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VOL. XX-NO. 8.
EATON. OHIO, THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1887.
WHOLE NUMBER 1027.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
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Local notlcea 10 eenta per line each Inaertlon. Simple
announcement of murriagea and deatha, and church
and benevolent eoclftj notlcea Inserted free. Any
addition to obituary notlcea will be ebmrged are osata
Favor moat be haadel ta aa early a. Taeada
lorntn to Inaure tnaeri.on the same weeT, Com- -
mnnlcatlena apoa auljecl of general or local latere
General News Summary.
Interesting Home and Foreign News.
Lemuel J. Stanton, of Iowa, Lorenzo
Thomas, ot Delaware, Charles J. St. John.
Jr., of Tennessee, John Harmon, of New
Mexico, and John G. Taylor, of Colorado,
have been appointed special examiners in
the Pension Office. James A. Lydston, of
Illinois, and H.B. Trist, of Georgia, have
been appointed medical examiners in the
.same office. -
A subscription fund for the benefit of
Mrs. Logan was started at Washington on
the 38th, and within twenty-four hours over
f 15,000 had been subscribed.
The Secretary of the Treasury on the
28th issued a call for (10,000,000 of three per
cent. The call will mature February 1,
1887. ... -
: Only ' thirty-five applications from as
, many cities had been received at the Post
' effloe Department up to the 28th for the free
; delivery system in cities entitled to the
" same under the recent law of Congress.
: Unless application is -made by the cities
entitled to it the service will not be estab
lished. The General Land Office has received re
' ports during the past week showing the
removal under peremptory orders from
- special agents of fences from twenty in-
. closures embracing over 274,000 acres of
land, principally in the Denver, CoL, land
A report made by the chief clerk of the
United States mint at Denver, CoL, shows
the value of new gold received' during 1888
to nave been 11, 444, 706.29. This does not
include the value of mint bars re-deposited.
Lieutenant William H. Emory has been
. ordered to command the Thetis, one of the
-. Greely relief vessels, which has been re
fitted at the Brooklyn navy yard and will
be attached to the Pacific squadron.
After a two hours' conference with
committee of his employes on the 27th,
- President Lewis, of the Brooklyn (N. Y.)
Streetcar Company, agreed to recognize the
Empire Protective Association. This was
" tao bone of contention, and all fears" of
another tie-up are now dispelled.
Bossom & Co., of Boston, dealers in fur
niture, who recently failed, offer to pay
twenty-five cents on the dollar. Their lia
bilities are t2 1,000. A creditors' committee
has advised acceptance of the offer.
The tomb of W. H. Vanderbilt, at New-
dorp, Staten Island, was sealed at noon on
the 27th in the presence of Mr. George Van
derbilt. Wreaths ot flowers were hung on
the bronze gate, but there was no cere
1 An agreement between the Reading rail
road general manager and its employes
was signed on the 28th and the threatened
strike averted. The terms were not dis
closed, but are considered satisfactory to
-The annual statement of the saving banks
of Massachusetts is a gratifying exhibit.
The number of open accounts is 906,039, an
increase of 57,272, and the amount of depos
its is fau 1,197,900, an increase of $16,199,488.
The announcement was made on the 28th
; that Miss Edith Tannage, daughter of Rev.
T. DeWltt Talmage, will soon be married to
nr. Allan Donnan, of Richmond. Va.
Dr. Fatten, an aged man who lived alone
in Franklin, Me., was burned to death in
his house on the 28th. He was formerly a
successful dentist but lost his practice
thrmnrh intAmTMran-. anil rtf lata hMonmnl
John Tyler, the man who committed sui-
eide a few days ago and who was insured
for nearly $300,000, took out policies last
: . March at Syracuse, N. Y., amounting to
By the will of John O. Williams, which
was filed for probate in the Suffolk County
(Mass.) Probate Court on the 28th, Harvard
College receives some 400,000.
' The schedules in the assignment of the
' flrniof E.M.Foster & Co., New York up-
Cloisterers, show liabilities of $983,000; con
tingent $S8,964; nominal assets $974,120, and
' actual assnts $322,356. The assignee states
that the difference in the assets is due to
bad debts and depreciation in the value of
VUS2 aiWB .f -W
; .Stubb's art store at Portland, Mo., burned
on the 28th, eausing a loss of $22,000.
: Daniel F. Beatty, ex-Mayor of Washing
ton, N. J., was arrested on the 28th
charged with improper and illegal use of
the mails. Beatty was at one time one of
the most extensive manufacturers of organs
and pianos in the country, but failed in
1884. A short time ago he resumed busi-
- ness, and issued circulars offering to sell
organs at a remarkably low price. The
arrest was made at the instance of a lady
who claimed that she had sent him money
for an organ but has since been unable to
get either the money or the organ.
By a premature explosion of powder in
Lawrence, Brown & Co.'s colliery at Frack
ville. Pal, on the 29th ult. Thomas Fisher
was burned to death, Richard Penn and
Harry McCormick seriously injured, and
three Italians frightfully burned and
Mrs. Edwin Stanford, aged nineteen,
young married woman of Stanford's Cor
ners, N. Y., was burned to death on the 28th
ult. She was alone in the house, and it is
' supposed her clothes caught fire from the
. kitchen stove.
James A. McMasters, editor of the New
York Fncman't Journal, and a leading
Catholic journalist, died in St. Mary's hos
pital, Brooklyn, N. Y., on the 28th ult., from
t -the effects of a fall a few weeks ago. He
was born in Duanesburg, N. Y., in 1820, and
was the son of a Protestant minister.
George Crampton, a loom manufacturer
of wide reputation, died at his home in Wor
. cester, Mass., on the 39th ult., aged fifty
A fire at Greensburg, Pa., on the 29th nit.
destroyed ten buildings including the Laird
House, Temple's hardware store, the Press
office, Caleb Stark's dwelling and four
stores. The guests of the Laird House were
sound asleep when the fire started, and
many of them barely escaped from the
building in their night clothes. Loss esti
mated at $100,000: insured for about half
An infant son of Mrs. Mary Hart, of Phil
adelphia, died snddenly on the 29th ult.
From the fact that Mrs. Hart had lost
. twelve children heretofore, all at the age
of but a few days, the coroner ordered an
inquest upon the body of the infant. The
officials consider the case a very suspicious
At Niagara Falls, N. Y., on the 29th ult.
s sleighing party consisting of scholars and
teachers of St. Peter's Sunday-school, were
crossing the New York Central railroad
tracks when the sleigh was struck by
switching engine. No one was killed, but
- nearly all were injured, one. Miss Annie
l.ocher, probably fatally.
At Nanticoke, Pa., on the 30th ult a scaf
fold upon which five men were at work
tho new armory gave way and the men
were precipitated to the ground below.
. were terribly cut and bruised. JohnOsweU,
carpenter, had both legs broken and was
George Eyster, Jr., died suddenly at Phil
adelphia on the awn ult. Mr. oyster neia
the office of Assistant Treasurer of
United States at Philadelphia from 1869,
when he was appointed by General Grant,
until Last Juno.
The case of the Oregon Transcontinental
Company against Kuhn, Loeb & Co.,
- New York, in which the former recovered
a verdict of $112,000, was settled on the
. ult. by the payment of $103,033 by Kuhn,
Loeb & Co.
Large quantitiesof counterfeit silvercoin
are being tenaereu in nunier s roini, jj.
by farmers returning from New York City.
It appears that most of the counterfeits
have been given in clmnge by bartenders
saloons, and it is believed a gang oi coun
terfeiters in upper New York are getting
rid of their goods through the connivances
Oi saloon-keepers ana oarcenaers.
Otis Josselon, whs Is wanted La Lynch-
burg, Va., for an extensive forgery on the
Hmger Manufacturing Company, was cap
tured in Hartford, Conn., on the 30th ult.
General w. W. Loring Pasha, formerly
of the United States army and of the Con
federate army, and later the commander of
Loring' s corps in the Egyptian army, died
of pneumonia in New York City on the
Navigation on the Hudson river between
Newburgh and New York closed on the 30th
ult. for the winter.
WEST AND SOUTH.
arrived at Pcnsacola, Fla., on the 27th. Dur
ing the voyage seven cases of yellow fever
occurred on the vessel, two of which re
sulted fatally. The board of health has
ordered the vessel to quarantine.
William N. Sturges, better known in the
commercial world as "Jack" Sturges, died
at Chicago on the 20th. He became most
noted in the great corn corner of July and
August, 1874, in which he was the most
prominent figure. He had but little of his
former possessions left at the time of his
At Galesburg, ILL, on the 28th W. G. Ar
nold was convicted of having embezzled
$1,400 of the funds of the Covenant Mutual
Benefit Association, and was sentenced to
one year's imprisonment.
The Columbus (O.) Board of Trade on the
28th passed a resolution to erect a building
suitable for State conventions of all kinds.
It will cost not less than $125,000.
At St. Louis on the 28th a water tank in
the refrigerating house of the Heim brew
ery fell through the roof, killing John
Keifer, an employe, and breaking the pipes
so as to liberate a quantity of ammonia gas
which was inhaled by two men whose
names are unknown.
At Middletown, O., on the 28th Mrs. Hen-
drickson, while showing a neighbor how
she would treat tramps if any molested her,
took a revolver from a drawer and fired a
shot in the air from the door. As she was
returning it to the drawer the weapon was
in some way again discharged and Mrs.
Hendrickson's five-year-old daughter was
The river Bteamers City of Natchez and
R. 8. Hayes, together with four barges,
were destroyed by fire at Cairo, 111., on the
28th. The barges wore loaded with cotton,
soda ash and sundries. The Natchez was
one of the finest steamers on the river.
The total loss will reach $1,003,000. The fire
originated in the steamer Hayes.
The boiler in the Armstrong mine at An
gus, la., exploded on the 23th, instantly
killing Sol Piper, John Blythe and Charles
Carson, and wounding two others.
Collins & Co.'s rake and handle factory
at Garrettsville, O., burned on the 28th.
Loss $8,000, with only $1,000 insurance. This
is the third time Mr. Collins has been
burned out in this business.
In a saloon quarrel at Cairo, 111., a few
days ago, Thomas. Spicer, colored, was
thrown to the floor by Henry Hayes and
Thomas Meahan, who covered him with
turpentine and set fire to his clothing. The
victim died soon after and the perpetrators
are in jail.
Hogs in the southern part of Cerro Gordo
County, la., are reported dying in large
numbers of what seems to be disease of the
lungs. Some drop dead instantly, while
others linger several days, refusing to eat
or drink any thing and finally die. Many
farmers have lost their entire herds.
A fire originating in the toy, millinery
and notion store of C D. Smith, Sioux City,
la., on the 28th, destroyed property to the
amount of $22,000. Insurance $10,000.
The indebtedness of the Texas cattle firm
of Peacock Bros. & Co., whose failure was
recently announced, is $255,350 and the as
sets amount to $355,500.
The executive committee of the Freed-
men's Aid Society of the Methodist Episco
pal Church has recommended the trustees
of the Chattanooga university to request
Professor Calkins to resign on account of
discourtesy to a colored minister.
Rev. Clayton Kelso, a Presbyterian min
ister, committed suicide at Macon, Mo., on
the 28th ult. by hanging himself. He had
just returned from the funeral of his sister
and It is supposed that excessive gnei over
her death unbalanced his mind.
At Eau Claire, Wis., on the 28th ult. the
v Ataiao, i was. wuw
Prohibitionists of the Eighth
sional district nominated Hugh Price for
the short Congressional term, and Peter
Truax, of Eau Claire, for the long term,
succeed William T. Price, deceased.
The brewers of Cincinnati and Milwaukee
are raising funds for Arensdorf, the brewer,
who is under arrest at Sioux City, la., for
the murder of the Rev. Mr. Haddock. They
say he has been singled out as a victim by
The Alliance accommodation on tne ntts-
bureh & Fort Wayne railroad jumped the
track near Darlington, O., on the 29th ult.,
wrecking two passenger coaches and the
baggage car. Four passengers and two
employes received painful but not serious
injuries and a number of others were
H. Li. Miller and his son nave neen
dicted by the grand jury of Tazewell
County, Va., for having set fire to their
hotel at Pocahontas last October, thereby
causing the death of George and Charles
Barber, two worthy young men of Poca
The authorities of Grenada, Miss., offer
reward of $2,030 for the apprehension
George Gardner, w?so a few nights ago as
sassinated Walter Dement in the public
square of that city.
John Grady returned to his home in Chi
cago on the night of The Z9th ult. in an
condition, sank down in his back
yard and froze to death.
Captain A. K. B. Sparrow, an .English
man, went to Las Vegas, N. M., last June
and invested $75,000 in a bogus cattle com
pany. The investment proved an entire loss,
leaving him without means oi Bupport, ano
on the 29th uht. he ended his existence
suicide at Hot Springs.
Colonel James McDermott Kae, inventor
of the railway mail distribution scheme,
died at his home in Toledo, O., on the 29th
The opera house at Galesburg, ILL, owned
by C. Brechwald & Co. and Aaron Nash,
was totally destroyed by fire on the 29th ult.
Loss about $75,000; insurance $25,000.
The steamer Bradish Johnson, used as
boarding house at Jackson, Ala., where
West Alabama railroad bridge is building,
was burned on the night of the 29th ult.
Two whites, Otis McElroy and Dan Mil-
house, are missing; and two negroes, Lewis
Adams and Ben Bush, were drowned, it
believed that ten others, all negroes, per
ished in the flames, and ten others drowned.
Fire in the spice mills of William Schot-
ten. at St. Louis on the 30th ult. caused
loss on building of $40,000; on stock, $35,000
on machinery, $10,000; total, $85,000; insur
While conducting the examination
Sheriff McKinney's murderers at Cotulla,
Tex., on the 30th ult., Judge Harwood
from his seat to the floor dead. It is
lieved that death was caused bn an over
dose of morphine,
Michael Davitt, the famous Irish patriot,
was married at Oakland, Cal., on the
ult. to Miss Mamie Yore.
Cluverius, tho condemned murderer
Fannie Lillian Madison, has sent out circu
lars to members of the Virginia Assembly
for the purpose of getting them to sign
petition asking the Governor to grant him
reprieve until they meet.
The rumors of a threatened strike on
Gould southwestern railroads about the
of January are pronounced absolutely with
out foundation by prominent Knights
Labor and railroad men.
William Lester fell into a vat of prussic
acid at Work's candle factory, Cincinnati,
on the 30th ult. and was so badly scalded
that death soon resulted.
In 1883 the Saginaw river mills manu
factured 798,856,000 foot of lumber, 227,463,
000 shingles, 100,000,000 pieces of lath
have now on hand 3 15. 000,033 feet of lumber.
owon nanaoio wMiwjieeooiiumoer.
meeting of the Chicago City .Council
30th ult, a proportion to tender
a th 30th ult, a proportion
southern end of Lake park as a place for
the grave and monument of the late Senator
Logan was incorporated into an ordinance
and unanimously passed.
Nearly half of the town of Marlboro, Md.,
was destroyed by fire on the 30th ult., caus
ing an estimated loss ot $75,000.
The jury in &e case of Stephen Collins,
the Pinkerton officer charged with the mur
der of Arthur Wightman during the stock
yards strike at Chicago, on the 80th nit.
rendered a verdict of acquittal. '
The New Mexico Territorial Legislature
organized at Santa Fe on the 30th ult., with
a Republicon majority of two in each
branch. Governor Ross in his message
recommended the funding of the outstand
ing Territorial warrants and long-time
bonds at a low rate of interest.
James Kenmore, an orphan, aged four
teen, committed suicide by hanging himself
at Peotone, I1L, on the 80th ult. In com
pany with other children he had attended a
Christmas tree party, at which all received
presents but himself. This fact so preyed
upon his mind that he became despondent
and finally ended his life as above.
. The Michigan Soldiers' Home, near Grand
Rapids, was dedicated with imposing oere
monieson the 30th ult. in the presence of
7,500 persons, mostly veteran soldiers and
members of the G. A. R. from all parts of
the State. Governor Alger delivered the
dedicatory address. The building is 255 by
136 feet, three stories, and has accommoda
tions for 500 inmates.
At Columbus, O., on the 30th ult. the
special grand jury returned true bills
against Algernon Granville, R. B. Mont
gomery, - Otto Horn, B. H. Marriott
and C. R. Montgomery for being concerned
in the tally-sheet forgeries of the Thirteenth
ward of that city. Indictments were also
returned against John Francis and "Doc"
Campbell, the two convicts who have
gained such notoriety in connection with
the prosecution of the search for the guilty
parties. The indicted men were bound
over to the Common Pleas Court.
Prince Nikita, of Montenegro, has called
out 35,000 troops armed with repeating
An attempt to blow up one of the churches
in Lyons, France, with dynamite was made
on the 28th. A bombshell was placed under
the church porch and the igniting fuse was
lighted. It was noticed by a policeman who
was bold enough to seize the bomb and put
out the fuse beloro Manre cotricrrwanh th
Mr. Gladstone has written for the Janu
ary number of the Nineteenth Century an
article entitled, "Locksley Hall and the
Jubilee." The article is a criticism of the
poem by the light of events of the past-
The ship Jontsen, from Rotterdam for
America, in ballast, was wrecked off Dover,
England, a few days ago. Ten of the crew
of thirteen men were rescued after an ex
The Canadian Pacific railway has been
notified by the British Government that
twelve eighty-ton guns for the defense of
Victoria, B. C, are now being constructed
at the Woolwich arsenal, and that they will
be ready for shipment and transportation
over the road in April next. It is also said
that large consignments of war material
will arrive in the same ship which brings
me steamer bi. jonn took nre just out
side the harbor of St. John, N. B., on the
night of the 29th nib The fire spread
rapidly that when the vessel was beached
the pilot house, where the captain stood at
the wheel, was inflames. A searching party
the next morning found the crew, of twenty
men huddled together in the snow on the
rocks of Black Point. Their clothes were
frozen to their bodies and they were suffer
ing terribly. They were taken to St. John
on sledges. It was found that five were so
badly burned, including Captain rurdy, the
commander, that they can not live.
Mr. Gladstone celebrated his seventy-
seventh birthday on the 29th ult. by attend
ing early service in the chapel at Hawarden
and spending the remainder of the day
home. He received an immense number
birthday congratulations by telegraph and
post, and was also the recipient of many
presents, some oi which were or. Deaacsui
design and great value.
Madagascar has concluded arrangements
for obtaining a loan of $3,000,000 for twenty-
five years at six per cent, per annum from
the Comptoir Escompte. of fans, guaran
teeing therefor the customs revenue of six
of the Madagascar ports.
The disappearance of the snow which fell
in the recent storm throughout Germany
has revealed an appalling loss of life. Many
travelers were overtaken by the storm.
Fifty bodies have been found in Saxony,
thirty in Thuringia and forty in Southern
Germany. It is estimated that the total loss
of life will be nearly two hundred.
At a fire which destroyed a large block
buildings in Lisbon, Portugal, on the 30th
ult., five persons were killed and a number
of firemen injured.
The business portion of Knightsville,
Ind., a Vandalia station, was destroyed
fire. Loss about $20,000.
Fkedekick Spaeth, of Newark, N. J., shot
and killed his wife, and afterward danger
ously wounded himself.
OvEBrNDULGENcE iftjuink was the cause
of four homicides tuNew York City
New Year's Day.
John C. Mann, of Minneapolis, Saturday
night completed the task of eating thirty
quails in thirty days at the rate of a quail
Tas citizens of Benton County, Ind.,
enjoying the excitement of wolf "hunts,"
seven of the animals being killed in
afternoon on the McRea Reservation.
A construction and a freight train
the Southern Pacific railroad collided in
deep cut, near Devil's River, Tex. Four
men were burned to death in the wreck.
Ovbb $1,800 has been subscribed
Greenfield, Ind., for drilling for natural
gas. The enterprise is assured.
Ruth Scott, aged twenty, suicided
taking arsenic at her home near Pana,
Betrayed and deserted. Abner Haines
been arrested for complicity.
Thomas Stevens, who has been travel
ing around the world on a bicycle, has
rived m San Francisco.
As a result of Francis Murphy's four
teen nights of temperance work in Cincin
nati, 4,500 persons have signed the pledge.
J. E. Miller, of the Price Hill Gun Club,
Cincinnati, broke 158 clay birds "straight.'
This is the best record in this country,
not in the world.
The Marquis of Londonderry, Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland, offers to sell
Irish estate to the tenants. The terms
the sale are not mentioned. Lord Temple
more has offered to sell his estate in Done
gal at twenty years' purchase on a basis
of the present rental.
The shipping statistics of the port
Liverpool for 1886 show a decrease of 100.
000 tons. The coastwise trade shows
increase, the falling off being in the
OFFICER MICHAEL U BRIEN, Who
wounded in the leg by a fragment of
bomb at the Anarchist riot at Chicago,
last May, has suffered a relapse, and
friends fear blood-poisoning.
The guests of Callahan's Laclede Hotel,
Chicago, were driven from the building
fire Saturday afternoon, losing all their
personal effects, and many barely escaping
with their lives.
A snow-shoe expedition, under the lead
ership of Lieutenant Schwatka, of Arctic
fame, has been organized for the mid
winter exploration of Yellewstone Park.
John Fakis, white, who killed John
Breckinridge, colored, near Shawhan, Ky.
for which he was sentenced to nine years
ta penitentiary in October last,
been pBrdonea Dy Governor Knott
REPEALED AT LAST.
The Tenure-Office Act, One of the Remains
of Republican Abuses, Stricken
from the Statute Books.
The passage by the Senate of tho bill
repealing the Tenure-of-Office act
terminates a usurpation by that body
which has extended . over a period of
nearly twenty years. Under that law
the power of removal was taken from
the President and lodged in the Senate,
and though the act has not been at all
times enforced it has served at inter
vals as a refuge for the feudal lords of
the Senate when they saw fit to set
themselves up as a superior to the
This act was passed in 1867 by &
Congress containing a Eepublican ma
jority of more than two-thirds and was
designed to keep in office the Repub
licans of whom Andrew Johnson
sought to rid himself. Johnson s
break with his party, which had hardly
yet become warm in the offices, ' pre
cipitated a factional quarrel of unex
ampled bitterness. His policy was not
the policy of the great party chiefs who
not long before had doubted the wis
dom of re-electing Lincoln, lest he, too,
might develop ideas not in harmony
with those of the more extreme
members of his party, and to pre
vent his carrying it out all the en
ergies of the organization were direct
ed. The possession of the offices being
as important a matter in the estima
tion of the various leaders as any other,
they passed the Tenure-of-Office act in
1867, for the purpose of depriving the
President of the power of making
changes in offices without the consent
of the Senate. As it stood originally
this act practically took from the Pres
ident his constitutional powers and
lodged them in the Senate. Without
its consent he could not even remove
an official who was incompetent, cor
rupt or neglectful. Except by its per
mission he could not change his own
Cabinet. It w.a lutcuded-.io elinuRh
an executive officer who could not oth
erwise be controlled. If he would not
obey the wishes of the party which had
elected him that party, having abso
lute control of both branches of Con
gress, would deprive him of the ability
to execute the office which had been
conferred upon him. Mr. Johnson
vetoed the act, but it became a law by
the two-thirds vote of a partisan Con
gress, and thus the usurpation began,
for the violation of this law Mr.
Johnson was impeached, and in its
support a great party, mindful only of
partisan advantage and the spoils of
office, fixed in American history a page
as dark as any that is to be found there.
But for the removal by Mr. Johnson of
Secretary of War Stanton and the ap
pointment of General Lorenzo Thomas
as Secretary ad interim it is not likely
that the impeachment proceedings
would have been undertaken. Every
thing else depended upon the mainte
nance of these charges, and as they
failed all else failed. The fury
of party-might be depended npon
to pass laws overriding the con
stitution and degrading the Pres
idential office to the level of
Senatorial appendage, but when it was
proposed as a penalty for the violation
of such laws to depose the President
and put in his place a chieftain who
could have no legal right to the place
there was a revolt on the part of several
Senators of conscience and ability, and
the country was spared the crowning
infamy of witnessing the desposition of
a Chief Magistrate whose principal
offense had been the observance of his
oath to support the constitution and
transmit his office unimpaired to his
- Immediately on the inauguration of
General Grant the party necessity of
Tenure-of-Office act disappeared. Both
.houses of Congress were Republican
as was the .Executive department, and
one of the first acts of the House of
representatives was to pass a bill re
pealing the laws which had been passed
;for the purpose of shackling Johnson.
But the Senate, having tasted blood,
was not prepared thus early to relin
quish the power which it had usurped,
It failed to act on the House bill. In
his first message President Grant, who
in Johnson's day had supported the
iTenure-of-Oflice bill, attacked it in un-
(measured terms, saying that "it was
incompatible with a faithful and effi
cient administration of the Govern
ment. Jater on the House once
again passed a bill repealing the act.
this time voting more than six to one
in favor of its annulment. The Senate
again refused to concur. It had gained
the upper hand of the President, and it
was not willing to retreat from its posi
tion. Forty years before this Web
ster, Clay and Calhoun had fought
the same battle with Andrew
Jackson and had failed. The
advantage gained as against Johnson
was not to be abandoned without
struggle. The law might be permitted
to fall into abeyance during the ad
ministration of a friendly.Presiderit,
but it was argued that it should stand
and be revived as occasion , might war
rant. Under it Senators were made
the dictators of Federal patronage
The President was helpless, unless he
could make sure of their support. Gen
eral Grant had a way of dealing with
men which soon convinced some mem
bers of the Senate that it would be
more profitable to them to fall in with
him than to undertake to fight him
and, after some caucusing, the Senate,
in 1869, passed a bill so amending the
Tenure-of-Office act as to repeal the
section against which most complaint
had been made. As amended, the law
permitted the President to suspend
Federal office-holders during the recess
of Congress, and to name successors,
who were to be commissioned until
the end of the next session of Con
gress, when, if they were not con
lamed, the nomination was to fall.
The clause which had been repealed
provided that, in tins event, the old of
ficer should immediately return to his
post, but with that stricken out noth
ing remained for the President to du
under such circumstances, but to name
another man. Thus the law became
practically inoperative, thongh its re
tention uKn tho statute books has
been rightfully regarded by all Frcsi
; tents since Johnson a n imperti
The repeal of the law by the Senate
will be followed, as a matter of course.
by similar action on the part of the
House, and the Congressional usurpa
tion which began in a spoils fight will
end at a time when, under the adminis
tration of another party, a successful
effort to make the civil service some
thing more than a party machine is in
progress. It will doubtless be urged in
certain quarters that the willingness of
some Republicans to support the re
peal grows out of a hope that in two
years they will control the White
House, and it may then be handy to
have the President unfettered in the
matter of office-giving. When Mr.
Lincoln was inaugurated it took him
about sixty days to clean out every
Democratic office-holder in the coun
try. This great achievement could. not
be repeated with the Tenure-of-Office
act on the books. But fairer men will
give the Republicans who supported
the repv at ' of a vicious ' law the
credit for- doing so on conviction,
without reference to the party con
sequences. The action taken is one
over which all good citizens may
congratulate themselves, as it is a step
backward toward that system of con
stitutional government which was sad
ly disarranged in the days of war and
passion. Chicago Herald.
Secretary Whitney's Reforms la the Navy
Department How the People a Money
Was Squandered Daring: Former Administration.
One more step in the reorganization
of the navy administration upon busi
ness principles has just been taken.
The yard at Boston has been changed
to an equipment yard, and placed in
charge of Commodore Schley, Chief of
the Bureau of Equipment and Recruit-
ins:. Under this same new policy of
devoting the yards as far as practicable
to specialties, the Washington yard had
previously been turned over to .the. JBu-
reau of Ordnance, and this will be the
great and only factory for finishing
naval guns. A third project is that of
making some yard a general snpply
depot for the navy, the one at Brooklyn
being perhaps the most likely to be
chosen for this purpose. It is further
probable that this or some other yard
will be designated as the chief center
of construction and repair.
Besides this assignment of yards to
special bureaus, we hnd a second sys
tem of reorganization going on in the
concentration of authority, responsibil
ity, and duties hitherto scattered among
all the bureaus into a single bureau.
This is illustrated by the reorganization
of the Bureau of Provisions and Cloth
ing, under a new Paymaster-General,
making it practically a Bureau of Ac
counts and Supplies, though it has not
yet received that name. Another ex
ample was to have been furnished in
the reorganization of the Bureau r of
Construction and Repair; but the secre
tary, after long delaying the reappoint
ment of Mr. Wilson as Cheif Con
structor, with this view, decided re
cently that under the existing law be
did not possess the needed power, and
accordingly awaits action on the Naval
Reorganization bill now under discus
sion in the House.
The fundamental importance of the
reforms thus initiated . by Secretary
Whitney is very clearly; indicated .in
these words from the recent annual rer
port of Admiral Porter: :
- " I think the opinion is general throughout
the service that, until the department is reor
ganized, we can have no system, maintain no
proper discipline, and build' no effeotive ships,
but that a reorganization of the department
will bring order out of chaos, and the navy will
run along as smoothly as it did previous to
1843, when the Board of Navy Commissioners
were the advisers of the Secretary of the Navy
and had administrative and executive author
ity." ' ; . . -. .
. Under the system in vogue before
the beginning of. the present reform,
there were in each i of the;- navy yards
separate establishments for six or seven
bureaus. As a consequence, the work
was duplicated. Each organization
had its own shops, storehouses and
gangs of laborers, besides its clerical
force, when much of the work was
practically of a sort common to most
of the bureaus. Secretary .Whitney,
on looking over his department, was
astonished to find six bureaus in the
same yard, separately buying little lots
of stationery, instead of having the
purchases made in common for all the
bureaus in each yard, and, in fact, for
all the yards, by a general contract,
with subsequent distribution on requi
sitions. He found that seven bureaus
bought coal in one hundred and sixty-
six separate open purchases, instead of
by contract in large lots. He found
three bureaus buying oil for the differ
ent parts of the same ship. These are
ordinary examples of the want of system,
Not less remarkable was the waste of
supplies after they had been purchased.
This resulted largely from the fact that
many sorts of work were done at each
yard, and that whenever a yard was
temporarily closed the material was
asually: left to take care of itself, often
deteriorating, while perhaps in another
yard kept in operation exactly similar
material was purchased. Some of the
illustrations of this fact given by Mr.
vv hitney are extraordinary:
"At the eight navy yards there have accumu
lated altogether of augers and bits 56,566, of
which 23,274 have been lying for several years
at closed yards, where no work has been or is
likely to be done; SD.&iH gross screws are on
hand, 10,896 gross lying at closed yards. There
are 146,383 files in stock, 42.142 of them lying at
closed yards. Tnere are 11,813 paint brushes i n
stock, 2,346 of these in the stores at closed
yards. All of these tools are serviceable, most
ly new. Of most of these articles some bureaus
have recently made considerable purchases.
and are even doing so at the present time, while
to the credit of other bureaus there are very
large amounts in store. There are found to be
over 12,'MO tons of cast and wrought iron lying
in scrap about the yards, 759,003 pounds of com
position and brass, 159,000 pounds of old copper
and 193,000 pounds of old lead."
" The difference to be looked for under
the new order of things may be illus
trated by the Boston yard. All the ma
terial at that point not of use for the
Bureau of Equipment will be collected
and sent to the yards where it belongs.
All the equipment materials in the
otner yards will be collected and sent
to Boston. With such a sys'em pre
vailing everywhere, we are not likely
to find another report like tht of Cap
tain Meade's Inventory Board, that ma
terial to the amount of three or four
millions is scattered about, fast deteri
orating or already obsolete and useless.
if. Y. Snik
Some of the Principal Tricks Practiced by
Card-sharping is the easiest thing
going. It only requires a good pres
ence, though even that can be dis
pensed with a quick eye, a certain
amount of coolness and practice.
There are several ways. The principal
things are, no matter what the game
may be, to "ready" the pack, and to
avoid or neutralize the cut. Take
ecarte. The object to be attained is to
get the eighth, ninth, tenth and elev
enth cards from the top to be of the
same suit. The readying" always oc
curs after the first hand and out of the
eleven cards which lie with their faces
uppermost on the table, it is not diffi
cult to spot four good cards and place
them on the top of the pack. In the
course of the shuffle seven more cards
are placed on the top of these.
The next thing is to avoid or
neutralize the cut, which is not
so difficult as may appear when
accompanied by pleasant "patter.
which is necessary to all tricks. The
pack is now "readied," and when dealt
it will be found that the tenth, ninth
and eighth cards, which are in the
dealer's hand, are of the Bame suit as
the eleventh card, which he turns up as
The means of neutralizing the cut,
when it can not be avoided, are called
the "bridge" and "pass." When the
pack is "readied," and the sharp sees
he can not avoid the cut, he takes some
fifteen cards from the bottom of the
pack, which he holds in his hand. These
fifteen cards he bends slightly length
ways, so as to form a slight curve and
throws them carelessly on the pack.
The odds are about one hundred to one
that his adversary will cut the fifteen
bent cards and leave the "readied"
pack in its original position. The trick
is sometimes performed backwards, as
if the sharp were cutting himself, by
nirfalfa Htpr fill 11 " g
The "pass" is not so easy, and is per
formed by eleight-of-hand. When the
cards are "readied," the pack is pre
sented to be .cut. .When this is done
two portions are on the table, and it is
for the sharp who is dealing to readjust
them into one pack. This he does in
the following, "way: - He takes up. the
"readied'? cards in his right hand and
passes them to his left hand. He then
takes up the remaining cards with his
.right hand, apparently as if to place
them on top of the "readied cards.
Instead of doing so, however, he, by a
sleight-of-hand which is performed with
the tip of the little finger of his left
hand, and a quick movement of the
other fingers, which could not be ex
plained in print, manages to reverse
the two portions, ' thus leaving the
"readied" cards in their original posi
tion on the top, as they were before
the pack was cut. -
Another ;"way of sharpening is very
popular in baccarat, and is called the
"slip" or "second pulling." This is
performed with marked cards, or what
are called "readers. The most im
portant cards namely, the eights.
nines, tens and court cards are mark
ed in a way that no one but the peo
ple "in the know" could possibly dis
cover. A great deal of skill is neces
sary in dealing, so that the grec can
deal himself, if required, the "second
pullers" or marked cards from even
the second, third or fourth cards down,
while all the time appearing to help
himself honestly from the - top. These
marked cards or "readers" are made
and sold largely in America by circu
lar, and a single pack costs as much as
a "fiver." Recently a well-known club
man received a circular from one of
these scoundrelly firms, in which they
offered him a large commission on all
orders which he obtained.
One of the best recognized, but most
risky modes of sharping at cards, is
what is called "the drunken mug.
The best way of explaining it will be
to give an example which occurred i
few.years ago at a well-known water
Ing-place. The "mug" was induced to
play in his own rooms with three
sharps, who had singled him out for
slaughter. The game was not for ready
money, and the "mug" was made
drunk by dropping salt in his liquor.
The next morning one of the sharpers
called on him and proffered him (00,
which he professed to have lost over
nierht to the "muff." The "inns;" not
suspecting or remembering any thing,
took the money, and thought the sharp
a very decent fellow. Not very long
after, however, the two other sharps
called upon him and presented winning
accounts for $500. The "mug" saw
the-game immediately, and was on the
point of refusing to pay, when he re
membered that he had incautiously ac
cepted the other man's 60, and had
put himself ont of court. The sharps
knew with whom they were dealing,
and had risked the $60 to catch the
$500. The "mug," to avoid further
trouble, wrote a check for $500, but
found out afterward that the men were
well known as flash sharpers. Town
At the Powder Magazine.
Sentry Throw away that cigar.
Stranger But it isn't even lit.
"That makes no difference, throw
"All right, but is it really so danger
ous to smoke in this vicinity?.
"Dangerous to smoke! Whv, it ain't
even safe to take a pinch of snuff."
A patent has been obtained bya
gentleman of San Franeisco for what
claimed to be a fire and collision-proof
railway car. It is made wholly of iron
and steel, and the weight will range
from sixteen to twenty tons for
ordinary passenger coaches and from
twenty-two to twenty-five tons for
sleepers. The floor is a single sheet of
metal, and the roof also a single sheet.
The beams are of rolled steel. San
Near Minneapolis recently a large
eagle, measuring nearly ten feet from
tip to tip, attacked two surveyors, Prof,
W. F. Can- and Samuel Chute, severely
wounding the former, and making
desperate effort to bear him away.
Aid arrived, and the bird was captured.
His talons are over four ini-hus in
ifiusrth. Chicago Intttr-Ocean.
A PERPLEXING ART.
The Variety of Hands Encountered by a
Professor of Palmistry.
The latest society craze is palmistry
reading a person's character and fate
In the lines of the hand. The lines of
the four-in-hand have their significance,
also, as a man discovers, when ho han
dles them for the first time.
Palmistry was all the rage in Paris
two or three years ago, and it has only
recently struck New Tork", just as the
Paris fashions get here after they
have ceased to be the mode in the French
The soirees of our ultra-fashionables
will be enlivened by hand-reading this
winter. A very distinguished professor
has recently arrived from the other side,
and his services are already in great
demand among le bonton. Aristocratic
ladies hold out their beautiful hands to
have the lines traced, and he congratu
lates himself that his lines have fallen
in pleasant places. Beaux will grow
jealous of him, ' and study 'palmistry
themselves, so that his services may be
Complications will arise, there Is no
doubt of it. A young man will say to
a young lady: "Give me your hand,
please." She will blush, hang her
head and whisper: "Ask pa," Then he
will be compelled to marry her or stand
a trial for breach of promise. Or she
may cry, indignantly: "How dare, you!
You know I am engaged to another.
He can get out of it by saying: "Par
don, Miss, I asked for your nana to
study the lines of life,
Professors of palmistry are turning
up everywhere, some oi tnem are
turning up trumps, others turn up miss
ing when the hall receipts are small,
and they are compelled to jump their
It is curious the variety of hands
there are, when you think of it. There
is the "big hand" that a gambler deals
a victim whom he intends to fleece; the
little hand, andtbe lHtleehind
so often remarked among clerks in the
morning; the "full" hand, who wants
the other hands to knock off and get
drunk, too; a raw hand, that must be
handled tenderly; a railroad hand.
whose lines are trunk lines when' he is
the baggage department, a second
hand', or a second-hand watch; "hands
around" at a ball, and the Dutch waiter
in a saloon who Hans around the beer;
Will Carleton, who writes a good farm
hand; a deck hand, which an expert
dealer picks out of the deck himself,
etc. Then there is the dock hand, em
ployed by the "doc" who cures by the
laying on of hands; made by hand, for
service; and the handmaid, who goes
out to service; the hand grenade, for
blowing people np, and the hand-organ
that is blown np; the give-us-your-
hand" nuisance, who deserves a hand
When it comes to palmistry you will
find us "on hand" as much as though
we were brought np by it Texas
THE SLAVISH PRESS.
Mr. Seacock Plays Critic, and in Return
is Criticized Himself.
"Matilda," said Mr. Seaeook,' as he
laid the evening paper aside in disgust,
"there isn't a newspaper in the United
States fit to read. What we need is an
aggressive paper; something lively and
fearless, that will expose tho follies
and foibles of mankind without fear of
"Don't you find anything in that line
in the paper?
"Nothing but a lot of slush, my dear.
According to this paper, all men are
popular and efficient, and all ladies
charming: and beautiful. It makes me
"What do yon want to see?"
"Why, I want to see the truth about
things; here it says of Jim btandon,
one of the greatest soaks in the town,
that 'the Hon. James Standoff, a gen
tlemanly and courteous business man
has accepted a position as salesman for
Nogood & Co.' Now, the fact is, Ma
tilda, that he has been looking for that
job for a year, and he didn't 'accept' it
it was given to him to keep him out
of the work-house."
"I think I saw a paragraph in that
paper, John, which will suit you."
Savins; this, Mrs. Seaeook took the
paper and read aloud:
"That gray-haired reprobate, John
Seaeook, was found last evening again
in a beastly state of intoxication, and
carrieckfto his home on a door."
Mr. Seaeook gasped once or twice,
and then he seized a club and romarked
that when journalists became personal
and aggressive it was time for good cit
izens to revolt Then he Jef t. St.Louis
m m m
A DRY RIVER.
Why an Artist Turned Perfectly Green with
Wrath and Horror.
An eminent French art collector once
bought in Paris a landscape by a noted
impressionist" which he Bhowed, with
much pride in his purchase, to an, artist
"But I think," quoth he, "that the
picture lacks animation it wants per
sonages. Now if yon would paint for
me a man or woman on that road that
runs through the middle of the land
scape, it would greatly improve the
"That is easily done,"said the artist,
so he carried off the painting, and sent
it back in a week or two with a figure
of an old peasant woman going to
market with her basket and her red
umbrella introduced on the road in
question, to the great satisfaction of the
picture's proprietor. Meeting shortly
after with the "impressionist" who had
painted it, the artist remarked: "I had
the audacity to alter a landscape of
yours belonging to M. X. the other day.
I painted an old peasant woman walk
ing down the road."
"Down the road? I remember no
work of mine with a road in it. I
should like to see the picture and judge
of the effect of your alteration."
So the artist carried him off to M.
X's, and they speedily stood before the
landscape. The "impressionist" turn
ed perfectly green with wrath and hor
ror. "Miserable man! he shouted, "what
have you done? That is not a road that
runs through the centre of my work; it
U a liverl" Our Truth
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL.
haxidlThe Uinois -Wesleyan University,
About $100,000 worth of improve
ments will be made on school buildings
in Washington, D. C. -.
The Orphan Girls Industrial School
at Wheelock, Ind.T., contains fifty-nine
bright Indian girls. Twenty of them
are church members.
The. Evangelical Lutheran General
Council has taken measures toward
adopting the American Board of Mis
skins plan of raising funds for and car
rying on missionary work. J. X. Irtt-
-India has thirty-six missionary so
cieties of all Christian denominations.
There are 791 missionaries and 630 or
dained native ministers. Converts,
449,755. Again, since 1881, of 133 mis
sionaries and 2,383 native Christians.
-President EwelL of the College of
William and Mary, claims that the
earliest chair of law at any American
seat of learning was established at his
college in 1779, thirty-six years before
that of Harvard. Baltimore American.
Mr. George Williams, of London,
the originator of the Y. M. C Associa
tions of the world, suggests that each
of the three thousand should have con
nected with it a foreign missionary
society, to become a center of organ
ized systematic effort, having for lta
motto, "The World for Christ,"
A Buddhist temple near Osaka,
Japan, has been opened several times
to the missionaries, with the priest him
self in the audience, for Christian ser
vices, lhe son of a bbinto priest, la
the same society, applies for baptism.
There is a growing feeling among them
that Buddhism is doomed. r
Rev. Dr. Leonard Woolsey Bacon,
who was not admitted to the Presbytery
of Philadelphia, has been called to tho
pastorate of the Independent Presby
terian . Church of Savannah, Ga. This
is one of . the largest and strongest
churches in the South. Chicago Jour-?
at Bloomlngton; has a department oc
non-residents, matriculants in which .
follow prescribed courses of study, np
on which examinations are set, and re
ceive proper degree on completion of
their work. The Department is model"
d after the operations of the London
University, and like it, offers oppor
tunity for doing systematic study to
professional and other people, who are
iebarred from residence at the seat of
University. Chicago Tribune.
The order abolishing salaried choirs
and prohibiting Protestants from sing-
ing in choirs of all " the Catholio
churches of this diocese, emanated en
tirely from the Bishop. It is believed
that he was led to issne the order be
cause of the practice in some churches
of using opera airs. This, it is thought,
distracts the minds of the congrega
tion from divine worship by reoalling
the scenes of the theater.: The lack of
reverence on the part of Protestant
singers during the service is also
thought to have had its influence.
Detroit Tribune. i
The advantage of small gifts from
a large number of persons was aptly
illustrated not long since by two Swed
ish churches that gave forty dollars to
ward paying for a house of worship for
a Swedish Missionary Chureh in Minne
sota. The contributions were from
two thousand persons. Only six coins
in the collection boxes equaled twenty-,
five cents in value, and over one thou
sand five hundred pieces were pennies.
An American congregation, appealed
to for the same object, gave one hun
dred and ten, but it all came from
eighteen persons. Who can doubt
which is the true principle for church
benevolence? Chicago Interior.
WIT AND WISDOM.
Where there are no furrows of
thought, how can there be any harvest
of noble deeds? Chicago Standard.
Brown to Jones I say, lend me a
dollar until to-morrow; you see, 1
changed my vest this morning. Jones
I'm sorry, but I've just invested my
change. Judge. . ---. -
"Doctor," said the friend, stop
ping him on the street, "what do you
take for a heavy cold?" "A fee," re
plied the doctor softly, and so passed
Some one asked Josh Billings,"
why he didn't write a serious lecture.
"Ah," replied Josh, with a wise shake
of the head, "the public won't allow a
man to stand on his feet for their enter,
tainment after he has once stood on hit
head." Texas Siftings.
"See here, my friend," said the
bartender to a man who for several
minutes had been very much engrossed
at the free-lunch table: "ain't you going
to buy any beer?" "No, sir," replied
the busy man:-"I was reading last night
that beer tends to take away the app.
tite." JV. T. Sun. '
"I understand, sir, that you are f
connoisseur in diamonds." "Yes, sir.
"What kind would you select nowas
days?" "Well, I'd have the infieU
clear of grass, but outside of the base!
I think I'd have a fine lawn. I've laid
out lots of ball grounds." Albany
"Say, mi&ter," said a farmer to as
art dealer, "what's the price of that
J picture? I've got a place in mysittin'-
' ... ..... .. .,
room mac wants just mux, picture.
"That's one of Ruben's, I can sell it ta
you for $4,000." "Say, mister, pictures
have riz, haven't they? I got that size
picture last winter for forty cents."
A little friend of ours was recently
taken to a barber's shop to have his hail
cut for the first time. As the barbel
cut and clipped, the little fellow seem
ed to become considerably alarmed, fox
he suddenly said, in anxious tones, -"You'll
leave enough to grow, won'l
jou, mister?'-' Harper's Bazar.
An Irishman employed by a firm
under the hill recently went to a glaz
ing shop for some glass, when the fol
lowing colloquy took place: Visitor
Mr. Painchavid, I am after fixing the
windys on the top of Mr. B s shop,
and I want twinty lights of 14x10 glass.
Mr. P. I haven't any 14x10, but have
plenty of 10x14. Visitor (after medi
tating deeply awhile and then looking
up with a satisfied expression) Be ja
bers, I will take the 10x14. I can turn
it aronnd, and, faith, they wont know
the difforenee. V. T. Indvwidtnt,