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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Labor Chiefs of Both Nations Suggest Arbitration Board An Appeal To Be Issued the Government and People of the United States and Mexico By Labor Leaders of Both Countries. Washington. An appcnl to the Gov ernment and tlic people of the United States and Mexico to do everything possible to avoid war was issued to night by a joint committee of officials of organized labor in the two coun tries, which has been in session here at headquarters of the American Federa tion of Labor. It is suggested that a commission of Mexicans and Americans be appointed to adjust existing differences, which arc declared due to "misunderstanding growing()Ut of inadequate or incorrect information." The labor leaders announced that while they hoped to hold another con ference at which the workers of the two countries should be more generally represented, they had decided to post pone it until the present crisis had passed The appeal, signed bv President Samuel Gompcrs, Secretary Frank Mor rison, Treasurer John 1!. Lennon and the eight Vice Presidents of the American Federation, and bv C. l-o-veira, Italtaznr Pages, L. N. Monies, S. Gonzalo Garcia and IMmuudo 12. Mar tinez "for the organized workers .of Mexico," says: "We hold this to be fundamental No relations between our countries can be permanent that are not based upon the will of the masses of the people and in accord with their concepts of jus Wllili I'KOTKCT KlltlO.MKX. Denver, Col. The convention of the Ilrothcrhood of Locomotive Firemen and Fngincmcu has voted greater power to its president in cases where members are charged with criminal negligence in con nection with wrecks. The delegates ex pressed no sympathy for the man whose neglect causes loss of life or property, but they intimate that there have been cases were public officials, at the instig ation of railroad companies, would not be averse to prosecuting a fireman, there by relieving the company of resnonsi- 1nlityt"tfthcy wuresure.tlie-fircnian .was- not financially able to defend liunsell. KAVOH A.MAI.fiA.MATIO.V. Washington. The executive council of the American Federation of Labor has declared in favor of amalgamating the Ilrothcrhood of Railway Clerks and the freight handlers. At the council's quarterly meeting President Forrester of the former organization asked that the clerks' jurisdiction be extended to the freight handlers. It was voted, how ever, that an amalgamation would prove more effective and that a conference be held in Chicago in the near future for the purpose of carrying into effect this recommendation. A representative ol the A. F. of L. will participate in the conference. .mi:at cutthus awaki;. Philadelphia. The Amalgamated As sociation of Meat Cutlers anil liutcher Workmen is assisting local workers in this calling, who have been on strike for several weeks to enforce the following rates : For first-class workmen, X! cents an hour ; for second-class, !!() cents and for third class, 'J8 cents; la borers, $1 1 for a week of not more than .Mi hours, and time and one-half for overtime. The employers arc advertising for learners, who are promised !i- cents an hour. Before the strike these employers paid this rate to tiieir highest skilled meat cutters. .MACHINISTS UKIH'CK IIOlTltS. Rochester. X. V. Machinists have compromised their strike against the American Laundry Machiner) company They were working .11 hours a week and have reduced this to 5'J'j hours. BOEDEKER'S Old Reserve Bourbon or Rye Whisky 8 Years Old $1.00 I FULL QUART H. Boedeker 508-10 Main Street TlWiirhcr'5 ki.mkm: V'irr ?uWn JWiulrj tice. We deem it an essential step to ward democracy and justice that there shall be established for the masses who have hitherto been without regu lar agencies for expressing their views and desires opportunities that will en able them to have a voice in helping to determine international affairs. "The labor movements of the vari ous countries constitute the instru mentalities that can best accomplish this purpose and give expression to na tional ideas and convictions that have been too long inarticulate and impo tent. We direct that the President of the American Federation of Labor and the official representatives of organ ized labor of Mexico should keep in touch through correspondence and that they be authorized to carry out the purposes specified in this'declaration. "In joint conference as the repre sentatives of the workers, the masses of our respective countries, we urge upon our government to adjust exist ing differences without war and to es tablish conditions conducive to perma nent peace with justice. "We appeal to the workers and all of the people of the United States and of Mexico to do everything within their power to promote correct 'understand ing of purposes and actions; to prevent friction, to encourage good' will and to effect a harmonious co-operation in the establishing of our mutual welfare. RIGHTS OF AMERICANS DENIEDBY INJUNCTION Indianapolis. "The government of the United States, through congress, has said that 'the labor power of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce, says the United Mine Workers Journal. "Hut, while this human labor power, which includes the worker himself, is conceded by the federal government, not 'tlic property of any except the worker himself, to grant or withhold, singly or collectively, ;as he- decides,- many-of 'the judges" of state or district courts still hold the contrary to be the fact. In no state in the Union can there lie any written law to justify such a position; the laws of equity, defined in every other country, and now by the govern ment of the United States as only ap plying to property disputes when irre trievable damage may lie done, and for which there is no other redress, is based on what is known as the common law, based on the laws of chancery of the moiiarchial governments. "We hold that the expression of the government of this country on the status of a citizen within this country must be binding in every state. "We have always maintained that the writ of injunction when applied to the labor power of human beings was only based upon usurped power; yet it was found necessary to enact a supplement ary law to wrench this usurped power from the hands of venal, ignorant or subservient fedcriil judges. It may be best to demand laws, conforming witt. the law of the country, in all of the states. "In the meantime we do not believe it best to submit to injustice through usurped power. "We hold it is the right and duty of all the workers to disregard the claim of property right in labor power even when allowed liy the erinincd servitors of the employers. "It may mean imprisonment for sonic, but only by determined resistance can we hope to call attention to the injustice of this assumed power." OPPOSK INJUNCTION ICI'IjH. Cincinnati. Trade unionists in this state are preparing to put the question of injunction rule squarely before the people for decision at the coming fall elections. The stale federation of labor executive council declaration that the trade union movement make this ques tion paramount to all others is having its effect. The executive council says : "Under extension of the powers of equity court injunctions have been is sued against workers denying to them the constitutional rights of free assem blage, free speech and the freedom of the press." The executive council is calling on trade unionists to investigate the attitude of all legislative candidates on this question. Miller's Park and Summer Resort Cabaret Every Evening Come out and try our Famous Fish Frys and Bakes End of Sedamsville Car Line Phone, Warsaw 212 LABOR WOULD INITIATE BILL To Mulus State Insurance Monopoly Complete Tollers Fear Present liiiw Is In Danger. Issue To He Taken Up In Democratic I'latl'orni Coy Says Administra tion Is As L'nfiiendly To Art As Jt Is Friendly To Plot Against It. Columbus, O. From two different bodies will spring movements to bring about a change in the workmen's com pensation law by reason of the partial decision of the Supreme Court with reference to it. It was predicted today by those in a position to know that the State Federa tion of Labor will initiate a bill to make the state monopoly in workmen's com pensation complete, eliminating the pro vision which gives large employers of labor a chance to carry their own in dustrial insurance. Kindred sections that seem to confer even limited authority for the liability insurance companies to participate in the system are certain to be included in the proposed repealer. Kent' Ijiiw Is In Danger. At the bottom of the early discussion of the movement is a story of wide spread feeling on the part of toilers, which has been noted in many quar ters, that despite all the avowals that have been made, the workmens com pensation law is in danger and is likely to fall by a process of slow strangula tion or to be perverted so that its orig inal friends will not recognize it. While the initiated bill that is sug gested could not be piU before the voters until 11117, the situation has been brought about by the famous rilling of Superintendent of Insurance Frank Tag gart, and the partial interpretation of the law is to be employed as an issue by the Democrats in their fall can vass. On authority it is stated that reference to the matter will surely lie made in the Democratic state platform to be adopted next month. Whether the party will go so far as to promise the elimination of the self-insurance feature is doubhtful, hut it is apparently determined on the liability insurance question. To Preserve liinv, Cox Says. In speaking of the matter, former Governor James M. Cox, during whose administration the present law was written, indicated that the utterances on the subject will be held within the proprieties in recognition of the fact that questions are still pending in ' the Supreme Court. However, if it should be finally held that there is any right under the constitution or statutes to give any company the right to insure against willful act or violation of law, the former Governor will head a move ment to change the law or constitution to conform to the original intention of the framers. "Our platform," said the Governor, "should be plain in letting the people understand that we will preserve and not destroy the law. There is a wide spread feeling that the present state ad ministration is as unfriendly to the law as it is friendly to the plot to destroy it. There is a feeling in nearly every shop in the state that unless something is done, the law will be destroyed eventu ally." KKillT-IIOlMt DAV CiltANTKD Ity Purl ol' Shops ami Machinists Iteturii To Work. Philadelphia, July .1. It was announc ed at union headquarters today that some of the employers had granted the de mands of the striking machinists and that ;i,i)il(l men had returned to work on an eight-hour basis, with time and a half for overtime. About -1,1)00 men are still out, most of them on picket duty, according to lead ers of the strike, who added that be tween :t,0(M) and I.UOO skilled workmen had left to accept positions in other cities. Fmploycrs contradict the figures of union officials, maintaining that only a negligible number of machinists have quit work. The strike, which was call ed last Saturday by the Machinists' In ternational Association, has had no se rious effect, the employers declare. Statements contained in an advertise ment last week and signed bv 0." large concerns that it is impossible to grant an eight-hour day were reaffirmed. uioyrr.sr rivn ckxt inckkakk. Yonkers, N. Y. Motorincn and con ductors of the Yonkers, Mount Vernon it New Kochelle street railway system have presented a request for a wane in crease of A cents an hour. These work ers are members of the Amalgamated Street Car Men's union. 'TIS FALSE! NO PLOT EXISTS To Down Ohio Workmen's Act, As serts Willis At Least Republic ans Are Xot Involved, Ooveriior Declares In His Iteply to Tames Co.v. Decision of Democratic Supreme Court Shows His Interpretation Is Correct, lO.veeutive Declares. Columbus, O., July ,1. Prompt de fense of the State administration was made today by Governor Frank II. Wil lis against the charge of former Gover nor James M. Cox that the destruction of the Workmen's Compensation law is contemplated. Governor Willis referred to the fact that on the membership of the Ohio Supreme Court, which gave a part interpretation of the law, arc four Democrats, two Republicans and one In dependent. The Chief Justice, he says, was named by former Governor Cox himself. "It mav also be noted," he says, "that former Governor 1 larmon was one of the able counsel appearing in this case." Governor Willis raises the question of whether the former Governor means to "repudiate all these eminent jurists." Ite continues: "The Republican nartv and the present Republican Administration arc strongly in favor of the Workmen's Compensation law; Republicans arc defi nitely pledged to its maintenance and will support only such amendments to the law as will strengthen it and in crease the benefits enjoyed under it by workingmen smd their families. If there is anv 'plot' against the law it is not a Rcmiblican plot. "In the campaign of 1911 it was charged by Governor Cox and his friends that if the Republicans came into nowcr the Workmen's Compensa tion law would be destroyed. This has not occurred ; on the contrary, the work men of Ohio are enjoying larger bene fits under the law than ever before; 50 per cent more claims have been allowed in the past six months than in any simi lar period since the law was enacted. Republicans have administered and in terpreted the law as they found it, and their interpretation has been sustained by the Sunrcmc Court. "The claim that the law is about to be destroyed was made in 1014 for po litical effect. The claim was as empty then as it is false and foundationlcss now." li.AltOlt lKADKItS AMtKSTICD. Three Are Charged With Murder in Connect ion Willi Strike. Virginia, Minn., July .". W. D. Scar lett, a leader of the Industrial Workers of the World, and another leader nam ed Schmidt, were arrested here today on a charge of murder in connection, it is stated, with the double killing recently at liiwabik, where mine workers arc on a strike. A third I. W. W. leader, Leo Alh grccn, was arrested today at Chisholni on a charge of murder in connection with the liiwabik clash. All three lead ers were taken to Dultith tonight. War rants for the arrest of several others have been issued. A number of strikers returned to work today, it was said, and the author ities expect no further serious disturb ances. UNION RIGGERS ADDRESSED Thomas McManus, Frank Clark, Thomas Kelly and Harry Schreiber last .Monday night at Cosmopolitan Hall made addresses to members of Rig gers, Wreckers and Machinery Movers' Union, who are on strike at the Fen ton Rigging Company and the Bishop Rigging Company. Kelly said the strikers voted not to return to work until their demands are granted. He said the American Rigging Company had signed an agreement with the union. THE HERANCOURT Brewing Co. STRICTLY UNION LAGER COAL The Most Economical Fuel at the Rifj'Ht Price THE QUEEN CITY COAL CO. PRIVATE EXCHANGE WEST 282Q The Star Union Baking Co. Strictly "JL-- Union 119 W. Canal St. CINCINNATI, 0. Workman's Hall Now Opened By BILLY WULFTANGE Halls For All Occasions Hauck'a Beer On Draught WEBER'S CAFE AND GARDEN BOWLING ALLEYS CONNECTED End of Oakley Car Line INGALLS STONE GO. CONTRACTORS ERECTING STONE AND STEEI. ON NEW COURT HOUSE Telephone West 3002-L Strictly Union Goods FRED JOHNSON:: CAFE Billiards and Pool MOERLEIN'S BEER S. E. Cor. 15th and Central Avenue SGHIFF'S lor Mware COTLERY. TOOLS. WORTING GOODS DECORATION GOODS GAS LIGHTING SUPPLIES, ETC. 1503-5 Central Ave. 121-3 W. Fifth SI. Standard Marble Works John M. Mueller, Jr., Pnor. Importer, Producer and Worker In Marble and Onyx tor Interior and Exterior ot Uullillntrs and Church Work MarbleTlle and Marble Mosaic Floors. Ceramic nnd Encaustic, Tile and Terrazzo Floors Estimates Cheerfully furnished to all parts of the United Stales and Canada. The Foltz Grocery and Baking Company 23 Pure Food Stores The biggest loaf of "Union Made" Bread in the city for 4 cents From Factory to Home BUTLER BROS'. AND EBERSOLE'S PLAYER-PIANOS AND PIANOS We Saia You the Middleman's Profits. Cash or Time BUTLER BROS. PIANO MFG.' CO. 21 to 27 W. HcMicken Ave., bel. Vine and Race B. FLAMM'S CAFE and HALL ELDER AND McMICKEN AVE. Phone Canal 4617-Y STRICTLY UNION GOODS Advocates of True Temperance Buy their Wines and Liquors from 336 West Sixth Street Cincinnati, Ohio STRICTLY UNION .