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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT. CET.INA.. OHIO
I HOOVER TELLS AMERICAN PEOPLE OF THE F000 PROBLEM AND 115 SOLUTION COAL-OUTPUT SMALLER UNITS PRESERVE -LOCAL IDENTITY Uncle Sam Works Out New Sys tern of Numbering Regi ments In His Armies. WarB Artificial QMS Anthracite Production Fell Off In 1916, Uncle Sam Says. j n ; r,A, 1 iT-i l?- IiTIFlCIAL limb factor ies have boon running at double capacity since the beginning of the groat war In E urope. Al though modern surgery luis advanced to such a degree that the percent ace of amputations now neeossury Is not nearly as great as during our own Civil war, the vast number of com batants engaged in the great battles of today has resulted In the loss of many tens of thousands of arms and les. No official figures have been made public for nny of the belligerent tuitions, but It Is estimated that nt least 17.".XiO soldiers have recovered from their wounds minus at least n log or an arm. While the various trades of war are nil doing a booming business some of the collateral indus tries designed to overcome or amelior ate the havoc wrought by war are equally busy. Not the leat interest ing of these Is the manufacturing of artifioi'il Iol's and arms. Of the hundred or more American artificial limb factories everyone has been surfeited with orders, some large ones having been placed by the Eng lish ami French governments while many private orders have bt-en re ceived from soldiers themselves. Large shipments are continually being made abroad, the Ilritish blockade of course restricting the sales to the sol diers of the allies. One pioneer Amer ican firm has completely equipped fac tories not only in six large American cities, but has found it necessary to establish branches in Loudon and I'arls, ail working night and day In an "endeavor to meet the abnormal de mands. It is somewhat of a coincidence that the crippled soldiers of France should depend for their best artificial limbs upon the product of American skill constructed principally of English wil low, in spite of the fact that the fath er of real surgery was a Frenchman, Ambrolse Pare. It Is true that Hip pocrates, the great Greek surgeon, who lived L',000 years before Tare, per formed amputations, but only a small percentage of the patients survived the shock, l'are's greatest work came on the battlefield some ,!00 years ago, where he performed dozens of opera tions which advanced the knowledge of surgery more than It had been for warded since the beginning of time. There he discovered that Instead of pouring boiling oil In gunshot wounds, as had Invariably been the custom, a much greater percentage of rapid re coveries were made when the oil was omitted and the patients were handled carefully anil cleanly, thus bringing about the first step toward modern antiseptic surgery. Yet while surgeons from the Greeks down learned how to cut off legs and arms without killing ln-oole, but little was accomplished un til the present generation In replacing tin' lost members. Egyptian hiero glyphics show one of the lesser known ol' the I'haraos, who had suffered the loss of his legs, struggling about with blocks of wood held In his hands, not unlike the street fakirs of today. Even the crutch did not appear until the fourteenth century, and the crude wooden limb or "peg-leg" was invented not until after the time of Pare. The artificial limb of today is some thing of a marvel. Many men with a leg off below or even above the knee CONDENSATIONS A plant In Germany converts 30 tons of peat Into nine tons of coke, with gas and tar as by-products. A new piano for traveling music ians weighs but 120 pounds and can be packed and shipped like trunk. The Increase In beet sugar produc tion In Sweden has almost caught up with the nation's demand for sugar. It Is estimated that Spain has de veloped not more than 8 per cent of Its available hydro-electric power. American toilet goods are increas ing In popularity In the Far East. France and England, the former sup pliers, having been unable to make shipments recently. A patent has been granted for an alarm clock which. Instead of making a noise, releases a stream of cold wa ter through a tube to hit a sleeper wherever he desires. , The railroad connecting Chile and Bolivia, whicli crosses the Andes 14,105 feet :tb;iv sea level, provides oxygen ?hnmlers in which passengers enn get re'ief froir the ratified ulr of the high ivies. . ' ' ' ill Si fc!. 1 PVl L llrt 7 A8 I 1 1 : ments have placed hun dreds of thousands of orders with American makers wooden limbs :: These scien tific substitutes for the flesh and blood article are vast improvement on old- fashioned potato masher" By ROBERT H. MOULTON go through life with a scarcely per ceptible limp, only their closest friends knowing thut they are legless. "Cor poral" James Tanner, former commis sioner of pensions and commander in chief of the O. A. If., would be an ab solutely helpless cripple without arti ficial legs, having lost both of his legs nearly at the knees after three oper ations, yet with Ills artificial limbs he moves about with perfect dignity. General Dudley, also once commis sioner of pensions, who had but one leg, walked with only a slight limp and many times in Washington so ciety gracefully guided a fair partner through the mazes of the waltz In a room full of dancers. United States Senator M. C. IJutler, Gen. Wade Hampton, and many other men in pub lic life have worn artificial logs unbe known to most people, but what Is more remarkable, the best makes of artificial limbs will be found in use by the thousand by men engaged In hard manual labor, coal miners, firemen, horsemen, bicycle riders, house paint ers, and even railroad engineers and brakemen whose vocations require the display of no little agility, and doz ens of cases are on record where men in all these walks of life have lost not one but both legs. The best artificial leg weighs from SOME BIRDS AND THEIR PREY Thrush Has Been Known to Use Stone as Slaughter Block on Which to Break Snail Shells. In districts where shelled snails are abundant it is no rare thing to come across a stone utiliz.ed as a slaughter block by some particular thrush. Even If the bird is not caught in the act, numerous broken and empty shells scattered in the neighborhood betray the place where the rnollusks have been done to death The method adopted by the thrush Is simply that of dropping a snail from a height time and again until the shell is broken and the succulent body within is exposed to the captor's beak. But the anvil is sometimes made use of In a different way, and with a dif ferent end in view. In the depths of a Highland birch wood an observer came upon such a sncriflclnl stone, at which a thrush was busily occupied. Field glasses made evident that not n snail but a common black slug was his captive. This he grasped by the middle with his beak, dashing it re peatedly with resounding smacks upon the stone, whence ft occasionally re hounded, only to be caught and ham mered once more, Subsequent examination of the stone revealed with what effect the operation had been carried out. But what of Its purpose? Here wns no shell to be broken. It may be that the thrush simply wished to kill its prey, but the fact that thrushes swal low wriggling worms without hesita tion renders this explanation Improb able. It is more likely that the skin An artificial cork Invented In Swe den Is made of cork waste and a bind ing paste. I'et canaries In this country con sumed a total of 3,704,025 pounds of birdseed (luring the last year. Last year there were shipped Into Los Angeles 1,400,000 pounds of but ter nt 24 cents a pound in carload lots. The Puget Sound division of the Northern Pacific railroad has adopted the policy of employing women instead of men wherever women are able to do the work required. An Englishman is the Inventor of a device for calculating the money val ues of one country in the terms of others and applying the values to vari ous weights and measures. Marseilles, France, is the great cen tral market for peanuts, more than 120,000 metric tons of peanuts in the shell and 210,000 tons of shelled nuts being crushed there In a single year. The "frontlets" or "phylacteries" of the Hebrews were strips of parchment on which were written four passages of Scripture.' (Exodus 13:2-10. 11-17; Deuteronomy 5:4-0. 13-23) In an Ink j prepared for the purpose. ' j--" Si 1 of t r ,i i ' V i w A .i .! w f., : : t i If. two and a quarter to four and a half pounds, a vastly different thing from the solid "peg-leg," Moreover It 18 perfectly hinged at the knee and arti culated at the foot. The cost of such a leg Is about $100, but It is guaran teed for five years. Such a leg, which must fit perfectly, cannot be turned out like shoes by the million ; each one must be particularly, personally fitted. Although machinery Is used in limb making, there is much exact hand work necessary, for It Is said that no two amputations, are exactly alike. However, by making a plaster cast of the stump and giving exact measure ments orders can be satisfactorily han dled by mall. The United States government al lows its legless and armless veterans. In addition to their pensions, new arti ficial limbs every three years, and since European governments will doubtless carry out a similar policy, It seems unfortunately true that arti ficial limb factories will be assured of busy times for many long years to come. There Is one man among the many manufacturers of artificial limbs In this country who can sympathize with tile unfortunate soldiers of the Euro pean war who have lost an arm or a leg. He is Joseph E. Hanger of Wash ington, D. C, who owes his present success in life to the loss of a leg oa the battlefield during the Civil war. Most men would have become discour aged to have to battle their way through life handicapped In this way, but, with n keen insight to condition brought on by that terrible conflict Mr. Hanger, after making his own ar tificial leg, started into the business in u small way. of the slug was too thick and coarse to be palatable, and that the thrush was simply endeavoring to dash out the edible portions within, or that it was attempting to render the tough skin more tender by a method analo gous to the domestic "batting of steak." A Sculptor's Error. Whenever there is a military parade in Washington, D. C, and the soldiers or others who have had military expe rience are in the vicinity of the magni ficent statue of General Sherman, which stands just south of the treas ury, there is sure to be comment on the blunder which the sculptor made in connection with the equipment of the figures at the base of the statue. The blanket roll, which is properly carried over the left sluMlder by sol diers, is here shown ovw the right shoulder, where, as evuu the small boys know nowadays, It would inter fere with the gun. Popular Science Monthly. Several North Stars. In the known course of history there have been several successive north stars. When the great pyramid of Cheops was built Alpha Draconls was north star, and the Egyptian astron omers made a northward, sloping pass age several hundred feet long, from a place deep under the base of the py ramid straight through its vast mass of masonry, and this served them as an immense telescope tube, without a glass, for observing their sentinel in the sky. The present North Star is a huge sun, betweeri fifty and one bun dred times brighter than- ours. A Realistic Film. "This Is a very realistic picture." "Very," said the manager. "Would you believe it, the first time we showed this film eight young women waited for half an hour after the show to see the leading man come out of the alley behind the theater?'" Spoke the Truth. "Look here, FInklestein, when bought this suit you guaranteed satis faction," growled the irate customer. "Veil, veil, vot's de madder of you I I vos sadisfled." Disappearance. "What has become of the political boss?" 'Out of date out our way," replied Senator Sorghum. "Anybody with brains enough to be a political boss Is too smart to take a chance on thv con sequences." Kept His Word. "He's a man of hto word." "SoT" 'Yes. He said he'd black my ty If repeated what I had Just sUrt, anil I repeated It, and be did." X V' xn 1 lb. V Shows Absolute Necessity of Increased Production and Elimination of Waste, Backing Up His Statements With Facts and Figures of the Supply and Demand. Wnshlngton, Aug. 20. Food Ad mlnlstrator Hoover tolls the American people, In a lengthy statement Issued today, Just what Is the food situation of die world, what are to he the needs of the nations allied against the cen i tral powers, and what must be done to supply those needs and to recti me niionlatlon tif our own land. The nnrmnl imports of wheat and ntin r eermiis hv France. Italy, the United Kingdom and Belgium, and the oHtiinnten of the 11)17 crop In those I countries compared to the noruuil pro duction are given by Jir. noover hi tabulated form, and the conclusion is drawn that In order to provide nnrmnl eonsiimntloii It will be necessary for them to Import In the next IS months f77.Hl0,OOO bushels of wheat and G74.0(K.(X0 bushels of oilier cere- ' nls. If the crops of the United States i i n... .n.i.. nii timtiii-ti uiifclv. North UIIU V-llllinill tin ,..' - , America will have an apparent sur plus of 20S,000.0H) bushels of wheat ami 1)50.000,000 bushels of otlier cere als. The allies, therefore, must use other cereals than wheat for mixing In their war bread, and the people of America must reduce their consump tion of wheat flour from live to four pounds per week per person. Decrease In Food Animals. A careful estimate of the world's food animal position shows a total net decrease of 115,005,0110, and this will ip erenfer ns the war goes on. As the Increase of herds and flocks takes years, we must reduce the consump tion, eliminate waste and carefully con trol meat exports. Our home dairy products supplies are decreasing, while our population Is increasing, and we must ship in creasing amounts of such productH to our nllics. Consequently this Indus try must be stimulated, and home users must save the wastes In milk and butter. Much the same may be said in the case of sugar. Mr. Hoover urges a greater con sumption of fish and sen foods, In which our coasts and lakes are enor mously rich. The products of the land, hr reminds us, are conserved by the eating of those of the sen. Our Duty. In conclusion the food administrator fays : I have endeavored to show In previ ous articles that the world Is short of food; that Europe Is confronted with the grim specter of starvation unless from our abundance and our waste we keep the wolf from the door. Not only must we have a proper use of our food supply in order that we may furnish our allies with the sinews with which they may fight our battles, but It Is an act of humanity towards fellow men, women and children. By the diversion of millions of men from production to war, by the occu pation of land by armies, by the Iso lation of markets, by belligerent lines, and by the destruction of shipping by submarines, not only has the home pro duction of our allies fallen by over 500,000,000 bushels of grain, but they are thrown upon us for a much larger proportion of their normal imports for merly obtained from otlier markets. They have reduced consumption at every point, but men In the trenches, men in the shops, and the millions of women placed at physical labor re quire "nore food than during peace times, and the Incidence of their saving and nny shortage which they may suf fer, falls first upon women and chil dren. If this privation becomes too great, their peoples cannot be main tained constant in the war, and we will be left alone to fight the battle, of democracy with Germany. The problem of food conservation is one of many complexions. We cannot, and we do not wish, with our free In stitutions and our large resources of food, to imitate Europe In Its policed rationing, hut we must voluntarily and intelligently assume the responsibility before us as one in widen everyone has a direct and Inescapable Interest. We must increase our export of foods to the allies, and In the circumstances of our shipping situation, these exports must be of the most concentrated foods. These are wheat, flour, beef, pork and dairy products. We have oth er foods in great abundance which we can use instead of these commodities, and we can prevent wastes in a thou sand directions. We must guard the drainage of exports from the United States, that we retain a proper supply for our own country, and we must adopt such measures as will amelio rate, so far as may be, the price condi tions of our less fortunate. We might so drain the supplies from the country to Europe as by the high prices that would follow to force ,our people to Peculiarities of Sleep. A person absolutely without sleep for nine days will die. Sufferers from Insomnia sometimes maintain that they have gone for weeks without sleep, but it has been proved that they actually sleep without being aware of it. At a certain point sleep Is inevitable, no matter what the bodily condition, the alternative being death. A method of taming wild elephants Is said to be that of depriving the animals of sleep when first caught In a few days they become practically spiritless and harm- Flavoring Sirup- This sirup, as its name implies, Is Intended for use as a flavoring Ingredient In the waking of punch, sherbets, Ices, etc. It Is quite different from the heavy concentrated product previously described. To make the flavoring sirup add 1 quart of water to each gallon of crush ed grapes and boll violently until thor oughly cooked that Is, until easily stirred and of even consistency the berries being broken down. Then pour this liquid Into St thick flannel Jelly ag nnd let it drip into a porcelain ves- shorten their consumption. This oper ation of "normal economic forces" would starve that element of the com munity to whom we owe the most pro tection. We must try to Impose the burden equally upon all. Action Must Be Voluntary. There Is no royal road to food con servation. We can only accomplish this by the voluntary action of our whole people, each element In propor tion to Its means. It Is a matter of equality of burden; a matter of min ute saving and substitution at every point In the 20,000,000 kitchens, on the 20.000,000 dinner tables and In the 2,000,000 manufacturing, wholesule and retail establishments of the country. The task Is thus In Its essence the dally Individual service of all the people. Every group can substitute and even the great majority of thrifty people can save a little ntid the more luxuri ous elements of the population can by reduction to simple living save much. The final result of substituting otlier products and suvlng one pound of wheat flour, two ounces of fats, seven ounces of sugar and seven ounces of meat weekly, by each person, will, when we have multiplied this by one hundred million, have Increased our exports to the amounts absolutely re quired by our allies. This menus no more than that we should eat plenty, but eat wisely and without waste. Food conservation has otlier aspects of utmost Importance. Wars must be paid for by savings. We must save in die consumption in commodities and the consumption of unproductive la bor In order that we may divert our manhood to the army and to the shops. The whole of Europe has been en gaged ever since the wr began In the elimination of waste, the simplification of life, and the Increase of Its Indus trial capacity. When the war Is over the consuming power of the world will be reduced by the loss of prosperity and man power, and we shall enter a period of competition without parallel In ferocity. After the war, we must maintain our foreign markets If our working people are to be employed. The Impact of the food shortage of Europe has knocked nt every door of the United States during the past three years. The juices of foodstuffs have nearly doubled, and the reverberations of Europe's Increasing shortage would have thundered twice as loudly dur ing the coming year even had we not entered the war, and it can now only be mitigated If we can exert a strong control and this in many directions. We are today In nn era of high prices. We must maintain prices at such a level as will stimulate produc tion, for we are faced by a starving world and the value of a commodity to the hungry Is greater than Its price. As n result of the world shortage of supplies, our consumers have suffered from speculation and extortion. While wages for some kinds of labor hav Increased with the rise In food prices. In others, It has been difficult to main tain (fur high standard of nutrition. By the elimination of waste In all classes, by the reduction In the con sumption of foodstuffs by the more for tunate, we shall increase our supplies not only for export but for home, and by increased supplies we can help In the amelioration of prices. For Better Distribution. Beyond this the duty has been laid upon the food administration to co-op erate with the patriotic men in trades and commerce, that we may eliminate the evils which have grown into our system of distribution, that the bur den may fall equitably upon all by res toration, so far as may be, of the nor mal course of trade. It Is the purpose of the food administration to use Its utmost power and the utmost ability that patriotism can assemble to ameli orate this situation to such a degree as may be possible. The food administration Is assem bling the best expert advice In the country on home economics, on food utilization, on trade practices and trade wastes, and on the conduct of public eating; places, and we shall out line from time to time detailed sugges tions, which if honestly carried out by such individuals in the country, we be lieve will effect the result which we must attain. We are asking every home, every public eating place and many trades, to sign a pledge card to accept these directions, so far as their circumstances permit, and we are organizing various instrumentalities to ameliorate speculation. We are ask ing the men of the country who are not actually engaged in the handling of food to sign similar pledges thut they shall see to it, so far as they are able, that these directions are followed. less. The brain of the elephant Is held to be more highly developed than that of any other wild animal; but, of course, as compared with a humnd brain, can be easily fatigued by new impressions, and so made dependent on sleep. Wasted Energy. "Smith told me be felt very much run down, and was going to u doctor to build him up. "He ought to be able to do that himself. Iie' a good architect." set until all available Juice Is secured. Measure the Juice and return it to the preserving kettle, adding a measure of sugar for each measure of Juice. Stir until the Bugar Is dissolved. Let It reach the boiling point but It must not boll or bubble. As soon as the boiling point Is reached pour the elrup into sterilized bottles or Jars and seal them while hot Two to three tablespoonfuls of this flavoring sirup added to a glass of wa ter or to crashed Ice la very refreshing. Quantity Decreased 1.6 Per Cent, But Value Increased 9.4 Per Cent a Compared With 1915. The anthracite coal mined In 1010 amounted to 78,105,083 gross tons, valued at $202,000,601. a decreuse la quantity of 1.6 per cent and an la crease In value of 0.4 per cent colli' pared with 1015. The shipments de creased 1.7 per cent from 68,000,150 gross tons in 1015 to 07,501,303 tons la 1010. The shipments of prepared coul of sizes above pea la 1010 were 40,747,215 tons, a decreaso of 1.1 per cent; the shipments of pea size were 7,520,804 tons, a decrease of 8.4 per cent: und the shipments of steam sizes smuller than pea were 10,233,344 tour, a decrease of but .05 per cent compared with 1015. There wus an Increase of nearly 0 per cent In the quantity of anthracite sold locally und used by employees and a decrease of 2.4 per cent In the qunntlty used for mine fuel. The compilation of those statistics has Just been completed by 0. E. Lesher of Uncle Sam's gcologl cul survey. The effect of the extraordinary de mand for steam sizes of anthracite that followed the industrial activity In 1816 and the high price of bitumin ous coal is Indicated in the figures showing the output of washery prod uct and dredge coal. Although the freshly mined coal In the anthracite region, including Sullivan county, showed a decrease of 2.6 per cent In 1910 compared with 1015 there was an lncreuse of 19.6 per cent In the qunntlty of anthracite obtained from the wnsherles, which operate mainly on old culm banks, and an Increase of 16 per cent in the quantity of coal dredged from rivers. The production in the Lehigh re gion wus 10,029,055 gross tons ; In the Schuylkill region, 23,050,448 tons; in the Wyoming region, 43,111,732 tons; and in Sullivan county (Bernice ba sin) 494,813 tons. There was a large decrease in the number of men employed In the pro duction of anthracite in 1910, and the output was .maintained only through on Increase In the number of work ing days. The number of men em ployed in 1914 was 179,679; in 1915, 170,552; nnd in 1016, 150.8C9. The average number of days worked was 245 in 1914, 230 in 1015, and 253 In 106. The average output per man per day in 1914 was 1.84 gross tons; In 1915, 1.00 tons, and in 1010, 1.03 tons. The average output per em ployee for the year was 451 tons In 1014; 450 tons in 1915; nnd 4S0 tons in 1010. ? ; High Cost of Blackberry Jam Affects Army Ration. Owing to the prevailing high price of blackberry jum, the war department, on recommen dation of the committee on sup lies of the council of national defense, is considering the ad visability of changing the regu lation Jam ration of the army from bluckberry straight to Jams of alternating kinds, in cluding peach, strawberry, and plum. "It Is not difficult to get black berry Jam for 75,000 men," the committee points out in its rec ommendation, "but It is not practical to attempt to get It for more than 1,000,000 men, par ticularly when some of the crop has already been put up In oth er than regulation army tins. Moreover, other kinds would prove a pleasant change for the men." The army's estimate of re quirements for 1,300,000 men for one year is 220,042 cases, each of 24 tins. EVERY STATE HAS COUNCIL All Commonwealths and the District of Columbia Co-Operating With Uncle Sam's Defense Body. As one result of the national de fense conference of governors which convened in Washington, all the states of the Union and the District of Co lumbia have official state councils of defense co-operating with the national council. Some of these are called state councils of defense, others com mittees of public safety, or similar names. "This nationwide co-ordination of war activity of the state coun cils Is an Important and significant work," says Walter S. GIfford, direct or of the national council. "The na tional council Is the parent body. In each state stands the state council ready to assist the national council In the carrying out of Its plans and rec ommendations where these can best be developed on state lines." George F. Porter, chief of the sec tion on co-operation, with states of the national council, in his. report on the organization and activities of the state council shows that a number of these have legislative establishment with broad powers and adequate appropria tions of muey for the promotion of war activities. As more of the state legislatures come into session un doubtedly more of the state councils will receive establishment, It Is be- GRASS CLIPPINGS FOR HENS Back-Yard Poultry Flock Often Lacks Sufficient Green Feed Give Green Tips Dally. Grass tips or clippings are an excel lent green feed for chickens. The back-yard poultry flock of a family often lacks sufficient green feed, with a consequent redaction of egg and meat production. With the easy avail ability of lawn clippings the city poul tryruan can always have green feed STATES TO BE GIVEN CREDIT Commonwealths From Which the Vari. oua Organizations 'Are Recruited Will Ba Designated In Parentheses. A plan which will simplify the num bering of regiments in Uncle Sam's armies has been approved by the chief of staff, the adjutant general and secretary of war. following out this plan regiments will be numbered ac cording to the arm of the service they represent, without reference to the fact that a particular regiment belongs to regular army, National Guard, or Na tional army. This decision leads the adjutant General to withdraw a former recommendation made In this connei tlon and to indorse the new plan on the most direct method available. According to this ruling units will go Into the service designated as "Twelfth cavalry," "Sixty-sixth In fantry," "Ninth artillery," etc. But to avoid confusion each National Guard regiment' will retain Its present desig nation in parentheses. Thus, faking the" Porto Klco regiment, for instance, it will be designated as the "Sixty-fifth Infantry (P. K.)," and the First Maine infantry as the "Slsty-slxth Infantry (First Maine)." Conforming with this policy the National Guard lnfnntry regiments would be numbered serially In accordance with the plan for the complete expansion of that brunch of the service. National Army Regiments. 'The numbers of the Natlonnl Army regiments would begin where the Na tional Guard regiments left off," tha adjutant general's report reads, "td enable National Army organizations also to indicate their locality In paren thesis, a system could be adopted as shown by the following examples : "Regular Army No change. "Natlonnl Guard Sixty-sixth in fantry (First (Me.), Eighty-Eighth in fantry (Seventh N. Y.), Thirty-fifth field artillery (Second Pa.), Tenth En gineers (Twenty-second N. Y.). "Natlonnl Army Two Hundred and Fifth Infantry (W. Va.), Sixty-fifth field artillery (Minn.). "The system suggested above con templates that the designation lu par entheses would ordluarlly be omitted In orders, dispatches, or correspond ence, but would be authorized, when desired, for the purpose of local Iden tification and to preserve traditions and local pride. The National Guard organizations would show in parenthe ses their present state designation; The National Army organization! would show in parenthesis the state from which the organization, or the bulk of It, was drawn." No pnrenthesls implies regular army. An ordinal number and state abbrevia tion Implies Natlonnl Guard. A sim ple state abbreviation implies National Army. It Is believed it is advisable to localize organizations If practicable. The assignment of state designations for National Army organizations under the above system would be somewhat arbitrary In some cases, but on the whole the system could be worked out quite accurately and with suitable credit to all states. Single Series of Numbers. "In the Interests of simplicity, there fore, and to avoid many errors and much confusion in administrative and other matters, it is believed to be es sential that a single series of numbers be used for each class of organization divisions, brigades, infantry regi ments, engineer regiments, etc. But on mature thought, and In view of the uncertainty with respect to what may from time to time constitute the best combinations, or the most convenient organizations, I now believe It must be Impracticable to organize divisions and. brigades permanently on a basis that will enable one to deduce from the regimental number the number of the division and 'brigade to which that regiment belongs. The regularity should be approximated as closely as possible in the Initial organization, but strict adherence to the rule should not be Insisted upon. "This office is of the opinion that the formation of provisional divisions is a mistake. Our tables of organiza tion provide for divisions organized In a specific manner. To break up this organization and form a new one at the very last moment will result In endless and needless confusion due to the transfer of men and officers. The resultant shifting and changing of rec ords will be stupendous, nnd cannot be mode to fit taftlcal requirements. On the whole It is believed to be far better to continue with our present statutory organization, and devise a. plan for removing our difficulty In a manner that would best fit the special conditions that may coufront us. The' assignment of artillery to subdivisions for special purposes is not it difficult task. It Is done in every deployment of large units. It does not need per manent organization. Our division could be treated as a corps If brought Into service alongside of foreign troons and compelled to adjust Us dispositions to established local features or trench systems." through the summer for his chickens. The flock can be fed dally ns much of the green clippings as they will eat The remainder of the clippings can be allowed to dry and fed moistened dur lng the time between luwn cuttings. Araoynts in excess can be dried for winter use. Dried grass clipping are a good green feed for winter. Thoy can be dried and stored In sacks. These dried clippings, moisteucsj und fed to the flock, are a very fair ub statute for the succulent green feo4u of summer. .