that too
would have been, had it not been kept
alive by vaccination." It is claimed by
doctors that there is more small pox in
the United States to-day than ever before
and we all know that there has been
more vaccination than evei.
Wanted renters for quarter sections
farms, halt section farms, and section
farms. Apply to
PEMBIISTA, 3ST. D„ FRIDAY, JUNE 20, 1902.
WARMER & ANDRUS,-
Digests what you eat.,
Xpto preparation contains all ot tlk
JUgeatanta and digests all kind*
noa. It gives Instant relief and nam
tkllstocura. It allows
to eat «D
food yon want. The most sensittw
itomachs can take it. By its use many
•ftoosands of dyspeptics have been
""w after everything else failed. II
pwvents formation ofgasdn the atom*
•en, relieving all distress after eating,
meting unnecessary. Pleasant to taka
It can't help
but do you qood
©SI. bottle contains 2bi times the 30c. aT
Owin^ to train being late the forenoon
session of the convention was omitted
and convention assembled at 1:30.
W. A. Murphy, chairman of county
committee, called the convention to or
Hon. J. D. Wallace was chose.I tem
porary chairman and D. J. Laxdal, secre
tary, and later the temporary organiza
tion was by vote made permanent.
On motion, no contests appearing, the
delegates present were accented without
the formality of credentials.
On motion, chair appointed H. G.
Vick, H. H. Lampman and F. A. Ward
well a committer on resolutions.
On motion chair appointed J. LaMoure,
A. H. Johnson, C. R. Wing, J. F. Mager,
J. P. Skjold, R. A. Thacker and J.
Hicks as a committee to select names of
35 delegates to Fargo, and present same
After a short recess, the committee on
resolutions presented the following reso
lution, which was received with applause
and adopted by arising vote.
Where as, there has been a genral
expression by the press and people of
this State, in appreciation of the public
services of our honored fellow citizen,
Hon. Judson LaMoure, and that such
services and ability fitted him for the
higher honor as representative to Con
gress or other State office.
And Whereas, the republican party of
this county has for many years recognized
in Mr. LaMoure, an able leader and an
unselfish worker for the party, county
Whereas, in the interest of harmony
and the general good of the republican
party of the state, and in recognition ol
the able and successful services Hon. T.
F. Marshall during the present congress
and ol Hon. B. F.
I E Truemner
Bowesmont, N. D.
Spalding in the previous
congress, Mr. LaMoure has declined to
allow his name to be used in opposition
to either of these gentlemen as a
candidate before the state convention.
THEREFORE, RESOLVED:—That while
this convention would have been pleased
to have instructed its delegates to the
state convention to present the name of
Hon. fudson LaMoure as a candidate for
congressional representative, yet we see
in his declination an act of self abne
gation characteristic of one who has al
ways made the preferment of a friend, or
harmony within the party superior to his
personal advantage and while we regret
that thus as yet the higher position does
not at this time seem to be available, we
congratulate the people of the county on
the fact that Mr. LaMoure will thereby be
able to retain his seat in the state senate
where his services to the state and county
are equally valuably to his constituents,
though ip a more local and limted
The committee on delegates presented
the following list of names, which was
W A Murphy
Robt A Thacker
Mr. LaMoure briefly thanked the con
vention lor the resolution whicti referred
so kindly to him.
On motion the delegates were instruct
ed to vote as a unit, and the delegates
present empowered to cast the full vote
of the delegation.
Adjourned sine die:
KING & GO.
jMake Hay While
the Sun Shines!:
Ite Best Machinery Can Buy.}
Deering or Piano,
jTwo Piano Mowers but little used,
at reduced prices.
Fuil line of repairs for these machines always
on hand. Sections for all*
makes of mowers.
tor which you can get no repairs.
or so-called wholsale jewelers, can with difficulty be
told from fine roll plate or solid gold. Wear will dem
onstrate the difference—appearance will not. The only
safe course in buying Jewelry of any sort is to rely up
on the experience and honesty of the honest dealer,
who cannot AFFORD to misrepresent goods.
Diamonds, Watches, Clocks,
Sterling Silverware, Spectacles,
Silver Novelties, Eye Glasses.
FINE REPAIRING A SPECIALTY,
M. H. MILLER, Jeweler, Pembina, N. D. $
PEMBINA TONSORIAL PARLORS.
Bathgate Roller Mills
Are now Running Night and Day,^\
We Guarantee Every Sack of Flour. If the Flour Does
Not Suit You We Give You Back Your Money.
FEED GRIN PINO A SPECIALTY.
C. PEBRATLT, P. GARRIPY, R. DEMURS,
CHAS. PERRAULT, flanager.
You make a big error
when you buy a machine
Dealers in HARDWARE
HARNESS AND MACHINERY.
The art of imitation in
Jewelry has been brought
to such a degree of perfec
tion that the cheap ''gilt"
stuff found in general stores,
For Sale at this Office.
xml | txt