OCR Interpretation

The Celina Democrat. (Celina, O. [Ohio]) 1895-1921, November 02, 1917, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88077067/1917-11-02/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

or lie
Government has most careful provision for
sailors ill or wounded:: Service afloat very
desirable for youth of country from standpoint
of physical well being no cause for worry
By William 0. Braleted, Surgeon Gen
eral, United States Navy, In New
York Herald Magazine of
the War.
It Is perhaps somewhat strange, nnd
yet It Is u fact, that friends, and espe
cially parents, of hoys who enlist lu
the navy ure more gravely concerned
for the health of the men than with
the prospect of buttle casualties.
This state of mind is evidenced In
hundreds of letters which come to the
otiice of the surgeon general find In
the personal calls of scores of fathers
and mot hers who are apprehensive that
their suns niny become 111 and not re
ceive proper medical care.
As one mother put It, "If the hoys
fire going to he wounded or killed It
Is only what we must expect. It's
part of the war sacrifice and It enn't
be helped. We imist give our lives
and the lives of those dearer to us
than our own without iucsUon, but it
Is a terrible iIjIii,' io think of their
being 111 or exposed to disease need-
lessly wiih no one to take care of
The answer to this woman was to
show her through the medical depart
ment's headquarters in the navy an
nex building ami to explain to her Just
whnt Is being done, not only to care
for those who are 111 but to prevent
men of the navy from becoming ill.
She went nwuy contented her mind
at rest. A mother's care can, of
course, not be replaced by anything in
the world, but she was satisfied that
should her boy contract any ailment
he would have everything it le hu
manly possible to give him except her
Obviously, it Is Impossible to ex
plain personally to all callers Just how
the medical department of the navy is
conducted and how It works, but
through the Magazine of the War I
will be aide to reach thousands of
mothers and fathers who perhaps have
been concerned about the same thing.
In the tirst place, an ill or delicate
man cannot perform the duties re
quired in the navy, lie is u burden,
lie not only is useless himself while
111 out it requires other men to care
for him. and lie often becomes a men
ace to his shipmates.
' From the standpoint of eiliciency,
then, the navy must do everything in
lis power to keep the nun well and
strong. If for no other reason this
should reassure those interested in en
listed men in the navy.
Then take the medical ollicers. It
is their duly to cure the ill and pre
vent the well from becoming ill. If
they do not perform this duty satis
factorily they come to be known as
liieliicient ollicers. It is a matter of
pride wiih them to discharge their
duty well and faithfully. Moreover,
it is the spirit and tradition of the
corps to feel a human interest in all
the nitu and boys who come under
their care. They are specialists in
their line and yet they regard the men
wiih the same personal feeling that a
family physician has toward his pa
tients. That is a feeling which cannot be
bought and paid for. It Is the out
growth of their training, a part of the
esprit (le corps of tin; medical depart
ment. At the heads of the branches and
bureaus of the navy department (ire
men actuated by the same principles
men who feel that It Is the enlisted
sailor who is making the greatest sac
rifices for tile flag and that he is en
titled to the very best in comfort and
No man who is not physically sound
and in good health can enlist. There
fore the recruit Is supposedly well
when he enters the navy. The tirst
weeks of his service are passed at a
training station, where he Is made
Mronger physically, and here the reg
ular life and exercise make lilm even
n. ore healthy, as everybody can testify
w ho has watched the recruits arrive
at a station and lias seen them leave a
icw months later, standing strnlglitcr,
weighing more and often an Inch
Me is then assigned to some unit
in the regular navy. There he is un
der the constant supervision of physi
cians who have made a study of the
conditions under which he Is living
and the ailments ami disease to which
he Is liable. This is more than could
be said of him at home.
In tlie ollice of the surgeon general
of the navy hangs a map of the United
Transylvania was never a state, but
there was once a colonization move
ment and a settlement under that
name witicli aimed at the formation of
it state, but which failed. The move
ti.ent began Just before the beginning
of the, Revolutionary war under the I land comprising more than half of the
leadership of Jtichard Henderson of present state of Kentucky. When in
.'.ortli Carolina. Henderson was a luw- dependence was declared Henderson
Auto Drops 60 Feet; None Hurt
I'rblmbly what will be considered
one of thi- most unusual automobile
accidents on record occurred at San
I.uis Obispo, Cal it long ago when
an automobile 'dropped CO feet over a
bank, landed right side up and not
one of the five occupants was even
W. I'. Tognuzzlni, accompanied by
three women and a child, were pro
ceeding on the state highway from
fcnntu Muria.- When ; going over the
fi'iide shrift dlsttinceHrom the Old !
States dotted with plus with
heads of vnrlims colors. The
map resembles those used
to show the movements of the
belligerent armies. It Is. In
deed, a map of nn invasion of
the United States, hut It la
not u nillitary Invasion.
The colored plus show the
Invasion of armies of disease
throughout lh various states, tind each
color denotes a (lltlereiit contagious
disease, such as measles, scarlet fever,
smallpox, meningitis and the like, as
these diseases come llrst from the foci
In the civilian population.
Kvery day come reports from olllcers
of the United States puhllc health de
partment, and the plus ure moved
about as the germ armies advance or
At n single glance It can he told Just
what discuses are prevalent or pres
ent In any part of the country.
Let us say, for Instance, that this
inan shows a nmnhor of cases of
meningitis h Kansas. The examining
officers are Informed through the pub
lic1 health reports, and ail upplicnnts
for enlistment In the navy from the
affected district ure watched for symp
toms of prevailing diseases. The same
Is true of every disease which can be
carried or conveyed In any manner
from one person or place to another.
At the training stations the men are
'ept under observation for days until
It Is practically certain that they are
; not carriers of Infection.
. The conditions under which the men
I live once they are in the navy are con
duclve to health, and it is not easy
for a disease to start ami gain a foot
hold, but trniismlttiihlc diseases do not
get Into the navy from the outside.
Wherever great numbers of young men
live together they are liable to epi
demics, hut these diseases are quickly
isolated and taken care of.
It should be remembered that In
peace times epidemics of disease are
extremely rare in the navy, and the
deaths are too few to attract atten
tion. When, however, tit the outbreak
of war hundreds of young civilians, as
newly enlisted recruits, are brought
together from all parts of the country
and intimately associated, epidemics
do occur. The boy from a home where
tlie parents "do not believe in vaccina
tions," from a town where the author
ities think it unnecessary to quaran
tine a contagious case, etc. Thus a
youth whose little sister or brother
has measles or scarlet fever and who
may carry the disease is allowed to go
away and enlist and in time he endan
gers hundreds of others.
In a great many ways the men them
selves can better their health ami
maintain it. These ways are showu to
them, and many are required by the
discipline of the navy.
In the tirst place, the bulk of the
navy is at sea. .Nothing certainly could
he better to breathe tliau the pure
sea air. The quarters in which tlie
nun live are scrupulously clean. The
ventilation Is good and the food plain
but wholesome.
Expert ilietitiuns have agreed upon I
the navy rations, and the men are as
sured of enough to eat to maintain
their strength and health. Cold stor
age facilities and the great quantities
of food which can he curried on board
ship make navy fare perhaps more
varied and agreeable limn that which
it is possible to give to the army in
the field. Then there Is no possibility
for the men to go outside and eat a
lot of things for which their palates
yearn but which upset tlie stomach.
A certain amount of prescribed ex
ercise must be indulged in every day.
This keeps the men in condition and
builds up their strength.
I'ersonnl cleanliness is required of
every man in the navy. His clothing
and body are frequently inspected,
lieu with unpleasant or unhealthy hab
its tire not allowed to enlist. If any
elude the vigilance of the examining
surgeons they are dismissed from the
service. Clean teeth, clean bodies and
clean habits are rigidly enforced.
The water on board ship Is of the
purest, because It is distilled water.
Frequent tests are made by the med
ical ollicers to Insure its freedom from
If I should give advice to the young
nu n entering the navy us to their
health it would he:
"Keep (lean, wash frequently, eat
tlie navy fare and do not stuff yourself
with rich, unwholesome food when
you go ashore.
yer by profession, judge of u local
court in North Carolina and a shrewd
land speculator. Iu 1775 he and some
associates made a treaty with the In
dians by which they gained, or
thought they gained, title to a body of
Hut the steering gear refused to work
and tho car went through the guard
rails on the grade and dropped u dis
tance of GO feet, landing upright on
the trucks of the Pncitic Coast rall
wnjr. Thick undergrowth failed to halt the
downward flight of the car. Neither
Tognazzin! nor any of the other occu
pants of the car suffered any injury,
although some of them were hurled
from the car, but landed In brush. The
only -damage to the automobile was a
broken windshield. The party motored I
V f $l
. ,v " -' ill
p . v-' " 1 y 1 1 fl
DrWiJlmm C.8ristd.U.SJf.
"Follow the directions and advice of
the olllcers over you and report the
lirst symptoms of Illness to the med
ical officer.
"When on liberty conduct yourselves
as gentlemen and do not lay yourself
liable to diseases which may wreck
your own lives and he communicated
to others.
"In the case of landing parties do
not drink Water promiscuously. Stick
to the water ill your canteens or to
the sources of supply which have al
ready been tested and approved by
the medical olllcers.
"Keep your (pinners clean and !
not allow matter to lie around which
will attract tiles or other Insects. Pro
tect yourself from tiles and mosquitoes
all you can, especially in tropical cli
mates." If the boys In the navy will follow
these simple rules they should he
healthy. They must aid and supple
ment the work of the medical oSlcers,
who will see to It that conditions are
made and kept conducive to health.
A ship with Its complement of sev
eral hundred men, sometimes more
than l.iHKt. Is similar to a small town,
having consideration for Its water sup
ply, sewage disposal, lighting of Its
passageways and living apartments,
heating and ventilation of Its living I
quart trs, protection against epidemic
diseases, maintenance of tlie general
health of the community nnd general
hygienic and sanitary matters. I
On board this ship there are officials
who represent in a similar way tlie i
various otticials of a town. The med
ical officer, or ollicers, represents the !
board of health, the sanitary Inspector, i
medical adviser and family physician, i
lie represents all the medical talent i
available to any community.
No one with a friend or a relative :
in the navy need fear for the man- i
tier in wliii h the men are cared for in
such circumstances. I
Kvery morning tV-re is "sick call,"
at which time those wti'J feel indis- i
posed report to the propci cfiicer. They i
are at once examined and disposed of i
according to their needs. Some are i
given medicine and return to work. ,
Others may lie treated in their quar-
ters and still others are sent to the ;
sick bay and put in clean beds under
the cure of trained male nurses.
Tin; medical department on board
ship is established in a generous space, i
which is specilically provided for and ;
desirably located in the original plans i
of the vessel. In the larger vessels
this space is divided into an examin
ing room, dispensary, operating room,
bathroom and the sick buy, which cor
responds to a hospital ward, ami there i
is generally a small isolation room i
for contagious diseases.
Should the patient become so 111 that
he needs special care and quiet, he is
transferred to the hospital ship which
is in attendance on the fleet. Here
the patients will be under medical of
ficers thoroughly equipped with all
medical and surgical appliances, In
cluding X-ray machines and the most
up-to-date apparatus. These hospitals
are conducted after the manner of
civilian institutions, the nursing staff
consisting of a certain number of
nurses of the nurse corps (women)
and of the navy nnd hospital corps.
On hoard these hospital ships are
medical ollicers who have specialized
in different lines of work, so that no
matter from what the patient suiters
lie is assured of the best medical and
surgical cure.
In addition to the hospital ships the
navy maintains 20 shore hospitals,
which are among the finest and best
equipped in any service.
The duty of the line officer Is to de
stroy the enemy. The duty of the
medical otiicer is to insure the physical
fitness of the whole command, and,
knowing the spirit which actuates the
medical officer of the navy. I can do
no more than say that as I have In
trusted the health of my own son so
would I advise others implicitly to
intrust their sons to tho cure of the
men who guard his health should he
enlist in the navy.
and his associates planned the organi
zation of a state to lie called Transyl
vania. Tlie plan had considerable
backing, but it was opposed and de
feated by the state of Virginia, which
claimed title to the whole of Kentucky,
Henderson made ns good a show of
title by his treaty with the Indians
that Virginia granted him 200,000
acres. He died in Hillsborough, N. C,
January HO, 178u. A son of his, Leon
ard Hcnilvrson, became one of the
judges of the supreme court of North
on to town iu the car as if nothing had
Wise Mike.
Mike looked very annoyed, nnd Pat
Inquired the reason.
'A man told me lie was in favor of
peace at any price," remarked Mike.
"And theu what happened?" asked
"I never answered him," said Mike.
"I knew he was only tryln' to start a
row an' make It look as though I w
to blumel"
If He Would Prevent Waste, the
Farmer Must House His
Grain Carefully.
This Building Protect! Against Storm
and Campnett and Saves Much
Labor In Handling Work
Room, Too, in Winter.
Mr Wllllnm A. Kudtord will answer
questions mid Klve advice KKKU OH"
COST um all RUtJcctn (jcriiiliilhs to the
mimvc't '' bullillhtf work on the farm, for
lliu renders of tliix paper. On account of
lili! wMo experience us Kdltur, Author and
At lnufactnrer, he la, without douiit, I he
blithest authority on all tlii-an milijccls.
Addresa all inquires to Wllllnm A. Iliid
furJ, No. Wit 1'rnlrU) avcmiu, t'lilciiKo,
111., and only melons two-cent itump for
At this time it Is particularly neces
sary that the farmer do everything In
his power to prevent waste of grain
and other foodstuffs. A great deal
depends upon Ills ability to turn out
record crops and his wisdom In caring
for new crops until the produce Is
placed on the market. There is a new
Interest In the construction of corn
cribs and granaries.
The building shown In the accom
panying Illustrations Is an excellent
type for the average farmer. It Is a
combined corn crib and granary built
with two stories, 'JO by 40 feet on the
ground. The height Is 18 feet to the
ertcj. There are corn cribs at the
sides i.ul grain bins overhead, In the
center. A driveway 10 feet wide,
having 10 feet of headroom, runs
through the center below the bins.
Such n building wives wastage, losses
from storms and dampness, and it
saves considerable labor In handling
the grain.
The driveway Is n workroom In win
ter. In summer nnd fall It Is an en-
j ' tor ImtU ot ear corn from
die uiisKing ami small grains iriiin nor
threshing machine. Iictwccn seasons
It answers for storage for farm wag
ons that are In use a good deal.
It l a place for the fanning mill In
A 4
iMint'i. iiijiui in spumed uuh n to tin
fanning mill, cleaned, graded and
spouted back to the bins by machinery.
A cup elevator Is built In the cen
ter of the building which takes grain
from the boot on the floor, elevates It
to the cupola and deposits It in n hop
per. From this hopper the small grains
nre delivered by spout to the different
grain bins and ear corn is distributed
in the same way to the different parts
of the four cribs.
Because the load of the grain when
the bins nre full Is considerable, this
structure must be strongly built. The
foundations are Important, and must
be proportioned to carry the load with
out settling. The foundation' walls nnd
footings and the floors are of concrete.
The foundation wall extending around
the outside of the building Is mude
solid with footings two feet wide by
eight Inches deep. There are two cross
foundation walls under the interior
bents which support the joists under
the grain bins. These cross walls ure
carried down to footings two feet wide
by one foot deep. The concrete drive
way is laid at grade, only enough ex
cavation being made to prepare the
ouvaoncoNcucTt rux
iniiiii KH n ii in it j ii i ii e-r
Ijl 1 1
First-Floor Plan.
soil' for the concrete slab. The con
crete Is laid about one foot six inches
above grade under the corn cribs, ex
cept for the trough nlong the center
of each crib, the bottom of which Is
only slightly above grade. This trough
has vertical sides nnd Is used for the
shelier drag nnd also for ventilating
purposes. There is also a shelier j
feeder on the market which consists of
a chain conveyor with suitable operat
ing mechanism which Is Installed in
these troughs, a dividing partition be
ing built into the trough so that the
working length of the conveyor runs
in the upper part of the trough, while
the lower part serves as a return for
the chain. In operation, the corn is al
lowed to drop into the upper pnrt of
the trough while the conveyor chain
Is In motion, by removing boards laid
over the trough when the crib is being
filled, and it is then carried out of the
end of the trough and fed to the
Me'v! wehcfa are used to hold the
J:m-pssh.vJk -tusk wZ-r ?.
feet of the studding In place above the
concrete. No sills are used. Outside
studding Is 2-lnrh by 0-Inch stuff,
1M Inches on centers, 13 feet long.
Along the driveway, studs are 2-Inch
by 10 Inch, 12 Inches on content, up to
the double 2 Inch by 10-Inch plute
upon which the bin Joists orb placed.
These joists are 8-Inch by 14-Inch
In size, placed 12 Inches on renters.
The Inner studs, above the plate Just
mentioned are 2-Inch by 0-Inch, 12
Inches on centers. The Inner und out
er studs are tied together every 4
feet III both dlrectlous with 2-lncll by
flinch sticks. LlkewUe. ties are
extended across the grain bins near
the center of the studs, 4 feet apart.
The exterior of the corn crib wall Is
covered with 1-inch by 0 Inch crib
siding spaced I Inch apart. The end
of the building outside of the bins and
also the walls of the ctipoln lire cov
ered with drop siding. Two trussed
braces are placed lu the outside end of
i i i i i i i i i i i i i t i i i i i i i
' 'Win
1 ,i i i ill ' i '
II I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 1 I Jl - M If I I I I II 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I II
'' ' li I I 1 I I ( I I I
Second-Floor Plan.
each bin to hold the studs In place
against the pressure of the grain. The
bins are sealed Inside with flooring.
The rafters are 2 by 4's sheathed
open and shingled. The cupola Is
framed entirely with 2 by 4's. There
Is a downspout in the center of
each hln. These may be made
easily of 1-inch by 10-inch boards,
a wooden slide gate with hand hole
being provided at the lower end, or
sheet metal spouts may be used, the
sheets being riveted together. The
upper ends of the spouts are securely
fastened to the joists.
Six-light windows nre placed high
up under the gables In the grain bins.
and a window Is placed lu each end of
the cupola. Double sliding doors nre
used nt the ends of the driveway,
these doors being hung on roller bear
ing hangers mounted on protected
steel tracks. The ' contents of this
building represents a good share of
the farmer's profits, so that a small
Investment In lightning protection Is
money wisely spent. At least one
lightning rod should be used, mounted
tin: I'l'ilk id the t-liooiu inof Ullll
grounded by the shortest route. If
the equipment within the building eon- i
sists of any extensive metal parts,
these should also he grounded
through the lightning rod conductor.
The building must, of course, con
form to any special demands made
upon it by the elevating machinery
which is selected. In general, the
cupola must be constructed so that
corn and grain may be delivered by
chute to the cribs and bins from the
elevator head. Tlie floor must, for
some elevators, be constructed with
a pit under the elevator shaft. There
Is sufficient headroom In the driveway
so that the front of the wagon may
he jacked up In unloading. Minor
changes In such a building nre easily
miMle,' but the principal point to be
considered Is the strength of the struc
ture. This building has been very
carefully designed for strength with
economy of materials considered. Tlie
farmer will do well to be sure that
any building which he Intends to erect
for a similar purpose be carefully
checked over by someone who has ex
perience in the construction of grain
loads and the strength of building ma
terials. All in the Family.
At a recent dinner, given In his hon
or by the Society of Kentucklans in
New York, Champ Clark, responding
to the address of welcome, told this
story :
He said thnt the corner of the old
state In which he was born had in It
quite n colony of members of the fam
ily that gave Abe Lincoln to the tui
tion. They were ns poor as were most
of the residents of the neighborhood
In those early days. One of tlie more
prosperous members of the tribe was
an uncle of the future emancipator.
This man, so Champ CInrk said, had a
good share of the wit nnd the common
sense nnd some of the physical charac-
terlstics of his great nephew.
"As a small boy." said the narrator,
"I remember the old fellow very well.
One night, ns he slept in his log cabin,
his wife nudged him into wakefulness;
nnd then he heard a sound of squawk
ing in the henhouse.
"'Get up quick V said the wife.
'Somebody's after our chickens. Take
your gun nnr' shoot at 'em before they
get away.'
" 'No,' said the old man ns he settled
back In bed; 'I reckon I'd rather not
do that. I might kill some of the kin
folks.'" Saturday Evening Post.
Geese are very hardy and free from
diseases and Insect pests.
Departments In Charge of Se
lected Men Who Volunteered
Their Services.
New York and Chicago Distributing
Points, Whera Undo Sam Sorta
and Labela Mall to VarU
oua Points.
Everything possible la being done to
fucllltate the prompt handling of mall
between this country and Uncle
Sum's expeditionary forces In France,
and the work litis been accomplished
with remarkable speed.
Postmaster General Burleson real
Izes that to "the boys at the front"
a letter from homo means much, and
that tho coming and going of this
mall is a matter of watchful anxiety
on the part of the folks ut home,
Nearly every family In America Is
Interested to know how letters and
parcels are dispatched to the expedl
tlonary forces, and whether every par
ticular Individual soldier, who Is the
object of home affection and anxiety,
will bo promptly found by the "letter
currier," among the thousands who
may be located at unnamed placed in
Tho United States post office went
to Europe In advance of the expedi
tionary forces. A postal ugent was
appointed for duty In France and a
force was sent with him to provide for
the opening of post offices as rapidly
ns the needs of the army might re
quire, lie was accompanied by a com'
mlttee of postal officials. Tho ten
highest men In each railway division,
tho money order, registry nnd other
specialized branches, who volunteered
for this service were selected by the
department for the French service. A
number of these officials sacrificed
higher pay nt home than they would re
ceive for their services abroad, In their
titrlotlc response to the call of spe
cial duty.
The "first United States post office
In France" Is now operating in Paris,
having comfortable quarters and thor
ough equipment.
Use Experts Who Volunteered.
Tho postal force Is from time to
time, as the needs of tho service re
quire, being provided with experienced
postal distributors, nnd stomp nnd
Uioney order clerks, who nre selected
from among the most expert In the
postal service of this country who vol
unteer their services. Additional post
offices have been established as rap
idly ns required. There are now In
France six branch postal agencies or
divisional offices handling the mall to
nnd from the soldiers, selling stamps
und Issuing money orders. Whenever
the necessity has arisen for an addi
tional branch post office or station it
has been provided and in working or
der within from 24 to 30 hours. To
meet the requirement of additional
service an organisation has been
worked out in advance so that a num
ber of men are regularly on hand be
ing trained at the post offices already
established so as to familiarize them
with the work.
Immediately upon the first contin
gent of the American troops being or
dered to France arrangements were
made for n distributing center at New
York, where the mails are distributed
by regiments, companies, etc., so that
upon their receipt In France they may
be promptly dispatched to the proper
military or other organization, some
of which are widely scattered, nnd
delivered to the soldiers without de
lay. There is no delay In the delivery
of mail to the Americans serving In
France whether belonging to the expe
ditionary forces or to other organiza
tions, If properly addressed.
The department has frequently re
minded the public that the mall ad
dressed to members of the expedition
ary forces should designate the divis
ion, the' regiment, the company, and
the organization to which the address
es belongs as "John Smith, Jr., Com
pany X Infantry (Giving the num
ber of the Infantry), American Expedi
tionary Forces." The letter or parcel
should also bear the return address
of the sender, and be properly stamped.
The limit of weight for a pnrcel Is 20
Two Military Terminals.
The method of handling the mail for
the expeditionary forces is to forward
to the central distributing point at New
Jfork In the Grand Central Terminal all
matter mailed east of the Mississippi ;
and to the military terminal point on
Wabash ft venue, Chicago, matter
mailed west of the Mississippi. At
these two distributing points the mail
is sorted and labeled to eudh of the
units nnd dispatched by the first avail
able steamer.
Letters originating with American
troops in France are censored by the
American authorities nt regimental
headquarters and after being passed
nre turned over. to the postal author
ities to be dispatched to the United
States. Unpaid letters from soldiers
in France upon their receipt in the
United States have been taxed at a
single rate, and the postage collected
from those to whom the mail Is deliv
ered, but by the provisions of the war
revenue bill letter mall sent from
France by members of the American
forces wU1 be delivered postage free.
Oyster Shells and Grit.
Grit in some form Is essential to
ducks, and should be kept before thein
at all times.
Purebred Geese Favored.
Farmers are realizing more and
more that nothing but pure-bred geese
should be considered.
Poor Management of Fowls.
Do not keep the fowls that ure shed
ding their fenthers and putting on their
new plumage In hot, poorly ventilated
Regular Strength Increased by
Reserve In War Time.
Large Number of New Training Campa
Built by Unci Sam to Take Car
of Great Number of Recruit.
The various navy units now existing
In addition to those of the regular
nuvy are the naval reserve force, the
marine corps, the marina corps re
serve, the naval millllu ud the coust
guard. The total enlisted strength of
the navy Is about l.'IO.OOO men. The
number of enlisted men In the navy
has more than doubled since war will
declared. In addition to this large
number, about 85,000 enlisted In tho
naval reserve force and 10,000 nation
al naval volunteers, which is the feder
alized naval mill tin.
Besides the rien for duty In the sea
man branch the navy needs men for
service In special branches, such aa
artificers, yeomen, electricians, the
commissary, hospital corps nnd so on,
to be selected on a basis of previous
experience and of special aptitude.
To provide for the many new re
cruits, a large number of new training
camps are being built. Work on these
new training camps for naval recruit
and reserves Is being rapidly rushed to
completion. Severol large cumps have
already been completed, Including
camps for the marine corps, quarters
will be provided for more than 80,000
men, and the approximate cost will be
All members of the naval reserve
force, except the nnvnl auxiliary re
serve, must be citizens of the United
States. Members ot the nnval aux
iliary reserve must be citizens of the
United States or Its Insular posses
sions. Memhers of the nnvnl reserve force
are not required to perform any ac
tive service In time of peace, but they
mny be assigned to duty at their own
request. However, they are obliged
to serve through a war or national
emergency, and no members of the
nnval reserve force are eligible for
confirmation in rank or rating until
the completion of not less than three
months' active service.
The fleet nnval reserve is the reserve
composed entirely of ex-service offi
cers and men whose last service with
the navy terminated honorably. Offi
cers and men are enrolled in the rank
or rating Inst held In the navy. Active
service pay in this branch of the navy.
Is in addition to the regular retainer
pay and Is the full pay of the corre
sponding rank In the navy of the same
length of naval service.
Sammy May Keep Cow;
Uncle Sam Will Feed Her
Soldiers In the American army
not only mny keep a cow, hut
they can feed it nt government
expense, If they consume the
milk. Tlie ruling of the judge
advocnte general was given on
the question of whether feed for
a cow kept by a detachment of
soldiers for production of milk
for the detnehment mess could
legally be purchased from the
ration savings, In view of the
regulation that "such savings
shall be used solely for the pur
chase of articles of food."
Board Bill for Country's Soldiers Soon
Will Be $800,000 a Day, It
la Estimated. t
"War has made Uncle Sam the big
gest buyer of food In this country and
the board bill for his soldiers will be
800,000 a day," according to Charles
Lathrop Pack, president of the nation
al emergency food garden commission
of Washington.
"We are to have two million men un
der arms shortly, according to the best
reports. At 40 cents a day it will be
seen what that means. True, these
men ate before becoming soldiers to
make the world safe for democracy.
They doubtless ate more than 40 cents'
worth daily, which Uncle Sam figures
Is the cost per man, but you must re
member that these men have suddenly
become non-producers and they must
be fed. The army is making great
plans for camouflage to deceive the
eyes of the enemy, but you cannot de
ceive a soldier's stomach. He must
have real food.
"I am told that the reserve stock
of foodstuffs at each camp Is $125,000,
and there are 33 camps In the coun
try today ; that means that food valued
at $4,123,000 Is taken out of the regu
lar channels of the trade. These fig
ures give only an idea of the need of
food conservation on the part of tho
Individual at this time."
American Product Displaced.
Japanese cotton yarn is replacing
the American product which formerly
dominated the Hongkong, China, mar
ket, Uncle Sam's consular agents re
port. Exporters in this country, how
ever, are still supplying high grade
yarns In China.
Pictures Appeal to Arabs.
Pictorial advertising posters help
greatly to sell several lines of Amer
ican goods in Aden, Arabia. The high
ly colored posters appeal strongly to
the natives, according to ( ue of Uncle
Sam's consular agent.
henhouses now, If you want them to
lay next winter.
Market Cockerel.
As soon as the cockerels are of broil
er size those not Intended to be kept
as breeders the following yeur should
he marketed. .
Market Surplut Ducks.
All of the surplus ducks should have
been marketed by this time and any
that remain on hand should be sold a
soon aa they can be fattened.

xml | txt