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The Ohio daily-express. (Dayton, Ohio) 1946-1950, June 29, 1948, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88077226/1948-06-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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Beat Woman with
Blackjack Second
Incident in a Month
MEMPHIS, June 29. (ANP)—
The second case of police brutal
ity toward prisoners within the
last 30 days came to light here
last week when Mrs. Viola Moore,
34-year-old house maid, disclosed
that she had been struck with a
blackjack and a revolver by two
policemen as they took her to po
lice headquarters late in the after
noon of June 19. The victim told
her story from a bed in the John
Gaston hospital, where she is re
ceiving treatment for outs and
The beating followed a distur
bance in the Jefferson Food shop,
where Mrs. Moore became invol
ved in an argument with a waiter
over ordering of a meal. Police
were called in ythe manager,
and she was put into a squad car.
She said that as she started to
smoke a cigaret, one of the offi
cers knocked it out of her hand.
"Then he cursed me and threw
me off the seat and got on top of
my stomach with his knee," she
said. "While he hit we with a
blackjack the other officer stop
ped the car, turned around and
hit me with his pistol and cut my
left eye. It had to be sewed up.
Then he hit be on the neck.
"One of the men said I looked
like one of those "smart Negroes.
I thought they were going to kill
me. The officer in the rear acted
like he was drinking. He kept
During the three-day Fourth of
July holiday this year, there is a
chance of 10 smash-ups for every
mile of highway in the United
States, according to the National
Safety council.
The council estimates that there
will be more than 30,000,00 ve
hicles driven by Negroes and
whites heading somewhere during
the Fourth of July week-end,
which means an average of about
10 vehicles for each o fthe 3,
300,000 miles of streets and high
ways in the country. And where
ever there is a car there is a
chance for a wreck unless it is
operated safely.
The figures only emphasize the
tremendous amount of travel to
the council said. More cars on
be expected durin gthe holiday,
the road traveling more miles will
inevitably mean more accidents—
unless there is more caution than
usual on the part o fthe motoring
In an attempt to prevent a holi
day of tragedy for hundreds of
cursing useand I wasn't saying
a word."
She said she did not learn the
naumes of the officers. Hospital
officials said she will not lose the
sight of either eye, both of which
were swollen closed. When she
finally reached headquarters, she
was transferred to another squad
car and taken to the hospital.
Owner of the food shop, Rich
ard Challenor, white, said the wo
man was disagreeable and trou
blesome. He said he had called
the police when she cursed an old
customer, and that the police
"were as nice to her as they
could be."
A little more than 30 days ago,
two other officers, L. E. Bryan
and C. W. Brewer, were accused
of beating a prisoner. The victim,
Ell Blaine, lost an eye after being
struck by Bryan at police head
quarters where he had gone to
complain of missing $10 after
police officers had searched him
and others at His apartment.
Blaine was truck in the presence
of high police officials. He also
complained that he was beaten
when the two officers took him to
the hospital for treatment.
Charges were preferred against
the two officers by Commissioner
Boyle to which they have pleaded
guilty. Their trial before Judge
Campbell of criminal court was
(continued on page 4)
There Will be 30 Million
Vehicles on Highways the 4th
persons, the council is conducting
again this year a nation-wide cam
paign for a safe Independence
day celebration.
Many national organization of
cials, police departments and local
all racial groups, government offi
safety councils are cooperating in
the effort.
"Accidents of all kinds took 8,
300 lives in July last year, 2,720
of them in traffic," said Ned H.
Dearborn, president o fthe coun
cil. "As usual, the Fourth of July
celebration contributed substan
tially to those figures.
"This year we have many dan
gerous factors—a three-day holi
day, more cars and mileage, plen
ty of money. It adds up to a big
celebration—and a big hangover
of grief and suffering unless each
of us does something about it.
"We can do something about it,
because these tragedies result
haste, selfishness, thoughtlessness,
the desire to show off.
"Take it easy on the Fourth.
Be alive on the Fifth."
The West Side
tian association at 800 West Fifth
street, fairly bristled with mem
ories of days long past—and a
great man long dead. The man
who was memorialized was Paul
Laurence Dunbar the poet, and
those reviving him in memory were
his old friends who formed the
Paul Laurence Dunbar club No. 1
three years after Us death in
The program included three sur
viving childhood friends of the
poet, Rev, and Mrs. Charles Hig
gins and Randolph J. Hams. Mrs.
Higgins is president of this 39
year old club.
Mrs. Charles R. H. Johnson,
highlighted the program with the
reading of a poem dedicated to the
poet. This birthday celebration of
Dunbar also included a tribute to
his mother, Mrs. Mathilda J. Dun
bar. Mrs. Dunbar was a poet in
her own right and she did much to
stimulate her son in that field.
Attending this celebration were
about 100 persons. It was indeed
a fitting testimony to one of the
foremost Negro poets whose con
tributions at the turn of the cen
tury letf its mark stamped indeli
bly on the face of American cul
Asked to Call Off
Officers at Anti-Jia
Crow Picket LiLne
LOS ANGELES, June 29. (A
NP) Local citizens requested
last week that Chief of Police C.
W. Horral and Asst. Joe Reed
cali off officers at the picket line
around Bimini Hot Springs. They
recently became aroused when cer
tain acts by police brought about
the fear that violence may be a
result of their presence.
An interracial group of picket
ers formed a line around the bath
house for the past month because
of the jim crow police of the
place. It has repeatedly refused to
serve Negroes although it is the
city's only bath.
The recent dedication: of Camp
Howard at Paoli, Fla., west of
Sanford, for Negro boys in the
Boy Scout movement, demon
strates both the growth of the or
ganization in that area and the
practical help given by white lead
ers in behalf of colored youth.
The 105-acre site was purchas
ed by William E. Howard, retired
New York business man and the
late Jushua Coffin Chase, citrus
grower and shipper of Sanford
Mr. Howard is a member of
the section on Negro work of the
Boy Scouts' national committee on
Interracial service. His winter
(continued on page 4)
Accidents Increas as
Drivers Become Careless
Sometime ago a controversy
raged on these pages because local
cab companies had been singled
out and criticized because its driv
ers travelled rather recklsesly up
and down our streets. This criti
cism can be leveled not only at
one individual group but Day
ton motorists as a whole.
Look at the total national pic
ture, remembering that Dayton
stands high on the list of city's
its size.
Thirty-two thousand five hun
dred were fatally injured in acci
dents last year 10,940 pedes
trians were killed. This does not
include the hundreds of thou
sands injured, many critically.
Chief cause of all accidents last
year was excessive speed. More
than 90 per cent of the crashes
occurred in clear weather, and a
third of all traffic deaths occured
on the open highway. Two out of
every three deaths were caused
by the carelessness of the driver.
Also many pdestrfians were killed
through carelessness 3200 were
killed and 51,000 injured at inter
The past week-end was a gory
one for this section. Crashes were
excessive and traffic deaths fre
quent. That the death toll did not
show up higher was short of mi
raculous. This riter alone, view
at least four near crashes which,
had they occured, might have had
fatal consequences
There are several ways of at
tacking this very serious prob
lem in our community. One way
is to fight city officials for better
paved streets and street lighting
camp in Alabama by masked men
was requested this week by offi­
cials of the Girl Scouts of the
United States.
In a letter to Attorney General
Tom C. Clark, Mrs. Paul Ritten
house, national director, asked
that the investigation "be made on
the grounds of unlawful entry
and search and that, if possible,
members o fthe masked and white
robed group be identified and
brought to justice."
She added that the Girl Scout
organiaztion "believes that its pro
gram should be open to all girls
and, with the full support and
cooperation of Southern members,
is endeavoring to extend member
ship to the Negro race."
The communication followed in­
and for more stop signals within
the city limits. Another way 10
attack it is to directly appeal to
the motorist to use a little more
common sense. That is what we
want to do here. We want to cau
tion Dayton drivers against tak
ing unnecessary dunces while
One of the stupidest chances a
driver can take, and we have seen
an innumerable number of drivers
take it, is to pass another car at
a busy intersection. This is a com
mon practice at Germantonw and
Summit streets where accidents
frequently. It was not so long ago
when a car passed another,stopped
at a railroad crossing only to run
directly in the path of a fast pas
senger train. Many drivers attempt
to pass others on busy highways
only to crash headlong into cars
coming in the opposite direction.
Speeding is perhaps the greatest
life taker in Dayton, as well as
nationally. Just about every two
months a young child is killed
along Germantown pike by speed
ing motorists. Euclid and Summit
streets between Fifth and German
town seems to be the delight of
speedsters. Every so often a car
travelling east and west will
through without stopping, and
crash. This is how three were
killed at Euclid and Home avenue
this past winter. Whever there is
a dangerous crossing, minimum
speed and maximum caution
should be used.
Drunk driving is another habit
which should be broken if Day
ton is to show a better traffic
(continued on page 4)
Masked Men Search Girl
Scout Camp in Alabama
NEW YORK, June 29.—An in
vestigation into a recent invasion
of a Girl Scout national training
vasion of Camp Pauline Bray
Fletcher in Bessemer, Ala., last
Thursday evening when 12 mask
ed white robed men searched white
staff members, Miss Elizabeth
Ijams and Miss Katrine Nickel,
and their personal belongings and
quarters. The men said they were
searching for "hammer and sickle"
cards and demanded that the
camp be closed in 24 hours, be
cause "folks around here don't
like Negroes and whites living to
While the 12 hooded mm
searched, approximately 100 other
men waited on the camp site.
The course was closed next day
on the decision o fthe students.
Mrs. Rittenhouse's letter point
ed outh that this action was tak
en after it was found that the Jef
ferson county sheriff could sup^
ply only two deputies for pro

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