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PXBCT R. TBCBSHAW,Publisher. COOPER8TOWN. N. DAKOTA. CEBVEKA IS IT DURING ONE IN entitled to remain on parole for one year, during- which time he receives the pay and allowance of an American admiral. It is thought that he may like to spend a part of this time in Washington, and that he will not care to return* to Spain until the political excitement subsides, as he would almost inevitably loss his life. is claimed for the Washington artillery of New Orleans, La., which was organized in 1846, that it is the oldest artillery organization in tha United States. It was the first in the south to tender its services to the gov ernment in the war with Mexico and on the day after acceptance it was ready. It now is composed of five bat teries, with a total membership of about 350 men. UNDER the head of breadstuffs. wheat flour is our leading export to Porto Bico. During the five years 1893-1807 the number of barrels shipped per an num averaged 148,487, having a value of $570,619. In 1888-4892 the quantity exported was somewhat less, averag ing 141,324 barrels a year but the av erage annual value, owing to higher prices, exceeded that of 1893-1807, be* ing. returned at $688,293. the last five years (1803-1897) our exports of wood and its manufac tures to Porto Rico reached an average annual value of $292,336. Although these figures are somewhat larger than those for 1888-1892, returned at $285,- 773, an examination of the records for errlier years shows that this slight in crease was preceded by a long period of decline, dating from 1871, when the value of the exports was at its highest, amounting to $900,407. THE president is very fond of music, and often in the evening a number of his visitors entertain him by playing on the piano. He is especially fond of having Controller Dawes, who is an ao complished musician, play for him. The president has expressed some pleasure in the music furnished by the numerous piano organs which infest Washington, but, as they are not al lowed to enter the white house grounds, distance lends enchantment to their sound. THE present value of the British fleet in money is about £52,000,000 ($-.60,000,000). According to recently issued papers the proportion of ships of large dimensions to the total num ber built is not nearly so great as is often asserted. All but two of these are battleships, the exceptions being the Powerful and Terrible, cruisers. Of between 12,000 and 13,000 tons there are 11 ships, seven battle ships and four cruisers between 10.000, and 12, 000 tons there are ten ships, two being battle ships. lesson of the Santiago engage ment seems to be that the battleship must not carry torpedoes. Another is that, particularly in a sea engagement, torpedo boats and their normal de stroyers count for little, and that the rapid-fire batteries of the ships are of supreme importance. To these may be added the crowning lesson that we want no slow battleships. Every one henceforth built should be as swift as any in its class in any navy in the world, and as swift as the highest art of ship building can make them. THE imports into Porto Rico have generally been somewhat in excess of the exports from the islands,- bnt in 1896, for the first time in more than a decade, the value of the merchandise shipped to foreign markets was slight ly greater than that of the imported wares. The exports for 1895 had a value of $18,341,430 and were decidedly the largest on record, while the im ports for the same year, valued at $18-, 882,690, appear to have been surpassed only in 1894. when the foreign goods received at Porto Rican ports amount* ed in value to $19,086,336. 1888 we imported from Porto Rico $60,798 worth of fruits and nuts. This importation was not only the largest of the past decade, but also exceeded every previous record except that for the year 1871, which amounted to$76,311. The decline that occurred in the years following 1888 was a marked one, the annual value of the imports for 1893 1897 averaging only $18,241, as com pared with *42 ,803 for 1888-1893. Oranges are the principal variety of fruit imported. The average yearly value of the imports fell from $9,360 ifi 1888-1892 to $3,040 in 1894-1897. DURING IN the calendar year 1896 the foreign trade of Porto Rico, according to the official returns compiled by the colonial administration of the island, attained a total value of $S6,624,120, ex ceeding all previous records. Com pared with the value of 18S7, the open inff year of the decade, which amount ed to $21,287,601, these figures show a gain of more than $15,000,000 during the ten years. In the five-year period, 1892-1896, the total imports and ex ports had an average annual value of 933,870,535, as against $24,961,217 in the preceding five-year period, 1887-1891. oar export trade with Porto Kico the item of meat products is hardly less important than that of bread stuffs. During the last five years, in fact, the average annual value of the meat exports, returned at $662,576, was slightly larger than that of the export ed breadstuffs, although in the pre eeeding five years, 1888-1893, this was not the case. While the exportation of breadstuffs fell off during the de cade, that of meat products increased, the average annual value for 1888-1893, as compared with the larger figures just quoted for 1893 18i7,\amounting to 4mly 9004.678. Spaniards Surrender the Port and City of Ponce, Puerto Rico, to Our Forces. DEMAND MEETS WITH NO RESISTANCE. Entrance of tbe Americana la Warm ly Welcomed—Old Glory Holated— Gen. Mllea laauea Proclamation Promlaing to Protect tbe People Gen. Merrltt at Manila. Washington, July 30.—The results thus far achieved by Gen. Miles and Capt. Higginson, in command of the naval squadron, in the occupation of Puerto Rico, have created a feeling of intense satisfaction among officials of the administration. Information re ceived Friday directly from Gen. Miles was very gratifying to the president &nd his advisers. It indicates, jis one official expressed it, that "Miles is cleaning tip everything as he goes." The surrender of Ponce, practically without a struggle, is regarded by the war officials with especial satisfaction. In importance it is the second city of the island. The Surrender of Ponce. Washington, July aO.—The navy de partment has posted the following bul letin: "St. Thomas, July 29.—U. 8. 8. Mas sachusetts. Ponce, Puerto Rico, July 28. Commander Davis, with Dixie, An napolis, Wasp and Gloucester, left Guanica July 27 to blockade Ponce and capture light ers for United States army. Cities of Ponce and Playa surrendered to Com mander Davis upon demand at 12:30 a. m., July 28. American flag hoisted at six a. m., 28th. Spanish garrison evacuated. "Arrived at Ponce from Guanica with Massachusetts and Cincinnati, Gen. Miles and Gen. Wilson-and transport at 6:40 a. m., 28th. Commenced landing army Hi cap tured sugar lighters. No resistance. Troops welcomed by inhabitants great enthusi asm. Captured 60 lighters, 20 sailing ves sels and 120 tons of coal. (Signed) "HIGGINSON." Washington, July 30.—The Dixie was largely manned by the Maryland naval reserves. Mllea Telia of the Victory. Washington, July 30.—The war de partment has received the following dispatch from Gen. Miles: "Port Ponce, Puerto Rico, via St. Thom as, July 29.—Secretary of War, Washing ton: On the 26th Garretson had a spirited engagement on the skirmish line. Our cas ualties, four wounded, all doing well. Span ish loss, three killed, 13 wounded. Yauca occupied yesterday., Henry's division there to-day. "Spanish troops are retreating from southern part of Puerto Rico. Ponce and port have a population of 30,000, now un der American flag. "The populace received troops and saluted the flag with wild enthusiasm. Navy has several prizes, also 70 lighters. Railway stock partly destroyed now re stored. Telegraph communication also being restored. Cable Instruments de stroyed. Have sent to Jamaica for others. "This is a prosperous and beautiful coun try. The army will soon be in moun tain region: weather delightful troops in best of health and spirits anticipate no insurmountable obstacle In future. Re sults thus far have been accomplished without the loss of a single life. "NELSON A. MILES. Major General." Gen. Mllea* Proclamation. Gen. Miles has issued the following proclamation: "In the prosecution of the war against the kingdom of Spain by the people of the United States, in the cause of liberty, justice and humanity, its military forces have come to occupy the island of Puert9 Rico. They come bearing the banners of freedom,' inspired by a noble purpose, to seek the enemies of our government and of yours and to destroy or capture all in armed resistance. They bring you the fos tering arms of a free people, whose great est power is Justice and humanity' to all living within their fold. Hence they re lease you from your former political rela tions and, it is hoped, this will be followed by your cheerful acceptance of the gov ernment of the United States. "The chief object of the American mili tary forces wilt be to overthrow tbe armed authority of Spain and Rive the people of your beautiful Island the lareest meas ure. of liberty consistent with this mili tary occupation. They have not come to make war on the people of the coun try, who for centuries have been op pressed, but, on the contrary, to bring protection not only to yourselves but to your property, promote your prosperity and bestow the immunities and blessings of our enlightened and liberal Institu tions and government. "It is not their purpose to Interfere with the existing laws and customs, which are wholesome and beneficial to the people, so long as they conform to the rules of the military administration, order and jus tice. This is not a war of devastation and desolation, but one to give all within the control of the military and naval forces the advantages and blessings of enlight ened civilisation." Gen. Merrltt at Manila. Manila Bay, July 2G, via Hong-Kong, July 30.—Gen. Wesley Merritt and troops under his command arrived at Manila on the morning of July 25, after a trip devoid of startling event. He reports all well aboard the New port. Gen. Merritt will at once as sume counpand a$ provisional gov ernor for ttje United States. GI4d to Sec Them. Washington, Aug. I.—Gen. Miles, in command of tbe Puerto Rican expedi tion, sent the following dispatch to Secretary Alger, which was made pub lic at tbe war department at ten o'clock Sunday night: "Ponce. Puerto Rico. July St.—Secretary of War, Washington. C.: Volunteers are sup-rendering themselves with arms and ammunition. Pour-fifths of the people are overjoyed at the arrival of the army. Two thousand from one place have volunteered to serve with It They are bringing in transportation, beef cattle and other need ed supplies. The custom house has al ready yielded $14,000. As soon as all the troops are disembarked they will be in readiness to move. Please send any na tional colors that can be spared to be given to the different municipalities. I request that the question of the tariff rate to be charged In the parts of Puerto Rico occupied by our forces be submitted to the president for his action, the previously ex isting tariff remaining meanwhile in force. As to the government and military occu pation, I have already given instructions based upon the instructions issued by the president in the case of the Philippine Islands and similar to those issued at San tiago de Cuba. MILES, "Major General Commanding." On the race track in Cleveland the world's mile rccord (o wagon was broken by Grace Hastings, the time being 2:09%. WEEKLY WAR HISTORY. Complete Rccord of Brents Told In few Use* Covering All Important Xtwa, .JPW' TUESDAY. JULY 26. Seven thousand Spanish troops at Guan tanamo laid down their arms. Gen. Miles, according to advices from St. Thomas, began to land his expedition near Ponce, Puerto Rico. Cubans at Clenfuegos sent to Admiral Sampson a pitiful appeal that he take the city, as they are starving. Maj. Gen. Brooke, commanding the First army corps, sailed Monday from Newport News to join Gen. Miles at Puerto Rico. It was stated in Washington that Com modore Watson's^ fleet would not Bail for Spain until Madrid had been given further opportunity to sue for peace. A dispatch from San'Juan says that an American squadron appeared before Bahla Honda, but that the American attempt to disembark was repulsed^rith considerable WEDNESDAY^XJLY 27. Official reports of Admiral Sampson, Commodore Schley and other naval of ficers who took part in the destruction of Cervera's fleet off Santiago July 3 were made public. Gen. Miles effected a landing of troops at Guanica, iri Puerto Rico, surprising the Spanish garrison and killing four of its men in a skirmish. There were no caiual ties on the American side. Gen. Shatter's official report of the casualties in the battles before Santiago received in Washington shows that 23 American officers and 208 privates were killed, 80 officers and 1,203 men wounded and 81 men missing. Gen. Shatter, while regretting any clash with the Cubans, says their claims at Santiago were untenable. He sent a let ter to Gen. Garcia explaining the position of responsibility which the United States occupies before the world. Spain has sued for peace. Through M. Cambon, the French ambassador, a direct appeal has been made to President McKln ley to enter negotiations. The president will refer the question to the cabinet be fore giving M. Cambon an answer to be returned to Madrid. THURSDAY. JULY 28. The Spanish troops at Calmanera sur rendered to Col. Ewers. Spanish troops in Puerto Rico are re ported to be concentrating at San Juan, the capital, for defense against Gen. Miles' troops. The first mall steamer for the' island of Cuba since the war carrying letters for other than the army left New York for Santiago. Gen. Shafter reports as follows: Total sick. 3,770r total fever cases, 2,924: newi cases of fever, 639 cases of fever returned to duty, 638. Admiral and Mrs. McNalr entertained at a dinner Admiral Cervera and his staff, who are prisoners at the academy in An napolis, Md. Gen. Shafter has pleased the native Cu bans by permitting them to occupy and rule. over the town of Songo, near San tiago. surrendered by the Spanish. It is announced on authority that no armistice will be granted Spain at this stage of the proceedings, and. that the war will be prosecuted with unabated vigor. Terms upon which peace may be ne gotiated have hot been made public, but an impression prevails in diplomatic cir cles that Spain must give up Cuba and Puerto Rico, while It may be permitted to retain control of the Philippines. FRIDAY. JULY 29. Gen. Brooke's expedition to -Join Gen. Miles in Puerto Rico sailed from Newport News. Gen, Miles was supposed to be advanc ing across the island of Puerto Rico to wards San Juan. The Madrid government received another dispatch confirming the report that Manila had surrendered to Admiral Dewey. It was reported from St. Thomas that Puerto Rico volunteers at Ponce had re volted' and would not fight the Ameri cans. It Is said in Washington that'the Ger man fleet has been withdrawn from the harbor of Manila. The understanding be tween this government and Germany Is said to be perfect. Advices from Madrid say Spain is will ing to concede what.are accepted in Wash ington as the American terms of peace abandonment of Cuba and Puerto Rico and the granting to the United States of a coaling station in the Philippines. Secretary Alger announces that as soon as fever conditions permit Shatter's army will be removed to a tract of land adloin Ing Montauk Point, Long Island. Gen. Shafter reports 4,122 of his men sick, 3.193' with fever of various types, but the low death rate shows the sickness to be' of mild form. SATURDAY. JULY 30. The steamer St. Paul sailed from New port News with the last of Gen. Brooke's expedition for Puerto Rico. Gen. Wesley Merrltt and troops under his command arrived at Manila on the morning of July 25 after a trip devoid of startling event. Natives of the Philippine Islands and British subjects who have Interests there urge President McKlnley to put a stop to Spanish rule on the Islands. Gen. Miles reports that the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrendered to his forces without opposition, and that the Spanish troops are retreating from the southern part of the island. The American flag now flies over Guanica, Port of Ponce, Ponce and Yauco. The people were delighted at the arrival of the Americans. The cabinet discussed President McKln ley's answer to Spain's peace proposal and reached the following decisions: The absolute surrender of Puerto Rico to the United States. Recognition of the Inde pendence of Cuba. Cession of one of the Ladrone Islands to the United States as a coaling station and the cession to the United States of at least a coaling station In the Philippines. SUNDAY, JULY 31. Madrid advices say the Spaniards are entrenching themselves at San Juan de Puerto Rico. News from Havana from Spanish source Is that the city will defend itself to the end. Many people are being fed at soup kitchens. Capt. Allison has been appointed provost' marshal at Ponce and business in the city has enjoyed a great boom since the ar rival of the Americans. The Spanish garrison at Nuevitas, in the. province of Puerto Prliiaipe,' Cuba, evacu ated the town, setting It on lire after It had been shelled by American ships. MONDAY. AUGU8T 1. The battleship Texas reached New York from Santiago and was dry docked for re pairs. Strong hopes are entertained in adminis tration circles that the conference with M. Cambon will result In a peace agree ment. The American troops In Puerto Rico have taken possession of the Ponce railroad and are operating the trains for the move ment of supplies. A dispatch from Havana says that San tiago advices declare Gen. Garcia is dis gusted with the Americans and Is willing to disband his separatists. Spanish troops in Puerto Rico were re treating toward San Juan. Gen. Miles and the United States. soldiers were every where welcomed and our national colors were in demand. The navy department has received a dis patch from Admiral Dewey that our forces may have to fight the Philippine in surgents, owing to the attitude assumed by Agulnaldo, their leader. Greeted with Cheers. San Francisco, July 2S.—Passengers who arrived here on the steamer Mari posa say the news of the annexation of Hawaii by the United States was received in Honolulu with great joy. The Government at Madrid Is Fur? .nisbed with the Demands of the United States. ACCEPTANCE WILL STOP THE WARFARE The French Ambassador, with Ex traordinary Powera from Spain, Agreea to Them—Terna Not Made Pnblle Bat It la Learned That The Are Practically aa Stated Below. Washington, Aug. 1.—M. Cambon, French ambassador in Washington, on receiving President McKlnley's reply to the Spanish note, presented credentials empowering him to act for Spain in the matter of peace negotiations. In consequence the terms as proposed by President McKlnley were dis cussed at once, and when M. Cambon left the white house terms had practically been agreed upon. Should Spain ratify M. Cam bon's action peace would come at once. The terms agreed upon are not made pub lic. From a high source, however. It is learned that the answer to Spain Is prac tically as follows: Withdrawal by Spain of her forces and sovereignty from Cuba, the United States to exercise control until a stable govern ment can be established. Withdrawal of her forces and sovereign ty from Puerto Rico and the absolute ces sion of these and the minor Spanish West Indies to the United States. Acquiescence by Spain In the permanent occupation by the United States of Guam Island, in the Ladrones, already in the pos session of the United States. The United States to exercise control over the. city and bay of Manila and the imme diate surrounding territory, Including Cavlte, until such time as the commis sioners appointed respectively by the two countries determine upon the future dis position and government of the Philippines, which receives the ratification of the two governments, the United States neither waiving claim to the whole of the Philip pines nor specifying the exact boundary limit of the territory she desires' to hold permanently. Anawer Given to Cambon. The cabinet concluded its labors about two o'clock, and thereupon Ambassador Cambon, representing the Spanish govern ment, with his secretary, M. Thlebaul, was granted an' audience by the president, who was, of course, accompanted by the sec retary of state. The answer of the United States to Spain was read in full to Ambas sador Cambon, and Its meaning discussed in the fullest manner in an unofficial way. The Interview lasted fully three hours, be ing prolonged by the necessity of constant translation from French to English and vice versa. Did Not Commit Himself. President McKlnley did not commit him self in regard to the American policy except so far as it was outlined in the official note. He did explain, however, that If Spain agreed to the proposition to give up the West Indies before entering upon general peace negotiations It would be treated fair ly in regard to its.possessions in the orient. The president explained to the French am bassador what, of course, he already knew —that there was a difference of opinion not only In the cabinet but throughout the United States as to the advlslblllty of re taining the Philippines and the other Pa cific groups. The president did not say he was opposed to their retention, but he went so far as to explain to Spain that there would be something to strive for, and that the concession In regard to Cuba and Puerto Rico would not be met .immediately by a harsh ultimatum on the part of the United States. A Gentle Warning. The president, also pointed out In his quiet but Arm manner that if Spain re jected the present offer and forced the United States to continue Its vast expendi ture of men and money It would result only in adding to the Items properly charge able against the defeated nation, and con ditions which the United States would con sider reasonable now would be out of the question before Christmas. The president explained that In view of the division of opinion in this country there was at least a chance that Spain might retain some of her possessions In the Pacific, but if the -war were continued that chance would dis appear entirely, and after Watson's arrival on the other side of the Atlantic the Phil ippines and adjacent Islands would nec essarily occupy the'position now held by .Cuba and Puerto Rico as~ territory entirely outside the pale of negotiations, while the Canaries and the Balearic Islands would become debatable ground, as tbe Philip pines are to-day. After the note had been cabled to Madrid almost all of the members of the cabinet expressed the. opinion in private conversa tion that the Spanish government would probably reject the offer made by the United States. This is expected by all of them for some reason which they find it difficult to explain beyond the constitutional inability of Spaniards to recognize facts as facts. It Is believed- that If Spain does accept the terms and peace commissioners are appointed Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, our last minister to Spain, will be president of the commission on tbe part of tbe United States. .. OUTLOOK IS BRIGHT. The Bnalneaa Situation Thraurhont. the Conntrjr Shews Indications of General Prosperity. New York, July 30.—R. G. Dun & Co., in their weekly review of trade, say: "Big business in January is expected, but big business In July means more. It Is the month of all others when trade Is naturally light, new engagements are ordinarily de ferred, and men wait for the outcome and movement of crops. But more business Is being done this year than In any previous July of which there are records. The pay ments through clearing houses have been 6.8 per cent larger than in 1892, tbe year of greatest prosperity heretofore, and for the month thus far 6.5 per cent, larger than last year and 8.4 per cent, larger than in 1892. But these records and others have to be judged in the light of heavy decline In prices since 1892, so that the volume of business transacted is about 20 per cent larger than the volume of payments indi cates. "Considering that the purchases of near ly half the people depend on the success of agriculture, and that the prosperity of the 'entire transporting interest is ma terially affected by the size of crops 40 be moved, it may be said with reason that the promise of general prosperity this year is unusually bright. Bradstreet's says: "While as yet show ing little actual effect upon distributive trade, there is evidence that the improved prospects for peace, with probably wider markets for American products, have given a more hopeful tinge to the trade outlook, more particularly at the east This is reflected in active preparations by shippers and coasting trade interests to share in the expected widening of de mand from the West Indies. As for some time past, however, reports of solid business returns come mainly from the western part of the country, and in the markets of that section are reported signs of the ground swell of fall demand. "Business failures in the United States remain at a normal low point, aggregating for the week 189, against 188 last week, und compared with 259 In this week a vear ago. 294 in 1896. 221 in 1895 and 220 In 1894." Victims of Storma. Red Oak, la., July 29.—Mrs. YVesley Thornton and infant child were killed in a cyclone near Hawthorne, six miles west of here Wednesday afternoon. Three farmhouses were demolished. Twenty-three head of cattle, belonging to William Shapcott. were killed. Seven miles northeast of here W. It. Henry was killed by lightning. Tbe Swedish Lutheran church at Wallin was struck by lightning and burned. AtANH* SPAIN—"Don't shoot any more. I'll come down1" A,-*| a Nine fine horses in a pasture two miles north of here were killed. Starved to*'Death. Cleveland, O., July 29.—A shocking case of destitution has just come to light here through the death of Eliza beth Hariey, aged 15. at No. 49 Merkel avenue, whose demise, according to the coroner, was caused by starvation. Her mothsr has been driveu insane for lack of food, the father is in a still more pitiable condition, and three ether children of the family are near ly dead. William Hariey, the father, has been out of work for the past year and a half, and has been too proud to ask for aid. Danige by Hall. Chicago, July 29.—Thousands of win dow panes were broken during a heavy hailstorm in this city Thursday even ing. A heavy rain which followed did great damage in the interiors of apart ment buildings and schoolhouses. Shrubbery in the parks was cut up and greenhouses damaged. In the suburbs trolley wires are down in many places. Many horses were killed by contact with live wires. So far as learned no person was seriously injured. Victim of Heart Failure Oakland, Cal., July 30.—Dr. Pepper, of Philadelphia, a prominent eastern physician, died Thursday night at Castle Verone, the country seat of Mrs. Phoebe Hearst in Pleasanton. Tbe cause of death was heart failure. Will Try the Balloon Honte. Vancouver, B. C., July 30.—A party of French scientists headed by Dr. Ter wague left here Friday for Skaguay with a balloon in which they will at tempt to reach Dawson City and in cidentally look out for Andree. Six Pferaona Drowned. Humansville, Mo., Aug. 1. Five young women and one young man were drjwned here while attempting to ford a river in a wagon. Took Araenlc. Toledo, O., July 28.—Mrs. Donald Billinghurst, a young wife, and her sis ter-in-law, Mrs. Perry Dearth, took arsenic and died in this city. Germany's Great Statesman Pastes Away at His Castle Home in Friedrichsruhe.' ENTIRE EMPIRE SHOCKED BY THE NEWS Hemarkable Career of the Man Who, by Hla Untiring ESorta, Placed Hla Country Kear the Top In the Llat of the Great Powera of Europe— Brief Heaame of Hla Work. Berlin, Aug. 1.—Bismarck is dead. Germany's "man of blood and iron" passed away at 11:20 o'clock Saturday night at his castle of Friedrichsruhe. The entire nation—the nation which he unified by his indomitable will and unyielding purpose—is shocked by the sudden news. It appears that the ex-chancellor's death was not precipitated by sudden PRINCE BISMARCK. complications, but was rather the cul mination of chronic diseases—neu ralgia of the/face and inflammation of the veins—which kept him in con stant pain, that was borne with the iron fortitude which might have been expected. The beginning of the end dates from July 20, when the prince was confined to his bed. He had been several days prostrated before an ink ling of his decline reached the world. BISMARCK'S CAREER. A Brief Reaume of Hla tirent Services to the Fatherland. Otto Edward Leopold von Bismarck was born at the manor of Schoenhausen, in the district of Magdeburg, April 1,1815. At the age of six he was placed In a. boarding school at Berlin, and at 12 was sent to a high school at the capital. In 1832 he began studying law and political science at the University of Gottingen. Toward the end of the following year he entered.the Uni versity of Berlin, and he was admlttted to the bar in 1835. In 1836 he was made the official law reporter for a Berlin court, but he soon was transferred to Alx-la-Chapelle as a referendary, and In 1837 was appointed to serve in the crown office at Potsdam. The next eight or nine years Bismarck passed in farming, hunting and soldiering. He went into society and took an active part In the local affairs of the neighbor hoods In which he lived. In 1845 his father died, and the estate at Schoenhausen came itito his hands. He withdrew almost en tirely from social life, and settled down to the life of a country gentleman. July 28, 1847, he -married Johanna, the daughter of Heinrich von Puttkamer, of Viatlum, Pom erania, and In the same year he appeared in the united diet at Berlin, as a parliamen tary deputy, repreAntlng the nobility of the province of Saxony. In 1848 he partic ipated in the gathering of the rural nobil ity in Berlin, known as the Junker parlia ment. His career as a parliamentary dep uty ended in 1850. In 1851, after serving as secretary, he was appointed the Prussian representative at the Germanic diet at Frankfort, which was the administrative council of the Germanic confederation, founded by the congress in Vienna in 1815. He was made the Prussian ambassador at St. Petersburg In 1859, where he remained until 1862, when he was transferred to the embassy In Paris. After a few months in the French capital, in September, 1862, Bis marck succeeded Prince Hohenzollern as prime minister. He formed an alliance with Italy early In 1866, and Prussia, under his guidance declared war against Aus tria and her allies In the confederation In June of the same year. Three months later Austria had been crushed and Prussia had become the head of the North German confederation. Bismarck concluded secret treaties with the South German states forthwith, in the expectation of 'war. In Internal politics the next 19 years of Bismarck's life were occupied with his struggle to assure the Prussian government the control of the Catholic church 'in Prussia with his cam paign for the suppression of socialism in Germany and with the Inauguration of a protective system of customs duties. He also secured for Germany several African colonies and gave the first Impetus to the upbuilding of her merchant marine. Under his guidance the empire laid the founda tions of its present Industrial prosperity and maritime greatness. In foreign af fairs he formed the triple alliance of Italy, Austria and Germany. Having united and solidified the empire by the war against Denmark In 1864, against Austria in 1866, and against France In 1870-71, he aimed In his later years to develop it Internally without disturbance from without. Dlamlaaed by Preaent Emperor. Bismarck was chancellor to the end of Emperor William I.'s reign and through out the 99 days of Emperor Frederick. Two years after the present emperor ascended the throne he was dismissed from office. Since, then he had lived in Fried richsruhe, near Hamburg, where he went to receive his friends the year around, and thousands of admirers from all parts of Europe on his birthdays. He was long estranged from the young emperor, and the feud between the old castle In Berlin and Friedrichsruhe caused a scandal of world-wide dimensions. A formal concilia tion was effected eventually, but the wounds lert by the conflict of four years were never healed. ®"rau von B,smarck died about two years The Iron Chancellor was never tho same afterward. He failed slowly, com plained of loneliness, and. when his last Ulne8s began, was already a weak* sor rowful and broken old man. Prince Bismarck leaves two sons. Count Herbert and Count William, and on* daughter. Countess Rantsau. .Irrigation Consreaa. Clteyenne, Wyo., July 30.—The sevienth annual session of the national irrigation congress has been called by the executive committee, through its chairman, ex-United States Senator Joseph M. Carey, to meet in Cheyenne, Wyo., on the 1st, 2d and 3d days of Sep tember next. Five Peraona Cremated. San Francisco. Aug. 1.—Kate Con »olly. William White, Frank Kelly, George Hansen and C. A. Holmes were burned to death in a fire in this city.