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tol:xxv. fW.i-'MffJir: Vi HftHBon. fintered at the postoflice at Pembina as second class mall matter. The Piomiia Exprbbs The for Manitoba Emerson. Bank of Ottawa. ESTABLISHED 1874i' /, HEAD OFFICE, OTTAWA, CANADA CAPITAI, (authorised) $3,000,000. Beit, $1,934,373. (paid up) •3,000,000 OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. I EMERSON BRANCH :v-.«-c A general banking business Transacted Incest allowed on deposits in savings department. •C i' Drafts on all points bought and sold. HERBERT P. PENNOCK,|Acting Manager. I yVyVV¥¥¥vVyWVWVV*V¥vVv¥VVVW¥V¥¥V¥WVVV¥V 0.8. Representative, Thoe. F. HwrshaU. 8en*tor»,H.O.H*n«brougli,P.McCamber, ~jyeinor,FrankWhJ}®» ,, ent. Sovtrnor, DitM Barttett. BttMtuyorStet«,&F.Porter. ButeTmmuiw.D.H. McMillan. State Auditor, aU Holm*. Attorney Qenarll, C.8. Frlch, Railroad Comml»*ioner»,F, 8hea, C. J. Lord. A. SchaU. bapenntendent of PnbUcInitractlon, Sei -as W. £~Stockwell. Commissioner of lkiQitAO*» Ferdlnmd Commissioner ol Agriculture fcnd Labor, R. J~. Turner.. Jndees Supremo Court, H. 0. Toons, D. 'lorgan. 3. U. Cochrane. llRilOH. Flret Dlitriot, Judeon I^Mour*, Pembina Second Diatrlot, Albert Oarnett SLThom unimmka'OTM. First Diatrlct, W. J. Wvr. Hyd« Park, I. Chevalier, Bathgate. G. A. XcCrae, Drayton* Second Diatrlot, John a\umnerr Cava lier, C. K. Wing. Crystal, P. J. Skjold, Judge of the DUitrict Court, Seventh Ju dicial Diatrlot,W. I. Kneeehaw, Pern- Cler"of Diatrlot Court, A.. L. Airth. oonmomoiu. States Attorney, M. Brynjolfaon. Sheriff. Chas. Atkinson. Auditor, Swain Thorwa'.ason Treasurer, W. A. Morphy. Register of Deed«, .Jf. Gill. County Judge, J. D. W aUace, Superintendent of Sohools, J, a&dtt* Surveyor, F. B. Hebert Ooroner, Dr. u, F. Kreklne. xaMUkca, «a.oo W. Alox- oouktt €o**xseioN»Be. First District, F. C. Jtyrirti, Pembina. Seoond District, S. Sigurdson, Oardar. Third District, Geo. Taylor, .Bathgate. Fourth Diatrlot, Fifth Diet., A.T. J, Korln, Neche. Cox, Bowesmout. 'OFFICIAL CITY PAPER. jLJtTxnr&c ,MW A. Wardwell. AO. is sent omy on the di rect order of subscribers, and is continued, until ordered stopped and all arrearages paid. The rate of subscription is alike to all, IS.00 per year. Subscribers paying in advance hare the choice of several premium papers in addi tion. "Sample" or "marked copies" are sent as com plimentary only, and while we desire them to be considered as invitations to subscribe, they will not be continued except upon request. Pionur Exp kiss is the best advertising medium in the county, having a more general olrouiation than any other paper. Card of rates sent on application. The Pioneer Express. TAXED TO PERSONS OR TO LAND? The Grand Forks Herald thinks that all a man's taxes, whether real or per sonal, should be kept in one place against his name, and if so kept that he wonld never be mistaken as to whether his taxes were paid or not, and wants to know why this would not be the best way." Taxes are so kept in some states and in Canada. It does not follow that it is the best way or that the objections made bythe Herald lie against our system. The basic idea of our present system is that the person is responsible to the state and county tor his personal taxe?, but that real estate pays or can be made to pay ior itself. As to a man omitting to pay his personal taxes by error in this state, it is almost impossible, as the treasurer is bound by law to notify every* body of the. amount due and when it has to be paid. Then again, if the tax* payer still forgets or neglects, he gets another notice from the sheriff later, when the list is handed over to him for collection, and if not paid then the sher iff makes a personal visit to enforce the collection.. "Seems if that was enough notice the personal tax. Then as for re4l estate, a man pays for just what lawds or lots that he chooses to pay for. He isn't bound to pay for any if he don^t wantto If a man has so much land that he'cfeh't keep the run of it, that is his for* tufi$ or misfortnne as he may consider it. If Aotes not pay, the land is advertised r~" owner can lookover the and refresh his 'inemory the**rfWchooses. The a*" up teethe dayof.sale is bnt jjetfr' A Then after is sokUt is not Jost byTwijf, IDatt, nor d^"require a .wtf he ft j? &* i0$M ing his taxes for the current year find his tax receipt stamped "sold for taxes,"iand he gets another legal notice belore the tax deed is given. So we hardly see why the owner don't get enough notice be* fore his land is alienated entirely by tax sale, which in itself is a question. The objections to the personal manner of charging up all taxes are many, but the principal one |is that a person, or many.persons, may have an equtty in a piece of land, but not enough to have an object in paying the taxes, or perhaps not to pay them until some time in the future. Others may prefer to wait until the land is sold at the tax sale for the purpose of buying ih at that time and thus take care of the tax ahd establish a lien to strengthen alien already held at the same time. And in this connection, we may say that the law that requires the taxes paid on land before the deed can be recorded is a hardship to many persons for the same reason. Many times for good rea sons it would be desirable to record a deed without paying the taxes, and it is often a rank injustice.to the party who finds it necessary to do the recording. On the other hand it is of no value to the county or state as the tax due is secured by the very best security possible and if not paid bears a high rate of interest. The idea of securing the land free of tax to the purchaser is all right, but that same thing could be done just as well by requiring the present auditor's certificate to atate the amount due inste*d-oi' Above all things, however, don't med die with the tax laws any more than is absolutely necessary. The people have just now got to a fair knowledge of the manner and times of collecting taxes in the state. Don't muddle them all up by adopting anew law based on principles so diametrically opposed to (he present law. PRINTED THANKS. Public newspaper acknowledgements of favors shown may sometimes be, but rarely are, in good taste. It is .only po liteness to express gratitude on the prop er occasion and in the proper, place, but it is quite possible to overdo the thing Published thanks for kindnesses of friends and neighbors in cases, of death and funerals in ordinary cases is unnec cesary and uncalled lor. There is no doubt of the gratitude of the surviving friends and the fact does not need publi cation, any more than such facts as that the surviving friends are also honest, or truthful, or moral. In most cases, if the persons obliged feel a special obligation it is a debt that can be discharged when the death angel or other trouble comes to other .households. No newspaper man inserts a card of thanks without a feeling of revulsion, not because it takes time to put it in type but because it seems to him so-out of place and unnecessary. But bad as the funeral card is, the pub lication of lists ol wedding presents is far worse. They are also in the nature of public thanks for what is really a private gilt which from its very nature has no right to general publicity outside of the immediate friends of the .parties. To publish such a list is to invite public com parison and comment as to the rela tive liberality of the givers. In nearly all lists sent for pnblicatipn there are' many insignificant trifles. As printed they seem almost a reflectiou on the liberality of the givere to the stranger readers, and yet the value of a gift is notallin its cost, it is not lair and tight, to publish «uch things for the cold comparison of strang ers Who know but little W ofothing of the hearts or circumstances that are IteUnd the ^lta. Custom in this a*e makes the dnty^iof lhe bride to feckqdwleclge^the tf- ^OQCllf dbnedbylt^e'fiictthat the reafly JriitMul knd wait PEMBINA, 1ST. t., PRI that's all there is to it. It and restores color to gray THE CHICAGO CAR STRIKE. There is a street car strike on in Chic ago with all the, natural accompanying disturbances of traffic and rioting. The natural sympathies of most people are with the working then in such cases as it is supposed that the strike is caused by the oppression of the poor man by the rich corporation. But the following is stated to be the demands of the organ ized unions of Chicago in this case The company agreed to submit all de mands as to wages to arbitration, but the demands it refused to arbitrate are as follows: "That every employe of the company shall belong to the unions and that every non-union employe of the company eith er be compelled to ioin the union- or be discharged." That the emplo\ es of the company have the right to control what is known as the 'routing' of cars, which includes the assignment of men and the selection of working hours." "That no employe of the company be discharged from its service without the consent of the officers of the union, who are to be judges of the conduct of the employes of the company." We think if such demands were made of our employing farmers that they would also object to arbitration of such matters. It is simply asking that the full control be handed over to the bosses of the union. The power of hiring, gov erning or discharging is taken from the employer and handed over to the officers of the union. We hardly see what is lelt for the employer except pay the wages —such wages as the employes demand for such work as they may please to do. That Neche spit-ball battery under the command of Br'er Lampam is again bel ching forth fire and brimstone. The three, L. f. and b., make a very fair imitation of W '1 seems too busy to search Hunt for out- cause Br'er the dictionary, or Mark landish, Chinese stink-pots to throw at us as in former battles, so now all we have to do is to dodge his plain, old fashioned billingsgate of the slums. Br'er Lampman, of Chrontvpe, intim ates that he is rather proud of being call ed the twin of Editor Hager of the Times. Now let us hear from brother Hager. icf.. When you go to see your girl take some '.Keystone Maid" cigars with you, The smoke is fragrant. For sale by W. C. Short. County News. ••••••••••••••••••••••••a* Dr. John Sinclair has moved from St. Thomas to Minneapolis. Alex. Beaton and wife of Bathgate have anew daughter at their home, born on the 26th. 7 1 St. Thomas. Methodists will add 16x30 feet to their church for parlors and Sun day school room- Married at Motden, Man., recently, Chas. E. Pask and Miss Mary Kcllet, both of Walhalla., Jack Currie, the printer of Bathgate, has gone to Michigan City to work on the Independent*there. James Yeo and family, old residents of Crystal, have gone to Edmonton, N. W. T., to make' their home. Contractor Morehouse is building a new house near Bowesmont for Mr. John McGurran and sou of Cavalier but went over to the Red Lake country, did not see anything there to like. W.}. Louden and J. F. Derby of Bath* (ate went to the Rainy River country to see if tiiey could find.a deer or two.. About this time of year look' out for church suppers, says the old Farthers' Almanic, and the current' eounty pap elsl 1 s- "V? Jtf'spn W W.'S. Chappan, a former resident of Bathgate, died tit his ime in Bemidli on the 30th, aged about "1 3STOV. SO. makes the hair cause it is a hair-food. It eedfi (he hair and the hair grows, stops falling of the hair, too, Miss Mabel Jones swallowed a needle about five years ago and last week it or another one was removed by the doctor from her knee. She lives at Kensa), A R. C. supper at Bathgate last week tietted $172, and the ladies naturally feel that they did pretty well. Mrs. B. De Marse was the principal mover in the af fair. Norman Travis of St. Thomas has had patented anew spring coulter, which will rise-over obstructions and has received a flattering offer for it from a plow com pany. Mrs. Cox, mother of county commis sioner Cox and Mrs. Sinclair, left Bowes mont for her home in Goderich, Ont., last week after a pleasant visit with her relatives here. Married at McLean on Nov. 4th, Geo. Creiman and Miss Mabel Bride. The happy couple h^ve gone to Minot to re side, followed by the good wishes of many old friends. Out at the Carter school house they had a big box social that took in some $120. A little dance followed the pro gram. The money will go to purchase an orgau for the school. Supt Alexander was at Crystal last vveek and visited the schools and in the evening acted as auctioneer for the Meth odist ladies' entertainment. The Call Says he was a success, too. Wrh. Moore of Drayton went to the northwest and from what he saw thought he could do as well in buying land in this county and upon his raturn bought the three quarter sections near Drayton fof%IO.OOO. Jonta Robbie and Miss Harriet Angier of Cavalier were married at the home of the bride's sister near Bay Center on the 9th inst. The groom is the manager of the roller mills at Drayton and was for merly a resident at Cavalier. The ing taken our turkey—and so we don't know which of them hava it. Editor Ha gar says he has one on hand and another one promised—and neither of them ours. But what can Bro. Hager want of so much turkey with only two in the fam ily. Robert Moulton has sold his 160 facre farm near Crystal to Robert Woods for 97,000. The Call says this is a good price to pay for a quarter, but that the purch aser has a fine home. Mr* M. will prob ably go to Virginia for the winter for his wife's health, which is poorly. The tax sale for the current year is running in the Chronicle. The date of sale is the first Tuesday in Dece.aber, Which this year is the first day of De cember. It is not of very great length and from the looks of it we think that but little of the lands described will be sold, as they will probably be paid up before the day of sale. Jos. StraUon of Crystal Is making ar rangements to move with his family to Virginia. Joe has always been one of the very few old time republicans of Jailora township (for along time Register Gill was the other one) and, as the Times remarks, he will again find himself polit ically lonesome in Virginia Many old friends will regret the loss of Mr. S. and family. Rev. and Mrs. F. N. Scott are visiting relatives at Bowesmont. They have just returned from New York, where they appeared before the missionary board, took an appointment as missionaries to Japan, and will sail for that country in about a week. Rev. Scott spent his early life on a farm in the vicinity of Drayton. He is a graduate of Ilamline University and Drew Theological Seminary. Mrs. Scott (nee Annie McLellan) was: a for mer resident with her father at Bowes mont and for several years Was a teacher in. the schools of tne county. They have many friends ih this county who will wish them God-speed in their chosen work They go via Winnipeg and the C. P. R. «/you taik yVnti-Thist then you ought to smoke ther."Keystone Maid" cigars. ^t^y. c. sSbo^'s. ARoaaway Bteyde. |%"erminat*(ia with an dgl^ cut on the le^ B.Orisr.Xranklln Grove, III. Buck^'sArnka 2908. mm YOU NEED 1 WARMER I WEAR! 1 &FR NUMBER omfortable, '•i We have forty Stovetf and Ranges in stock, at prices from $32,50 to $58. heating Stoves $2.50 to $55. Jhey are the Universal, Majestic, Favorite and Cbles—all standard, reliable stqv^s. I A N E S S A N O A I N E jf.'j 1 Dealers in HARDWARE Going to Leave It to your Judgment as to whether ,' or not this Jewelry 6?'. Does not look better worth the money than any you have seen. Ik won't be necessary for us to point out where and why our goods are superior. Any one with half an eye can see for themselves, WATCHES, CLOCKS. SILVER WARE, CUT GLASS, NOVELTIES, ETC. M. H. Miller. «It's Getting Colder I I 1 F°r the A fine line for coid weather wear, and in curent winter styles, We have some PEMBINA TONSOR1AL PARLORS, tip 4 pleasant and short for yourself by buying a S fine fur coats which will go 1 4 cheap. Duck corts. lined and uii- lined—cheap. .1 BJBranchaud *r !»»V Ilia Make the winter and^ faipily, $tPvf» Good, up-to! date Stove.. ,* fn I Wi from ryl mm ,K :t' Tid,erwe ^ave all wool,'fleece- ^ned or mixed. Variety, quality to suit »ny taste. We can fit your feet socks, shoes or boots. with 6tockings, All these goods have .been selected by experienced buyer expressly for this season's trade. DRESS GOODS: I V. .if 1 Af A4 5 sf sat -I? speci^lfy' :W." I 1 it ..