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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CELINA, OHIO
MEN WHO WILL LEAD MWMTI0JHAL ADm President soon zvill appoint a number of major-generals and brigadier-generals to command the "Liberty Boys" of 1917 :: Edzvard B. Clark gives valorous records of some likely candidates S St M N as ilie vnrioiiM mill perhaps muliltiKllniius rcc ommenlittlotis enn he stint led iiml the majority up pntvnl determined, major generals ami brigadier gen erals .will lip mimed I" com mand divisions and brigades in tin' new National army. It may lie n mutter of In terest to young men who are to serve their country to know Into whose keeping their leadership Is to he Com mitted. The mimes of the men selected for high service will) the new National army have not yet been made public, but It Is virtually known that the ma jor generals will be chosen from olll ccrs of regtfiars now holding the rnnk of brigadier general, and that the brig adier generals will be chosen from reg ulars now holding either the rank of colonel or of lieutenant colonel. On .Tune S hist the president sent to the senate nominations for new major generals anil briiradier generals for the regular army. It must be understood that these men were named for regular service and not for National army service. It Is probable, however, that several of the regular brigadiers will be made major generals of the new forces. It will cause no surprise if Col. John W. Heard of the Fifth cavalry shall be a general officer of the new forces. Young Americans may know that if they get Heard as n commanding oftl cer they will get a soldier with n fight ing record. Heard wears n medal of honor given to him by n vote of congress for con spicuous personal gallantry. During the Spanish war the transport to FUNNY PROPOSITION IS LIFE $ Did you ever sit and ponder, sit and wonder, sit and think, why we're here and what this life is all about? It's a problem that lias driven many brainy men to drink. It's the weirdest thing they've tried to figure out; about a thousand different theories all the sci entists can show. lint never yet proved n reason why. With all we've thought urid all we've taught, why, all Ve seem to know is, we're born and live awhile and die. Life's a very funny proposition, after all. Imagina tion, jealousy, hypocrisy and gall ; three meals a day, a whole lot to say ; when you haven't got the coin" you're always in the way. Everybody's fight ing as we wend our way along. Every fellow claims the other fellow's In the wrong; hurried and worried until we're buried, and there's no curtain call. Life is n funny proposition, after all. When all things are com ing easy, and when luck Is with n man, why, then, life to him Is sunshine everywhere. Then the fates blow ruth 'r breezy, and they quite upset a plan; then he'll cry that life's a bur den hard to bear. Though today may be a day of smiles, tomorrow's still In doubt. And what brings me joy may bring you care nnd woe. We're born to die and don't know why, or what's it all about; and the more we try to learn the less we know. Life is a funny proposition, you can bet, and no one's ever solved the problem properly yet ; young for a day, then old nnd gray, like the rose that buds and blooms and fades nnd falls away. Losing health to gain our wealth as through this dream we tour; everything's a guess ing and nothing's absolutely sure. Bat tles exciting and fates we're fighting until the curtain's fall. Life's n very funny proposition, after all. Oeorge M. Cohan. SCRAPS Const guard stations will be equipped with airplanes for rescue and observation work. When water In n minnow pail can not be changed often n bicycle pump blowing air in the wuter Is worth while. A parachute which can be guUled by pulling cords that draw In Its sides has been Invented in France. A new pocket to protect valuables being carried about Is designed to be attached to the lining of shoes. A fleer's new horns are called "vel vet" because they grow Inside of a tough skin which is coarse and brown, like plush. For n long time he will not thrash his horns in the brush. A luminous paint for automobiles in vented In England is said to be so ef fective Unit a car coated with it is vis ible at night for two miles without the use of lumps. Displaying a Distinction. "We are trying to see what there Is about. that actress," suid the host of n movie party. "All. right," said the mnnnger. "We'll throw n picture of her salary check on the screen." An Insuperable Obstacle. "There couldn't possibly be a hair dressers' union." "Why not." "That business has too many 'rat' ffloes." t 1 1 . 8 which he nnd his Immediate command were assigned became disabled at the mouth of the Manimnnl river west of Iliihlu Honda, Cuba. Behind the rocks and In the thickets on the shore were scores of Spanish soldiers. The deck of the transport was being swept bj Mauser bullets from the rifles of the hidden foe. Mechanical communica tion between the engine room and the pilot house of the transport was out of service and It was necessary to transmit orders by messengers. Because of his place on the boat Heard did not know thnt two of his men had been shot In 'quick succes sion while performing the duty of or der bearing. When he heard of It he said: "I will nsk no more of my men to expose themselves. Give me your orders." For twenty minutes he carried the messages along the deck, though Mau ser bullets cut his blouse and splin tered the ratlings and the boat's upper works nil nbout him. Every step of his way was marked out by shots, yet he came through unscathed. He wears the medal given "For Valor." When President Wilson recently pro moted some colonels to be brigadier generals of regulars one of those ad vanced was Col. Joseph T. Dickman, cavalry officer, now in command nt Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont. It prob ably Is not poor guessing to place Dick man as one of the brigadiers who will be given the command of a division of the new National army. He Is n sturdy soldier of high record, n stu dent and fighter. For army boards appointed for Inves tigation and method-reforming pur poses Dickman always has been n fa vorite choice. He looks like a soldier and he has proved on many a field Hint he has the soldier Instinct. There is n feeling' here that one day he will be heard from In France. It was Dickman who In 1802 with a small detachment fought, defeated and captured the bandit chiefs. Bennvides and Conznles, with many followers, In the chaparral country In Texas. He distinguished himself nt the battle of San Juan and later was chief of staff to General Chaffee, going with his chief to the relief of the beleaguered ones at I'eklng. He was in the thick of the fighting at the Pn-tn-chao temples near the Forbidden city. Colonel Orote Hutcheson of the cav alry is likely to have a brigadier gen eral's command In the new army. It was Into Hutcheson's arms as he stood under fire on the walls of the Forbid den city In 1000 that Captain Iteilly. his comrade, fell dead. At thnt time Hutcheson was nn nide to General Chaffee. With his chief and with Kellly he stood on a wall where the Fourteenth regiment had planted its flag. A detachment of Chinese marked the three and n shower of shot splat tered about them. They stood un harmed. Another shower and the gal lant Kellly, who, conquering all ob stacles, had fought his battery to the front, fell dead into the arms of Hut cheson. Col. L. W. V. Kennon of the Infantry nlmost unquestionably will hnve a bri gade and possibly a division command In the new army. Kennon served for a long lime on General Crook's staff In the Indian wars of the West. He went to the Philippines early In the war game and he did not leave until he had played his hand for six years. It was this urmy officer who, al though attached to the Infantry, was given the engineer's task of building the Benguet road In the Philippine islands. It was the most difficult en gineering Job ever undertaken In the Islands. Kennon, although a junior officer of the army, had commanded a brigade In the northern campaign of General Lnwton. He brought to the work of road building nearly two thou sand members of the tribes In whese country he had been campaigning. The battles with them over, he asked Visitors to Sing Sing will be barred from seeing the death chair under a new order. The supply of singing birds has been cut off by the war and canary prices are soaring. The Big Horn or Rocky Mountain sheep can travel as far over the moun tain peaks In n few minutes us a hun ter can go In two hours. The German Mauser can Are faster than any other rifle used In the war. The magazine holds five cartridges, picked In charges. Obedience to Authority. "We don't want any government," said the anarchist. "Why do you keep making a pub lic disturbance to Impress the fact?" "Because the boss of my anarchist association gave me orders to do so." Corrected. ' "Where did you . get that stuff, kid?" "I was tenched It." "Teached It? Who learned you to Ulk that wayl" mm MM 4 4 jmM these men to aid him In the works of peace. They liked him, trusted him and they stood loyally to the road building task, which was completed more quickly than anyone knowing the ordinary Inclinations of Philippine laborers thought could be the case. Col. Walter K. Wright or the Twenty third Infantry, now stationed nt Syra cuse. N. V.. Is likely to find himself promoted shortly to the command of n brigade. Wright will tight nn'd he will look after his men; and when this Is said It covers the entire military case as the true soldier views It. Wright's quick thinking made him nn army officer. In the New York dis trict in which he lived as a boy a com petitive examination was held for the appointment to West Point. Wright was a candidate. It was a question as to which of six youngsters best had stood the test, nnd so the examining board called them up to nsk them some questions. The first question put was, "Why do you want to go to West Point?" The first five thoughtlessly answered, "Because we want to get an educa tion." In other words, the youngsters Implied that they wanted nothing mora than to be educuted.iit Uncle Sam's ex pense. The sixth boy to be nsked the ques tion was Wright. He had heard the answers of the others. His answer was, "Because I want to be a soldier." He Is a soldier. There are many men to be promoted to high conimanils In the new nrmy. Of some of the others and their record it will be the duty nnd the delight of one who knows most of them to say n word later. I JAPANESE KNOW NO PRIVACY;:; The Bay of Klzukl Is a Japanese watering place, nnd, like any water ing place In America, It has a fine sandy bench stretching half a mile be tween two long green hills and a great hotel and casino and good fishing. In addition to these things It has a sacred temple and a wonderful rock. The hotel Is sufficiently different from any outside the Orient, for Its everv room Is open to the street, and yon may see nt n glance dozens of families playing, eating, sleeping. The Japanese do not know privacy ns the Occident knows It. They go about all things openly. Which has led some observers to call them a nation of monkeys nnd others to say that they nre the most natural people In the world. All day at Kizukl bay the people will disport themselves as man has dis ported by the sea since before his memories began. The wnter will be filled with splashing figures nnd the air with the shrill voices of children and women, the deep guffaws of men. There Is music, too, of the Japanese sort, and men put out In boats to fish and sail In the safe little harbor with in the arms of the hills. But the event of the day comes In the evening, when the sun drops Into the bay, turning It Into gold, nnd the protecting arms of the hills are plunged In night. Then does the lone rock spire of Klzukl bay stand out In a silhouette of majostle curves against a fiery sky. And all the people come to look and admire. For to even the humblest Japanese the severe beauty of a rock spire against a sunset sky Is solace and inspiration. One of Them Did. As good u real kid story as you've probably noticed for a while Is related herewith : The four-year-old son wns having lunch with his grandmother. At his proposal they ngreed to play "father and mother." He was the fa ther nnd she was the mother. After the few words of grnce he bent for ward, in excellent, imitation of his fa ther, and said, "Well, mother, nnd have the children said nnything cute to day?" Philadelphia Star. The Venezuelun government by law tins prescribed a stnndard of purity for butter, and has forbidden the sale of nny that is adulterated. Either a direct or alternating elec tric current, or one supplied by dry batteries, when neither of the former Is available, will operate a newly In vented dental engine. South African farmers are planting larger areas in sisal than they have done In the past, recognizing that the cost of operation decreases as the size of the plantation Is enlarged. Not Qualified to Speak. "Bllggins says republics are un grateful." "Don't see how he can express an opinion. So far as anybody knows, he has never done anything to put a re public under obligations to him." Apprehension. "Do you fear a food shortage?" "Yes," answered the patient woman. "Home won't seem like the sume place when there isn't nny food for iujt hus band to compluln about" "DIFFERENT III ITS !Ef, The Little Bungalow Described . Here Just Right Size for Family of Two. BRICK, STUCCO, WOOD WALLS Interior Plan and Conveniences Will Delight Any Housewife and Have Especial Attraction for the Fall Bride. By WILLIAM A. RADFORD. Mr. William A. Radford ll aniiwer questions and Rlv advice KREB OK COST on all iiibJncU pertaining to the ubject of building, for the readers of this pnper. On account of hla wide experience us Editor, Author and. Manufacturer, he la, without doubt, the hlKlieat authority on alt these aubjneta. Addrem all Inquiries to William A. Hadford, No. 1827 Prulrle avenue. ChlciiRo, III., nnd only ancloiM two-cant atump for reply. The little bungalow shown In the accompanying perspective view nnd floor plan Is Interesting In that Its nr rangement Is quite out of the ordinary. The exterior Is finished In quite a simple manner, although Its appear ance Is not lacking In any respect. The walls of the house are given the character of three materials. The foundation walls above grade nre of face brick. Above this and carried up f) the head trim of the windows, the walls are finished with narrow beveled siding. Under the gable ends the walls nre finished up to the roof with timbered stucco. The perspective view gives some slight Idea of the rustic nppearance of the low-pitch gable roof. The roof Itself Is unadorned charac terized by clean, sharp-cut outlines an5 careful balance. The appearance Is dependent upon the correct selection of pitch nnd the genernl outline of the roof rather than upon elaborate orna mentation. There are two brackets under each gable end, these being ap propriate to the timbered stucco wall surface: they constitute the only orna ments which are required to give the building the appearance-effect which the designer has deemed most appro priate for this particular structure. It will he noticed that the railing walls of the terrace are of face brick while those of the porch, on the other side of the house are of wood siding. While this construction does not tuke anything from the effectiveness of the design and Is really Included for the purpose of removing nny trace of what some people call a "stiff" effect, mean ing that there Is too methodical ad herence to the symmetrical, it might be criticized by some, In which case there Is no reason why either the one or the oilier of the railings cannot be altered to conform with the other. If the change Is desired, It would un doubtedly be made In the porch rail ing wulls, which would be constructed of face brick with a white stone or concrete coping In order that conform ity might exist between the founda tion, terrace and porch walls. The terrace floor and steps are of con crete. The porch floor as shown In the illustrations Is of wood flooring and the steps nre concrete. If the porch walls were to be changed to brick, the porch floor would be better if built of concrete. This house Is 41 feet wide, not In cluding the extension of the terrace beyond the wall of the house or the steps of the porch. The depth is 31 feet 6 Inches from the front wall of the Wving room to the rear wall of the dining room. It could hardly be built on a lot having less than a 50-foot frontage, and is, therefore, unsuitable for extremely crowded locations, but this Is true of almost any bungalow. The bungalow requires plenty of room or Its appearance Is destroyed. One of the particularly pleasant features of this house Is the facility which it pro vides for lawn decoration. Across practlcnlly the entire front of the house the wall surface is unbroken near grade. The appearance of the house and the lawn would be very much beautified during the summer months by a carefully selected bed of flowers planted near the house along the front wall. This house Is one of the type which looks best when elevnted slightly above the street grade, unless It can be built back quite a distance from the street sidewalk. The house, standing by Itself, Is somewhat lacking In height and Is made so purposely so that It will have the best possible ap pearance when built on either a ter raced or sloping lot. It is an advan tage to build a house slightly above the surrounding ground if possible, es pecially when the ground b known to be normally water bearing, because of the better drainage which Is possible. Even better than the exterior qual ities of this bungalow Is the interior arrangement In the renl test of 1 a home, the convenience of its interior, the ease with which it mny be kept clean and the comfort which it pro vides are the vitally Important fac tors. A house cannot be called a good Investment If It Is not satisfactory In regard to these things, no matter how beautiful Its exterior may be. The bungalow shown In the perspec tive view Is built around the living room nnd the dining room. Since these rooms are ordinarily the most used RQOMARRANG EOT 11 hzAmiWJM 3? and the most noticeable rooms In the house. It Is logical thnt they should he treated with special attention. Here they nre made vquul In ulse and are placed one behind the other, with at tractive French doors between. At the front of the living room there is a door on either aide, oue leading' to the terrace and the other to the porch. The fireplace la built Into the corner of this room where It forms an attrac tive feature and permits the use of single chimney with two flues to serve the furnace, fireplace and kitchen range. The kitchen lias been given consid erable attention. A counter Is placed beneath the window and two cup boards are provided. The sink Is handy to the counter. A little pantry itdds to the convenience of the ar rangement. There are shelves nnd a table In the pantry. An entry from the porch furnishes plenty of room for the refrigerator. The stairs lead ing to the basement are framed in Just to the rear of the kitchen nnd a small room which may be used either as a bedroom or as a den occupies the rear corner of the house. The principal bedrooms, two In num ber, are located on the other side of the central living nnd dining rooms. 1 ri K1TCMN4 I "'f Y'llivTOta pijM'i, kiSACt Pv A poscti jJiij Floor Plan. The rooms thus placed conform to the very best design practice In bedroom arrangement. It provides windows In two walls for each room nnd, by the uso of the small hall connecting these rooms with the bath, makes them In dependent of one another without the loss of a foot of space. This hall Is entered from the dining room near the French doors lending to the living room. This plan stands for space economy In every pnrt. It provides convenience nnd comfort In full pro portion to the cost. HIGHER GRADE OF 'NONCOMS' Good Material for Chevrons Is Seen In Men Drafted for the New Na tional Army. There Is n growing feeling among the student officers at Plattfburg, a feel ing uirendy prevalent among their In structors, that in the main the qual ity of the draft Is going to be remark ably high, Herbert Uced writes In the New York Independent. It Is the thing the regular nrmy has been wait ing for nil these years. And the rea son Is simple. It is felt that It will be the army's great opportunity to uneartji the right sort of material for noncommissioned officers. It Is no re- liectlon on the "noncom" of the old regime, who, by the way, is to have his lonir deferred chance for promotion, to say thnt In the mass the army expects better material. The new men will meet In ninny cases probably In most cases as en- - tire strungers, and the buttle for the "noncom" position will be on before the men get to know each other too well. The friendship of the old days, generally long founded by the time promotion came around, were too often a bar to discipline. The situation made it hard for the man pushed up and for his old side partners in the ranks. This accounts, of course, for the lone ly life of the top sergeant, that most efficient king pin In our line troops. In the new army the top sergeant in many cases will be "there" long be fore he has made any deep friend ships In the ranks, and the task all around will be easier. This should be encouraging to thut great body of disappointed young men who for one reason or another could not make the first training camps, and are too young for the second. If not drafted they can enlist directly with the knowledge that they will have their chance for a commission along with the brightest men of the regular draft. Origin of a Popular Hymn. The following illustration given by D. L. Moody suggests the true origin of P. P. Bliss' hymn, "Let the Lower Lights Be Burning 1" A ship on Lake Erie, bound for Cleveland harbor, was overtaken by a storm, nnd as they neared the port the pilot could only see the upper light the light from the lighthouse streaming to them through the storm and darkness. The lower lights were not burning the pilot could not see how to steer into the har bor. It was Impossible to sail hack again upon the lake; the ship had to go forward and for the want of the lower lights along the shore the vessel, now at the mercy of the huge, roaring waves, was dashed to pieces on the rocks, and many of the crew perished before help could reach them. P. P. Bliss was associated in those early days with D. L. Moody In Christian work, and he must have heard Mr. Moody use this Illustration, which gives a beauty to Its meaning." Chris tian Herald. ' Loud Electric Bell. An electric bell, designed by its English Inventor to make an especially loud sound, Is rung by a motor instead of the usual magnet MARKETING COSTS FOUND TOO LARGE Uncle Sam's Experts Seek to Eliminate Losses in Han dling Farm Products. rERHLS TOD NUMEROUS Investigators Propose Remedies for Evils Which Directly Affect the Prices Received by the Farmers. The fnrmer hns a direct Interest In the efficiency of the marketing organ ization In cities, according to officials of Uncle Sam's department of agricul ture, since lack of efficiency may be reflected in the poor prices be receives for his products. Sooner or later. It Is argued, the great mnjorlty of the perishable prod' ucts raised on the farm for snle finds its way to the cities for distribution, and, whether It passes from the owner ship of the farmer before or after reaching such centers, the sales ore usually based on city quoted prices, Mnny farm products, especially per ishables, are consigned to city commis sion merchants to be sold for what they will bring, the prices received In such cases being directly dependent on their city market value. Prices based on these vclues are paid also when such products are sold by the producer directly to wholesalers or Jobbers aft er shipment to city trading centers. Even the products which the farmer sells at the nearest railroad station ore bought largely for consumption In cities and so are paid for. In most enses, at prices which ore dependent on those prevailing In city markets. Study Distribution System. The office of markets and rural or ganization of the department has taken up ns one of Its Important studies city marketing nnd distribution. Through this project the aim of the office hus been to study marketing conditions In various cities; to determine as accu rately as possible the sources of loss and wnste In city marketing and the methods by which such losses and wastes may be eliminated; to develop general plnns for efficient marketing facilities of various kinds for cities, and to aid by specific suggestions such cities as mny seek assistance In Im proving their marketing conditions. The general fault, It has been found, Is the existence of numerous terminals separated from each other and from the wholesale district In some cases it was found thnt there ore as many ns a score of separate terminals ex isting in a city. Shipments for a given denier may arrive at a number of these terminals on the same day, necessitat ing much more costly cartage or the employment of many more salesmen than would be necessary If but a single terminal for perishables existed, and the wholesale dealer has his store lo cated conveniently to it Every extra handling, every square of extra cart age and every additional salary paid Increases the labor cost of marketing, which must come out of the margin be tween the producer's selling price and the consumer's buying price. Separate Terminal Proposed. The aggregate losses and additions to marketing costs, due to inefficient terminal facilities, are so great in the average large city that market special ists believe it would be a feasible plan In many instances for the communities to promote and finance a separate ter minal for perishables which would be connected with all railroads. The studies thnt have been made of the various kinds of market Institu tions have enabled the office of mar kets and rural organizations to offer an advisory service to cities, truck growers and produce dealers' organ izations, which has proved very help fuL BIG INCREASE IN NEW GOLD Uncle Sam Adda $98,891,000 Worth of Yellow Metal to His Total Wealth In One Year. Uncle Sam added new gold to his total wealth during 1915 to the amount of $98,891,000, which Is almost a rec ord, and a gain of $4,395,300 over 1914. If we add to this the gold ore mined, but not smelted yet the total passes $100,000,000 every penny of It new wealth. Says the joint report of geological survey and the bureau of the mint: "An Increase In the yield of gold is Indicated by the mine returns from every Important gold-mining state, and a decrease Is reported from Wash ington, while the output of Idaho re mains the same. "The preliminary estimates Indicate an output of 67,485,600 fine ounces of silver, valued at 534,417,65a Although next to the record output of 1914 In quantity, the value; based on the low average price of 51 cents per fine ounce for 1915 -the lowest In the history of the Industry was considerably below the values for 1914 and many previous years, when production was smaller but prices ruled higher. "Increases In the mine production of silver were especially notable In Montana, Utah and Arizona, and were considerable In Idaho, Alaska, New Mexico and Texas ; but large decreases were reported from Colorado and from Nevada following similar decreases In 14." New Method of Tanning. A commercial agent of the United States In Melbourne writes , of having seen two sheepskins tanned by the new process. The skins were pickled pelts. First they were soaked until clean and reasonably free from pickle. Then they were Immersed for ten min utes In a pail containing a solution. They plumped rather quickly. At the end of ten minutes they were put Into a wattle-bark extract tanning solution 50 per cent strong. The solution be ing In an ordinary tub the skins were EXTEND MAIL SERVICE Postal Officials Enlarge Range of Rural Free Delivery. Increased Efficiency la Promised by Day partment In Spite of Reduced Appropriation Asked. An Investigation has recently bee completed by officials of Uncle Sam's post office department Into the rural mull service which, It is said, devel oped Indications that gross extrava gance prevailed In Its operation, and revealed also a multitude of glaring examples of special favor and privi lege. During the year a revision of the service having for Its object the cor rection of the evils, was conducted in 32!) counties and 23 states, resulting, olllclnlc say. In a reduction of $1,3T9, 1G2 in operating expenses. This reduc tion, together with that of $051,280 made In like manner during the last fiscal year, aggregates $2,013,442, and with such funds all applications for new service or extensions have been granted by the department where the requirements have been met Officials of the department submit ted an estimate of $49,000,00 for the maintenance of the rural mall service for the fiscal year 1018. This amount they say, will be ample for this branch of the postal service. It Is $4,000,000 less thun the appropriation for 1917. This reduction Is deemed feasible from the fact that the work of the department In endeavoring to equal ize hours of labor, eliminate duplica tion of travel, unnecessary retraces, and all forms of privilege and favorit ism, will lurgely decrease the cost of the service without lmpnirlng Its effi ciency In the slightest degree. During the past three or four years It Is estimated that this rural mall service has been extended to 058,571 families, or approximately 3,000,000 pa trons, most of whom were for merly remote from nny postal facili ties. The work of establishing thes-j new routes and of extending routes already In operation has been expe dited as much as possible, and the de portment Intends to continue prompt action on the establishment of all meritorious rural service and rapidly to extend postal facilities to the en tire rural population. BIG OUTPUT OF EXPLOSIVES Exports From United States Jump From $5,521,077 In 1913 to $717,. 144,649 In 1916. The wonderful development of the explosives manufacturing Industry In the United States during the last four years Is shown In a report Issued by Uncle Sam's bureau of mines. In the year 1913, which was a nor mal year, the exports reached $5,521, 077. The following year, In which the European war started, the exports $10,037,587; in 1915, $188,909,893; and in 1916, when the entire Industry had been thoroughly organized, the total was $717,144,6-19. The total production of explosives in the United States during 1910, ex clusive of exports, was 252,708 tons, an increase of 22,000 tons over the previous year. The amount of so-called permissible explosives, those that have passed severe tests of the bureau of mines and which are used In dangerous mines because of their degree of safety, was 26,506,521 pounds, an Increase of 5,000,000 pounds as compared with 1915. The production for 1910 Is segre gated as follows: Black powder, 215,. 575,025 pounds ; "high" explosives oth er than permissible explosives, 25o,- 154,787 pounds; and permissible ex plosives, 34,685,240 pounds. These figures represent nn Increase- of 17, 852,725 pounds of black powder, 19,- 326,200 pounds of high explosives, and 7,335,331 pounds of permissible explo sives, as compared with figures for 1915. Who Composed Music of "Star Spangled Banner?" Does anyone know who com posed the music of "The Star Spnngled Banner?" The hymn, "Anacreon In Heaven," com posed by John Smith, an Eng lishman, about 1770, Is the origi nal music of the national an them, according to a recruiting official of the United States Ma rine corps. Anacreon was an ancient Greek poet a sycophant and a great drunkard, according to his tory. The young Maryland law yer, Francis Scott Key, set the words of his masterpiece to the tune of Smith's hymnal Inspira tion. Increase In Grinding Materials. The value of abrasive materials prni duced In the United States In 1916 was $4,600,248, according to statistics com piled by F. JT. Eats of the United States geological survey, department of the Interior. Of this, $1,664,35) was the value of natural abrasive mate rials, and $2,935,909 the value of arti ficial abrasives. The abrasive mate rials imported for consumption In 1910 were valued at $555,850. The appar ent total consumption of abrasive ma terials In 1917 was thus $5,156,098, which wns an increase of nearly SO per cent over 1915. manipulated by hand. In exactly un hour they were taken from the rub, washed, and stretched out to dry. Furniture Bruise. Wet the part with warm water, double a piece of brown paper five or six times, soak it and lay it on the place ; apply on that a hot flntlrca till the moisture is evaporated. If the bruises on the furniture are not gone, repeat the process. After two or three applications the dent or bruise will be raised level with the surface.