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The labor advocate. (Cincinnati, Ohio) 1912-1937, November 20, 1915, Image 5

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Professional Diplomacy Is
Harmful to Workers ' Cause
Propossed World's Labor Congress Discussed
by Trade Unionists.
San Francisco. The declaration of the
A. F. of L. convention, last year, that
a world's lahor congress he held at the
. same time and place that a general con
gress shall he held at the close of the
present war, is discussed at length by
the A. F. of L. Executive Council, in its
report to the annual convention.
While the executive council is con
scious of the many difficulties that may
arise, it makes several general recom
mendations, including the following:
"Then it should also he understood
that representatives to this congress must
he cither officials or duly accredited rep
resentatives of economic organizations of
wage-earners. No representations of po
litical organizations, of philanthropic as
sociations, or any other sort of an or
ganization except a bona fide labor or
ganization, shall he admitted as members
of the conference.
"In order that the position of the
workers of the United States in regard
to international peace and war may he
fully representative and carry with it
the weight of the unanimous voice of
labor of the country, we recommend that!
all international trade unions be urged
to give their indorsement and pledge
their co-operation to the program and
plan outlined by this convention for the
holding of a world's labor conference."
Discussing "Purposes of Labor's Peace
Congress," the executive council states
that it is impossible to plan in advance
for all questions that may arise, but that
delegates must be guided "by the funda
mental principle that human welfare
must have the greatest consideration."
Acting on this theory, the report says :
"During the previous history of the
.world, international relations have been
left as the field or professional diplo
mats and politicians. As a result this
field has not been organized and there
are few permanent agencies for dealing
justly, comprehensively and humanely
with international questions and rights.
There exists, however, what may con
stitute a nucleus for developing per
manent institutions. This nucleus con
sists of The Hague tribunal and that in
definite mass of international customs
known as international law.
"Suggestions.havc been made to these
embryonic institutions" to further de
velop into a more comprehensive pro
vision for influencing international rela
tions. "However, there has been no effort to
democratize these institutions and to
Fort Wayne, Ind. Next Monday the
Indianapolis federal court will hear "the
plea of the United States Mortgage and
Trust Company, of Philadelphia, for an
injunction against the mayor and other
officials of this city. The Eastern Trust
Company holds bonds of the Fort Wayne
and Northern Indiana Traction Com
pany, whose employes are striking to en
force their right to join the street car
men's union. The company maintains
a lighting plant, which competes with
the municipal lighting plant. As Fort
Wayne citizens are in favor of the
strikers, the company's income is re
duced to such figures that the bondhold
ing concern declares it will be impossible
for interest payments to be met. The
mayor and other officials are blamed for
these conditions and an injunction is
asked to restrain them from "conspiring
with trade unionists." Mayor Hosey an
nounces that the city will "fight to the
last ditch with all the resources at our
command," as the suit, he says, is only
intended to harass, hamper and restrict
the city in the operation and expansion
of its electric light and power business.
The city official denies the claim of
the company and states that every effort
lias beenmadcto conduct the municipal
light business in a lawful manner.
Madison, Wis. In preparation for the
winter season in the northern woods, the
State Industrial Commission is arrang
ing to carry its "safety first" campaign
into the logging industry. The com
mission states that 271 men were in
jured last year while handling axes and
that 211 were injured by falling limbs.
Duluth, Minn. The treatment of
woodsmen "is a blot on the fair name
of the city of Duluth and the State of
Minnesota" says the Labor World.
"The lumberjack is the prey- first of
the employment agent," declares this
paper. "lie pays for l'.is job. Then he
pays railroad fare, and next a monthly
gouge for hospital and medical attention,
which he probably won't need, and which
he probably won't get if he does need it.
If he strikes an honest camp foreman
who is not in league with the employ
ment agent, and is able to hold his job
for two or three months, or possibly the
entire winter, he is paid what the lum
ber companies think should be the winter
scale in the woods. That means as little
as thev can pay and get men to work
for it "
make them directly responsible to the
peoples of the various nations concerned.
"The demand for democratic control
and democratic organization' of interna
tional agencies and international methods
must come from the people, for it is
hardly probable that diplomats and
statesmen will voluntarily propose to
share their power and authority with the
masses of the people; and yet it is the
masses of the people who suffer most
grievously from wars and who must bear
the brunt of war both during the time
of fighting and in the period of read
justment that follows cessation of war
fare. "Not only has there been little or no
effort to democratize international rela
tions, but very little consideration has
been given to democratizing the foreign
policies of the countries. The latter
problem must be worked out by each na
tion, but would follow naturally from
the establishment of the rule of the peo
ple in international affairs. The matters
that will be considered by any general
peace congress called at tile end of the
present European war will be of vast
importance in determining future policies
and the directions of develonment for
decades, aye, perhaps for all time. I
"At all previous congresses of this type !
the matters considered have been purely '
political and have been determined from
the viewpoint of professional diplomacy
which is concerned with statecraft rather
than with the larger problems of national
statesmanship and the general welfare
of the masses of the people. Sine the
welfare of the wage-earners of all na
tions is largely affected by international
regulations, in all justice it should be
given primary consideration in the de
liberations of a world peace congress.
"Just as the wage-workers of each
country have by insistent demands forced
their political agents to consider matters
affecting their welfare, and have forced
national recognition of the principle that
the well-being of the people that consti
tute the nation is a matter of funda
mental importance to the nation, so the
wage-workers of the various nations
must insist that there shall be established
as an international principle that the wel
fare of human beings is of the greatest
importance in international relations and
intercourse. In whatever provisions are
made for international political agencies,
the labor movements must present the
demands of the people that these agents
must he responsible to them."
I; AW.
Chicago. By changing the status of
its six fireboats from general seagoing
craft to river and harbor boats this city
saves a few dollars at the cost of en
dangering lives and property and also
nullifies the new seamen's law.
Under the old license the fire tugs were
permitted to sail anywhere on the great
lakes. The new status limits the boats
to cruises in the river and out in the
lake only as far as the breakwater. In
the event of fire along the lake front,
or in South Chicago the fireboats would
not be permitted to go unless towed by
a tug with a great lakes certificate.
Trade unionists are astounded at this
attempt at so-called economy, and Presi
dent Fitzpatrick, of the local federation
of labor, together with Secretary Olan
der, of the Lake Seamen's Union, have
filed protests with city officials.
New York. In its opposition to wom
en's suffrage, the Wall Street Journal
has disproved the claim that "there is
nothing new under the sun." Other op
ponents of this theory, who have claimed
that "women's place is the home" have
long since been silenced by the fact that
thousands of women arc forced to labor
in factories and workshops at less than
a living wage.
But the Wall Street Journal takes a
new tack. It first asks the question :
"Do women really want equality?" Then,
before any one else can reply, the editor
avers :
"There is not a broker in Wall street
who does nnt drnnrl wntni'ii nicinmnrc.
They do not want equal treatment. They
I want all the men get and an extra con-
cession for sex. They are the worst
' losers in the world, and they seem in
capable of gratitude when they win.
Charleston, S. C. The State board of
charities and corrections is urging coun
ties to adopt a portable convict camp to
replace the cages, cars and tents now in
use. Under present conditions over
crowding is the general rule, with con
victs sleeping on straw ticks placed on
rough boards, suspended planks or an
occasional iron bed. Where tents arc
used there is no flooring and prisoners
Iecp in the same clothing they work in.
Once a month the blankets are washed,
( and they are spraved scvral times a
month with oily disinfectants.
Indianapolis. Railroad officials no
longer victimize members of brotherhood
grievance committees. Other reasons,!
sufficient to themselves, has caused these I
brotherhoods not to insist on the union
The Locomotive Firemen and Engine
men's Magazine, official organ of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen, indicates, however, that the
time is ripe for the application of the
'heory that those who enjoy benefits
should pay for them.
A Magazine correspondent, imbued
with the nonunion shop fallacy, protest
ed against the views of another cor
respondent who supported the union shop
theory. The former presented the well
known views of anti-unionists and insist
ed that the brotherhood should not "dic
tate" to non-brotherhood men or try to
take from them what "rightfully be
longs" to them. This claim is answered
by Editor McNamce of the Magazine in
the following straight-from-the-shouldcr
manner :
"As an expression of the honest views
of its author the foregoing letter is en
titled to space in the Magazine, but the
imperative need of railroad labor today
is the closed shop and the eight-hour
day. The enjoyment by train service em
ployes of humane working conditions and
a square deal in the matter of bearing
the burden of the cost of protection de
pends on the institution of these reforms,
and the sooner they can be established
the better will it be for the railroad
workers. As to keeping the non-brotherhood
fireman from what 'rightfully be
longs' to him, it should be borne in mind
that he would not have either the wages
or the seniority rights he enjo'ys but for
the brotherhood, and that he is simply a
parasite an unprincipled sponger if he
persists in enjoying the benefits and ad
vantages that the brotherhood men have
won while he himself contributes nothing
either in money or effort to aid the
brotherhood in its work. The Brother
hood of Locomotive Firemen and En
ginemen is a business institution and at
this stage of developments, when com
plete organization is so requisite to suc
cess in the coming struggle, the locomo
tive fireman who is obstinately determin
ed to stay out of our brotherhood, al
though eligible to membership therein, is
entitled to no respect from our members,
much less to any solicitude on our part
as to his getting what 'rightfully be
longs to him. If a man of such debased
principle had what really rightfully be
longs to him he would be neither firing
a locomotive nor filling a job as hostler."
Washington. Rubber manufacture in
volves the use of numerous poisonous
substances, says a report on this ques
tion, issued by the United States De
partment of Labor. The dangerous na
ture of some of the compounds used in
the rubber industry is not as yet com
monly known, so that cases of indus
trial poisoning may occur without being
recognized as such and ascribed to their
true cause. Trade secrets make it im
possible to investigate this industry thor
oughly, but enough is known, says the
report, to make it possible to equip and
manage a rubber factory so that ex
posure to the various industrial poisons
will be reduced to an insignificant mini
mum or wholly eliminated. Relatively
little, however, seems to have been done
in this direction.
Detroit, Mich. Trade unionists are
not the only ones who refuse to take
seriously the efforts of John D. Rocke
feller, jr., to smooth over affairs in
Colorado. Mr. Rockefeller recently is
sued a pamphlet, in which he makes
this statement to his Colorado Fuel &
Iron employes :
"You can count upon me as I shall
count upon you for loyal support and co
operation .in the furtherance of our com
mon interests, each one striving to sec
not how much he can get out of the
company, but how much he can put into
it. Tluis all will be benefited and pros
per." The Detroit News, in an editorial,
shatters this beautiful picture thusly:
"Probably young Mr. Rockefeller is
sincere, there is a naive tone to his re
marks. But statistics and history arc
against him. There is, it is true, a
chance for a certain small percentage
of children born to the miners to be
come bosses and attain some degree of
affluence, but the remaining large per
centage however faithful and unselfish
is destined to dark, unending toil. And
to give of oneself without question to
the Rockefeller interests is a program
that no laboring man will be likely to
adont while memory of the Colorado
strike war endures."
Building Commissioner Kcitdirs savs
permits for Sl'-'.iai.WS worth of build
ing improvements have horn issued dur
ing the first ten months of tnc year. 1 1
this average is nmhitained t''c year w!'l
I break the record for construction work
j t present 1011 holds the hieh record,
.with i:i,:i8:i,om worth of improvements.
The Western and Southern Life Insurance Co.
W. J. WILLIAMS, President
Assets Over $9,000,000
Insurance In Force Over $85,000,000
In our Industrial and Ordinary Departments, life insurance on all
approved plans can be secured on insurable risks. Premiums can be
paid weekly, quarterly, semi-annually or annually.
Low Rales, Absolute Security, Prompt Payment of Claims.
Are You Insurable? Life Insurance Eventually Why Not Now?
Columbia, S. C The Columbia State
has again shown it is in the forefront
of thoughtful Southern newspapers by
a defense of the workers' right to or
ganize. Manufacturers are called upon
to reckon with the spirit of the times,
and in referring to the discharge of
several cotton operatives in Greenville,
because they joined the United Textile
Workers' Union, the editor says :
"Collective bargaining by labor is
recognized nearly everywhere in the
United States, and in opposing it is no
more wisdom than would be opposing
movement of the tides or the march of
the seasons."
"To say that textile workers of the
South," continues this paper, "arc pe
culiarly situated, that they and their
work differ from other laboring men
and their employment, so that unioniz
ing them would not help them, is to
challenge the plain facts of labor's his
tory. "If the mill workers of South Caro
lina have in politics flocked together, if
they have sometimes stopped their ears
to the appeals of their real friends, if
they have fallen an easy prey to dema
gogues opposed to every reform de
signed for their betterment, the exnla-
nation is not hard to find. They have
felt that they were neglected and for
gotten. A sense of helplessness and
hopelessness has depressed them, and
they have groped for and grasped at
anything that has promised relief and
strength. Why should anyone oppose
their unionizing? Why should they not
join forces? Let them do so, and as
sure as day comes after night, they will
become self-reliant and gain freedom
from a demagogic domination. They
will learn and know that fellow citizens
engaged in other work are not their
enemies and oppressors.
"The mill workers have the right to
unionize. Their unionizing can not and
ought not to be prevented. It will make
them better citizens and better men. It
will in time make them freer and
stronger. That is enough for The
Washington. Comptroller of the
Currency Williams has mailed a letter
to all national banks calling attention
to the law against usury.
"This office," says the letter, "regrets
to report that the sworn statement of
condition of a great many national
banks show that Section MOT, U. S. Re
vised Statutes, against usury, has been
grossly violated by these banks.
"You arc respectfully advised and ad
monished that this provision of the Na
tional Bank Act should be faithfully ob
served by all national banks, their offi
cers and directors, in accordance with
the solemn oaths taken by directors.
"You arc requested to read this letter
at the next meeting of your board of
directors, and to have it inscribed upon
the minutes, and to send a copy of this
letter to every member of your board
who may not be present at such meet
ing." In a speech last month the Federal
Bank official called attention to the
usurious practices of certain national
banks, which charged, in some cases, as
high as 2,-tOO per cent.
"Here in this country," he said, "we
find bankers, men in business who
should be the most respectable, as it is
the most responsible of all secular
avocations, literally crushing the faces
of their neighbors, deliberately fasten
ing their fangs in the very heart of
MEN Consult DR. MACKENBACH, p.&S..
When selecting your physician for the treatment of your ailment, KK
MK.MHKH Dr. Mackenbacb is the only Specialist in Cincinnati who advertises
the treatment of AUiMKXTS OF MKX who is a l'OST-GltADUATK in this
special line of treatment. Sufferers from all AILMENTS PKCUIilAH TO
MKX, lately or of long standing, should come to see me at once. I give you
the benefit of my many years' experience in the treatment of these special
ailments, together with the experience and knowledge gained during my New
York l'OST-GHADUATK and CIjIXIC studies.
606 and 914 .SSfft: No. 1 1 W. Fifth St.
OFFICE llOUHS : 10 a. in. to -t ii. in.; Fridays ami Sundays, 9 to 12
n. in.; Mon., Wed. and Saturday Evenings, 7 to 8 ami by Appointment.
Mima Hnymoiiri,
The Cincinnati Girl with Rube Bern
stein's "Follies of Pleasure."
Chicago. "The Real Jail Problem" is
the subject of a booklet published by the
Juvenile Protective Association in an
effort to save victims of the law's delay.
It is stated that about S.COO persons are
annually sent to the county jail and only
about 1.G00 are found guilty. What of
the nearly 7,000 others, is asked? What
of those who have become jailbirds and
suffered the penalty of imprisonment be
cause they were too poor to provide
bonds? It is stated that 15,000 persons
are committed to the house of correction
every year, and that the vast majority
of them are there not because they have
been found guilty of offenses deserving
a house of correction sentence, but be
cause they were too poor to pay the
small fines assessed against them.
Discussing this subject, the booklet
shows :
"In 1013, S2 per cent; in 1912, S2 per
cent; in 1911 and 1910, about SG per cent
of all the prisoners in the house of cor
rection had been committed solely for
the non-payment of fines. It is scarcely
necessary to point out that ultimately
these fines are paid not only by the men
and their families in suffering and priva
tion, but also by the taxpayers who sup
port the institution."
To correct these evils, it is recommend
ed that :
"Persons accused of crime should be
placed on probation when unable to se
sure bonds.
"A different jail should be used for
persons awaiting trial than the one for
persons sentenced.
"A county jail should be a place of de
tention only for the few persons who
cannot safely be released pending trial.
"A sentenced prisoner should be given
an opportunity to work outdoors and a
chance for improvement."
Ql'lltV. Springfield, 111. The commission re
cently appointed by Governor Dunne to
investigate the causes of unemployment
has elected as its chairman President
Walker, of the State Federation of
IWIXT. It dries perfectly flat without
lustre, washed and cleaned like tile.
Color folder free. Buy it from your
dealer, or
Pcnrl and Main St., Cincinnati, O.

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