THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CELINA, OHIO
How Our 5ecre
sill nations engaged in the
great war now have elab
orate spy systems:: It is a
phase of military work as
i sie fiietnrv " Yt rt I'M
and "Rebel" scouts of both It
sexes were noted for thctr
daring fifty odd years ago h
CHE use of spies In wur Is us
old uh war Itself. The mod
ern Cienimn elaboration of
espionage, In time of peace
as well as wur, among
neutrals as well ns enemies,
In rather a reversion to type
tluin n step In progress, says
j ii wnier in me rnnntieipiun
Record. Joshua and Solomon employed
fples. The Hebrew peregrluntlonM to
reach the promised lund required lufor
matlon concerning regions and peoples
to be Invaded. One Caleb was the chief
spy of b corps that wus nent to learn
of the fertility and the military
strength of the land of Caiman. After
JO days of espionage they reported
that It was a land of milk and honey
and fruit, but that the cities were for
tified and the people were strong, some
of them being giants.
The Greeks rather prided themselves
on the cleverness of their spies.
The Itomuus, If we are to take their
own word for It, were Incapable of
stooping to the baseness of common
spying r studied treachery ofany sort
When Abraham Lincoln, president
elect. In his address on Washington's
Mrthday, ISfil, at Independence hull. In
reply to the mayor of Philadelphia,
hinted In a single clause that he might
not live to be Inaugurated, he had been
informed, through John Allen Plnker
ton, of the plot to take his life at llul
tlmore. He left on an earlier train,
and did not stop at that city. The
United States at that time had no se
cret service organization. Hut a sys
tem for obtaining military Informa
tion In the Southern states was estab
lished early In the war by General Mc
Clellan, and from this developed the
federal secret service, which was
throughout the war In chnrge of the
original PInkerton under the mime of
MuJ. E. J. Allen.
America's Secret Service.
PInkerton, gaining some reputation
by ruuning down a gang of counter
felters, had been appointed deputy
sheriff of Cook county, Illinois, with
ofBce8 in Chicago. He won more fame
by getting the thieves and nearly all
the loot of a $700,000 theft from the
aafes of the Adams Express company.
In 1852 he established the PInkerton
National Detective agency. And per
haps It Is only Just to say that Pinker
ton saved Lincoln for the presidency
and thereby saved the Union.
Important figures In the secret serv
ice work of the Civil wur were news
pnper reporters, scouts and women.
The newspaper men did not have the
semiofficial and perfunctory status that
they have In this war. They had to
assume the disguises and pretenses of
real Rples to get material they were
Supposed to get, and then send It un
inspired and also uncensored. They
were frequently arrested and Impris
oned and took mnny of the same risks
that the military spies did. This was
especially true of the early part of the
war, and the seceding period preced
ing, when they followed the movements
leading to the war und mingled with
legislators at the Southern capitals.
Scouts, who ore ordinarily In uniform
and treated as regular prisoners of
War when captured, did much service
under such commanders as Mosby and
Young quite after the manner of spies,
and they were hanged when caught.
The most notable female spies were
not professional secret service agents,
but were residing In one section and !
holding their sympathies with the oth
er, and acted primarily through strong
Inefficiency During Civil War.
Besides the spy activities at home,
tne Confederate states had an Impor
tant secret service work In Europe.
English sympathy was enlisted on their
Bide, arrangements were made for
bulling cruisers at Bordeaux, English
Ironworkers were sent to the South.
When the army of the Potomac, aft
er long delay and preparation, began
Its advance in October, 1861, McClel
lan's orders had been given in entire
ignorance of the topography of the en
virons of Edward's Ferry (all the maps
being inexact), and of the force of the
enemy In front of Leesburg. In spite
of the efforts of PInkerton, at that
time the secret service organization
was entirely Inefficient. Fighting units
thought to be within supporting dis
tance of each other were crushed with
out the knowledge of the Intended sup
porters. The South had the advantage
of familiarity with their own country.
There were no airplanes to guide the
VALUE OF STYLE
Don't Mix Types When Planning
Your Home If You Seek
BEST ErFECTS IN SIMPLICITY
There was great need of
However, some historians attribute
McClellnn's failure to win the decisive
results that were open tp him at Antle
tam to the mistaken reports of the
great preponderance of numbers In
Lee's army thut were received from
the secret sen-Ice organization. Me
Clellnn seemed inclined to use the
agency too much to learn the strength
of the enemy and too little to learn Its
Operation of Women Spies.
Miss Van Llew, a resident of Rich
mond. Va., rendered invaluable service
to the Union causa, and Mrs. Green
how was equally valuable to the Con
federacy as a spy in Washington. Mrs.
Greenhow had been a leader In Wash
ington society before the war. "She
was a Southerner by birth, but a resi
dent of the capital from girlhood; a
widow, beautiful, accomplished,
wealthy, and noted for her wit and
her forceful personality." Her wide
acquaintance among Important men
was used to good advantage to further
the Southern cause. Though suspect
ed by the Federal authorities, she con
trived many Ingenious ways to escape
their vigilance. Jefferson Davis suld
to her: "But for you there would
hove been no battle of Bull Run."
That defeat of the North was supposed
to have been largely due to her getting
a copy of the order to General Mc
Dowell and sending It to Beauregard.
She whs drowned at the niouth of Cape
Fenr river, North Carolina, in her at
tempt to land from the blockade run
ner Condor, after some secret mission
to England in behalf of the Confed
eracy. Weighted by her heavy black
silk dress and a bag of gold sovereigns,
she was an easy victim of the waves.
We have the word of the adjutant
general's office of the war department
that women spies were never shot dur
ing the Civil war.
Secret Stations and Ciphers.
The Army and Navy Journal says
that the greater part of the information
thut wus received at Washington from
Richmond was collected and trans
mitted by Miss Van Llew, through a
chain of five secret stations established
by' her for forwarding her cipher dis
patches. "She was a woman of forty,
of delicate figure, brilliant, accomplish
ed, resolute a woman of great person
ality and Infinite charm." She held In
Richmond a special position corre
sponding to that of Mrs. Greenhow in
Washington. Jenny LInd sang In her
parlor and Poe there read aloud his
"Raven." This house was the rendez
vous of the Federal secret agents, and,
there, in her "secret room," were con
cealed escuped union prisoners. Miss
Von Llew even hod the audacity to
get a negro girl devoted to her Inter
ests introduced as a waitress into the
home of Jefferson Davis. Though her
Northern sympathies were well known
and she was constantly suspected, no
evidence against her sufficient to
cause her arrest was ever obtained.
Mrs. Surratt was condemned and
hanged for participation in the Lincoln
assasslnatkxi plot. Her home had been
a regular meeting place for conspira
tors, end her son among them, and
Payne, who attempted to kill Seward,
was on his way to the Surratt rendez
vous when arrested.
Belle Boyd was the siren spy of the
South. The daughter of a Virginia
merchant, "blue eyed, sharp featured,
quick tempered and very free," she
easily attracted the young officers and
learned how to get information and
get it across the border without de
tection. She rode a spirited horse and
carried a revolver in her belt. Not sat
isfied with her Individual efforts, she
organized a corps of spies of her own
Vlrginl women lighted many a sig
nal lamp by the garret windows, and
honest-looking corsages and Innocent
looking bustles carried many a military
Scout Spies of the North.
"Archie" Rowland wus one of the
most daring and successful scout spies
of the Northern side. He and his pals
formed the nucleus of Sheridan's se
cret service organization In the valley
of the Shenandouh. This organization,
recruited up to 40, under command of
n. II. Young, became the most noted
and efficient of the Federal army.
Rowland tells how he volunteered
for this service. "My company had
been on ordinary scout duty for some
time. But when we were drawn up in
line and the cuptatn asked for volun-
teers for 'extra dangerous duty,' I
looked at Ike Harris and Ike looked at
me, and then we both stepped forward.
We were both boys and wanted to
know what was the 'extra dangerous
duty.' und when we found out we
liudn't the fuce to bock down. They
took us to headquarters und gave us
two rebel uniforms und we wlsnea
we had not come."
These men were expected to deceive
pickets by the uniform and capture
them so that the main body could be
surprised ; or ride up to a Southern
citizen, man or woman, ask for infor
mation and depend upon the deception
to get ull the person knew. One of
their great dungers was that of meet
ing death at the hands of their own
men. Often discovered nnd hard
pressed by the enemy, they would flee
In their gray uniforms for safety to
their own lines, only to be met by a
murderous volley from their own mis
taken pickets. ...
Ten of Young's command of 40 were
lost, none by the nnturul death of a
soldier and none in the colors for
which he died. Two were hnnged by
their own halter straps.
"Aristocracy of the Army."
But they had privileges beyond any
others in the army. They were free
from all cump drudgery, guard and
picket duty, and from comp discipline.
They lived together in the headquar
ters, ate the best the land afforded.
Each had four picked horses. They
were pold according to the value of
their Information, and the secret serv
ice chest was prodigal with their ex
pense accounts. They were the aris
tocracy of the urmy.
On the reverse of a certnln little
bronze star are these words; "The
Congress to Archibald II. Rowland,
Jr. for Valor."
John Beall, privateersman, with Bur-
ley and Maxwell, were on the Potomuc
ond Chesapeake what Mosby was on
land. Beall cut the submarine tele
graph cable under the Chesapeake and
destroyed lamps ond machinery of
lighthouses. Meeting Burley by sur
prise In Toronto, Canada, they turned
into a private room and shut the door,
Then Beall slowly said: "Burley, I
want you for ray lieutenant. It Is my
old plan at last. I am to capture the
Michigan, free the Johnson Island
prisoners, burn Sandusky, Cleveland
The services of Harry Young were
so esteemed that when Sheridan said,
"I want him," General Edwards re
monstrated, "I would rather you would
take my right arm." One of his sol
diers said, "We think God A'mighty of
And there were Bowie, "William, C.
S. A.;" Landegon, the Phllllpus fa
ther and son and Timothy Webster,
It was Timothy Webster who insinu
ated himself into the confidence of the
would-be assassins in Baltimore and
frustrated the plot against Lincoln'!
life. Allan PInkerton gives him the su
preme credit : "He, among all the force
who went with me, deserves the credit
of saving the life of Lincoln, ever more
than I do."
The Colonial House Properly 8et Has
Plenty of Ground Around It Noto
Characteristics of the Model
Mr. William A. Radford will answer
questions and give advice KREK OF
COST on all subjects pertaining to the
ubct of building-, tor the readers of this
purer. On account of his wide experience
as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he
la. without doubt, the highest authority
on all these subjects. Address all Inquiries
to William A. Had ford, No. 1827 Prairie
avenue, Chicago, 111., and only aocloaa
two-cent stamp for reply. ,
By WILLIAM A. RADFORD.
Everyone has heard of the term, "ar
chitectural style," and is more or less
acquainted with Its meaning. Churches,
large public buildings nnd structures
designed to embody the character of
the flue arts are modeled closely after
some of the established architectural
styles, founded many years ago and
brought down to the present age
through the work of the architectural
historians and archaeologists. Archi
tecture of the American home, like
American modes of living and the lan
guage spoken by Americans, is influ
enced by the work of leaders in the
periods of the past. The characteris
tics of the architecture of various
countries are widely copied in the
American home. It is not necessary,
however, thut the home follow the
Dutch, English, Renaissance or Colo
nial architecture In order that It have
colonists built on this side of the
ocean, , In fact, some of the early
homes contained part which were
built in England and. carried over
hero in ships. The typical Colonial
honse is a wide structure with a sim
ple roof, the surface of which is usu
ally broken up with a number of small
dormers, spaced symmetrically. The
entrance is at the center of the build
lngy A hull extends back from this en
trance, dividing the first floor into two
sets of rooms.
A house modeled closely after the
Colonial style cun hardly be successful
ly built on a lot less than 100 feet
wide. The small house may be de
signed to follow this style, however, In
such a manner that it will appear well
on a lot very much morev narrow than
' loor .
novn NbATtl C
EE 9, I '
JL DUD tOOn P
Inn Pua JIAli 6XKwr
bLb toon I p
i EOT !
i.. - ... ...-J
lil SIGNAL CORPS
Uncle Sam Has Enlisted Men of
National Reputation for
GREAT ENGINEERS ENROLLED
Telegraph and Telephone Chiefs, Bal
loon I its, Educator, Scientists
and Aviators Arc On
this. It requires freedom in following
the style and extreme simplicity of out
line. The exumple shown in the illus
trations is not a true Colonial type,
but It Is in the class of small houses
designed for a fairly narrow lot nnd
suggesting the Colonial style in Its out
line and arrangement. The exterior of
the house is finished In a simple man
ner, with wide clapboard siding, large
porch with turned columns across the
PRIMITIVE DECORATIONS '
Townsend, an early Western trav
eler, tells that one day he met about
a hundred Indinns of the Sac tribe.
"They were dressed und decorated in
the trne primitive style, their heads
shaved closely, and pulnted with alter
nate stripes of fiery red and deep
black, len-lng only the long scalping
tuft, in linich was Interwoven a quan
tity of elk hair und eagle's feathers.
Each tjan was furnished with a good
blanket, and some had an underdress
Physical Courage in War.
Nearly always physical courage re
sults from a comparative lack of per
ception. It leaves out many consid
erations, some of them Important. In
wartime it finds justification in its
generosity. To the cause it is work
ing for it .freely gives all that It has
behind It, including love of life Itself.
It actually ' seems to court death.
With Joy it takes the road of sacrifice.
For this reason it must always be
beautiful. And with It there must go
a marvellous exhilaration, like a spir-
of calico, but the greater number were
entirely naked to the waist. The faces
and bodies of the men were, almost
without nn exception, fantastically
painted, the predominant color being
deep red, with occasionally a few
stripes of dull clay white around the
eyes and mouth. . . . The squaws,
of which there were about twenty,
were dressed very much like the men,
und at a little distance could hardly
be distinguished from them. Among
them was an old, superannuated crone,
who, soon after her arrival, hnd been
ltual intoxication. When It revenls
itself In muss courage, multitudes of
men exposing themselves for the
same cnuse, it must open r- the pro
foundest depths of emotf
presented with a broken umbrella. The
only use that she made of it was to
wrench the plated ends from the
whalebones, string them on a piece of
wire, take her knife from her belt,
with which she deliberately cut a slit
of an inch in length along the upper
rim of her ear, and Insert them in it."
Prefer Dynamite to buojfr.
At first sight It would seem that dy
namite was a cargo to be carefully
avoided. But from a sailor's point of
view there are far more dangerous
loads. He dreads for, Instance, a car
go of sugar. Put hundreds of tons
of nane snenr in casks In the hold of
The Babylonian bricks- were more
commonly burned in kilns than those
used at Nineveh, which were sun-dried,
like those of the Egyptians.
a vessel and let the ship steam through
a bale of hot weather. The odor Is
sickening.' The sailors cannot get the
sweet taste out of their mouths and
crave vinegar or lemon Julce any
thing sour. They lose their appetites
and are always glad when a voyage on
which the cargo la sugar is over. Cof
fee is as disagreeable as sugar, In ad
dition being very dangerous.
The True University.
The true university, these days. Is a
collection of books. Thomas Carlyle.
style." Any architect who hus the
requisite skill may produce a house
which embodies an architectural style
of his own conception, but It is hardly
possible for any man to so design
bouse that It does not show the ten
dency of some style already estab
lished. Perhaps the effrfrts of lnex
perlenced architects to produce some
thing original Is accountable for some
of the houses lacking beauty, charac
fer and the evidence of common sense,
which may be seen in almost any com
The recognized architectural styles
are used with varying degrees of modi
flcetion, in house design.
In the final analysis, it Is the degree
to which sunlight, the gift of nature
which makes life possible, la utilized
which determines the beauty of the
house. Sunlight makes it possible for
us to utilize color In the beautllication
of the home. Sunlight casts the shad
j .wiser K
ows which are a very Important fac
tor in the artistic scheme of the home.
Thus nature has furnished the basis,
light, of architectural or any other ap
plication of beauty, and it remains for
man to supply the remaining factor,
The greatest success is ordinarily
attained In simplicity. The great
master In the fine arts spends years of
his life in attaining perfection in the
simple things and it is not uncommon
that the masterpiece which crowns his
career la founded on a theme charac
terized by simplicity in every detail.
The honse which is overburdened with
elaborate ornamentation Is never beau
tiful in the average opinion. Take as
an example of popular opinion, the
Colonial style of architecture. This
style Is now one of the most widely
used of any applied to the American
home. It stands for simplicity and de
pends upon this quality for its beauty.
Because the ao-cailea Colonial style
was established by colonists coming
from England, the characteristics of
the English style of architecture were
prevalent in the bouses which these
front and heavy outside chimney ut the
Clapbonrds were originally made
wide because of the difficulty in cutting
them out of the logs, fewer being re
quired to cover a given surface when
cut wide. At the present time wide
clapboards may be obtained and are
used to reproduce the appearance of
these earlier siding boards, especially
In the Colonial style house where their
use Is most appropriate.
The large chimney is of brick and
tapers slightly above the first floor. No
porch rail is used, which makes It pos
sible to easily Inclose the porch en
tirely with screens or storm sash. The
hooded windows with their shutters
form a distinctive feature of the ex
terior. True to the typical Colonial arrange
ment, a hall runs back through the
center of the first floor to the stair
way. Cased openings lead from this
hall to the living room and the dining
room. The living room is a very pleas
ant room extending back from the
front along the side of the house. A
fireplace Is built into the outer wall
near the center of the room. The din
ing room, kitchen and pantry are situ
ated along the other side of the honse.
There is a buffet in the dining room
and the pnntry is fitted with shelves
and a work table. The refrigerator Is
placed on the back porch, but it is ar
ranged so that It opens from the pan
try. The stair leading to the basement
is entered from a passage between the
kitchen and the porch.
The second floor is pleasantly ar
ranged. One large bedroom above the
living room is especially pleasant
There is a fireplace in this room. The
closet Is lighted by a front window.
Two other bedrooms are provided on
this floor. The bath Is large and Is fit
ted with a built-in medicine case. A
large hall makes all rooms Independent
So many men of national 'reputation
In various fields have been enrolled
for war service by Uncle Sam that
there Is a saying in the Signal corps
that "Who's Who in America," has
supplanted the army register,
The Signal corps, more than any other
branch of the army, has drown to
It men of natlonnl reputation, lenders
In their fields. In keeping with the
government policy of getting the best
men available, the Signal corps '8 en-
Joying the advice nnd services of dis
tinguished telephone and telegraph
engineers, radio and cable experts,
balloonlsts, educators, scientists and
To begin with, there Is John J.
Carty, chief engineer of the American
Telephone A Telegraph company,
widely regarded as the foremost tele
phone engineer of the world. He is a
major in the Signal Officers Reserve
corps and has been assigned to active
MaJ. Frank B. Jewett is the chief
engineer of the Western Electric com
pany. He Is a great electrical engi
neer, an authority on long-distance and
radio telephony, and a noted designer.
Telegraph Companies Represented.
George M. Torke, commissioned as
major, Is vice president of the West
ern Union Telegraph company. MaJ.
i Charles P. Brncb holds a correspond
ing position with the Postal Telegraph
Then there is MaJ. Charles B.
Forbes, a well-known engineer. He
gave up the positions of superintend
ent of public works of the territory
of Hawaii, chairman of the public
utilities commission, and chairman of
the harbor board to enter upon active
duty as an officer of the Signal Offi
cers' Reserve corps.
Prof. Hiram Bingham, member ol
the Yale faculty, a noted explorer, his
torian, and educator, is now MaJ.
Hiram Bingham. He is in charge of
the division of military aeronautics
schools of the aviation section of the
Other Experts on Duty,
Other experts on active duty as
captains are Clinton C. Edgar, an au
thority on construction matters;
Claude Mitchell, supervising head of
the telegraph lines of a number of
Texas railroad lines; and Terry W.
Allen, a prominent Independent tele
phone operator of the Southeast
The roster of those commissioned in
the aviation section Is a long one and
Includes many well-known men.
R. C. Boiling In peace times Is so
licitor for the United States Steel cor
poration. He is now a major of the
Signal Corps and in France with the
American aero squadron. He organ
ized the first National Guard aero com
pany at Mlneola, L. I., and has long
been a student of .aeronautics.
MaJ. Robert Glendennlng Is a Phila
delphia banker who started the avia
tion school at Esslngton, Pa., now
used as a station for one of the aero
Orville Wright the well-known
American airplane, pioneer, has been
commissioned as a major, but has not
been called Into active service.
Henry Souther, a prominent consult
ing engineer, has received his major's
commission and is in charge of the
aircraft engineering division of the
Signal corps. He Is a well-known anto
Captain Baldwin a Major.
"Capt" Thomas S. Baldwin, manu
facturer of balloons and airships, who
built the first government airship in
1008, has been commissioned a major,
but Is not In active service.
Frank C. Page of Doubleday, Page
GET IHLIIM TITLES
Red Cross Agents In War The
ater to Be Commissioned.
Uncle am Will Give Workers th
Right to Wear Uniform of the
United States Army.
Use of military titles, rank and uni
form by representatives of the Amer
ican Red Cross actuully in foreign
countries constituting the theater of
uctlve war Is to be authorized by
Uncle Sam, according to an announce
ment by the war department.
With the declaration of wur by con
gress the government automatically ac
cepted the co-operation and assist
ance of the American National Red
Cross In the prosecution of the strug
gle, the Red Cross to work with land
and naval forces of the United States
and to extend Its humanitarian serv
ices to the armies and to the civilian,
populations of countries now at war ,
To facilitate their work, Red Cross
officials, other than those incorporated
in the Army Medical corps, are to
have an assimilated military rank ap
propriate to their title In the scheme
of Red Cross organization.
Officials will be given commissions,
warranted employees will be given non
commissioned warrants, and laborers.
cooks and privates will receive cer
tificates of identity as enlisted men.
These commissions, warrants ant
certificates of identity confer no mili
tary authority, however. The holder
Incurs no military obligation, nor does
he receive any right to pny or allow
ances of his similar grade in the Unit
ed States army.
Right to an assimilated military
rank carries with it the privilege of
wearing the uniform of the United
States army or some uniform to be
prescribed by the Red Cross and ap
proved by the secretary of war.
The purpose of conferring military
rank is to indicate to members of the
land and naval forces that the Red
Cross workers enjoy the confidence of
the president as commander In chief
of the army and of the American Na
tional Red Cross and that the authori
ties bespeak for them the co-operation,
courtesy and respect due to persons
designated for such Important duties.
Appropriate insignia of title and as
similated rank with distinctive marks
Titles with assimilated rank for ap
propriate duties are prescribed as fol
Chairman of war council to have as
similated rank of major general; war
councillor and vice chairman of exec
utive committee to be brigadier gen
eral; director general, in charge of
civilian and military relief, colonel;
assistant director general (commis
sioner to theater of war or bureau
head), lieutenant colonel; director
(bureau chief, Red Cross representa
tive at headquarters, camps, base hos
pitals, supply depots, etc.), major; as
sistant director (Red Cross representa
tive with any lesser army detach
ment), captain; assistant director
(storekeeper, adjutant or quartermas
ter, aide), first lieutenant
Other assimilated ranks are as fol-
Secretary (clerical work), sergeant
major; and at base hospitals, corre
sponding army grades for Red Cross
sergeants, hospital sergeants, ser- .
geants (first class), sergeants, corpor
als, cooks, privates (first class), pri
vates, and laborers.
The Greek cross In red enamel a
the predominating mark of the Insig
nia prescribed for the several assim
marines "urst to ngnr
and Also "First to Eat"
Land Built by Rivera. ,
The geologists say that the Gulf of
Mexico once extended 'northward to
the mouth of the Ohio, and that all the
land between that point and New Or
leans has been built up by the earth
washings 'brought down the river.
Even now, the stream carries on the
average .something like 400,000,000
tons every year. From tha , Missouri
alone comes 120 tons every second, or
more than 10,000,000 cubic yards ev
ery day. . ,
Make Bread From' Moss.
The Indians along the Columbia
river make a kind of bread from a
moss that grows on the spruce fir
tree. This moss is prepared by plac
ing In ' heaps, sprinkling it with wa
ter, and permitting it to ferment Then
it is rolled into balls as big as a man's
head, and these are baked in pits.
Hla Interpretation.. '
Willie (reading the Bible) "Pa, It
tells here about the evil spirits en
tering into the swine." Father "ell,
my sonr Willie "Was that how they
got the first deviled hamT"
ft Co., a son of the American arabas-!
sador to Great Britain, is attached to
the school of military aeronautics di
Quentln Roosevelt, a son of the ex
(nesldent is an officer aviator.
William A. Lamed, a former ama
teur tennis champion. Is attached to
the personnel division. .
Lieut Setb Low, a son of the former
nayor of New York city, and Cord
Meyer of Brooklyn, one of the early
sportsman-fliers of a Wright machine,
ire now flying in the aviation section
of the Signal Officers' Reserve corps.
Stephen Phllbln, the former Yale
half-back; S. Bonsar Brooks, well
known Baltimorenn; and Thomas
Hitchcock, celebrated New York
steeplechase man, are flying.
Barclay H. Warburton, son-in-law of
John Wanamaker, former Philadelphia
newspaper publisher, Spanish war vet
eran, is now in the aviation section.
Charles 3. Glldden, originator of
the Glldden tour for automobiles, an
old-time balloonist has been commis
sioned, as has A. B. Lambert, presi
dent of the Lambert. Pharmaceutical
company of St Louis, pioneer balloon
ist and one of the first sportsmen to
fly an airplane. Glldden was the first
? tour around the world In an automobile.
Over five thousand loaves of
"bread like mother used to
make" are produced dally by the
Marine corps bakers In their
giant bakery at the recruit
depot at Port Royal, S. C. This
amount Is required for feeding
the recruits undergoing the "two-in-one"
Marine corps course of
Intensive training for modern
"First to Fight" also means
"First to Eat," say the marines.
and they believe their "chow"
fa full na Imnnrtfmf- nm ifiili mil.
ltary education. j
NEW MIGRATORY BIRO RULES
Agriculture Department Seeks to Mod
ify the 8eaaon on Water Fowl In
Modification of the federal migratory
bird regulations prescribing a daily
closed season on all migratory game
and insectivorous birds from sunset to
half an honr before sunrise. Instead of
from sunset to sunrise, is proposed by
the department of agriculture, and, if
approved by President Wilson, will be
put lpto effect
Another change proposed wonld
make an open season, for waterfowl
from September Jd to December 31,
inclusive, in Pennsylvania, Wisconsin,
Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana,
Wyoming, Colorado, Nevada, Idaho and
parts of Oregon and Washington lying
east of the mmmlt of the Cascade
These changes are designed to unify
the season on waterfowl In the north
ern zone, and. In most instances, are
made to conform with the opoa sea
son under state Itwa.
Te Dry 8weet Potatoes.
Select sound, mature roots.
(a) Wash, boll until nearly done,
peel, and ran through the meat chop
per. Spread on trays and dry until
(b) Treat as above, bnt slice Instead
ef running through the meat chopper.
(c) Wash, peel, slice, spread on
trays, and dry. A somewhat brighter
product will result if the sliced potato
la dipped In salt water Just before
Pumpkin and 8quasn.
(a) Select sound, well-grown speci
mens. Cut Into strips; peel these; re
move all aeeds and the soft part sur
rounding them. Cut strips Into small
er bits not over one-fourth Inch thick
and two Inches long, and dry.
(b) Pare and cut Into about one
half-Inch strips and blanch three min
utes. Remove surface moisture and
dry slowly from three to four hours,
raising temperature from 110 degrees
to 140 degrees Fahrenheit
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