Newspaper Page Text
THIi CELINA DEMOCRAT, CELINA, OHIO
flclnlly? The ense ta not hopeless! Hy proper architectural treiitineht a house tuny he placed on n 50-foot lot which is by no means devoid of beamy. True, It Is largely up to the house itself, siuce little can bo expected of the sur roundings. The architect, In this case, can hardly hope to obtain pleasing re sults If the size of tlio bouse required Is large. When a slructuro of moderate size is called for, his skill will enable him to so design It that It will appear smaller thun It really Is. The attractiveness of a house which will yield well to n decorative treat ment such as that shown in the accom panying view cannot be questioned. The while lower portion, iu contrast UNCLE SAM TRAINING FLIERS FOR WAR tte Can Lower fbod Costs nr Drying Veqea6les fl mJ J Satisfaction With Your Home Heightened if ihe Place Is Beautiful. NEAT DWELLING DESCRIBED t " - Plant Dark Leaved Shrubbery Near oUW y , Li- . 2 DESIGN OM t r o .7 1 L f . -y Ttki Edibles tiozv asted by spoilage and surplus produc tion can be saved through zvork of uezv inventionboon both to farmer and consumer IKTY TIIOUSAXD IHL- LAKS was oast into tlie Atlantic the oilier day by olliclals t' tlio New York (Icpartnit'tit )f hrallh. To Ih specific, something like H.OtlO.tXK) overripe oranjies were de stroyed liecause they were not lit for Hale. Thus L'.'ll tons of foodstuff from 1'orto ICleo and Janmlni were lost nft cr having been brought a long distance nt a considerable outlay, says the New Y'ork Sun. Again, not long ago, ".'1H bags of onions were thrown into San Fran cisco bay because they had deteri orated in the warehouses and could not lie sold. These Instances are but two among many thousands of similar cases of market losses. They give an inkling of the enormous wastage In produce that goes on In the United States annually, and all because green vegetables and fresh fruits will re main edible so long ami no longer. The loss could be prevented if part of the moisture in the fruits and vege tables could be eliminated without In juring them. The average citizen does not realize It, but his watered foodstuffs are levy ing toll upon him all along the line. It 'is that moisture content that in vites deterioration ami decay. Trace the story n stop back. The nmrkctinan has to contend with the same conditions; n goodly percentage of his stock wilts anil deteriorates upon bis hands because of the trouble breeding moisture; and what he sells must bring a higher irice in order to fetch n general profit. The whole saler is confronted by the same prob lem, because he has to pay charges for transportation, cover depreciation in transit, and sell at prices that will insure a balance on the right side of his ledger. 1 ' Again, the farmer must ship only the very best of his produce in order that his perishable wares may stand reasonably well their journey to the markets. As a result, where his fruits and vegetables ripen cverabundantly he must count broadly as a loss that part of his harvest which remains on his hands, lie must got enough from his sales to pay for this wastage and the ultimate consumer sighs at the prlre thus made necessary. A possible remedy for this state of things lies In the process recently per fected in this country that makes It practicable to dry fruits and vegeta bles without Impairing their pnlata- bleness and their natural nutritive values. The hard pressed Germans have already been doing something In this direction. The beet and the potato were the two vegetables that the Germans worked with on a large scale originally. Later they took up the drying of beet tops, potato tops, pens and grains for the feeding of domestic cuttle. Refore this. It was the common practice to pack nway the beet tops In silos, and quite two-thirds of the orp wus used In this fashion, but n good piirt of the ensilage was commonly npolled by fermentation. It was to avoid this loss that the Germans re sorted to drying. The result was it green, tender fodder containing a starchy content of per cent. A ton of fresh leaves made 200 pounds of the dried foodstuff for cattle. The nu tritive value was found to he as high us the more expensive meadow liny. It was only natural that the Germans should elaborate their factories for SCRAPS Waterproof knapsacks made of horse hair have been Invented by a Japanese army officer. A liritish patent covers a series of tanks attached to a cable to permit a vessel to spread oil on rough water. Experiments with cooling buildings by forcing uir through hollow walls with electric fans are being tried in India. Itlce straw In Arkansas Is to be made Into paper. French scientists who have Investi gated have found that rubber Is sub ject to attacks by microbes unless kept In perfectly dry air. So bituminous Is the clay found In one place in England thnt bricks made from It yield oil, gas and ammonia when heated In retorts. The French minister of agriculture lias appointed a commission to study the question of Improved machinery for farming purposes. Sweden's government has made ar rangements to control and distribute raw materials, especially foodstuffs, be cause of the high pH-es. T tills work, am! give particular atten tion to the drying of vegetables for household use. The Industry whii wide spread and thriving before the out break of the war. Indeed. It whs gen erally recognized that the Germans were the musters of the art. The vegetables dried are carrots, cabbages, kale, potatoes, spinach, tur nips, etc. They represent the market surplus which would otherwise rot, and which, by being dried and packed, can be kept without fear of spoiling for n long time. The dried vegetables keep simply because the better part of flielr moisture content has been removed. The thing sounds simple; but the ac tual process presents dilllcullies. The process of drying vegetables re ferred to as having been developed in this country Is the work of Waldron Williams, Woodford Ilmnks and Dr. T. G. Wlechmnnn. Mr. Williams tells the story of the work of himself and his associates. "I never realized how little was known about the art of drying until my attention was attracted to It ns n field of commercial effort," he said. "I turned to my fellow alumni at Colum bia university and hunted high. mid low In the technical libraries, but when it came to practical details none of these sources of Information wus of material aid. "Finally we decided tolnake our own experiments, and something like two years ago we hit upon the working principles of our method. "( lur patents have not yet been Issued, although they have been allowed, and therefore I do not feel warranted In going into particulars. I'.roadly, how ever, the process consists In utilizing air currents at relatively low tempera ture, which serve to draw out and carry off the moisture In the cut-up vegetables while leaving them unim paired in flavor and nutritive value, l'lease observe that the vegetables are raw and not parboiled or in any way cooked at the time they are subjected to the moisture extracting process. "We are able to control the volume of the air currents and their tempera ture to a nicety. The time required to dry the products depends essentially upon the fruits and vegetables dealt with. The period of treatment ranges between two hours and something short of five hours. This can be ap preciated if one will stop to think how the watery content of various vege tables differs. "For instance, fresh beets contain K" tier cent of water, cabbages D1..r per cent, jinlons 87.0 per cent, pota toes 1 tier cent, and tomatoes ns much as 04.3 per cent. The larger ttio volume of water the longer the drying operation must lie maintained in order to reduce Ihe moisture content to th'e desired minimum. I'.y our system we kept the percentage of moisture well inside of V.' per cent. This prevents the development of the microorgan isms that promote fermentation and therefore the chemical actions nre checked or avoided which would stnrt deterioration and possibly lead to de cay. "Hefore our tits were working for the market nt Middle River, Oil., Hound I'.rook, N. J., and Webster, N. V., It occurred to me that it might be well to visit Germany for the purpose of seeing how our products compared with those turned out by the factories there. I was fortified with letters of Introduction to the foremost of those establishments, and logically I chose to make my first cull upon the man aging director of the most noted of the vegetable drying companies. "He received me in a very hand somely appointed office, bearing all the hallmarks of commercial success, and courteously asked me to explain the object of my visit. I did this briefly. At once llerr Dlrektor waved his hand deprecatlngly and expressed his sincere regret that I should have come so far to lay before him anything that pertained to the art of drying. 'I could have saved you the trip, Mr. Williams, because we know all there Is to know about drying and Improve Some species of lizards are seven feet long. One of the newer electric Irons Is made to retain much of Its heat after the current Is shut off, and thus save electricity. Flour costs more in Venezuela than for many 'years past, but competition among the linkers has reduced the cost of bread. A fan that resembles the familiar electric is driven by a hot-air engine in Its base, gas or denatured alcohol being the fuel used. A vest with lapels that turn up and button to form a throat and chest pro tector has been patented by an Eng lishman. A steering wheel, adjustable to sev eral positions, hos been Invented to re place the handlebars of "a bicycle or motorcycle. An Illinois inventor's dredging ma chine literally walks on large feet and will travel over ground too soft for caterpillar tractors. The surface of the Caspian sen has been gradually sinking for several years, until now navigation has buen Impeded ut several points. ment and to show us something new Is ipiiio Impossible,' he said, ".Naturally I was licit disposed to linger, neither was I Inclined to dis play my samples, but the alert llerr Kirektor had seen that I had some, and more out of politeness than any thing else expressed a desire to see them. It was plain that he was at mice Interested, and before long he had six or seven of his technical as sociates summoned to the olllce, and they too were impressed. "The llerr IMrektor dismissed them, and whe the room was cleared, turned to me eagerly and said; 'Mr. Williams, name your price. I did not believe vegetables could ever be dried to look like your samples.' As our patents were then pending In the German pat ent olllce I was not prepared to come to terms, but I left that establishment satisfied that we Yankees had forged n long way ahead In u very difficult art nnd I realized that we had the solution of n vexing economic problem the utilization and the preservation for subsequent consumption of millions of tons of vegetables and fruits that would otherwise go to waste. "How well we have succeeded in re taining the natural flavor of fresh vegetables Is evidenced by the testi mony of a New York housekeeper, a friend of mine. Merely to satisfy her curiosity I sent her n packnge of our dried spinach. The next time I saw her she said: 'Why. Mr. Wi'llams, that spinach was actually fresher than the gi n stuff that I buy at my grocer's. Naturally, because that s,'iinaii was I dried Inside of eight horn's from the time It was picked, while the provision store was selling spinacb anywhere from a week to ten days )ld. "We treated the vegetable when It was succulent and fresh ind full fla vored. The store article 1 ad been de teriorating for clays before It was cooked. Upon this subject we rend something .'rom n government report: "'(inly those that hav been accus tomed to eating green vegetables fresh from the garden realize In what poor condition are many of the vegetables sold to the city buyer. Some varie ties, as green pens, are so delicate In flavor that even a few hours' removal from the vines brings about a change. Ind I, the market gardener has been obliged to develop the Recping quali ties of vegetables and fruits at the expense of llnvor. If I'ghtly packed and transported only a Short distance the deterioration In mct vegetables Is not noticeable, but If Closely packed for any lengtli of tim changes due 1o the action of enzyme.! or ferments normally present in the, living tissue fakes place, with n consequent loss of flavor.' "Further, the same report calls at tention to a very common spectacle in nnd about our markets: The huckster In his off hours may often be seen trimming off the wilted Mitslde leaves of celery, cabbage nnd lettuce, and giving a fresh surface to th sit-in, find sometimes rinsing or sprinkling the lettuce with water not Infrequently far from clean. The beets which are left over, after losing littli- by little their tops, are sold by meastire to who ever will buy.' "The department of agriculture Is the authority for the statement that not less than 50 per cen of the fruits and vegetables grown ?n the United States never rench thn consumer. Of course, a large part ef this Is wast ed or thrown uway o destroyed be cause the price does l ot warrant the farmer in shipping thfm "Why shouldn't thest products be so conserved that they vould keep In definitely and be welfome upon any table? It is possible by our drying process to preserve these fruits and vegetables in forms that nre bound to be a boon to the housewife and a com fort to the family purse. Our dried products, for Instance, enn be sold nt a lower price than the normal retail market price for green stuffs, and we should only find fresh vegetables for midable competitors w)en there Is an overabundance." A Spanish bell benrlti.g the date 124" Is still In use in Oakland, Oil. German breweries are manufactur ing a form of yeast to be mixed wkh stock foods to Inereitsn their nourish ing qualities. The United States bureau of fisher ies now supplies more t.han 4,000.0(10, 000 fish specimens annually to differ ent hatcheries. ' The production of apples In the United States equals a husliel and u half for every man, wonun and child In the country. Rubber nulls for places vhere metal ones would corrode are a novelty from Germany. A portable generator has heen spe cially designed to provide electric lights to penult farm work to ne done It is said the largest tree known, in thickness, Is n partly decayed chestnut In Sicily, which Is 00 feet across. Mex Ican cypress nnd the Oriental plam have reached 40 feet. This puts the California big tree and the baobab In the background, but the big tree Is of. greater hulk In combined height and girth, and the baobab is ttlckest in ro latlun to height. Structure and Make Foundation of Dark Texture Brick for Most Pleasing Results. By WILLIAM A. RADFORD. Mr. Wllllnm A. itndfnrd will answer (lUcHtlnnii nnd give uihice KKKH OK COST on all subjects pe rtaining to the Biitijitct of tin ttil I riK. (or the reade rs of thlH paper. On account of his wlcln experience lis Kclltor. Author and Manufacturer, ho In, without disiht, tli highest authority on nil these subjects. AddreHsall Inquiries to William A. Kudford, No. lS.'T Prairie avenues, Chicago, lit., and only enclose two-cent stump for reply. There Is, of course, a direct relntlon between the house and Its surround ings, lty this we mean that either the surroundings must be laid out for the house, or, us in the case where a spot of special natural beauty Is selected for the building site, the house must be designed for the surroundings. The latter case obtains In some small towns and in country estates. The former case, or a compromise between the two, exists in the larger towns mid cities. I'erbnps it Is not the case in this country so much as It is in some of the Kuropean countries, but the fact Is true, nevertheless, that for the lover of beauty both natural and architectural, the small town which has been situated where nature has furnished plenty of trees, a pleasing topography nnd clear wntered streams such a town offers Ihe best possible site for the building of a home. The point Is this : It is cheaper and usually more satisfactory to let nature furnish the attractive sur roundings nnd model the home Into the background, than to build the buck ground for the home. Not that those who have studied In to the subject of scenic architecture 1"'. ... r-w wo.-,-: r: Seven-Room are not able to produce pleasing sur roundings for the house, for they have proved their ability to do so. liecause it is impossible for some lovers of beauty to go where nature has provid ed it, the work of the landscape archi tect Is very Important. The small town blessed with natural beauty is, then, not so much to be considered as the only possible site for the building of a beautiful home ns It Is to be con sidered us a spot which offers advan tages hard to obtain In imitation of na ture, unless a large sum of money is available for the purpose. The question might be asked, "Why not go to the country where nature's work has not been marred by the In roads of 'civilization?'" A logical ques tion, and in some enses the affirmative answer is unquestionably the right one. The man who comes from the city, however, or even the town, has been brought up In close touch with the peo ple around him. His habits have been formed In the influence of society. I'ut him and his family uwiry from the rest of the community and the result Is KTT6riLn ir-trxQ'o' luff I toDtoon LIVIHfi LOOM icrorXu-o" First-Floor Plan. lonesotneness. Therein lies the great est advnntage of the beautiful small town. ' Habits do not have to be changed, friendships may be formed and the nonnul conditions of life ex ist. The man who owns an isolated summer home seldom goes there with his furaily alone he crowds the house full of friends (or if he doesn't his wife does). And what is the reason? Sim ply that "I" Is not used when the real pleasures of life are being discussed; the correct pronoun Is "We." What of the case In which nature has not contributed and the means are not available to supply the deficit artl- Mil 1 POUH I zc-crjid'or I 7 blQi fir r, f 1 IVfiTO-fc l!)'0'MZ't' arx Bonhiiil Hall Ml UAin 1 1 n n; U O'XIVto Second-Floor Plan. with the upper dark portion. Is very pleasing unci nfways gives the impres sion of brightness that goes with well kept premises. The upper part of the walls Is finished with shingles, while the lower wulls are faced with beveled siding. The porch Is built Into the house and fitted In a manner which gives an air of privacy. A set of screens may be used on this porch dur ing the summer time, these to be taken out during the winter nnd glass sash Inserted in their place. The porch will then act as a blanket to protect the front of the house from winte: winds. The small vestibule In which the Family House. staircase is built has a cased opening Into the living room. The fireplace In this room is tucked cozlly into a cor ner and a little seat is built against the wall nt one side of It. A eased opening leads back to the dining room, which is built into the corner of the house the Ideal situation for this room. A first lloor bedroom, which would make an excellent den if not needed for other purposes, is entered from the dining room. The kitchen with Its connecting pantry is well arranged to meet the demands of the critical housewife. A work table is built beneath the puntry window and the cupboards are handily located on either side. The refrigera tor may be placed in the pantry, and an opening is provided so that it is iced from the landing at the top of the short flight of steps leading from the grade entrance. Three very large bedrooms are pro vided on the second floor. Each hus a generous closet fitted with shelves at both ends. The bath Is centrally lo cated off the hull at the head of the stairs. The view also shows a neat and In expensive two-car garage built on the rear lot line. The garage Is painted white to conform with the lower part of the house with which it is in line. A house finished as this one Is, re quires the use of dark-leuved shrub bery near the building. The reason is that the upper dark walls need to be balanced by a mass of dark color near the ground. The effect Is carried along by building the foundation walls above grade of some dark-colored material such as may be found among the many patterns of modern rough-texture face brick. Dante Used Few Superlatives. A contributor to the Italian review, Minerva, with time to spare, has made a count of substantives and adjectives In the works of Virgil, Dante and Leonnrdi. In the second book of the Aenid, which contains the Fall of Troy, there are 1,037 nouns nnd 589 adjectives. In Dante's "Divlna Com edin," out of the 0,215 adjectives which It contains, only 17 are in the superlative. Weather Signs. The old remark ubout a red eve ning and n gray morning ns indicat ing good weather (alluded to in the Gospel of St. Matthew) still holds godd as well as that which says that a red sky in the morning foretells bad weather with much rain and perhaps wind. One of these remarks hus taken form in: "A red sky at night is the sailors delight; a red sky at morning Is the sailors' warning." Punishment. "He asked my daughter to go over to his house tonight and sing." "Looks as If he'd hud another row with his wife." j: : : , ' The photograph shows men of one of Uncle Sam's training schools for avia tors examining Instruments on deck and In the cockpit of the machine before making a flight. This Inspection is made to Insure safety and is repeated every time an ascension Is made. Besides receiving instruction in actual flying, tne men being trained spend many hours In the shops learning how to repair, take apa.rt and put together their motors and other working machinery. The students are also taught how to construct minor parts of the machine. imnfyVirWVWllVl-l'i -i- COMMUNITYIIEALTII MATTER OF CHOICE May Be Maintained in Any De gree That the People Desire, Say Experts. Continued Education of Public Along Sanitary Lines Necessary, De clare Uncle Sam's Inspectors. A very extended and Interesting study has been made by Uncle Sam's public-health service on the subject of public-health administration. As the result of this long study, officials of the service have come to the definite con clusion that community health must be understood to be an attainable condi tion, and then thnt practically every" community may have the degree of henlthfulness which it desires to secure and with which It Is satisfied. Sanitary regulations, the experts say, ofien Interfere temporarily with indi vidual comfort and family manage ment, and the statement often holds that any Interference which tends to protect the health of the community is considered unwarranted interference with vested rights. Individual Effort Ineffective. The old idea, It is pointed out by officials of the service, that one's health is his ovn business, Is based upon false and unfounded premises, and hus no standing In the sanitary code of today. In the past, Individual effort to protect oneself against Infec tion from without has generally proved Ineffective, they say, nnd the appear ance of epidemics called for more con certed action. The earlier efforts In public health work found expression In local com munities before being token up by the state. However, progress In smaller towns and villages has In many In stances, the experts say, remained at a standstill. This lack of progress has often been due, it has been found, to a certain civic pride which has defeat ed any attempt to change the old order of things, or to co-operate with neigh boring communities in promoting meas ures for the betterment of all con cerned. Local Boards Weak. Although theoretically responsible for the health of the communities they represent, local boards of health are today, generally speaking, . the weak est elements In the public-health ma chinery that Is so slowly being built up for the physical welfare of the na tion, according to these experts of Uncle Sam. Aside from certain rou tine matters, such as the enforcement of old-fashioned quarantine, the pla carding of some of tlio cuses of conta gious disease that happen to have been reported, and fumigating at the termi nation of some of them, their activi ties are too often expended In attempt ing to abate common nuisances or set tling neighborhood disputes over a chicken pen or carting away and bury ing dead animals functions more fit ting for the police department. The study of the public health serv ice on this subject has shown that the public has been slow, especially In ru ral communities, In accepting the sim ple facts of preventable diseases. Con tinued efforts to educate the Individual as well as the public at large, the ex perts say, must be made, because suo cess In public-health organization and idministrntion depends upon the co operation as well ns the moral and financial support of the community. The same general laws, it Is pointed out, govern health and disease in the city and the country. 1 The Two Sides. The conflict of this world Is between the material and the splritunl. The European war Is an Illustration of it That is material. All wars are ma terial, because they depend on force, nnd force Is material. Guns, powder, dreadnaughts, battles are all material. Good will, reason, faith, friendship, aspiration are all spiritual. Now the most practical Issue of the day Is by which Influence is the world to be ruled? If by materialism, we use hate, laughter, devastation, blood and ex I REItlDEERHEATCCMIHG Venison From Alaska May Be Sold in United States Soon. Efforts of Uncle Sam to Promote In. dustry Have Resulted In Estab lishing Big Herds. With all the faithful pioneering that has been carried on In Alasku, with all the enterprising development of the past few years, vast stretches of the interior still remain unknown and un explored. The latitude of Alaska Is very near ly that of Norway and Sweden. Fam ilies from the Scandinavian countries take particular delight In settling there, and similar conditions naturnlly suggest similar occupations. Stock in this country can feed Itself through out tlite winter months. Lnrge trnets of grassy land with their rich grazing possibilities suggest ed stock, the long winter demanded that the stock be hardy, Scandinavians and other settlers knew thnt reindeer would stand the gaff. Reindeer were brought. In 1S02 Uncle Sam decided to use his Influence in the establish ment of reindeer breeding ns n defi nitely organized Industry, nnd in that year a herd was Imported from Si beria. For ten years annual Importations continued ; during that period 1,200 were brought over. Now 70,000 nnl nmls graze the plains and valleys from Nome to the farthest Aleutian Island. Of these, 40.000 are owned by the natives and native herds are acquired through a system of apprenticeship. The native whose work Is approved by the superintendent In charge of his district is given six deer at the end of his first year. Since Its Introduction the Industry has spread throughout the southwest ern portion of the territory, it Is car ried on with profit on the islands, and each year a large surplus Is reported. This surplus will in time develop Into one of the most Important sources of the meat supply of the United States, it Is expected. Secretary Lane is a strong believer In the future of the reindeer Industry. He believes that the phenomenal growth of the Alaskan herds will con tinue in the future as It .has in the past, and that with the improved transportation facilities resulting from the completion of the new government railroad, reindeer venison will occupy a conspicuous place on the American dinner table of the future. TO PROTECT THE CHILDREN Uncle Sam's Experts Would Have Country Profit by Experience of Europe In War Time. Thousands of children besides waf orphans and refugees have been direct ly affected by the war, according to re ports from belligerent countries which have come to Uncle Sam's children's bureau. Juvenile delinquency has In creased, more children have been em ployed under adverse conditions, spe cial, measures have been necessary to protect the health of mothers and ba bies, and home life has been broken up by the increased employment of moth ers. The bureau believes that the expe rience of other countries should be carefully considered in order that all possible provision may be made to prevent similar hurm to children in the United States. A preliminary survey of the foreign conditions emphasizes the Importance of a strict enforcement of all child la bor and school Attendance laws and a' generous development of Infant welfare work by public and private Bgenole it Is declared travagance. If by spirituality, we use gentility, generosity, kindness, fra- ternlty and consideration. There Is a great abyss between the two, and poor human nature declines to bridge It nd take up the spirituality side. But It will have to come to It If this planet Is to be the place' for Intelligent hu mans to live on. ' In the far distant evolution there Is a place where we will have to give up the material ut terly and embrace the spiritual side. Every thinking man knows that. Co lumbus (0.) Journul.