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THE LABOR ADVOCATE'
Refusal of Garment Workers To Sign Agreement Attended by Renewed Disorder. City Employes Organize at Pittsburg, and Leave Jobs to Demand Higher Wages. Xcw Vork, July 2(i. Gafmcnt workers rejected the agreement eiitcrcil into by their leaders with the Garment Manu facturers' Association and were ordeied hack on strike today by Benjamin Schlcsingcr, jnesident of thtf workers' union. Refusal of the striking garment work ers to ratify the agreement was due to failure to provide for arbitration of dif ferences by a disinterested board, it was learned tonight. Robert W. Bruerc, former city cham berlain, who has acted in an advisory capacity for the workers, said the re volt clearly demonstrated "that it is im possible to arrive at an agreement that will be fair alike to employers and to workers, and that will secure durable peace, without the intervention of a board of arbitration in which the pub lic is adequately represented." SHAMEFUL CONDITIONS IN SOUTHERN ILLINOIS Chicago. C. M. Brown, stale deputy inspector of factories, reports on the shameful conditions under which strik ing metal miners at Rosiclare, llardm County, live. The state official says that the houses arc built about four feet from the ground on1 posts or rocks piled on top of one another with no cement or mortar betwen them. "The cisterns," he continues, "arc lo cated between each two houses, the gut ters on the houses arc wood, the down spouts are wood and arc rotted off just- auovc tnc ground, winch leaves dirt, nugs ana mtii go into tlie cistern. 1 hey strain all the water through cloth before using it and then it is not it to wash in, let alone dripk. The furnishings in these homes are' awful, no screens 'or win dows, and T never saw more flics around the stock yards than I saw there. No carpets, no pictures, nothing but beds, a few chairs, table and stove is aboul all they have, all except the men folks barefooted. The water closets arc about 50 feet back of the houses, no walk leading td same, no fences' around place. It would make one's heart, sick to sec how thev have td live and' to tliink that they wSuld have i to Strike in order tp ; get a small raise in order to live. The Illinois trade union movement is assisting these workers, who were forc ed on strike because of poor working conditions, low wages and a 12-hour da. The Farmers' Union of this state is also rendering valuable assistance. In a letter to the organized farmers of Hardin County officers of the state branch say: "With the eyes of the whole state upon you, we feci that you will aid these striking brothers of toil by every means in your power." MACHINISTS VICTIMIZKI). Allcntown, Pa. Because the Interna tional Motor Company discharged the shop committee representing organized machinists, every member of this craft employed in the plant has suspended woik to force the reinstatement of the victimized unionists. GEO. SCHAFER'S CAFE Hopple and Beckman St. FINS WINES AND WHISKIES Specially, Fine Soup Every Day. Served Free Strictly Union. Phone, West 244B-L . i MOZART HALL LOUIS HELML1NG, Proprietor UNION 1313-1315 Walnut Si., Cincinnati GOODS Phone Canal 4S72-R Hull for 1'uionn ami Socio' re Ilcml martc- ol llakfry and Confectionery Workers' Union No. 213 and I'crtlinatid I.ass.illc Club Chas. Moeves Manufacturer of the IMPROVED EXTENSION SHOE Shoe made to fit alt deformities 14 E. lOlti Si , N.-wporl, Ky. Tel Soulh 574-L S ANKER'S GARDEN CABARET EVERY EVENING. Chicken and Steak Dinners, $1.00 pi-r plate. Telephone, Ridge 1P20. Norwood Ohio. u'tE CflKSTlEIR FREE! Vaudeville. Cabaret. Smittle's Prize Bathing Beach the best west of Atlantic City. 1,001 Great Amusement Features, leaturlne "STELLA," Tho Tango Girl, and "THE WHIP." DANCING. The strike, together with a lockout in volving in all OO.ouo workers, has tied up the garment-working industry in this city longer than three months The action refusing tp latify the agreement reached by their leaders was taken by the members of the union to day at a mass meeting attended by scenes of disorder. Schlcsingcr and other leaders were denounced by the woikcrs for "betraying" them by con senting to the agreement. Police re serves had to be called out to quiet the disoidcr. More than 10,000 of the work ers jammed the hall or the streets ad joining. The agreement had been described by leaders as offering many concessions to the workers. After its rejection by the workers President Schlcsingcr said that there was nothing to do but continue the strike. COMMUTE URGES A WRITERS' UNION Xcw Yoik. The committee on affilia tion to the American Federation of La bor of the Author's League of America has issued a statement setting forth the advantages writers would get fiom be ing unionized. The question will be sub mitted to a referendum vote of the lea gue's members. The claim that affiliation with indus trial workers would "lower the dignity" of authors is answered as follows by the commmcc : "The signers of this report believe that if they, as individuals, have dig nity, it comes from their work and per sonal characters. If they do not have it they have forfeited it because of their woik or their personal character; and being affiliated with the Amciican Fed eration of Labor will not harm or help their dignity. Your committee feels that dignity in any true meaning of the word depends upon one's sense of self-respect ; and that self-respect, in turn de pends very largely upon whether one is working under fair conditions "for fair payment. Since your committee believes that affiliation will help improve con ditions of authorship, ;pur, fipmmittqc believes' that it will' help "increase dig nity of the truest sort." With practically the entire motion picture industry unionized, with the en tire dramatic field except the authois organized, the committee asserts that should the Authors' League also affiliate to the American Federation of Labor these other organizations would join the authors' in correcting evils in the motion-picture and dramatic fields. Further more, tlie committee says, tlie league would have the moral support of 2,300, (100 trade unionists. Affiliation to the A. F. of L., accord ing to the committee's statement, would help the league in four of its most im portant purposes and pioblcms. It would give the league more power to correct abuses prevalent in the motion picture field; it would aid the league in its negotiations for standard contracts in the publishing, magazine, and the atrical business; would help, the league in us endeavor 10 secure universal copy right and to put the United States in the International Copyright League, thereby automatically securing world wide protection for any matter copy righted in America; and it would aid the league in procuring other legislation which may be desirable to secure the lights of authors. WANT KIOHT OF l'UHMCITV. Olympia, Wash. Trade unionists in this state are endeavoring to secure, through the referendum, the repeal of a so-called "auti-pickcting" law, passed by the last legislature. ' "Legislative Agent Hughes of the state federation of labor, says the law pro hibits the use of newspapers by strikers, and that "the very things that this bill says working men can .not do, the na tional law says the workers may do," 1 under tlie labor sections of the Clayton law. OIM'O.SH KIGHT-IIOUK DAY. San Francisco. The San Francisco Restaurant Men's Association has re solved against the eight-hour day, fa vored by their organized employes. The restaurant and hotel men say "the time is inopportune " The workers have been conducting an organizing campaign and announce their intention of reducing the 10-hour day to eight. The move ment includes cooks, waiters and cooks' helpers. Now Open for Its Greatest Season of Clean Entertainment Moving Picture! Sand Concerts. Etc. FREE! CLUB HOUSC CUISINE THE VEttY BEST. 'NO STRIKE" SCHEME FAILS Denver, Colo. Over L00 cracker bak ers, employed by two large companies, are on strike for higher wages and im proved working conditions, as a result of the stale industrial commission's re fusal to support their demands. Under the law it is illegal for work ers in this state to strike prior to 110 days' notice to -the commission, 'on .the theory that "both sides will cool off." The bakers complied with the law and the commission investigated. The com panies told them competition with east ern concerns made the request impos sible. Despite high freight rates to the west and the increased cost of living in Colorado, the commission favored the employers. The workers declined to "cool off." They suspended work. Shortly afterwards the companies for got their claims regarding eastern com petition and offered to increase wages if the strikers would abandon their un ion. As an extra inducement the com panies offered to install "welfare plans," similar to the Rockefeller "union." Both offers were unanimously rejected bv the i woikcrs, two-thirds of whom are wom en and girls. The companies are advcitising for "help" without including the statement that strikes exist in their plants. This is in violation of the state law. Cue of the struck concerns attempted, last summer, to deduct from the pay of its employes the cost of insurance under the workmen's compensation law. The woikcrs organized as a result and since then have been affiliated to the Interna tional Union of Bakery and Confection ery Workers. "i'UOTKCriNO" TIIK 1'OOK. New York. The New York Associa tion for Improving the Condition of the Poor is a rather well-rounded title, but it justifies its existence by the discovery that a man or, rather a "poor" man need spend only $2!!.20 a year for cloth ing. The list includes one suit, valued at $10, and one pair of trousers that costs $2. If the unexpected happens to these necessary garments, the associa tion saitb not. One necktie at 23 cents, one pair of suspenders at 23 cents, and four collars at 30 cents is included in the year's raiment. The association figures that a woman's needs can be supplied at a 'cost of -13 cents less than the man's. An even half dollar difference would probably be classed as extravagance. , Aijernnouiicing, ,its, iscoycry, t,he association' gives this somewhat needless advice: "Clothes should be bought for use and not for display." l;Alt()K IS NOT A COMMOIMTV. Washington. In a speech in the House of Representatives on the labor sections of the Clayton law, Congress man Lewis, a member of the labor group, said : "Everybody understands that Section 7 would have been written into the Sherman Act in 1S0U had there been any thought of the interpretation since made of that great act. livcr hotly . rl ...... II- '".- t knows tnat Congress at tliat time nan no tliouglrt 01 legislating witn regain to the relations of employers and cm- ployc. "While a barrel of oil is not only a commodity in the market, it is a com modity before the courts ; it is a com modity before the Legislature. The , legal attribute of a commodity is prop- ' crty, but the legal attribute of the workingman is citizenship." TO HKM" KAUMKKS SlUAi CHOI'S Ilarrisburg, Pa. The state commis sion of agriculture has approved plans for community associations of farmers, who will pool their products and market them under the supervision of state ex perts. The purpose is to cut down the va rious charges between producer and consumer and to increase the profits of the agriculturist by enabling him to sell produce that now goes to waste upon many farms. The state agents will take charge 111 localities in which these farmers have a small surplus of various sorts of pro duce without any one of them having cnniiuli 10 branch out as a shipper. 1 When the local organization among the I farmers is completed arrangements will I be made to provide for a selling end of I the venture in the city that appears to 1 offer the best market inducements. TiAHOIttiltS' STIUK12 ICXI1S. Kansas City, Mo. Hod Carriers and Ruilding Laborers' Union has raised wages from I!3 cents an hour to HT1 cents These workers suspended work the first of last month because the con tractors refused to consider an in crease. Building operations have been at a standstill since that time. WAXT WAOKS IXCUKASHI). Cincinnati. Moving Picture Opera tors' Union has submitted a new scale to their employes to replace the present agreement, which expires the first of next month. A 10 per cent increase is asked. Over a score of picture houses have alrcadj accepted the new contract WORKERS' LAND PLAN UP TO OREGON VOTERS Salem, Ore. Secretary Stack, of the State federation of labor, has filed with the secretary of State petitions of over 25,000 voters that the proposed people's land and loan law be submitted to the next referendum. As the law requires 21,1!I0 names, organized labor is now preparing to conduct an active educa tional campaign in behalf of this meas ure. The law was first proposed by the Portland Central Labor Council, on recommendation of a committee ap pointed to investigate unemployment. It was later indorsed by the State federa tion of labor and the executive council of the A. F. of L., to which it was re ferred by the San Francisco convention of the A. F. of L. The law is based on the theory that as the State has never been able to limit taxation a State land tax wi1 be levied per year that( will equal land rent, wheth er the land is used or not. A third of this rental will be placed in a honiescek ers' loan fund, from which men and women in the cit and country can bor row from the State a sum equal to 1,300 for 20 years. For the first five years no interest will be charged except for ad ministration purposes. No tax can be levied except by a vote of the people. If property is sold for delinquent taxes the State will pay the taxes and the value of the improvements that have been made. When the Statc acquires proper ty under these conditions it can be leased but not sold. The purpose of the bill is to pry land loose from speculators who bold it at .exorbitant prices, thereby making a real back-to-the-Jand movement impossi ble. POKTO KICO WUKTfJIIKDXK.SS. San Juan, Porto Rico. Justica, official ' trade union newspaper prints the fol lowing; report from the Porto Rico bu reau of labor: "The strike among the cannery work ers in Majaguez last week was on ac count of the miserably low wage being ' paid. The men were receiving 3 cents it. l.rmt tl.r. ll'rmintl OlX fntltc fof llfMir ' "About -100 people were involved in the strike. After several conferences with the chief of the bureau of labor the em ployers offered to increase the wages 1 i cent per hour for both men and women. At first this proposition was refused b the strikers, but many women who were not on strike offered to work for the old I wage, and consequently the Porto Rico I Canning- company started up again with '" practically a ncwi force. "An inspection made during the week of the number of small tobacco stripping shops in Manati disclosed that in nearlj all the factories very little attention was being paid to the laws governing the em plojment of women and minors. The sanitarv conditions were particularly bad." ' STItHHT CAIt MKX OUT. Yonkers, X Y Ml local street car lines were tied un here. Itilv 22, b a strike of motormen and conductors, who I .1 :..unnn nl 7 rtn.l.f. .. llrt.H - . .- ucmanu an iiitic.isv.- ul .1 um5 u ."... m wages ;um sum iki nums. I The Big Store's Summer Suits For Men and Young Men The Big Store's" Guaranteed Clothes are famous even where surely, they're the great est clothing values in America today. Made in our own great Cincinnati Clothing Shops and sold direct to you. Come in and inspect the greatest Summer exhibit ou ever saw. $7.50 - $10 - $15 OUR THIRD FLOOR Men's Pants Dept. Is a lloor of matchless Pants values. Pants for ever occasion, Pants of every description and Pants of ever) size. Ever pair representing a greater value than can be obtained an where $1.50 - $2 - $2.50 - $3 - $4 The Big Store HL-A27JF1fenue;we5tj Bel Central -0 Jnil John St Louis Scliiwdcn quaukv.mk.v mrnjK.v. Sandusky, Ohio, July 20. Nearly all the .'100 strikers in the Kelly Island stone quarries returned to work today. The company refused to meet their demand for a wage increase and notified them unless they returned to work at once they would be discharged. Plone. Soitb 1367-R Hot Unch film 9 lo 12 A.M. Heidqoirlen Tree foil ol Owli Wm.KeileyCafe" Pool room and Bowling Alltys Cornecttd 27 West Southern Avenue Latonia Station COVINGTON, KY . 4 WffiA RIPL'BLrC 3TAsAfcft m nvHe Tfinn Wi He is the personification of ihe quality and workmanship that goes into REPUBLIC STA,G.9.ARD treadtTres THE Republic Rubber Co. 20 E. Ninth St. Td (anal 5470 CINCINNATI, tl Stonemasons' Headquarters and North Pole Flshlne and Outlnff Club j JOSEPH SPANGLER SALOON ! Phone Canal 4630-X 1901 VINE ST. j I Residence1 Phone, Phone, Avon 2220 Avon.Wiy-K JOS. P. STENGER DESTGNER WD ElULDER OF FINE MONUMENTS 509 E. Rots Avenue ST. BERNARD, 0. '' tyasEMBE Mgp wSH42E23BSRiJJ B