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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Ws gi M $ Reds Show Socialists In Federation of Labor For Drastic Action On Living Cost. Want Jail Terms Imposed. Con fiscation and Government Ownership Urged. Delegates Go To See President. Baltimore, Mil., Nov. IS. The "Reds," as the Socialists in the Ameri can Federation, of Labor are called, showed their heads for the first time yesterday on the convention floor in the Garden Theatre, to espouse confisca tion, jail sentence and Government ownership as remedies for the high cost of livhiR. Max jfnyes, of Cleveland, chief thorn in the side of the conservatives, known as "leader of the Reds," and, strangely enough, a delegate from that most con servatives of all departments of organ ized labor, the International Typo graphical Union, led the fight against tlic adoption of a resolution urging the appointment of a commission to in vestigate the high cost of living. Ilfs opinion and the opinion of Max Scidcl, of Decatur, III., and other trades union ists with socialistic instincts was that Federal investigations were a drug upon the market; that history showed that they had never done any good, and that they were a waste of time. I'cdenil Commission Favored. The resolution providing for the in vestigation was introduced by State Senator William Green, of Ohio, head of the United Mine Workers of Amer ica. It was adopted and the Federation of Labor went on record as favoring the Federal commission, but not until Tifter Hayes, Scidel and others had ad vocated the arrest and imprisonment of those responsible for the high cost of white paper, the confiscation by the Government of all foodstuffs and im mediate Government ownership of all mines, railroads, meat-packing indus tries and the like. The adoption of the resolution was taken by political wise men in the con vention to be an index to the strength of the "Reds," who will undoubtedly seek to influence the Federation and to mold its policies in other matters. One of these matters, it is expected, will lie the re-election of Secretary Frank Morrison. The nucleus around which Morrison's opponents hope to build up an organization strong enough to beat him is composed of four thou sand "Red" votes in the convention. 1 f ayes' and Seidel's speeches were loudly cheered, hut their principles were Mtfl'Ali MIXIOHS CIIAXCIC XA.MIO. Denver. I!y a referendum vote the Western Federation of Miners favor rbangiiig the name of their organization to "International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers." It is stated that the new name corresponds to the juris diction, industrially anil geographically, of the metal miners. Application will be made to the American Federation of Labor to sanction the change. At a meeting of the miners' executive board in this city it was decided to in augurate an extensive organizing cam paign nl a statement to affiliates, the board said : "Your board fully believes that the year it) Hi will mark the beginning of a new ipoi'h in the history of the metal n nrs' organization." Mich's Jewelry Store Diamonds, Watches 930-32 W. Liberty St. Whynot Cigars ALWAYS GOOD" WM, t) HUSS VINE AND CALHOUN Agent STREETS ALHAMBR CINCINNATI'S "HOUSE OF QUALITY" Showinq the Cream of American Feature Productions Trj Tlera od be Convincrd Phone Canal 1188-X SPECHT BROS. UNIONSHOES Rxiluaivcly Men', Women' and C hil'licn'fi l'inc Shoe at reasonable prices llrcuvrt' Union Itoou a fteci.ilt . 1700 VINE ST., opp. Cum Si , Cincimali J'lione Canal 3S32 Res. I'lione Avon 302-Y LOUIS E. ROTH FLORIST Cut Flowers and Floral Designs S. W. Cor. 15th and Vine Streets -S- r&ti J "Ofy Their Hand rebuked in the vote upon the resolu tion. Called Itt-volutioniiry Proposition. The convention, however, opposed in vestigation when the resolution taking a stand against President Wilson's plan to make illegal any railroad strike or lockout prior to a Federal inquiry came up. The plan was embodied in the President's message to Congress, in which, at the same time, he urged the enactment of the Eight-Hour Law. The Federation of Labor's opposition to it was embodied in the Executive Council's report. A resolution, based upon that report was adopted yesterday. That resolution declares the Presi dent's plan to forestall strikes "a revo lutionary proposition totally out of har mony wtih our prevailing institutions and out of harmony with our phil osophy of government," and declares that it "subjects wage-earners to in voluntary servitude," and that its pur pose is "to compel railroad men to work even against their will. " It would "make criminals of men who cease work during the period of compulsory investigation," says the resolution, and "would not prevent strikes." In the words of the resolution, the Federation's adoption of it puis the or ganization on record as taking "an tin equivocal position against compulsory institutions and in favor of the main tenance of institutions and opportuni ties for freedom." licpoil Supports Itrsoliilions. Favorable reports were received upon resolutions contained in the Executive Council's report to improve the work ing condition of Government employes. At ia::t() the convention adjourned until !i :'!( this morning, when more resolutions considered yesterday after noon by the resolution committee will be reported. Last night the delegates attended the vaudeville performance at the Mary land Theatre. At 2::r, today, the delegates, nearly four hundred strong, will leave on a special train over the Pennsylvania Rail road, for Washington, where President Wilson will receive them at .". o'clock. Between their arrival there and their march to the White House, they will be entertained at the headquarters of the Washington Federation of Labor. WORKERS' PROGRESS BASED ON UNIONISM Baltimore, Mil. The philosophy of trade unionism, its effectiveness and its necessity are presented in the follow ing concise manner by the A. F. of L. Executive Council in its report to the annual convention, now in session in this city : "There is nothing more conspicuous in the developments of the past year than the importance and power of the economic organization of the workers. Since its inception the American Fed eration of Labor has stood for the principle that the fundamental 'power of the workers is their economic power and that whatever inllucnce they exert in industrial or political matters is be cause they have been able to organize and to use their economic power to promote their own welfare and their ideals of better standards of life and work fur all who toil. The wisdom of this policy has been demonstrated over and over again, but never more con spicuously than during the past year. I The wage-earners have secured a more lilting recognition for the part they i take in national life and development. "The economic organization of the worKvrs is uuitiauieuta : it has its or- ,,., j ,1... ,.;,.,,.,. ,..u .! .,,. f 1.7 , ' V J. "V ,.';'".' "' ' Hie workers, and is close to life Use f. Whenever this power is organized and wisely wielded it affects directly the fundamental affairs of national life. Economic, power is the primary power and all other kinds of power are de rived from economic power and are in proportion to its development. "The tremendous success that the A. F of L. has had in past years in secur ing remedial and protective legislation ha been the result of organization ami use of economic power. For political purposes, during the past year, the scope of Labor's activity has been ex tended into the realm of international relations, but the fundamental princi ple has been unchanged. Even in in ternational relations wage-earners have found that they can have an influence and an effect in molding and directing national relations through the use i of their economic organization. They have in all things stood for recognition of human values, and have humanized all national issues, demanding for hu man agents consideration with all other elements." RAILROADS ATTACK ADAMSON 8-HOUR LAW Ncw York. Railroad managers and the executives of the four railroad brotherhoods held a meeting in this city last Monday to reach a common under standing on the workings of the Adam son Eight-Hour Law. The meeting was unsuccessful. The railroad employes notified the manag ers that the strike order, given them by their members before the law was pass ed, was still in effect, and tliat if the managers persist in attacking the law through the courts that the strike order will be enforced January 1 next. Washington, D. C. Numerous suits against the Adamsou Eight-Hour Law for railroad train service employes have been started by railroad companies throughout the country. Since the act was passed some of the highest priced lawyers in the nation have been retained by the companies to study the law to discover an unconsti tutional flaw. It is now stated that the fifth amendment to the Federal consti tution, which declares that no one shall be deprived, of life, liberty or property without the process of law, will be the principal refuge of these attorneys. This amendment is the regulation de fense of every reactionary influence in its opposition to social legislation. Observing trade unionists, however, believe that these suits are only a part of the general strategy of railroads to secure legislation from Congress that will tie to their jobs all workers cm ployed in interstate transportation serv ice. The railroads would especially wel come the passage of a law similar to the Canadian Industrial Disputes Act, which prohibits a strike of workers em ployed in a public utility until after a government investigation. T.ln's law was denounced by the last convention of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, after a nine years' trial, and the Dominion Government was called upon to repeal the same. The same theory, applicable to all industries, was made a law by the last Colorado legis lature, and after a 'year's trial the or ganized workers of Colorado have de manded its repeal. Other legislation desired by the rail roads would empower the Interstate Commerce Commission to fix wages of railroad employes. These two proposals would result in fastening a worker to Jiis job and take from him the right to sell his labor power. To secure this legislation the finest strategy is necessary, in view of the de clared hostility of the American Fed eration of Labor and the four railroad brotherhoods. Because of this' fact it is essential that an atmosphere of uncertainty be cre ated in the minds of the public, through numerous court suits and agitation by big business for a commission. The railroads are hopeful that a public opin ion will be developed that will justify their friends in Conirress demanding that the matter be "straightened out" by turning the whole question over to a commission and deny workers the right to strike pending an investigation. SI'JAMKX'S LAW MtOTKOTS. Seattle, Wash. Judge Netercr has notified ship owners that the" Seamen's law, which is so bitterlv onnoscd bv ihem, has "teeth," and they must abandon old practices, in their treatment of seamen. This decision was made in the case of a seaman who shipped from Australia for Puget Sound. On arriving in this, city lie made complaint that he was bru tally treated by the second mate and that the captain of the vessel permitted his subordinate to cseane arrest. The owner and captain of the vessel attempted to avoid responsibility by claiming that the Seamen's Law did not apply in this ease as the complainant was not a citizen of the United States. To this claim the court replied: "The fact that the libelant is not a citizen of the United States docs not change his relation to the act, as engag ing in the service as one of the crew of the American ship 'lilakely' brought him within the protection and benefits of all of the laws passed by Congress on behalf of American seamen, and subject to all of their obligations and liabili ties." I'lilT.MI.KISS MA KM CAIN'S. Leominster, Mass. After a four weeks strike the Plumbers' Union se cured a .lO-cent wage increase, and six months later, 10 cents, together with a H-hour week six months in the year. Santa liarhara, Cal. Plunibcrs and steamfittcrs in this citv have raised ! wages without a strike. Thorough or ganization made the success of these workers possible. CAKMICXT WOUKKltti ADVAXCH. Eric, Pa. Members of the United Garment Workers' union employed by the Standard Manufacturing company have raised wages ." per cent as a result of conferences. The increase affects cutters, operators and finishers. TRADE UNION METHODS SUCCEED IN PORTO RICO Washington. l'orto Rico workers have been benefited by affiliation to the American Federation of Labor, writes Organizer Santiago Iglcsias, of San Juan, Porto Rico, to A. F. of L. head quarters. "There has been a true and real awak ening of the laborers in all the trades and different industries of San Juan," he says. "The spirit of the labor move ment and organization is more intense than ever before in past history. It seems that the seed of unionism, sown for so many years, is now sprouting strongly and vigorously in this capital of the island and other important towns. "The strikes that have broken forth in the middle of last August, up to this date, have been more frequent and nu merous than at any other time in the history of the labor movement of the American Federation of Labor in Porto Rico. The coal workers, the longshore men and the men employed at the wharves and railroad warehouses have risen to a man and gone on strike, and all their demands have met. with success. Their victoryhas been encouraging, and has cast considerable credit on the var ious labor organizations that have been helping, encouraging and leading these important movements." Organizer Iglcsias also states that rail road shop employes of San Juan won a strike that secured higher wages, better working conditions and more liberty of action. Female employes of the Porto Rican-American Tobacco company, to the number of !.',00(), secured improved conditions as the result of a strike. The same is true of meat cutters and butch ers. litiilding craftsmen and employes in the metal trades arc still on strike. "All these strikes," continues Organ izer Iglcsias, "have been managed and helped along by the representatives of the American Federation of Labor, in whom the non-organized workcrs, who were the majority among the strikers, had their confidence and trust. "As a result of the propaganda, free meetings in the open air and all activi ties, literature, etc., throughout the island, the workingmen of Porto Rico will achieve great moral uplift and con siderable benefits in the different trades. "These people are now gathering the fruits of their endeavors. As a result of the strikes, sonic 20 new charters will be needed and each "new union will con tain a full contingent of members with more experience than ever. OPTICAL WOltltKltS STKIKK. Southbridge, Mass. A strike of ."00 workers employed by the American Op tical company should dispel the illusion that this industry employs nothing but the highest skilled workers. Most of the strikers are Greeks, Rumanians, Al banians, Italians and Poles, and many of them cannot understand the English lan guage. In the lens shop piece-work is the rule and $l.!ir. and $1.00 is the aver age for a 10 and lu-hour day. The Labor News of Worcester makes this comment on the strike: "The good old bunk adage that the American manufacturer desires 'protec tion' and .'. higher tariff as a 'protection' for his employes 'from the pauper labor of Europe' is being shown up in an other instance where the employer hires that verv sort of labor and screws the poor foreigner down to a wage level lower than anv American would work for. And after driving the noor for eigner as far as possible into the mire of inadequate wages and proper condjtions, is it surprising that the poor immigrant should revolt and should talk of organ izing unions? It is shown more con clusively every day even to t,he poor, striking foreigner, that the trade union is his only salvation against greed and tyranny. KK.IKCT ItOCKKFKIiliKlt "UXIOX" Trinidad, Coin. The Monthly Bulletin of the Colorado Fuel and Iron company nays a ulowinn trilmtc to the Rockefel ler "union," whose record, it is staled, "has hecn thoroughly gratifying to all Who have the interests of this company and its employes at heart." Editor O'Xeil of the Trinidad Free Press, is cynical, however, and makes this comment : "Xo one would expect that a publica tion financed by the Colorado Fuel and Iron company would condemn the 'in dustrial plan' formulated hv the salaried cabinet of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. "The 'industrial plan' established by Rockefeller is a failure, and the fact that the miners and other employes em ployed in the plants of the Colorado I'uel ami Iron company, are deserting the 'industrial plan' and becoming mem bers of the United Mine Workers of America, proves that laboring men have discerned the swindle that has been palmed off as an institution that will preserve the interests of the economic master, while protecting the interests of the victim of wage slavery. "The Monthly Iiullctinis endeavoring to bolster up a farce, but its effort to im pose upon the credulity of the working class will be met with the building up of a real union on the ruins of an 'in dustrial plan,' that died from the ail ments of its own infamy." Defective Eyesight If your eyes arc in any way defective, let me restore them to the normal. Examination without the use of drugs. J. HORB OPTOMETRIST I K Ufoci Qlvth Qi Next Door to Dills Engine House 10 YKBbl OlAlll Oh Established 1858 BUY YOUR UNION GOODS OF MAX H. G0LDH0FF Hatter and Gents' Furnisher 1425-27 Vine Street Union Made Shirts Union Made Hats, $1.45 and $1.90 Wear Siebler Clothes MADE TO MEASURE $15.00 SIEBLER TAILORING CO. Fifth and Elm Streets Save Your Combings Vc make fhem up into switches, transformations, putts, etc. All work guaranteed. BENZINGER'S HAIR STORE formerly HAMBROCK'S Phone C. 1304-X 1527 VINE, Below Liberty Mail orders given prompt and careful attention. Write for information. Good Things To Eat 28 Opera Place A Full Line of Gents' Furnishing Goods with the Union Label Henry Guthardt 1531 Vine St. Cincinnati, O. GEO. C. SJEFKE TAILOR 506 MAIN STREET Phone Canal 285 CINCINNATI All Kinds of Cakes and Confections forPartica, Weddings, Balls, Etc., a Specialty The Union Bakery A . WOLF, Proprietor Baker of Bread, Rolls and Cake 1SS3 CENTRAL AVE. Phone West 3670-L CINCINNATI, O. M. ANDREAS, Prop. Phone Canal 342 Peoples Market House STRICTLY UNION 1218 Linn St. 120 West Elder St. 703 McMillan St. 8th St. and Matson Place, Price Hill. Fit-Rite Merchant Tailoring Co. 407 E. Filth St., one door east of Broadway Suits to Order from $15.00 up Why not he good to yotir feet and trea them to a pair of our chocs Robert Brinkman DEALER IN FINE FOOTWEAR 24 Fifteenth St., near Race Phone C. 1362-X Cel "Neit" to Real Values and WEAR BRINKMAN'S SHOES Walnut Hills Dairy Co. Producers of Absolutely Pure Milk and Cream Alio BUTTER, BUTTERMILK and COTTAGE CHEESE 2363 ST. JAMES AVENUE Phone Woodburn 5003 and our Salesman will Ca Telephone Canal 3993 -Y NIEHAUS The Tailor UNION MADE Dry Cleaning, Dyeing, Repairing and Pressing done at short notice. N W. for. 13th and Spring Sts. Cincinnati, Ohio W.J. NIEHAUS W. J. GROTHAUS Niehaus Floral Shop Flowers for the Occasion Phone Canal S6SO Res. Phone Avon 261I-R 12 E. Twelfth St. Cincinnati, O.