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13 T Arty He's thct general in command of the first division, of Ameri can soldiers that has gone to the rescue of heroic France i flftXHWX to his mi'ti variously as JJC "Fighting John," "Kitchener" J ivi-shiug iiml "llluek Jack," tho lima who ciiiniiiiinds the lii-sr American division In France is the Ideal typo of American soldier. The grim Hues of lii mouth Indicate tho qualities which have iiiaili' liiiu successful in war. The Pershing Hulle when it Illumines his jure hints of those other qualities whleh have endeared him even to Ids foes. Major General Pershing lie won his two stars for the eonilurt of the expe dition Into Mexico Is n chivalrous sol dier, lie Is the type who lights relent lessly until lie has hen ten his enemy nud then helps him. Ills fellow offi cers say that he attained his present rank because he "soldiered hard," and It is a pretty good sign that he has fairly won his rank when he Is so gen erally well thought of hy the cflicers, over the heads of 8(KJ of whom he wns advanced from the grade of captain to that of brigadier general by President Koosevelt. The Ideal American Soldier. General Pershing begun to lie the Ideal soldier on the day he entered the United States Military academy at West Point, lie graduated as senior endet captain, which Is the highest rank which can he attained at the academy. He was Immediately appointed sec ond lieutenant in the Sixth cavalry and, under Gen. Nelson A. Miles, plung ed Into the thick of the lighting against the Apaches. He had not been In the Rnddle a full year when General Miles complimented him in orders for "marching his troop, with pack train, over rough country, 140 miles In 40 hours, bringing in every man and ani mal In good condition." In Mexico General Pershing more than lived tip to the record of n dash ing cavalry leader which he establish ed as a socond lieutenant In 1SS7. The campaigns against Geronimo taught Pershing his first lessons in real war. The kind of fighting lie learned ffom the Apache and Sioux campaigns stood him In good stead when he tackled the Morns. How modern armies fight, or did fight previous to the present war, he learned In Cuba and as military attache nnd observer with the Japanese armies In their war against Russia. In 18S!) the young Lieutenant Per shing won commendation again from General Miles when, as commander of Troop A of the Sixth cavalry, he took ten men, rescued a band of cowboys who hd been captured hy one hundred hostile Indians, raptured a number of horse thieves who were among the In dians, and returned with his party to Tort Wlngate, without having fired a shot, lost a single man or Killed nn Indian. That is typical of the man. He Is the true American soldier. Me does not kill when he enn win with out It. The experience Pershing gained lighting Geronimo nnd other Apache chiefs caused him to bp sent to the rakntns In command of the Sioux scouts in the wnrs against the rebel lious Sioux. After this period of fight ing he became military instructor In the 1'nlverslty of Nebraska, where he took the degree of LL.R., and In the early nineties he was sent to West Point as an Instructor. Valor at El Caney. When the Spanish-American war he ran the young lieutenant became res tive nnd begged to be sent back to the line. He was assigned to a negro regiment and won commendation In orders for his work at Kl Caney. A more substantial reward for his valor came, after he was sent to the Philip pines, In the form of a captain's com mission. 9 It was In the Philippines tlint "Black Jack" Pershing did his greatest work and won glory for himself and the American army. A little more than ten years ago the United States faced a tremendous problem In the Philip pines. Almost Incessant warfare had existed between Christians and Mos lems In the archipelago since Magellan was slain during the voyage in which Europeans first circumnavigated the globe. Spaniards, British and Ameri cans so far had failed to settle the problem. Its entire weight was shift ed to tho lirond shoulders of the then Captain Pershing and he straightened under the l'urdou and carried It to the end. In 1S99 he became adjutant general, executive olllcer of the department of Mindanao and Jolo, In this capacity he studied the Morog and the Moro IW'olilem. He tried in every honorable way to conciliate, the native chiefs and Judges or dattos, but the Morns would not take the word of a white man. Later they learned that Pershing's word was never broken. Finally, after studying the question from every possible viewpoint, he de cided that the only way to subdue tho natives was to prosecute a campaign against them. Washington coincided with this view nnd Pershing went into the Jungle. Every foot of the way, through mud dy roads little better than Jungle trails, where guns nnd caissons sometimes sank hub deep and had to be raised by planks and levers; through insect In fested forests, In an atmosphere fraught with fever nnd malaria, he had to fight against crazed Mohamme dan warriors, who believed that to die slaying Christians Insured them of n life In heaven with n white horse to ride und beautiful houris to wait upon them. Against odds like this the expedition fought and cut Its way to the Lake Lanno country, where the Moros hnd gathered in force. At Bayan Captain Peishlng gave the rebels their first taste of American lighting. The battle resulted In a bril liant tactical victory for our troops, and the expedition pressed forward. Destroyed 40 Forts. The sultan of Macolod, one of the most powerful of the native rulers, re fused to surrender. With a battalion of Infnntry, n squadron of cavalry and a section of guns Pershing moved against him nnd threatened to demol ish his fort unless he gave In. The sultan was defiant. He dreamed that his stronghold wns Impregnable. In two days It was a memory nnd the American troops had received upon their bayonets the last maddened charge of the Moro bnnd. The Ameri cans had two men wounded. One after the other 40 Moro forts fell under Pershing's assaults and the island of Mindanao was at pence, two Americans having lost their lives. Then the Pershing smile succeeded the fighting grimness of his face and the Moros became his friend. They made a datto of him and they submit ted to his judgment In their legal dis putes, nnd the United States made him military governor of the department. For this work he was advanced to the grade of brigadier general, although S02 officers had priority over him. For a time Pershing wns relieved of his Philippine duties because of 111 health, but the Moros of Jolo continued to make trouble nnd he was sent hnek to subdue them as he had the rebels of Mindanao. It was a bigger task, and one Hie magnitude of which has seldom confronted n regular army offi cer except in time of actual war. Pershing picked a command of men every one of whom he knew down to the Inst private. He loved them all as children nnd they loved him as "Black Jack" and "Fighting John" Pershing. There wasn't a man under him whose face the general didn't know and whom he could not call by name. The Moros men, women and chil dren hnd taken refuge and fortified themselves in the crnter of Bud Dajo, an extinct volcano, on the Island of Jolo. Pershing announced to his men that he was going to drive the rebels out of the crater If It took ten years to do it. There were 600 Moros, everyone of them imbued with the faith that each Christian he slew would be his slave In the Moro heaven, lurking under the rim of the big hole In the top of the mountain. Guerrilla Warfare. The addition of a band of Filipino scouts brought the American forces up to about one thousand men. Every Inch of the way from the shore of the Island they had to fight against the hidden enemy. Outposts were stabbed In the night by naked savages, who wriggled through the tall grass without a sound. Pickets nnd pntrolllng parties were fallen upon nnd slain by beast-men, who swung from the branches of tropi cal trees and palms like panthers, but the relentless column cut its way fur ther and further toward the heart of the Moro stronghold and at last spread In a thin circle around the base of the ancient volcano. Several times reconnoiterlng parties of American troops crawled to the rim of the crater and observed the dlsposi- rr m Hi WILSON MAKES PLEA PRESIDENT ASKS MANUFAC TURERS AND MINE OWNER8 TO BACK U. 8. IN WAR. TOLD TO FORGET PRICES President Declares Victory or Defeat Depend on Price Denounces Dollar Patriot Everyone . Must Make Sacrifice. tlon nnd numbers of the Moros without being seen. At Inst General Pershing announced thnt If the Moros did not surrender within four days he would storm the position. Two days later ninety of the men enme down the side of the mountain and surrendered. Hunger had shattered even Moslem fanntlclstn, nnd thoughts of heaven had given away before the pangs of empty stom achs. They were disarmed and set at liberty. The same afternoon ITX) more, men and women Both, straggled Into camp and gnve themselves up. By nightfall almost five hundred of the Moros had thrown themselves on the mercy of the Americans. When the Four Days Were Up. At the end of the four days General Pershing ordered nn advance. The crater Itself was found to be deserted, but n band of almost one hundred men had hidden In the Jungle. They tried to break through the cordon of troops on the east side of the mountain, and so fierce wns the fighting that Captain Barber was wounded by a shot fired so close to his body that It burned his clothing. Those of the hand who were not killed were driven back Into the crater. and although they attempted several times in the night to break through the line, not n man escaped. All the available troops surrounded tne piece of Jungle In which the Moros were hiding, nnd It was only a question of time before they would be annihilated. At this juncture an aged datto ap pealed to General Pershing, declaring that he could persuade the rebels to surrender. Always willing to spare bloodshed where It was possible, Per shing told him to do his best, but made It perfectly plnin that the sur render must be unconditional. For two hours the datto paced back and forth In the jungle calling in the native dialect to his people. At last they answered and he persuaded them to surrender. Only forty-five were left. They marched down the moun tainside nnd laid down their arms, sev eral automatic pistols among them, nnd were sent to Jolo, where they went aboard the cutter Samar and were taken to Zamboanga and spent some time In the Calnrinn prison. It broke the back of the Moro pow er in the Philippines. The dattos nev er became a menace again. ' Became Major General. In January, 1916, hnving endeared himself alike to the hearts of the Fili pinos and Americans In the islands, General Pershing returned to the Unit ed States and was placed In command of the Eighth brigade of the regular army, with headquarters at El Paso. There he remained until the Villa raid on Columbus, N. M., when President Wilson placed him In command of the flying punitive expedition Into Mexico. Thnt this expedition did not turn out to be more punitive was not General Pershing's fault. General Pershing was under orders and In communication with the war de partment all the time, and the way lu which he handled the Mexican problem met with the full approval of President Wilson. Pershing can be a diplomatist as well as a soldier. General Pershing's men regard him In the most kindly manner. Were he in command of French troops they would doubtless call him "Papa" Per shing, as they do the great marshal of France, but he is over American boys, and to them there Is more endearment In the terms "Black Jack" and "Fight ing John." ; CONDENSATIONS Thousands of Mohammedans know the Koran by henrt. Vienna reported n saving of $142,000 worth of gas under last year's new time schedule. A Frenchman has obtained a patent for a process of bleaching and drying seaweed for packing purposes. A substitute for cement, used In some parts of Turkey consists of a mixture of linseed uil, sluked lime and cotton filter. A process has been discovered in Japan by which silkworms may be cultured ten times a yenr instead of twice, as usual, and better silk pro duced. What Is believed to be the most dur able highways In the world hnve been made In France of a concrete com posed of 'ron shavings, - cement and sand. Chippendale furniture was mnde In England. The original pieces were made by Thomas Chippendale about 17"l)-70. Genuine Chippendale brings hl.:h prVes. .t there is little to be la.'.. ' " There are 14,000 acres of land apart from public gardens, lying Idle In London. When keeping the yolks of eggs for a day or two, drop them In a little cold water. It will prevent hardening. More than 00 per cent of the alcohol and alcoholic drinks that are made in the Philippines are derived from the sap of palm trees. An undercovering of cotton flannel or felt, made to fit the dining table, is desirable. It prevents noise, and the cloth may be laid more smoothly. American toilet goods are Increasing In popularity In the far East. France and England, the former suppliers, have been unable to make shipments recently. The town of Peterhof, 18 miles from Petrograd, was founded in 1711 by Pe ter the Great. The Imperial palace there Is built In Imitation of the fa mous palace at Versailles. There were 15.500 tons of mangrove bark, valued at $931,483, Invoiced at the American consulate at Lourenco Marques, Portuguese East Africa, for the United States during 1910, aga'nst 10,830 tons, valued at $468,162 fo 1915. Color Glass by Heat. A process has been perfected In France for applying colors to glass by heat, so that stained glass win dows can be made without fastening many pieces of glass of different hues together. Rabbit Has No Protection. The game laws in 28 of our states, including Alaska, do not protect the rabbits. Most farmers refuse to pro tect the rabbit, whose "taking ways" have proved annoying. Washington, President Wilson ap' pealed to the country's business In terests Wednesday to put unI.Iu every selilsh consideration and to give thel aid to the nation as freely as those who go to offer their lives on tho bat llelield. In a statement addressed to the coal operators and manufacturers he gave assurance that Just prices will he pah by the government and the public Uur lag the war, but warned that no at tempt to extort unusual profits will be toleruted. The president's statement follows "The government Is about to attempt to determine the prices at which will ask you henceforth to furnish va Hous supplies which are necessary for the prosecution of the war, nnd varl ous materials which will be needed In the Industries by which the war imiRt he sustained. We shall, of course, try lo determine them justly and to the best advantage of the nation as whole; but Justice Is easier to speak of than to arrive at, and there are some considerations which I hope we shall keep steadily In mind while this particular problem of Justice Is being worked out. Promise Just Price. "Therefore I take the liberty of stating very candidly my own view of the situation and of the principles which should guide both the govern ment nnd the mine owners and man tifacturers of the country In this dif ficult matter. A Just price must, of course, be paid for everything the government buys. By a Just price I mean a price which will sustain the Industries con cerned In a high state of efficiency, provide a living for those who con duct them, enable them to pny good wnges, and make possible the ex pansions of their enterprises which will from time to time become neces sary as the stupendous undertakings of this great war develop. Must Face the Facts. "We could not wisely or reasonably do less than pay such prices. They are necessary for the maintenance atyl development of Industry, and the maintenance nnd development of In dustry are necessary for the great task we have In hand. "But I trust thnt we shall not sur round the matter with a mist of sen timent. Facts are our masters now. We ought not to put the acceptance of such prices on the ground of patri otism." "Patriotism has nothing to do with profits in n case like this. Patriotism nnd profits ought never in the present circumstances be mentioned together. "It is perfectly proper to discuss profits as a mutter of business, with a view to maintaining the integrity of capital and the efficiency of labor in these tragical months, when the lib erty of free men everywhere and of Industry Itself trembles in the bal ance; but it would be absurd to dis cuss them as a motive for helping to serve and save our country. "Patriotism leaves profits out of the question. In these days of our su preme trial, when we are sending hun dreds of thousands of our young men across the seas to serve a great cause, no true man who stays behind to work for them and sustain them by his labor will ask himself what he Is personally going to make out of that labor. "No true patriot will permit himself to take toll of their heroism In money or seek to grow rich by the shedding of their blood. He will give as freely and with as unstinted self-sacrifice as they. When they are giving their lives, will he not at least give his money? Assail "Bribery." "I hear it Insisted that more tlmn a Just price, 'more than a price that will sustain our Industries, must be paid ; that it Is necessary to pay very liberal and unusual profits In order to 'stimulate production; that nothing but pecuniary rewards will do re wards paid In money, not In the mere liberation of the world. "I take it for granted thnt those who argue thus do not stop to think what that means. "Do they mean that you must be paid, must be bribed, to make your contribution, a contribution that costs you neither a drop of blood nor a tear, when the whole world Is In travnll and men everywhere depend upon and call to you to bring them out of bondage and make the world a fit place to live In again, amidst peace and justice? "Do they mean that you will exact a price, drive a bargain, with the m who are enduring the agony of thl war on the battlefields, In the trenchen amidst the lurking dangers of the veil, or with the bereaved women and piti ful children, before you will come for ward to do your duty and give soini part of your life, In easy, peaceful fashion, for (lie things we are fight ing for, the things we hnve pledged our fortunes, our lives, our mered hon or to vindicate and defend liberty and Justice and fair dealing and tho peace of nations? "of course you will not. It I In conceivable. Your patriotism In of the some self-denying stuff ns the pa triotism of the men dead or maimed on tho fields of France, or else" It Is not patriotism at all. Full Dollar1 Worth. "Let us never speak, then, of profits and of patriotism In the same sen tence, but face facts and meet them. Let us do sound business, but not in the midst of a mist. "Many a grievous burden of taxa tion will be laid on this nation, In this generation and In the next, to pay for this war; let us see to It that for every dollar that Is taken from tho people's pockets It shall be possible to obtain a dollar's worth of the sound stuff they need. "Let me turn for a moment to the ship owners of the United States and the o'.her ocean carriers whose ex ample they have followed, and ask them If they realize what obstacles. what almost Insuperable obstacles, they have been putting In the way of tl' successful prosecution of this war by the ocean freight rates they have been exacting. Making War a Failure. They are doing everything that high freight charges can do to make the war a failure, to make It Impossible. "I do not say that they realize this or Intend It. The tiling has hnpiened naturally enough because the commer cial processes which we are content to see operate In ordinary times hnve without sufficient thought been con tinued Into a period where they hava no proper place. "I am not questioning motives. I am merely stating a fact, and stating It In order that attention may be fixed upon It. The fact Is that those who have fixed war freight rntes have taken the most effective means In their power to dKeat the armies engaged against Ger many. When they realize this we may, I take It for granted, count upon them to reconsider the whole mntter. It Is high time.' Their extra hazards are covered by war risk Insurance. Warning Is Sounded. T know, and you know, what re sponse to this grent challenge of duty and of opportunity the nation will ex pect of yotj; and I know what re sponse you will make. "Those who do not respond, who do not respond In the spirit of those who have gone to give their lives for us on bloody fields far away, may safely be left to be dealt with by opinion and the law for the law must, of course, command those things. j "I am dealing with the matter thus publicly and frankly, not because I have any doubt or fear as to the result but , only In order thnt in all our thinking ; nnd In all our dealings with one an- j other we may move In a perfectly clear ! air of mutual understanding. Must Have Same' Prices. j "And there is something more thnf we must add to our thinking. The i ublic is now as much a part of the 1 government as are the nrmy and navy themselves; the whole people In all their activities are now mobilized nnd n service for the accomplishment of the nation's task In this war; it Is ; a such circumstances impossible Just- 1 to distinguish between Industrial purchases mnde by the government j and Industrial purchases made by the managers of Industries, and It Is Just ! as much our duty to sustain the Indus- trials of the country with all the In- j dustrles that contribute to Its life as It Is to sustain our forces In the field , and on the sea. j Think Not of Self. "We must make prices to the pub- ! 11c the same as the prices to the gov- eminent. Prices mean the same thing . everywhere now. They mean the effi- clency or the inefficiency of the na- tlon, whether It Is the government that ! pays them or not. They mean victory ! or defeat. They mean thnt America 1 will win her place once for all among the foremost free nations of the world or that she will sink to defeat and be come a second-rate power alike In thought and In action. This Is a day of her reckoning and every man among us must personally face that reckoning along with her. "The case needs no arguing. I as sume that I am only expressing your own thoughts what must be In the mind of every true man when he faces the tragedy and the solemn glory of the present war, for the emancipation of mankind. "I summon you to a great duty, a great privilege, a shining dignity and distinction. I shall expect every man who Is not a slacker to be at my side throughout this great enterprise. In It no man can win honor who thinks of himself." AID IIATIVEALASKAIISl IIOME ECONOMICS . STUDY ESSENTIAL Uncle Sam's Agents Seek to Im five Living Conditions. Introduce Sanitary Method of Pr serving Fish and Berries, Chief Cource of Food Supply. In addition to maintaining schools for the native children In Alaska, Uncle Sam's bureau of education Is continuing its endeavors In behalf of the entire native communities by ex tending medical relief, by maintaining sanitary methods of living In the vll lages, by promoting tho Industries con' ducted by the natives and by rellev Ing destitution. Kxperts of the burenu say that much of tho sickness prevailing among thu nntlves of Alaska Is caused hy tho eat lng of food which has not been prop erly prepared. The waters of Alaska teem with fish, and wild berries grow In profusion throughout Its vast area but In many villages, according to tho ancient practice, it Is said, fish for win ter use are dried In the sun, crudely smoked or burled In tho earth, while the berries are preserved In oil. In or der to replace these primitive moth' ods, bureau officials have sent some canning outfits for use In preserving fish and meat, ns well as berries nnd vegetables, to three of the largest vll lages. It Is hoped that the use of such outfits will become general. Those experts of the bureau who make a specialty of this Alaskan work say that one of the most effective agencies for the advancement la civili zation of a native village is the es tnbllslimetit In It of a co-operative store owned by the natives and man aged by them, under the supervision of a teacher of one of Uncle Sam'3 public schools. It Is said that these stores result In the securing of articles of food and clothing at equitable prices, the division among the natives themselves of profits which would oth' erwlse go to a white trader, and In the acquiring by the nntlves of solf-conlV dence nnd experience In business af fairs. The bureau experts say that It is most encouraging to note the ability which the natives have shown In con ducting these enterprises. According to one' of the experts, who has looked closely into this work, the Income of one of the villages has increased 150 per cent because of the establishment of one of these co-operative stores, For some time past there has been a policy on the part of the govern ment to set aside carefully selected tracts to which large numbers of na tives can be attracted, and within which, secure from the Intrusion of un scrupulous white men, the natives can obtain fish nnd gnme and conduct their own Industrial nnd commercial enter prises. One of the latest tracts to be so set aside wns thu t on the Kobuk river, which was made In compliance with the urgent request of the natives on Kotzebue sound, who wished to mi grate from the village which had been their home from time immemorial, due, it is said, to the fact that life in It had become Increasingly difficult, the de velopment of mining nnd the Influx of white men having resulted In the kill ing off of game animals and In great scarcity of fuel. Within their new res ervation on the shores of the remote Arctic river these natives can secure nn abundant supply of fish, game and timber, nnd can build up a new village for themselves. St. Peter Has Enrolled as a Soldier of the Sea Adding one more name to the list of versatile fighting men, St Peter became a member of the United States Marine corps at Washington. St. Peter, whose modern prefix happens to be Le roy William, dropped in from Chicago to enlist Other new recruits, who prom ise to be excellent warriors, if names count for anything, are George Washington, Grant, Sheridan, Sherman, Tommy At kins, Jesse James and Julius Caesar. Caesar, who halls from Brook lyn, Is so young that It was nec essary to get his mother's con sent before he could enlist In the Marine corps. Despite his ex treme youth, It Is predicted that Julius may yet prove to be "the noblest Roman of them all." Every Woman Now Needs Work ing Knowledge of Subject, Says Uncle Sam. SCHOOLS URGED TO ASSIST Asked to Extend Scope of Their Regu lar Classes and Provide Exten sion Service for Those Living In Cities, Asphalt Found by Accident. Asphalt with which so many roads are paved, was found by accident. Many years ago, in Switzerland, nat ural rock asphalt was discovered, and for more than a century It was used for the purpose of extracting the rich stores of bitumen it contained. Anatomy and Friendship. "My dear," said the host to his wife as he started to carve the leg of lamb, "can't yon give Mrs. Brown anything better than this cold meat?" "Oh," cried Mrs. Brown, "that's all right so long as it is cold leg and not cold shoulder." The Christian Herald. For Language Students. By a Frenchman's Invention as a language student hears a word spoken by a phonograph ha also sees It appear on a printed roll in conjunction with its translation In his own tongue. Expected to, at Least. It is in part because we have to pay for it that we value the advice of a physician more than the advice of a friend. Louisville Courier-Journal. Gingham for Collar Sets. One of the newest collar and cuff sets is checked gingham, cut on tailored lines, without trimming of any kind. Gingham has also been used In a smart mannish vestee of striped brown and white, made with a high col lar and tailored black bow. A Matter of Interest. The Sick Doctor -When I am dead I want a careful autopsy made. Ob serve the liver especially it will Inter est me greatly to know what really Is the matter with It. CITY BOY HAS MADE GOOD Member of United State Working Reserve "Do Their Bit" on Farm In Varioua Part of Country. Colleges, universities and normat schools of the country have an oppor tunity to render the nation a big serv ice by instructing the women of the country In homo economics, lu tho opinion of experts in Undo Sam's bu reau of education. Suggestions for carrying forward this work are mado In the following statement, Issued by the bureau: "There are nt present unusual oppor tunities fur service by home economics departments nnd by all women who have received or are now receiving homo economics Instruction. Now, ns never before, every woman needs a working knowledge of borne economics, hence food classes in hon;e economics should be opened to nil woman stu dents. Enrollment In these will neces sitate concessions and adjustments by other departments In the institutions. In these food classes which probably should be lecture rather than labora tory classes special attention should be given to diet requirements for main tenance of health and efficiency; meth ods of eliminating all waste from the household, and more Intelligent use of the more nhnndnnt foods for those which are either scarce or of better keeping qualities. "Inevitably there will be need during nil of the next few years of soup kit chens, free school lunches and other forms of community feeding. A few weeks or months of Intensive study of the, special problems connected with handling larger quantities Df food will prepare a number of women already trained In dietetics for this work. Sum mer schools mny well offer such courses, and grant advanced credits If this seems desirable. Extension Service for Women. "Extension service for 'women living In cities Is as much needed as Is the work now being done by the agricultu ral department for the wives of farm ers, workers for this service should he prepared by the Institutions for higher education. These women need to be well trained In economics and so ciology as well as In home economics, and should be urged to volunteer for this extension type of work. "Extra clnsses, giving several hours dally to practical Instruction in the home care of the sick, should be or ganized for nil woman students, and the most recent knowledge concerning the care of Infants and children should he available to them. This Is of especial Importance for various rea sons. If war comes upon American territory, the well-trained graduate nurse will be called to war hospitals, nd the ordinary nursing of home sick ness will devolve upon home women. In addition to this duty will be the care of returned convalescent wound ed. If large numbers of the strong and turdy men are to give their lives for our nation, then the conservation of child life and health assumes aspects of such great Importance that every woman should be required to obtain an adequate knowledge of child care. Work for Summer Schools. "Normal schools, colleges and uni versities can, during their summer schools, train women to instruct in Bed Cross sewing, In order that the public-school sewing of next yenr may be most effectively executed. In addi tion to this, courses designed to pre pare teachers to Instruct in the re modeling of garments will be timely. "One of the great services women can render Is In the saving of the na tion's supply of food nnd clothing. Spe cial short courses in the study of the condition of national supply of house hold material, needed economics, and the soclologlc and economic effect of women's activities should be offered. "If the demands of this type of serv ice were to be but temporary, special consideration would not be so neces sary; but under the most favorable termination of actual warfare, the need of conservation of health, of great food economies, of sympathetic service to the sick and to those in poverty will continue to demand consideration." Weatherproof Coat. For the woman who must brave the elements and travel under rain as well as shine, there are extremely smart models which are known as weather- Selfishness. The word selfishness is said to be only 200 years old, but the thing it self dates back to the Harden of Eden, when Adam tried to hide behind the skirts of Eve before she had any.-. Flordin Times-Union. proof walking coats. These generally boast of a big collar that will open or close at will, and large pockets and a detachable belt, and have the advan tage over other similar coats of being rainproof. They are carried out In several attractive materials and art sure to prove popular. Lamb Production. Grazing experts of the forest serf Ice 'estimate that the cost of producing lambs in the Northwestern stute U ih&2 per "bead. According to reports reaching Un cle Sam's department of labor, the city boy has made good on the farm. More than 20,000 boys have gone into the country to do their bit These boys are enrolled In the United States Boys' Working reserve. To join the reserve a boy must be sixteen and prove him self physically fit. From New York city alone, accord ing to word from Arthur F. Payne, act ing state director of the Boys' reserve, nearly 2,000 boys were sent out "with out a single complaint from the farm ers in regard to these boys." "Our great difficulty," says Mr. Payne, "Is in supplying the farmers with the number of boys they need," Similar reports were received from Pennsylvania, Connecticut, New Jer sey and other utes. Transparent Brown Hats Are Chlo. Notwithstanding her traditional at tachment for her broad-brimmed black picture hat of mallne or silk velvet satin or velour, the Frenchwoman of 1917 has discovered that far more be coming and a great deal more pictur esque is the transparent brown hat, trimmed with paradise, with ethereal bows of tulle or silk illusion or bound only with narrow brown velvet ribbon. Golden brown hats are seen on the very smartest women In Paris now. In New Toik, too, they are beginning to TO USE WIRELESS TELEPHONY Engineer and Scientist Working for Uncle Sam Develop New Mean of Communication. Experiments with wireless telephony have proved Its practical value to such an extent that It will be used by the navy in its war operations along with wireless telegraphy. A statement Issued by Uncle Sam's public Information committee saya that engineers and scientists working with officials of the navy in develop ing the wireless telephone have made "Important progress," but does not go into details. The national research council and the naval consulting Doard have devoted much attention to the subject, working on telephone commu nication with airplanes, new wireless methods and apparatus for detecting me presence or suomarmes. find favor, and It Is only remarkable, that no one has -thought to exploit them before. Child's Love of Music. When a child has shown sufficient interest In music to wish to hear it he should certainly be allowed to try and Imitate what he has heard, and to create music for himself. Some times a child of four or five shows more love for music than one double tbat age. If they desire to listen and to learn, age makes littie difference.