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THE LABOR ADVOCATE FOREIGN ILLITERATES COMMON PREY IN U. S. Aliens I Co turn to Their Native IjjiikI on Call. 1'OSITIOX OK UNIONS UIMIHM). (oreriiineiit Itepoit Shatters Claim of Those Who Oppose linnilgiitlon Restriction anil Mteraey Test Urg ed by A. h of I,. Washington. The federal bureau of naturalization, department of labor, makes public much interesting informa tion in a report on its work of "mak ing citizens out of the raw material of the resident foreigner." The figures refute clainjs made by opponents of immigration restriction and a literary test, urged by the American Federation of Labor. These opponents have pictured immigrants from certain sections of Europe as imbued with the lofty purpose of coming to America to establish a home and assist in the work of developing freedom and democracy ior all men. These oratorical effusions are not sup ported by the bureau's cold declaration that foreign illiterates maintain their allegiance to European potentates and that these illiterates are an easy prey to exploiters. It is stated that in I'.JIO there were nearly 14,000,000 foreigners in this country, that of this number 0,000,000 were not citizens, and that the foreign body has been increased nearly 1,000, Ono annually since that time. The report shows that during the past nine years upwards of 85,000 for eigners have been refused citizenship papers. One-half of these have been declared to be either morally or mciit aly unfit. The bureau makes this comment on the large number of non-citizens in this country: "J!y far the larger portion of the for eign residents of this country have re tained their allegiance to tlie sovereignty of their birth. Recently, reports in the public press have shown many of these are ready to respond to the behest of these sovereignties. It is well known that large numbers returned immediately up on a the call of the country of their na tivity, leaving the ties, personal, family, industrial and others which have grown up in this country, for the, stronger cull of nUegiancu to the foreign sov ereignty. Tliis was the case prior to the great war of Europe, in the lesser wars among the Ilalkan States." The following statement by the bureau is an unqualified indorsement of the position taken by organized labor in its advocacy of a literary test for immi grants: "Among the approximately 1 1,000,000 foreign alien residents, UlAlVllil art classed as illiterate. These illiterates are the natural prey of the designing and scheming foreigners and natives, as well, at every turn. They compel them to pay tribute, both in cash and blood, for every service both real anil imagined, and in the gratification of their desires, however unscrupulous or unnatural." PEOPLE SHOULD CONTROL THE LABOR EXCHANGE San Francisco. The people should control labor exchanges, declares Sec retary ot Labor Wilson in a speech be fore the labor exchange conference which included federal, State and muni cipal officials. The cabinet official said: "The need of labor exchanges has been clearly demonstrated. Private la Jior exchanges came into existence be cause there was a need for clearing houses for labor. There never would have been a need for municipal labor exchanges had it not been for the fact that the private exchanges had been abused. "The suspicion which exists on the part of labor organizations is due to t lie fact that in many instances these private labor exchanges have lleeced the work ingmen and furnished strikebreakers, wagebreakers and hour-iiicreasers to private concerns. It is within the power of the people to control municipal labor exchanges, and thus controlled, thev can never be used for any other purposes than those for which they are de signed." I'KIXTKItK KIXKOT ISAIl'IMOItK. Los Angeles, Cal. Baltimore was se lected as the 1(110 meeting place bv the International Typographical Union convention, in session here recently. A proposal to increase salaries of the president and secretary-treasurer wis non-concurred in. The plan to make the secretary of unions of less than 100 members a convention representative by virtue of his office was defeated. Amendments to the priority and six dav laws were ordered submitted to i referendum. The convention uiinui niouslv voted to strike out the word "female" wherever it appears in the constitution and by-laws of the organ ization and substitute the word "wo man." :. K COAL MEN WANT COSSACKS Denver, Colo. Coal operators and .their allies in this State are now engaged in a campaign of educa tion on the benefits of a State con stabulary. Advocates of the Cossack system arc alive to the fact that they have discredited the State militia and this unit of our national defense is hav ing a hard time living down its connec tion with events in southern Colorado. The Rocky Mountain News, publish ed in this city, is one of the leaders in the Cossack campaign, and the follow ing editorial plea is a sample of the clever preliminary moves that are being cautiously made : "Pennsylvania is the founder of a State constabulary system and although it. met with much opposition at the be ginning, it is now accepted by both sides as an advantage over the former man ner of meeting disputes with profession al strike-breakers, deputy sheriffs sworn in for the occasion and special police. The constabulary is composed of men chosen for a purpose, without prejudice or partisanship. Their duty is to keep the peace. They take no part in the controversies that have arisen and re main impartial. . "This movement for States to estab lish a constabulary that would take charge of intercounty matters is gain ing strength for another reason. The State militia is becoming more of a national defense organization and, is de pendent upon the war department and the federal treasury for a portion of its subsistence and extension. When a State militia has to do police duty and in. some manner takes sides in an industrial-political controversy, its standing as an army of national defense is hurt. Many citizens would gladly serve in a national guard, that would hesitate to join an organization that is liable to fie called out any day to quell a local disturbance or take issue with a labor strike." VUliftMAS IIKADS UIOItlTKIOI). Chicago. The Pullman company board of directors has refused to act on the matter of granting wage increases to its sleeping car porters and conduc tors, which Chairman Walsh of the commission on industrial relations in terprets as an affront at the commission because of its recent investigation of the Pullman company. Chairman Walsh said : "The company's failure to act, after the assurance of Mr. Lincoln, chairman of the company's board of directors, that he would bring up the matter at the next meeting of the board, anil af ter his own admission that part of the company's huge profits were derived by underpayment of its faithful employes, can be explained only by the indifference and disregard of its wealthy directors as to the well-being of the faithful em ployes who man its cars. ' To refuse justice to these employes because of pique at the action "f this commission in exposing conditions of employment in its car service, is a policy that needs no comment." MIKKOritl UNIONISTS TO MKKT. Moberlv, Mo. The annual conven tion of the. Missouri St'ite Federation of Labor will be held in this city, begin ning Monday, September 20. It is ex pected that fraternal delegates will be present from the fanners' organiza tions, from the State Federations of Kansas, Iowa, Illinois and Arkansas, and from the Women's Trade Union League. Ol'I'OSIO lilCASH SVSTKM. Itrrminglinm, Ala. The Farmers' Ed ucational Co-operative Union of Ala bama convention unanimously adopted a resolution calling for the abolishment of the convict lease system and the plac ing of these convicts upon the public roads. This question is now being con sidered by the State legislature. FAItMKItS VOTIO TO AIWIMATK Cireal F-iPs, Mont The Farmers' Society of Equity, which met in this city, voted to affiliate with the Montana State Federation of Labor. AtJAINST (,'UANI .IITltV SVSTKM. Smi Francisco The convention of the International Longshoremen's As sociation. Pacific district, denounced the grand jury system as "a relic of me dieval times," which permits no defend ant to question the partiality o'f its members. Resolutions adopted by the conven tion declare that t lie powers of wealth, through their vast property rights, have usurped control of the grand jury sys tem, so that it has become "a new form of the inquisition." SKW OAlU'KNTHItK' UNIONS. Indianapolis, hid. Secretary Duffy, of the International Brotherhood- of Carpenters and Joiners, announces that tile following locals were organized last month: Fall River, Mass. (I'ortu t'iuc); Okechobee. Fla.; Atchison, Kan ; Prince George, Canada; Enid, Okla.; Baltimore, Md. (shipwrights); Portland. 'Me.; Martinez, Cal.; Ho bokeu, N. J. (ship carpenters). WOMEN PAID SAME AS MEN FOR SAME CLASS OF WORK Novel Change of Employment anil Wage Systems In State Institutions. 1'HOMOTION WAOK SCAIjK lTiAN Chicago, Aug. 24. Women employes of Illinois will receive the same pay as men doing the same class of work, be ginning with September 1. This step, together with radical changes affecting .1,500 employes and more than 20,000 wards of the State in the twenty-one charitable institutions, was decided on yesterday at a confer ence of the members of the State Board of Administration. They named a new superintendent of the Soldiers' Orphans' Home at Normal. Tic is Edwin M. Van Pcttcn, of Bloom ington, former city superintendent of schools at BIoomiiiRton and Joliet. "The revolutionizing of the em ploying and wage system in the twenty one State institutions," President Kern said, "has becil under consideration for some time." Changes in Kules. Four distinct "advance steps." as Kern explained, were made, as follows : 1. The minimum wages for men and women in all the State institutions to be the same for the same class of work. 2. All employees to be given one day of rest in seven, in addition to the two weeks' vacation annually. Under the old system they had the two weeks' va cation, but worked seven davs a week. .1. A promotional wage scale whereby all employes will automatically receive higher wages as their term of service lengthens. 1. The change from night to dav ser vice to be made hereafter each week in stead of monthly. I'Vir New' St iinclaril. "There is no reason," aid President Kern, "whv a nurse in these State in stitutions should not receive as high wages as the men attendants for the spmn clagj! of work. "It should have been recognized long ago. "We believe that we are establishing the right standard thi time and that it will lend to increase efficiency in all the institutions. Promotion IMaii. "We arc working out the promotional wage scale, which we believe, to be an other step in the right direction. . '"Instead of leaving the question of wages to the superintendents, we be lieve this plan will work much better, as the employes will always have an in centive, for the longer thev work, pro vided they are faithful and efficient, the hieber will be their wages. "What we are trying to do is to make the work attractive to both men and women employes in these great charita ble institutions by treating the employes like human beings and giving them some thing to work for." UNIONISM HKNIOKITH AMj. Everett, Wash., Aug. 21. After re ferring to the reforms inaugurated by the trade union movement, in a "la bor forward" address in this city. Sec retary Taylor of the State federation of labor, said : "The indirect results of these bene ficent measures have left their impress on the character of the worker, elevated his standard of living, enobled his ideals, thus leading to a general elevation of the workers' environment, both in the home and in the shops and mills." WIMj INTKIM'KKT AWAItl). Chicago. Aug. 21. Representatives of the federal department of labor have ar ranged for the re-assembling of the ar bitration board which recently made an award in the case of western railroads versus their firemen anil engineers. The board will adjust a number of questions the two parties to arbitration could not agree upon when they undertook to ap ply the recent award on the various rail roads. KMKI1'Klt TltrST I'AVH DA.MAftlCS. Denver. Tip- American Smelting and Refining Company has paid the federal government $112,700 as damages and rent for the use of :t,l7r acres of Southern Colorado coal lauds valued at $1,000,000. The government discovered that the land has been secured through the use of "dummy" entrymen. WHAT "liAISOU" INOIiUDKS. San Francisco. "The labor ques tion is as big, as broad, as deep, as extensive as human activity," said Sec retary of Labor Wilson, in a speech in this citv. "If you take as your defini tion of hbor any physical or mental ac tivity, not exclusively for pleasure, then vou have some conception of the breadth of the movement which takes into consideration and seeks to handle properly all these activities. The most important function, the most important thine- growing out of the creation of the new federal department of labor, is that from now on labor has a voice in the councils of our Nation." VOTE AGAINST Bgfra lr Union MADE Beer slpa porter It -ET7EE3- 3h Of America rGlr COPYRIGHT &TRADE MARK REGISTERED THIS IS OUR LABEL, THE HERANCOURT Brewing Co. STRICTLY UNION LAGER COAL BUY IT FROM YOUR FRIENDS THE QUEEN CITY COAL CO. PIIIVATK KXOIIANGK WEST 2820 FLEISCHMANN'S YEAST : MAKES : THE BEST BREAD I STRIKE IS SETTLED IN K. C. TERMINAL Washington. The strike of the shop men employed by the Kansas City Terminal Company was one of the most important cases handled by the federal department of labor is the report of William . Blackmail, commissioner of conciliation, representing the depart ment. The strike was caused by the com pany discharging thirty-four workers and a committee which asked the man agement to accept working rules agreed to by nine railroads. With' the assistance of Commissioner Blackmail an agreement was reached whereby all discharged men and the strikers return ed to work, and within sixty days nego tiations between the company and repre sentatives of the employes will under take to adopt a set of shop rules, condi tions of employment, hours of service, wages, rates, etc., which can be mutual ly agreed upon. The importance of this strike is indicated by the federal com missioner's statement that the company takes care of twelve railroads running into the city, and if the controversy were not adjusted it was liable to event ually include -10,000 workers, followed by all the evils of a general strike. TO A.-NIIOM) ItHKKUKMWM fjAAV. Little Rock, Ark. The Arkansas State Federation of Labor has initiated a petition for amendments to the pres ent initiative and referendum law, which has been weakened by a State Supreme Court ruling that the legislature may attach the word "emergency" to any legislation, thereby preventing its refer ence to the people. DANOKItK IN IXDUSTKV. Altoona, Pa. Seven Pennsylvania railroad trackmen were killed near Mount Union, in the early morning, last week, when a passenger train, running at a high rate of speed through a dense fog, crashed into them. The engineer was seriously injured. STItlKKISltKAKKltS PIXKI). Worcester, Mass. Two strikebreak ers employed by the Rice, Barton & Males Machine and Iron Company were each fined $.10 for carrying concealed weapons without permits. STATIC UNIONISTS TO MKKT. San Francisco. Officers of the Cali fornia State Federation of Labor have issued a call for the sixteenth annual convention, to be held at Santa Rosa, beginning Monday, October 4. PROHIBITION! DEMAND PERSONAL LIBERTY IN CHOOSING WHAT YOU WILL DRINK Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer, Ale or Porter, As a guarantee that It Is Union Made 1803 STRICTLY UNION a LABOR EXPLOITATION SCHEME IS BLOCKED San Antonio, Tex., Aug. 21. An at tempt to exploit labor and Mexicanize West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio mines has been blocked by State offi cials and federal immigration inspec tors. These officials notified a labor agency in this city that was advertis ing for 15,000 Mexicans to work in vari ous eastern mines, that it must qualify under the Texas law governing employ ment agencies. A refusal to qualify was followed by arrests. One of the promo ters committed suicide. Several hundred Mexicans lost $2 apiece. The offer at tracted German sailors, who have been interned since last spring, but these workers were suspicious and they con ferred with trade unionists. The contract Mexicans were called upon to sign provided that each signer should work for the company "that ad vances the transportation until such transportation and all other expenses connected therewith are paid in full." It was further agreed that the worker should pay the labor agency 5 per cent of his earnings for a period of 12 months, this money to be taken from the envelope of the worker and for warded every month to the agent. The collapse of the scheme has re sulted in several hundred Mexicans being left destitute in this city. BUILDING PERMITS Residence Alterations in and addi tion to building at 1018 Freeman ave nue. Owner, B. II. Rohde; architect, A. Kunz, Jr., !)5."i W. Court street, Cincin nati, O. Contracts awarded as follows : Cellar work, E. Budkc; brick work, Wa hofT & Stoepfcl; carpenter, work, Val Fussner; iron work, Fcning & Co.; plumbing, Ilappc Bros. Residence A 2j4-story .brick and stucco residence to be built at 1120.1 Men lo avenue. Owner, Rutherford II. Cox; architects, Zcttel & Rapp, Johnston Bldg., Cincinnati. Contract for carpenter work awarded to George E. Ilanibly and for iron work to the L. Sehreiber & Sons Co. Residence A stucco residence, 7.1x45 feet in dimensions, to be built on Betula avenue, in the Avon Hills subdivision. Owner, F. R. Toewatcr ; architect, G. C. Burroughs, Union Trust Bldg., Cincin nati, O. Contracts awarded as follows: Foundation, Dennis Flaherty; cement work, Chas. V. Maescher & Co.; brick work, August Schulte; carpenter work, mill work and stairs, the Leibold-Gott Building Co.; plastering, Werkowittz & Meier; tile, A. Schirmer; electric work, A. Wottitz; plumbing, Schuster & Wag ner; painting, Boardman & Co. uMHJimW "'""