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The Labor Advocate
c4 P,4P FOP iLL WHO TOLL" Official Organ of the Building Trades Council of Cincinnati and Vicinity INDEPENDENT NON-PARTISAN 'I CO q: uj II ' Vol. III. No. IS CINCINNATI, OHIO, AUGUST 21, 1915 One Dollar a Year i ' 8 it h ClL 7uo Workmen are Fighting To Hold Advantage Gained , Through Compensation Law . c Statute in Favor of Labor Endangered by Recent Ruling of State Insurance Superintendent Secretary Don nelly Points Out Advantages of Law Over Old Form of Liability Company Policies. (By Tlios. J. Donnelly, Scc-Trcas. O. S. F. of L.) Workmen's compensation insurance in America is one of the new features in the insurance field, While workmen's compensation laws have hecn in opera tion in Europe for some years, they are very dissimilar in their methods of placing the cost, in those of collection, distribution and guaranteeing of pay ment to the injured workers or the dc pendentsi of those killed in industry. These differences are to some extent the result of racial temperaments, me thods of production, social and eco nomic conditions. In America the workmen's compensa tion legislation likewise displays a dif ference in collection, distribution, etc. This difference in America, however, is largely the result of judicial inter pretations of State constitutions and the activities of the liability and other in surance interests who, finding that or ganized labor had won its battle for the recognition of the new principle of workmen's compensation, exerted every effort to prevent State control, and ad mitting that they knew nothing about making rates for writing workmen's compensation, yet insisted on the laws Jurned'ovcr to them to extract aprofif therefrom. Organized Labor has opposed the old method of employers' liability and ad vocated the new idea of workmen's compensation insurance, compulsory up on the employer, the creation of a State insurance fund, collected, administered and disbursed by the State, because La bor was seeking some degree of social justice for the injured workers and the lependents of those killed while pro- duciiig wealth for a daily wage The old method brought into existence the business of liability insurance, involving lawsuits, etc., and which resulted in thousands of injured workers being thrown upon the charity of society, anil the dependents of these and those killed while employed, forced to endure the hardships of poverty because of the loss or impairment of their natural and logi cal bread winners. Some Large Verdicts. True, some large verdicts were had from time to time in the courts, but for every verdict for damages secured by a worker, thousands lost their cases be cause of the assumed risk, fellow-servant and contributory negligence de fenses of the employers anil liability in surance companies. Then again, Labor realized the privation endured by the injured worker and his family while the weary months dragged by, pending a hearing of his case, with its too fre (tient appeal to a higher court, only if won, to be compelled to give at least one-third to his attorney, who had taken his case for a contingent fee. Organ ized Labor demanded that a system be enacted into law tending to abolish law suits and providing for an equitable method of payment for injuries and death of workers, eliminating all chance, and guaranteeing such payments in all cases. Labor said that the industry should bear the cost of production (including; in this industrial ncci- PAIXTNItS K.l KTUIKH. Chicago. The painters have accepted the agreement made between their rep resentatives and employers, and the four mouths' strike is at an end. The con tract runs for three years and includes the union shop, wage increases and pro visions for settling future disputes through arbitration. STATK I'XIOXISTS TO MKI Omaha, Xeb. Officers of the State Federation of Labor have issued a call for the eighth annual convention of that organization to be held in this city, be ginning Tuesday, September 1 1. dents), niiil thnt this cost could be best determined by eliminating the clement of profit, milking the euro of workmen's compensation a Slate function mid an absolute State mon opoly. This, the insurance interests have combated by every means known to rich and powerful corporations. Where Labor has been strong, as in Ohio, it has met with success in the enactment of laws making workmen's compensa tion a state function anil state mon opoly. In States where the insurance interests were successful, the State sim ply calls for workmen's compensation and turns the employers and employes over to the tender mercies of the insur ance companies. In other words, the State says to its citizens, "you must," and then turns them over to private en terprise to extract profit. Kiiiict Compromise Laws. In other States, where Labor has been stronger, compromise propositions have been enacted, cither providing for seg regation of funds or the optional plan of compulsory workmen's compensation that is, the employer may carry his own insurance and nay his emnlovcs di rect, or he jiiay insure with the State orie"iiU"ltraifce'3nipaiiIesT'i'lic"'se(rc- gation ot tuncls, by winch the monies received from the different classes of industries are kept in separate funds has a weakening effect upon the solv ency of the State funds, while insur ance companies are not compelled to adopt this method, placing the State at a disadvantage in the making of rates. In those States having the optional fea ture, the insurance companies adroitly J,i"c1uile the right of employers to carry their own compensation or insure with the companies or the State. The number of eniployers financially able to take care of these risks is al ways small in proportion to the number coining under the terms of the law, but this sop is thrown out to enlist the sup port of the employers for the whole plan and give plausibility to the insur ance companies' arguments. Such laws place the stale at a disadvantage he 1 muse nf the nnfnir conditions hnnnsed I upon the State in competing with the I insurance companies, This fact must always be remember- ed: The insurance companies, by participating in (lie business, can lake what pail of it will nrove profit able to tliem, leaving; the State to carry the more hazardous indus tries. This system eventually raises rates and enables the insurance com panies to put out their well-known argu ments against the State conducting an insurance business. When this conten tion is won, these companies then have both the" employer and employe at their mercy, charging what rates they please and escaping the payment of claims for compensation wherever possible. A compulsory compensation law witli the State absolutely eliminated in the writing t insurance is the ideal of liability insurance compa nies. The first .step to this end is competition with the State. This privilege is worth millions of dol lars to them, and no doubt is highly appreciated wherever received, LABOU LAW KOUCKS CIIAXCiK. Hec Mimier. lnw:i Tin new child la bor law, which took effect last month, is forcing laundries in tins state to cnan'c their working systems because of a pro vision that no girl under 21 years of age shall be employed at any occupation where she will be required to stand on her feet continuously. FKiliriXtJ Till- W1IITK PLAGUIO. Madison, Wis. Both branches of the State legislature have approved a bill providing State aid of .$100,000 the first year and $12.j,()0() each year thereafter for county tuberculosis sanitoria and di recting that each institution admit cases of incipient tuberculosis. March Line Decided for Labor Day The line of march for the Labor Day parade as decided upon by the executive boards of the Building Trades Council and the Central Labor Council was an nounced Tuesday night at a meeting of the Central Labor Council in Teamsters' Hall. The procession will start at 9:80 o'clock in the morning at Findlay and Race streets. It will go south on Race street to Twelfth street; east on Twelfth street to Main street ; south on Main street to Fifth street; west on Fifth street to Walnut street; south on Wal nut street to Fourth street; west on Fourth street to Plum street; north on Plum street to Ninth street; east on Ninth street to Walnut street ; north on Walnut street to Court street, where it will be reviewed by the Grand Marshal and his staff, and then will disband. More than 25,000 marchers and 24 bands will be in line. A meeting of the general committees of all the local un ions that arc going to participate in the parade will be held at 10 o'clock Sunday morning at Teamsters' 1 1 nil to select the Grand Marshal and his aids. Joseph Meyung, Business Agent of the Barbers' Union, was selected as delegate to rep-esent the Central Labor Council at the Ohio State Federation of Labor Convention at Mansfield October 11. It was announced that memorial services in commemoration of the death of Jo seph Hebcrle, a teamster and father of the free school books idea in the schools of Ohio, would be held Sunday evening, September 12, at Teamsters' Hall, Heb crle died September 12, 1007. Machinists to Demand 8 -Hour Day Washington. Cincinnati will be a center next week of the greatest war for the cight-hour-day ever waged by organized labor. While officers of the International As sociation of Machinists, in conference here, gave out statements tending to keep down public alarm, those in close touch with the situation said that noth ing is more certain than that there will be in the near future a general strike of the machinists of the United States un less employers grant the demand for the cight-hour-day. Local organizations of machinists probably will begin presenting their de mands "to employers next week. The crisis in the situation will come Monday when the officials of the metal trades de partment of the American Federation of Labor will meet in Washington. These officials, representing 1100,000 dues-paying members, will certainly it is predicted, vote to sustain the machin ists in any action they may take. This will include the payment of strike assessments in case of a general walk out of the machinists. TO SEARCH DELEGATES FOR UNION LABEL Delegates to the local Central Labor Council will be subject to investigation of the Union Label Committee hereafter. This decision was reached at a meeting of the council in Teamsters' Hall after a heated discussion in which it was brought out that Cincinnati unionists do not ad here to the policy of strict unionism. William Front, Harry Schreiber and Ely Polack were appointed a Union Label Committee following unanimous adoption of a motion to the effect that it will be the duty of the committeemen to search the clothing of any delegate for the union label. In the event a dele gate is found not wearing a union-made garment he will be made the victim of ridicule in open council. Whether or not a different committee will be appointed to investigate the garb of the women delegates was not deter mined. LOXCJSHOKKMKX KAISK WAtiKS. San Pedro, Cal. Members of the Longshoremen's Union have secured a wage increase as the result of confer ences with employers. Reports of Allied Interests of Building Trades Council at Regular Weekly Meeting Business Agent Fred Hock Reports Matters of Material Interest to Members of the Council. At the regular weekly meeting of the Building Trades Council several matters of minute importance were laid before the attention of the executive body, sev eral of which demanded immediate at tention. Fred Hock, General Business Agent, made an advisory report which embraced the adoption of a governing committee which should be instructed to report conditions as they exist, and ad vised that a committee be named to in vestigate such complaints as were en tered before the Council. This committee will be required to report back to the Council next Thurs day evening, at which time President Joseph A. Cullen will be called upon to determine whether or not the various contracting companies should be de clared unfair. President Cullen, during the course of BAR JUDGE HILLYER IN COLORADO RIOT CASES State Supreme Court Forbids Him to Preside, Saying He Is Prejudiced. Denver, Col. Judge Granby Ilillycr was forbidden by a writ of the State Supreme Court to preside at any future trials growing out of the strike riots by the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company's employes in the spring of 1014. This decision is regarded by the law yers of the United Mine Workers of America as a distinct blow at John D. Rockefeller. Jr.. anil his fellow man agers of the coal and iron mines. In effect the court's decision stated that Judge Hillyer's mind is not equally balanced between employes and em ployers. Besides, the Supreme Court granted a stay to John R. Lawson, a labor lead er, sentenced to life imprisonment as guilty of being an accomplice in the death of three men during the riots. Judge Hillyer presided at Lawson's trial. The court reserved decision on Law son's plea that he be freed on bail pend ing the final decision. Chief Justice W. II. Gabhert and Tustices James F. Garrigues dissented from the oninion. which was delivered by Justice S. II. White. The motion was based mainlv on the allcation that Judge Hillvcr was for merly an attorney for the Colorado coal mine owners and was therefore nrejudiced against the accused strikers. ' ! Tt was charged that the mine owners j employed a force of attorneys and de fectives to secure convictions of strikers. land that Granby Hillyer. before his aii , nointinent as judge, belonged to this j force. I Said t'-e court in its decision: "We 1 are certain from the facts aliened th" a reasonable person might very pronerlv conclude -that, because of Indue Hill yer s interest anil activity in a cause oi similar character against active asso ciates of the relators, he has, within the meaning nf the law. a b;as or prejudice that would in all probability prevent bini from dealiii't fairly with the relators as defendants." VIOHTK CLKHKS Kl'LKS. '.Tiecyill". O As a preliminary to ilratic action, if necessary, the Retail Clerks' iin'nn announces that certain stores in this ritv must cease violating the early closing rule. TO KA1SH Wll'TK WIXCJS' PAY. Wit'f'"to" Renewed efforts will be made dur'U' the coming session of Con gress to obtain wa,re increases for work ers emp'oved in tl" District's eloaniiu' force It year the commissioners ftf lie District of Columbia provided in tbir estimates for an increase in the salaries of these tiuploves from 1.50 to SI 7.1 a dav. but the item was not in cluded in the appropriation act. his introductory remarks outlined the fir- llnf rliirl.itr tin. finct iveeL he linn visited the Mecca Saloon, where he had discovered that an electric sign naa neen installed by a firm unfair to union labor. Mr. Cullen declared lie nau placed U'C ,-,,-itt..,- hfffnrp t1i attention nf Wil- liam Bodemer, proprietor of the Mec ca saloon wiiii intimate assuidiu-v-s uui the evil would be immediately corrected. Later on his vist to the Mecca Saloon President Cullen discovered that Mr Bodemer had not only employed non union men to place a non-union sign, but that he utterly failed to acquiesce to any of the requirements pertaining to unionism consequently the president of the Building Trades Council asked that the Mecca Saloon.be placed on the unfair list until such time as Mr. Bode mer should agree to respect .organized labor. DEFENDS SEAMEN'S ACT Uedfield Holds It Would Xot Injure Pacific Mail Fleet. Washington. Department of Com merce officials took issue with statements i that the sale of thePacific Mail steam ships to the Atlantic Transport -Company was necessary because the Sea men's act would render their operation on the Pacific unprofitable. Tiie assigned reason for the transfer of the ships was that under the act as to employment of foreigners, and es pecially Chinese, the cost of operation i.-, . ;,n-renpfl that the vessels would be run at a loss. This. Secre tary Redficld denies, and attention was called to regulations issued during the .- ,..ol- ic m the matter nf lantruaee and the ability of members ot the crew to understand" orders, as supporting his contention. . , Mr. Redficld holds that it is not neces sary under the act that a seaman be able to speak English fluently or at all : i. ...,,t..rctnnr1c nrdinar words of command on board ship, and this, he said, was something mat couiu uc quicklv determined in an adequate test. The Secretary has asserted that the real reason for the position taken by the Pacific Mail Company was that the Pan; r-.,oi -,,.i lnrrinc the vessels ol corporations owned by railroad com- - i :.. .1... ....... tt tli nmns palllCS, SIOOU 111 mi: "- "' ""- i - of the company, and that it was en .:.!.. .,,-,..t;..ille fnr the comoauv to continue in business on the Pacific un der the Seamen's act. . It had been expected here among ship ping experts for months that the ves--t, f i,.. Pneitif fnil would be sold to an Eastern corporation and contin ued under American registry. This cor poration being free from the condition that confronts the Pacific Mail as a railroad-owned corporation will lie able to enter into competition with lines using the Panama Canal in trade be tween New York and the Orient, which the Pacific Mail could not do. A STIltltlXC APPKAL. Melbourne. Australia. Under the cap tion "'Be a Unionist. Body and Soul, the Labor Call of this city says: "If vou don't want to be trodden on, join the union. ,. "Do vou want to he well fed. well housed," well clothed and well read? Join the union ! Do you want to hep vour mates along? Join the union! The monopolistic press and the monopolist ,,-av tell you that such desires are vi cious, hut, instead, it is .need of things necessarv and good that makes men vi cious. Where wages are highest, there will he found the most prosperous na tion and the most contented people. There will education be the most gen erally diffused. There will morality he the purest; there will patriotism be the most profound. Help to make your country prosperous; help to liberate mankind. Join the union! Swear by the union! Work for the union!