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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CELINA, OniO
Wze GOVERNORS TRIBUTE ' AlWori&J Dsx; SfcorV W Adele 1W . fll GOOD BAR E I'll EN chawed a l)lt riHiiimintly an ho sat In IiIh burn door one morn ing In May. Already tho nit-rry biossoum wore sending down their white shower of petuls. la the opposite corner of the ham door eat the chairman of the select men of the village. He had Just paid Heuben what the farmer considered a wonderful compliment. "Of course," said Iieuben, "I expect to be present at the exercises that day. 'Tain t often this town has a centen nial, and I ain't likely to see another," smiling whimsically. "When 1 heerd the Guv nor was comiif I was more'n anxious to go. 'cause he's got a name like an old friend of mine nicest boy you ever see shot 'way back In 'f4 In a skirmish same night I got thlR hole in my leg I kinder think the Ciov'nor may be some kin of his'n. Maybe I'll have a chance to get speech with him." ' Sure you will. We don't care for oratory, Mr. Ilensliaw. We want plain facts, and you'll give us those, lioocl morning." l.org after Mr. Whitney's top buggy had disappeared over the crest of the hill, Ileuhen sat In the barn door and mused. In imagination he was back in ihe autumn morning iong ago, when i the fifteen volunteer? of the little vil- i l;ige marched away. Mow gay they j were, or pretended to be! The maple trees had spread a Haunting carpet of scarlet and gold for their feet. The h' ives rustled merrily ns they march ed, heads up. faces front. The girls waved and cheered, but the mothers knew and hid their faces. Me could sop his mother's white face now. We smiled, or he recalled Snmnntha's face that morning, round and rosy, with a wealth of curls cn either side, and blue eyes meeting his eyes shyly. She had pressed a small package In his hand when he went to say geod-hy the IBS llirFf if! Mkim REA IS L Ecor Illf II Horses That Are Properly Housed and Cared For Make Money k for Their Owners. SPACE IS IMPORTANT POINT turned their hacks on the village) for wider horizons yours before. It wus all blurred confusion to Heuben as he was ushered on the plat form and Bnw the sea of faces before hfm. Me could not distinguish an ac quaintance, and decided that his eye sight was growing poor, liy and by as the mist cleared ho saw Samantha's sympathetic face, and to that face he talked when the time for his speech came. Then Mr. Whitney turned and introduced "our honored citizen and sole remaining veteran of the Civil war, Mr. Iteuben Menshaw." As he stood up, tottering a little on his wounded leg, there was a surprised murmur at the rear of the tent among a group of strangers. Reuben fumbled for his manuscript, gripped it tight, and sought out the face that had never failed him. Then he began his speech. "Fellow-citizens, neighbors, friends," ho began, "your chairman selected mo to talk to you about some of the bravest men this get her In many a hard-fought battle. Many a night they lay In the trenches or inarched weary miles in each other's company. One night my father tolls the story with loving remembrance your soldier boy did picket duty. It was cold and wet. Next day tho march wus a hard one, through the mud of a country roud. My father was not well. When after plodding wearily for many miles a bait was called, and camp made, he was assigned to picket duty. Me was very tired, too tired to keep awake, and so your boy volun- Building Described Below Hat That Requisite and Practically All Con venlences Necessary Special Attention Given to the Feed Room. Mr. William A. Radford wtll answer fliH'dMnim unit kIvo HdvK'ft 1-UKIC OI COST on all aiihjrcta p-rialnliK to the Biilijwt of bullilihu wtirk on (lie lurui, for the readers of thin ptpr. On account of JiIh whin h pcrli uce an Knltor, Author and Manufacturer. h Is, without doubt, tho hlKhcHt authority on all the Kiibtt-ctrt. Address all Inquiries to William A. itud fiMl, No. IH21 1'iairle avenue, rhlcuKo, III., Hnd only Inclose two-ie.nl itump for rily. By WILLIAM A. RADFORD. On the larger farms It is very nec essary to have room for tho horses that are needed in the work during certain seasons of the year, such as during seeding time in the spring and also during the fall plowing. Farmers that use during these seasons as many as 12 horses say that a good barn for them is the best kind of economy. It keeps the horses In fine condition and makes it easy to regulate their food and take care of them so that they teercd to serve in his stead. Your boy CBn work tf'n hours a day ,f necessary. Py building a special barn It is pos sible to provide the various conveni ences, such as feeding devices, manure evening before. Me waved his thanks i town cver had. 1 ve Kf It all writ as he passed her in the crowd. Pear I "ow'n liere. but my specs ain't workin' little daguerreotype! be had It still, rS-'ht, H'"l I don't believe I can read it. f;itled hut beautiful to him. Me mint (iuvss 111 J-t have to tell it to you g an-1 tell her about Mr. Whitney's I nfpr u11- l m wearin' gray today compliment. Phe would be clad to! stead o blue. I ve buried all hard know. Samantha wus nlwavs irlad ! felin's toward the color. Them fel when hoiiers crime to him. I lows ,,1;lt w"r(; it fit jest as hard as we As he reache d the kitc hen door. Sn- I did, and they got licked, and I guess we mantha came- down the steps to help i Ri" 1 drawin' the color line very tight him. Tutting her hand under his arm i mw- 1 didn't feel that way, though, 4 she said: "Why. father. I didn't know but I'd have to come and get you. Thought you'd fallen asleep." "I was dr"amin'. ma. bet I wasn't asleep. I was way hack in war time. Al Whitney was here this niornin' to pet nie to make a speecii at th? Cen tennial. 'A Tribute t.) Our Hoys of II. he said I was to call it. Hut I nln't poln' to put no such high-rlyin' title as that on It. If they want an account of how our boys lit and suf fered rind died. T c::i eiv.- it." "That's so. father: no one can do it better. But won't you be afraid tnlkin" to the fJnv'nor and so nany folks?" Reuben laughed softly. "Now, mother! the r;uv-nor ain't a day older than cur little Tom would have been. And just like 's not Tom would have been Guvnor if he had hare lived. No. I ain't a mite scared." Joe. the hired man, had double work for several days after Mr. Whitney's visit: for Reuben spent many hours at the old desk In the sitting-room, writ-.'ii.- iir-. :i;:"ii.friut 'aborionsiy. At last the preat day dawned, bright arid e'ear. Preparation:; had been go i:'ir on for '-event! days in the village. The hotel am! post office were gc.r feous in flags and hunting. Flaps floated from many house windows. At one end of the common a huge tent had been erected, and there the speak ers would fat e the assemblage. An or gan had been placed in front cf the rostrum, and a choir cf village hoys and girls drilled for the occasion. The band from I pper Hallam had volun teered their services. In front of the hotel was placed a dining-tent to ac commodate the overflow. The village was astir early, and long before ten o'clock, the hour set for the exercises to begin, the church sheds were filled with horses, carriages, express wag ans and farm wagons, while a long line of nondescript vehicles, with of ten indifferent locomotive power, lined the fences. Purveyors of badges and postal cards wandered up and down ind the toy balloon man arrived early, rite entire township had poured its full measure of enthusiasm into the filUige; and in the home gatherings were brought together for the iirst forty-five years ago, when I marched out ot tins town in the fall of 'ill, along with" Mere followed the string of fourteen names well-known and rever- j enced in the village. Reuben forgot j his audience and talked as he had talked many t'nies to the children and friends who loved to hear his war stories, giving kindly tribute to his companions of ramptlrr and battlefield, telling of lonelv pickets find forced marches, dwelling upon acts of brav ery and fearlessness, till his hearers thrilled with the recital and many eyes were wet. At last the chairman was obliged to touch him on the shoulder and tell him his time was up; and he sank into his seat amid a thunder of applause. There was one more speaker before the governor should make the final ad dress. Reuben, his mind freer now, studied the young governor's face as he sat bending slightly forward to catch the speaker's words. "Strange," thought the old man, "how much he looks like Tom Duflield, my old tent mate and chum. Tom was shot way back in 'CI, Iong before this hoy was born. Put he is strangely like; the same alert, eager face, the look Tom always had before a battle. Poor Tom! how tired ho was that night we camped below Hazel Run. Tom was almost sick that night, anyway. I was a lot stronger, and glad to take his place on the picket line. 'Twas pretty hard to keep awake, though. I couldn't help it if my feet did stumble my head felt as though " A sudden Jerk. 'Why, I thought I was a boy on picket duty again; I must have dozed." And Reuben looked about in wonder till bis eyes found Sumantha's face again and rested there. Now the gov ernor was on his feet. He was speak ing. bat was he saying? Reuben leaned forward, his old hands with their knotted veins clutching his knees, his blue eyes filled with wonder. "Friends," the governor was saying, "before I begin the speech I am here to make, 1 want to pny a tribute to one of ycur volunteers whom your speaker has overlooked. I have a father he is here today who was also a volun teer in '01. In Washington he met a boy from his own state. They became had served the night before. He had marched as far as my father, but he accepted the duty to spare his friend. Can you not see him as he trudges painfully back and forth on his post?" "There was another night" the governor's voice was quiet now and all was very still "a small detach ment of the Fifth was surprised by the enemy. In the skirmish that followed, my father was shot." Reuben's mouth had fallen open. "I kno't; wasn't I there to see? Put he was killed," he murmured. "Ills chum," continued the gover nor, "seeing his comrade fall, clashed In amid a rain of bullets thick as balr, and dragged the senseless body to a place of safety, then disappeared." "Grays ketched me," muttered Reu ben. "When my father recovered con sciousness he was in a field hospital of the Christian Commission. There he learned of his friend's part in that night attrck. S'-arch was made; but all effort to find that friend proved un availing, and he was given up for dead. When my father recovered, ni'nus his I right arm, he received an honorable ! discharge, and returned home. Later ! he left bis home and went to Ver- I mont. I learned today that his old I comrade is still alive. I have listened with interest to the glowing tribute your speaker has paid to the volun teers of this village. Put he has been too modest. Some of the bravest deeds he has left unrecorded. So I take pleasure in giving my inadequate i testimony to the bravery and kindness of your neigt'bor and my father's com rade!, Reuben Menshaw." There was not a sound to be heard as the governor turned and clasped Reuben's hands in both his own. The old man's eyes were full of tears, and his voice trembling as he asked eag erly, "Is Tom alive? is Tom alive?" "Yes," returned the governor, "not only alive, but here. He came with me today because it was to your town I was coming." The crowd hael been quiet long I carriers, etc., that help in making the enough and now broke into tumultuous ! handling and conditioning of the ani- applnuse studs are placed on top of this wart. To protect the ends ot tho studding snd prevent thera from rotting they are placed In studding sockets made of cast Iron. These sockets are Im bedded In the concrete and present one of the best ways of constructing frame barn structures. Holes are pro vleled In the sides of tho sockets so that they can bo nailed to the upright timbers. Post sockets are also pro vided for the double row of posts that run through the center of the barn. Tho construction of the feed room shows very careful attention to details. The sliding door that shuts this room off from the rest ot the stable is placed on an Inclined track so that It Is self-closing. This prevents the horses from getting Into tho grain and eliminates the possibility of someone forgetting to close the door. Above the stable Is a mow that can be used for the storing of hay and straw. The roof Is of the self-support ing gamhrel type so that a large unob structed space Is left In this upper part of the barn. A dressed and matched flooring Is pluced under this so that no dust or chaff will full down into the stable. A vertical sliding hay door Is pro vided which does not take up any valu able room and cannot be torn off Its binges by the wind. Sliding doors are a great convenience for this pur pose and are rapidly taking the placo of both the Inside and outside hinged door. A circular concrete water tank shown in front of the barn In the II- ustration Is a great convenience. The Inside Is made with a flight taper toward the top so that there will be no danger of Ice bursting the tank. The circular tank also leaves no projec tions on which the animals can hurt themselves. CITY ...... . V 5lDlliinT , JHIi WITH A XL M Visitors to New York Library. The announcement that the average number of readers in New York's 1 tM -A -t it 3u fly : E;.j 3!F Ic, I Iff mm House at Last Puts the Final K on Merrimack nt ASMINGTON. John Jacob Rogers, who represents a highly cultured and If orthographically correct constituency In Musschusotts, aroso In his wrath In the house ono afternoon during the debate on the rivers and hurbors bill and bomoaned the fact thut his fuvorlto river's name was spelled wrong In the bill. It Is "Merrimack," and John Ja cob called attention to the fact that the bill has It "Merrinmc." "I have been struggling ever since I came to congress to have the Merri mack river spelled correctly," he said. "The government printing odlce has an aversion to spelling It tho original and Indian way. The geographic hoard was asked for the correct spell ing of this river and they handed down an official ruling that the river should he spoiled with a final k. 1 want to be known as the man who sunk tho k in Merrimack." "I object to anything being added to this bill unless It be In the measure of preparedness," solemnly announced Representative Sims of Tennessee. "Would not a river be hurder to take If It had an extra letter?" asked Representative Mann, the Republican leader. "True," remarked Representative Sims. Thereupon the house solemnly voted on the Rogers suggestion. "All those In favor say 'aye,'" said the chairman of the committee of the whole, and there was a chorus of "ayes." "Those opposed." Thereupon Nick Longworth bawled "No!" at the top of his voice, because ho believed schedule K was in danger. "Division," called out Representative Rogers. The house then stood up to bo voted, and there were 65 members on their feet In favor of putting the O. K. on a final "k." Representative Longworth voted In the affirmative, laughing all the time as If he would never stop. Therefore In the house it Is now "Merrimack." SKINS OF LJ ML wild l74 nrf Wot- Li V"fe gl-toK-te -Mail. b:m 3r;;i Dcjhi &m tomcr. VB Litter aHd fto asm teack I I. IC j 'Eci'&LL' ton Rxjki Stall fp EoorTl jf Uncle Sam Now Selling His Superfluous Pelts P O MANY skins of predatory wild animals have been turned In by Its official d hunters that the department of agriculture has Instituted a plan of selling the pelts not required for scientific purposes at public auction. As a result, a fur business which nets tidy sums for the federal treasury has been devel oped as a side line. In the last four months 1.399 pelts useful for manu facture Into furs, muffs, or rugs have been sold in four sales for 2,5,",2, the last sale, late in March, yielding 11,155.55. The skins disposed of include the following: Coyote, bobcat, skunk, bad ger, opossum, lynx, gray fox, kit fox, raccoon, civet cat and ring-tailed cat. All of these animals have been killed by employees of the biological survey In its various compaigns to rid different sections of the country of animals which are hurtful to live stock, cultivated crops or timber. As each of the official hunters is trained carefully In handling and preserving the skins of animals, the pelts reach the department In excel lent shape. The bulk of the skins sold have been coyote, or prairio wolf, pelts resulting from the active campaigns of extermination against this animal in the cattle raising districts of tho West. Those in charge of the sales report that the coyote pelt is growing in popularity as a fur, and as a result the prices ofTered for these skins at the auctions have steadily been increasing. With the Increase of the campaign of extermination against the coyote a large number of coyote skins and other furs are being received by the depart ment and will be open for purchase at auction within a short time. Moreover, the department reports, the needs of museums and other scientific institutions for specimens havo largely been satisfied, so that practically all skins received at the department are now put on sale. Notices of these fur sales are sent out about ten days prior to each sale. Ground Floor Plan of Horse Barn. .ime sons and daughters who had J chums and tentmates. They were to- Down through the aisle another old man was coming, gray, bent, his right sleeve hanging empty.. Making his way through the curious applauding throng he reached the platform, while the governor, still holding Reuben's hand, stepped forward to meet him. Ono loeik into each other's eyes, and tho two old comrades clasped hands with a cry of "Reuben!" "Tom!" Then their trembling voices failed and their eyes overflowed. Samantha laid a timid hand on that of her neighbor. "I'm afraid father can't stand it," she said anxiously. "I must go and get him." Shouldering her way to the plat form, she caught Reuben':; coat. "Come, father," she said. "You and Mr. Duf field come outside with me. I'm 'fraid you can't stand it." And bo, led by Samantha, they passed out into the sunlight. 1 jjMMM'IJif "tMllmlm i INTERESTING ITEMS Lueullus sometimes spent ovar $8, 500 on a single meal. If one of the combatants in a prize fight kills the other, not only is he guilty of manslaughter, but so are the seconds, promoters and everybody present and approving. Not long ago a Parisian dressmaker put throo pretty girls to wear her dresses in the windows of her estab lishment In place of the usual wax models. Linwyirpwllgwyngyligogorychwyrne- reowiiiianayssuiogogegecn, me name of a Welsh village in Anglosea, means "tho Church of St. Mary in a hollow of white hazel, near to the rapid whirpool and to St Tisilio cliarch, near to red cave." Iow fast does a bullet travol? The highest velocity ever given to a can aon ball is 1.626 feet per second. This la equal to a mile in iittlo tnoro than three seconds, or nearly twenty miles a minute, h. rifle bullet does not travel ar fast as a cannon ball, tho average rate being 1,275 feet per seo jmd. In India the lowest classes wear as shoes a fat block with a large knob, which slips between the first and sec ond toes. They are so skilled in wear ing these thet they are able to keep them on and walk or run with great speed. Those Dear Friends. Hazel "You may not believe it, dear, but I actually refused the offers of six different men the past summer." Aimee "Oh, I don't doubt it at all; but what were they selling?" Had Him Puzzled. "A great many people have one timo and another declared that 1 am tho double of someone," stated J. Fuller Gloom, "but the deuce of It is that no two of them ever agree on the person whom 1 resemble." Kan sas City Journal. Origin of Comets. All comets so far observed have; originated In the solar system, accord-: Ing to investigations carried out by' Prof. Elis Stroemgren, director of the! Copenhagen observatory. The plan of, research Involved the backward com-j putation of planetary perturbations, j I Record Sponge. I The largest sponge ever found came from the Mediterranean. It was three feet across and ten feet in clrcum-j ferenco. ' Absolutely Convincing. There? is nothing quite so convinc ing, to disinherited heirs, of the Ui sanlty of a wealthy relative, as the be queathirtg of the whole estate to char Ity. Pittsburgh Dispatch. First Use of Camera In War. The camera was first employed offl-1 daily in war during the conflict in, the Crimea In 1854-56, and although! the art of photography was then but. sixteen years old, some fine pictures' were obtained. In the American Civil, war the camera was also largely used. Dally Thought. If a man wars to place himself in an attitude to bear manfully the greatest evil that could be Inflicted ou fcim. he would suddenly find there was no avll to bear. Thereat'. mals very easy work. The stable should be large enough to hold the horses that are needed dur ing the busy season. The one shown here has stalls enough for 12 horses and also has four stalls that can be used for valuable animals or for any reason desired. Outside Dutch doors are provided in the box stalls In addi tion to an inside door and windows. Dutch doors are a great convenience during nice weather. They enable horses or cows to get plenty of freBh air without leaving the barn. If ani mals are allowed to look around, as they can with such methods of con struction, they are not as likely to be come restless. Concrete is not a satisfactory mates- rial as a general rule for the stalls of horse stables, as shod horses are apt to slip and perhaps injure them selves. It is very desirable to provido a material that can be washed down in the same way at; concrete and yet pro vides a surface that is resilient and that will not become slippery. There are two materials that have been used for this purpope with con siderable success. One is the cork brick that is specified in the accom panying floor plans and the other is the treated wood block. The wood block is in various forms and is treat ed with many different substances, of which the most common is creosote. Cork brick is made of granulated cork which is mixed with refined as phalt and then pressed tinder heavy pressure into a brick. The brick Is very resilient and never becomes slip pery and can be washed down with a hose, as It is waterproof. The brick are laid up in a half-Inch Portland cement cushion and the joints between the brick are grouted. In some horse barns a floor of this type is laid over the complete barn, but in most cases a concrete floor is placed in the barn outside of the stalls. A litter and feed carrier track runs through the center of the barn and makes it an easy matter to keep every thing clean, so that there is no excuse for allowing manure to accumulate. The 'track which handles the carriers runs out through the sliding door In the back of the barn to a manure pit or directly to the manure spreader, from where the manure is taken to the fields. , The frame of the barn is supported on a good concrete foundation that is carried down to spread footings below the frost line. The walls are also car ried 24 Inches above erade and the I public library is almost double the number of those who use the British library in London or the Bibliotbeuue Nationale in Paris should not be taken as an indication' that the Eng lishmen and the Frenchmen neglect their reading. For one thing, the New York library is open for longer hours dally tjjan either of the others. A visitor here from Paris recently was surprised to find artificial lights in the big buiWing at Fifth avenue and Forty-second street. "The Biblothequo Natioimle is not lighted." he said, "and frequently in winter it is Impos sible to read there after four o'cloc' in the afternoon." Elk From the Yellowstone in National Museum 4 FAMILY group of American elk or wapiti from the Yellowstone National park has been put on exhibition in the west wing of the new building for the United States National museum. E The animals In this exhibit were espe cially collected for the Smithsonian, through the courtesy of the interior department, from one of the herds of elk under government protection. The group was prepared originally for the Panama-Pacific exposition at San Francisco and was exhibited there in the Palace of Agriculture. This group shows a family of elk in the Yellowstone National jiark at the first sign of winter. Snow has fallen during the night while therowas no wind, and lies heavily on the pine The Turpentine Workers. In the Carollnas, whence most of the turpentine Is derived, tracts of tur pentine land are called "orchards." Early in the year, before the "juice" of the pine is ready to exudo, the trees are "boxed." The boxes are not, as the term would seem to signify, ap pendages attached to the outBlde of the tree, but are cuplike cavities cut into the trunks about a foot from the ground. They measure from ten to fourteen inches across, and are four inches in width and seven in depth. Each of them is presumed to hold a quart. Usually there are two and sometimes even three or four such boxes to each tree. The life of tho pine, as of other trees, is drawn from the soil through the bark; hence it is necessary always to leave an uncut strip of the bark between the boxes. The number of the boxes depends, therefore, upon the size of the tree and the width of the intervening strips. boughs and branches. American elk or wapiti, scientifically termed Cervus canadensis, which once had a wide distribution in North America, are now confined chiefly to the states of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho and the provinces of Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada. The largest herds occur in the Yellowstone region, numbering between 50,000 and 55,000, dis tributed in two main herds. Congress recently has appropriated $50,000 for the purchase of an elk refuge where sufficient hay can be raised each year for feeding the herds dur ing the winter. This refuge, comprising about 2,000 acres, is located in Jack son Hole, two miles north of tho town of Jackson, Wyo. Elk are polygamous and breed readily in captivity. The wild herds in Montana and Wyoming bring in large returns to these states, in tho form of hunting licenses, guides' fees and money spent by tourists and sportsmen. During the past few years experiments have been made in transferring small herds of elk from tho Yellowstone park and Jackson Hole to other localities for the purpose of restocking government and state reservations. About 1,300 elk have been so transferred to 13 different states. It Is estimated that there are about 2,200 elk in captivity in about 125 different places in the United States, the total number, wild and in captivity, in this country being estimated at between 80,000 and 100,000. Saving the Babies. The 1915 death rate among babies one year old in St. Louis was the lowest of any year on record and is among the lowest of all the cities in the country, according to a report just made public by the St. Louis pure milk commission. The death rate was 80 In 1,000, a reduction from a rate of 103 in the previous year. The great falling off in deaths is held to be due to, first, the persistent campaigns of the health department, the pure milk commission and other social agencies for the last fifteen years, together with the enforcement of the new pure milk law during the past year, and, second, to the unusually cool summer. Children Beautifying Capital by Garden Work MORE than 15,000 schoolchildren of Washington are occupied in beautifying Washington as a whole through the interest they evince in. their own home gardens, according to a statement made by one in charge of the work of direct ing the efforts of the youthful garden- 1 V,"' .' ers. It was explained that the con sumption of 170,000 packages of seeds by the youngsters has attracted large numbers of new recruits this year. And every effort will be strained, it is said, to hold the interest of all at present engaged in the work of making the most of the great possibilities of Wash ington as a "garden city." The work is under the general di rection cf Miss Susan B. Sipe. This work is encouraged and supported by the People's Gardens association of the District, of which Miss Sipe is secre tary. This organization, working on the theory that much can be accomplished toward beautifying Washington by instilling a desire for this end in the rising generation, has lately concerned itself principally with promoting this interest among children. Mil Man Who Sticks, Wins. It la hard to stay on and work and stick, when things seem to go wrong; but we have found that is just the way to make things go right. WORTH KNOWING Bananas are immune from insect at tacks and most fruit diseases. Up to date about 2,600 miles of steam railroads in the United States have been electrified. , A German electrician claims to have invented an apparatus by which he can measure one ten-millionth part of a second of time. Shafts sunk into a burning coal field In Germany revealed 18 distinct veins of blaxlnc coaL The French Inventor of a machine to measure fatigue says that 95 per cent of corpulent persons are so be cause they have given in when they felt tired, and that it la practically im possible to tire out a fat person in good health. To permit escape from steam or gas-filled rooms in emergencies a wa ter seal exit has been invented, a tank filled with water being Installed, beneath the floor, a wall extending in to the water preventing the passage, of ateara or gas.