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THE CELINA DEMOCRAT, CEEINA, OHIO
IVUVV I lUIVVli i jv AMERICAN . President s Orders Have Cut Away Much Red Tape in the Conferring of War-Time Rewards MKUH'AN soldiers in Franco win distin guish themselves hy deeds arc now honor- oil hy their own gov ernment In much the Mime fashion as are the lien ics of other v n r r i 11 (; countries. From n nation which has never gone In very heavily for hon ors nnil ilccnratlons nnd whose representatives are distinct- ly forbiililen hy the constitution to ac cept tliem from foreign governments tlie United States 1ms stepped into the larger circle of nations, among whom the bestowal of military hon ors of tunny kinds and degrees has Ions lieeti an established custom, writes Poster Ware in the Now York levelling I'ost. Not that exceptional heroism in war time lias hitherto gone unrecognized here. Since the days of the Civil war there has existed a congressional med al of honor, which, though little known, is regarded by many as one of the highest military or naval decora tions to be won in any land. This medal always has been and always will be the most coveted honor In our army and navy, r.ut it has remained for President Wilson, acting upon the recommendation, of General Pershing, to institute not only several new hon ors, but new rul us for their award, which In some respects will revolu tionize American practice in such matters. In a word, the order estab lishing our new war decorations is expected to cut nway much of the red tape which enveloped, unfortunately, more than one American hero ;t the past. New Decorations. Briefly, tlie new war decorations In stituted hj- the president are these: 1. Tlie distinguished service cross. il. The distinguished service medal. 4. War service chevrons. . Wound chevrons. Coupled with the congressional medal of honor, these new decora tions give to the American soldier vir tually the same rewards for especial service that are offered in the French tind I'.ritish armies. The British have their Vi'toria Cross and the French their Moilaille Militaire, and to these the American Congressional Medal of Honor sometimes referred to as tlie "Valor Medal" or "American Star of Valor" may be said to correspond. The new American Distinguished Service Cross has no exact counter part in the Ilritish army, inasmuch as the nearest thing to it. the D. S. O., Is offered only to officers. The French Croix de Guerre (with palm) corre sponds perhaps more closely. The American Distinguished Service Cross nnd the French Croix may be won by men or ollicers, regardless of rank. Perhaps, it was to meet this deficiency that the I'.ritish in "11110 established a new military medal for plain soldiers mid noncoins. "in recognition of bra very in the field." Within the two years -12.1 aki of these military medals have been given out. For the new American Distinguish- ea M-ruee .ue.iai mere is tne mstin- j-'insneu oniiui-T .weitai in tne tiritlsn I army (limited to non-coms, and men), j while in the French army its place is tl'.ken iri part by the Croix Tie Guerre (with star) and the Legion of Honor. The ti ndency in the British army has been to distinguish between ollicers und men in recognizing services, wnereas tne t reni n pursue a more j flemocratic policy, and in general j treat officers and men on an equal footing in bestowing honors. Indeed. Mich distinction as is drawn in France Is in favor of the common soldier. The highest of nil French military decora tions the Medaille Militaire is given only to the plain soldier nnd noncom missionid ollicer. or to n commanding penernl. Joffre and one or two oth ers are The only officers who have re ceived it. Follow French System. It is the French system that is to be followed in respect to the awarding of American honors. Courage, hero ism, bravery, or the signal perform ance of duty at home as well as in France are to he rewarded without regard to military rank. All our med als, new or old. are offered to officers and men alike. More than that, they Issue Newspaper Under Difficulties. The Pnion Iiepuhlicaine de la Marne, in a recent issue, contained the following: "To our readers: We have no need to make excuses to our readers for the Issue which we are publishing. They know and they understand! Our ob ject in publishing our paper, despite evi rytbing, is not to furnish them with a newspaper, even incomplete, but to avoid interrupting relations be tween them and us, and. in so far as we are able, to maintain a little life Pushed Over. Among the idiotic terms adopted by United States .marines everywhere, the expression "shove off" is more fre quently used than any other. In the sen soldier lingo, if a marine goes home on furlough, leaves his camp or gar rison or goes anywhere lie "shoves off." A story comes from Prance of n mn rine who had been acting as orderly for a lieutenant. The othcer sent him an n n errand am', when he returned the lieutenant vra nowhere about. A A TJfX 7 V f V -51 m .." tue .... E lit i II HI may be conferred upon women in the service of the army. To date, no measures have been ta ken to make similar provision for the navy, but this will undoubtedly fol low. As it is. the only war medal open to the American sailor or naval ollicer is the Congressional Medal of Honor. This places the marines in a strangely anomalous position with respect to honors. While at sea. the marines tire under the navy mid are subject to the rules regarding war medals obtaining in the navy. P.ut the marines now in Prance are under the army and are technically entitled to receive any of tlie new army deco rations. There can lie no doubt that the institution of new medals by Presi dent Wilson will have a beneficial ef fect upon the morale of tlie Ameri can troops in Prance. Acts of hero ism of which we have already had more than one instance deserve rec ognition, and from the military stand point such recognition serves better than anything else as a stimulus and incentive to all the troops. News of the president's action is said to have been received with the greatest en thusiasm hy our men now serving In Prance. For Extraordinary Heroism. The Distinguished Service Cross is to be a bronze cross with ribbon. It will bo awarded by the president, or ,y General Pershing, to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the army, shall hereafter dis- tinguish himself or herself, or who, since April (5, 11H7, has distinguished i li.i.iself or herself, by extraordinary j heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy 0f the United States or under circum- stances which do not justify the award of the ConL-ressional Medal of Honor. The Distinguished Service Medal will also be of bronze with n ribbon, and will be awarded by the president to any person who, while serving in any capacity in the army, shall here after distinguish himself or herself or who, since April C last, has distin guished himself or herself, by excep tionally meritorious service to the gov ernment in a duty of great responsi bility in time of war in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United States. Thus it will he seen that to win the D. S. C. It will be almost necessary for n mnn to see service in France, while the Distinguished Service Medal may be won by a man whose duties In the army are confined to this side of the water. nnd activity in our premises. Our printers are working in a room which is covered with debris; we are writing on a corner of a table in a room which is open to the four winds, and as we pen these lines rapidly we nre not yet certain whether or not the printer will be able to set even one of our ma chines in movement ! Will this num ber appear? We do not know. We hope, just the same, that it will reach our readers and carry to them, to gether with our affectionate greeting, the assurance that despite the increas- I'oilu, who happened to be loitering in the vicinity, was questioned by the marine: "Have you seen the lieutenant?" "Oul, monsieur; on!," replied the Poilu, proud of his newly acquired Ma rine corps Knglish, "he have what you call pushed over." Scrubbing Machine. A machine has been invented by a New York man to scrub ceilings and catch the water that full so thut It will uut wet the floors. 1 ; atnfr ft The war service chevrons will be of gold, worn on the lower half of the left sleeve by each oilicer and enlisted man who has served six months in the zone of the advance in the war. There will be an nddltitmal chevron for each additional six months of such service. Ollicers and enlisted men of the aviation service on combnt flying duty in F.uropo will be credited for the war service chevron with the time thcy may be on that duty. Tlie wound chevron will bo Identical in appearance with the war service chevron, but it will be worn on tne right sleeve. It may be worn by offi cers and enlisted men who receive or have received a wound in action wnn tlie enemy necessitating treatment by a medical ollicer. An additional chev ron will be given for each additional wound, but not more than one chevron i will be worn for two or more wounds received at the same time. Disable ment by gas necessitating treatment bv a medical officer will be considered as a wound. j Red Tape Is Cut. ! In the rules governing the manner j and method of awarding these medals. I as well as the Medal of Honor, red : tape Is conspicuously absent. Tiiim ' . was when it was a matter of months, if not years, before a candidate for the hi idlest military or naval honor within the power of the United States to bestow received his coveted prize. Not so under the generalship of Persh ing. "In the present emergency," reads the general order, "whenever n recommendation for the award of the medal of honor reaches the command ing general of the American expedi tionary forces in Kurope, he is au thorized to cable his recommendation for immediate action, and to hold the papers until a reply Is received." Up on the approval by cable of his recom mendation. General Pershing, or some officer whom he may delegate, Is au thorized to go ahead and award the medal as the representative of the president. It is even provided that in extreme cases, where the candidate for the honor is severely wounded and in dan ger of death, the commanding' general may take matters into his own hands nnd confer the medal without waiting for the presidential O. K. The new svstem, in short, preserves the form of the old, while virtually lenving it to the judgment of the commanding general whether a man is entitled to the medal or not. Spreading Japanese Language. One or two universities or colleges In America have instituted n chair of Japnnese, as has the University of Ley den in the Netherlands. The Japanese lectureship was tried in Oxford for three years; there is a professorship of Japanese in King's college, London, while Japanese is one of the subjects that receives special attention in the now British school of oriental lan guages lately established in London. The teaching of Japnnese abroad, so far, has been confined to special schools or seminaries, but In New South Wales Japanese is now being es tablished in the ordinary schools as an instrument of cultural discipline and instruction on precisely the same footing as what may be characterized as tne great ortnnuox cuiturni lan- uages French nnd German. This we consider to be one of the finest practlcul acknowledgments of the Japanese entry Into the comity of modern culture thnt could possibly be given. Exchange. Ing difficulties we shall continue pub lication. E. L." From the European Edition of the New York Herald. Knew Him. Belle Who Is the box of candy from ? Keulnh I don't know. There is no card accompaylng it. "I'll bet it's from Freddie. He's so forgetful." "Yes, but Freddie wouldn't only for get to send a card ; he' the kind of a man who'd forget to send tlie candy." . Careful of Speech. "Is the faculty of your college well organized?" "Very. We haven't a single professor who would dare to make a statement of fact without 3rst having it approved by a trust magnate or a corporation lawyer." Life. Oriental Rugs. Not only the design but the colors of the rugs woven in the Orient are full of significance. They represent national or individual traditions, and stand for vlrtuts, vices und social im portance. - - MOST 1P01 NEWS Of WORLD BIQ HAPPENINGS OF THE WEEK CUT TO LAST ANALYSIS. DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN ITEMS Kernel Culled From Events of Mo ment In All Parte of the World Of Intereet to All tha People Everywhere. Washington The house ways and means commit lee began work on the complicated task of drafting the new $S,(HK),(Kt(),t)(K ivnr revenue bill. The meusure may :ie ready for presentation to the house before September, President Wilson shook hands with 2.1 boy scouts from Pittsburgh, I'll., who rode to Washington on bicycles hearing n message of greeting from Mayor P.ahcock. Contracts for HO additional steel cargo ships have been let by the ship ping board to Japanese yards. Con tracts also have heci let for building I'd transports to the P.ethleheui cor poration, P.y a vote of 4d to 10. the senate i adopted the resolution, already passed by the house, empowering the presi dent to take over tlie telegraph und telephone wires. Government control of the tobacco industry of the Pnited States may re sult from the heavy requirements of the allies and the American military forces abroad, says a dispatch from j Washington, liationing of tlie Amoii- can population is believed to be a pos- sihillty. 1 Personal Dr. Richard Knthhun, acting direc tor or the Smithsonian Institution at Washington and noted naturalist, is dead. He was sixty-six years old nnd n native of Buffalo, N. Y. Domestic liespoiisibility for the sinking of the excursion steamer Columbia on the Illinois river, between Peoria and Po kin. July .1. with loss of 92 lives, Is placed upon ('apt. II. P. Mold and Pilot George T. Williams ill n report IW1V -v "''"" " '.meice i. ..it:. .1 . i ,'....1.1 I ..... - n.-iwiii.tv ; -" .11111". ,i in.-i,i-i I.., .-. who investigated the disaster, 'ilie in spectors chnrgei inattention to duty and incapacity against Captain Melil !iml negligence against Pilot Williams. Forty-six thousand men from all states and the District of Columbia were called by General Crowder. Movement to camp will be between August Ti and !). The program pro vides for entralnment of UiMl.fMtO men during August. Suspected of having been associated with Dr. Frieilerich H. A. Strensch in German propaganda, Countess' Alexan dra Viarda Siiieele was arrested In New York as a dangerous enemy alien by U. S. agents. Henry Ford heads a list of ten prom inent citizens named by President Wilson as possible umpires in the set tlement of labor controversies which the war labor board falls to adjust. With pomp and ceremony as though it were a battleship of the line, the Concrete, the first motor-propelled con crete boat ever constructed, wns launched in the Monongahela river at Pittsburgh, Pa. Germans in the United States at one time contemplated the purchase of 50 American newspapers in as many cities, to publish matter favorable' to the central powers, it was said ut New York. An order committing Thomas J. Mootiey to San Quentln penitentiary to await execution there on Friday, August 23, was given the sheriff of San Francisco by Judge Franklin A. Griffin of the superior court. A petition for a writ of probable cause, designed to keep Thomas J. Mooney out of the penitentiary until his case could be acted on by Governor Stephens, was denied by the supreme court at Sun Francisco. Fire caused by the explosion of ni trate destroyed the fertilizer plant of the American Agricultural Chemical company near Jacksonville, Fla., en tailing a loss of a million nnd a quar ter dollars. The widow and mother of Muj. John Purroy Mitchel, former mayor of New York, who was killed In an airplane accident, are the sole beneficiaries named in ids will, which was filed for probate in New York. Aside from sev eral large insurance policies, Major Mitchel owned property of an estimat ed valuation of $25,000. Fifteen states were called upon by Crowder for 7,000 draft registrants fit for military service to be sent to schools for special training. The move ment will be between August 1 nnd 13. The New Bag Apron. Thre Is a new sort of knitting bug and apron combined. And when we are forced to work with a rather In ferior quality of wool, that' sheds lint nnd even little splinters ns we kult, we feel the need of some sort of knit ting apron for our socks. This new one Is made a little differently from the old kind that had a long pocket on a draw string across the bottom of the apron. You remember the npron part was folded down In the pocket and the strings were drawn taut when U.S, Teutonic War Mew Lieut. Qitentln Roosevelt, son of for mer President Itoosevelt, was shot down and killed on the Chateau Thier ry sector of the Marne front, accord ing to mi Exchange Telegraph dis patch to London from Paris. Philip Koosevelt, a cousin, saw the aviator fall victim to n German air squadron. Provost Marshal General Crowder was appointed to command the north eastern division with headquarters nt Boston, Ily executive act, Crowder was made u major general In the Hue In order that the transfer could be no complished, Of the 037,027 American troops brought to Europe. In the months of April. May and June, 22.214.171.124 were car. rled In Iirltlsh ships, according to a statement made In the house of com mons In London by Sir Leo Money. German aviators lit eleven o'clock Monday night dropped bombs on thu American Ited Cross hospital ut Jouy. Prance. Two enlisted men wer. killed and among the personnel nine persons were wounded. Miss June Jef fery. American Ited Cross nurse, was slightly hurt. The hospital was delib erately bombed. American find I'.ritish troops hnve occupied the whole of the Murman const. In northern Russia, says a dis patch from Moscow to the Central News agency at London by way of Amsterdam. After capturing Kem the American and British forces advanced toward Torokl. M. Tehitoherin, tlie Kiissian foreign minister, has addressed a note to Great Itritain, demanding Hint the Ilritish delacliti;ents now on the Murman ' coast be re-embarked without delay. Pour hundred and fifty American built battleplanes have bs-en Kent abroad or delivered at ports for ship ment on July .1, the date of the latest complete official report reaching the war department. . On all the American fronts In Prance Pnited States soldiers July 14 joined their French comrades in enthusias tically celebrating ISastllc day. European War News , Ninety-four Germans were killed and i 74 Germans wounded on the night of j July l.VK!, when five German aviators bombed a prisoners' camp In the re gion of Troyes, .'!() miles behind the front, says a dispatch from Paris. Captain Iteinhard, commander of the air squadron of the late Capt. Baron von liichthofen, has been killed, the Berlin Lokal Anzeiger says. It claims 117 aerial victories under iteinhard. Five Belgian peasants were killed and 1.1 were injured by German sol diers during a riot in the city market at Brussels. The trouble resulted from German ollicers requisitioning vegeta bles. British forces, after landing on the Murman coast, have occupied tlie port of Kem, on the White sea, the Frank furter Zeitung says, according to a Rotterdam dispatch to the London Daily Telegraph. A military bulletin Issued nt Rome decrees the retirement, with loss of .-ank and pay of Generals Cadorna, Ptirro ami capeno. i.enorai muz mis been decorated with the grand cordon of the Military Order of Savoy. I'.ritish airmen brought down 4,102 hostile machines during the year end ing July 1, the British press bureau announced in London. Turkish troops nttacked the British positions in Palestine commanding the crossing of the Jordan anil on tne ridges north of Jericho. In the ridge region, the British war office an nounced, the British completely re stored by a counter-attack the positions that had been penetrated. More than DUO Turks were taken prisoner. The council of state of Haiti, act ing in accordance with the legislative powers given it under the new consti tution, lias unanimously voted the dec laration of war upon Germany de manded by the president of the repub lic. Foreign Baron von Burlan, the Austro-Hun-garian foreign minister, announced that Austro-Hungnry is ready for peace on tlie' basis of Its territorial limits in 1913. Tlie baron In a para graph of his discourse, made in a re port to the Austrian and Hungarian premiers, but evidently intended for consideration by the allied powers, paid a remarkable tribute to President Wilson. Fifteen persons were killed and about CO others were Injured, 20 seri ously, when a passenger train wns de railed near Vierzon, France. Emperor Charles, says a VIennn tel egram to Amsterdam, has granted the request of Field Marshal Conrad von Iloetzendorf, former Austrian com mander in chief and lately In command on the Italian mountain front, that he be relieved of his command. Thirty-five Americans, constituting the crew of the former Great Lakes steamer George L. Eaton, have arrived in Loiidou. Their steamer foundered nt sea In a storm. They v,;re rescued by a warship. It served as a bag. Now the new one has a pocket shnped Just like half of one of those knitting bags that we wore over our wrists to hold our yarn ball, only larger of course. Then there Is nn apron extension that slides down Into the bottom of the bag when It Is not needed and Is pulled up about the waist when it is needed. For Trimming Purposes. Organdie or batiste folds are In gen eral uso for trimming purposes on cot ton and silk dresses. pistol dual at Cleveland between two policemen and Floyd Bell result M In the death of Bell and the wounding of Patrolman Clhlnr, who was shot twice by the negro, who had resisted arreet. A Jury hearing the case of Roy Hughes, charged with parliclpation In the murder of u Portsmouth gro cer, returned a verdict of guilty of first degree murder, hut recommend cd mercy. Captain Roy E. Layton of Wn. koneta, Auglaize county, has been appointed adjutant genoral by Gov. ernor Cox to succeed George li Wood. Layton retired from Ohio na ttonal guard service as captain of Company L, Second regiment, with which unit ho served as first l'euten nut In the Spanish war. At Columbus, Lawrence Stevens 25, colored, thot and killed George. Ingham, 28, also coiorod. Stevens was arrested later In Madison county Killed in action on French front William P. Gallagher, Lima; Ciur once It. Harris Springfield; P. M Weber, Lancaster. Died from wounds -Edison Miller, Delaware President W. O. Thompson will re main at Ohio State university, he said in reply to rumors that he ha.) been offered nnd was considering accept ance of the Bocritaryshlp of the get rral hoard of education of the Pres byterian church Ohio board of agriculture approved Plans for an addition to the Put-In Bay hatchery, designed to increaao its capacity from UiO.OOO.OCO egga to 1,000,00(1,0(10 In time for the fall (-.pawning of white fish, herring, pike and perch. Annual school of Ii.struction and meeting of tl-o Ohio Fish and Game Inspectors associatioi, coniioi:ed of the saiaiied game wardens of Ohio will be held at Cedar Point July 17 and IS. At Hamilton, the jury in the triaj or William ji. i owdry, indicted on t charge of first degree murder 'n con nection with tho poisoning of Lorel Ij. Wardlow, was discharged after the foreman hail rei.orted no agreement could b.T rcB. hed Worried over the war. F. M. Her rick, aged 3fi, a chemist nt Fremont, killed himself. Half a million tons ol coal are burning in the Erie railroad yards af Marion. Martin J. Burke, .12, former prohat judge of Marion county and former state trustee of the Catholic Knights of Ohio, died at his home in Marion. A mo'j threatened Rev. Philip Pe ters at West Hope, near Napoleon. j He is alleged to have desecrated the Tag. j PrcfoFscr I. T. Beck has been ai i pointed supeiintenileut. of the Bucy j rus township (Crawford county) con I .olidattd schools, for a term of three year- G. F. Sehlesinper of Columbus was appointed assistant chief examiner for the state civil service commissioi. it a salary of $2,000 annually. When two Pennsylvania freight trains collided east o;' Bremen heavy property loss resulted. No one was Injured During the month of June 480;; families of Ohio soldiers received at tention from Red Cross chapter home service tectiens. H. C. Gardner, .16, Circleville, agent for the Pennsylvania Railroad com- , pany sinre js ,Ie wpg ,nr. ; mcr asent at Sabina, and had beer. In the service of the Pennsylvania company for 42 years. Edward S. Wertz, district attorney for northern Ohio, is ill at his home in W'ooster. T. J. Duffy, chairman of the Ohio industrial commis&ion, left ior Wash ington to assist J. D. Densmore, fed eral director of employment. D. C. Brown of Napoleon was ap pointed to succeed the late J. D. Me Donel as trustee of the Bowimg Green Normal school. Ohio's coal output in 1917 exceeded any previous year by 5,392,000 tons. Long-neglected mines in many coun ties were reopened and nre operating at maximum canacity. Chrietme Gibson, 16, and Lillie Molton 17, of Maryrviile, have been missing from their homes since July 1, when they left for Dayton. Two hundred men were thrown out. of work and damage estimated af. $10,000 resulted when coal chute No 3 of the Hocking Block Coal com pany at New Straitsvllle was de stroyed by fire. Presence of red weevil in wheat is believed to have damaged the crop five bushels per acre in parts of Fay ette county. Prison labor and prison-made brick will bo used Jn the construction of three buildings by the new deparr, ment of Juvenile research on th3 grounds of the Columbus state hos pital. Johw Balla, a Pole, and $2,000 which he drew frorf! a bank at Day ton, parted company finally when Balla, at the solicitation of a new found acquaintance, save the money o the latter to kt ep in a tin box. Fifteen hundred xegistered men holding deferred classification nt Sid ney perfected an organization for the Lale of war savings stamps. Governor Cox protested to the United States railroad administra tion against the orders in effect di verting grain cars from Ohio rail roads to western connections. The governor urged that a representative of the railroad aJministraticn ho sent to Ohio with authority to furnish car3 to mills, elevators and warehouses in Ohio already full of grain and with no tars for oetlet. Athens County Food Administrator Frank Roach found a couple near Athens with no children and 10 cats for which they were buying milk and meat. Nine of the 10 cats were or dered disposed of and their owners obeyed. Typhcld fever was more prevalent In June than It was in the same month last year, though not up to the average of previous years ac cording to the state department of health. Visitors to health reeorU should boil their drinking water, un less assured as to Its purity, so the dnnartmant. advises. , Fire at West Mansfield damaged ilia building occupied by th Farm its' Stute bank. Loss $7,000. Two Athens county miners were killed and three Injured In accident. The dead are Berry Maynard, 40, and Norman Stewart, 5R, victims of fulls of slate Charles Minor, colored, charged with the murder of his wife Blanche ut Dayton, nnd who fled after th crimp, was urrcsted at Greenfield and returned to pnyton. Rev. Samuel Miller, . Monnonlte prencher of eastern Holmes county, was arrested and taken to Cleveland, he having been Indicted for alleged: violation of tho espionage net. A carload of cattle in shipment on the Hocking Valley railway from Lancaster to New York was burned ut Logan. Loss $4,000. Mrs. K. W. Klnsey, 60, and her smnll grandchild wero struck and probably fatally injured by an auto mobile driven by William Pishon, near Nelsonville. Mrs. Klnsey was 1 uiiilng a baby buggy in a road when (ho accident recurred. Planning a campaign to IncrenbO Ohio's wheat acreage this fall, state agriculture officials, conferring with Governor Cox, wired federal officials urging them to fix a price of $2.40 for 1919 wheat. This price, it was said, would add 10 per cent to this year's acreage. Present price or wheat is $2.20. Robert T. Crew, executive clerk to tho governor, was appointed secre tary to the penitentiary commission, Micceedlng Samuel J. Black of Upper Sandusky. Charged with disloyalty, Fred Al- brink, Henry county Inspector for tho state highway commission, has been saspiiiiJcd and his case referred to the United Stales dirtrkt attorney's ofl'co at Toledo. Albert Ackerman of Gallon wa3 eh.cted presliient of th new Craw ford County Transportation Workers' Political league. Efiorts of Arthur Pryor, negro, 32, and Joseph Stone, whi'e, 38. "lor.;? termers," to escape from the Hamil ton county worlihouse farm, caused them to he wounded by bulietr fired by Harry Haverkanip, a guard. Wiiita died. President W. F. Pierce, Kenyon college, Gnm'jier, escaped injury by a miracle when his uuto was struck by traction ear r.t Lorain. Mrs. p-erce's left arm was broken and Mr? H. T. West had two ribs fractured. Attorney WilPam II. Osborn, for mer mavor of Chardon. Geauga ounty, died at St. Petersburg. Fla. Dr. L. C. Pratt o' Bellefontaine has three sons now In the army in France. AH nre physicians. Federal park at Lorain was re named Ranley Park in honor of Cor pora! John R. Ranley, first Lorain man to die in battle. Hearing of charges against Eugene V. Debs, under federal indictment. was postponed at Cleveland untu Sept. 9. Columbus streetcar men will be granted a wage increase award by the federal war labor board, probably based on a 10-cent-an-hour schedule- After firing two revolver shots which killed her 4-year-old daughter nt Mt. Vernon, Mrs. Florence Sicelt zer, a trained nurse, turned the weapon on he: self and inflicted a ound from which she died several hours later. The police ascribe the act to despondency. Camp Perry, which will be taken over by the federal government, has been appraised at $110,000. At Caldwell, Wayner Springer, 11, on of Walter Springer, was aeci- dentally hot through the lungs and killed by a 22-ealiber rifle in the hands of Fred Fowler, a playmate. Air Nitrates corporation will build $20,000,000 nitrate plant on the. Maumee river near Toledo. Sixteen first lieutenants at Camp Sherman were commissioned cap tains and 10 second lieutenants were made lieutenants. Ohioans promoted to be captains were: Robert S. Kerr, Columbus : Edgar L. Ostendorf. Cleve land; Willard J. Champ, Cleveland; Campbell S. Johnson, Cincinnati; E. B. Stone, Cleveland; Howard M. Wood. Cleveland; Robert M. Sohn- gon, Hamilton; Fred O. Valentine, Cincinnati: Frank J. Welsh, Lisbon; Frank A. Dubois, Oxford, and Carl E. Basder, Cincinnati. Loss estimated at $1;.000 was sus tained by Joseph Campbell when fire destroyed a barn on his farm, lfl miles southwest of Eaton. One hun ilred tons of hay and 2,000 bushels o! new wheat are included in the loss. Mayor S. Scranton. 70, died sud denly at his home in Celina. He uad served as county recorder and pro- ' bate judge and was filling his second term as mayor. Home rule was upheld in the Cuya hoga court of appeals by Judge Charles R. Grant, who criticised country legislators who seek to regu late the affairs cf large cities. An appeal for 50 men to work as lead burners in government plants making explosives was made by C. H. Mayhui;h, employment director of the state council of defense. Canton" police found the badly man gled body cf Armollo Munglovi, 28, lying on a bridge over East creek. The head of the victim was almost, severed from his body and there were 25 stab wounds in his back and head. No clew. At Marlon 21 switchmen employed by the Erie road were arrested, charged with Interfering with ship ments and theft. C. J. Smith, a farmer livinsr five miles from Marion, and Jess Williams, a saloonkeeper, were also arrested, charged with re ceiving Etolen goods. Jameg R. Garfield, secretary of the interior in President Roosevelt s cab inet, has resigned as manager of tho lake division, American Red Cross. Three hundred acres of fore&t :and on the site of the new penitentiary being established by the stato just west of London, Madison county, will be transferred to the state agricul tural department to be used for game preserve. The agricultural depart ment will purchase 300 acres of land adjoining tho prison farm suitable for agricultural purposes and will trans fer it to the penitentiary commission in exchange (or tho land to be used for the game preserve. Churles Davis lived 24 hours with broken neck, received In a fall froa. a locomotive nt Bellefontaine.