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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CELINA, OHIO
TI-7TTn7rTv.' Tcfc 100,000 AEROS War Chiefs Consider Plan for Im mediate Construction of Craft. TO BLIND GERMAN ARMIES France Ready to Co-operate In Train ing Americana aa Fllera Walt for Congreaa to Provide the Funds. Washington. Secret nry Baker, of ficers of the War college nnd 1?rlK' !en. George O. Squler, clilef sliuil of ficer of tlio nrmy. lire studying a ilun to strike 11 telling Mow ut the German wur uiiiclilno In France ly means of a tremendous Ainerlciin airplane force capable of overwhelming opposing air- cruft nnd "blinding the eyes of the German armies." The plan, eliihorute but liriictlenl In every respect, hns pro gressed to the point of exchanges be- tween the Ainerleiiu, British nnd rreiich tinny leaders. The secrecy which has shrouded It no longer Is re garded us necessary. In fact, details of the plan must be made public be cause It Is tip to congress to provide the necessary funds. Would Blind Germans. General Squler, by reason of his po sition ns organizer nnd so-called man- uger of the nation's future aviation forces, Is not free to discuss the mat ter. There Is, however, unquestionable authority for the statement that he Indorses the advocacy of an immedi ate and enormous Increase of this na tion's aviation forces for the specific purpose of concentrating so many thousand battle innchlues on the firing line that Gorman artillery will be ren dered sightless. The German military leaders then would be forced to con tinue the fight "blindfolded" ugalust the allies. The Importance of this would he ap preciated at once, It Is asserted, If tht public could see some of the latest messages which have come from French and British strategists now conducting the wur. General Squler has been making advance preparation for this contingency for weeks. The groundwork Is laid for putting the ac tual plan into full operation, and all that Is necessary Is for General Squier to receive word from Secretary Baker to "go ahead." l'.efore Secretary Baker can give this authority, con gress must pledge the necessary funds, which are estimated ut about $1,000, OOO.OOO. The bureau of ordnnnce of the wnr department has received funds of al most $l,.rOO.0OO,000 fur work on heavy ordnance. This is all-important, but In the opinion of those interested in the aviating program It cannot have a direct bearing on the war operations for almost two years. It will be some time before American troops can be concentrated to make their presence felt In the struggle. liut an American aeronautical force, It Is said, could esert a tremendous and perhaps deci- BERNHARDT FINDS LOSS OF LEG HAS ADVANTAGE New York. Upon returning from n motor ride to Mount Sinai hospital recently Surah Bern hardt was enjoying a light repast when she startled William J. Connor, her manager, by encor ing the pate de fois gras. "But, madanie," he protested, "have you forgotten the gout?" "If It returns," she replied i with a laugh, "It can hurt only one foot." - The famous actress refuses to let the loss of a limb affect her spirits. GERMANS FOND OF NETTLES Ancient Food of Teutons Again Ap pears on the Tables In . Germany. Munich. A food which was much used nnd liked by the ancient Teutons, but hud been forgotten for many cen turies, has ngaln appeared on the Ger man tables under the dire necessity of the wartime the nettle. The weed, which Is now cultivated In enormous quantities and has largely replaced cotton for cloth, Is cooked like spinach and also used for soups nnd other dishes. As the plant con tains much sugar and chlnrophyl, It has a considerable food value, and it tastes better than spinach. In Sweden, where many of the an cient Teutonic customs have survived, nettles huve always been eaten, and lately they have been sold canned. In Home parts of southern Germany "nettle dumplings" were formerly con sidered a delicacy of the spring sea son. "Clean Your Plate." New York. "Clean your plate" Is fie admonition appearing on the menu curds .of Washington Square family hotels. "Food must be conserved" rends u printed slip attached, "and you ure expected to do your part. Don't order more than you can consume." Walked 9,000. Miles for Education. Itcliaire, O. Elmer Kratz walked y.OOO miles to get nn education in the high school here. He lived six miles from the school nnd walked back and forth every day while taking the four yenr course he has just finished. TELLS SWISS CURIOUS STORY German Woman Caught Crossing Bor der From Italy Claims to Be "War Document" Collector. Berne. A German woman who, Re cording to her own statement, had spent several weeks behind the Italian front on the Isonzo, was arrested by the police of Locarno after she crossed the Swiss frontier on her way back to Ccnuanv. Kb.) v.-t;if found to have hUDdrefis of TO FIGHT GERMANY slve pressure an the actual fighting within a few moths. As one lending American army authority phrased it, "The effect of American aeronautical forces In Europe would he felt acutely by Germuny within a week ufter they reached French soil," Factorlea Are Listed. The first move which General Squler hns completed after weeks of lubor has been to remove In advance all Im- peiiimenta to turning the nation's genius and resources to aviation. Ev ery American manufacturer now w guged In aeronautical work has beeu sounded out. Every manufacturer of engines, -automobiles, electrical appli ances or whut not who could be of as sistance hns been listed, and in thou sands of cases communicated with. General Squler has concentrated his energies not on providing nn American aeronautical force which could hold Its own with the British or French, but In providing ur .ei whelming force completely eel'., sing the efforts of the most progressive of the Euro pean powers. Arrangements have been nmde with the French government whereby con valescent American aviators on the fir ing line will be sent to this country to act as instructors for others. Advance arrangements have been made for ob taining recruits for the aviation forces later to be concentrated abroad. "Fly in France" may be the motto to be seen on the street cars and billboards within the next month or two. "Fly for Liberty," "Rlindfold the Enemy," are other slogans. Beans Grow After 3,000 Years. San Bernardino, Oil. Four bean seeds, estimated to be 3,000 years old, planted here by It. P. Heron, a natu ralist, are said to be growing, nnd it is believed the revival of an extinct species will result. The seeds were found sealed In the wall of a cliff dwelling in Arizona. HOW OUR TROOPS English Newspaper Gives Impres sions of Our Boys in Khaki. ARE GIVEN WARM WELCOME Our Men Are Described as Finely Built Lot of Young Fellows Offi cially Greeted by Mayor and Mayoress of Town. New York. American troops arriv ing In a British town are desA-ihed picturesquely by a copy of The Black pool Times which has just reached here. England's Impressions of her American allies are given for the first time. The name of the body of troops is not stated, but various Indications show clearly It is the Medical corps unit from Western Reserve university, Cleveland. The article reads in part ns follows: "Exactly nt 1 :50 the mayor and town clerk Hurried to the town hull. After greeting the Amerlcuns at the station, the mayor promptly donned his offi cial robes and chain of ollice, and, ac companied by the mayoress, along with the town clerk and Sir John Rus sell, Bart., who is a private in the B. A. M. C, proceeded to the entrance to the town hull, followed by the mem bers of the tojp council and the rest of the coTiipahy.'"'" -Cheers Upon Cheers. "Within a minute or so the loud cheering along Talbot road denoted the troops were marching down, nnd quickly the baud of the K. A. M. C. (Rlpon trulning center) hove in sight FRENCH ARTIST BLINDED An exhibition of the work of Mr. J. LI mordant wns held in Paris recent ly and critics agreed as to its wonder ful technique and quality. The artist bus since been blinded while serving the colors. The photo shows the latest portrait of this talented French artist. letters written by Italian soldiers In the trenches to relatives at home, but she denied being a German or Aus trian spy. At her hearing she claimed that she only went to Italy to pur chase the letters for a collection of "war documents" started by her. As there was no proof of espionage against her, she had to be discharged and permitted to continue her Journey, but the Swiss authorities confiscated the bundles of soldiers' letters and ad vised her to curb her dangerous col lecting mania until ofter the war. laatailftftiIUBlUitoi IN M U0N TS TO REMEMBtn FOR LOYAL AMERICANS New York. Dr. Preston W.jaj jli Slosson of the history depart fluent of Columbia university, has drawn up a list or "ion is , on the ' nre: Wnr." Some of them "Don't sny 'My country right fca or wrong.' We aren't wrong. tai "Ion't call national necessity Hi fe and international Justice by any k name as ' vague as 'national , honor.' "Don't ny 'British cold' Wall utreet or ( or the 'North-, to hi cllffe press' made this war. You don't have to brlb a nation to' to make It resent the murder of Its to to citizens. to 3 "Don't call every pro-ally 'pro- M m British.' Great Britain Is only a "ne of a dozen or so of the al-j "Don't say that both sides to think they are fighting a defen- to slve war. A man may honestly to think that two and sis are to to eleven, but It doesn't make them to to so- to H- "Don't call universal training Prussian militarism. It Is no to to wIlltUf I I unUUI IllilU 11 in ww inn, w. ........ T...r.lnn I la Curloo ...... ...st..-...t e ' fc Udl'iiiirnv ui auiiuiiiiui to "Don't sny thnt we owe nld to to France on account of Lafnyette. to to We didn't help France in 1870 to p3 nnd we were right not to do so. )n j, We only owe nld to any nation w when It Is fighting (ns at pres- ont) In n righteous quarrel. "Don't say that 'It doesn't" to ,l.o to Ingman what country governsto to him. ftn the contrary, it makes to Im more difference to him than to (anyone else, becuuse the rich to man can spend his time In travel or bn his way Into the j 111-1 vi I, .trod mnuu it no iithim nil- lltlf.nl sm,iltli-ina nrtni-Dfielvd " Kitotototototatotatotototo LOOK TO BRITISH it- nt the head of the troops, pluylng a lively march. Cheers upon cheers re verberated from the crowds lining the streets anil Talbot square as the American troops marched smartly past. "The American band was followed by two of the men carrying a large Union Jack and the Stars and Stripes side by side, this significant emblem of unity arousing great patriotic cheering. They were greeted with the playing of the American national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner," by the It. A. M. C. Depot band, stationed immedi ately In front of the town hall. The troops, who were a finely built lot of young men, were promptly lined up, and the mayor and mayoress, uccoin panied by Sir John Bussell, Bart., the town clerk and Mrs. Ilarbottle and Mrs. J. Parkinson, mother of the mayor, went to the edge of the foot path, and the mayor entered Into con versation with Cuptuin Tootle, the of ficer commanding the United States contingent. "The mayor proceeded to give a civic welcome to the troops. "Captain Tootle cafled upon the men to show what they felt In their hearts, the gladness thut came over them on that occasion. He desired them to let the good people assembled know how happy they were to be pres ent to stand shoulder to shoulder in that great human cause. "Give them tliree hearty American cheers, and re meiiiber : your colleagues," was' the con cluding appeal. "The men responded with three rous ing cheers, which far exceeded nil pre vious similar responses. Look Pale but Fit. "They are young men, from eighteen years upwnrd, nnd nearly nil clean shaven. They have n puler appear ance than our men, but this might be due to the voyage us well as the luck of training, and the Blackpool air nnd sun will soon Impart a ruddier hue to their cheeks. The troops are above the average height, and nre straight and clean limbed. In dress they some what resemble our colonial troops, es pecially In headgear, for their hats American service hats are of the sombrero type, with the slack crown. Their khaki Is a shade darker In color than that of our men, and their over coats are thick, uncommonly long, and worn loose fitting. They weur tight trousers, combined with a sort of gai ters, the latter having leather inside and being khuki on the outside of the legs. The men are from Ohio, and nre college men, a good proportion be ing medical students." TRAFFIC COP HEADS CHOIR One of Denver's Leading Churches Honors Policeman at Elec tion of Officers. Denver, Colo. There are baseball evangelists like Billy Sunday, and train-robber evangelists like Al Jen nings, but, at thnt, the last place most of us expect to find a traffic cop is in a church choir. The choir of the Central Presbyte rian church of Denver, one of the largest congregations in the city, hns just held an election of officers. For president the choir chose William E. Wolf, traffic policeman. Wolf is one of the most active and popular mem bers of the choir. Also he is one of the leaders of the Marathon Young Men's Bible class of the Presbyterls church. WANT BISMARCK ST. TO BE FUNSTON AVE. Hu.tchlnson, sKan. Because the people living on Bismarck street here are patriotic, a peti tion la being prepared for sub mission to the city commission, asking that the name ' be changed to Funston nvenni W- I mm Their Care aid CuMvof iorv. V '. "A i ) r ' - j .is t - ,' , i A New Rose, the FIGHT INSECT PESTS ALWAYS By LIMA R. ROSE. For the little white fly, use sulpho- tnbucco soap according to the direc tions on the package. For rose bugs, in the evening place two or three ounces of quassia-chips (to be had of the druggist) In a pall, and fill with boiling water two or three gallons, ac cording to size of the pall. Let stand un'il next morning, then apply the liquid to the plant with a garden syringe, getting the tea on all sides of the foliage nnd stems. If the tea is applied hand-hot it will be more ef fective. A strong soapsuds made of nny good white sonp, if applied quite warm. Is discournging to the bug population, and is especially "good" for the green louse and the uphls. Bed spider affects the outdoor ns well as the indoor plants In droughty weather, nnd Is usually found on the under side of the foliage, causing the leaves to turn brown and to curl at the edges. If badly affected, strip the leaves from the plants and burn them. Kose plants will take no hurt from this method, but some plants ennnot stand being deleaved, and must be sponged with soapsuds, leaf by leaf, hand-hot. Frequent syringing the whole plant with clear water will keep down many pests. Asters suffer from root lice, which Invariably kill them In n short time, If undisturbed. These lice also uttaelc chrysanthemums, clematis nnd like plants. Where these pests are nt work there will be nnts also. To destroy the lice, draw the soil away from the roots nnd souk the earth with n solution of good soapy water or tobacco tea. The ants will leave, then the nphls are killed. Hand-picking seems the only remedy for the blister bug, and It must be at tended to several times a dny.' Some times a sprinkling with Persian dal miitinn powder will rout them, but only temporarily, ns It soon loses Its strength, and they will return. The insect powder must be showered on the plant with the powder gun which comes with the powder, nnd fresh powder used every time ; this will kill every bug It touches, but it must touch the bug. Jarring the plant or vine will cause the beetles to drop instnntly to the ground, and they must be stamped or beaten to death at once, or they will make off rapidly, only to return in an hour or so. Their season is July, August nnd the first half of September, and they nre The Massing of Shrubbery, Including Pines Adds to the Plcttir ' 9 &mm'ZZZ" , t , ' 1 is i JJb 4 - ii& 14 I I II-i t . . M 1 1 Its' i l t - lb K) 5 j beam Belmont-Tlffany. voracious euters, soon stripping the plant. In appearance they are long, slim, grayish black, the grown ones be ing an Inch in length. They soon ruin clematis, golden glow and muny other plants. LOOK OUT FOR THE BEETLE. BLACK Be on the lookout for the black beetle, which does such deadly work among the asters. Don't let a day go by without an inspection of your plants, for If he comes, and his lires- ence is not discovered nt once, he will nccomplish his fell purpose before you ure awnre. I have hnd plants ruined in a day by the ravages of this most destructive creature. As soon as one Is discov ered, prepnre nn infusion of sonp and kerosene after the following formula: Soap, one-half pound and a teucupfnl of kerosene. Shave the sonp finely nnd pour hot water over It. Set It on the stove to become liquid. When melted, bring it to a boll, and add the kerosene. Stir well until nn emulsion results. To one part of this emulsion ndd ten parts of water. Spray the plants all over with the mixture. If this Is used as soon as the first beetle puts In un nppenrnnce it will generully prevent others from coming. If they do come It will soon rout them, If you nre persistent in Its use und it is applied liberally. L. It. GARDEN WORK IN SEASON Do not be afraid to thin out your plants they must not be crowded, Probably more garden stuff has been ruined for want of being thinned ut the proper time than by any other cause. However that may be one of the most puzzling things for the beginner to find out Is whether nny particular vegetable should be thinned or trans planted, and how fur apart the plants should stand afterwards. He will get some help from the cata logues as to the distances, but wheth er he should transplant or thin, Is the kind of thing that Is not In the book. It requires a great deal of nerve to pull up and destroy the unnecessary seedling more nerve than the ama teur possesses. They say that a person never be comes a good gardener until he steels his nerve to this ruthless sacrifice. A vegetnble must have plenty of room to develop Its best size and flavor and one can take no pride In small or commonplace vegetables. The Baby Rambler is a good rose for veranda boxes. an It Docs Foliage, Flowering Plants and esqueness of This Place. i t ."2J'"""" ! r nt' tt. Combats Work of Agitators Among Foreigners NEW YORK. Mrs. T. D. M. Carflezn Is a little woman with a great mis slon. Through her recent' appointment as secretary to Mrs. Muriua K, Clark, chief Investigator of the bureau of industries and immigration, she It engaged in assisting the representa actunl census she Is the only employee of a state bureau In the government of the United States who presides over her own cnstlo In Europe. Mrs. Cnrdezn hns become a worklngwomnn with a regular Job, nnd sh la quite willing that you should call it that, because she believes that this Is the most effective way In which she can at present serve this country. In her work of assisting Mrs. Clark she travels from one great Industrial concern to another, addressing the men who work in the factories and assur ing them that if they go quietly about their business and do not engage in any unlawful acts or tuke part in gatherings whose intent Is hostile to this country they will be entirely safe and free from governmental molestation. "Poor, bewildered people," said Mrs. Cardezn, "it is necessary that we 6hould reach them before the agitators do. These foreign men and women need someone to tell them In their own languoge exactly what the president eald in his messnge. And It Is necessary that they should be approached by persons who understand not only the language but the point of view of the European peasnnt. "Nor is it only for their sakes that the state industrial commission Is sending us from one great plant to another to address these men In friendly fashion. It is equally important to this country. There are agitators here from their own countries who would incite them to engage In undertakings that might cause untold harm In the United States." Famous Horse's Last Days to Be Spent in Ease ST. LOUIS, MO. Chief, the sorrel horse driven for many years by Fire Chief Swingley before the automobile became the modern rtre vehicle, is assured of a grassy pasture and nothing to do but eat as 0Ji as he lives. For several years Chief has been pensioned by the city and was given his freedom in a pasture on Chesley Island. Recently Comptroller Nolte rented the Island fnrm to Earl W. Jones. Then Nolte faced the problem of what to do with Chief. Nolte went to the Island to bring bnck the city stock and equipment not purchnsed by Jones. The subject of Chief's pasturage was the last subject brought up. "Lenve the old horse here nnd I will keep him free of cost to the city as long as I live on the Island," Jones told Nolte. His offer was accepted immediately and the sentimental problem was solved. Chief Swingley bought Chief in 1804 at the National stock yards in East St. Louis and he became the official buggy horse for the chief. He galloped to oil fires with Chief Swingley for 14 years and was sent to the pasture about eight years ago. The fire chief never had an accident on the way to and from fires whllo Chief wns pulling his buggy. Chief absolutely refused to collide with a street car and either stopped or beat Chief Swingley frequently went to a thenter. When a fire alarm sounded his driver would drive to the theater and stop. Chief, apparently knowing his master was inside, would whinny and the chief Invariably answered promptly. Chief wns turned loose at fires nd loafed about all night, if necessary, but never did he leave until Chief Swingley returned to the buggy. Cat an Incorrigible "Nighthawk," Says Woman BALTIMORE. Among the things which the members of the Joint committee on police nnd Jail of the city council learned about cats recently, when a public hearing was given on an ordinance to tnx cats, 'was that It is as (J3(- pie awake. Destroy gardens. Piny with rats Instend of catching them. Dig seeds out of gardens as fast as they are planted. Kill birds. Carry germs nnd spread disease. The ladies who defended the rights of the "tabbies." however, did not see things in the same light as the the ordinance. Miss Nellie C. Wllllnms said germs on the bacTs of a cat than they have for not put a collar and a tag on a man's would you?" It seemed that the several score to say something in defense of the rights Woman Thinks Running BUFFALO. Don't crowd, gents. All may have a ride. She enjoys run ning it immensely, and doubtless will be on the Job for many months to come. If you will form in line nnd Mrs. May Tyrrell, Euffalo's first wom an elevator operator. She runs the electric elevator In the new Colonnade building In Pearl street, opposite St. Paul's church. "It's great fun," said Mrs. Tyrrell, slamming the ground-floor door. "There is no reason at all why women should not run ele floors, please? for It Is a congenial occupation and one that It not tiring. First floor I "It took me only a few minutes to lenrn, nnd yes, sir, you'll find the manager on the next floor and running nt least for a woman who is a beginner your step, please." There was nothing left to do but to step out. B. B. Burbnnk, mnnager of the Colonnade building, said that he engaged Mrs. Tyrrell because he hnd found would suit him. "They have elevator girls in New would try it out in Buffalo," he said. "It Is such a success that managers of one or two office buildings in Buffalo have been over here to see how practical it Is." , . TAKEN FROM EXCHANGES For residences in which rain water i miipoted In cisterns, a filter has been Invented that can be connected to an intake pipe. A recently patented traveling Dag unfolds so that, when two trays are lifted, every article of Its contents Is Immediately available. in Denmark there is a two-story pig sty that will accommodate 1,500 ani mals and in which nearly all the work dno by electricity. m ri'" 777 l i rr., f ' tives of the New York state Industrial commission in carrying the assuring message of President Wilson, thnt no ono who obeys the Inw will be inter fered with, to the great colonies of workmen subjects of the central Euro, penn powers who are settled in New York. Mrs. Cnrdezn, who is tho wife of a prominent Phllndelphlan, is probnbly the wenlthiest worklngwomnn In New York, and it Is snfo to say without an the car across the crossing. impossible to keep a cat in at night as It Is to keep in a man. Miss Mary Shearer of the Society for the Pre vention of Cruelty to Animals made this statement. It was in reply to statements by some men who .favored the ordlnnnce that cats should be kept In at night and not permitted to keep the populace awake. Some of the knowledge obtained by the committee was : Cats howl at night and keep peo. men who urged a favorable report on have no more affection for the fur the mustache of a man. "You would neck because be wore a-mustache, women who were present all wanted of the felines. Elevator Is "Great Fun" wait your turn, we will now introduce an elevator is a pleasant sensation at it. I know that top floor, watch trouble in getting nn elevator boy that York and Chicago, so I thought I Flexible lath for many building pur poses hns been patented, that is com posed of wire cloth,, coated with brick clay. The Hebrew Instrument made of the horn of a ram, sometimes of an ox, has been usually translated "trumpet," but "cornet" Is the more proper transla tion. Through activities of the Brooklyn City Mission society, more than 300,000 persons not reached by Protestant churches of Brooklyn were drawn last year Into relation with Christianity.