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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
SA. THIS AMKKICAX IWDHHATIOX OK LABOR. (Continued from page 2) hatters in the name of the D. E. Loewc Company, hat manufacturers of Dan bury, Connecticut. The court sustained the position that the Sherman Antitrust law applied to the personal attributes and normal activi ties of human beings. They held to the theory that there was no distinction be tween the labor power of human beings on the one hand and articles or com modities on the other articles of com modities which men sought to control and manipulate through trusts. This de cision threatened the very existence of voluntary associated effort the effort of the organized workers to carry out the normal purposes for which they were organized; that is. to imnrovc standards of life and work, wages, hours and conditions of emploment. Such activities of the workers were, by the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, regarded as liable to all the civil and criminal penalties under the Antitrust laws of the United States. In other words, the Sherman Antitrust law, enacted to curb the stupidity and machinations of the combinations of wealthy owners, was to be applied to the voluntary organization of the work ers instituted for beneficent purposes and the welfare of human beings. The decision in this case, which is known as Loewc vs. Lawlor, declared that the damages were $80,000 which, under the provisions of the Sherman Antitrust Act were tripled, and together with the costs of the case and the inter est, made a total sum of over $300,000, which the Danbury Hatters must pay D. E. Loewc and Company. Mr. Charles Evans Hughes was a Jus tice of the United States Supreme Court at the time this decision was rendered, and he concurred in the decision. The last decision in this case, al though it is brief, reaffirms all that the Court declared in their 100S opinion. There is another opinion of the United States Supreme Court, written by Jus tice Hughes, which throws light upon his attitude upon this principle, which is of fundamental importance to the work ers of the country. It is his opinion in the case of Truax vs. Raich, a case which involved the constitutionality of the Arizona anti-alien law. Under that law all employers of Arizona who employed more than five workers were forbidden to employ less than 80 per cent who were qualified electors or native born citizens of the United States. In that decision Justice Hughes took the position that the injunctive process applied to personal relations. . Justice Hughes on that occasion and in that decision made more definite his endorsementof the theory that injunc tions apply to personal relations. Mr. Hughes has taken an unequivocal position He endorses the abuse of the writ of injunction against which wage earners have vigorously protested, and which they have tried to correct by remedial legislation in order that they might enjoy the rights and opportunities of free citizens. The above is accurately the informa tion for which you asked and we take it that it will be of importance to you, as well as to the working people and liberty-loving citizens all over the coun try, in enabling them to understand the mental attitude and the action of both both President Woodrow Wilson and Honorable Charles Evans Hughes who are now candidates for the Presidency of the United States. Fraternally jours, Saml Gompers, President. Jas. O'Connixl, Vice-President. Frank Morrison, Secretary. Labor Representation Committee American Federation of Labor. RIGHT TO QUIT WORK MUST NOT BE DENIED Washington, D. C In a letter to the four railroad brotherhood executives, President Gompers calls attention to the action of the A. F. of L. Executive Council in extending fraternal greet ings and support of the trade union movement to train service men in their attempt to reduce hours. Hints of compulsory arbitration, made by opponents of the railroad em ployes, is replied to by President Gomp ers: "While a strike involves temporary inconveniences which affect many, free workers can not be denied the right to quit work the right to strike in fur therance of demands which concern their manhood and their interests. "It is a fundamental principle of free dom that no one shall be forced into in voluntary servitude, that is, into work against his will. This fundamental prin ciple of freedom must be maintained at all hazards. It must not be minimicd under any guise, whether compulsory arbitration or in the name of public wel fare. "The welfare of the whole nation, the maintenance of our republican form of government and our institutions of free dom depend upon this fundamental the right of a free man to control himself and his labor power. "It is the sincere desire of the Ameri can Federation of Labor that the rail way brotherhoods shall secure the eight hour work day, an accomplishment which will mean opportunities for bet ter living and better citizenship." TROMEY'S FLOWER SHOPS Now Ouiiftl by Irwin I (cliliimlt, An Old Ki-Icml of Ijiibor. We lake pleasure in announcing to the many friends of Irwin F. Gebhardt, identified with the various labor organi zations in this vicinity, that he has taken over thc business known as Tromcy's Fiowcr Shops, 021 Vine street and 17K( Vine street, at which locations he will lie glad to serve your wants in his par ticular line. His personal reputation is of the highest standard and you can rest assured that you can secure an honest deal from him at all times. Wc wish him unlimited success in his new undertaking. v "u' Jos. T. Humphreys Marshal Painters' District Council. LABOR IS NOT SCARCE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA Vancouver, B. C President Cun ningham of the B. C. Manufacturers' Association is alarmed at what he terms a scarcity of labor, and predicts that business men will be compelled to use Orientals as a last resort. The B. C. Fcdcrationist, official paper of the local trade union movement, re fers to Mr. Cunningham's statement as "a squak of alarm," because workers arc accepting employment in the harvest fields, rather than in low-wage shops. The threat to use Oriental labor, as a last resort, is referred to as follpws : "It has been the habit with most of them to use such as a first resort, rather than a last, and the departure from such long-established custom may be consid ered by Mr. Cunningham as a most dangerous innovation. "The reason for the alram of the manufacturers lies in the fact that if the removal of workers from the prov ince continues, the point will eventually be reached when the employers here will be forced to advance the wages to the same 'fabulous' figures offered else where. That several hundred offered themselves here in Vancouver for serv ice in the grain fields of the middle provinces affords ample proof that there is still a surplus of labor upon the mar ket of British Columbia. That there is a continual procession of workers re turning to Vancouver after escaping from the various mining, lumbering, paper-making and other slave pens of the province, rather tends to dispose of all pretense that labor conditions are such as to present a pleasant and per fumed pathway to the dignified and hon est sons of toil. Either that or pleasure and sweet perfume hath no attraction for these disciples of sweat." TO MKK'f AT COIjOItADO Sl'lUXGS Baltimore. Colorado Springs was chosen as the next convention city by the International Typographical Union. Proposals to increase the death and pension benefits were defeated, as was a resolution providing that one vice-president should be elected from Canada. A proposal to increase the salaries of the president and secretary-treasurer was approved and will be submitted to the referendum. A resolution to draw the color line was defeated by a large vote. The executive council was in structed to lend its aid to the movement for the erection of a suitable memorial to Ottmar Mergcnthalcr, inventor of the linotype machine, and whose home was in this city. Attempts to change the priority law and the six-day law failed. The executive council was instructed to inquire into the feasibility of erecting an office building for the union to be named in honor of the late William It. Prescott. The apprentice question was given much consideration and a report on this subject will be submitted to af filiates. Musk Deer. Musk is obtained from a sort of gland or pouch of the male musk deer, and it is secreted only during certain sea sons of the car. The musk deer is a small animal, seldom more than three feet long and twenty-two inches in height. It is becoming more and more scarce every year and at the present rate will eventually become extinct. TIIK I'llOSKGUTOK'S OI-TIGK IS JIOTTHX. Continued from page 1) slayer of Baucrlc, unionist, was bound over to the grand jury under $5,000 bond. A'o indictment. Carr, Baldwin, Martin, Fcnton, Al bers, all non-union riggers, and numer ous others, who brazenly admitted that they carried guns and that they had fired them at union riggers, were bound over to the grand jury by Judge Bell, all under bond. To dale no indictments; Caw's case ignored. Now let's look at the other side: John Holmes, union rigger, who fired at Carr, Baldwin, Fcnton and others, in de fcnse of his mother, the target for the shooting non-union riggers, was bound over to the grand jury on two charges assault and battery and shooting with intent to kill. INDICTMENTS IN BOTH CASES! How cas ! Louis D. Hurtig is the attorney that all these strike-breakers call for the min ute they are arrested. Louis Fcrnbcrg, assistant prosecutor also, with the right to present cases to the Grand Jury, is Attorney JIurtig's partner Hurtig represents all the non union riggers, his father signs all the bonds for them, and no doubt Fcrnbcrg feels embarrassed whenever he has to prosecute his partner, Hurtig's clients. Fcrnbcrg is no doulitvery glad that none of them have been indicted so far, be cause he would have felt very bad to have prosecuted a man who had paid his partner a tee. tough luck! Wonder what will hapepn to the non union rigger, who Fcnton admits shoot ing, Oscian Drake? These non-union riggers have been going through the streets of Cincinnati armed to the teeth, shooting at strikers and at innocent bystanders alike, and the police claim they can do nothing! Is it any wonder that strikes are ac companied by violence? Who controls the police department of the city of Cincinnati to the extent that they dare not make arrests for carrying concealed weapons? These are questions which will be asked at every political meeting in this city. And they will have to be answered. In the meantime union labor should make up its mind to vote against Jno. V. Campbell, and not be swayed in its purpose by any party ties. 8-H0UR DAY FAVORED BY PRESIDENT WILSON Washington, D. C In the contro versy between railroad managers and their train service employes, who ask for eight hours at present nav and ex tra pay for overtime. President Wilson, after hearing both sides, said that "the eight-hour day now undoubtedly has the sanction ot tile judgment of society in its favor and should be adopted as a basis for wages even where the actual work td be done can not be completed within eight hours." This statement means, in effect, that the principle of the eight-hour day is so thoroughly accepted that it should no longer be considered a question for ar bitration. The ruling has enraged the railroad managers and penny-a-liners, who charge the President with rejecting the principle of arbitration, entirely over looking the fact that he heard both sides and that he favors arbitration on the question of overtime and related ques tions. Opponents of the President's position also ignore this statement by him: "The railroads which have already adopted the eight-hour day do not seem to be at any serious disadvantage in respect of their cost of operation, as compared with the railroads that have retained a ten-hour day, and calcula tions as to the cost of the change must, if made now, be made without regard to any possible adminstration econom ics or readjustments." It is further recommended that in vestigators be appointed to observe and report to Congress on the workings of this plan, but no recommendations should be made to the end that "it should be entirely open to either or both parties to the present controvert to give notice of a termination of the present agreements with a view to in stituting inquiries into suggested read justment of pay or practice." XHW COMI'KXSATIOX AWAIll). Easton, Pa. The Workmen's Com pensation Board has rendered a far reaching opinion in the case of a plast erer who fell from a ladder and was in jured while employed on a building be ing erected by .Mrs. Ida Uroncr, wllo had failed to insure against accident to the workman. A decision by the referee was in favor of the defendant, but this was overruled by the Compensation Board, who ordered that Mrs Groncr pay the plasterers' medical and hospital bills and $8.80 per week to him until a total of $1,340 is paid. SKXATK l'ASSKS SHIP lUhh. Washington, D. C The Senate has passed the bill authorizing the Govern ment to purchase or build merchant ships "for the purpose of encouraging, developing and creating a naval auxili ary and naval reserve and merchant ma rine to meet the requirements of the United States." The bill was appioved by the House last spring and will now go to conference because of several Senate amendments. Under the bill a shipping board is created and $30,01)0, 000 appropriated, to be raised by the sale of Panama' Canal bonds. RVH.MICItS AX1) UXIOX1STS UXITI3 Birmingham, Ala. Trade unionists and members of the railroad brother hoods attended a banquet given in honor of the convention of the Farmers' Edu cational pnd Co-operative Union of Ala bama, held in this city. Speakers repre senting the three movements urged closer unity and exchanged fraternal greetings. Hats Furnishings Robert J. Thuman Corner Vine and Green Streets CINCINNATI, O. Telephone Canal 1178-L WILLIAM F. KRUSE ULA1.LK in jFINESHOES Union Made Shuei No. 1635 Race St., Cor. CreenSl. Gncinnati, 0- O GEORGE WELLER CO. Wholesale and R.etail Wall Paper and Paints, Wall Burlaps, Lincrutta, Room Mouldings 1314-131G Main St. Phone, Canal 759 J 5rs IrTCU fffiBP f3T ' Amateur Photographers' Supplies ODAKS And Supplies of Every Description We develop, print and finish your films and plates. Our finishing depart ment is the best in the city. First class work furnished only. Simpkinson & Miller 433-35 ELM STREET The houe which not only carries the greatest Stock of Goods, but also makes it an cxcluie business. We can suppl) any desired article at once. L. F. DAWSON FfiED. CRUBLER Telephone, Canal 893 Gas and Electric Fixtures LINSDAY LIGHTS Gas Consumers Benefit Association 23 West 7th St., Bet. Vine arid Race Estimator, C. C. Keyler CINCINNATI, OHIO. .1 O- The QURKHARDT gROf C2 ANDREAS E. BURKHARDT, President Men's Hats, Haberdashery, Shirt Makers CORRECT CLOTHES "READY TO WEAR' Fourth Street Opposile the Sinlon Hotel CINCINNATI o- Flags, Badges, Banners Highest Grade of Materials Best Workmanship Come and see samples The Cincinnati Regalia Co. Textile Building, 11th Floor FOURTH AND ELM !