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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CELINA, OHIO
or lie Government has most careful provision for sailors ill or wounded:: Service afloat very desirable for youth of country from standpoint of physical well being no cause for worry By William 0. Braleted, Surgeon Gen eral, United States Navy, In New York Herald Magazine of the War. It Is perhaps somewhat strange, nnd yet It Is u fact, that friends, and espe cially parents, of hoys who enlist lu the navy ure more gravely concerned for the health of the men than with the prospect of buttle casualties. This state of mind is evidenced In hundreds of letters which come to the otiice of the surgeon general find In the personal calls of scores of fathers and mot hers who are apprehensive that their suns niny become 111 and not re ceive proper medical care. As one mother put It, "If the hoys fire going to he wounded or killed It Is only what we must expect. It's part of the war sacrifice and It enn't be helped. We imist give our lives and the lives of those dearer to us than our own without iucsUon, but it Is a terrible iIjIii,' io think of their being 111 or exposed to disease need- lessly wiih no one to take care of them.-' The answer to this woman was to show her through the medical depart ment's headquarters in the navy an nex building ami to explain to her Just whnt Is being done, not only to care for those who are 111 but to prevent men of the navy from becoming ill. She went nwuy contented her mind at rest. A mother's care can, of course, not be replaced by anything in the world, but she was satisfied that should her boy contract any ailment he would have everything it le hu manly possible to give him except her care. Obviously, it Is Impossible to ex plain personally to all callers Just how the medical department of the navy is conducted and how It works, but through the Magazine of the War I will be aide to reach thousands of mothers and fathers who perhaps have been concerned about the same thing. In the tirst place, an ill or delicate man cannot perform the duties re quired in the navy, lie is u burden, lie not only is useless himself while 111 out it requires other men to care for him. and lie often becomes a men ace to his shipmates. ' From the standpoint of eiliciency, then, the navy must do everything in lis power to keep the nun well and strong. If for no other reason this should reassure those interested in en listed men in the navy. Then take the medical ollicers. It is their duly to cure the ill and pre vent the well from becoming ill. If they do not perform this duty satis factorily they come to be known as liieliicient ollicers. It is a matter of pride wiih them to discharge their duty well and faithfully. Moreover, it is the spirit and tradition of the corps to feel a human interest in all the nitu and boys who come under their care. They are specialists in their line and yet they regard the men wiih the same personal feeling that a family physician has toward his pa tients. That is a feeling which cannot be bought and paid for. It Is the out growth of their training, a part of the esprit (le corps of tin; medical depart ment. At the heads of the branches and bureaus of the navy department (ire men actuated by the same principles men who feel that It Is the enlisted sailor who is making the greatest sac rifices for tile flag and that he is en titled to the very best in comfort and cure. No man who is not physically sound and in good health can enlist. There fore the recruit Is supposedly well when he enters the navy. The tirst weeks of his service are passed at a training station, where he Is made Mronger physically, and here the reg ular life and exercise make lilm even n. ore healthy, as everybody can testify w ho has watched the recruits arrive at a station and lias seen them leave a icw months later, standing strnlglitcr, weighing more and often an Inch taller. Me is then assigned to some unit in the regular navy. There he is un der the constant supervision of physi cians who have made a study of the conditions under which he Is living and the ailments ami disease to which he Is liable. This is more than could be said of him at home. In tlie ollice of the surgeon general of the navy hangs a map of the United TRANSYLVANIA Transylvania was never a state, but there was once a colonization move ment and a settlement under that name witicli aimed at the formation of it state, but which failed. The move ti.ent began Just before the beginning of the, Revolutionary war under the I land comprising more than half of the leadership of Jtichard Henderson of present state of Kentucky. When in .'.ortli Carolina. Henderson was a luw- dependence was declared Henderson Auto Drops 60 Feet; None Hurt I'rblmbly what will be considered one of thi- most unusual automobile accidents on record occurred at San I.uis Obispo, Cal it long ago when an automobile 'dropped CO feet over a bank, landed right side up and not one of the five occupants was even ci''itchc(l. W. I'. Tognuzzlni, accompanied by three women and a child, were pro ceeding on the state highway from fcnntu Muria.- When ; going over the fi'iide shrift dlsttinceHrom the Old ! nklav States dotted with plus with heads of vnrlims colors. The map resembles those used to show the movements of the belligerent armies. It Is. In deed, a map of nn invasion of the United States, hut It la not u nillitary Invasion. The colored plus show the Invasion of armies of disease throughout lh various states, tind each color denotes a (lltlereiit contagious disease, such as measles, scarlet fever, smallpox, meningitis and the like, as these diseases come llrst from the foci In the civilian population. Kvery day come reports from olllcers of the United States puhllc health de partment, and the plus ure moved about as the germ armies advance or retreat. At n single glance It can he told Just what discuses are prevalent or pres ent In any part of the country. Let us say, for Instance, that this inan shows a nmnhor of cases of meningitis h Kansas. The examining officers are Informed through the pub lic1 health reports, and ail upplicnnts for enlistment In the navy from the affected district ure watched for symp toms of prevailing diseases. The same Is true of every disease which can be carried or conveyed In any manner from one person or place to another. At the training stations the men are 'ept under observation for days until It Is practically certain that they are ; not carriers of Infection. . The conditions under which the men I live once they are in the navy are con duclve to health, and it is not easy for a disease to start ami gain a foot hold, but trniismlttiihlc diseases do not get Into the navy from the outside. Wherever great numbers of young men live together they are liable to epi demics, hut these diseases are quickly isolated and taken care of. It should be remembered that In peace times epidemics of disease are extremely rare in the navy, and the deaths are too few to attract atten tion. When, however, tit the outbreak of war hundreds of young civilians, as newly enlisted recruits, are brought together from all parts of the country and intimately associated, epidemics do occur. The boy from a home where tlie parents "do not believe in vaccina tions," from a town where the author ities think it unnecessary to quaran tine a contagious case, etc. Thus a youth whose little sister or brother has measles or scarlet fever and who may carry the disease is allowed to go away and enlist and in time he endan gers hundreds of others. In a great many ways the men them selves can better their health ami maintain it. These ways are showu to them, and many are required by the discipline of the navy. In the tirst place, the bulk of the navy is at sea. .Nothing certainly could he better to breathe tliau the pure sea air. The quarters in which tlie nun live are scrupulously clean. The ventilation Is good and the food plain but wholesome. Expert ilietitiuns have agreed upon I the navy rations, and the men are as sured of enough to eat to maintain their strength and health. Cold stor age facilities and the great quantities of food which can he curried on board ship make navy fare perhaps more varied and agreeable limn that which it is possible to give to the army in the field. Then there Is no possibility for the men to go outside and eat a lot of things for which their palates yearn but which upset tlie stomach. A certain amount of prescribed ex ercise must be indulged in every day. This keeps the men in condition and builds up their strength. I'ersonnl cleanliness is required of every man in the navy. His clothing and body are frequently inspected, lieu with unpleasant or unhealthy hab its tire not allowed to enlist. If any elude the vigilance of the examining surgeons they are dismissed from the service. Clean teeth, clean bodies and clean habits are rigidly enforced. The water on board ship Is of the purest, because It is distilled water. Frequent tests are made by the med ical ollicers to Insure its freedom from contamination. If I should give advice to the young nu n entering the navy us to their health it would he: "Keep (lean, wash frequently, eat tlie navy fare and do not stuff yourself with rich, unwholesome food when you go ashore. yer by profession, judge of u local court in North Carolina and a shrewd land speculator. Iu 1775 he and some associates made a treaty with the In dians by which they gained, or thought they gained, title to a body of Hut the steering gear refused to work and tho car went through the guard rails on the grade and dropped u dis tance of GO feet, landing upright on the trucks of the Pncitic Coast rall wnjr. Thick undergrowth failed to halt the downward flight of the car. Neither Tognazzin! nor any of the other occu pants of the car suffered any injury, although some of them were hurled from the car, but landed In brush. The only -damage to the automobile was a broken windshield. The party motored I V f $l . ,v " -' ill p . v-' " 1 y 1 1 fl DrWiJlmm C.8ristd.U.SJf. "Follow the directions and advice of the olllcers over you and report the lirst symptoms of Illness to the med ical officer. "When on liberty conduct yourselves as gentlemen and do not lay yourself liable to diseases which may wreck your own lives and he communicated to others. "In the case of landing parties do not drink Water promiscuously. Stick to the water ill your canteens or to the sources of supply which have al ready been tested and approved by the medical olllcers. "Keep your (pinners clean and ! not allow matter to lie around which will attract tiles or other Insects. Pro tect yourself from tiles and mosquitoes all you can, especially in tropical cli mates." If the boys In the navy will follow these simple rules they should he healthy. They must aid and supple ment the work of the medical oSlcers, who will see to It that conditions are made and kept conducive to health. A ship with Its complement of sev eral hundred men, sometimes more than l.iHKt. Is similar to a small town, having consideration for Its water sup ply, sewage disposal, lighting of Its passageways and living apartments, heating and ventilation of Its living I quart trs, protection against epidemic diseases, maintenance of tlie general health of the community nnd general hygienic and sanitary matters. I On board this ship there are officials who represent in a similar way tlie i various otticials of a town. The med ical officer, or ollicers, represents the ! board of health, the sanitary Inspector, i medical adviser and family physician, i lie represents all the medical talent i available to any community. No one with a friend or a relative : in the navy need fear for the man- i tier in wliii h the men are cared for in such circumstances. I Kvery morning tV-re is "sick call," at which time those wti'J feel indis- i posed report to the propci cfiicer. They i are at once examined and disposed of i according to their needs. Some are i given medicine and return to work. , Others may lie treated in their quar- ters and still others are sent to the ; sick bay and put in clean beds under the cure of trained male nurses. Tin; medical department on board ship is established in a generous space, i which is specilically provided for and ; desirably located in the original plans i of the vessel. In the larger vessels this space is divided into an examin ing room, dispensary, operating room, bathroom and the sick buy, which cor responds to a hospital ward, ami there i is generally a small isolation room i for contagious diseases. Should the patient become so 111 that he needs special care and quiet, he is transferred to the hospital ship which is in attendance on the fleet. Here the patients will be under medical of ficers thoroughly equipped with all medical and surgical appliances, In cluding X-ray machines and the most up-to-date apparatus. These hospitals are conducted after the manner of civilian institutions, the nursing staff consisting of a certain number of nurses of the nurse corps (women) and of the navy nnd hospital corps. On hoard these hospital ships are medical ollicers who have specialized in different lines of work, so that no matter from what the patient suiters lie is assured of the best medical and surgical cure. In addition to the hospital ships the navy maintains 20 shore hospitals, which are among the finest and best equipped in any service. The duty of the line officer Is to de stroy the enemy. The duty of the medical otiicer is to insure the physical fitness of the whole command, and, knowing the spirit which actuates the medical officer of the navy. I can do no more than say that as I have In trusted the health of my own son so would I advise others implicitly to intrust their sons to tho cure of the men who guard his health should he enlist in the navy. and his associates planned the organi zation of a state to lie called Transyl vania. Tlie plan had considerable backing, but it was opposed and de feated by the state of Virginia, which claimed title to the whole of Kentucky, Henderson made ns good a show of title by his treaty with the Indians that Virginia granted him 200,000 acres. He died in Hillsborough, N. C, January HO, 178u. A son of his, Leon ard Hcnilvrson, became one of the judges of the supreme court of North Carolina. on to town iu the car as if nothing had happened. Wise Mike. Mike looked very annoyed, nnd Pat Inquired the reason. 'A man told me lie was in favor of peace at any price," remarked Mike. "And theu what happened?" asked Pat. "I never answered him," said Mike. "I knew he was only tryln' to start a row an' make It look as though I w to blumel" 1) STORY CORN G IB AND GRANARY If He Would Prevent Waste, the Farmer Must House His Grain Carefully. APPROVED DESIGN DESCRIBED This Building Protect! Against Storm and Campnett and Saves Much Labor In Handling Work Room, Too, in Winter. Mr Wllllnm A. Kudtord will answer questions mid Klve advice KKKU OH" COST um all RUtJcctn (jcriiiliilhs to the mimvc't '' bullillhtf work on the farm, for lliu renders of tliix paper. On account of lili! wMo experience us Kdltur, Author and At lnufactnrer, he la, without douiit, I he blithest authority on all tlii-an milijccls. Addresa all inquires to Wllllnm A. Iliid furJ, No. Wit 1'rnlrU) avcmiu, t'lilciiKo, 111., and only melons two-cent itump for reply. By WILLIAM A. RADFORD. At this time it Is particularly neces sary that the farmer do everything In his power to prevent waste of grain and other foodstuffs. A great deal depends upon Ills ability to turn out record crops and his wisdom In caring for new crops until the produce Is placed on the market. There is a new Interest In the construction of corn cribs and granaries. The building shown In the accom panying Illustrations Is an excellent type for the average farmer. It Is a combined corn crib and granary built with two stories, 'JO by 40 feet on the ground. The height Is 18 feet to the ertcj. There are corn cribs at the sides i.ul grain bins overhead, In the center. A driveway 10 feet wide, having 10 feet of headroom, runs through the center below the bins. Such n building wives wastage, losses from storms and dampness, and it saves considerable labor In handling the grain. The driveway Is n workroom In win ter. In summer nnd fall It Is an en- j ' tor ImtU ot ear corn from die uiisKing ami small grains iriiin nor threshing machine. Iictwccn seasons It answers for storage for farm wag ons that are In use a good deal. It l a place for the fanning mill In A 4 iMint'i. iiijiui in spumed uuh n to tin fanning mill, cleaned, graded and spouted back to the bins by machinery. A cup elevator Is built In the cen ter of the building which takes grain from the boot on the floor, elevates It to the cupola and deposits It in n hop per. From this hopper the small grains nre delivered by spout to the different grain bins and ear corn is distributed in the same way to the different parts of the four cribs. Because the load of the grain when the bins nre full Is considerable, this structure must be strongly built. The foundations are Important, and must be proportioned to carry the load with out settling. The foundation' walls nnd footings and the floors are of concrete. The foundation wall extending around the outside of the building Is mude solid with footings two feet wide by eight Inches deep. There are two cross foundation walls under the interior bents which support the joists under the grain bins. These cross walls ure carried down to footings two feet wide by one foot deep. The concrete drive way is laid at grade, only enough ex cavation being made to prepare the It Si! OPWHG TOIL jHELm 01: 3 ffllfWfi'liii Si fLUWTOH. rn.rn.mr ouvaoncoNcucTt rux n iniiiii KH n ii in it j ii i ii e-r Ijl 1 1 n m CCMCUTE rtOCH First-Floor Plan. soil' for the concrete slab. The con crete Is laid about one foot six inches above grade under the corn cribs, ex cept for the trough nlong the center of each crib, the bottom of which Is only slightly above grade. This trough has vertical sides nnd Is used for the shelier drag nnd also for ventilating purposes. There is also a shelier j feeder on the market which consists of a chain conveyor with suitable operat ing mechanism which Is Installed in these troughs, a dividing partition be ing built into the trough so that the working length of the conveyor runs in the upper part of the trough, while the lower part serves as a return for the chain. In operation, the corn is al lowed to drop into the upper pnrt of the trough while the conveyor chain Is In motion, by removing boards laid over the trough when the crib is being filled, and it is then carried out of the end of the trough and fed to the heller. Me'v! wehcfa are used to hold the J:m-pssh.vJk -tusk wZ-r ?. feet of the studding In place above the concrete. No sills are used. Outside studding Is 2-lnrh by 0-Inch stuff, 1M Inches on centers, 13 feet long. Along the driveway, studs are 2-Inch by 10 Inch, 12 Inches on content, up to the double 2 Inch by 10-Inch plute upon which the bin Joists orb placed. These joists are 8-Inch by 14-Inch In size, placed 12 Inches on renters. The Inner studs, above the plate Just mentioned are 2-Inch by 0-Inch, 12 Inches on centers. The Inner und out er studs are tied together every 4 feet III both dlrectlous with 2-lncll by flinch sticks. LlkewUe. ties are extended across the grain bins near the center of the studs, 4 feet apart. The exterior of the corn crib wall Is covered with 1-inch by 0 Inch crib siding spaced I Inch apart. The end of the building outside of the bins and also the walls of the ctipoln lire cov ered with drop siding. Two trussed braces are placed lu the outside end of i i i i i i i i i i i i i t i i i i i i i CORN ' CRIB j ' 'Win 1 ,i i i ill ' i ' II I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I Jl - M If I I I I II 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I II '' ' li I I 1 I I ( I I I Second-Floor Plan. each bin to hold the studs In place against the pressure of the grain. The bins are sealed Inside with flooring. The rafters are 2 by 4's sheathed open and shingled. The cupola Is framed entirely with 2 by 4's. There Is a downspout in the center of each hln. These may be made easily of 1-inch by 10-inch boards, a wooden slide gate with hand hole being provided at the lower end, or sheet metal spouts may be used, the sheets being riveted together. The upper ends of the spouts are securely fastened to the joists. Six-light windows nre placed high up under the gables In the grain bins. and a window Is placed lu each end of the cupola. Double sliding doors nre used nt the ends of the driveway, these doors being hung on roller bear ing hangers mounted on protected steel tracks. The ' contents of this building represents a good share of the farmer's profits, so that a small Investment In lightning protection Is money wisely spent. At least one lightning rod should be used, mounted sre tin: I'l'ilk id the t-liooiu inof Ullll grounded by the shortest route. If the equipment within the building eon- i sists of any extensive metal parts, these should also he grounded through the lightning rod conductor. The building must, of course, con form to any special demands made upon it by the elevating machinery which is selected. In general, the cupola must be constructed so that corn and grain may be delivered by chute to the cribs and bins from the elevator head. Tlie floor must, for some elevators, be constructed with a pit under the elevator shaft. There Is sufficient headroom In the driveway so that the front of the wagon may he jacked up In unloading. Minor changes In such a building nre easily miMle,' but the principal point to be considered Is the strength of the struc ture. This building has been very carefully designed for strength with economy of materials considered. Tlie farmer will do well to be sure that any building which he Intends to erect for a similar purpose be carefully checked over by someone who has ex perience in the construction of grain loads and the strength of building ma terials. All in the Family. At a recent dinner, given In his hon or by the Society of Kentucklans in New York, Champ Clark, responding to the address of welcome, told this story : He said thnt the corner of the old state In which he was born had in It quite n colony of members of the fam ily that gave Abe Lincoln to the tui tion. They were ns poor as were most of the residents of the neighborhood In those early days. One of tlie more prosperous members of the tribe was an uncle of the future emancipator. This man, so Champ CInrk said, had a good share of the wit nnd the common sense nnd some of the physical charac- terlstics of his great nephew. "As a small boy." said the narrator, "I remember the old fellow very well. One night, ns he slept in his log cabin, his wife nudged him into wakefulness; nnd then he heard a sound of squawk ing in the henhouse. "'Get up quick V said the wife. 'Somebody's after our chickens. Take your gun nnr' shoot at 'em before they get away.' " 'No,' said the old man ns he settled back In bed; 'I reckon I'd rather not do that. I might kill some of the kin folks.'" Saturday Evening Post. Geese are very hardy and free from diseases and Insect pests. PARIS HAS FIRST 1). S. POSTOFFICE Departments In Charge of Se lected Men Who Volunteered Their Services. ESTABLISH TWO TERMINALS New York and Chicago Distributing Points, Whera Undo Sam Sorta and Labela Mall to VarU oua Points. Everything possible la being done to fucllltate the prompt handling of mall between this country and Uncle Sum's expeditionary forces In France, and the work litis been accomplished with remarkable speed. Postmaster General Burleson real Izes that to "the boys at the front" a letter from homo means much, and that tho coming and going of this mall is a matter of watchful anxiety on the part of the folks ut home, Nearly every family In America Is Interested to know how letters and parcels are dispatched to the expedl tlonary forces, and whether every par ticular Individual soldier, who Is the object of home affection and anxiety, will bo promptly found by the "letter currier," among the thousands who may be located at unnamed placed in France, Tho United States post office went to Europe In advance of the expedi tionary forces. A postal ugent was appointed for duty In France and a force was sent with him to provide for the opening of post offices as rapidly ns the needs of the army might re quire, lie was accompanied by a com' mlttee of postal officials. Tho ten highest men In each railway division, tho money order, registry nnd other specialized branches, who volunteered for this service were selected by the department for the French service. A number of these officials sacrificed higher pay nt home than they would re ceive for their services abroad, In their titrlotlc response to the call of spe cial duty. The "first United States post office In France" Is now operating in Paris, having comfortable quarters and thor ough equipment. Use Experts Who Volunteered. Tho postal force Is from time to time, as the needs of tho service re quire, being provided with experienced postal distributors, nnd stomp nnd Uioney order clerks, who nre selected from among the most expert In the postal service of this country who vol unteer their services. Additional post offices have been established as rap idly ns required. There are now In France six branch postal agencies or divisional offices handling the mall to nnd from the soldiers, selling stamps und Issuing money orders. Whenever the necessity has arisen for an addi tional branch post office or station it has been provided and in working or der within from 24 to 30 hours. To meet the requirement of additional service an organisation has been worked out in advance so that a num ber of men are regularly on hand be ing trained at the post offices already established so as to familiarize them with the work. Immediately upon the first contin gent of the American troops being or dered to France arrangements were made for n distributing center at New York, where the mails are distributed by regiments, companies, etc., so that upon their receipt In France they may be promptly dispatched to the proper military or other organization, some of which are widely scattered, nnd delivered to the soldiers without de lay. There is no delay In the delivery of mail to the Americans serving In France whether belonging to the expe ditionary forces or to other organiza tions, If properly addressed. The department has frequently re minded the public that the mall ad dressed to members of the expedition ary forces should designate the divis ion, the' regiment, the company, and the organization to which the address es belongs as "John Smith, Jr., Com pany X Infantry (Giving the num ber of the Infantry), American Expedi tionary Forces." The letter or parcel should also bear the return address of the sender, and be properly stamped. The limit of weight for a pnrcel Is 20 pounds. Two Military Terminals. The method of handling the mail for the expeditionary forces is to forward to the central distributing point at New Jfork In the Grand Central Terminal all matter mailed east of the Mississippi ; and to the military terminal point on Wabash ft venue, Chicago, matter mailed west of the Mississippi. At these two distributing points the mail is sorted and labeled to eudh of the units nnd dispatched by the first avail able steamer. Letters originating with American troops in France are censored by the American authorities nt regimental headquarters and after being passed nre turned over. to the postal author ities to be dispatched to the United States. Unpaid letters from soldiers in France upon their receipt in the United States have been taxed at a single rate, and the postage collected from those to whom the mail Is deliv ered, but by the provisions of the war revenue bill letter mall sent from France by members of the American forces wU1 be delivered postage free. Oyster Shells and Grit. Grit in some form Is essential to ducks, and should be kept before thein at all times. Purebred Geese Favored. Farmers are realizing more and more that nothing but pure-bred geese should be considered. Poor Management of Fowls. Do not keep the fowls that ure shed ding their fenthers and putting on their new plumage In hot, poorly ventilated mm UNITS III HAW Regular Strength Increased by Reserve In War Time. Large Number of New Training Campa Built by Unci Sam to Take Car of Great Number of Recruit. The various navy units now existing In addition to those of the regular nuvy are the naval reserve force, the marine corps, the marina corps re serve, the naval millllu ud the coust guard. The total enlisted strength of the navy Is about l.'IO.OOO men. The number of enlisted men In the navy has more than doubled since war will declared. In addition to this large number, about 85,000 enlisted In tho naval reserve force and 10,000 nation al naval volunteers, which is the feder alized naval mill tin. Besides the rien for duty In the sea man branch the navy needs men for service In special branches, such aa artificers, yeomen, electricians, the commissary, hospital corps nnd so on, to be selected on a basis of previous experience and of special aptitude. To provide for the many new re cruits, a large number of new training camps are being built. Work on these new training camps for naval recruit and reserves Is being rapidly rushed to completion. Severol large cumps have already been completed, Including camps for the marine corps, quarters will be provided for more than 80,000 men, and the approximate cost will be $0,000,000. All members of the naval reserve force, except the nnvnl auxiliary re serve, must be citizens of the United States. Members ot the nnval aux iliary reserve must be citizens of the United States or Its Insular posses sions. Memhers of the nnvnl reserve force are not required to perform any ac tive service In time of peace, but they mny be assigned to duty at their own request. However, they are obliged to serve through a war or national emergency, and no members of the nnval reserve force are eligible for confirmation in rank or rating until the completion of not less than three months' active service. The fleet nnval reserve is the reserve composed entirely of ex-service offi cers and men whose last service with the navy terminated honorably. Offi cers and men are enrolled in the rank or rating Inst held In the navy. Active service pay in this branch of the navy. Is in addition to the regular retainer pay and Is the full pay of the corre sponding rank In the navy of the same length of naval service. Sammy May Keep Cow; Uncle Sam Will Feed Her Soldiers In the American army not only mny keep a cow, hut they can feed it nt government expense, If they consume the milk. Tlie ruling of the judge advocnte general was given on the question of whether feed for a cow kept by a detachment of soldiers for production of milk for the detnehment mess could legally be purchased from the ration savings, In view of the regulation that "such savings shall be used solely for the pur chase of articles of food." UNCLE SAM BIG FOOD EUYER Board Bill for Country's Soldiers Soon Will Be $800,000 a Day, It la Estimated. t "War has made Uncle Sam the big gest buyer of food In this country and the board bill for his soldiers will be 800,000 a day," according to Charles Lathrop Pack, president of the nation al emergency food garden commission of Washington. "We are to have two million men un der arms shortly, according to the best reports. At 40 cents a day it will be seen what that means. True, these men ate before becoming soldiers to make the world safe for democracy. They doubtless ate more than 40 cents' worth daily, which Uncle Sam figures Is the cost per man, but you must re member that these men have suddenly become non-producers and they must be fed. The army is making great plans for camouflage to deceive the eyes of the enemy, but you cannot de ceive a soldier's stomach. He must have real food. "I am told that the reserve stock of foodstuffs at each camp Is $125,000, and there are 33 camps In the coun try today ; that means that food valued at $4,123,000 Is taken out of the regu lar channels of the trade. These fig ures give only an idea of the need of food conservation on the part of tho Individual at this time." American Product Displaced. Japanese cotton yarn is replacing the American product which formerly dominated the Hongkong, China, mar ket, Uncle Sam's consular agents re port. Exporters in this country, how ever, are still supplying high grade yarns In China. Pictures Appeal to Arabs. Pictorial advertising posters help greatly to sell several lines of Amer ican goods in Aden, Arabia. The high ly colored posters appeal strongly to the natives, according to ( ue of Uncle Sam's consular agent. henhouses now, If you want them to lay next winter. Market Cockerel. As soon as the cockerels are of broil er size those not Intended to be kept as breeders the following yeur should he marketed. . Market Surplut Ducks. All of the surplus ducks should have been marketed by this time and any that remain on hand should be sold a soon aa they can be fattened.