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The labor advocate. [volume] (Cincinnati, Ohio) 1912-1937, September 02, 1916, Image 11

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(Continued from page 2)
hatters in the name of the D. E. Loewc
Company, hat manufacturers of Dan
bury, Connecticut.
The court sustained the position that
the Sherman Antitrust law applied to
the personal attributes and normal activi
ties of human beings. They held to the
theory that there was no distinction be
tween the labor power of human beings
on the one hand and articles or com
modities on the other articles of com
modities which men sought to control
and manipulate through trusts. This de
cision threatened the very existence of
voluntary associated effort the effort
of the organized workers to carry out
the normal purposes for which they
were organized; that is. to imnrovc
standards of life and work, wages, hours
and conditions of emploment. Such
activities of the workers were, by the
decision of the Supreme Court of the
United States, regarded as liable to all
the civil and criminal penalties under
the Antitrust laws of the United States.
In other words, the Sherman Antitrust
law, enacted to curb the stupidity and
machinations of the combinations of
wealthy owners, was to be applied to
the voluntary organization of the work
ers instituted for beneficent purposes and
the welfare of human beings.
The decision in this case, which is
known as Loewc vs. Lawlor, declared
that the damages were $80,000 which,
under the provisions of the Sherman
Antitrust Act were tripled, and together
with the costs of the case and the inter
est, made a total sum of over $300,000,
which the Danbury Hatters must pay D.
E. Loewc and Company.
Mr. Charles Evans Hughes was a Jus
tice of the United States Supreme Court
at the time this decision was rendered,
and he concurred in the decision.
The last decision in this case, al
though it is brief, reaffirms all that the
Court declared in their 100S opinion.
There is another opinion of the United
States Supreme Court, written by Jus
tice Hughes, which throws light upon his
attitude upon this principle, which is of
fundamental importance to the work
ers of the country. It is his opinion in
the case of Truax vs. Raich, a case which
involved the constitutionality of the
Arizona anti-alien law. Under that law
all employers of Arizona who employed
more than five workers were forbidden
to employ less than 80 per cent who were
qualified electors or native born citizens
of the United States. In that decision
Justice Hughes took the position that the
injunctive process applied to personal
relations. .
Justice Hughes on that occasion and
in that decision made more definite his
endorsementof the theory that injunc
tions apply to personal relations.
Mr. Hughes has taken an unequivocal
position He endorses the abuse of the
writ of injunction against which wage
earners have vigorously protested, and
which they have tried to correct by
remedial legislation in order that they
might enjoy the rights and opportunities
of free citizens.
The above is accurately the informa
tion for which you asked and we take
it that it will be of importance to you,
as well as to the working people and
liberty-loving citizens all over the coun
try, in enabling them to understand the
mental attitude and the action of both
both President Woodrow Wilson and
Honorable Charles Evans Hughes who
are now candidates for the Presidency
of the United States.
Fraternally jours,
Saml Gompers,
Jas. O'Connixl,
Frank Morrison,
Labor Representation Committee
American Federation of Labor.
Washington, D. C In a letter to the
four railroad brotherhood executives,
President Gompers calls attention to
the action of the A. F. of L. Executive
Council in extending fraternal greet
ings and support of the trade union
movement to train service men in their
attempt to reduce hours.
Hints of compulsory arbitration,
made by opponents of the railroad em
ployes, is replied to by President Gomp
ers: "While a strike involves temporary
inconveniences which affect many, free
workers can not be denied the right to
quit work the right to strike in fur
therance of demands which concern
their manhood and their interests.
"It is a fundamental principle of free
dom that no one shall be forced into in
voluntary servitude, that is, into work
against his will. This fundamental prin
ciple of freedom must be maintained at
all hazards. It must not be minimicd
under any guise, whether compulsory
arbitration or in the name of public wel
fare. "The welfare of the whole nation, the
maintenance of our republican form of
government and our institutions of free
dom depend upon this fundamental the
right of a free man to control himself
and his labor power.
"It is the sincere desire of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor that the rail
way brotherhoods shall secure the eight
hour work day, an accomplishment
which will mean opportunities for bet
ter living and better citizenship."
Now Ouiiftl by Irwin I (cliliimlt,
An Old Ki-Icml of Ijiibor.
We lake pleasure in announcing to
the many friends of Irwin F. Gebhardt,
identified with the various labor organi
zations in this vicinity, that he has taken
over thc business known as Tromcy's
Fiowcr Shops, 021 Vine street and 17K(
Vine street, at which locations he will
lie glad to serve your wants in his par
ticular line. His personal reputation is
of the highest standard and you can rest
assured that you can secure an honest
deal from him at all times. Wc wish
him unlimited success in his new undertaking.
v "u'
Jos. T. Humphreys
Marshal Painters' District Council.
Vancouver, B. C President Cun
ningham of the B. C. Manufacturers'
Association is alarmed at what he terms
a scarcity of labor, and predicts that
business men will be compelled to use
Orientals as a last resort.
The B. C. Fcdcrationist, official paper
of the local trade union movement, re
fers to Mr. Cunningham's statement as
"a squak of alarm," because workers arc
accepting employment in the harvest
fields, rather than in low-wage shops.
The threat to use Oriental labor, as a
last resort, is referred to as follpws :
"It has been the habit with most of
them to use such as a first resort, rather
than a last, and the departure from such
long-established custom may be consid
ered by Mr. Cunningham as a most
dangerous innovation.
"The reason for the alram of the
manufacturers lies in the fact that if
the removal of workers from the prov
ince continues, the point will eventually
be reached when the employers here will
be forced to advance the wages to the
same 'fabulous' figures offered else
where. That several hundred offered
themselves here in Vancouver for serv
ice in the grain fields of the middle
provinces affords ample proof that there
is still a surplus of labor upon the mar
ket of British Columbia. That there is
a continual procession of workers re
turning to Vancouver after escaping
from the various mining, lumbering,
paper-making and other slave pens of
the province, rather tends to dispose of
all pretense that labor conditions are
such as to present a pleasant and per
fumed pathway to the dignified and hon
est sons of toil. Either that or pleasure
and sweet perfume hath no attraction
for these disciples of sweat."
Baltimore. Colorado Springs was
chosen as the next convention city by
the International Typographical Union.
Proposals to increase the death and
pension benefits were defeated, as was a
resolution providing that one vice-president
should be elected from Canada.
A proposal to increase the salaries of
the president and secretary-treasurer
was approved and will be submitted to
the referendum. A resolution to draw
the color line was defeated by a large
vote. The executive council was in
structed to lend its aid to the movement
for the erection of a suitable memorial
to Ottmar Mergcnthalcr, inventor of the
linotype machine, and whose home was
in this city. Attempts to change the
priority law and the six-day law failed.
The executive council was instructed to
inquire into the feasibility of erecting
an office building for the union to be
named in honor of the late William It.
Prescott. The apprentice question was
given much consideration and a report
on this subject will be submitted to af
filiates. Musk Deer.
Musk is obtained from a sort of gland
or pouch of the male musk deer, and
it is secreted only during certain sea
sons of the car. The musk deer is a
small animal, seldom more than three
feet long and twenty-two inches in
height. It is becoming more and more
scarce every year and at the present
rate will eventually become extinct.
Continued from page 1)
slayer of Baucrlc, unionist, was bound
over to the grand jury under $5,000
bond. A'o indictment.
Carr, Baldwin, Martin, Fcnton, Al
bers, all non-union riggers, and numer
ous others, who brazenly admitted that
they carried guns and that they had
fired them at union riggers, were bound
over to the grand jury by Judge Bell,
all under bond. To dale no indictments;
Caw's case ignored.
Now let's look at the other side:
John Holmes, union rigger, who fired at
Carr, Baldwin, Fcnton and others, in de
fcnse of his mother, the target for the
shooting non-union riggers, was bound
over to the grand jury on two charges
assault and battery and shooting with
intent to kill. INDICTMENTS IN
BOTH CASES! How cas !
Louis D. Hurtig is the attorney that
all these strike-breakers call for the min
ute they are arrested.
Louis Fcrnbcrg, assistant prosecutor
also, with the right to present cases to
the Grand Jury, is Attorney JIurtig's
partner Hurtig represents all the non
union riggers, his father signs all the
bonds for them, and no doubt Fcrnbcrg
feels embarrassed whenever he has to
prosecute his partner, Hurtig's clients.
Fcrnbcrg is no doulitvery glad that none
of them have been indicted so far, be
cause he would have felt very bad to
have prosecuted a man who had paid his
partner a tee. tough luck!
Wonder what will hapepn to the non
union rigger, who Fcnton admits shoot
ing, Oscian Drake?
These non-union riggers have been
going through the streets of Cincinnati
armed to the teeth, shooting at strikers
and at innocent bystanders alike, and
the police claim they can do nothing!
Is it any wonder that strikes are ac
companied by violence? Who controls
the police department of the city of
Cincinnati to the extent that they dare
not make arrests for carrying concealed
These are questions which will be
asked at every political meeting in this
city. And they will have to be answered.
In the meantime union labor should
make up its mind to vote against Jno.
V. Campbell, and not be swayed in its
purpose by any party ties.
Washington, D. C In the contro
versy between railroad managers and
their train service employes, who ask
for eight hours at present nav and ex
tra pay for overtime. President Wilson,
after hearing both sides, said that "the
eight-hour day now undoubtedly has the
sanction ot tile judgment of society in
its favor and should be adopted as a
basis for wages even where the actual
work td be done can not be completed
within eight hours."
This statement means, in effect, that
the principle of the eight-hour day is so
thoroughly accepted that it should no
longer be considered a question for ar
bitration. The ruling has enraged the railroad
managers and penny-a-liners, who
charge the President with rejecting the
principle of arbitration, entirely over
looking the fact that he heard both sides
and that he favors arbitration on the
question of overtime and related ques
tions. Opponents of the President's position
also ignore this statement by him:
"The railroads which have already
adopted the eight-hour day do not seem
to be at any serious disadvantage in
respect of their cost of operation, as
compared with the railroads that have
retained a ten-hour day, and calcula
tions as to the cost of the change must,
if made now, be made without regard
to any possible adminstration econom
ics or readjustments."
It is further recommended that in
vestigators be appointed to observe and
report to Congress on the workings of
this plan, but no recommendations
should be made to the end that "it
should be entirely open to either or
both parties to the present controvert
to give notice of a termination of the
present agreements with a view to in
stituting inquiries into suggested read
justment of pay or practice."
Easton, Pa. The Workmen's Com
pensation Board has rendered a far
reaching opinion in the case of a plast
erer who fell from a ladder and was in
jured while employed on a building be
ing erected by .Mrs. Ida Uroncr, wllo
had failed to insure against accident to
the workman. A decision by the referee
was in favor of the defendant, but this
was overruled by the Compensation
Board, who ordered that Mrs Groncr
pay the plasterers' medical and hospital
bills and $8.80 per week to him until a
total of $1,340 is paid.
Washington, D. C The Senate has
passed the bill authorizing the Govern
ment to purchase or build merchant
ships "for the purpose of encouraging,
developing and creating a naval auxili
ary and naval reserve and merchant ma
rine to meet the requirements of the
United States." The bill was appioved
by the House last spring and will now
go to conference because of several
Senate amendments. Under the bill a
shipping board is created and $30,01)0,
000 appropriated, to be raised by the
sale of Panama' Canal bonds.
Birmingham, Ala. Trade unionists
and members of the railroad brother
hoods attended a banquet given in honor
of the convention of the Farmers' Edu
cational pnd Co-operative Union of Ala
bama, held in this city. Speakers repre
senting the three movements urged
closer unity and exchanged fraternal
Hats Furnishings
Robert J. Thuman
Corner Vine and Green Streets
Telephone Canal 1178-L
ULA1.LK in
Union Made Shuei
No. 1635 Race St., Cor. CreenSl. Gncinnati, 0-
Wholesale and R.etail
Wall Paper and Paints, Wall Burlaps, Lincrutta, Room Mouldings
1314-131G Main St. Phone, Canal 759 J
5rs IrTCU fffiBP f3T '
Amateur Photographers'
And Supplies of Every Description
We develop, print and finish your
films and plates. Our finishing depart
ment is the best in the city. First
class work furnished only.
Simpkinson & Miller
The houe which not only carries the greatest
Stock of Goods, but also makes it an cxcluie
business. We can suppl) any desired article
at once.
Telephone, Canal 893
Gas and Electric Fixtures
Gas Consumers Benefit Association
23 West 7th St., Bet. Vine arid Race
Estimator, C. C. Keyler CINCINNATI, OHIO.
Men's Hats, Haberdashery, Shirt Makers
Fourth Street
Opposile the Sinlon Hotel
Flags, Badges, Banners
Highest Grade of Materials
Best Workmanship
Come and see samples
The Cincinnati Regalia Co.
Textile Building, 11th Floor

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