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?v PEERING INTO SPACE, AlftMeetratien That Shows the Vast* nasa of 8t«llar Depths. Go dig a hole in the ground and set post five or six feet high. Natl a •Vck across the top. Tie a fine string to a ring three Inches in diameter and anspend it from the end of the stick. Break up. a diamond—if you make the error of wearing one and centering four mind on the useless bauble rather than upon nature and her majestic laws select a minute fragment so •nail that If spherical seventy-one side by side would make a row one inch long and suspend the tiny globe by means of a fine fiber of silk in the center of the ring. Then walk away on a straight line &31 miles, turn around and look back. The ring would be Invisible, and it would require the keenest eye to see the post if Indeed any could see it. Get a good telescope and you might Just see the ring against the sky on a white background, but the diamond would be invisible. Come up here, get the sixteen Inch telescope, try it, and the diamond sphere could not be seen. Go get a forty or sixty inch telescope, still the diamond would not come into view. Then get a 3,000,000 candle power electric arc searchlight and by means of a big lens concentrate the light on the diamond. Then a much smaller telescope would reveal it Go to the giant star sun, Slrlus. the dog star. Take a very large telescope with you. turn around and look back this way. Then the orbit of the earth, a ring 186.000,000 miles in diameter, would appear to be as three inches in diam eter viewed from 9.31 miles, and the ran as the one seventy-first of an Inch In diameter.—Edgar Lucien Larkin in New York American. HE DIDN'T LIKE WHIGS. And He Had No Use For Portraits of Henry Clay. In Daviess county, Ky., at the time when Henry Clay was running for the presidency against General Jackson, there lived a plain, industrious farmer. He was an ardent politician, noted for Ills hostility to Clay and his party. But his interest in politics did not make him indifferent to his wife's happi ness. While in town one day he thought he would surprise the good woman by presenting her with a set of new dishes. He selected an at tractive pattern, and as he was in a hurry did not examine the dishes close ly, but had them packed and placed In his wagon. His wife was delighted with the gift, bat no slight examination satisfied her feminine curiosity. In turning over a dish she discovered on the under side portrait of Henry Clay. Every piece was thus marked. To tease her hus band she asked him the cause of his "sudden change of politics." "Change of politics!" shouted the husband, as excited as If he had been charged with a crime. "What do you mean?" Thereupon she showed him the por trait on the china. As if he were rid ding himself of a noxious thing, the fanner gathered up every dish and. carrying them to the door, broke them into fragments on the stone steps. He purchased another set of dishes In a tew days, but not until he bad made rare that there was no Whig politi cian's portrait on them.—Youth's Com panion. Graft In Turkey. In the days when M. Paul Cambon represented the Interests of the French republic at Constantinople Mme. Sarah Bernhardt who had been touring In eastern Europe, was desirous of giving dramatic representation at Yildiz kiosk. The sultan was willing and the terms were duly arranged with the keeper of the wardrobe, the worthy pasha who has the control of all enter tainments at Ylldlz. But the pasha held out his hand for more backsheesh than La Belle Sarah felt inclined to give and so the long looked for rep resentation did not take place. Sarah Bernhardt lost by it £1.000 and the coveted order of the chefekat. Her mann, the conjurer, knowing the ropes better than the French actress, squared the keeper of the wardrobe, gave his show and got his thousand pounds. •i A Monastic Race Coursa, Sandown is the part of Esher that all travelers see from the railway, with the grand stand backed by a fine clus ter of dark pines. Among the smaller race courses none is prettier. The estate purchased by a company for the special purpose of horse racing origi nally belonged to a priory. All the brethren were swept away by the black death about the middle of the fourteenth century and every trace of their monastic buildings has disap peared. Only their memory now re mains as a text of warning to thought lass pleasure seekers. Westminster Gazette. Maintenance of a Microbe. A country schoolteacher was cashing her monthly check at the bank. The teller apologized for the filthy condition ef the bills, saying, "I hope you're not afraid of microbes." "Not a bit of it" the schoolmarm replied. "I'm sure no microbe could live on my salary."—Lippincott's. He Found It. 1 started oat on the theory that the world had an opening for me, and I went to find it" "Did yon find y"tj-rr* Itr S it. "Oh, yes: I'm In a holer He that runs not by *»tra*ae*nce retrieve by peiwimony.—From the v!i I I. w. HE PAID THE PRICE Ismail Pasha** Whim Was a Costly ami Short Lived One. Ismail Pasha, former viceroy and kbe dlve of Egypt, in spite of his European education and association, maintained throughout his life an oriental love of lavishness and display. While traveling in France he was entertained at Belleau. the country es tate of his friend Bravais. The host had made his entire fortune from Egyptian concessions and consequent ly exerted himself to his utmost to make his noble visitor's stay a pleas ant one. Bravais succeeded a little better than he liked, for the kbedlve after admiring the estate, offered to buy it. The proposition came as a shock to Bravais. wbo did not wish to offend his patron and yet bad no idea of parting with his beloved estate. "But, sir," he said, "Belleau is not tor sale." "Yet I wish to buy it." replied Ismail, unperturbed. "How much Bravais. believing to put an end to an embarrassing situation by naming an impossible price, said jokingly. "Ah. if your highness were to offer me 2,000.000 francs"— "They are yours." interrupted the viceroy, "and Belleau is mine." Ismail Pasha extended his visit and during the next week continued to ex press tys admiration of tbe place, nl though he did not allude to tbe previ ous conversation. Bravais began to hope that he had forgotten it. On the day of his departure Ismail was about to step into his carriage when he turned to his host. "My dear Bravais." be said. "I never break my word. Here is a check for two millions. As for Belleau, I give it to you."—Arthur Meyer in "What I Can Tell." MALET'S DARING PLOT. Its Him Success Might Have Made Master of Paris. A bold scheme was that engineered by Malet. a Frenchman. Malet bad been a republican general, was ruined by the rise of Napoleon, betook himself to plotting, was arrested and finally executed. During the emperor's absence In Rus sia In 1S12 Malet escaped one night from his prison, obtained a general's uniform and with an accomplice dressed as an ald-de-camp made his way to the prison of La Force, where the unsuspecting governor released on his command two other ex-republic ans, Generals Laborle and Guldal. pris oners on a like charge to his own. Together they proceeded to a neigh boring barracks, announced to the commandant that Napoleon was dead and that they were acting by the de cree of the senate, ordered the troops to be paraded and dispatched bodies of men upon various duties. Some ar rested Savery, the minister of police: others the police prefect Another bat talion seized the Hotel de Ville. Everybody obeyed Malet implicitly, even the prefect of the Seine, and he would undoubtedly have gained pos session of Paris had he not been rec ognized by Laborde. chief of the mili tary police, as an escaped prisoner. He was arrested after a scuffle, the plot was unraveled, and in due course Malet with twenty-three of his abet tors, was shot A Potato Collection. Potatoes are used for other than feeding purposes. A writer in Notes and Queries recently recorded the case of a man who has filled a cabinet "with a series of small wrinkled ob jects which look and feel like large pebbles." They are not pebbles, how ever, but potatoes, which have become petrified by being carried a long time in the pocket Each potato Is marked with a small label bearing an inscrip tion such as "Carried from Nov. 12. 1888. to May 18, 1890. Very efficacious." The collector claims that the potato carried in the trousers pocket has proved to be the best of the many remedies be has tried for rheumatism. He carries a potato until the return of the twinges seems to testify to the decline of its curative properties. Then he takes a new potato and locks the old one up in his cabinet—London Chronicle. Unfortunate Omission. One of tbe most singular instances of punishment for an oversight was that shown by tbe commitment of an alma nac maker to the Bastille in 1717. It was made out by order of the Duke of Orleans, regent during the minority of Louis V. of France, and read as fol lows: "Laurence d'Henry. for disre spect to King George 1. in not mention ing him in his almanac as king of Great Britain." How long this un lucky almanac maker remained in pris on is unknown. The register of tbe Bastille, examined at the time of the revolution, failed to throw any light on the subject He Died Anyhow. This was the way a native physician in India filled out a death certificate: "I am of a mind that he died (or lost his life) for want of foodtngs or on ac count of starvation. Maybe also for other things or comfortables, and most probably he died by drowning." His Bid. First Buyer—What did be want for that stuff? Second Ditto-Thirty shil lings. First Buyer—What did you bid him? Second Ditto—Good morning.— London Answers. Nothing to Brag About "I never hear yon bragging about your ancestors." "No Tlif.v nil had to wryk for living wmmmmm SHIPS AS THEY SINK, Their Trip to the Bottom and What Happens Afterward. What becomes of the that sinks In midocean? If It la of wood it In the first place, considerable time for It to reach the bottom. In a hundred or more fathoms of water a quarter of an hour wIJI elapse before the ship reaches bottom. It sinks slowly, and when tbe bottom is reached it falls gently into the soft, oozy bed. with no crash or breaking. Of course if it is laden with pig iron or corresponding substances or if it is an iron ship it sinks rapidly and some times strikes tbe bottom with such force as to smash in pieces. Once sunken a ship becomes the prey of the countless inhabitants of the ocean. They swarm over and through the greut boat and make it their home. Besides this they cover every inch of tbe boat with a thick layer of lime. This takes time, of course, and when one generation dies another continues the work until finally the ship is so laden with heavy incrustations, corals. Bponges and barnacles that If wood the creaking timbers fall apart and slowly but surely are absorbed in the waste at the sea bottom. Iron vessels are demolished motv quickly than those of wood, which may last for centuries. The only met als that withstand the chemical actiou of the waves are gold and platinum, and glass also seems unaffected. No matter how long gold may be hidden in the ocean, it will always be gold when recovered, and this fact explains the many romantic and adventurous searches after hidden submarine treas ures lost in shipwrecks. EARLY COLONIAL HOUSES. Some Had inner Stone Walls to Resist the Indian Raiders. In America tbe early colonists had little use for the mason's art, except in the construction of the huge chimney stacks which in any dwelling of con siderable size and any pretensions to comfort formed a very considerable part of the structure. The great kitch en fireplace and oven, with smaller hearths in from two to four rooms on each floor, required a very considera ble part of the material and skilled labor bestowed upon a colonial home stead in the more northern colonies. In some sections where the dangers of an attack by Indian raiders were imminent, tbe wooden walls of the lower story Inclosed a stout wall of brick or a kind of rubble masonry. Some of these buildings are still stand ing and inhabited, although dating back (at least so far as the lower stories are concerned) over two cen turies. A very few brick buildings have wholly or in part come down to as from tbe first years of colonization, and until within tbe last half century some that preserved the peculiar fea tures of Elizabethan and Stuart types of dwelling and business structures. Much of the brick and about all the great flooring tiles and ornamental tiling were at first Imported from Eu rope, but lime and brick of good qual ity were soon produced in almost every community.—Charles Wlnslow Hall in National Magazine. Love Will Find a Way. The young couple hastened Into the union station. It was very patent that they were not married. They were alto gether too chummy fqr that They went out onto the platform and stood and talked for a minute, when he took her In his arms and kissed her fondly and again hurried away toward a train. "What do you think of that?" In quired one of tbe attaches of the sta tion. "That looks all right Why?" "They do that three or four times a week. They think that everybody else will think that be Is going away on a long journey, but he has never got on a train yet He simply walks around back of the train and disappears. He gets his kiss all right though."—Louis ville Times. Minuteness of an Atom. Sir Oliver Lodge once gave a striking Illustration of tbe minuteness of tbe atom. The amount of gold in sea water, although very small, seems con siderable when stated in atoms, for a single drop of sea water contains SO, 000.000 atoms of gold. That figure, however.' indicates merely one-fiftieth of a grain in a ton of sea water, and it would take 100,000,000 atoms to be visible under a microscope of tbe high est power. A Bad Spill. "Here's a young woman left $500. 000 merely for spilling a little sun shine into an old man's life." "Her experience Is more fortunate than mine. I once spilled a cup 6t coffee into an old man's lap and he cut me out of his will altogether."— Louisville Courier-Journal. Satisfied With Sound. "The man has a wonderful flow of language/' said the impressionable girl. "Yes," replied Miss Cayenne. "He Is one of the people who would ratber talk than be listened to."—Washington Star. she Couldn't See It. Miss—You earn (SO a month. Before I marry you yonll have to earn $50 a week. Mister—B-but with yon a month would seem but a week.—New York Globe Semetimee Happens, Mrs. Whyte—I understand ate mar* rled beneath .her. Mrs. Browne—Yea, fjh* young man In tbe flat below, loa ervllle J'tiirual. ?#f"",i,v" BROKEN ENGLISH. Trial* «f a Frenchman With One ef. Our Common Verb* English is said to be the hardest lan guage in tbe world to foreigners. This is a broad statement which might be bard to prove, but certainly it is not the easiest in tbe world. A professor in an eastern college relates a French friend's trials with our verb "break." He writes: "I begin to understand your language better, but your verbs trouble me still I saw my friend Mrs. S. just now. She says she intends to break down her school earlier than usual. Am 1 right there?" "Break up her school." she must have said. "Ob, yes. I remember break up school." "Why does she do that?" I asked. "Because her health la broken into." "Broken down." "Broken down? 'Ob, yes! And, in deed, since the fever has broken np in her town." "Broken out Will she leave her house alont?'' "No. She is afraid it will be broken —broken. How do 1 Bay that?" "Broken into." 1 "Certainly, it is what I meant to say." "Is her son to be married soon?" "No, That engagement is broken broken." "Broken off."—Los Angeles Times. FEARED THE HOODOO. A Story That Was Told on Jesse Bur kett, the Ball Player. Of all tbe superstitious ball players none can bold a candle to Jesse Bur kett the old Cleveland outfielder. "Jesse and the rest of us were out at Delmar track, in St. Louis." said Bobby Wallace in telling the story. "Jesse got down $20 at 3 to 5 on a good thing that may be running yet "Burkett bad been tipped to this by George Keister, race track man. After the race Jesse turned on Keister with one of his snarls, and Keister, knowing his fear of boodoos. Said: "'I'll put tbe Spanish curse on you for a week for that' "The next day Burkett failed to get a hit and muffed a fly. The day after he booted a grounder and struck out twice. That night he hunted up Keis ter. "'Come up to my room,' said Bur kett "Keister went along, and Burkett unwrapped a package, displaying a beautiful ascot, and Bald: 'George, I'll give you that scarf—It cost me $2—If you'll take off that Span ish curse.' "Keister snapped his fingers three times and said. 'It's off.' "And the next day, strange to say. Burkett made three hits and fielded like a fiend." The Popular Turkiah Bath. There Is a widespread use of the va por or Turkish bath. Even In arctic Lapland the use of a Turkish bath of very primitive form Is common. It consists of a hut attached to every farm. In the middle of the hut Is raised a kind of beehive of rough stones, and in this afire is lighted. When the stones become red hot they are drenched with water, so that the place is filled with vapor. Then enter the bathers, who are armed with birch twlgs,*with which they belabor one an other until all are in a state of profuse perspiration. Then all leave the hut and roll In the snow outside. This last function, it will be observed, is equiva lent to the cold plunge, which is the final experience in the Turkish bath, as known to us alL—Harper's. A Royal Prank. The legend that Tavolara is an inde pendent state owes its origin to a royal prank. While making a progress through his dominions in 1836 King Charles Albert reached Terranova, a small port on the northeast coast of Sardinia. Here Paul Bertoleoni was presented to the king as the representa tive of Tavolara, an island seven miles away. He informed his majesty that all tbe inhabitants of the island were Bertoleonls and that be was the head of tbe family. The fisherman bowed bis knee as a subject and rose a king, for Charles was so amused that he laughingly gave him sovereignty. Paul took the matter seriously, and it be came the custom for foreign warships to salute the island to keep up the joke. —London Chronicle. Weight of a Piece of lee. A rough and ready method of cal culating the weight of a piece of Ice is afforded by the fact that a cubic foot of this substance weights approxi mately 57.25 pounds. First measure the breadth, length and height of the cake, and the three results, being mul tiplied. will give the number of cubic inches. If this answer be in turn multiplied by 0.33 tbe approximate number of pounds will result For In stance, a cake 8 by 9 by 10 inches contains 720 cubic inches. This multi plied by .033 gives 23% pounds, the correct weight of suoh a piece of Ice. 'Heartless. "Nobody knows how 1 have suf fered," she complained. "Does your husband abuse yon?" "No, but' he can sit for hours with eat hearing a word that I say/'—Chi cago Record-Heratyl. 7 The Weak SpMt. "My childish ambition was to be a sprinkling cart operator. Since then I have fallen off tbe wagon times."—Chicago Tribune. Those who always creep are die only that Ml To FromJElf" PEMBINA AW 1mmI ThcYouth'a Companion for 1913. The Youth's Companion appeals to every interest in family life, from house keeping to athetotics. It begins with stories of youthful yim and vigor, with articles which disclose the secrets of successful play in the great games, with charming tales of life at the girls col es. But The Companion does not surrender these readers when they enter ed the more serious paths of life. Mothers will welcome the page for little children and the weekly doctor's article. Fathers will find the important news of the day as it is, and not as it is rumored to be. The entire household will ap preciate the sketches which touch gently on common foibl|98 or caricature eccent ricity. In short, for less than four cents a week The Companion brings into tbe home clean entertainment, pure inspir ation, find ideals, increase of knowledge. Names rarely seen in tables of contents will be found in The Companion's An nouncement for 1913, which will be sent upon request—with samples of the paper, to those not familier with it. Every new subsoriber for 1913 will re ceive free all the issues for the remain ing weeks "of 1912 also, free, The Com panion -Window Transparency and Cal ender for 1913, in rich, translucent colors —the'raoet beautiful of all Companion souvenim. """THE YOUTH'S COMPANION, 144 Berkeley St, Boston Mass. SHIP YOUR CHAIN F.M. DAVIES & CO. IMS fliriirsf Cmm PROMPT RETURNS TOP PMOM •RANCH orfICt DULUTH nan** thicket Nitro Club steel lined a your bird can neither gel too much nor too little. A special system of wadding gives at 25 yds. a spread equal to that of a standard shell at 40 yds. and with greater penetration. The ited lining gives the speed plus perfect pattern. 'Get a bo* to-day. Youi local dealer has then. Try them on a paper target with your old duck gun. Remington Arms-Union Metallic Cartridge Co. 299 Broadway ,a New York City Round-trip Home Visitors Excursion Far East December 1st to 31st inc. From points in Minnesota and North Dakota, to points in Wis consin Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Nebraska, Missouri, Michigan, New York Ohio, Pennsylvania. NOW is the time to visit the old home. Go and stay for the holidays. Tickets bear final return limit 90 days from date of sale. Stop over allowed. Milwaukee Wis Dubuque la Chicago 111 Indianapolis CD 00 09 id c* GO Corresponding fares to many other point3 in states above named. Several splendid teams daily to St. Paul, Minneapolis two through to Chicago, one via Milwalkee. Through Stand ard and Tourist Sleeping Cars and Coaches. Dining Car ser vice that is famous on this "Route the Great Big Baked Potato." fi 0) IO 00 c* Call on C. W. SHUMAKER, Agent Northern Pacific Railway A- M. CLELAND, General Passenger Agent, St. Paul. CM NY Cincinnati Ohio Louis Mo Detroit Mich Buffalo Ind Omaha Neb St. r- Sf 2 3 a* a CO a a po O C* ftO J. K. SWITZER'S HeatHarket Lowest Possible Prices for! all meats. BEST SERVICE, EXPERIENCED BUTCHERS! All kinds of meat kept on hand. IMM City Dray Line Contracts for large lots taken, and goods deliver ed on short notice. FOWLER wk