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-PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY - . AT EATON, OHIO," rt , ... . I-i. G-. GOULD. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: la Atrmnev - - - - - . 51 (H Job Psnmno of ftH descriptions fnrainhei la order, ud tuarinterd to prove satisfactory u to quality. FRESH TOPICS. CoUjEor rows and ttvwh fsnelled the name but pronounced differently) again prevail in the East. Mrs. Moodles, of Wausauy Wisoon ein, presented her husband with triplets. Of course they are very poor, and Mr. Hoodies, is said to be a worthless vaga bond. The question' now is, does Moodles deserve a pension t The most singularly-named man in New Toik is Walter E. T. Jones-the middle initials standing for Restored Twice. His parents first had a son called Walter, who died. Another boy was born toHneni, and christened after the first, with an addition, Walter Bestored. He died, and a third male child was born, and received the name he now bears, Walter Restored' Twico Jones. Susan B. Anthony has 'been an un tiring attendant at the bedside of her brother,' D. .B. Anthony, of. Jjeaven-. worth, during his illness resulting from Embry's pistol-shot ; and if the wounded .man recovers, ft will be due largely to Miss Anthony's skill and attention.' Every particle of food eaten by the Col onel was prepared by her hands, and for the time, at least, the strong-minded woman was merged in the loving sister. Thb " balloon wedding" has been out done by the proprietors of a variety show in San Francisco. It was announced on the bills a few days since that one 6f the "varieties" of the evening would be an actual wedding with a real minister; and the programme was carried outaccord iiig to the contract, the parties being a favorite clog dancer and the leading vocalist of the troupo. After the cere mony the happy pair expressed their ap preciation of the applause bestowed on them by a combined song and dance. Dtjbinq the recent visit of the Illinois editors to St. Louis, they called upon Gen. Sherman in a body and passed a few pleasant words. Phelps, of the" Wyoming Post, who was of the party, says that a few of them lingered after the main body had departed, and proceeded to interrogate old Tecumseh about his book. His characteristio leply to a question was, "I think- I wrote the truth, but if you think differently, after carefully reading the book, you ought to give me ." '. ' . Bbfobts from the South concerning the condition of the cotton crop have now an interest and significance which they have hitherto failed to possess.' The general tenor of the reports shows that labor, both white and black, is plenty and vastly more efficient this season than it has been for many years, which argues a good state of feeling between the em ployer and employed. The use of com mercial fertilizers has . been resorted to more the present season than ever be fore, and planters are slowly habituating themselves to the application of domestic manures a practice which is quite, new in that section. A tounq lady of Portland, Me., not long since met a handsome Boston com mercial drummer on the cars, struck up " i II Jjnaiii""" WUVWCU. UJU1 V TIOAV her, and finally consented to be his wife. She afterward repented of her hasty promise and wrote him to release her, but he wouldn't. She has now received a letter from a Boston lawyer, stating that her was-to-be husband had retained him as counsel, and that unless the mar riage takes place at the time set, a suit wm ue curaiuenceuagiuiisiinerior Dieaca of promise. As the young lady is worth a handsome property, she is afraid the tenacious drummer's motives are not sincere, and that she has been very fool ish to allow herself to get into all this muddle. . Frvs hundred young men recently mot together at Richmond, Va., as rep resontativcs of Young Men's Christian Associations in all parts of the country. The convention was strikingly harmoni ous, and in its avoidance of mistakes as well as quarrels presented an excellent model to other large conventions, whether political or religious in their character. The Young Men's Christian Association has won the enviable reputation of hav ing accomplished a vast amount of good unaccompanied by any scandals provok ing public distrust, or any mistakes ra sulting from misdirected zeal, and its prosperity, as evidenced by the proceed ings of the convention, is a matter over which all thoughtful persons, whether professedly religious or not, will be heartily glad. A reporter for the St. Louis Times recently interviewed Gen. Albert Pike, who fa at present attorney for the Choc taw nation of Indiana; He holds that the Indians of Indian Territory have a patent for their land, have kept up all their obligations, and cannot be removed or disturbed, except by invasion, the government having no right to give one hundred feet on each side of tho track to two railroad companies, as was done by Secretary Delano, an act which Clem I'ike termed "filibustering.'' Gen. Pike says further : " I can take 1,000 Cherokees and whip any wild nation of Indians on the plains. When. Jeff. Da vis sent me up there at the beginning of tho war, I sent out a plug of tobacco, ' tied around with a ribbon, which they call wampum, and a bullet, saying to the Comonches : you cam take whichever you like. If you want tobacco, come in and make a treaty. If you don't, I have a thousand Cherokees here with whom I ration to clean you out. They came in. Tlie TJnited States government could ;., - L. G. GOULD, Publisher r, '. :- , , .Devoted to the' Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News. Terms, $1.50 per iiinum, triMyaiice. VOL. VIII.--N0. 32.' EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1875. WHOLE NUMBER 425, profitably employ Chpctaws, Chickasaws and Creeks to manage all the wild In dians of the plains. Every time Sheri dan kills an Indian it costs $10,000." " - OHIO NEWS. Mus. Txm Perkins, of Cincinnati, who, last fall, cht.her only child's throat on account of her finsband's actions, has now procured a divorc H. S. Rich, a'iteco fidential railroad employe at .Coltrmb'us who absconded April a defaulter fo$7,000, has been arrested at 'San JEVanckco, and brought backtdthS. State A hah anfd- Thomas Raymond, while working ir a cornfield about two miles south of Daytonira Saturday, was prostrated bf tanatrokej He was in an unconscious Condition -when found, and although bedicalglil wis summoned he died.. J The Board of Government Engineers who have been - forome time sur veying the route ofThe breakwater for Cleveland harbor," have decided upon a plan. They expect to adyortiso at once for proposals for tho work, and will commence this "falL Tlio estimated cost is $1,500,000. .'. - In the water-works investigation at Cincinnati the accountant who had been employed to examine the books reported that the delinijaencie- e ..the-part of the collectors' we're very" i&w ''prior to 1873.. , Since, that time-jthe amount of delinquencies had increased from $7,000 for the. last half qf that year to $35,000, which is the amount at present due from them. Changes have recently been made in Ohio postal affairs as follows: Ealab- lislusd Pike, Piko county olin Zl. Entler, Postmaster. Discontinued BeamsvQle, Darke county. Posmastera Appointed Harrisburgh, ; Franklin county, R B. Park; Hugh Station, Butler county, Augustus E. fflliamson; Maholm, Perry dounty, William D. An derson ; New- "Hampshiref - Anglflize county, C. TS'.' Buffo ; Sandyville, Tus carawas county, George F. Flieltinges ; Webster, Darke county, A. Seibt ; Wil son, Adams county, Joseph Rea. A jail delivery occurred Sunday morn ing at Cleveland,", whereby nineteen prisoners made their escape- from the county jaiL . A young girl who was com mitted to jail for non-payment of a fine, and who was working out her fine in the family of the jailor, procured a key while the family was in the other part f the building and unlocked the doors, letting nineteen of the'prisoners out be fore it was discovered that the doors were open. Among the escaped are two men arrested with the gang of burglars who shot Policeman Kick some time ago. Five of the prisoners havn been recap tured. A new counterfeit five dollar bill on the First National Bank of Germantown is thus described by an exchange " The back of the bill in the counterfeit- is defective in the fold of the short clothes of the central figure, Columbus; the cross on the banners is very indistinct, and the furl is almost liberated. Tho foliage on the right, and the background, are noticeably very light, and poorly ex ecuted, while to the left, in the back ground, the ships are badly taken. The face of the bill is produced perfect, and the paper is evidently genuine." At the meeting in Cleveland, lost week, of the Ohio State Sportsmen's Associa tion, the name was changed to that of the Ohio State Association for the Pro tection of Game and Pish. The consti tution was changed so that no shooting tournament, where pigeons -or " other birds are used, can be held or permitted under the auspices of the association. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Thomas A. Logon, of Cincinnati; First Vice Presi dent, C. O. Brigham, of Toledo; Second Vice President, Col. D. W. Thomas, of Akron ; Recording Secretary, ' B. C. Smith, of Bedford; Corresponding bee retary, W. B. Wiltbank, of Toledo; Treasurer, H. H. Browfl, of Cleveland. A resolution was adopted instructing the Treasurer to have the game laws of the State printed in proper form for distri bution, and that they lie posted in con spicuous places throughout the country. Patents recently issued to residents of Ohio :. Permutation-locks, E. Grab., Toledo ; vulcanizing apparatus for den tists, Horace M. Edson, Toledo ; cyl der-cams, M. J. Camey, Toledo ; scaf folds, Win. Burge, Mauniec ; bed-bottoms, William Wood, Canton ; music leaf turners, Gustavus M. Cohen and Gregor Dietz, Cleveland ; stone-extracting tools, N. B. Cheadle, Delta ; gov ernors for steam-engines, A. Kendall, Cleveland ; fence-posts, Engene Powell, Delaware; butter-coloring compounds, John. C. Rorick, Wauseonj fly-traps, Chas. Arandall and Win. C. Runyon, Marathon ; vehicle-scats, Wm. H. Cloud and David D. Craig, FrtJmont ; duvices for heating wagon tires, Stephen B. Hopkins, Councaut. ; brakes for liay wagons, Wm. Harper, Senecaville ; clothes-pounders, William H. Castle, Geneva ; helical-cone - suetionfons, Jas. White, Cleveland ; thill couplings, C. O. Gardiner, Springfield ; extension-toble slides, Geo. B. Lyman, Dayton ; impal pable soaps, J. P. Bryan, Canton ; eaves trough hangers, Jacob F. Hess and Len erd Hess, Mossillon ; advertising de vices, Cullin W. Reed, Chagrin Falls ; machines for making boxes, John Kisor, Nevada ; stuffing-boxes, A. (I. Myers, Dayton ; game and other-boards, Chas. F. Morgan, Cleveland ; plane-irons, John J. Ralya, Cleveland ; stave-jointers, John J. Ralya, Cleveland. L r NEWS OF THE WEEK. NEWS OF THE WEEK. The East. The International -Typographical Tjnion closed its session" at iioston by electing the following officess: President,. Walter H. Bell, Philadelphia. .First .' Vice-President, Jamea Harper, Montreal; Second Vice-President, C. F. Sheldon, Kansas City; Secretary and Treas urer, William A. Hutchinson, Chicago; Corre sponding Secretary, W. S. Pride, Wilmington, Del. ' 1 Charles C. Fuller, President, and J. T. Maury, Treasurer, of the Chaplin Paper Com pany, of Norwich, Cqna have absconded, leav ing outstanding obligations estimated to amount to $ 70, 000, the. greater part of which is be lieved to be in forged notes. . . Tho steam yacht Octavia, built at Cleveland In 18C4, for T. W. Eennard, engineer of tho At lantic and Great Wee tern railroad, is under sur veillance at New York, suspected Of being fit'ed out to aid the Cuban insurgents. : ' The Boston express train for New York ran off the track near the latter city, hat week, nar rowly escaping destruction. Two parlor coaches were overturned and a number of passengers quite severely bruised. . Vice-President Wilson was in the rear coach and escaped injury. Miss Annie Louise Cary, the vocalist, was slightly hurt. Ex-Speaker Blaine occupied a seat in the first coach, and reccivod slight injuries. The long strike in the Pennsylvania regions is endod, .the minors having agreed to resume work at the price offered by the mine owners at the beginning of the strike. The Court of Appeals, of the State of New York, has set aside tho sentence in the case of Boss Tweed, and ordered his discharge. A terrible explosion occurred last week in Boston, in a large building used as a manufac tory of fireworks. The men and boys were em ployed jn the building at the time, only one of whom escaped uninjured.- Without a moment's warning, the building was blown up with a terrific report, and a confused mass of inflam mable material at once took fire and- was en tirely consumed beforo any assistanco.could be rendered by the fire department, six bodies. burned and charred beyond recognition, were taken from the ruins. Tappin Wentwortu, of Lowell, Mass., who died a few days ago, bequeathed the bulk of his property to Dartmouth College. The bo- quest is estimated at $175,000. The centennial celebration of the battle of Bunker Ilill took place at Boston on the 17th of June, and was the grandest demonstration that ever occurred in this country. The pro cession was immense, numbering over 50,000 persona, 20,000 military being in line, including troops from Connecticut, New York, Pennsyl vania, Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina and other States. The enthusiasm was intense, bella ringing, cannon roaring, and flags floating everywhere. The buildings of the city were most profusely decorated, and arches of flowers and evergreens were erected at -all prominent points of the city. The streets were one vast mass of people, and it is estimated that there were over 300,000 visitors in the city. The exercises at Banker Hill monument were very interesting. Gen. Chas. Devens, Jr., was the orator of the day, his speech being confined to a graphic description of toe battle. He was followed by Gen. Sherman, Governor Hartranf t, Vice-President Wilson, Governor Ingcreoll, and others, in short addresses. In the evening the city was ablaze with fire-works and calcium fights, and receptions were given to General Sherman and the various regiments of visiting military. The West. Bill King has given bail to appear for trial at Washington on the charge of perjury. Heavy frosts visited some portions of Contra! and Western Michigan on the night of June 13, doing considerable damage to growing crops. It has been decided that the new Cuatom Honse at Chicago is insecure, and that no safe foundation can be had without commencing on piling. All the work of Mullet, therefore, will have to come down, and Architect Potter will construct an entirely new building. The lumber operatives of Chicago recently threatened a strike in consequence of reduc tion in their pay, but better counsels prevailed, and they very sensibljr concluded they would be cutting their own f it oats by such a coarse, as a number of unemployed were ready to take their places. They therefore continued to work as usual at reduced rate i. The city of Quincy, 111., was recently visited by a tornado of unusual violence. Twenty seven buildings were unroofed or totally de molished, and scarcely a chimney was left standing in the track of the cyclone. The pe cuniary loss is estimated at upward of $100,000. Only one person was killed, though many mar velous escapes are reported. -' . Two murderers were executed in Illinois on Friday, the 18th of June John Casey at Paris, and Nathan Burgess at Effingham. At Chicago, last neek, while a party of work men were blasting in a lime quarry, a prema ture explosion of powder occurred, resulting in the Instant death of four of the men. The "posr fellows were literary torn to pieces, and burned with the powder.in the most shocking manner. . . - . A frightful accident occurred near Chariton, Iowa,' on the Burlington and Missouri Biver railroad, last week, by which five:passengcrs were killed jmtright, and a number injured. The cause of the disaster was the high wind that prevailed at the time, -which drove a freight train ieto the caboose of a stock train that had stopped for coal. . ; : The West. The South. 'An atrocious murder was eemcfitted at Salem, JJurBerfcrd oetmty, lean:, last jteek. Wm. Jar- rtottotumcd'homo-from'viart-aud found his wife lying" dead on tub fidor"with a" cord drawn tightly around her tliroat. It is thought money was the object of tho murder, as some was found missing; - Washington. All the members of the commission to treat with the Sioux or the relinquishment of the Black Hills, have been appointed. The com mission as constituted is as follows: Senators Allison and Morrill, Mr. Comingo, member of Congress from Missouri, Bishop Haven, the Itev. Jlr, llinman, and the Hos. F..W. Palmer, editor of tho Chicago Inter-Ocean. All the members have signified their acceptance except Senator Morrill and Bishop Haven. The com miHHion will rendezvous at Yankton about tho middle of July, and will proceed thence to the various Sioux agoncies. The Treasury Department has issued -the new regulations relative to the examination of baggage of passengers from abroad. Every passenger will be compelled to make a sworn statement of the number of packages contained in each package, and to specifically state wheth er there are any articles intended for use of other persons. Any misrepresentation of facts will subject the baggage to forfeiture. General. After thirteen years and repeated fruitless efforts the iron safo of the United States man-of-war Cumberland, which was sunk in Hamp ton Beads by the Rebel ram Virginia, in 1862, has been recovered by a party of divers. The safe is supposed to contain about $100,000 ill gold, which mil go to the lucky finders, An American fishing-boat has picked up and brought into St. Johns, N. B., nine of the crew and three of the passengers of the lost steam ship Vicksburg. Several oil tanks and two or three warehouses belonging to Lockhart & Frew and Graff, Ben nett & Co., just outside the city of Pittsburgh, were destroyed by fire last week. About 150,000 barrels of oil were consumed. Total loss, 400,000, The grasshoppers have forsaken Western Missouri, and aro taking then flight northward. Tom McOchan, a notorious dospcrado, made famous by the tragic end of his counsel, Hon. C. L. VallandighanVwholost his life in explain ing some points in the trial of McGehan for the murder of a man named Myers, wai assassin ated in his saloon at Hamilton, Ohio, at 12 o'clock last Monday night. . Eocent fires : The business portion of New field, N. Y., with a loss of 150,000; J. P. Eipp's carriage factory. New York, loss tlOO, 000 ; at Barrasois, Cape Broton, destroying five houses and sweeping everything between there and Green Cove, a distance of nine miles, and burning the latter place. Advices from the Bio Grande frontier indi cate that affairs are becoming desperate in that region. A band of Cortina's cattle thieves who were caught raiding on the Texas side were at tacked and twelve of them killed. This en raged Cortina, who is Mayor of Matamoras, and has fully 3,000 men at his command. He threat ens to retaliate, and the settlers, as well as the citizens of Brownsville, are preparing for hos tilities, which seem imminent. The war between the Baltimore and Ohio and Pennsylvania railroads ia ended, the two com panies having compromised their difficulties. The factory of "the Ancaster (OnL) Knitting Company was burned last week. Loss, $150,000; partially insured. Two hundred persons are thrown out of employment . Political. The California Republican State Convention met at Sacramento, on the 11th, and nominated the following ticket : Governor, T. G. Phelps; Lieutenant-Governor, Joseph M. Cavis; Secre tary of State, O. H. Hallett; Comptroller, J. J. Green; Surveyor, B. E. Gardner; Treasurer, William Beckman; Attorney-General, E. D. Sawyer; Clerk of Supreme Court, Grant J. Tag gart; Superintendent of Publio Instruction, Ezra C. Cur. The platform adopted recognizes the career of President Grant; accepts the let ter of the President as a final settlement of the third-term question; declares that the Thir teenth, Fourteenth and FifteenUi amendments to the Constitution should be maintained; con demn that portion of the Southern people who mtimidato colored voters; demands economy and honesty in the administration of State and county governments; and that the State and its common schools be kept free from ecclesiasti cal or secular control; a declaration of war upon the railroad companies whim deny and resist the right of State regulation and control of fares and tolls, and a pledge that the Republican members of the Legislature will vote for a fair and reasonable reduction in this direction. The Maine Republicans have nominated Gen. Solden Connor for Governor. The Democratic State Convention of Ohio, at Columbus, last week, was one of the largest ever held. The following ticket was put in the field : Governor, William Allen, of Boss ; Lieutenant-Governor, Samuel F. C. Treyon, of Hamilton ; Supremo Judge, Thomas Q. Ash bum, of Clermont ; Auditor, E. M. Greene, of Shelby ; Treasurer, John Schreiner, of Meigs ; Attorney-General, Thomas E. Powell, of Dela ware ; member of the Board of Public Works, H. E. Geghan, of Erie. Foreign. An order has been isnued from the Imperial Chancellor at Berlin prohibiting the circulation of the Catholic Gazelle, of Baltimore, for two years, within the boundaries of the German empire. The Italian Parliament is greatly exercised over a bill for the suppression of brigandage in Sicily and elsewhere. The brigands appear to have nearly as many friends as opponents in he Chambers. News has just been received of a terrible" earthquake in New Grenada, South. America. The destruction was great m the valley -of Cucula, on the Venezueloan frontier-. Some 16,000 Uvea are reported lost by the calamity. A crisis is huminent in Greece which may result in the abdication of the King. Turk ish men-of-war have been ordered to cruise in Greek waters. The Russian Minister has advised tho King not to abdicate without securing the rights of his heir to the throne. -The intervention of foreign powers is probable. xne proposea new law in franco lor tne regulation of the press prohibits newspapers criticising the President or the form of govera meut under severe penalties, and they are not to bo allowed to publish ' false" news or pe titions for a change in the Constitution. The officers of the United States squadron have received a most cordial welcome in Berlin from tho Prince Imperial and the Chiof of the German Admiralty. At Toronto, recently, Chief Justice Draper gave judgment in the Peel election case, and disqualifying Mr. Chiaholm for offering two electors situations, in the event of their losing employment through voting for him. The upper house of the Prussian Diet ad journed after finally passing the bill withdraw ing the State grants from the" Roman Catholic clergy. The failure of Alex. Collie & Co., commis sion merchants, of London and Manchester, Eng., is announced, with liabilities at -3,-000,000. The American Rifle Team received a grand ovation on their arrival at Dublin last week. The streets were crowded, the buildings pro fusely decorated, and tho enthusiasm intmcnec. The suspension of tho firm of Bennett, Ben son & Co., of Quebec, is announced, with lia bilities estimated at over $1,000,000. After having passed through the vicissitudes of infancy and reached the mature age of a thousand years, Iceland finds that her troubles have just begun. The venerable island away off toward the frozen regions has had a terrible touch of the other extreme, and what with a general outbreak of volcanoes sup posed to have Bubsided . centuries ago, earthquakes, and furious storms of ashes and cinders, the unfortunate Ice landers have suffered a disaster the equal of which is unknown in history. Absut one-fifth of tho entire population have been rendered homeless and destitute, and several hundred persons are reported to have perished. Portugal has prohibited the introduction into that country and the adjacent islands of pota toes from the United States. A shooting match at Dublin for the Rifle Club challenge cup was participated in by some of the Americans, and although the cup was won by Rigby, a Dublin gunmaker, the shooting was regarded as showing the superiority of the Americans, as the match was mainly for prac tice, and this was their first visit to the scene of the coming contest. There is a general feeling of disquietude in Loudon business circles and a number of fail ures aro announced, mainly of houses engaged jn the East India trade. The Devil at the Treasury Department. . A few days ago, a small party of ladies and gentlemen visited the Treasury De partment for the purpose of seeing the sights and wonders there, and " Satan came also." This time he was distin guished as a neatly-dressed young man. His air- and manner were dignified, modest, and Bomewhat retiring. He was noticeable for his thick, black hair, mus tache and imperial, and piercing black eyes, which seemed to look into and comprehend all things around him. With that peculiar and graceful style which the Prince of Darkness has when in the presence of women and those hav ing authority, he was immediately in the good graces of all with whom he came in contact. He stopped a moment before a clork who was handling stamped bills. By some quick and potent influence tho stomped wore changed in tho " twinkling of an eye " into unstamped ones. The bewildered clerk looked first from ono to another, and then, as if he would implore the mercy of heaven in proof that he was honest ; but while hd prayed, lo I the bills were stamped again and he was happy. The. devil then glided noise lessly up to a beautiful young lady, ( all the ladies in the Treasury are beautiful), and as she looked up. consciously inno cent that her count would be all right, he drew large roll of bills from the folds of her dress. Her cheeks were blanched with fear and she trembled like an aspen leaf. Her -expression seemed to say: " Great Heaven, what have I done ! Who will take care of mother now! " Her companions looked on in astonishment, and the officials were thunderstruck. The devil "smole a ghastly smile," and, taking the roll of bills, placed them where they belonged, and the young lady came to herself, say ing, " Zamiel, is this to be the record of the dying year, and is my soul free ? " The devil continued his inspection tour, and in another department he found a pile of old bills which had never been missed, causing the gravest apprehension and astonishment, and while explaining how it was to the chief clerk the devil abstracted his watch from his breast pocket. In the long gray beards of the most honest men the world ever saw, a number of gold coins were found secret ed, and in the pockets of others pack ages of bills ready for delivery were found. The situation was becoming em barrassing, when one cool head, wiser than the rest, suggested that the famous magician, Herrman, was of the party, National Republican. Vanguard vs. Rear-Gúard. It is related of Napoleon that his last words were " Tete d'armee ! " Doubt less, as the shadow of death obscured his memory, the last thought that remained for speech was of some event when he was directing an important "head of column." I believe that every General who has handled armies in battle must recall from his own experience the in tensity of thought on some similar occa sion, when, by a single command, he had given the finishing stroke to some com plicated action ; but to me recurs another thought that is worthy of record, and may enccurage others who are to follow us in our profession. I never saw the rear of on army engaged in battle but I feared that some calamity had happened at the front the apparent confusion, broken wagons, crippled horses, men ly ing about dead and maimed, parties hastening to and from seeming disorder, and a general apprehension of something dreadful about to ensue ; all these signs, however, lessened as I'neared the front, and there the contrast was complete perfect order, men and horses full of confidence, and it was not unusual for general hilarity, laughing and cheering. Although cannon might be firing, the musketry clattering, and the enemy's shot hitting close, there reigned a general feeling of strength and security that bore a marked contrast to the bloody signs that had drifted rapidly to1 the rear; therefore, for comfortand safety, I surely Ljttwld rathe be at the front than the rear line of ' battle. So also on the march, the head of the column moves on steadily, while the rear is alternately halting and then rushing forward to close up the gap ; and all sorts of rumors, especially the worst, float back to the rear. Old troops invariably deem it a special privilege to be in the front to be at the "head of column" because ex perience has taught them that it is the easiest and most comfortable place, and danger only adds zest and stimulus to Sherman's Memoirs. The Next Lost Art. I am sorry to report, as a result of in vestigations that a large proportion of tho girls of the country, and. even of those brought up on farms, are growing to womanhood without learning to milk; indeed, with these it is recoming a lost art. Even young men who have no prospect of success, except such as shall come by their own labor, cannot milk. To milk a cow seems to be a dreadful thing, for she has horns and can hook, and certainly she can kick, and kicking hurts, so the work is performed by the old folks, who learned thousands of years ago when the world was barbaric, and they.theyoung folks, si tin the house, possibly at work, but more likely read ing novels, or playing on the piano. The question arises, what is going to be done when the old folks die ? I know that this cannot lost long. Twenty years ago a pound of butter barely bought a yard of calico ; now it will buy three or four yards, and it will buy three pounds of sugar, half a gallon of molasses, and cloth enough for a shirt Formerly a laborer could earn a pound of bntter by working a single hour ; now he ninst work good three hours. It seems to me clear enough that if things go on in this way- ten or fifteen years, butter will bring 75 cents or $1 a pound, unless it goes out of use entirely, except on a few farms where the young folks shall be so abused as to be made to milk ; and cream to put on strawberries will be out of the question. That now-fashioned butter made of beef suet, buttermilk, and eggs comes in at the right timo as a judgment on the young folks who aro afraid cows Dr. Cross. A Child and an Oyster. The following - is from the London Solicitors' Journal: "The English law presents an extraordinary contrast. On the one side it is held that the negli gence of a person having charge of a young child is the negligence of the child and imputable to the child, and that there is no redress if the child is negligently run over. On the other side, it is held that, though oysters ore negligently placed in a river-bed, it is an injury reiiressable by damages for a vessel to negligently disturb them. The child, were he an oyster, would De protected ; but as a child under analo gous circumstances of nwglect ho in with out redress," Mal de Mer. We were in the Gulf Stream, knocking, about in a pretty rough sea. The effect on a missionary stomach was the same as that on the stomach of all landsmen. I remember one morning when tho decks were in a Very disagreeable condi tion in consequence. After repeatedly cleansing them, the patience of old Pease was exhausted. He accordingly wrote with a piece of chalk on the companion way : " Passengers feeling seasick "vyill please go to leeward." Soon Brother Brodlee emerged from the cabin with a rising breakfast. The notice caught his eye,but not understand ing its significance he staggered about for a moment and then gave occasion for another application of the swab to the decks. This done, he looked meekly into tho face of Mr. Pease, who was re garding him with a minglod expression of pity and contempt. " I noticed the direction," humbly ob served the divine, " but I am not aware what 'leeward means." " "Why, it means, the loesidcof the ship, of course," replied the second mate. " Which is the lee side !" "Which is the lee side! Well, it's t'other side of the weather side." - " Add which is the weather side ?" " The weather side 1 Sometimes it's the Rtarboardand sometimes its larboard (for the term larboard was, then in use). It's the starboard, now we are on this tack." . " Eeally," said Brother Bradlce, "you must excuse me. I 'don't understand these various terms. What's starboard? What's larboard ? What's tack? " Placing his arms a-kimbo, while ' the tottering missionary steadied himself by a belaying pin, Pease regarded him for a moment as an object beneath the pity or contempt that he had at first bestowed upon him, and then with expletive ear nestness exclaimed : " Now ain't you a pretty fellow for a missionary ? Going to convert the heath en, and don't know two sides of a ship twenty-five foot apart ! You'd better go home the first vessel we speak and make two or three costing voyages and then try it again ; perhaps you'll learn something." Mal de Mer. Ice Cream---What a Dealer Has to Say. " There is one point," said the man, " that whenever any person comes into my saloon and looks stranger-like, and particularly if they give any evidence of being unused to city life, they invariably ask for ' vanilla ' cream. I don't know why it is, other than the fact that vanilla was about the first flavor used in ice cream. In olden times it was supposed that ice cream might produce hysteria, and as vanilla was administered medi cinally for that, they used it as a suitable flavor to counteract any evil effects that cream might have. Those were the days when doctors were just beginning to al low their fever patients to have ice and drink cold water. The consequence was that vanilla ice cream thus became wide known, and it is one of the best. ' By some it is called 'vanil,' by others ' niiler,' and there are those also who ask for ' banilla.' Of course these mis takes are laughable, but then we never treat unknowing people in any ungen tlemanly or unladylike way. It is not our business to make fun of others, who, in all probability, know infinitely more than we do in their business at home." " What sort of ice cream do ladies ask for ?" continued the reporter. " Elderly ladies take lemon, middle aged like chocolate, young ladies take strawberry, and the quite pert misses ask for orange, peach,' and mixed flavor. It has become quite fashionable to call for mixed creams. During the straw berry season we sell berries and ice cream, or berries and ordinary cream with sugar. - Ice cream and berries form tho principal demand nowadays. There is a great deal in appearance,and a plate heaped -high with berries and cream looks aristocratic and still doesn't cost much. Then again, it is very palatable, and is much more cred itable than spending that money for something that does not do any person any good, but rather harm.' Ice cream is refreshing and nourishing, and can be eaten in perfect safety by everybody." Onions for Sleeplessness. I now venture to suggest a new but simple remedy for want of sleep, says Frank Bucklond, the naturalist. Opi ates in any form, even 'the liquor opii sedat and chlorodyne, will leave traces of their influence the next morning. . I therefore prescribe for myself, and have frequently done so for others onions, simply common onions raw, but Spanish onipns stewed will do. Everybody knows the taste of onions; this is due to a pe culiar essential oil contained in this most valuable and healthy root. This oil has, I am sure, soporific powers. In my own case they never fail. II I am pressed with work, and feci I shall not sleep, I eat two or three small onions, and the effect is magical. Onions are also ex cellent things to eat when exposed to intense cold. Mr. Parnaby, Troutdale Fishery, Keswick, informs me that when collecting salmon and trout eggs in the winter, he finds that common raw onions enable him and his men to bear the ice and cold of the semi-frozen water much better than beer, etc The Arctic expe dition, just now about to start, should tercfore take a good stock of onions. Finally, if a person cannot sleep, it is because the blood is in the brain, not in his stomach. This is to be done by eat ing a biscuit, a hard-boiled egg, a bit of bread and cheese or something. Fol low this up with a glass of wine or milk, or even water, and you will fall asleep, and will, we trust, bless the name of Frank Buckland. Subterranean Routes. Underground railroads or tunnels as the means of transit through populous cities are becoming more and more re cognized as a necessity as the railroad system of the country is extended and traffic increased. The streets of our cities are necessary to the u&os and con venience of their inhabitants, for which they were originally intended, and tho safety of human life also has to be secured by shutting tho steam railroads out of them as rapidly as possible.- The day is not far distant whon no such railroad will bo allowed the use of much frequented streets of cities for the pass age of their trains. Hence we see and hear of the opening of tunnels from time to time in different of our chief cities, by which the annoyance and dan ger of intruding railroad cars is no longer felt Among the latest achieve ments of this sort is the completion of the tunnel under Fourth avenue, New York city, which was opened recently, and now ull the railroads leaving that city will have an underground outlet The work has been two years in execu tion and has cost several piiljions of dol hirs. Baltimore Sun. Let the Babies Dig in the Dirt. We. once asked an old Winnebago squaw, how it was that she cured her sick family by simply covering them ev ery day with fresh earth, leaving- only a breathing spot for their noses, and she said: " Earth our mother. Earth make she, and Earth take good care to moke she papooses strong; squaw-mother make she papooses sick. " Earth-mother make she papooses well again. She can't tell white squaw any more." Now this poor Tnrlian woman was wiser " ac cording to her lights." Without know ing why, she saw that the earth was a friend to her children, and therefore gave them to its healing embrace. If the mother be fortunate enough to live in the country, she has the cure for many of her children's ills quite at hand. En courage baby to play in the fresh earth, preparing it properly for its enjoyment and cure, with as careful an eye to the comfort of the little thing as you would if it were to take any other sort of a bath. If it has no old dresses, make it a suit of cheap print, tie upon its head a light hat that will protect its eyes from discomfort, and give it freedom to delve in the warm, soft earth, where the sun shine can comfort and invigorate it If it is a city child, and circumstances for bid a trip to the country for the soke of the weak convalescent, have a sand heap made on the warm side of your yard. Instinct will teach it to dig, and digging hardens the muscles and brings strength to the bones, while from the heart of the eirth rises a subtle and strong power of healing that we can neither explain nor understand for ourselves, though we have both seen and felt its potency. The Metropolitan. Laborers' Diet in Scotland. The details of a cose between master and servant. reoently tried at Forres, Scotland, afford a good idea of the change for the better made by Scotch emigrants to the United States. Some farm servants contended against the con stant infliction of " kailbrose" which they had to undergo because their employer, named Paul, had sone time before added five'calves to his stock, and consequently cotrhl not allow the help as much milk as would serve them each night to take their porridge with. The servants agreed to be satisfied with porridge and milk, but even this concession the Judge would not insist upon, claiming that the food supplied them was as good as that usually provided in the country. The " kailbrose" is a very inexpensive dish, mode of the sprouts of certain vegetables boiled, and oatmeal added. Where the laborers of that section board themselves, nothing but "brose" and milk three times a day from year's end to year's end is used, and butcher's meat once in two days is the luxury of fortunate servants. The character of the laborer's diet in this country shows the poor man's sov ereignty in his food as well as his vote. The laborer. here lives as well as the wealthy farmer in Great Britain, as a rule. Meat at least twice, and sometimes thrice a day, is but a small portion of his table comforts, and "kailbrose," even with milk, he would use to fatten his pork instead of himself. And yet there are poor people across the water that are made to believe they cannot better their condition by coming to our shores. Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Some noteworthy cases were reported at a recent meeting in New York of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. One of the worst was that of a young orphan girl, 14 years old, who was badly choked and beaten by her uncle, and locked up in a room, She mode her escape, and was being per suaded to enter a disorderly house in Wooster street, when the matter was brought to the notice of the society. Steps were at once taken by which she secured a home in a respectable family as a servant Seven cases were found where the circumstances would have. warranted a prosecution, but, after giv ing the accused persons a severe warn ing it was thought better not to use ex treme measures unless the cruelty was again perpetrated. The coses are yet in abeyance, two of. the offenders being under bail to stand trial. The Secretary further represented, that, during the past month, he had' visited the neighborhood of the different theaters and other places of amusement at night, and found many young' children begging. Upon being questioned, invariably the same answer was given: "Sent out by mother, or "by father," to beg. Since then some of them have disappeared, while others have changed their begging grounds and again others have become peddlers of flowers. Which. An old story regarding Ethan Allen is opportunely revived by the Washington Chronicle. Allen had the reputation of being an open unbeliever in Christianity. He published the first formal attack on tho Christian religion ever written in America. He enclmed to the doctrine of Pythagoras, and believed in the trans migration of souls. His wife was a woman of exemplary piety, and his chil dren, with the exception of one daugh ter, shared with the mother in her relig ious belief. This daughter inclined to the strange opinions of the father. When" about to die she sent for him. The roucrh-STXiken man. whose heart was as tender as a child's, came to the bedsido of the dying girL " Father, I am about to die," said she ; " shall I believe in the principles you have taught me, or shall I believe in what mv mother has taucrht me I" Tho father became agitated, his hps quivered, tears ran down his cheeks, and bending over his dying child, he said, with a voice choked with emotion. "Believe what your mother has taught you." Only Wanted to Know. The night clerk of a Louisville drug store was aroused some evenings ago by the furious tinkling of his bell. Peep ing out of a front window he looked be low and saw two mon standing in tho doorway of the shop, moving about in a manner indicative of extreme uneasi ness. With a shout "He down in a minute," he donned his pantaloons by fastening a single flying button, and pull ing on his stockings hastened below. He opened the front door to admit the two fellows, who, singularly, preferred to stand outside and allow the clerk to cool off in the night air. One of the strangers, a big fat fellow, asked of the clerk, "Have you any'Croton oili" to which he answered, " Yes, sir, plenty;" whereupon the first speaker turned to his companion, a slim little fellow, and said, in an exultant tone, " I told you so." The little fellow seemed greatly disappointed, but muttered : " Well, con found it, I know you did." Both then walked off, jjpd the clerk rnbbedbj.seyes nrm went iujhio ueu, RATES OF ADVERTISING. 8pac. I w. 1 m. 3 m. 8 m.w m. 13 m. 1 inch U 00 2 00,3 00 $4 OO.K 00 $8 00 $10 00 100 3 00 4 Oil 6 00:10 00 13 00 15 00 a AO 3 50 4 60 9 00 11 fi 15 00 18 00 3 00 4 00 5 OOtll 00 15 00 17 60 20 00 4 00 6 00 8 00;i5 00.20 00 25 00 30 00 7 00 10 00 13 00"0 00 30 00 40 00 SO 00 2 inches 3 inches . . . 4 inches . . . column . column. I column. . 10 (KtllS 00,'i3 00 3 W H5 00 75 00 100 00 Bmintwt cards of fire lines or less, $3 per annum. Local notices 10 cents per line rarli insertion. and church and benevolont socirty notices inserted free. Any additions to obituary notices will bo chirged 5 cento per line. Favors must be banded In ss early as Tuesday morning to insnro insertion tho same week- Communications upon subjects of general or lo cal interest are solicited. GROCERS CHEATING IN ENGLAND. In apt adulteration Our tradesmen now exult; They'd kill the English nation. Both infant and adult In trade what lots of trickery ! In ale how little malt 1 The coffee's full of chicory. The beer is full of salt. Nutrition for the nursery. For babies plump and arch. Turns out upon a cursory Inspection to be starch ! Maize na and OswcffO Are starch without the bine ; But wiieiethe'dence will he ro Who dares such things to duT VThat though a man has led a Of traders of renown ? Even a Moscow medalist " The analyst runs down. And O how sad to utter The statement Punch has sera,! That even best fresh butter Is made from butterine I The truthful grocer rum eM Alas I his frauds are gross ; Neither is vintner honest Nor brewer, inter no. If yon would wear gray locks on Brains that with ago wont fail. Grow your own sheep and oxen, a J ifin Ann aiinil a1a. Punch. Wit and Humor. Men of color Dyers. A week conclusion Saturday night A pair of drawers A span of team horses. nr.miTRAi. errors Departing from the paths of rector-tude. Knnrnrr.iim Artnendix SOTS these grass hoppers are eminently meat ' T mttst marrv that girL" said . a dis consolate young man ; " she whistles, anil if 11 T1AVAT (1 0 to trifle with the affec tions of a girl that whistles." said Svdney Smith, " preach as if sin were to be taken from men as Eve was from Adam, by casting them into a deep sleep." a WnivKinroH r,n.lifnrnian discourages immigration to the Pacific Slope with the announcement that all the gals are from Boston, ana annKs are au iwoutj- hve cents. Evkjt the errave and classical New York World is making puns. In Thursday's issue of that paper there was an article headed, "IHow spitters should expect to rate." "I have," says A. T. Stewart, " made n mia mv lifA tn irivA h man the value of his money. I know no man . . 3 ' 1.1. : i ... .... who Has succeeaea lor mirtj jcuio any other principle." Is rr any wonder that our clothing merchants can sell pants at two, three, and four dollars a pair, when the women who make them are paid only one dollar and twenty-five cents a dozen pairs ! cspnngjieia jtepuuiivujt. next Sun- day evening, Horace, dear, but and sne nesiiaw-u. nm- Havel given you pain?" he asked, as she still remained silont "You didn't mean to, I'm sure," she responded, "but next fame please, uon s wear one of those collars with the points turning outward, they scratch so' Ulica Her ald. TTcwv-r wifrtuu-incr TAAATltlv. & Stalwart VJCVf, .wut.uuu.-,, J J T.i ,1 1 1. ti imiwinfr L f-TTITilrfm fUTO&W Till a hill to the campoodlo, near Austin, the neveiue ooserves : The snow vu deep, The hill waa steep, The manaM asleep. But still that Indian toiled on, and if ha didn't cry " Excelsior !" he said " heap damn!" One. of our young men whon he was married didn't want to patronize the baker. He said bread tasted ever so mni-li better made bv her dear bands. This delighted her. But when she wanted a scuttle 01 coai ana ne suggBoir aA tlmt sTia crAf if. u tliA fire would feel so much better if the coal was brought Dy ner a ear nan as, sne was u-j-giiow-u. Women aro so changeable. Danbury JSews. fr-w 7 11 ill (1,-J llTl .Tur-Vnnn. of Bockv Gulch, Nev., is a " forty-niner " who has K-ti flormrrVi iha mill TVlA flfltPr fLftV UQOU 'llf-,. WW rf he hobbled up to a party of new-comers and observed. xena w yer uiauras, knm r.,I tta'iI Via nil nliL I've bin here nigh thirty years, and have been lynched, shot at stabbed, knocked down, thrown off a mountain, and mop nefl around srenerallv. but I'm here to day, bigger'n a box car." Men Who Lived Without Speaking. Charles Warren Stoddard, writing to the San Francisco Chronicle, says: " Away up on the hill that overlooks Naples stands the Carthusian monastery of San Martino. The monks who once inhabited the glorious palace for it is nothing less were men Of noble birth and vast fortune. The church is now one of the most magnificent in Italy. Agate, jasper, lapis-lazuli, amethyst Egyptian granite and fossil wood, to gether with marbles of every tint, are so blended in mosaics that line tho whole edifice, and the carvings are so rich and graceful that the interior of some of the chapels seem like Eden bowers trans fixed by a miracle and frozen into stone. And in this spot lived a brotherhood who came from the first circles of society and buried themselves in this gorgeous tomb, for it was little else. The monks took a vow of perpetual silence, lived apart, ate apart, and met only for the unsocial hours of prayer, when each was wrapped in his own meditation, and no one uttered a syllable. "Each of the little cells where they slept had a small window or closet com municating' with one of tho corridors, and in this closet was -placed the frugal meal which was then token into the cell and eaten in solitude. . Every quarter of an hour a bell struck, to remind the lis teners that they were so much nearer their death. In the garden tne railings' are ornamented with marble skulls, and' the only sounds that used to disturb this splendid solitude were the tread of san daled feet the rustle of long white robes, or the clang of the bell that tolled off their solemn lives in brief moments, that yet might have seemed long to them. These monks, like most others in Italy, have been driven from their retreat and all thoir treasures onttecated by Victo Emmanuel." Mummies. A resident in Egypt sends to a friend a page from tho " Arabian Nights " : " The Viceroy is constructing a railway from Alexandria to Bosetta, and in the course of cutting it innumerable mum mies have been turned up from time to time. About a month ago I walked ou to the cutting and found several coffins in the shape of the human form, inside which were bodies apparently in the highest state of preservation ; but when. I attempted to touch them they crum bled to atoms. Gold (?) ornaments, which I also discovered there were so thoroughly decomposed that it was im possible to obtain a specimen,"