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yfrr" ^"•V. ife •$: Bv \L $$ ill W"'^' «. 3 4 ti•vv.^-5' 4 I i t». ... r^ VOL. XXIV. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. 0. S. Representative, Thos. F. Marshall. Senators jH.C.Hanpbrough,P. McCuinber GovernorTFrank White. Lieut. Governor, David Bartlett. Secretary of State, E. K. Porter. State Treasurer. D. H. McMillan. State Auditor, H. L. Holmes. Attorney General, C. N. Frich, Railroad Commissioners, F. Shea, C. J. Lord, A. Schatz. Superintendent of Public Instruction, W. Stales Attorney, M. Brynjolfson. Sherifi. Chas. Atkiutou. Auditor, Paul Williams Treasurer, W. A. lyiiirphy. Register of Deedi-, J. k'. Gill. County Judge, J. u. Wallace. Superintendent of Schools, J. W. Alex ander. Surveyor, F. B. Hebert Joroner, Dr. u, F. Krskine. COUNT* COMMIBSIONBRS. First District. F. C. Myrick, Pembina. Second District, S. Sigurdson, Uardur. Third District, Geo. Taylor, Bathgate. Fourth District, J, Morin, Neclie. Fifth Diet., A. T. Cox, Boweamont.| OFFICIAL CITY PAPER. 9SS&XUCS. S2.00 FES .AJfeTXT'CrXtC A. Wardweli. G. G. Thompson. WASDWELL & THOMPSON. Entered at the postollice at Pembina as second Class mail matter. The Pioneer Express is sent out on the di rect order of subscribers, and is continued until ordered stopped and all arrearages paid. The rate of subscription is alike to all, $2.00 per year. Subscribers pacing in advance have the choice of several premium papers In addi tion. "Sample" or'.'marked copies" are sent as com plimentary only, and. while w.e deBlre them to be considered as invitations to subscribe, they will not be continued except upon request. The Pionebr Exphesh iB the best advertising medium in the couuty, having a more general circulation than any other paper. Card oi rates sent on application. Tne Pidneer Express. THE PEDDLER QUESTION. We always peruse the Grand Forks Herald with interest and don't usually let anything get-away, but it seems that in some unaccountable manner we miss ed the number which contained its views on the peddler question, and though the Herald puhlicly announced that it would send us another copy of the issue con taining said editorial, it has not as yet appeared at this office. In turn, the Herald asks a few questions itself, and which we would be glad to answer if we could and newspaper space permitted. But, as the questions propounded involve the whole scheme of taxation on which subject there'bave been many hundred books and thousands ot editorials written, we will have to say that life is too short "to the country editor to spalre the time, space and study to properly answer all the queries propounded. But we will try briefly and broadly, to, at least, give the Herald what we be lieve to be the truth in answer. "Is it permissible to levy a tax on an on ah occupation?" Certainly. As an ekamp'e, Montena does, or did, license "drummers" for wholesale houses. There are many cupations in every city taxed by means of licenses. should "If so, on what ocCui taxes be levied?" jJ .-"a'' v. fl '4f\Fj EMERSON BRANCH L. Stockwell. Commissioner of Insurance, Ferdinand Leutz. Commissioner ul Agriculture and Labor, R.J.Turner. Judges Supreme Court, N. C. Young, D. Slo E.. Morgan. J. M.. Cochrane, SENATOBB. First District, nil stem LaMoure, Pembina. Second District, Albert Ciarnett St.Thom as. REPRESENTATIVES, 0 1 First District, W. J. Wittt. Hvd" Park, I. Chevalier, Bathgate. G, A. McCrue, Drayton. Seuouu District, John Ten nuer, Cava lier. C. K. Wi g. cryftal. P. J. Skjuld, HttUsou. JuUue|Lt the District Court, Seventh Ju dical District, W. /. Kneeshuw. Pem bina. Clerk of District Court, A. L. Airth. COUNT* OFFICERS. ,v-v Licenses are levied fo^ three. purposes or otgect^ regulation|«strict ion, revenue. It may be for one or fVjr all these'.porposeis. Any license is sarily restrictive, as distinguishedfroim^ reKulatiorf. liquor license is^ ive in contrast tq sale without any iej^i restraint AJU oCcu|»tions w^ich .society may oece^ary for the-good of l'orltytor«toct«r I?*-r 1 mi- regulate, may and us- a A and r^ulat)^ «n4 irfte«i In jvtherfod ... ... fS. 'T. .jh ^'i, ,*f .v^ 'rvV. Emerson, Manitoba. The Bank of Ottawa. ESTABLISHED 1874. HEAD OFFICE, OTTAWA, CANADA. CAPITAL, (authorized) $3,000,000. Rest, $1,934,273. do (paid up) $2,000,000. A general banking business Transacted. Interest allowed on deposits in savings department. Drafts on all points bought and sold. HERBERT P. PENNOCK, Acting Manager. yvvyvyvyvyy¥wy¥wyywv¥vyyyvyyw wv vvyy vy Because they practically pay no taxes as a class, and because they have the same right to bear the burdens of the expense of government as other people, they should be made to pay license. The Herald also proposes the rather broad query,* as to whether the state has the right to tax other occupations out of existence. We do not pretend to be a constitutional lawyer, but we know that it often does, and it is only recently that Congress came pretty near pushing oleo margerine makers out of sight by practi cally the same means. Taxation of occupations as a means of revenue and as a substitute for taxation by valuatioh of property, has many sup porters and no doubt in a great many cases would be the better and fairer method, but as a general system is open to objection just as is Henry George's theory of land tax only, and for that mat. ter our present system is st as full ol inequalities but generation after generat ion have tried in vain to improve upon it, and it looks as if the combined wisdom of all ages and all peoples was insufficient to make a tax law that would do justice to all and make-each person pay his just share. A SOCIALIST COMMUNITY. It may be news to many of our readers to learn that there is a regular "com munity" in existence near Dominion City —across the line—about 14 miles from here. They are Russian-Germans, who emigrated from Russia about twenty years ago, first settling in S. Dakota near Yankton, and later moving to Dominion City. These people are in religious be lief much the same as the Mennonites, who in turn are in a general way like the Baptists as to religious tenets. The pe culiarity of the lot at Dominion City is that they are perfect socialists, and live together in one house, under the su preme rule of a leader chosen by them selves, and share all things in common. In their manner ot living, they in many respects resemble the Skakers of the East, but differ from them in»that they marry and live in families, They have a large house some 80 feet long, divided into rooms', and each family has a room to itsejf, but all eat at a common tabid There art twelve families in this com munity. They have la teacher arid a preacher, but these are like thft rest of the. community and share the labors.: of the rest, The leader is chosen by mar jority vote' and holds his office1 (or JUe pr £|ck1 bettavior.. \yhen We asked ou^.ijn foimant who is a member of this com munity and-an intelligent man,'what h^^peni4 if the leader misVehayed, *-u -iljj sMioed:to know/a? jt^aragr-. IrW- M' JTuT-i «iV'Ji 1 I I I cases the matter of revenue is made an es sential part of the license scheme of reg Iation, on the theory that these occupat ions either add to the expense of govern ment by their results, or they get pro tection and advantages of the govern ment for which they should pay in pro portion to others, but which ordinary methods of taxation do not compel them to pay. The Herald asks some other quest ions pertaining to the same general sub ject, but we think the answers, so far as our opinions are concerned, will be found embodied in the above general statements. The Herald, however, asks a fewfques tions about peddlers. "Doss the pursuit of this occupation (peddlers) menace the peace or welfare ol society?" Yes. As to the peace of society, it may be only in exceptional cases and the majority of peddlers be as honest and law-abiding as other people, but be cause, as a class, they are irresponsible and unknown, because of their wander ing habits, because they enter private houses, because they have for these rea sons many opportunities not common to other sellers of goods, for dishonest practices, if for nothing worse, the pub lic has the right to regulate thetn by license system. »t any tlm^ does go away, he (or she) must go emp ty-handed, as all the property belongs to the church. AH the money is in the hands of the leader, and if they want anything, they must go to him for funds, and if sent to buy anything, they must account to him for the money spent. They call themselves the Hutterche Society, are non combatants, and believe literally in the command to "turn the other cheek," and it is because the pres ent czar of Russia reluses to *keep the promise of his fathar, that these people should not be compelled to serve in the army, that so many ol them have emir grated to this country and Canada, for all the Mennonites have this as one of the doctrines of their religion. They will not go to law, nor will they vote— though in the latter case it is not religion so much as disinclination to meddle in what they seem to think is other people's business. This community is quite pros perous they have quite a erd of cattle, horses, farm machinery and a flour mill. They buy considerable of their supplies from this side of the line, patronize Mont gomery Ward and are keen at a bargain. 4 1 ,» A. f» W" 1 COUNTY COURT FEE BILL. The following bill was introduced by Senator LaMoure with .e object of in creasing the lees ol the County Court so tliat it will become self-supporting. PEMBINA, 3ST. D., FRIDAY, FEB. 13, 1903. For purpose of reimbursing the coun ty lor the salaries provided in the forego ing to be paid to the judgss of the county courts, each petitioner for letters testa mentary, of administration or guardian ship, before filing the same in the county court, shall pay or cause to be paid into the county treasury, for the use and bene fit of the county in whose county court proceedings are to be instituted to settle the" estate of any deceased person, or for the appointment ol a guardian, a sum of money according to the value of the estate of such deceased person or of such ward, as appears from the sworn statement in the petition of such appli cant five dollars wnen the value ot the estate does not exceed one thousand dollars five dollars additional for each and every one thousand dollars addition al value thereto, and in all cases- in- -ad dition thereto, all sums necessarily ex pended in publishing or serving notices required by law. In all civil and crimi nal actions the same fees and costs shall be paid as in like actions |u the district court, the same to be paid to the judge of the county court, a record to be kept thereof and the same turned over by him to to the county treasurer." Resubmission was killed in the legis lature this week iu the House by a vote of 60 to 31. As this question was quite a distinct issue in the last campaign, be ing a piank in the democratic platform, and some of the republican counties in the western part of" the state electing re publican legislators pledged to support resubmission, this vote of nearly two to one is, "or would seem to be, a fair cr terion ol the real sentiment of the sta e. In fact, those who are lavorable to the repeal of the prohibition law, have only one argument to urge ag.iinst it: that is not enforced and incidentally the vote to some extent also answers this only argument. North Dakota will never re peal the prohibition law as long as it is enforced even as well as it is now, andt the actual fact is, that it daily growing more and more difficult for the blind' pigs to exist in any part of this state, in cluding the western half, where a major ity of the public sentiment has been against the law. Even these peopls be gin to say, let the law be enforced be cause it is law, and when they ouce get rid of the pigs and their influences, mor al, political and social, it will be easy to keep them out, and tbe community will wouder how they ever tolerated them in the first place—at least, that is the ex perienie of a hundred North Dakota towns. The bill to enable the board of direct ors to sell 920,000 worth oi .bonds to be gin work on the Blind Asylum at Bath gate, has passed the House and we hope and e*pe* will pass the Senate. As we understand it, this will not cost the state or taxpayers a cent, but enables the board to utilise the gift o( lands mkde :by the general government at the time., of the admission of. the state. )Ve couid use a blind asylum now if we had it, and witfi the rapid increase ot population we will soon find it to be an immediate' ne cessity. As to the state undertaking the education of this unfortunate class of people, there is no longer any qufcstloq in 4U civilized countries that it is one. of the'mQst deserving of chalices, if not really an economy to so educate the ^liitd hfstead of being dependent 'on Qlhje^ tbev. may -become useful member* Sotice of Mortgage Sale, Notice is hereby given, that that certain mort gage, executed and delivered by Mary Pichurd son and Frank Rlchnrrieon, her husband, mort gagors. to the Colonial & Uuited States Mort goge Company,-Limited, mortgagee, dated the mh day or December. A. D. I89!l. and Hied for record in the office of the Register of Deeds of the county of Pcmhma and state of North Dakota, on the 14th day of liecember. A. D.1 1899, and duly recorded in book *-76" of mort gages, on page "94." will be foreclosed by a sale of the premises in such mortgage and herein after described, at the front door of the court house, in the city of Pembina, iu the countv of Pembina and state of Noitli Dakota, ai the hour of two o'clock p.m., on Saturday, tbe 28ili day of. March, A. D. 1903, to satisfy the amouut dpe upon eucl mortgage on the day of sale. The premises described iu such mortgage, and which will be cold to satisfy the same, are thoe certain premises situated in the county of Pembi ua and state ol North Dakota, and described as follows, to-wit: Tne northwest quarter (nw l-4)of section num bered ten , in township numbered one hund red Mid tiity-uine (150) north* of range numbered fitly two (54). west ol the 5th P, M. There will be .due on such mortgage at the date of sale the sum of two thousand fifty-one and eighty on- one-hundredths dollars,(82.051.81) Dated at Ashley. N. D.. F«b.3rd, A. D. 1H03 COLONIAL & UNIT FID STATES MORTGAGE COMPANY-Liiiilted, Mortgagee. 30 86 J.H.WISHEK. Tliete will lie due oil Mich mortgage at ilie dale of sale ilie Mim of Nine Hundred,Thir'y-Six and UU-li.0 (Si).. 0.29 Dollars Dated at Kamo,N. I)., January 2'Jth, 1003. The Canadian & American Mortgage Fuo. D. Fariand. & Tritsi Do., Ltd v1** i-» Attorney for Mortgagee. Ashley, N. D. Mortgage sale NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That hat cer Oiln Morttpui.'. exeeu.cu and deliviml by David Duioeunci tella Inifou. Ills wife, ana .linnes Alliemid Louisa Allie. his wife. Morlgagois, to The Canadian and American Mortgage it Tru,-t Co., Lid Mortgagee, datu( the 25th day of Oct ober. A D. J(i!l8, and riled for record in the ofti of the Register of Deeds of the Conn of Pem bina and Mine ol Nur li Dakota, oti the 19 day of November. A. D. JtU8, and recorded in Hook 71 of .Vortgages.at page !I4, will lie loreclosed by a sale of me premises in such Mortgage and hereinalier described, ut the irout door of tile Conn House in Hie City of Pemb.na, in County ol Pembinu and State of North Dakota, at the hour of 2 o'clock p. m. on tile 14th day of March. 1003. jo Kaiii-fy lie amount due upon said Mort gage Oil I lie oay of Hale. The premises- tlwcrilied in said Mortgage and which Will be sold tosatisty the paint, are those certain prtmisfs siniaied in the Counly of lJem binti and .State of North Dukoiu, and described ax loltows. ti.-wii: _Tiie Sjiilli-'-.asi Quarter tSE of Section hluveu (II) IVwiiftiiii One Hundred mid Sixty Three (lti'lj Range Kit ty-Two (o.'j conia.ninji One litindmi and .Sixty (16.i acres more or litss, ac cording to lie Govern men i-urvey thereof. Attorney lor Mortgagee, Mort^asjee raryo, N. D. Sidf uf l.uiili. NOTKE IS ll!KliUY G1VKM. That in imrsii auce ot aii Oruer made on ttie 27tii iy of January A. D. I1'"®, liy Hon. J. D.Wallace. Judge of the County Court, within and for said Couuty ot Pembinn ami State of North Dakota. Tne uuler signed. the guardian of the persons and the es tatee of George L. i.angt,on Lena B. Laiigton, Violet A. Lmgion and Wilotrt ington. of the township of i'embina. in the county oi Pembina, State oi No: tli Dakota, will on Monday, the iird day of February. A. I). 1003, at one o'clock iu the afternoon of mat day, at the lront door ot the Courst house, in the City of Pembina, in the Couuty «f Pembili4i.&ud.£UaU, uf.-North,Dakota, oilef lor sale at public auction to the highest bidder for cash, subject to the Continuation b.v the Judge of said County Court.an undivided two-thirds, (2-3) of the certain lot. piece or par cel of land- situated, lying and being in townstip of St Joseph, County of I'embina and Stale ol North Dakota, and descrilied as lollows, i'o-wit: The north-east quarter (neJ4) ol section number four. (Oiii lownship number one hundred sixty thrte (103 north, ol range number lii.v-tive (53) west. Dated January 2Tth, A D. 1903. WILLIAM LANGTON. Guardian of the person* and estates ol George D. Langton, Leila B. Langtou, Viulet A. Langton and Wilbert Liiugton, lLiuurs. 3U-33 IKortgage Foreclosure Notice is hereby given that thai certaiu Mort gage, executed and delivered by Wm. James, mortgagor, to Deerin^ Harvester Company, a co-partutrship dated on the-,'3rd day of January A, u. 1W02, und tiled for record in the office of the lUgister ol Deeds of the County of Pem bina and State of North Dakota, on the gTth dav of January. 1002. at 8:30 o'clock a. in. and re' corded in Book 87 ol Mortf aires, ai page 34. and which said mortgage was thereaiter assigued by CharlesDeeriim. James Deering and Kichard F. 1 owe. co partners, doing business under the lirm .ame ol Deerlnu Harvesrerf'ompatiy to Internat ional HarvesierConipiinyoiAiiierica.il corpor ation organized and existing under the laws of the Stale ot Wisconsin, by us- fjuinetit in writing dated 011 the llih duy of Octouer. A. li. i!KW, and dulj recorded in the oliice of the said Register ol Deeds in and for the said Couuty of Pembina, iu the .State of North Dakota on the 17th day of October, A. D. 100i', at 11.45 a.m.. in Book 78 of Mortgages, on page ftSO.und will be foreclosed by a s»le ol the premises in such mortgage and hereinafter described, at the front door ol the Couri house in the City ol Pemuinn, in the Coun ty of Pembina and Stale of North DafcoU, at the hour ot 2o'clock p. m. on the 28th day of Febru ary, iitu3, to satiMy the amount due upon said mortgage on the day of sale. A Power of Attor ney lrom the International Harvester Company ol America to its attorn«y, Lewis T. Hamilton, to foreclose said mortgage has been dill record, ed in the office ol the Register oi Deeds afore said. The premises described in said mortgage and which will be so.d to satisfy the same, are de scribed as follows: Lots numbered one. two and three. 1. 2, 3, in block thiity-two, 32, in the orig iualiownsite of Bathgare, according to the re corded platihereor on lile in the oUice of the Register ot Deeds in and for Pembina County, North Uako a. and also lots numbered thirteen aud lourteen. ID aud 14, in block numbered nine teen, 19. in ihe town of Hamilton Pembina County. North Dakota, and that no action or proceeding at law at otherwise ha been ha 1 for the ooileciion of said debt or any part tnereof Tnat there will be due on such mortage ut the date of sale above mentioned, ihe sum o: Three thousand. Six Hundred, tlfty-six, and 16 1.0, 83 656.15, Dollars. InWrnnlionai Harvester Company oi America. By Lewis T. Hamilton, It's At'orney Dated Jau. lath. 1903. Kargo' N. U. I Mortgage Foreclosure Stale. Notice is hereby given, that thatcertain moit gs^ie. executed and delivered by Henry main, and Eii.ma Demain his wife, mortgagors, to The Cauadiau & American Mortgage & Trust Co.. Ltd., n.ortg gee. dated the 1st day of November. A. D. 10JO, uud filed for record in ilie office ol the Register yi' Deuds ot the county of Pemb.na and rtute oi Kortii Dakota, ou-the 23rd day of Noxemoer. lWW. 'aiid 'recorded in 1ook 71 ol mortgagee, at page^U), will be foreclosed by a gaieo' tue pmuiImh in sucb mortgage and here lniifter descilbort. at the front door of tne Court House in ihe Sc.ty of Pembina, in said coumy audstute.ut tliehourof 2 o'clock p. in. on Satur day. tlie 21st «l»y of' February.- lDftj, to satisfy the •mount due apan s*id!mortgage on the day of ,sa£e. The premises dt scribed in said mortgage and which will be sold to saUsly the same are those certain premises situated iu the county of Pem bina and stats or North Dakota and desciibed as follows. to-witt. Thenoith half of the southwest quarter, n# SW 1-4, aontheast quarter ot south, west quarter, 8H 1t48W' l-4 tjf 'section thirty fl«e, 1)5, township dbe hundred sud .alxfy-tao. :162, rouge HHy-tive, 55, and (lie northeast quarter or the nortliWfci(t qu#rter, oK 1-4 NW 1-V of Wet Ion two, 2, luwushipoue hnndrad and alxty-one 16U range, coaMniug ouei hundred sixty, lOO Acres of teu4. mure or lean, according tothagoverunMbtanmy thereof, v. -There will h«due:on such taortgage «t the daw crtaatewewttti ortwelve hundred, nineteen '^1' t5T^ ,?1S* Kinn A Rnnkor TALK IT OVER with your best iriend and let us know what she thinks of.itir stock of fine jewelry. We can as sure you th .t we carry only the hi st. •Ati. -'sM 1 Depends very much upon the seed you sow. If you raise 3,200 bushels of wheat and it grades No. 2 instead No. 1 on accountof smut or king heads, you have lost S $64.00 that you might have saved, by using an Owens Smut Cleaner. This machine removes all weeds, such as wild oats, king heads, etc. We have purchased a half car load of Owens Fafining Mills and Smut Cleaners and will sell them cheaper than ever sold before. D8a,eps Illliy QL OOjAcr. HARNESS AND jV" *5' f1 NUMBER What Will the Harvest Be? HAMACH ^DWAR A GOOD FINE CLOCK is really a necessity in ©very household. A per son who has no guide to time can seldom keep up with it. THERE 15 AN ART in being punctual, but it's a good watch or a clock that aids prompt ness. MHJyilLLER E DO El That 10 per cent discount sale holds good during month of January. All kiuds of goods in the store, Groceries. Dry Goods, Shoes, etc all fresh and new, from the wholesale houses, subject to this big discount. Don't you think it will pay YOU to 9a!!. J. B. Branchaud vv¥v¥¥v¥svi^vvvyy ri'T'rt.' I mm. S -A wv PEMBINA TONSOR1AL PARLORS. yyvvvwv ?v MACHiNE.RY •••••••••••••••••••••I -rf A flN Vtf* --x^ ••&/>? '•'^w C ... ./iv-' ,M»"^,''b',-i .VrA.s'ui'V.f.:...-,'. •Y •''/•.•»..'J'%:v. v. fin vvv viH"