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The Labor Advocate
INDEPENDENT NON-PARTISAN t A PAPER FOR ALL WHO TOIL" Official Organ of the Building Trades Council of Cincinnati and Vicinity Vol. III. No. 19 CINCINNATI, OHIO, AUGUST 28, 1915 One Dollar a Year ( L L . I IV i u r ii i - j C & ts Ohio Workmen's In Grave Peril. Presents - Labor Demands Safety First for the Workers if Injury (By Thos. J. Donnelly, Sec.-Trcas. O. S. F. of L.) Following the passage of the compul sory workmen's compensation act by the Eightieth General Assembly of Ohio, there was passed the act providing for an Industrial Commission, and trans ferring to it, among other powers, all of those previously exercised by the State Hoard of Awards under the voluntary workmen's compensation law. Organ ized labor favored this law, believing that the grouping of all the State .de partments having to do with laws affect ing labor would prove economical, in crease efficiency and promote safety in industry. This commission, having brought before it claims for awards for injuries under the compensation act, can, and docs,makc a record of the injuries, how received, etc. This furnishes data upon which to work for the greater en forcement of laws pertaining to safe guards upon machinery, etc., and to pro mote and conduct safety campaigns among both employers and employes. Not alone this, but through its Factory Inspection Department it is enabled to prevent many industrial accidents by in sisting upon the proper observance of safety laws in industrial establishments. Assisting in thisi campaign of safety has been the Industrial. Commission's . system of""-fixinjratcs for Workmen's 1 compensation insurance. Hits has re sulted in a reduction in the number of accidents, their seriousness, the period of invalidity, etc., bringing smaller cost to the employer and greater safety to employes. Under tiic liability insurance compan ies' method of conducting this business for profit, there is no incentive to pro mote safety campaigns or demand a strict enforcement of all laws requiring safety devices, guards, etc. Rather would the inclination be to let these things take care of themselves, figure the percentage of accidents and assess a like premium upon the careful and careless employer in each industry. Labor demands safely first, and then compensation for the worker if injury is suffered. The insurance companies have the mis taken notion that labor is only concern ed in the principle of compensation. .By preferential rates, or by penaliza tion, accidents are reduced. This is the State plan. A flat rate for all employ ers in a given industry, regardless of the percentage of accidents of the individual employer, is the liability companies' plan. Under this plan the law of aver ages is worked with a vengeance, and there is no escape therefrom for the careful employer. The insurance com panies fear a loss of profit in the pre ferred rate. It is just this difference in systems and motif that enables the State to fur nish workmen's compensation cheaper than the insurance companies. Speaking upon this question of rates, the Industrial Commission of Ohio, in a pamphlet issued July 1,1915, says: "The larger liability insurance com panies, known as the Conference Com panies, have issued a manual of Work men's Compensation Rates for Ohio. It will be noted that the liabil ity insurance company rates are just 201! 1$. & O. HUVS KQUII'MKXT. Baltimore. The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad announces that it has placed contracts with several steel mills for 17,000 tons of steel rails and with car manufacturers for 1,000 steel hopper car bodies for immediate delivery. The ma terial will cost about $1,000,000. These orders supplemented contracts placed last month for 2,000 steel hopper cars and 500 passenger cars costing approxi mately $2,500,000. UNIONISM? OIjI) KIKM. Hannibal, Mo. The Hohucs-Darkin Cigar Company has reached an agree ment with the Cigar Markers' Union This firm has been doing business for nearly fifty years. Compensation Sec. Donnelly Startling Statistics and Then Compensation is Suffered. per cent of the Ohio State insurance rates. "Tin's simply means that, if the Ohio employers had not been protected by the State Insurance Plan and, instead, had been compelled to have purchased their compensation insurance from the liabil ity insurance companies, they would have paid these companies $2.;i for every $1.00 they have paid into the Ohio State Insurance Fund. "The Ohio employers have paid into the Ohio State Insurance Fund to date, in earned premiums, $4,:iG:i,004.i:i. This means, therefore, that had the Ohio em ployers been compelled to purchase their compensation insurance from the liability insurance companies, as over the period dating from March 1, 1012, to May IS, 1!)1.", that instead of having purchased the same from the State at a cost of $4,:i('S,!)04.i:i, it would have cost them just 2.1)3 times $4,:io:i,004.i:), or $12,780, 2.'li).10. "In other words, the Ohio State insur ance plan to date has saved the Ohio employers the difference between $12.'- 78G,2:s;.io and $4,:m:i,04.i:i, which is $8, 422.X14.07. "The foregoing figures indeed furnish material for sober reflection for the very definite reason ihat they do not repre sent a tneory, nut a tact. I Iiese -0guresrer-irm;mnjrrMOiVi ever, they represent by no means an ex ception. The Massachusetts Insurance Department has recently issued a renort covering the period dating from January,' una, to uctoher, l!)i:i. Tins report shows that the liability insurance com panies collected from the Massachusetts employers, as over this period, $7,451, 72:i.()0 in workmen's compensation insur ance (earned) premiums. The injured employes of the Massachusetts emplovers received just $2,805,700.00 of this amount, the liability insurance companies absorb ing the remaining $4,380,017.00. "It would be interesting to know just what the liability insurance companies would have done with the excess of $8,422,:i:i4.()7 which they would have collected from the Ohio employers had it not been for the existence of the Ohio State Insurance Plan. "The liability insurance company agents would have received $2,557,247.82 of this amount, as their commission for getting the business, which is one great expense the Ohio State Insurance Plan has eliminated. "The salaries to home office officials, rents, adjustment expenses, etc., would have absorbed an additional $2,557,247.82 of this amount, thereby making a total expense for operation of $5,114,405.04, "The Industrial Commission of Ohio is operating the Ohio State Plan at an annual cost of less than $200,000. "The remaining $:i,:i07,8:i!).:i:i of tiiis $S,422,:i:i4.07 would have gone into the coffers of the liability insurance com panies. "As it is, the Ohio State Insurance Plan has made it possible for the Ohio employers to keep this $8,422,:n4.07 in their pockets." These figmes shov: in part why the insurance interests have been so active at Columbus. They are enjoying good picking in some other States and the Ohio law is a menace to them and their exorbitant profits. STKKI CAK STK1KI0 KNDS. Ilolyoke, Mass. Street car em ployes in this city have returned to work after a nine days' strike, caused by the company's refusal to accept a re adjustment of working schedules. The company finally agreed to the men's ar bitration plan, that provides for the ap pointment of a third member of the board by Governor Walsh. SKAMICN IN CONVENTION. San Francisco. The recently enacted seamen's law was given much consid eration by the convention of thelnter nationil Seamen's Union, held in this city. Delegates and officers reported that the organization is in a flourishing condition. Formation of Labor Day Parade Decided Upon at Meeting of Committees Pageant Prom ises to Be Largest Ever Held Here. The Labor Day parade promises to be one of the largest ever held in Cincin nati. The line of march and the forma tion of the parade were officially decided upon at a joint meeting of committees of tiic Building Trades Council and the Central Labor Council, and a report made at a meeting of the Central Labor Council in Teamsters' Hall. After some discussion tiic council deemed to ap point a committee to assist the Park Commissioners in arranging for tile mu nicipal picnic on Labor Day. The procession on Labor Day will start at !) :.10 in the morning at Findlay and Race streets and will proceed south on Race street to Twelfth street, to Main street, to Fifth street, to Walnut street, to Fourth street, to Plum street, to Ninth street, to Walnut street, to Court street, where it will be reviewed by the Grand Marshal and his staff and then disband. The formation of the parade follows Police. Grand Marshal, Two Asristants anil Staff. Automobiles of Central Labor Counc'l. Automobiles of liuilding Trades Council. Automobiles of Trades Union Label League. Hand. Kscort of Private Policemen Union, 1.1130. Delegates of the Central Labor Council And liuilding Trades Council. FIRST DIVISION. Forms on Race Street, North of Findlay Street Facing South. . Division Marshal and Staff. llrcwery Laborers, Jlranch 1. nanu. llrewcrs' Union, 12. Hand. llottlcrs and llotlle Deer Drivers Ui. n, -109. Hand. Street Car Men's Union, 027. SECOND DIVISION. Form on Findlav Street. Kast of Kace Street, Facing West. Division Marrhal and Staff. Hand. Ilakers' Union, 213. Hand. Steam Fitters, 392. Drum Corps. Sheet Metal Workers, 141. Coppersmiths' Local 03. Hand. Iron Workers, -14. Hand. Moving Picture Operators, 103. Hand. Chester Park Carnival. THIRD DIVISION. Forms on Findlay Street, West of Kace Street, 'Facing l!ast. Division Marrhal and Staff. Hand. Hoot' and Slice Workers' Union, 222. Hand. Hoot ami Shoe Workers' Union, 210. Hand. Hoot and Shoe Workers' Union, (IS. Leather Workers ini Horse floods in Carriagcr. Hoisting Engineers, 114. Axle and Forgers' Union, 42. FOURTH DIVISION. Forms on Klilcr Street', Kast of Race Street, Facing West. Marshal and Staff, Hand. Garment Workers, 100. Garment Workers, 00, in Automobiles. Shirt Workers, 151, in Automobiles. Hand. Journeymen Harbors' Union, 10. Hutcher Workers. 232, in Automobiles. Hand. Cigar Makers. FIFTH DIVISION. Forms on Klilcr St., West of Race, on North Side of Findlay Stiect Market'. Facing Kast. Marshal and Stall. Hand., Teamsters' Union, 108. City Laborers, 14S00. Hand. Teamsters' Union, 100. Hand. Teamsters' Union, 08. Hand. Teamsters' Union, 11).), in Automobiles. SIXTH DIVISION. Forms on Kldcr Street, West of Race, South Side of Findlay Market. Facing Kast. Marshal and Stall. Hand. Painters' District Council No. 12. Hand. Painters, f,0. Upholsterers' Union No. 50. Laundry Workers' No. .r7, in Automobiles. American Flint Glass Workers No. 37. SEVENTH DIVISION. Forms on Green Street, Kast of Race Street, Facing West. Marshal and Staff. Hand. Printing Trades Council. Hand. Typographical Union No. 3. Printing Pressmen No. 17. Cincinnati Press Assistants No. 11. Paper Cutters No. 140. Granite Cutters No. 1. Drum Corps. Firemen's Union No. 40. Tobacco Workers' No. 25. Police Automobiles. Building Trades Council Wins Important Legal Dicision When Judge Tarbell Gives Oral Opinion Master Plumbers' Association, of Portsmouth, Ohio, At tempts to Dissolve Building Trades Council, but Court Rules Every Point at Issue Against Plaintiffs. Portsmouth. Ohio. Aug. 24. Organ-: ized labor won a victory in the local common pleas court this afternoon when Judge J. V. Tarbell, of Georgetown, in an oral opinion, dismissed the petition of the local Master Plumbers' Associa tion to dissolve the Building Trades Council of this city and permanently to enjoin the members front interfering in any way with the plaintiffs. Every point at issue was decided against the plaintiffs, the Court holding that the working agreement between the two organizations was not unfair to the plaintiffs since they had ratified it know ing its provision ; that the alleged unlaw ful acts ot the defendants did not con stitute intimidation or coercion ; that la boring men have a right to organize into unions, and tliose unions to . alhliatc, A a with a central labor body, and that em- ploycrs had the right to hire and dis-, party defendants : carpenters and join chargc without reason and the employes ers Union .ot America, Local 43. : liro to work or quit without cause, so long thcrhood of Painters, Decorators and as neither of them is bound bv contract. ' Paperhangers of America. Local oj The suit grew out of the unsuccessful attempt last April of the Master Plumb- ,o' Aoo..:..(: tr. ;,i.. ;,...,. plumbers to modify certain provisions of tiic working agreement wincli still nau two years to run. T , , -, r, r .1 1 . Judge A. .. Blair, for the plaintiffs, announced that an appeal would be taken R M & p y of America: t-,e ports to , the Court of Appeals. The appeal , n, ,,,;., -rWes Council oi bond was fixed at $100. clioTasTsfeiiT attorney for tlieBiiiiilT ing Trades Council of Portsmouth, O makes the following statement : "In the month of Anril the Master Plumbers of Portsmouth. Ohio, formed as association and affiliated themselves with the Employers' Association of that eitv. These Master Plumbers each had a contract with Local Union No. 577 of that city, which contract began May 1, 1914, and was to expire April. 1017. "It was the usual trades union agree ment, fixing the hours of labor, the con ditions, etc., and providing for $1.50 wages per day, from May 1, 1014, to April Ito, 1015, and $4 per day thereafter. In other words, oil the first day of May, 1015, each union plumber to receive an increase of fifty cents per day according to the contract signed by both parties. "In order to avoid this increase of wages, it seems that these Master Republican Administration Again Denounced by Building Trades Council, at Regular Meeting Firemen Again Painting Engine Houses and Plugs, Con trary to Agreement of Twelve Months Ago. At the meeting of the Building Trades Council Thursday evening, the present administration was again denounced as being absolutely unfair to union labor. The speeches came as a result of the or der to city firemen to paint all the fire plugs an J engine houses within the city limits, thus taking away a source of revenue from the men who gain their livelihood in the painting trade and plac ing the responsibility of expert work manship among a class of city employes who know absolutely nothing of the painting trade. The Administration does this, not withstanding the fact that a year ago they made an agreement whereby they 1n,mrl tlinll1C,1viC lltinil tlt( 1)HS1; flf VPT- bal promises not to permit city employes to do tne worK which suouiu rigiiiiuny be done by union labor, and the present complication is taken up by the Build ing Trades Council as an action unfair to the organized working men of this city. DKMANI) lMtHVAlIilNO KATH. Toronto, Ontario. Local machinists have complained to the department o( labor at Ontario that certain manu facturers of war munitions arc paying less than the prevailing rates. Plumbers of Portsmouth formed the as- j sociation above mentioned, and declared la lockout, locking out all the union help. "Thereupon, the matter was brought to the attention of the Building Trades Council of Portsmouth, thru Local Un ion No. 577, one of its affiliated unions, and the said Building Trades Council decided that no union man in Ports mouth shall work with a non-union man, or on the job where a non-union man was employed. In other words, they firmly declared to the employers of Portsmouth that they would stand as a man, upon the theory that an injury to one is an injury to all. Thereupon, these Master Plumbers, to the number of 2fi, filed a petition in the common pleas court of Scioto County, Ohio, tifvnifii m.it. hllfilinf rifrnllt rl l"ft "B""8, -'i uUM1, sm. ... tlie loliowing organizations were maue 1 i-iumircrs ami oicim ru e;, i.a. ., ., ot u. A.; Amalgamated ancet Aietai I Workers. Local 32rs: International Bro- ! therhood of Electrical Workers, Local , yKu"--" , " .r 1 Vr i rtssociaiiui., -"-" -. """; , , Metal Lathers, Local 3..0; Bricklayers ;,... -v.. or, 't,..c ,., ni,; f !,,. LPrtm!Stft'!o.-'-'n'..vi7iiuty.-aad1tlieis. . aiders ami aueuuis vvnwc nam" .- the plaintiffs unknown. "This netition. which was filed in the courts, covers about fifty pages of close- 1 Iv tvnewritten matter. "Aniontr other things, the employers I asked the Court to declare the Building I Trades Council of Portsmouth, a con- spiracy and an illegal combination, tin lawful and against public policy, and asked that the same be dissolved by the Court. Thev further asked that none of the defendants that is the local un ions or their agents be permitted to form another association under another name. That the said unions be enjoined forever from boycotting any of the Mas ter Plumbers or from hindering or ob structing their business, or interfering with their patronage or customers, or to procure anyone to cease business re ( Continued on page 5) Union Labor looks upon firemen labor the same as the average man looks upon convict labor. , The meeting was called to order with President Cullen presiding; the minutes of the previous meeting were read by Secretary Fred Hock and promptly adopted. A communication from the Ohio State Building Trades Council was ' read, calling the attention of members ' that the State Convention will convene 'at the Hotel Von Hof, Mansfield, Ohio, ' on October n. Another communication from Nicho las Klein, offering to co-operate with the Building Trades Council in framing a suitable memorial to be placed in the cornerstone of the new Court House; this was accepted with thanks. Business Agent Hock's report was read and adopted. All trades reported business fair. The Queen City Sign Company and the Xoveltv Sign Company, were order id taken oil the fair list, as published in the Lacok Advocate. OlUJANIiATlON UKC.KJ). Canton, O. The Carpenters' Union has appointed a committee to act with the Central Labor Union and the Build ing Trades Council in starting an or ganizing campaign in this city.