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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CELINA, OHIO
ig Riahr fo Prune Shade Irees 6y H.C.Mojor .... No one thinks of shade trees as a profitable crop, and yet of all vegetable growth cultivated by man, none raiders more generous return 7 jr N SPEAKING with o person re- I ccntly concerning the benefits de- rlvrd from ill planting of idlilde Irm, shrubbery and vines around a house, lie nit i I : "It In surprising to Die tlmt more people do not give great er attention tO tlllS pllllse of llOIIH' de velopment, lit my life I have built th'e houses hihI la every Instance I Imve planted Home shade trcrs, roses uml other shrubbery because I not only ad mire them mid love to wee them crow uml develop Imt in the selling of my property I Imve realized several hun dred dollars more tlinn I would have, had there boon no plantings made." Another writer says: "Twenty-five dollars would plant and eare for at least five elm trees for n ten-year per iod. 1' Is a moderate estimate to say that lit tl.e end of the second year, n building lot would lie worth $100 more ,for their presence. At the end of 25 years no man who owned the land on which they stood would take Slot) iBpieee for them. Plant an elm or n i Mv.TR?E STRUCTURE v-y ' J Xft QtUMOT ITWCTIM ii B Study the structure of the Tree Before ' mnr-e near your home and look upon It us a 511)0 endowment policy, maturing ,ln 1910. with no premiuuis after the lirst year." If live elm trees nre worth $25 at the nd of ten years, for the return of shade and attractiveness only, what would he the value of live good bear ing tvnlnut trees. There Is no tree more handsome or suitable for plant ing If only shade and attractiveness Is wanted. We think all practical, and really right-minded farmers ugree that shade trees beautify and enhance the 'nine of farm property, nnd the wonier Is that any farmer will neglect to plant trees about his home. Of oouise, they require some little atten tion for a while at least, and later on tne must be pruned and cared for if the best results are to be had t'r this form of investment. It would be the height of folly to take the trouble of planting trees, and then consider thtt tin) work Is ended forever on that 'iree. To obtain symmetrical, handsome trees, they must be pruned, i There is a right uud n wrong way tt pruning shade trees. Topping should preferably be done after the leaves drop in the fall nnd before the buds swell in the spring but It Is safe to do the work nt oilier seasons. Why We Prune Trees. To remove dead wood. The reason for removing dead wood Is obvious. It Is in the way. It breeds disease; It Is unsightly and dangerous. The way to do it Is to cut It out, removing all dead or decayed portion. Smooth off the surface so that water will not gather. If u cavity remains, paint it with a lead paint to keep out fungous and insect pests, then till the hole with a material that will keep out the mois ture and squirrels and upon which a new bark may find support to grow. To remove crowding branches. Branches that rub against and bruise one another when the wind blows ' should be taken out as soon as pos sible. The branch should be cut off clean, close to the main stem with a slanting cut so that wuter will drain off. Then coat with a tar or lead paint to keep off water and insects which bore Into and lay eggs in green wood. To increase flowers and fruit. In order to understand this we must be able to distinguish between leaf and flower buds. The flower buds are usu ally larger and of different shape from leaf buds. By removing limbs or twigs which contain only leaf buds we will accomplish our purpose. The cut must be made clean and smooth aud If a large surface of heart wood is left ex posed It should be painted. In remov ing such limbs care must be taken not MEN'S CHOES NOT BEAUTIFUL Only the "Female of the Species" Seems to Pay Adequate Atten tion tv the Footgear. An Impassioned commercial person ridses this searching question, in large letters and quite regardless of ex pense: "Why Shouldn't Shoes He Beautiful?" Well, why not? One (rouble is that they are made from the pickled hides of deceased unlmals Nostalgia. It used to make me homesick, In our little African clearing, to see the al bino woman. She would move nhout among her brown companions like n flame, nnd -her white body, that flick ered in the sun and glimmered in the Shade, used to knock at the door of Nostalgia. Homesick people nre always longing for a visit, and that albino wotmtn was so white 1 Once, to our neighborhood, where In those days white women did not come, there cume o white woman. Su did and Wrono vJavs "Ouk. Torres I J- CQn iroon CCtAKUT ttWCHM Undertaking to l-rune It. to destroy the natural symmetry and shape of the specimen. Tills natural ly symmetrical shape Is precise and fairly regular In Its occurrence due to a type structure explained later. To remove unbalanced parts. It Is a common practice to prune In order to thicken the head, strengthen the specimen, and create a more dense shade. This Is the question that most Interests us in the general shaping and (are of ornamental trees. We want to know how to "top" our soft maples, and whether or not we should top the elm at the same time. Tree Structure. To understand topping we must study tree structure. Trees are either opposite or alternate leaved. In the opposite-!, avi u trees the ter minal bud develops u Uvt ,stem. The side buds develop also and each In turn develops a terminal bud aud side buds. This kind of a tree forma nat urally a "leader" or stem that grows straight from the ground to the top of the tree und lliu limbs unless accident ally injured tend to develop symmetric ally about It e. g., the maple. When you top such a tree or In oth er words remove the terminal bud, you give more strength to the side buds. They develop more abundant ly, thickening the tree and reducing Its spindly length, until it becomes a stronger aud a denser shade tree. Such u tree should be topped bufore It gets so old that the cut will not Ileal over, nnd the cut place must be made smooth and waterproof. On the other hand the alternate-leaved trees tend to send a branch lirst to one side and then to the other side e. g., the elm. Until the tree grows out of reach of our hand nnd strength we can keep It bent straight or the one-side bud removed so that It will tend to send up a straight stem. I!ut as soon as it gets beyond our reach the Identity of the trunk Is lost In the branches and one may not as a rule trace the main trunk clear to the top of the tree. If such a tree is topped from time to time we may easily leave the last bud always on the same side of the stem und a tree will grow all to one side. I'.eyond this we must consider the natural strength of a tree. There is no object In trimming or topping u strong hardwood tree such as an oak or a sugar maple that ordinarily would not be broken In the wind. Such a tree Is naturally adapted to self-formation and unless injured by some ex ternal cause will take care of Itself. There are two other things we must know about trees. First, certain va rieties or species will never make good ornamental shade trees and should not and get rather closely trimmed In the factories. If the original fur wus left on In all Its bright meadow tints ot roan, bay and piebald, to match the tweeds that business men wear in magazine stories, the Issue of beauty would take care of Itself as far as most male footgear Is concerned, and tlie old Injunction to put your best foot foremost would then have a more liberal significance. Shoes ulso have a lot to stand for: they are poked and scuttled into all manner of places; they enjoy no human association or not lodge with us; she lodged with the white olllcer because "she wus an ofll cer's wife. We used to wonder if she would call upon us. One of us had a puir of field-glasses, and we used to watch her little figure coming and go ing about the clearing on the govern ment hill. When one day she was seen to come dowu into our valley by the zig-zag trail, we thought we had a visit. I cannot tell you how anxious wo were. In that little bark house, to make a good appearance, or what fresh disposals were made, with our eyes up- I rv V'.-'-' &uty pV:i"- fl I T BOxitchm be used. Many are poor because they are too open; buds too far apart on the stem and branches come out at long Intervals. Other trees are objec tionable because of the had odor of their flowers, brittle twigs, dropping leaves, shedding of bark, or short life. Secondly, the method of branching or the angle of branching with the trunk affects Its form. The Six Forms. There are six forms Into which tree may be grouped. a. Vase form vim. b. Kouud-toppcd maple. c. P.oxiform hickory. d. Coniform spruce or pine. e. Pyramidal I.ombardy poplar. f. Grotesque urtilbinlly propagated trees like the umbrella catalpa or Tea's weeping mulberry. (a) . Vase form. In a vase form tree the branches bend up, then out nnd down the trunk forming the stem. Topping this tree will make It dished on top and weaken Its' structure. It cannot grow together again and a "fu tal crotch" Is formed in the branches. (b) . Round-topped. The branches of round-toiiiied trees grow out nnd then bend up and Inward, forming a globular top. Cutting olT the tips of such branches thickens the top and strengthens the growth. (c) . Boxiform. Trees that nre In cluded In the boxiform group also branch squarely or at right ungles to the trunk and the top brandies ex tend to approximately the same length as the lower ones. (d) . Coniform. Branches of trees In the coniform group form a right angle with the trunk. The lower limbs are wide and the others shorter us they approach the top of the tree until the tree tapers down to a point. j (e) . Pyramidal. The Lombard; j poplar nnd others of the pyramidal type have limbs that tend to grow straight upwards, parallel to the trunk. (f). Grotesque trees. Trees of the grotesque class are of odd and un usual character. They nre either too irregular or too formal to be adapted to naturalistic planting and usually branch too Jow io allow truflic under neath. It would be safe then to say that softwood trees like Cottonwood, box elder, soft nmple, nnd catalpa need topping. Locusts, sycamores, and hick ories need to have dead wood removed before it falls. Other trees need to be shaped or headed up and given a fair start lit life when they are 12 to L'O feet high. If this Is done they will thereafter take care of themselves unless artificially or accidentally in jured. What Trees Shall I Plant7 Trees adapted to shade on lawn and street must have the following char acteristics: 1. Tall nnd wide sprendlng. 2. Straight trunk and well balanced top. 3. I.rng life and durability of wood. 4. Sirength of limb nnd freedom from insect and fungous pests. 5. Peep root system. C. No litter of leaf, flower, fruit or bark. 7. Branching high enough from ground to permit traffic underncnth. 8. Easy to transplant and affording dense shnde. Try the following here stnted In the order of their preference: 1. American elm. 2. Sugnr ma ple. 3. Ilackberry. 4. Sweet gum. 5. American and European lindens. (5. Pin and Laurel oaks. 7. Norway maple. attention after leaving the shop save from the lowlier sons of Africa nnd the Mediterranean. Only In football season does the male 'boot get any ex alted place In the public eye and prints. Woman, In her role as eman cipator and Innovator, has been giv ing the once humble shoe Its due place in the sun these lust few years, but man still lags. So economics, sociol ogy and philosophy may collaborate to find reasons, but, wo suspect, the real answer to that " question Is "feet." Collier's Weekly. on thnt descent, of our properties. I do not wish to make you too sud, but thnt white woman did not visit us. She went nwoy. She did not know about us, or about exiles, thnt Ciey are al ways dreaming of a visit. jean Ken yon Mackenzie In the Atlantic, His Importunities. "I declare Willie Is a pest." "What's the matter with him?" "He irrigates his pa with questions like he thought the poor man was t cyeinrama of Inflammation." JLIt CROP VALUES HIGHEST All Records Broken by the Pro i duction in 1916. yield of Corn, Cotton, Wheat and Hay In United States Each Worth More Than Billion Dollar. All records for vulue of the coun try's Important farm crops were ex ceeded in l'.'Hi, despite their smaller size. The value was placed tit $7,041, 000.000 by Uncle Sum in ills final est! mate of the year. That Is $1,750,000, 000 nioro than the same crops were worth In 15J15, Higher prices, due purtly to reduced production and part ly to the demands for American food from the warring nations, were respon sible for the vast Increase In value, hour crops ncU were worth more than $1,000,000,000. Corn, with a total value of $2,295,783,000 showed the greatest Increase, being worth $573,. 103,000 more than last year's output. Cotton, the second most valuable, with a total of $1,079,598,000, Increased $475,378,000 over last year. Wheat, the third, was worth $1,025,' 7G5.0OO, or $83,402,000 over the year be fore, when the production wus almost 400,000,000 bushels more, Hay was fourth with a value of $1, 00.S.8!) 1,000, an Increase of $95,250,000. Compared with last year's vulue, other crops showed the following In creases : Oats, $90,073,000; potatoes, $9.",- 071,000; tobacco, $72.727,000 ; barley, $41,302,000;; rye, $12,774,000; buck wheat, $1,521,000; flaxseed. $13,940 000; rice, $10,074,0000; sweet potatoes, $13,101,000; sugar beets, $4,243,000; beans. S17.902.OO0; ktillrs, $2,112,000; onions, $1,001,000; apples, $27,000,000 ; oranges, $9,545,000, and wild hay, $11, 053,000. A revision of the 1915 estimates of crop production was announced by the department, showing the corn crop to have been 2.994,793,000 bushels last year, a reduction of 59,742,000 bushels from previous estimates, and wheat for 1915 was placed at 1,025,801,000 bush els, an Increase of 1 3,290,000 bushels over estimates made last December. Productions of minor crops, com pared with last year's figures, follow: Crop. 1!1. Pea lis B.Mii.OrtO Kafirs fiD.Mi.fU'O Onion (12 ptutes) tj.417,183 Ca)t'io."e (tons, nine stales) !ifi.riS Hops, pounds C0.f.:IT.(H) Crunln rnes, bbls 4 !.",,( l Tenches 3.:1!.W0 I'ears l".377.m) Oranges (boxes) L3,s:c,uu0 1!I5. 10.3Si.flnn 114.4l.(H) 670,fr:t 62,UMi,(i 441.OO0 M,W.io ll,2Hi.(nlU SHARK SKIN SHOES NEXT! Use May Be Found for Terror of the Seas If Price of Leather Con tinues to Soar. Tou may at some time In the near future be wearing shoes made of shark skin if the price of leather continues to aviate and Investigations now be ing made by Uncle Sam produce re sults. The bureau of fisheries of the department of commerce has taken up the possible value of khurk skins in making various kinds of leather. 5ucfi skins have for many years had a limit ed demand in the United Stutes us coverings for minor articles of orna ment and utility, but their use as leuttjer has been very restricted. An acceptable leather has been prepared from shark skins in several foreign countries. Shark sklnsjire very tough and dur able, and some of them show a beauti ful surface pattern which persists In the tanning process. Leather made from the skins of the larger sharks has a very considerable body, and such sharks will be In greatest demand if the experiments of the bureau of fish eries prove ns successful ns anticipat ed, although the skins of minor sharks and the gruyfish also are being han dled. Arrangements have been made for securing from Florida fishermen a supply of very large shark skins; and further specimens are expected from other sources, especially from a num ber of lightships off the South At lantic oud Gulf coasts. The bureau of lighthouses is co-operating in this matter und will authorize the men on southern lightships to catch sharks und preserve their skins. The bureau of fisheries is supplying fishing tackle. The skins will be sent to tanners for treatment In various ways, and it is hoped that such raw material will prove so useful that fishermen on ull parts of the coast may hereafter find a market for the skins of all kinds of sharks now incidentally caught in line und net fishing. Times Are Hard When Tax Collector Comes Around Pity the poor corporations! Nearly half of them are op erated at a loss, according to the returns filed with Uncle Sam's Internal revenue bureuu under the Income tax law. Of the 300,443 corporations re porting last year under the In come tax law 175,532 claimed an operating deficit or no taxable income, and therefore claimed immunity from all taxation. Similar figures, showing that approximately half the corpora tions are losing money, have been filed each year since the corporation excise and income tax laws have been on the statute books. Straw tn Berge Costumes. Do you know that straw trims serge costumes? That Is what a renowned Trench clothes artist has evolved In he way of novelties for this season The straw, heavily plaited, is applied as three-inch bands to the bottom of skirts and to form upstanding collars. Especially stunning is a suit In W-e serge garnished with half-lnch-wlde patent leather bands, finished with still narrower straw edgings. Does the tra "hip away, shatter or other via dUJlntMTOteT Assuredly not (J. S. MINE OUTPUT SETS ME7 RECORD Value of Minerals Produced 1916 Is Placed at Three jillion Dollars. In COPPER SENSATION OF YEAR Iron Contends for First Placs With' Yield Worth $178,000,000 Coal Production Also the Great est Ever Known. Three billion dollars Is the value put upon the 1010 output of Amerlcua mines In estimates made by Uncle Sam, The enormous production wus accompanied by the greatest profits the mining Industry ofi the country ever has known, copper alone netting about $300,000,000. Production, It la estimated, hns run ut least 25 per cent ahead of 1915. The copper output was the sensation of the year In the mining world. At an aver age price of 27 cents a pound the 1910 production had a value of $020,000,000, compured with $24.1,000,000 the ycr.r before and $100,000,000 in 1913. The profits were the greutest ever known In the metal. Prices averaged slightly more than 27 cents as against 17 cents In 1915. Arizona led tlje states In copper pro duction, mining 075,000,000 pounds against 432,000,000 pounds the year he- fore. Montana cume second with 350,' 000,000 pounds, and Michigan was third with 200.000.000 pounds. Alaska mined 120.000,000 pounds, which wai almost twice the 1915 production. Ten- nessee alone of the copper states fulled to Increase Its yield. Iron in Second Place. Iron contends with copper for first place among the metals produced. Shipments of Iron ore last year, it Is estimated, amounted to $178,000,000 in value, an lncrense of $77,000,000 over 1915. The country's mlnos produced Tr niVl rum m-nco Inni nrrnlnct Plfi fUVI the year before. Production of pig Iron during the year made a record with 39,000,000 tons, against 30,000,000 tons in 1915. Iron ore In stock at the mines is put nt 10,000,000 tons, a full nlng off 3,000,000 tons since last year. The 1910 coal production also was the greatest ever known. The mines sold 597.500,000 tons, compared with '0,000,000, the record established In 1913. The quantity of bituminous coal mined was 509,000,000, an Increase of 00,500,000 over 1915. The Pennsyl vanln anthracite production of 88,312,- 000 was n decrease of 000.000 tons. Preliminary estimates indicate 4 per cent more crude petroleum was mar keted in 1910 than in 1915. The total amount produced Is put nt 292,300,000 barrels. About 38 per cent of this came from the Oklahoma-Kansas field; 30 per cent from California nnd the re mainder f -mil the Appalachian, Indi ana, Illinois, North Texas, North Lou isiana, Gulf coast und Rocky mountain fields. Millions in Quicksilver. ' The 1916 domestic output of quitit sllver was valued at $3,013,000, the greatest production in quuntlty since 1904, nnd the greatest In value since 1S75. Figures for 1918 show an ln crense of 39 per cent in qunntlty nnd 89 per cent In value over 1915. High prices stimulated unusual activity in the western states. The value of spelter from United States ore in 1910 was $150,000,000. The output of zinc lncrensed 05,000 tons, making a new record for the metal. Lead also shows a large In crease, the $15,000,000 output repre senting n gain of 50 per cent. Every western state shows a big mining gain. Arizona's output alone shows an increase of $100,000,000; Utah and Montana combined show an other $100,000,000. Ten mines in Ari zona paid $.'34,000,000 in dividends dur ing the year. Utah, Montana, Nevada and Idaho combined paid $00,000,000 in dividends. WILL TAKE LUMBER CENSUS Uncle Sam to Undertake Important Work in Co-operation With Na tional Lumber Association. Uncle Sam, through the medium of tire forest service, acting In co-operation with the National Lumber Manu facturers' association, Is preparing to take a census of the lumber produc tion of the United States for 1910 The information to be obtained by this work. It Is stated, will be of Immense benefit to the lumber Industry, the for est service and other branches of the government. It Is estimated by the forest service that there are more than 30,000 saw mills In the country and it is planned to have the Investigation reach every sawmill In operation. Each of these will be asked to make a detailed re port of Its production. Information I? sought as to the total quantity of each kind of wood sawed, the number of lath nnd shingles manufactured and the avern'ge mill value or each spe cies. Denuded Lands Reforested. Approximately 10,390 acres of de nuded Wands within the national for ests were reforested In the fiscal year 1910. The total number of trees plant ed was 6,140,637, whllo 8,280 pounds of tree seed were sown. Though heavy. It Is flexible. Neither does the patent leathery with which, at times, it Is mingled become rusty and lend a shabby appearance to the entire frock. Quaint Outlina. .iound, full skirts gathered at the vaist becomo more and more popular, and almost invariable these skirts are accompanied by tight bodices which are buttoned or laced up the front from waist to throat. A quaint outline but exceedingly attractive GOLF All OLD GAME 1 Was Once Played In Holland on the Ice. Goes Back at Least Five Centuries- So Popular In 8cotland In 1457 It Interfered With Other Games. , "You have to be a fine rider, do you not, to play golf?" was the commonest question it) regard U tho game not more than 35 years ago. At that time the man Who truveled about with a set of golf clubs was an object of some astonishment to his fellow travelers! And yet the game of golf, according to tho new Encyclopedia Hrl tannics, goes back at least five centuries. It Is portrayed by early Dutch painters, who generally showed It being played on Icel Hut one of the pictures tn a Dutch Illumined Hook of Hours, now In the Ilritlsh museum, is a painting of three men putting at a hole In the turf; as in our modern golf. ' Although the Dutchmen played nnd painted golf, they did not write about It and we have no records describing the gume. Just when Scotland took up golf. Is unknown, but 1457 It was olroady so popular, says the llrltannlca, that It In terfered with the more Important pur suit of archery. In May, 1471, un act of the Scottish parliament was passed forbidding this sport: "Kutebull nnd Golfe forbidden. Item, It Is statut and ordulnt that In na place of the realmo there be uslt fute-bnll golfe or uther silk unprniltahlll sports," etc. It Is rather curious that this Is an edict of James IV who later became very much attached to the practice of the "tiuprofltuhill sport" not only he, but his daughter. Mary Stuart. It wus alleged by her enemies that, as showing her shameless Indifference to the fate of her husband, a very few days after his murder, she "was seen playing golf and pull-mull In the fields beside Se ton." Golf has from old times been known In Scotland as "the Itoyul and Ancient Gume of Golf." Many monnrchs have made It their favorite diversion and since Its introduction Into America u.11 the presidents have found it a fuvorlte form of exercise. There Is still standing in Edinburgh a monument of the prowes's of James II as a golfer. After the Itestoratlon James, then duke of York, was sent to Edinburgh In 1(581 as commissioner of the king to parliament. He was chal lenged by two Englishmen, nobles of his suite, to play n match against them, for a very large stake, along with any Scotch ully he might select. With his pnrtner, who was one "Johne Pntcr sone," a shoemaker, the duke easily won the game. He made over half of the large stuke to his humble co-ad-Jutor, who herewith built himself a house ut No. 77 Cannongate, which has always been called Golfer's Lund. Luminous Watch Dial. The first thing to do Is to procure an ounce of calcium sulphide, luminous. The cost since the war Is $1 an ounce, but you can fix perhaps 50 watches with that amount. This element ab sorbs light, and after being exposed to any bright light for five minutes will glow with n purple light for about four hours, says Popular Science Monthly. Itemove the crystal from the watch to be treated, aud with n pen dipped In shellac go over the numerals and tho hands. Some may prefer to make dots only at the numerals. Pour out the calcium on n clean piece of paper, dip your finger in It und press some on the moist shellac. Allow about five minutes for it to dry. The calcium not used may be returned to the bottle. Wise Husband. Mr. Barton lived In n suburban town. His wife asked him to pur chase a shirtwaist for her while In New York. After telling the sales girl what he was after, she displayed a number. "Here are some very pretty ones. What color do you prefer?" she said. "It doesn't mnke uny difference," re plied Mr. Carton. 'Doesn't make any difference!" ex claimed the salesgirl. "Why, don t you think your wife would like a cer tain color?" "No, It makes no difference what color I get or what size. I shall have to come back tomorrow to have It changed." Important Venezuela Highway. Consul Homer Brett, at La Gunyra, reports that the government of Vene zuela has determined to undertake the construction of a hlghwny from Carac as to San Cristobal In the extreme western part of the republic. This road will be the largest public work ever undertaken by the government of Ven ezuela; It will be 683 miles long and will run from Caracas to Valencia, San Carlos, Guanare, Barinas and San Antonio de Capuro. Useg'of Troubles. We shrink Instinctively from trou bles, as we shrink from hard and painful tasks; we cannot escape the suffering they' bring; but we decide whether they shall weaken or strength en us. It lies with us to receive them as enemies or ns friends. They offer us fortitude, patience, courage, strength, growth or coyurdlce, bitter ness, despair; we cannot prevent them from coming to us, but we can decide whether they shall help or hinder us In our life purposes. Exchange. Troubles Enough. Edith Cholly says if I refuse him he'll go off and Join the German or the French army. Marie Then for mercy sake accept hlra! Those nations have troubles enough already. Boston Evenlnjf Transcript. Inspiration to Travel. It Is said that the craze In this coun try for Hawaiian music has almost stripped the Islands of native musi cians. We have always longed to visit Hawaii, and now we are simply crazy to go. Kansas City Star. THE BASIS OF CANADA'S RldS A Theme Discussed by the Wall Street Journal. In speaking of Canadn a short tlm ago the Wall Street Journal made the statement that "The basis of Cunuda't riches Is the fertility of the soil, and no freak of warfare can Injure that while her grain will Increase In de mand as the population of the world grows. As an Investment field Canada Is worthy of consideration." Those words are well worthy of attention, es pecially coming from such a source as this eminent financial Journal. With s land area exceeding that of the United States and with tillable areas coming under cultivation, tho weolth of Cunadu's future can scarcely be esti mated, while the weulth today is such is to bring her most prominently be fore the world. During the past year thousands of farmers In Western Cunudu sold their crops for more than the total cost of their land. Lands at from $15 to $30 n acre produced crops worth $40 to 175 an acre. Stock raising and dairy ing were equally profitable. The year 1015 saw most wonderful crops and magnificent yields over the entire country, and many farmers wiped out Indebtednesses that had hung over them long before they came to the country, and the year 1916 put them In a condition of absolute Inde pendence. A report to hand verified by a high official might seem marvel ous, were the particulars not well known, nnd where nre not other case that would seem almost ns phenom enal. This Is n southern Alberta story: A farmer wished to rent on adjoining: farm on which a loan company held a mortgage. The applicant snld he want ed the first ten bushels of wheat, after which he would divide, giving the loan company one-tntni. Alter iint-n...h he paid Into the bank ot Cotgnry per acre for every acre cultivated, to the credit of the loan company, ns their share or their third of the crop. Sixteen dollars per acre rent. His two-thirds wns $32 and In addition the first ten bushels of wheat. Land on this same security can be purchased for from $10 to $30 per acre. Won derful yields nre reported from nil ports of this district. Recently 4,040 acres of n ranch were sold to nn Illi nois farmer; 300 acres of wheat in 1910 produced a yield that averaged 42 bushels r' wheat per acre. George Itlchnrd, formerly of Providence, It. I., on u southern Albertn farm got 2.052 bushels of wheat from a 50-ncre field. or over 40 bushels per acre, nnd from a 50-ncre field of outs got a return of 70 bushels per acre and still had some sheaves left over for feeding. A report Just Issued by the Alberta government gives th yleld-of wheat In the showing of 1910 as 28 bushels per acre; 45 bushels. of oats and 30 bushels of barley. Travelers through Alberta's wheat belt have had revealed to them scenes of agricultural productiveness unnp. pronohed In any other part of the world. Alberta farms, selected with even moderate discretion, have raised men to Independence and nfiluence with rec ords of wonderful development unsur passed amongst the phenomenal Indus trial success of which Canada well may boast. Many almost Incredible yields have been reported by reliable authorities, wheat exceeding 70 bushels per acre and onts 145 bushels. Numerous records show that the cost of fnrms has been more than repaid by this year's crop. In one Instance, land purehnsed for $3,200 produced wheat which wns sold for a little over $10,000. During the year 1917 there will be an Immense amount of labor required to take care of the crop In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. One of the problems which Western Canada has to face every year is the securing of an adequate supply of labor to handle the harvesting and threshing of its big crops. This prob lem, Indeed, is always present In any "ountry that hns a big agricultural pro duction ; in th( case of Western Can ada It luhjinced by the comparative uparsuy of population and the long dis tance from Industrial districts, which enn be expected to offer a surplus of labor. In Western Canada the present diffi culties nre lncrensed by the war. A very large number of Western Canada's small population have enlisted for serv Ice with the Canadian forces in Europe, and nt the present time there Is gen erally speaking no surplus of labor for the ordinary channels of Industry, to say nothing of the abnormal demands of harvest time. The situation, how ever, hns to some extent been met by tho action of the Cnnadlnn militia de partment, who have rcleused all such men who are still tn training in the western military camps and who desire to engage In harvest work for a period . of generally one month. The actual number of men engaged In 1910 In harvest work wns between forty und fifty thousand. Wages were higher than usual, running from $2.50 to $4.00 n day with board, and from $35 to $00 a mouth. Advertisement. Gone to the Club. "Mrs. Gadder gave some of her friends an evening of music recently." "Did Mr. Gadder contribute?" "Yes. In one 'sense. He gave up an ?asy chair te might have occupied If the evening bud not been so mu sical." ACTRESS TELLS SECRET. A well known actress gives the follow ing recipe tor gray hair: To half pint ot water add 1 os. Bay Rum, a small box ot Barbo Compound, and i os. of glycerine. Any drugglat can put this up or you can mix It at home at very little cost, full directions for making and use come in each box of Barbo Compound. It will gradually darken streaked, faded gray hair, and make It soft and glossy. It will not color the scalp. Is not sticky or creasy, and does not rub oft. Adv. The best Jokes told ubout a man are those be never beard.