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1 'i* §1 FLORUS B. PLIMPTON. Bettb of a Well-Known Ohio Journalist and Poet. Floras B. Plimpton, for many years on the editorial staff of The Cincinnati Commercial end of The Commercial Gazette, after the consolidation of the two papers, died on one of the last days of April, at his liomo in Cin cinnati. Death was caused by heart trouble. His body is to be cremated. I F. B. FLIMPTOX. Mr. Plimpton was born at Palmyra, O., £5 years ago. Ho conics of the strong liearted, long-lived stock that peopled what is known as the western reserve. His father, a Methodist preacher, is still living—a hale, ruddy man, past 80. Floras was born a poet. Some of the strongest, sweetest and most graceful linos ever written by an Ameri can are from his pen. That they are so little known is because they were usually written at his desk in the midst of his editorial duties and published only in his own paper. Of spare hours he had few or none. If ho had been at ease financially in his youth, ho would have been at his death one of Ameri ca's distinguished poets. Indeed, he had al ways looked ahead to gathering his poems at some future time and publishing them in a volume. His friends and those familiar with them very much desired this, but the leisure to make the book never came. Bits of verse from his pen are found ia collections of American poetry. Methodist preachers' sons must turn out early to earn their own living. Florus learned first the printer's trade. But writing for newspapers suited him better than put ting other people's writing into type and he early began to do that. He graduated at Allegheny college, paying for his education himself. After a varied newspaper expe rience he became a member of the editorial staff of The Cincinnati Commercial in 1860. He left The Pittsburg Dispatch to become a •writer on The Commercial He was offered at one time an editorial place on The New York Tribune, but he declined it. He was Identified with The Commercial and its for tunes for twenty-six years. During the absences of Mr. Halstead, Mr. Plimpton had charge of the paper. These absences lasted for months sometimes, and occasionally they came in the midst of im portant political campaign*. At these times The Commercial did brave and brilliant work for its party. Mr. Plimpton frequently •lept upon a sofa in his editorial rooms and did not leave the office for days, so busy and Anxious was he. His last years were sad dened by discouragement and declining health. He was a forceful, witty writer, one of the brave, quiet newspaper men whose fame is unwritten. Vassar's New President. REV. JAMES MONROE TAYLOTT. While search was being made for a party to fill the rather trying position of president of Vassal* college, it was suggested that a woman be given a trial. This, for some un explained reason, was not done, but the next thing to it was effected in the choice of a Vassar girl's husband, whose sister is presi dent of the Vassal1 Alumnae association. So it is presumed that the fair sex will have this time nn opportunity of carrying out their wishes in the government of tlia insti tution, with the advantage of having an ex ceedingly handsome and efficient man to ear ly out their behests. The father of President Taylor was for twenty-five years a Baptist pastor in Brook lyn, where, in 1848, this son was born. Great care was taken with the future Vassar president's education. From private schools he was sent, in 1864, to the University of Rochester, l'roin which ho was graduated with high honors—afterwards spending three years in the Rochester Theological seminary. He spent the year 1871 in Europe in travel and study. Upon his return he was called to the Baptist church at South Norwalk, Conn., and after nine years of a remarkably suc cessful pastorate ho accepted a call to the Fourth Baptist church of Providence, li. I., from which ho was chosen president of Vassar. tnu* autnoncy noes not go very strongly for holding the reins in one hand. It may look very fine, but it leaves the driver at the mercy of any sudden movement the horse may make. Especially in the beginning of a journey a good driver always takes tlw reins in both hands, and holds them thus as long as there is the least possibility of a horse turning to the right or left. And even if ho does for a little while hold them in the- left band he always keeps his right hand where be can grasp them instantly in case of need It is to bo feared that Mr. Sidney never had *ny experience of "sparking" over American country roads. THE RAILROAD STRIKE. HOW THE STRIKE ORIGINATED ON THE SOUTHWESTERN SYSTEM. Slap of St. Louts and East St. Louis—Por traits of Governors Murinuiluke, of Mis souri, and Martin, of Kansas, anil Vice-President H. M. Hoxle. ST. LOUIS, March 81.—Whata tremendous conflagration can result from a small spark is shown in the recent railroad strike which spread over all the roads of Mr. Gould's Southwestern system from the discharge of a single man. It began in this way: One year ago an agreement was made be tween the Knights of Labor and the mana gers of this system that no man should be dis charged without du3 notice. On Feb. 15 District assembly 101, of the Knights of La bor, held a convention at Marshall, Tex. Among the delegates was C. A. Hall, a fore man in the Texas Pacific car shops at Mar shall. He had secured, it is alleged, a leave ol'absence to attend the convention from his immediate superior, the master car builder. The convention lasted four days. At noon of the last day Mr. Hall resumed his work, but received a note in the evening on quitting work from this same master car builder that he was discharged for being absent from business without leave. The local committee demanded his reinstatement, which was refused. A local strike was ordered, but the men refused to obey the comm.ttee. A meeting of the executive vwtne Hospital vaxU* MAP OF ST. LOUIS AND VICINITY. board of the Knights was called, and an order was given for the men to quit work at Forth Worth, Marshall and Dallas. Again the executive board asked for the reinstate ment of Hall, and threatened in case of re fusal to call all the men out on the Gould system which employs as shopmen, track men and trainmen, some 13,000 men. On March 0 tho order for the machine shopmen to strike was given, and immediately 3,000 men quit work. The railroad managers still refusing to yield, on March 8 the switchmen, trainmen and firemen were ordered out, which resulted in 7,000 more men leaving the trains. The reason the number was not larger was owing to the fact that great care was taken to leave sufficient men to run all mail and passenger trains without any delay. Thus has begun the trouble which has resulted in losses of thousands of $ GOVERNOR J. S. MATTMADL-KE. carloads of perishable freight, a lack of pro visions almost to starvation in towns sup plied by the railroads, a loss in wages to the strikers of £-0,(100 a day, besides a loss which is incalculable to all lines of business, and to truckmen, expressmen and others indirectly depending on the railroads. On March 10 tho order was given by the railroad managers to lay off all the clerks, telegraph operators and yard watchmen, which resulted in tho discharge of 3,000 men. The above map of the city of St. Louis and East St. Louis shows the termination of the various roads centering in or near the city. St. Louis is the center of but four lines of railroad from the west, while out of East St. Louis there are nine lines running east. At tho Union depot there was little change noticeable in the arrival and departure of trains, but at the stock yards, west of the depot, and at Carondelet and the other freight yards, thousands of cars and locomo tives remained idle. GOVERNOR JOHN A. MARTIN. Oil March 20 there was a conference of the governors of the states of Missouri and Arkansas with Vice-President Hoxie, in the hope of bringing about a settlement of the dWmiltim Qua. tfanuuluka. of feiswurl. is largely identified with some of the leading business interests of his state, so that for per sonal, as well as public reasons, he was eager to see an adjustment of the troubles. As editor and proprietor of The Daily Champion, at Atchison, Kan., Governor John A. Martin was admirably fitted as an arbitrator. The progress of the strike from this timo to its close is familiar to the newspaper reader. Its results it is hoped will teach the Knights of Labor and their employers a salutary les son. At any rate it will long be remembered in this section of country as being one of tho lirst pitched battles between weli organized capital and organized, but poorly disciplined, labor. H. W. KEI:P. A KEW WHITE HOUSE. A PRIVATE RESIDENCE TO BE BUILT FOR THE PRESIDENT. Tim Ktirly Tlistcry of the First National 7 iiilli»g In America—Designed After a Dublin l'alace—Its Attoinptcil De struction by liritisli Soldiers. WASHINGTON, April 6.—Senator Morrill's bill, which lias been reported favorably by the senate, and is likely to pass both houses, is designed to furnish the president an appro priate dwelling place. The present Whito House lias long since been inadequate to tho demands of a president's residence. Out of the thirty-one rooms in the building, there is but one room on the first lloor, the family dining room, and six chambers on the second lloor aro all that is left for the use of the president's family. The rest are devoted to the requirements of official receptions, and to the executive offices. 1 his is a very different state of affairs to tho days of that good housewife Mrs. John Adams, who used to have lines swhuing from one pile of lumber to another in the Ka i, room, and bang' the clothes there to dry on wash days. km THE WHITE HOUSE IN IFIOO. The president's house has been the scene of more changes, and business of importance to the welfare of a greater number of people has been transacted within its walls during the past eighty-six years of its existence than in any building in the world. It was the first public building erected in Washington. In March, 1792, the commissioners having charge of the new capital city advertised in the New York and Philadelphia papers "for a plan for a president's bouse to be erected in the city of Washington," offering as a prize for the competition the liberal sum of $500 for tho accepted design. The successful one among the ilfteen applicant* was James Hoban, a young Irishman. He pleased the commission ers so well by his talent that they gave him a large salary to superintend the construci ion of the house. Hoban's plan, it was after wards found, was not such an original con ception as they at first supposed, for ho closely copied tho plan of Duke of Leinster's palace at Dublin, so that tho present White House is almost a duplicate of that palace. The above sketch of the "President's pal ace," as it was then called, has baen handed down to us from those days. A fitting ac companiment to it would bo this extract from a description of tho city by John Cot ton Smith, at that time member of congress from Connecticut. He wrote: "One wing of the Capitol only had been erected, which, with the president's house, a mile distant from it, both constructed with white sand stone, were shining objects in dismal con trasts with the scene around them. Instead of recognizing the avenues and streets por trayed on the p'an of the city not one was visible. The Pennsylvania avenue, leading, as laid down on paper, from the Capitol to the presidential mansion, was nearly the whole distance a deep morass covered with elder bushes, which were cut through to the president's hou e." Here is a contrast with the Pennsylvania avenue of to-day. THE PRESENT WHITE HOUSE. In 1702 the corner stone of the While House was laid, and though the neighboring hills of Maryland and Virginia were full of excellent marble they were unaware of it, and a sandstone from a Virginia quarry was used in the walls of the building. This sand stone was afterwards found to be such a poor building material that it became necessary to give it each year a coat of thick whito paint to keep it from crumbling awuy. The house is 170x8(5 feet in dimensions. Tho original White House cost about $250, 000, and when John Adams and his family first occupied it, but six of its rooms were furnished. In 1814, on tho invasion of the city by the British troops. President Madison fled from the city to a place of safety iu Maryland, but his wife, Dolly Paine Madison, remained to fulfill an engagement for a dinner party which she had made, not believing that the British would reach the city before the next day. While the guests were assembled at the banquet a servant rushed in with the startling intelligence that the enemy was on Capitol hill. Then there was a scamper. The guests fled in all direc tions and half an hour later the British soldiers were in the house. Finding a glori ous dinner .spread in the east room they re galed themselves first, then pillaged tho house and set lire to it. The wines which the soldiers found in abundance at tho deserted feast so fired their brains that thev made a bungling job of tho incuidiary portion of their raid and but little damage was done to the building. It was not until 1617 that the house was restored. When General Jackson was president in lft?J the grand portico was added, with its Ionic columns, which add such a grandeur to the buildius. Since "Old Hickory's'' time no other important change has been made in the building, except refurnishing and its annual coat of paint. These expenses, together with the original cost of tho building, foot up to nearly $800,000. THIS SITE FOR. THE NEW PRESIDENT'S HOUSE. Tho site for the new building proposed by Mr. Morrill's bill is located directly south or in the rear of the present Whito House. An appropriation of 5300,000 is asked to begin the erection of a building precisely similar to the present one and to be connected with it by a broad corridor, the new building to be used as the president's private residence and the old one for the executive offices. While the bill is before congress there will bo considerable chafing of the members advo cating it, on tho ground that thev are only the ones who possess the '-presidential bee' and are voting to feather their future nest But Which Could bo Prevented in One Case and Provided for In tin.' Other, Were Not. Human Avarice so Strung-. Illustrations From l'liotograpliu. Nono of the effete monarchies cf Europe can boast triumphs of nature's handiwork in the way of water falls and caves and canyons such as we possess, neither aro tliey privi leged to witness such grand exhibitions of nature's power when agitated. Our bliz zards and cyclones are sruarantoed to excel anything of the kind elsewhere. Then our floods aro warranted to bo full width, and as full of destruction as those found anywhere. Our losses from this last cause are :iu a larrre measure duo to our want of caution. We build our bridges and dams and locate our houses a good deal on tho "sufficient unto the (lay is the evil thereof" principle. Tho old country people err almost on tho side of un due caution. Witness their bridges, they are always built with provision for the stream running beneath to swell past all the bounds of reason or precedent. Then their milldams are built even nioro solid than the walls of China. SCENE DURING THE LEE FLOOD. Here, as in the case of the recent disaster at Lee, Mass., a stock company constructs a dam to store water power. Their aim is, of course, to build it with the least possible ex pense and with the greatest show of strength. Residents of the town detect signs of weak ness in the dam. The persons who own tho structure have their attention called to it, but they aro too bu-sy making money to bother about it. "Sufficient unto tho day," etc., they answer. One line morning, at 5:30, the dam gives way and the torrent washes down the valley, plowing a gully or channel in the earth from 50 to 200 feet wide for a distance of some four miles, wrecking- $250-, 000 Worth of property, be.-ides killing nearly a dozen persons. The loss of life would have been greater Llad not a farmer boy, named Dwight Baker, who heard the crash of tho bursting dam, rushed down the valley and aroused many slumbering families of the danger that was upon them. Similar disasters have frequently occurred in the New England states and always from tho same cause the criminal neglect and avarice of mill owners and water power proprietors. Thi is the season of tho year for such catastrophes, and this should le a warning to settlements with such elements of destruction stored above them to examine and strengthen their dams. VIEW IN ST. CLOUD AFTER THE CYCLONE. Human'negligence is in a great measure ro s]Knsible for the terrible loss of life in the recent Minnesota cyclone. They have had many previous experiences of a similar nature in that country which should have warned them to build cycloiw pits, and not trust to cellars that are covered only by the floor of the houso above, so that when tho latter is swept away tho uncovered cellar becomes a pitfall for flying debris, whieh piles in upon the unfortunate inmates who have sought it as a place of safety. Among the cyclones which have recently occurred in Minnesota, previous to tho last one, tho most destructive was that which visited Rochester early in the evening of Aug. 82. 18S.'!. The entire northern part of tho city was laid in ruins, twenty-six people killed outright and eighty others badly in jured. Tho storm was terrific, carrying everything before it. After leaving Rochester it swept onward to the west through Dodgo county, carrying death and destruction in its path. Tho loss in property from the effects of the storm was about $300,(KM. In tho recent cyclono at Sauk Rapids and St C!oud the number of killed and injured- were as ronows St Cloud—Killed, 21 injured, 80. Sauk Rapids—Killed, 08: injured, 100. Rice's Station and adjacent country—'! Killed, 15: injured. 83. Total—Killed, 74 injured, 313. Besides many who have died sine© from in juries. The property loss is estimated at *300,000. This cyclone swooped down on these town", about 4 p. in., and wrestled with thorn about twelve minutes, only leaving the terrible amount of death and desiriieticn recorded above. roots PEKKY BARTON. AVINI) AM) FLOOD. CALAMITIES WHICH ARE COMMON TO THE EAST AND WEST, 3IAP OF ST. CLOUD. In the above map the path of the cyclono is shown, and this is a curious feature of these visitations, that they will cnt a swath across a country moving everything to the level of tho earth und leave all outside it-i path untouched. Among the freaks of this cyclone vera the wafting of a suit of clothes from a tailor shop to Brainerd, sixty-two miles away, and the carrying of a headstone from a grave yard to St. Cloud, across the Mississippi, and landing it ihree miles away. In the heart of Sauk Rapids a safe weighing was carried 1,500 400 feet. Davs," or Kude," The pounds Tho iron bridge at this point, which weighed hundreds of tons, was carried clear over the town, and dropped in tho country some distance on the oilier side. The depot sign, "Sauk Rapids," was car Pied thirteen miles away, hi the direction of Rico's. A lteil Mag Itcfore it Mad Bull. I can hardly understand how tho Morgan syndicate are gifted with so little foresight and common sense as to attempt to put up tho price of coal in the face of the stand taken by the labor party, more especially when they show such enormous power. Some weeks ago I ventured to point out to these capitalists that labor was begin ning to assert its power, and yet I find that a combination, representing a capital of over £1100,000,000, are banded to gether with a view to advancing the price of one of the necessities of life. It looks as it they were shaking a red flag before a mad bull, and if ever the bull does get among them there will be a lively rattling of old bones.— Financier in Town Topics. MARVELOUS PRICES! B00 IS: MILLION •WW**. Th. Mtowint books m» punliabM In neat pamphlet form, ••"7 of thsiii handaomely tilaatratcd, ana all ar. wiuud from good type upon nod paper. Thev treat •f a great variety of subject, ana we tliini no one can amine the list without finding therein many that he er eh* would like to possess. In cloth-bound fern these booka would cost 91.00 each. Each book la complet* in itself. The Widow Bodott Paper*. Thia la the book •ver which your grandmothers laughed till they cried, aiid It is just as fuutiy today as it ever was. Orlnrnfe Fairy Storlca for tho Toune. The finest eollectiou of tairy stories ever published. Tha child ren will be delighted with th.-m. ..The I?ad* of the LaUs. By Sir Walter Scot!. 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