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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CEUNA, OHIO TEMPORARY QUARTERS FOR WAR WORKERS Presents That Will Please olvtion'of tl:c Bfacd'CpW Imiiiwjlhb) twicAVh K icaiiy 7cuVri(ficss XA Tlxrcjcillbcviorcofpray Wm ' 4V rthfnm rnv'rrf hahc ln iieshair tlhti thrcwill. KVv7 ; m X MANY millions of bonus this year there will bo no merry I ones In the bolls t Itllt 1'illg throughout tilt" Christian world uu Christ iniis day. To mothers, wives, sweethearts, who t a. PS. have lost sons, husbands, losers. In i ho world madness, tUirlst mus bolls will sound us lmrsh, motnl Ho clangor, crystallizing sadness and despair. Perhaps the women whoso Hun iiro In the armies will receive In tho music from the chiireli lowers mes sages of hope uud Inspiration. I'.ut speaking metaphorically, how the Vuletido bells ring and Just whoa they ring, who ring's thoui and bow long, are matters of national tasto that will seem queer to you If while you happen to be roysiering in Spain, you think of Sweden kneeling In sol emnity; or In England eating your way through Christmas day, you consider tho Russians chanting the myths of the Goddess of the Sun, or in Italy listening to the children reciting their godly pieces in the streets, you remem ber Now York and its theaters with "special Christmas performances." Christmas in England never has re gained tho measure of pure revelry It iield before the reformation. Only the remnants of those hearty times when the land was glutted with epicurean Tichnes.s tire wh.it are left for old England today, but these are enough to make the celebration distinct iu its ponderosity. Wherever Christmas Is found in the British isles there Is a plum pudding, that, heaviest of edibles that seems to Improve in taste with every pound tipped off on the scales. In Ireland they accompany u gen erous slice with long drinks of what they call "lamb's-wool," made by bruis ing roasted apples mixed with ale or milk. If food and drink are the great er parts of jollity, there are no mer rier Christmases in the land than those in England. Uut there is little Christ mas lore and superstition. Now and then you will hour some old lireside crony drone away about the bad con sequences of a red and dusky New Year's day, or peer out anxiously for the first visitor, whose sex determines good or ill luck during the coming year. The authors have put into rhyme just what you would do if you were passing your Christmas day with the British : At Christmas time wo deck the hall With holly branches bravo and tall. With sturdy pine and hemlock bright. And In the Yulo-los's dancing liht We tell old tales of field and light I At Christmas time. At Christmas time we pile the board With flesh and fruit and vintage stored. And 'mid the lauphter and the glow We tread a measure soft and slow. And kiss beneath the mistletoe At Christmas time. Germany has no long years of riot ous Christmases to look back upon. There is no country in peace times where the celebration Is more whole somely merry than in Germany. The Germans begin a week before Christ mas day to bryig In evergreens of all sizes which tlu'y pile up in the public squares of tho cities and towns until these look li;e forests of pines and hemlocks. N t one tree, but two, each German family must have and those too poor to buy them are assisted by those who have plenty. St. Nicholas Is the old fellow at the bottom of this .sea sonal merriment. On the eve of St. Nicholas day, December 0, Uie Christ mas festival begins. That is tho day when the German children behave! For a man who is good at keeping secrets impersonates the saint and goes around inquiring how the chil dren have acted during the year. He carries a bundle of birch switches with him and leaves them in the homes where he thinks they may be needed. The day before Christinas in Ger many (peace time Germany, remem ber) the mothers trim the bouse from top to bottom with strings of hard frosted Christinas cakes and railing greens. When it comes to trimming the Christmas trees themselves, then you may play out in the yard, take a walk, or get out of the way some where, for this is secret business be tween mothers and Kris Kringle. On Sky Signs in London. The failure of tho siren to rise above the "roar of London" has caused the authorities to experiment, with sky signs. Once before; the government experienced n difficulty in warning London Of the approach of an enemy. At the time when Napoleon threatened England with invasion elaborate prep irations were made to cut the main roads leading to London. The warn ing for the City Eencibles to proceed with these operations was to be given from the coast the moment the French & Heartfelt California Tribute. I have paid numerous tributes to the army mule, writes a contributor in the San" Diego Union, and right here I am going to give him further praise. When a horse is shot in battle his mate snorts and plunges and becomes un manageable, but when a mule's mate is shot he quietly waits for them to bring on another mule. Corea's Iron Ore. The output of Iron ore In Corea In tB18 snymated to 245,418 tons. tables under the trees are Hie gilts, surprising gills they would seem to some a soap-nse, an artiliclal llower, knitted lace, a Christmas cake, or a sausage- or cheese. Most of them have verses attached, written in curious me ler. Not until six o'clock in the eve ning are the doors open for the fes tivity of the trees. Tonight the horses and cows of the German farmers have peculiar gifts. It is said that the cat tle kneel on Christmas eve and say a few animal prayers. It is a very great slu to listen to their conversa tion, else it would be recorded here. If reindeer could talk on Christmas eve. the ones that pull the lannly sleighs of the Lapps of Laplaud, what wouldn't they tell of long journeys over ice and snow for days before Christ mas in order to have their masters and the children at church on Christ mas morning! Miles over the snow come the people of the North to hear ... cmiilbir monotoned message ot tho birth of the Christchild from the r pastors. There is no lightness in this ceremonv, nor any gin for tUo a dren, nor gay music. The tent or hut homes are lilled with guests for the Christmas holidays, so full that there is no room for evergreens or candles. Thev take their Christmas with faces as solemn as mummies and make the attendant ceremonies as unjoyful as possible. Marriages are performed dur ing the season, children are sent to school for a few weeks, babies are christened, the dead are buried, and liquor is sent around with lavishness. This is Christinas for the Lapps. W ho will change with them? Norway ouislde of Lapland has a more joyous time of it. Norwegian children have Christmas trees and lit tle gifts that are hidden in out-of-the-wav corners for them to find. Every laid iu Norway must know of an ap proaching Christmas, for the boys and girls tie oats and corn on the trees, the fences, the tops of houses and barns, and on high poles they erect in their yards so that the birds may feast with them. What a chattering there must be in Norway on Christmas morn- 111!! After n dav of leasting auu church services, little boys with white mantles and star-shaped lanterns, car rvlng dolls to represent the Virgin Marv and the Christchild, sing carols in ihe homes. Strolling musicians serenade at twilight. To be clean for Christmas is the problem that haunts the Swedish housewife. For days she scours and scrubs and washes. Not a piece of trimming or furniture is left unpol ished. All dirt is sinful, and must not be tolerated at this holy season. While the cleaning is going on. there is the baking of Christmas breads, ring shaped, that must dry under the beams for a week or two, and the brewing of spiced drinks. A wine that the Swedish women make with ul monds and spices is an aromatic quaff with a holiday smell. Never can there be a proper Christmas in Sweden with out home-made cheeses, especially the sweet ones made of boiled sweet milk and molded fantastically. Santa Claus appears in person to Swedish children and distributes his sled of gifts. When he has disappeared as mysteriously as he came, they join hands and sing Christinas jingles until they work up a fine appetite for Christmas mush, an Indispensable sweet rice boiled a long time in milk with cinnamon and sugar, with blanched almonds for fla vor, to be eaten with cream. Christ mas fish in Sweden lias the same share of respectability that rare roast beef has In England. It is buried for days in wood ashes, then boiled and served with hot milk. Sled parties of forty or fifty sleds each go to church on Christmas morning, with the ringing of long rows of sleigh bells nnd festive trappings. The day Itself Is one of peace and quiet. But on the next day the fun begins, nnd continues until all their four holidays are over Christ mas, tlie day after, the twelfch day, and the twentieth. The ceremony of untrimming the tree is ns much of a frolic as its decoration. There are no house greens to take down, because this is their sign of mourning, but there are flowers if they tan be ob tained. transports were sighted. Various moans of communicating the warning were tried, and in the end It was de cided that beacons should be used by night and smoke clouds by day. Many false alarms were given, but though Napoleon's troops were on the point of embarking on more than one occa sion they never left Boulogne. Dun dee Ads-ertiser. Cowhide Horseshoes. Horseshoes of cowhide are, it said, made in Australia. Is Name Trees for Hlndenburg. Among other rites on Hindenburg's seventieth birthday was the planting In all parts of Germany of trees named after hlra. This follows the precedent of planting "Bismarck oaks," which flourish by hundreds In various dis tricts. The newspapers mentioned in touching accents, says a correspondent, that many patriots planted fruit trees for Hlndenburg instead of oaks, Intend ing that In the years to come on Oc tober 2 Httle children will gather and receive rations of apples, pears, and mi J 3"V-l ' '!i : "TYaI WA Christmas turkeys In Denmark are geese that share honors at the Christ mas feast with a special kind of cake. The salt-cellar remains on the table throughout Yuletide just to uphold tradition. At midnight on Christmas eve those who have fruit trees take lanterns and a stick and find their way into the orchards. Each tree Is struck three times by the head of the house witli the injunction, "Itejolce and be fruitful." No one who can possibly avoid It works from Christ mas until after New Year's day. "Greetings for the Lord's birth" Is the Russian way of saying, "Merry Christmas," to which the answer is, "God be with you." Besides celebrat ing the nativity, the Russians cherish a mystical lore of the Goddess of the Sun, who, at Christmas time, was sup posed to enter her sledge, dressed in gorgeous robes and headdress, nnd turn her horses toward summer. Here and there in the great country a vil lage maiden, dressed in white and drawn on a sledge from house to house, represents the Goddess of the Sun, while her retinue sing carols. After attending a Christmas eve seiv ice in church, Russians set out to have a frolicking Christmas in a community way. One who has a large house in vites many other households, which come bringing cakes and other sweets. They would freeze in their sledges rather than alight before receiving the greetings of host and hostess. There are a large feast, games, snowballing, and recitations and songs, sometimes lasting throughout the night. One wonders how revolutionary anarchistic '""l warworn wm - orate uie nin. v-mm i. France has a quiet Christmas, giv ing less prominence to it than to any of the other days In the holiday cal endar. Old folks in the provinces tell about times when Christmas was a gay season, celebrated with great romp anil joy. The shopkeepers furbish their stalls for the gift season, nnd the confectioners make those delicious little cakes with sugar forms of the Christchild on top. Scraps of Yule tide tradition are dearly held In the homes of some of the peasants. The ashes of the great Yule log are thought to bo protection against lightning and bad luck ; the old log has magic power to fill with peppermints shoes left beside it, and its ashes dropped Into medicine have wonderful curative pow ers. French children have Christmas trees and little cradles made of ever greens, representations of the holy manger. France sings carols inrougu the whole month of December, stroll ing musicians playing their Noels from house to house. The presence of American soldiers there this year un doubtedly will alter the ancient cus toms of the people somewhat. Christmas in Italy means a chil dren's season, wherein the little folks reconsecrate themselves by singing and reciting pieces in the streets, and in Spain it means no end of social gayety among the young folks, almost to the point of such roystering as Americans indulge in on Hallowe'en. Iu America it seems to be a gala com bination of these old-world customs and others with a little more lavish ness and good-time display From "Yuletide In Many Lands," by Mary P. Pringle and Clara A. Urann. His Little Jest. "I thought you were an ardent food conservationist signed the pledge and all that." "That's true." "Then why complain so loudly when I phone you that I won't be home to dinner?" Probably So. "That fellow robbed me once." "He robbed me, too." "Fate will overtake him some time." "I dunno." "Huh?" "I've given up most of my ideas about getting revenge. I've come to the conclusion that fate mtfst nolle pros quite a few cases." A True Philosopher. "What is the philosopher's stone?" "I guess that is the stone we don't chuck at the other fellow." plums "as symbolical reminders of the fruits which Hlndenburg bestowed upon the fatherland for all time to come." The Dog Knew It. While tracing a lost customer a col lector happened to meet a four-year-old tot and the little fellow was asked if he knew Mr. and Mrs. Green, and to what place they had moved. Pointing his finger at a dog standing a few feet away, the small boy said: 'There is their dog; he ought to ksow" BEDROOM FINERY. Every Christinas Is greeted with dainty new boudoir caps anil JncketH, sometimes designed for wear only In the bedroom and Botnetlnies meeting the requirements of the breakfast ta ble. Here is a pretty Jacket made of wide pink ribbon mid lace which may be slipped on over the nightdress or petticoat, for bedroom wear. Tho tap Is merely a hand of wide ribbon with frill of lace at each edge headed by u fancy braid. HOMEMADE CHARACTER DOLLS. Carl and Tat ulong with Gretchen and Hortense, are making eyes at us this Christmas, inviting us to inquire Into their merits. They belong to a new order of the beloved rag dolls that have always held the warmest corner of little folks' hearts. These dolls are made of discarded socks or stockings and stuffed with cotton. White socks are used for the heads and colored ones for the bodies etching with heavy mercerized makes ties and garters and represents I buttons. The eyes, nose and moutii are outlined also In black and reti. Two-toned silk socks, usually in a bright color on the wrong side are much sought after by the makers of j these jolly looking character dolls. SOLDIER'S PORTFOLIO. A small, neat portfolio to carry sta tionery, pen and pencil for the soldier is one of the gifts that can he made 5 JW&Tt 57T7 for him at home. It is a simple affair, of substantial brown denim, and re quires nothing else but thread and snap fasteners, to make a very complete and handy writing case. As shown in the picture, the case is about ten Inches wide and sixteen rumcTMe-T!Mir inn PIRFS unnioimiw ii mi- i-w Ancient Practice Dates Back to Saxon Times and Through the Medi eval Period. The one apartment which stands out most prominently in the history of do mestic habitations from Saxon times and throughout the medieval period to the prosaic present is the great hall, or fire hall, wherein the family and the guests were wont to assemble. The method of heating this apartment wns in the beginning merely a log fire built upon a stone hearth in the center of the room. The smoke from this fire endeavored to find Its way out of a hole In the roof of the hall, but was' often driven back by a gust of wind, to the discomfort of the occu pants. From this rude beginning the fireplace which we know today was evolved. In the old manor houses the most notable fireplace ceremony of the year was the dragging In and placing of the great log at Christmas time. The an cient Yuletide revels must have pre dated n striking picture when the as- Pi 1 ? mm Inches long. Ono side of It holds three blotters that make a good support for tho writing tablet In cramped quarters i where there Is no tablo. On tho other side are compartments for paper, en velopes, post cards and stamps. A narrow Ktrap of tho denim, Is sewed down at the center to carry pen uud pencil. Ink can bo carried In solid form now. It comes In small sticks thnt dissolve In water. The case fast ens with strong snap fasteners us In dicated In the picture. It Is a good Idea to embroider tho initials on belongings made for the boys In tho service because ro many kits and portfolios are alike In all de tails, r.estdes it Is another evidence of thouglilfulness on the part of tho donor. REMEMBER THE BABY. Even the baby Is to have a pntrlotk bent given to his affections, by means of toys this year. Uncle Sam appears among the clever, home-made Christ mas dolls, that reveal a rubber hull somewhere In their anatomy. They have limp bodies, stuffed with n little cotton and are dressed In cotton fa- brics, as cotton flannel, eldordowu or percale. In the Uncle Sam doll the ball Is used for the head but in the other one it makes the body. Tills doll is dressed In blue eiderdown and has a row of the tiniest pearl buttons down its rotund tummy. When, the ball is punched the doll squeals much to the surprise and delight of his babyship. WISHBONE THIMBLE CASE. A pretty thimble case, made of a wishbone saved from the wreck of the Thanksgiving turkey, is something new. Heavy silk or mercerized cot ton is used for crochet lace to make u wide border about the wishbone. It is crocheted with a beading to carry baby ribbon that is run through it and made into three little bows as shown in the picture. A tiny bag, to hold the thimble, is suspended between the ends ofthe bone and the pretty gift is suspended by ribbon hangers. NOVEL COAT HANGER. Another of those pretty novelties, made of painted wood appears in the coat hanger shown above. These hang ers are shown In the stores, pninted white with the figure outlined on them in black, ready to paint in any colors one may choose. This one pictures a girl in smart riding, hat and black collar with white stock. The face and arms of the hanger are to be painted according to Individual fancy. I cendlng flames lighted up the gayly- dressed company, seen in contrast to the blackened timbers of the lofty oak en roof. To find the origin of oty own deeply recessed fireplaces we must go back to "the time when the Normans In whose strongholds of two or more sto ries the central position wns imprac ticableplaced the fire in a shallow recess under an arch In the side wall of the chamber. This means of escape for the smoke does not appear to have been very successful, as we find a lit tle later a flue carried up in the wall and finished with n tall cylindrical chimney. The Normans provided no recess un der the flue, but a hood was construct ed over the hearth to collect the smoke. As fireplaces increased in number the trend was toward a deep er hearth recess, when the hoods be came unnecessary and ceased to be used. No man can be brave who thinks pain the greatest evil; nor temperate who considers pleasure the highest good. Cicero. iff iw I it fWS !-! 7 X ' , .' 1. - ), r, nt.uiUMMinf--"- . ifnir " ll "' nn nnrm iHmlMI III mtrnt Considerable vacant apace owned by Uncle Sam in Washington J. b Ing rapidly covered wlth Immense temporary structures to house ' th rPid' extending war machinery of the various government Pment The plc ture .hows a building being erected for the ordnance bureau of the war de partment. Cantonment construction, regarded as marvelous, wa. no more .needy than the erection of these buildings in Washington. In one case a pleasure park ha. been denuded of many .plendid tree. In order to furnish convenient quarters for government worker.. There are more than a dozen of these temporary structures. POSTAL SERVICE GROWS RAPIDLY Uncle Sam's Business Has Shown Great Increase in Recent Years. NEW METHODS ARE REQUIRED More General Use of Vehicles, Espe. dally Automobiles, Made tfeces sary by the Parcel Post. Almost everyone realizes that the mall sen-Ice of the country Increases nmidlv. but few perhaps really real ize the full extent of this growth. It is stnted by officials of the post office department that during the past four years free delivery of mail by letter carriers has been established In more than 2o0 additional cities, aud the free delivery territory of other cities has been so greatly extended that tho ad ditional number of patrons served by Uncle Sam is conservatively estimated at 5,000,000. In 1012, for instance, four pounds was the limit of weight for a single piece of mail of any class, and postage rates discouraged the mailing of par cels. The average weight of parcels nt that time was less than six ounces. Nearly all mail in cities wes delivered by letter carriers on foot, who also made collections from letter boxes. Vehicles were used on delivery routes in outlying sections and in some cities need for vehicles had arisen in this service. Parcel Post Changes Conditions. Tiie parcel post, which was estab lished in 1913, has brought about a different condition. The average weight of parcels now exceeds one pound eleven ounces, and the number of parcels carried in the malls annu ally has increased more than fourfold since 1912. It Is said that approxi mately one-third of these are received for delivery at city carrier post offices, and it has been necessary to proviue facilities at every office for delivering parcels too large and bulky to be car ried by a man on foot. In other words, during the past four years or so the post office department has had to deal with a period of transi tion in the employment of vehicles at nost offices. Therefore, while con stantly endeavoring to standardize the equipments in use and to perfect the nificediire followed in securing them, the department has instituted compari sons between the several kinds of equipment and the several methods of rental and purchase. Autos Supersede Other Vehicles. For the nresent it seems wisest to officials of the department to be guid ed in the administration of vehicle service by the practical conditions In each city. Horse-drawn vehicles are preferred where the volume of mall for delivery Is small and a greater ex pense cannot be justified, or In sections of large cities where traffic is congest ed nnd frequent stops are necessary. The use of automobiles Is preferred In all other instances, and with the growth of the service they are rapidly superseding the horse-drawn type of equipment. Automobiles are secured in various ways. Allowances are made to post masters for the compensation of car riers who furnish motor trucks In con nection with their work and for hiring machines from local garages. Com bined contracts have been made for the performance of automobiles of screen-wagon service and collection-nnd-dellvery service. In a number of cities government-owned machines have been used to supersede rented and tensed equipment for carrying the mail. Increase In Muskrats. As an Illustration of how rapidly the muskrats Increase In some dis tricts, the Bavarian commission which reports on the matter says in Schlus selburg In 1911 there were ten musk rats we don't know who counted them while in 1913 the number had Increased to about 300, and in 1910 to more than 1,000. In some places It Is said the energetic muskrats had driven away the water birds, "after destroy ing the eggs and young had taken pos session of the floating nests and con- BOXING AIDS SOLDIERS Makes Them Better Bayonet Fighters, It Has Been Found. Men In Training Camps Will Receive Instructions In Groups From Weil-Known Battlers. The commission on training camp ac tivities, through Dr. Joseph E. Ray croft of Princeton university, has ar ranged for expert boxers to teach groups of men In Uncle Sam's trulnlng camps, who will In turn instruct other groups. Thus everyone will receive some certain amount of training, which will teach them confidence, aggres siveness, shiftiness on their feet, and the boxer's co-ordination of eye and hand. This will make these men better bayonet fighters. Thnt Is the real pur pose of the boxing work. Exhibition matches are strictly secondary. Deul ing with boxing promoters outside or inside the camp is to be entirely avoid ed. The training will be principally shadow boxing. Matches will take possibly ten minutes of the hour's training. Classes will be from 75 to 100 men. The plan of instruction Is based on n scheme worked out by Sergeant Billy Armstrong of the canu- dlan army. Tins scneme was wuuu to be not only practicable, duc nigmy successful. The men are placed In lines or files, three or four paces apart, facing the Instructor's platform. The motions taught are very neany ui same motions used In actual bayonet fighting. Tn ndflltion to the regular lessons in boxing, the recruits will be shown the relation between boxing and bayonet fighting, by motion pictures, In which tho fundamental movements In the two methods of fighting will be dis played. A film has been made show lng Kid McCoy, Jim uoroeu, jj Kllbane, and Bennie Leonard going through these blows for educational purposes and more rapidly for match work. Tenbroeck ana inmarcue iu n bayonet duel show the similarity In the leads and the foot work between boxing and actual bayonet fighting. Some of the men appointed instruct ors are Bennie Leonard, Kid McCoy, Battling Levlnsky, Johnny Schlff, Richie Mitchell and Packy McFar land. The athletic trainers of the Ameri can troops 'are teaching that Initia tive and daring must be tempered with caution and self-control. Boxing con tests will be used as an object lesson to Illustrate this. GOVERNMENT TO MAKE SHOES Great Britain Plans to Check Rising Price of Civilian Footwear, Uncle Sam's Consular Reports Say. The British government will go Into the shoe manufacturing business In or der to check the constantly rising price of civilian footwear, according to Un cle Sam's consul at Huddersfleld. It Is proposed that four classes shall be manufactured under government control, two for men nnd two for boys and youths. Those for men will cost from 13s. to 10s. 6d. ($3.16 to $4) per pair, and those for boys and youths 10s. 6d. ($2.55) and above. These standardized boots will be especially adapted to the needs of agricultural workers, quarrymen, and miners, and for common ordinary town wear by artisans. ' If the shoes lack finish and style, they will excel In durability, It Is claimed, for only a stout quality of leather will be used. As the govern ment controls all . leather supplies, there will be no shortage of raw ma terial! Probably "kips", will be used for the uppers, as this material is not stout enough for the regular army boot. Later, standardized boots for women and girls may also be pro duced. verted them to their own use." Farm Life. Hot Times. "These times are making It warmj for the motorists." "Yes; they are either getting roast-, ed by the public or scorching thenw selves." A new industrial town Is being built' at Glaamfjord, near Bodo, in northern!, Norway. Here they are developing a water power of 150.000 horse power.