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The labor advocate. [volume] (Cincinnati, Ohio) 1912-1937, May 20, 1916, Image 3

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Workers in the Iron
and Steel Industry
Organize! Reduce Hours! Increase Wages!
1 lundreds of thousands of workers in
the iron and steel industry arc practically
held in subjection by powerful and mer
ciless corporations.
The wanes paid make American stand
ards impossible and workers arc com
pelled to live in a poverty that shortens
life, degrades manhood and destroys
Hours of labor range from ten to
fourteen per day. These long hours sap
the energy and vitality of low-wage
workers, who become an easy prey of
accident and disease, and vigorous men
become physically broken down at an
early age.
The sanitary working conditions are
of the worst and preventable diseases
arc common. Authorities agree that the
number of injuries and deaths arc large
ly due to the unprotected machinery in
these mills and to the brutal driving and
speeding up by officials.
These conditions must be changed.
The price being paid by toilers in blood,
bone and self-respect is too great for the
mere chance to work under inhuman
The time to act is now! Crystallize
the present discontent against long
hours and low wages by joining with
your fellows under the banner of the
American Federation of Labor.
Organize, unite and establish the
Eight-Hour Day in the iron and steel
industry of this country!
Over" two million men and women
toilers arc now organized under the
American Federation of Labor. They
comprise every industry, trade and call
ingboth skilled and unskilled.
Regardless of politics, color, nation
ality, religion or sex these toilers have
united, reduced hours, increased wages,
and protected life and limb in shop,
null, lactory and mine.
Street sweepers and teachers, hodcar
riers and cigarmakers, janitors and ma
chinists, common laborers and printers,
moldcrs and building trades workers
these and others arc united in one grand
fraternity under the American Federa
tion of Labor.
Workers in the iron and steel industry,
you can change your life of drudgery
and toil! The American Federation of
Labor stands ready to help you organize
and secure an eight-hour day, a jiving
wage and improved working conditions.
.Meetings will be held in your locality
and you arc urged to attend and join
the union. Get in touch with the repre
sentatives of the American Federation
of Labor who will confer with you and
address meetings. Learn bow to organ
ize and bow to use your collective
Xcvcr before has there been such an
opportunity to organize and improve
conditions. If you would protect your
own rights and promote your own inter
ests, the time and opportunity is NOW !
Fellow workers, give heed. Let the
spirit of unity and fraternity sink deep
into your hearts and minds. Demand
the Eight-Hour Day. Organize, Unite,
Federate !
Sa.m'i. Gompeus,
President, A. F. of L.
I'uaxic Morrison,
Secretary, A. F. of L.
The most potent and beneficent forces
are the stillest. The strength of a sen
tence is not in its adjectives, but in its
verbs and nouns, and the strength of
union men and of unions is in their calm,
sane, meditative moments. In a time of
noise and hurry and materialism the gos
pel of the still small voice is always sea
sonable. Ex.
Itl'Ab 1-lllliAXTIlOI-V.
The best kind of philanthropy is that
which helps people to help themselves.
In this sense organized labor is practi
cally philanthropic. It cultivates self
dependence, self-efficiency and self-aspiration.
Till-: KW10AT SIKH'.
Chicago. Railroad managers have
named their conference committees who
will meet representatives of the four
railroad brotherhoods in Xcw York,
June 1, to discuss the eight-hour demand
of freight service employes. The man
agers' committees will consist of seven
teen members, including six representa
tives from the Western railroads, six
from the Eastern and five from the
Cases in the medical books show that
somnambulists have walked as far as
liftccn miles in their sleep.
Plow, Soclh 1367-R lid lunch from 9 to 12 A. M'
He dqaarten Tree full of Owli
Wm. Keiley's Cafe "S
Pool r.ocm and Eowlinj Allejrs Connected
27 West Southern Avenue
Latonla Station CO V1NGTON, KY
When you argue a case with a man
don't deal too much with his motives,
lest be impugn your own, and when it
comes to that one simply dives down
to the depravity of the human heart
which is too deep for the truth to reach.
The only way to argue is to assume your
opponent is honest and sincere and when
you do that you .show respect for your
own logic. One gains nothing if be
argues about motive ; for then he only
gets into a mire where he himself sticks
among the poisonous weeds and mud
pythons. So if you think your opponent
is governed by bad motives let him
alone. Even if you prove that he is un
der the sway of bad motives, where docs
it leave you? With a weakened faith in
human nature, and that is never to one's
advantage. Ohio State Journal.
East Chicago, I ml. A change of man
agement by the Edwards Valve and
Manufacturing Company has resulted in
a settlement of the machinists' strike at
that plant. Wages arc increased J.'i per
cent and shorter workday provisions arc
agreed to. The new manager has prom
ised to recommend that an injunction
secured against these workers be dis
solved and that the expense of same be
borne by the company.
Never be dismayed at the failure of
your plans ; find the reason, and attack
the problem with stronger weapons next
Let the workers keep in their own
hands and under their immediate control
regulation of matters that vitally affect
industrial welfare. Organizations of
workers aware of their own interests
and alert to further that which promotes
their own welfare arc more capable of
steadily securing wider opportunities and
better things than any outside agents to
whom this responsibility can be dele
gated. The way to industrial betterment
and progress and freedom lies in our
well-tried policy Educate! Agitate! Or
ganize ! President Gompers.
lill'l' AND LI.MII DAN(Ji:i IN IX
The increasing danger to life and limb
involved in the pursuit of industrial oc
cupations has become so great that the
necessity of doing everything feasible to
keep it" within the narrowest possible
limits is clearly evident. We arc living
in a constructive era. Articles are being
manufactured in greater numbers and
variety than ever before in the world's
history. More and more machinery is
constantly being used, and more and
more persons are being employed in fac
tories, mills and workshops.
The toll of human life and limb being
exacted by modern industry has reached
such startling proportions as to be a seri
ous menace to our national welfare.
That it is so recognized is evidenced by
the increasing number of laws made to
protect life and health, and the marked
tendency shown to fix the legal respon
sibility "for accidents. Harry C. Hoff
man, "in Wyoming Weekly Labor Jour
The sweat shop saps the vitality of the
humblest worker in the industries ; it
deprives him of fresh air and sunlight;
it is a breeding-place of contagious dis
ease. The white plague, known as tuber
culosis, nourishes in these dens of in
iquity. The sweat shop reduces the worker to
a condition of servitude, and robs him
of the last vestige of independence. It
means long hours and low wages, com
bined with poor sanitary conditions ; it
is a species of wage slavery based on in
dustrial injustice.
The sweat shop robs childhood of sun
shine and the playground : it retards the
mental and physical development of the
children. It is a national disgrace and
a reproach on modern civilization.
The work in the sweat shop com
mences early in the morning and ends
late in the evenings ; there is no closing
hour. It is a perpetual grind engulfed
in a helpless and hopeless industrial
The trade union movement has an im
perative duty to perform. The wage
slaves toiling in the sweat shops of the
country have to be rescued from the in
ferno in which their spirits are crushed,
their health sacrificed. The lowest paid
and hardest pressed workers in the so
cial scale arc entitled to full considera
tion. It is of equal importance to the
general welfare to save the sweat shop
workers from destruction and raise their
wages as it is to raise the wages of the
best paid workers.
In the State of New York, where the
sweating svstcm in the tenement bouses
is growing constantly, the adverse de
cisions of the courts in past years have
nullified legislation tending to eliminate
this growing evil. Nothing short of a
constitutional amendment by the legisla
ture and organization seems to be able
to prevent the continuation and exten
sion of these dens of infamy and degra
dation. Cigarmakers' Journal.
I'altimore, Md. After negotiating
with an employer for nearly three weeks,
sixty-eight members of the Pad Makers'
Union, No. I.'j.OOS, were forced to sus
pend work. Cutters are paid as low as
.$10 a week, and girls receive on an aver
age of $l..i() for a ten-hour day.
Horn Tired.
The editor of a western labor paper
recently said that President Gompers
was one of the first to sec the danger of
depending on legislation for things that
organized labor should get by its own
power, and that many experiences have
shown his warnings were well grounded.
There is a lot of opportunity for reflec
tion in this statement. The more law
makers are encouraged to interfere by
making special laws, the more compli
cated the laws arc apt lo become, the
more liberty will be restricted, the more
boards and commissions there will be to
support, and the less able wage earners
will be to work out their own salvation
in their own way, through their own
organizations. If wage earners arc loyal
to each other, through their trade unions,
they will not need to call upon the out
siders so often for assistance, which is
very often of a doubtful nature. Okla
homa Federationist.
The labor union is an assembly of in
dividuals. Unless its members arc im
bued with the spirit of unionism, how
can the union prevail? A thousand geese
could not produce one ostrich plume. A
thousand union members seeking only
their own selfish interests could never
inspire a single spark of unionism.
Constitutions, resolutions, programs,
propagandas and puerile paraphernalia
are of little use unless utilized by earn
est union adherents.
The man who carries a union card lie
docs not respect, or who makes no effort
to get others to join his union, or who
stays away from the meetings of his
union without good reason, or who
shirks any duty he owes his union, or
who buys'non-union goods when he can
get the' union kind, is as useless to his
union as a goose in an ostrich farm.
West Virginia Federationist.
A Host (ill Hnee.
The office boy in our printing office
this morning rushed in with the infor
mation that a very much excited lady
waited outside.
"Take her to the composing room for
a minute, boy." said the boss. Louis
ville Herald.
Hitch Your v. aeon
to a Star. That'
Vaudeville. Cabaret.
Smittic's Prize
Now Open for its Greatest
Season of Clean Entertainment
Moving Pictures.
Band Concerts.
Bathing Beach the best west of Atlantic City. 1,001 Great Amusement Features,
featuring "STELLA," The Tango Girl, and "THE WHIP."
"lie wuz ho'n too tired ter git outcn
his own way." said the old colored
brother. "De only exercise he ever gits
is fallin' from grace, an' atter he falls
he's too tired ter git up!"Atlanta Constitution.
Union Made j
542 Main Street j
Chas. Moeves
Manufacturer of the
Sftocs matte to fit all deformities
14 E. 10th St , Newport, Ky. Tel. South 574-L
Chicken and Steak Dinners,
$1.00 per plate.
Telephone. Ridge 1020.
Norwood. Ohio.
He is the personification of the quality
and workmanship that goes into
Republic Rubber Co.
20 E. Ninth St.
Tel., filial 5470 CINCINNATI, 0.
linvy is about the most silly and use
less of all the vices. The envious per
son is the most miserable of all human
beings. He nourishes vipers which sting
and devour him, is the enemy of all and
inllicts mortal wounds on charity, out
rages nature, which produces only that
which is good, and grace, which can not
act in concert or allv itself with am
evil. Ex.
Columbus, O. State Superintendent
of Public Instruction Pearson is opposed
to too much ado about report and score
cards and other statistical work by
"It is far better to be a maker of sta- i
tistics than a mere gatherer of statis
tics," he says. "Indeed, this whole mat
ter of statistics is incidental to the big
work of teaching. It is one thing to be
a technician and quite another to be a
leader and a teacher. Uur best service
to the schools will come w'hen wc exalt
the teacher and the teaching to the high
est degree and reduce the machinery to
the last degree of simplicity."
Advising a I leg inner.
"So you're going in for public speak
ing?" "Yes."
"Well, make up your mind that you
can say more in half an hour than you
can in two hours." Detroit Free Press.
Tlic liiire.
"How can she marry him, knowing
that he's dissipated?"
"Hut his fortune isn't. Boston Tran
script. Her Keenest.
lie I want to tell you a joke about
She lie sure it isn't over my bead.
Cornell Widow.
Cutting; l'vpense.s.
Knicker Arc you cutting down ex
penses ?
Mrs. Knicker Yes; I am paying only
half the bills. Puck.
Teacher What is the feminine of
Smart Girl Pupil Heiress! London
The wise man moves next door to a
family whose income is less than his.
Chicago Herald.
5 '
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