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THE CELINA DEMOCPM1. CELINA, OHIO
AERIAL BATTLES FULL OF THRILLS - Most Dramatic Feature of New Warfare Developed on Eu ropean Battlefields. WRITER GIVES ViViD PICTURE Young Aviator Take Deadly Risks and Do Work of Terror In Same Spirit Knights of Old Went Forth to Battle. London. Notlilug thut the great war bus developed U mure dramatic and thrilling than a battle between avia tors umld the clouds. It has come to be a common occurrence for a detach ment of airmen to uiiibuscude them selves behind a cloud bank, sweeping jdown suddenly from cover upon their (opponents. : A correspondent with the British juruiies east of Arras sends this de scription of ueriul warfare: ' There huve been hours when I 3m ve heard overhead a continual tat ftoo of Lewis guns and when a great jsweep of sky has been racked out with white shrapnel clouds following our plying squadrons engaged hotly with hostile machines. One ennuot follow (the progress of these aerial buttles, fit is only rarely that one cun distin guish un enemy muchine from ours, (except by cloudlets of our antl-ulr-jcrut't barrage. Hut fur and high one luees the during specks chasing (through the blue, touched sometimes fiy sunlight, so thut for a moment they ire all golden or glistening or white kis snowflukes, and down to one comes Ehe loud drone of engines and the tit le hammer-knocks of Lewis guns. Look Like Butterflies, i Our soldiers on the march stare up tet the war above their heads, so aloof jfroni them, so dreamlike, and the men tun the supply columns get their (glasses out and laugh when one of our (kite balloons Is hauled down sudden- y with great haste. "Old Itupert has ;ot the wind up," they suy; "a Boone iilane must be sneuklng round." It Is 10 joke when a German nirmun de scends out of a cloud and hovers over in buttery, signaling buck to his guns. J was In such a situation the other day, and had to crouch with the gun ners below a bank while shrapnel bul lets from our own "Archies" whipped (the ground ubout. 1 IJed wings huve come Into the sky, for the new German fighting muchiues &iave crimson planes, so that they look Jike butterflies when the sun Is on them. Enemy airmen have been try- lug to compete with our own by swoop ing low above marching troops and IMPETUS TO SHARK HUNTING Shoe Manufacturers Discover That Leather From Hides of "Man Eaters" Is Useful. New York. Shark hunting promises to become a geuerul and profitable In dustry along the coast of the Eastern states, since shoe manufacturers have discovered, by exhaustive experiments, that leather tanned from the hides of "man-eaters" Is highly applicable for the purposes of ordinary footwear. New York fishermen ure preparing to enrry on the hunt on a gigantic scule If the "sea tigers" come north this spring. While the Industry In Its Infancy does not promise to he over highly remunerative, boat owners are confident with specialized methods catches of sulliclent size to warrant exclusive attention to It will be their reward. In addition to the leather properties of the shark It produces an oil that Is said to be the slowest dry ing lubricant known. It also Is used In the manufacture of certain brands of waterproof paint. ALL YEAR COLLEGE TERMS American Universities Are Seriously Considering the Plan as a War Expedient. New York. Many American univer sities, It Is learned here, are seriously considering making the college year consist of four terms of 12 weeks each, with only four weeks vacation a year. It Is also proposed, by certain changes In the currleua, to teach as much In two of the new terms as was formerly taught In three terms, or the whole col lege year. These measures are suggested as 0 war expedient. It Is admitted the new arrangement will not be quite as effec tive as the old method ; but the advo cates argue better results will be ob tained from the plan than by trying to continue with the old system when young men have little time for educa tion and are In more 'of a hurry than formerly to get Into the army of some other active life. RECRUITING IN CHINATOWN h ( v , r MUST PROTECT ALIENS Uncle Sam's Experts Study Ques tion of Americanization. 100 Years Old; Does His Bit. London. Age does not deter Thomas Weeks of Ticehurst, Sussex, from joining In the fight for greater food Color'bearer of the American Junior Naval and Murine Scout which escort ed by a buttullon of naval scouts and a company of marine scouts, has been recruiting Its runks among the Chinese boys of New York's Chinatown. A number of enlistments have been procured und it Is expected that shortlv the organization will have formed u battalion composed ex clusively of Juvenile Orientals, but wlthul stuuDch Americans. The Amer ican Junior Nuvul and Marine Scouts aim to train the boys In the work of the United States navy and the marine corps. If on becoming of age they desire to serve their country, little further training Is necessary. More than -10,000 boys are members of production. Although one hundred years old, he Is cultivating an acre of the organization, scattered through 38 ground without any assistance. states. geSmisini pencil sun tennis and using their machine Sharpen It and It Explodes, uns in a way wuicn uuus new lierils to war. But, though they fight pchind their own lines with great skill land courage, they do not come over pur country In any such numbers as rur men invade theirs. These boys for they are absurdly young In the average age take all ithese deadly risks and do ull this V'ork of terror with the same spirit ps the young gentlemen of England (who rode out with Sir John Chuudos mid Sir Walter Manny to seek com bat with French knights many hun dred yeurs ago along the roads where our modern men-at-arms go marching today. ( German Tires First During this recent fighting one of them challenged a German Albatross, iwhich accepted fight, aud for an hour they did every trick knowu to flying stalling, banking, side-slipping, loop ing in order to get In the first shot. !t was the German who tired first, hough he showed himself master of his machine. ' There ure boys in our air service mho have killed six or seven Germans In single combat. A few have account ed for many more, and go oft again for a morning's hunting of men as though on a good adventure. Yet they Lnow the risks and the fortune of war. frhey cannot have ull the luck all the time. When the turn comes it Is quick to the end ; or, If hit and left ulive, they do amazing things up there in the Iiigh skies to save the final crash, i A few evenings ago two of our young officers were attacked by five hostile aircraft, and both were wound led, one in seven places, but they de stroyed one of the German airplanes land landed safely, though their own machines were pierced by many bul lets. j On another evening of the battle of jArrus two hostile aircraft were en gaged by one of ours and forced to laud, though one of our officers hod his collarbone broken by a machine gun bullet. Maiming or Killing the Sharpener. TAKEN FROM SWEDISH N03LE ENLISTS DESPITE GLASS EYE Man Rejected at First Finally Wins Place in Marine Corps on Re cruiting Duty. New York. Esklld Bagger has at tained his ambition. Three weeks ago he took the examination for the Ma rine corps, passed and thought he was In, but as he stooped to pick up his clothing a glass eye dropped on the floor. Undiscouraged, he had been going almost dully seeking enlistment. Cap tain Evans has Informed him that he has received orders to reward his pa triotic fervor. He was enlisted In the Murine corps reserve, class 4, and as signed to duty In the recruiting station. EVEN ESKIMOS SAVE FOOD .Doing Their Bit In Far Off Alaska to Help Uncle Sam In War. Seattle, Wash. Uncle Sam's Eski mos tn far-away Alaska are "doing their bit" to win the war. Under the guidance of the Alaska INatlve School, Medical and Reindeer Service, they are being taught con servation of food supplies, both "na tive" and "outside." They are en- Baggage Contains an Amazing Collec tion of Bombs, Poisons, Bacilli of Deadly Diseases and Other Tools of Death and Destruction. Chrlstiania. An amazing collection of bombs, poisons, bacilli of deadly dis eases and other means of death and destruction bus been seized by the au thorities here as part of the buggage of Buron von Itosen, a Swedish noble man and alleged to be a German agent. The baron tied to Norway after his ac tivities had aroused the Swedish au thorities. He was arrested, but, as he could not be convicted of violating any Norwegian law, he wus released with a warning to leave the country. Baron von Kosen's field of opera tions was along the Swedish-Finnish border. His purpose is supposed to have been the destruction of Bussian food und munition storehouses, but what success he had Is not known. When he fled from Sweden last Janu ary part of his buggage was seized by the Swedish authorities and found to contuin a large quantity of high explo sives, packed in tin cans marked "corned beef." It remained, however, for the Norweglnn police to uncover the real extent of his equipment. "Table Salt" Was Explosive. After the baron had' been ordered out of Norway those parts of his bag gage which had not ben seized In Swe den arrived at Chrlstiania and were turned over to the police. Among the articles found were cans of explosives marked "table salt," bottles marked "mouth wash," containing cultures of dangerous bacilli, identified by the state health laboratory ; boxes of lump sugar, each lump concealing a small gluss vial filled with bucilli of anthrax of glanders, und Several explosive pen cils. The latter article Is an Ingenious in fernal machine and a departure in frlghtfulness, so far as the authorities here are aware. It has the appearance of an ordinary pencil, but if sharpened a drop of ucld concealed in a thin glans tube is released and, acting on other. concealed chemicals, causes an explo sion sufllcieut to muim or perhaps kill the sharpener. Sought to Infect Animals. One scheme of Baron von Rosen In which the poisoned sugar lumps were to figure Is believed t have been di rected against the great. traffic stream which the war has called Into being between the northern Norwegian- town deavorlng to produce more "native" food and subsist on less "States' stuff," so Importations may be less. William T. Lopp, chief of the Alaska division of the service, with head quarters here, attempts to impress upon the Eskimo mind that "every ton of reindeer meat, seal meat, wal rus meat, whole meat and dried sal mon produced helps relieve the food and freight shortage of the nation." "The war Is as Important to the Eskimo as to us," says Lopp, "and he Is being taught to do his share." of Nurvik and Finland. A tremendous tide of merchandise flows into Itussia ulong this road by horse transports. Between two thousand und three thou sand horses .are used for freighting goods, and barns have been construct ed ulong the road for their accommo dation. The scheme attributed to Baron von Itosen was to put the poi soned sugar in the feed boxes in those barns and start an epizootic among the horses which would cripple the whole transportation system. The revelations In regard to what the buron described as his "scientific expedition" have aroused great lndig nution here and the authorities are se verely blamed for releusing the baron. There have been some cuses of infec tious diseases among horses at places where Buron von Itosen stayed, but his responsibility bus not been proved. Proper Employment, Education .and Distribution of Immigrants Re-' garded as Essential Factor. Bo much has been said., since the breaking off of diplomatic relations with Germany about hyphenuted citi zens and the problem of Immigration thut this country will huve to face at the conclusion of the great world war thut Uncle Sam considers that subject as very Important at this time. For that reason the United States bureau of educution bus been giving a great deal of time and study to the mutter, and has come to the conclusion that the Americanization of the ullen Is a process of adjustment to American conditions. Experts of the bureau who have studied the problem from all sides are of the opinion thut a number of fac tors contribute to such a process. Among other things the experts point out the need of protection of the alien from exploitation and defraudation by private bankers, steamship ticket agents, employment agents, and many others who are apt to pluy upon the Ignorance of these Immigrants. Another matter that has forced its attention on the Investigators in this connection is the proper employment of the Immigrant. It has been found that a substantial proportion of those Immigrating annually are farmers or unskilled luborers. Coming from farms and rural districts, these immigrants generally go into our factories and shops. Such a proposition, say the ex perts, is very bad, because, as a gen eral thing, it leads to their physical and industrial decline, owing to the fact that they are not equipped either by nature or training to enter such a new field. It is the opinion of these officials that the failure of this country to direct these men, once they have been admitted to the country into suit able occupations Is responsible for many labor difficulties and industrial tribulations disturbing the United States from time to time. ' Another question in connection with this Americanization of the alien, they say, Is the mutter of distribution. The aliens should not be directed to "col onlze" with those from their own country in our larger cities, but they should be widely distributed, so that they will come in closer contact with the people of the country and this will help form them Into what they should ultimately reach. Education, however, the experts point out, Is the most potent factor to ward inculcating Americnn Ideals and Impulses into these newly arrived Immigrants. The English language and a knowledge of the civic forces of the country are Indispensable, they say, to the alien In adjusting himself to America. Naturalization Is the last factor In Americanization, and it is less Impor tant, according to those making the study. It Is merely the legal pro cedure, they point out, applied after the other factors have exercised their full Influence upon the alien. Being the flnul step, however. It Is necessary that the standard of qualification should be high, and that the process of Americanization actually be contrib uted to, not hindered. The bureau is urging the hearty co-operation of all interested public and private agencies to work together in a complete educa tional program of Americanization. URGE BANKERS TO BOOST PIG CLUBS Uncle Sam's Agricultural Expefcts Seek Increase in Country's Meat Supply. 30,000 BOYS NOW MEMBERS Work of Encouraging Young Farmers Has Grown Rapidly In Few Years Two Methods of Financing Followed. ',l",'l','l,'"',,l"i"H,,H"f"""4"MH,,i,"l"l, "HOME BY XMAS," IS ' SOLDIER'S PREDICTION Lincoln, III. "I'll be home for Christmas dinner. That Is the message received J by Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Thompson of Lincoln, III., from their son, X Capt. John Thompson of the Ca- nadlan army in France, in a let- 4. ter which has Just arrived. "We'll win the war now, for there's nothing that can stop us since America has entered," Captain Thompson writes. FIND NO BUG IN THROAT OIL OR TAR HURTS GARDENS Widow Loses Accident Insurance When Autopsy Fails to Prove Her Assertion. Kansas City. The fact that an au topsy failed to find a bug which J. M. Freeman told his wife had lodged In his throat, resulted In the Kansas CJty court of appeals reversing a $4,000 ver dict the widow had gained against the Loyal Protective Insurance compuny of Boston. Freeman, a Howard county patent medicine vendor, had an accident pol icy. He died of pneumonia. The court held that since no foreign body was found In his throat he could not be said to have contracted the disease, as claimed, by "accidental or violent" means. Wears Shoes to Bed. To Punish Parents. Chicago. Judge Stelk of the court of domestic relations believes he has solved the problem of the wayward child. "Hereafter I am going to send the parents to jail Instead of punishing the children," he. said! In an address to members of the First Lutheran church. Say Whale Meat Is Good. Seattle. "A whale of a dinner" is the real thing here. Bucking the high cost of living dur ing the war, Henry Schupp, manager of the by-products plant of the Ameri can Pacific Whaling company, has brought another ton of whale meat to Seattle. Whale meat retails at 10 cents per pound. It looks like, tastes like, and la like beef. The meat Is Imported from the Alaska and British Columbia whaling stations. Warning Against Use of Street Sweep ings as Fertilizer Given by Uncle Sam's Specialists. Those who use street sweepings to fertilize gardens should avoid waste that contains oil or tur. Either of these substances is harmful to plants, spe cialists In Uncle Sam's department of agriculture warn. Sweepings from tarred pavements or oiled roads are likely to contain them. OH droppings from motor cars often mix with such waste, also. If sweepings are collected with some care and before rain or wa ter from street sprinklers have reached them and washed out the elements of fertilizing value, they can be used ad vantageously. In connection with the spread of the city gardening movement, the depart ment of agriculture believes a warn ing in regard to oil and tar damage should be given. A specialist in the bureau of chemistry cites an instance of damage done to a garden near Sil ver Springs, Montgomery county, Mary land, on which unsorted street sweep ings from the District of Columbia were used. This garden, according to the specialist, was ruined by the tar products in the fertilizer, and It was necessary to remove the top soil and resurface the entire plot with new soli. American Sports Coats In Australia. Commercial Agent Stanhope Sams reports that the American sports coat Is winning favor in Australia. Many of the best stores carry them In stock, and one of the leading Melbourne shops makes a special feature of these coats In its advertising. Pan-American University Proposed. The national assembly' of Panama has authorized the executive to make efforts to interest the countries of North and South America In the foun dation of a Pan-American university in ihe city of Punama, Uncle Sara reports. lege men. Since hogs afford the quickest means of increasing our meat supply, continued and extended efforts of public-spirited bankers in furthering the organization of pig clubs by advancing to club members the money needed for the purchase of purebred sow pigs Is doubly deslroblo at this time, accord ing to Uncle Sam's agricultural ex perts. Pig clubs have Inereasud very rap Idly during the past seven years, the specialists point out. In 1910 there were 59 members In the United States ; today the number exceeds 30,000, found principally in Arkansas, Ala bama. California, . North Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Texas, Oregon, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Kentucky, Indi ana, and Massachusetts. These states contained 21,673 members Just year, but pig clubs are being formed rapidly In other states. The demand lor gilts and bred gilts by club members Is un precedented, even at the. high prices at which they are held. Financial assistance to the pig club members has been the means of intro ducing purebred hogs in places where otherwise this might have been Im possible, and hus helped to build up the agriculture of the communities which the banks serve. These clubs stand not alone for greater pork pro duction. By Increasing the amount of live stock they encourage the produc tion of much of the feed on the farm, and as their activities are coincident with or follow club work In the grow ing of corn and forage crops, they are part of a system that favors n sound diversity in agriculture und a rotation of crops that will maintain the fertili ty of the soil. Two Plans Followed. Two plans have been followed by bankers In providing the sow pigs necessary to enable the boys and girls to engage in pig work. One method Is the so-called promissory cote plan. The banker makes indivlduul con tracts with the pig club members. In each case he agrees to lend them a certain eura of money at 6 per cent Interest for one year, or longer il necessary. The member agrees o keep tip a membership In a pig club, U Invest the loan under the direction of the county agent or county club rep resentative, and to repay it at ma turity out of the proceeds of the sale of the original stock or the Increase. As security for the loan, the banker takes the member's promissory note. The member's parent consents to the contract, in writing, and agrees not to claim .any right In the pigs purchased or their proceeds. The other method Is called the "end less-chain" plan. This also Involves Individual contracts. The bnnker agrees to furnish a registered sow pig. The boy or girl agrees to Join a local pig club, obey Its rules, care for the sow according to Instructions, breed her at not less than eight months of age to a registered boar of the same breed, raise the litter according to the rules of the club, and deliver to the banker two choice gilts (not less than eight weeks old) from the first litter. The member agrees also to take out registration papers for nil the first litter pigs not sold for Immediate slaughter. When these agreements are met, the original sow and the remaining pigs become the member's property. If the member Is unable to return two sow pigs out of the first Utter the agreement continues until this Is pos sible. If the original sow dies before farrowing a healthy Utter the banker bears the loss. If the member does not fulfill all agreements, rights to the sow and her progeny are forfeited. The parent agrees to the contract, in writing, and acknowledges that the sow and increase shall belong to the boy or girl. Endless Chain Established. When the banker receives the two sow pigs from the member and puts them out with other boys or girls un der the same agreement, the endless chain feature of the activities is set in motion. This plan may be varied in details to suit conditions. For in stance, the banker may require the re turn of only one sow pig, and stipulate that the boy' or girl must Join a corn or peanut club, raise at least half an acre of green feed, and exhibit the sow and her offspring at the county fair or live-stock show. , Under similar arrangements, boys have received calves to raise, and both boys and girls have received eggs of purebred chickens for hatching. It is urged by Uncle Sam's experts that bankers in the South who have taken part in these projects hereto fore continue their aid, and others, both in the North and in the South, take up the work, as it Is a patriotic duty at this time to increase the na tion's supply of food. Nineteen presidents of the United States were lawyers. Only 17 were col- ISLAND CAPITAL IS PRETTY Under French Regime Antananarivo It Becoming One pf Most Beautiful of African Cities. Antananarivo, which Is the capital of the Island of Madagascar, off the coast of Africa, has a splendid sltua Hon and under the French regime bids fair to become one of the most beauti ful of African cities. It is( located lu one of the upland plains, which are tilt; granaries of MudiiKascur, at an ele vation of more than 6,000 feet above sea level. The city occupies a Mt?n, narrow, rocky ridge, rising sharply ubout 000 feet above the pule green spread of the rice fields. Its splendid stone churches, government buildings, schools and colleges are finely set off by this situation. Excellent streets connect all parts of the town thut are accessible to vehicles, and stone stair ways scale the steeper hills. There is a beautiful public square, terraced and filled with trees and flowers. Long before the French came to Madagascar Antananarivo was the principal village of the Hova chiefs. The llovas were the strongest tribe of the native Malagasy race and they slowly conquered the greater pnrt of Madagascar, forming it into a native kingdom, which was rapidly advancing toward a sort of civilization. Antan anarivo became a city of 80,000 people, built of rushes and wood, with a great wooden palace upon Its highest hill. A unique civilization might huve been developed by the llovas had not France Invaded Madagascar. She con quered thte natives in the war of 1882 and finally took over the entire Island as a colony. It was regarded as a high-handed proceeding and for a time it worked great hardship on the na tives, but In the long run their lot has been greatly improved. BASIS OF MODERN STATUTES Common Law Grew Up Gradually From Old Maxims and Customs Antedating Art of Printing. Common law Is the basis upon which our modern statutes are built. Com mon lay generally Is based upon the English common luw which was used by the early settlers. This English 'common law grew up gradually from old maxims and customs which were practiced previous to the time of print ing, or, to use the quaint legal phrase, "time whereof the memory of mun runneth not to the contrary." Many of these customs originated in the old feudal days, and concern the relationships between lords and vas sals. The more powerful a lord was the better able he was to see that those customs were enforced which best suited his purposes, and In this wny the law became established. As the social order changed, the common law changed with it. With the ad vance in civilization these changes were preserved in written form, und the unwritten or common luw, -combined with the changes aud additions mude in it by the various nets of par liament, became the law of the land. Warned. "Henry," said Mrs. Naggles, Impres sively, "I've decided to tuke up Lec turing." "Nonsense I" said her husband. ', "I mean it, Henry. I have talents that require a wider scope than that afforded by the domestic circle. My mind is quite made up." "Well, my dear, If you will, you will," he said resignedly. "But Til tell you one thing. You'll nevet get the public to sit up OU one and w o'clock to listen, to o,' f ' " Deserved Rebuke. "I put my good money In yout scheme," bellowed the small Investor, "and now I can't get a cent out of it I" "Calm yourself," answered the wily promoter. "Other people put twice as much money in' it' as you did, and theirs was Just as good as yosrs." No Trouble Here. "Have you any trouble naming the baby?" , "Not at all. We've only one rich relative of her sex." ? Kidney Diseases. Nearly nil diseases of the kidneys ure due to salt. If you are suffering "with" or "from" your kidneys, the first thing to do is to smash all your medicine bottles; cut out salt and sugar from your meals and go on the fruit-cereal diet. Steamed asparagus is the best thing in the world for your kidneys and bladder. Parsley is good for victims of kidney diseases ; so also is water cress In the form of salad but no salt! One should not eat too freely of parsley. Parsley will aid the eyesight by restoring the kidneys to their proper function; but overdoses of parsley damage the vision. Peurs are the very best of fruit for victims of kidney disease. But no matter the nature or the name of your kidney disease, you can get over it by follow ing the instructions. Los Angeles Times. r- ! MACARONI MADE rtON THE RICHEST MADE DURUM WHEAT COOKS IN 12 MINUTES. COOK BOOK FREE SKIMMER HFC. CO. OMAHA. U.S.A. UrfAff Mivcfcrom fcrforu in America. Yow Fruit Yoo't SpoQ II Yo Ue RED RUBBERS ThvFitAtl SinnAarA Matt SpeolTf facommencleJ for cold pacfc canning. Smd 2c damp foe new book on pregerrinff or lOcta tUrop f oc om dozen rings if you caooot grt them at your deaJct'a. Addnat Dmpartmmnt 54 BOSTON WOVEN HOSE & RUBBER CO. . Cambric!, Msu. Reprisals. Col. IMrhurd Woodhouse said In a recruiting address lu Lexington: ' "Nothing will stop the Huns' bar barities hut reprtsuls. If Iteluis ca thedral Is destroyed, let us destroy Cologne cathedral. And on every ship that enters the submarine murder zone we ought to put Germuns of high rank." Colonel Woodhouse paused and smiled. "There's nothing like reprlsuls," he said. "A talmcconist sent a doctoj the other day a ten-dollar box of cigars, snylng he knew they hadn't been ordered, hut they were so excel lent he was sure the doctor would en joy them. Bill Inclosed. Terms strictly cash. 'The doctor wrote buck: "Delighted with the clears. Though It Is true you haven't culled me in, I venture to send you herewith two pre scriptions fur rheumatism and dyspep sia, respectively, that I am sure you will like, as they have given universal satisfaction to my clients. My charges being .$5 for prescription we are nov quits.' " WATCH YOUR SKIN IMPROVE When You Use Cuticura The Soap to Purify and Ointment to Heal. On rising and retiring gently smear the face with Cuticura Ointment. Wash off Ointment in five minutes with Cuti cura Soap and hot water. Continue this treatment for ten duys and note the chauge in your skin. No better toilet preparations exist. Free sample each by mall with Book. Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept. L, Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv. Fiscal Years. Fiscal year meuns the treasury yeai or period for which gdvernment ap propriations and reports ore mude, and accounts are rendered. The govern ment fiscal year in Great Britain and in Germany ends March 31; in the United States on June 80, and in France on December 30. As it always relates to government finances, It might be called the financial year. The word fiscal is derived from the Latin flscus, a basket, and may relate to some re mote period of primitive, simplicity when a money basket served as a gov ernment treasury. Since the organiza tion of the United States government, the term fiscal year has meant from June 30 of one year to July 1 of the next year. Keep Busy. "Time was when the man who beat the drum in an orchestra was thought to have an easy Job." "Yes. That wus before a drummer was expected to imitate the songs of birds,' hoof beats, fire-gongs, crying ba bies, the hum of a motor cur, the honk ing of its horn, pistol shots, noises of the barnyard and a hundred other sounds. Nowadays he merely beats his drum during his leisure moments." A Disappointment. "Father," said Ilorteuse, "Reginald Is going to call on yoU tomorrow." "What does he want?", "He wants to ask your consent to our marriage." "I'm disappointed In hlra. I thought he'd make a good son-in-law, but if he's that timid and time-wasting, I don't know as I want him around." A Finished Creation. What will this world be when at last God has got through creating us, when the Christ shall really have risen Into all the affairs of mankind, and the Golden Rule will be greater than all constitutions and all legislation, because Its spirit will fill them all and inspire human purposing! Real Living. Real struggling is Uself real living, and no ennobling thing of this earth Is ever to be had by man on any other terms. James Lane Allen. Elections in Land of Nippon. The Japanese people are satisfied with the result of the election of April 20, but agitation regarding expense at tending a canvass for a sent In parlia ment is renewed. The same argument is heard as those after the last gen eral election, according to East aud West. The Chugal Shogyo estimates the cost of 000 candidates at not less than $2,640,000! This is more than representatives In the United States expend, but senators have been known to pay half a million for seats In that body. The Chugul snys the govern ment spent $200,000 for supervising the election, which, to Americans, will appear moderate. This sum Includes "stumping trips" through the country by cabinet ministers; members of the opposition puld their own expenses. The editor regrets that so many men entitled to vote fail to exercise their high privilege. Itepeated dissolution of the diet not only causes political disturbances, he nrgues, but Imposes heavy financial loss upon the nation and upon individuals. In a Sense. "I ache all over from working In my garden yesterday." . "Growing pains, eh?" After a man reaches the age of forty he quits trying to secure the moon and gives his entire attention to getting the earth. The hardest work some men do is Inventing excuses to keep them from exerting themselves. Minnesota newspapers wtll establish a paper mill. Grape-Nuts for Lunch Puts "PEP" into the aiieriiuuiid work rsj -zi VO attterr-j-l .