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The labor advocate. [volume] (Cincinnati, Ohio) 1912-1937, July 29, 1916, Image 3

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Refusal of Garment Workers
To Sign Agreement Attended by Renewed Disorder.
City Employes Organize at Pittsburg, and Leave
Jobs to Demand Higher Wages.
Xcw Vork, July 2(i. Gafmcnt workers
rejected the agreement eiitcrcil into by
their leaders with the Garment Manu
facturers' Association and were ordeied
hack on strike today by Benjamin
Schlcsingcr, jnesident of thtf workers'
Refusal of the striking garment work
ers to ratify the agreement was due to
failure to provide for arbitration of dif
ferences by a disinterested board, it was
learned tonight.
Robert W. Bruerc, former city cham
berlain, who has acted in an advisory
capacity for the workers, said the re
volt clearly demonstrated "that it is im
possible to arrive at an agreement that
will be fair alike to employers and to
workers, and that will secure durable
peace, without the intervention of a
board of arbitration in which the pub
lic is adequately represented."
Chicago. C. M. Brown, stale deputy
inspector of factories, reports on the
shameful conditions under which strik
ing metal miners at Rosiclare, llardm
County, live. The state official says that
the houses arc built about four feet
from the ground on1 posts or rocks piled
on top of one another with no cement
or mortar betwen them.
"The cisterns," he continues, "arc lo
cated between each two houses, the gut
ters on the houses arc wood, the down
spouts are wood and arc rotted off just-
auovc tnc ground, winch leaves dirt,
nugs ana mtii go into tlie cistern. 1 hey
strain all the water through cloth before
using it and then it is not it to wash in,
let alone dripk. The furnishings in these
homes are' awful, no screens 'or win
dows, and T never saw more flics around
the stock yards than I saw there. No
carpets, no pictures, nothing but beds,
a few chairs, table and stove is aboul
all they have, all except the men folks
barefooted. The water closets arc about
50 feet back of the houses, no walk
leading td same, no fences' around place.
It would make one's heart, sick to sec
how thev have td live and' to tliink that
they wSuld have i to Strike in order tp ;
get a small raise in order to live.
The Illinois trade union movement is
assisting these workers, who were forc
ed on strike because of poor working
conditions, low wages and a 12-hour
da. The Farmers' Union of this state
is also rendering valuable assistance.
In a letter to the organized farmers of
Hardin County officers of the state
branch say: "With the eyes of the
whole state upon you, we feci that you
will aid these striking brothers of toil
by every means in your power."
Allcntown, Pa. Because the Interna
tional Motor Company discharged the
shop committee representing organized
machinists, every member of this craft
employed in the plant has suspended
woik to force the reinstatement of the
victimized unionists.
Hopple and Beckman St.
Specially, Fine Soup Every Day. Served Free
Strictly Union.
Phone, West 244B-L
LOUIS HELML1NG, Proprietor
UNION 1313-1315 Walnut Si., Cincinnati
GOODS Phone Canal 4S72-R
Hull for 1'uionn ami Socio' re
Ilcml martc- ol llakfry and Confectionery
Workers' Union No. 213 and
I'crtlinatid I.ass.illc Club
Chas. Moeves
Manufacturer of the
Shoe made to fit alt deformities
14 E. lOlti Si , N.-wporl, Ky. Tel Soulh 574-L
Chicken and Steak Dinners,
$1.00 pi-r plate.
Telephone, Ridge 1P20.
Norwood Ohio.
Vaudeville. Cabaret.
Smittle's Prize
Bathing Beach the best west of Atlantic City. 1,001 Great Amusement Features,
leaturlne "STELLA," Tho Tango Girl, and "THE WHIP."
The strike, together with a lockout in
volving in all OO.ouo workers, has tied
up the garment-working industry in this
city longer than three months
The action refusing tp latify the
agreement reached by their leaders was
taken by the members of the union to
day at a mass meeting attended by
scenes of disorder. Schlcsingcr and
other leaders were denounced by the
woikcrs for "betraying" them by con
senting to the agreement. Police re
serves had to be called out to quiet the
disoidcr. More than 10,000 of the work
ers jammed the hall or the streets ad
joining. The agreement had been described by
leaders as offering many concessions to
the workers. After its rejection by the
workers President Schlcsingcr said that
there was nothing to do but continue the
Xcw Yoik. The committee on affilia
tion to the American Federation of La
bor of the Author's League of America
has issued a statement setting forth the
advantages writers would get fiom be
ing unionized. The question will be sub
mitted to a referendum vote of the lea
gue's members.
The claim that affiliation with indus
trial workers would "lower the dignity"
of authors is answered as follows by the
commmcc :
"The signers of this report believe
that if they, as individuals, have dig
nity, it comes from their work and per
sonal characters. If they do not have
it they have forfeited it because of their
woik or their personal character; and
being affiliated with the Amciican Fed
eration of Labor will not harm or help
their dignity. Your committee feels that
dignity in any true meaning of the word
depends upon one's sense of self-respect
; and that self-respect, in turn de
pends very largely upon whether one is
working under fair conditions "for fair
payment. Since your committee believes
that affiliation will help improve con
ditions of authorship, ;pur, fipmmittqc
believes' that it will' help "increase dig
nity of the truest sort."
With practically the entire motion
picture industry unionized, with the en
tire dramatic field except the authois
organized, the committee asserts that
should the Authors' League also affiliate
to the American Federation of Labor
these other organizations would join the
authors' in correcting evils in the motion-picture
and dramatic fields. Further
more, tlie committee says, tlie league
would have the moral support of 2,300,
(100 trade unionists.
Affiliation to the A. F. of L., accord
ing to the committee's statement, would
help the league in four of its most im
portant purposes and pioblcms. It
would give the league more power to
correct abuses prevalent in the motion
picture field; it would aid the league in
its negotiations for standard contracts
in the publishing, magazine, and the
atrical business; would help, the league
in us endeavor 10 secure universal copy
right and to put the United States in
the International Copyright League,
thereby automatically securing world
wide protection for any matter copy
righted in America; and it would aid
the league in procuring other legislation
which may be desirable to secure the
lights of authors.
Olympia, Wash. Trade unionists in
this state are endeavoring to secure,
through the referendum, the repeal of
a so-called "auti-pickcting" law, passed
by the last legislature. '
"Legislative Agent Hughes of the state
federation of labor, says the law pro
hibits the use of newspapers by strikers,
and that "the very things that this bill
says working men can .not do, the na
tional law says the workers may do," 1
under tlie labor sections of the Clayton
San Francisco. The San Francisco
Restaurant Men's Association has re
solved against the eight-hour day, fa
vored by their organized employes. The
restaurant and hotel men say "the time
is inopportune " The workers have been
conducting an organizing campaign and
announce their intention of reducing
the 10-hour day to eight. The move
ment includes cooks, waiters and cooks'
Now Open for Its Greatest
Season of Clean Entertainment
Moving Picture!
Sand Concerts.
Denver, Colo. Over L00 cracker bak
ers, employed by two large companies,
are on strike for higher wages and im
proved working conditions, as a result
of the stale industrial commission's re
fusal to support their demands.
Under the law it is illegal for work
ers in this state to strike prior to 110
days' notice to -the commission, 'on .the
theory that "both sides will cool off."
The bakers complied with the law and
the commission investigated. The com
panies told them competition with east
ern concerns made the request impos
sible. Despite high freight rates to the
west and the increased cost of living in
Colorado, the commission favored the
employers. The workers declined to
"cool off." They suspended work.
Shortly afterwards the companies for
got their claims regarding eastern com
petition and offered to increase wages
if the strikers would abandon their un
ion. As an extra inducement the com
panies offered to install "welfare plans,"
similar to the Rockefeller "union." Both
offers were unanimously rejected bv the
i woikcrs, two-thirds of whom are wom
en and girls.
The companies are advcitising for
"help" without including the statement
that strikes exist in their plants. This
is in violation of the state law.
Cue of the struck concerns attempted,
last summer, to deduct from the pay of
its employes the cost of insurance under
the workmen's compensation law. The
woikcrs organized as a result and since
then have been affiliated to the Interna
tional Union of Bakery and Confection
ery Workers.
New York. The New York Associa
tion for Improving the Condition of the
Poor is a rather well-rounded title, but
it justifies its existence by the discovery
that a man or, rather a "poor" man
need spend only $2!!.20 a year for cloth
ing. The list includes one suit, valued
at $10, and one pair of trousers that
costs $2. If the unexpected happens to
these necessary garments, the associa
tion saitb not. One necktie at 23 cents,
one pair of suspenders at 23 cents, and
four collars at 30 cents is included in
the year's raiment.
The association figures that a woman's
needs can be supplied at a 'cost of -13
cents less than the man's. An even half
dollar difference would probably be
classed as extravagance.
, Aijernnouiicing, ,its, iscoycry, t,he
association' gives this somewhat needless
advice: "Clothes should be bought for
use and not for display."
Washington. In a speech in the
House of Representatives on the labor
sections of the Clayton law, Congress
man Lewis, a member of the labor
group, said :
"Everybody understands that Section
7 would have been written into the
Sherman Act in 1S0U had there been
any thought of the interpretation since
made of that great act. livcr hotly
. rl ...... II-
'".- t
knows tnat Congress at tliat time nan
no tliouglrt 01 legislating witn regain
to the relations of employers
"While a barrel of oil is not only a
commodity in the market, it is a com
modity before the courts ; it is a com
modity before the Legislature. The ,
legal attribute of a commodity is prop- '
crty, but the legal attribute of the
workingman is citizenship."
Ilarrisburg, Pa. The state commis
sion of agriculture has approved plans
for community associations of farmers,
who will pool their products and market
them under the supervision of state ex
perts. The purpose is to cut down the va
rious charges between producer and
consumer and to increase the profits of
the agriculturist by enabling him to sell
produce that now goes to waste upon
many farms.
The state agents will take charge 111
localities in which these farmers have
a small surplus of various sorts of pro
duce without any one of them having
cnniiuli 10 branch out as a shipper.
1 When the local organization among the
I farmers is completed arrangements will
I be made to provide for a selling end of
I the venture in the city that appears to
1 offer the best market inducements.
Kansas City, Mo. Hod Carriers and
Ruilding Laborers' Union has raised
wages from I!3 cents an hour to HT1
cents These workers suspended work
the first of last month because the con
tractors refused to consider an in
crease. Building operations have been
at a standstill since that time.
Cincinnati. Moving Picture Opera
tors' Union has submitted a new scale
to their employes to replace the present
agreement, which expires the first of
next month. A 10 per cent increase is
asked. Over a score of picture houses
have alrcadj accepted the new contract
Salem, Ore. Secretary Stack, of the
State federation of labor, has filed with
the secretary of State petitions of over
25,000 voters that the proposed people's
land and loan law be submitted to the
next referendum. As the law requires
21,1!I0 names, organized labor is now
preparing to conduct an active educa
tional campaign in behalf of this meas
ure. The law was first proposed by the
Portland Central Labor Council, on
recommendation of a committee ap
pointed to investigate unemployment. It
was later indorsed by the State federa
tion of labor and the executive council
of the A. F. of L., to which it was re
ferred by the San Francisco convention
of the A. F. of L.
The law is based on the theory that as
the State has never been able to limit
taxation a State land tax wi1 be levied
per year that( will equal land rent, wheth
er the land is used or not. A third of
this rental will be placed in a honiescek
ers' loan fund, from which men and
women in the cit and country can bor
row from the State a sum equal to 1,300
for 20 years. For the first five years no
interest will be charged except for ad
ministration purposes. No tax can be
levied except by a vote of the people. If
property is sold for delinquent taxes the
State will pay the taxes and the value
of the improvements that have been
made. When the Statc acquires proper
ty under these conditions it can be
leased but not sold.
The purpose of the bill is to pry land
loose from speculators who bold it at
.exorbitant prices, thereby making a real
back-to-the-Jand movement impossi
San Juan, Porto Rico. Justica, official '
trade union newspaper prints the fol
lowing; report from the Porto Rico bu
reau of labor:
"The strike among the cannery work
ers in Majaguez last week was on ac
count of the miserably low wage being '
paid. The men were receiving 3 cents
it. l.rmt tl.r. ll'rmintl OlX fntltc fof llfMir '
"About -100 people were involved in the
strike. After several conferences with
the chief of the bureau of labor the em
ployers offered to increase the wages 1 i
cent per hour for both men and women.
At first this proposition was refused b
the strikers, but many women who were
not on strike offered to work for the old I
wage, and consequently the Porto Rico I
Canning- company started up again with '"
practically a ncwi force.
"An inspection made during the week
of the number of small tobacco stripping
shops in Manati disclosed that in nearlj
all the factories very little attention was
being paid to the laws governing the em
plojment of women and minors. The
sanitarv conditions were particularly
bad." '
Yonkers, X Y Ml local street car
lines were tied un here. Itilv 22, b a
strike of motormen and conductors, who
I .1 :..unnn nl 7 rtn.l.f. .. llrt.H
- . .-
ucmanu an iiitic.isv.- ul .1 um5 u ."...
m wages ;um sum iki nums.
The Big Store's
Summer Suits
For Men and Young Men
The Big Store's" Guaranteed Clothes are
famous even where surely, they're the great
est clothing values in America today. Made
in our own great Cincinnati Clothing Shops
and sold direct to you. Come in and inspect
the greatest Summer exhibit ou ever saw.
$7.50 - $10 - $15
Men's Pants Dept.
Is a lloor of matchless Pants values. Pants for
ever occasion, Pants of every description and
Pants of ever) size. Ever pair representing
a greater value than can be obtained an where
$1.50 - $2 - $2.50 - $3 - $4
The Big Store
Bel Central -0 Jnil John St Louis Scliiwdcn
quaukv.mk.v mrnjK.v.
Sandusky, Ohio, July 20. Nearly all
the .'100 strikers in the Kelly Island stone
quarries returned to work today. The
company refused to meet their demand
for a wage increase and notified them
unless they returned to work at once
they would be discharged.
Plone. Soitb 1367-R Hot Unch film 9 lo 12 A.M.
Heidqoirlen Tree foil ol Owli
Pool room and Bowling Alltys Cornecttd
27 West Southern Avenue
Latonia Station COVINGTON, KY
. 4
He is the personification of ihe quality
and workmanship that goes into
Republic Rubber Co.
20 E. Ninth St.
Td (anal 5470 CINCINNATI, tl
Stonemasons' Headquarters and North
Pole Flshlne and Outlnff Club j
Phone Canal 4630-X 1901 VINE ST. j
I Residence1 Phone,
Avon 2220
509 E. Rots Avenue
'' tyasEMBE

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