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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
II u IV I i m iV ;'f HIGH COST OF FIRING EMPLOYES Kstliiiuted In Twelve Metal Kac- torlcs To Hi! Not Less Than u Million a Vcn I'. "Hiring and firing," all large cniploy crs of labor now recognize, forms the greatest leakage in modern business. Jn many establishments the men who do the employing have come to be known- as "the fortune-tellers." ft is the one place in which everything is haphazard. Air. Magnus W. Alexander, one of the engineers of the General Electric Com pany, has demonstrated this great waste mathematically. Taking the employ ment statistics of 12 metal factories, lo cated in 0 States, he has found that these places employed :!7,274 persons at the beginning of the year and 4:t.1)71 at the end. Their normal increase in em ployes, therefore, was C,,(i!t7. Had mat ters worked efficiently, these factories should have employed only (i,(!)7 men or slightly more, making due allowance for death, sickness and other natural causes of dismissal. In reality, these factories had hired 4.',r71 new people. We must ponder these figures carefully to get their full significance. In order to obtain (i,OM new employes, these es tablishments, all representative and "ef ficient" American concerns, had to em ploy 45,000!"' Out of seven men taken on, only one stayed. After making lib eral deductions, Mr. Alexander calcu lated that these la factories employed J4,r()0 men and women whom they were unable to retain. Each person repre sented an expense ranging from $.10 to $!.'00. The companies had to keep a clerical force to hire these people and place their names on the pay-roll. They had to pay foremen and assistants to instruct them. They had to stand the expense of damaged and broken tools due to inexperience. The reduced rate of production represented another posi tive loss, and then there was the spoiled work which "new hands" turn out in such abundance. Mr. Alexander takes the lowest estimate. $,",0 per man, as representing this loss. At this rate, "hiring and firing" caused a waste in these factories of nearly $1,000, 000 a year. At the highest estimate. $200, the practice resulted in a waste of $4,000,000, Huhton J. IIkniikick, in December Harper's. CONGRESSMAN LEADS FIGHT TO PUT EMBARGO ON FOOD STUFF Washington. Representative Fitzger ald, Democrat, chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, announced today that he favored an embargo on foodstuffs and that it was his purpose to prepare a bill and to press the sub ject early the coming session of Con gress. "Two reasons chictly impel me to fa vor embargo legislation on foodstuffs," said Fitzgerald. "The prices of foodstuffs have reach ed levels that are bringing widespread distress to the country. .Many hundreds of thousands of our people arc suffer ing from the lack of the necessities of 'life.' Wholesale prices in many com modities are less abroad today than they were a year ago; here the retail prices have advanced alarmingly. "The argument that nothing should be done to jntcrfcrc with the expansion of our foreign trades does not impress me. Of wliat profit is it if our foreign trade is to grow with leaps and bounds while our own people are brought to the verge of starvation as a result of it. "The time is ripe for the embargo and I hope to see legislation speedily enacted to impose it. Let America be for America first." It seems to be cenerally agreed here that the coming session of Congress will see a fight over the embargo proposal which is backed by monster petitions signed by thousands of persons and or ganizations. President Wilson and the cabinet arc understood to oppose "it. From Baltimore comes the informa tion that the American Federation of Labor, which is meeting there, will con sider a resolution demanding an em bargo on the exportation of foodstuffs from this country until the entire need of the .American people for food for the coming year shall have been met, and calls for grand jury indictment and prison .sentences for all persons found guilty of raising the price of food ar tificially. HARDING I'OIt 8-IIOlTlt DAV. Washington, Xov. 28. Support of Federal legislation to make an eight hour day as generally applicableas con ditions will permit, will be given by U. S. Senator Warren G, Harding of Ohio, according to his declaration made on his return to Washington. (SliASS ISIjOWKIIK STIUKK .Vt. Vernon, 0., NTov. 28. Two hun dred and fifty men were thrown out of employment at the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co.'s plant here today when 18 machine blowers struck. The strikers, win have been earning $4 for eight hours' work, ask a a.") per cent increase. WAGES ARE BOOSTED ONE THIRD Ami More Hy New Vork Clothing Makers aa.OOO Tailors Af fected Hy "Haisc." New Vork. An increase in pay from :i." to 40 per cent to meet the increased cost of living will be given the 112,000 employees of members of the American Clothing Manufacturers' Association be ginning December; 18, it was announced here. The advance will represent an increase in wages of $8,000,000 a year. The increase will be given to all em ployees regardless of whether they arc affiliated with the union, according to a statement made by Herbert C. Ansorg; president of the association. Slightly more than half of the per sons employed in the men's clothing trade in New York will be benefited. Three-fourths of them are men and the remainder women. "Inasmuch as most of the tailors in this branch of the industry are employed by contractors," said Mr. Ansorg, "each member of the association will make arangements with his respective con tractors during the early part of Decem ber to enable them to meet the granted increase to their workmen." ' . JIUI,S VHK AXCIIOXT KV.C.S In Attack on Telephone Strike breakers in Toledo. Toledo, Ohio. Girl strike pickets of the Ohio State Telephone Company re sorted to the use of ancient eggs tonight in assailing girl strike-breakers. The assault occurred in front of a downtown hotel, about 7 o'clock, when a number of strike-breakers were being taken out of. the hotel. Chief of Police Herbert and a squad of police were near by, but they could not control the pickets until they had exhausted the supply ot poultry shrapnel. Three girls were arrested as result of the affair. They are Marie Truman, 10 years old; Hazel Link, 22, and Grace, Cassidy, 25. They arc charged with creating a disturbance. Their release was effected by bond put up by the labor officials. A taxicab used to haul strike-breakers to the long distance exchange at In diana avenue and Thirteenth street was burned late this afternoon. The strik ers are accused by telephone authorities of causing the fire. The taxi was left standing at the curb near the plant while the chauffeur went indoors. When he returned the" entire machine was aflame. PROTECTION FOR THE ROADS ADVOCATED Hy l'. S. Senator Vai'iluuiaii, Who Was in Cini'iiinati. -"Must Insure .lustier I'libllc, as In nocent Third I'ai-ty, Should Also He Looked Alter. "It ought to be as broad as it is long and so, if the Federal Government as sumes to tell the railroad managers what they shall pay their employes and how long they shall work, the same Federal Government should see to it that there is no oppression on the part of the employes of the managers," said United States Senator James K. Varda man of Mississippi, at the Gibson hotel recently. "1 do not think that the rail way employes have made, nor do 1 an ticipate that they will make unreasonable demands on the railway managers and insist on them by threat of a strike, but it should be the duty of Congress to see that justice is insured, that both sides deal justly and fairly with one another and especially that tile general public is not made to suffer as an innocent, third party. I have no specific legislation in mind but I do believe that it will occu py much of the attention of Congress when it convenes next Monday." "Anything going on in Mississippi?" asked the reporter. "No," said Senator Vardaman, "we are normally Democratic ami gave Pres ident Wilson every precinct in the State, and I am only sorry there were not more precincts." Senator Vardaman left for Washing ton. DEATH CLAIMS "TOM" M'GOVERN Former Assistant Clerk in I'olit-i: Department Succumbs. Thomas McGovern, retired assistant chief clerk of the police department, died Monday morning after an illness of sev eral months, at his home, 17(i:i Town send Avenue. lie was (ill vears of age and was retired in 1015. He became a clerk in the police department in 1880. The deceased was one of the founders of the Policemen's Uenevolent associa tion and at the time of his death was secretary of the association. He recent ly went through an exciting campaign i for the office and won. CONTRACTING FIRMS WHO ARE FAIR TO UNION LABOR (Continued from page 10) Nltzscher & David, Ml V. Liberty t. Nolan, E. J., 1037 E. McMickcn avc. Nicmes, Henry, 4112 Hamilton avc. Kccnan, Tlios., 330 E. Third st. KiutcnbcrR Plumbing Co., Harrison avc. and Ilnrnaril st. Kyan 1'lumbinR Co., A. ., 41G V. Fourth St. banger, C, 1540 Hapsburg st. Schuster & Wagner. 1228 Walnut St. Schwartz St Kern, 2117 W. Eighth St. Suttkatnp, II. I!., 764 Clark st. Schlcmmcr, Robt., 1709 Linn st. Scluilto llros.. Mills and Allison avc., Norwood. Stark, H. J 2010 Vine st. Schanzcl. E. A., 77D E. McMillan St. nipple, Chas., 4050 Hamilton avc. Smith, M. J., 717 llroadway. U. S. 1'lumbinff Sr Heating Co., 744 V. Court. Vogclpohl St Co., J. J 4155 Hamilton avc. Wanner Pros., 1230 Vine st. Weber S Co., Louis It., 000 Freeman avc. West End Plumbing Co., Eighth and Depot sts. Wiot, J 2007 Madison rd. Western Plumbing Co., 1716 Elm St. Weiss, Geo., C015 Main sr., Madisonvillc. Attlcsev Co.. 819 Vine st. Dyer Co.. Thos. J Third and Walnut sts. Jcnike St Bridge, 133 E. Ninth st. COVINGTON, KY. Coyne, Jos. J., 31 W. Sixth st. Kelly, I'd C, 422 Main st. Sheridan, Thomas, 1115 Madison avc. NEWPORT, KY. Mahcr l'.ros., Sixth and Washington avc. Richards. Walter J., 727 York st. White, W. W. 000 York st. I1KKII PUMP AX1) CAUHOXIC COMPANIES. llishop-Ilabcock Co., 225 W. Fourth St. Liquid Carbonic Co., Second and Central ave. Western Plumbing Co., 1711, Elm st. SHEET METAL WORK. Contractors iOmploylng Members of the Sheet Metnl Workers' Union. lleckman. Win., & Son, Fifteenth and Bremen. Gibson, E. L.. 222 George st. THOMAS LEE, Manufacturer of Label Ap proved Metal-Clad Panel Doors, Label Ap proved Hollow Metallic Windows, Label Ap proved Tin-Clad Fire Doors, Skylights and Roofing, Dust and Shaving Systems. Lee Hampered Ventilators. 12S, 130, 132 W. Second st. Lemon, W. A. 047 W. Eighth st. Witt & Drown. Third and Elm sts. Meyer, Ed. Elm and Green sts. Harkncss Mr Towlcr, Findlay and Providence. Gr'eiwe St llros., 1128 llroadway. Rother & Hccg, Liberty and Walnut sts. Franck, A., State and South aves. Kruckemejcr Roofing & Furnace Co., 1410 Plum Kuhlman, Geo., 1207 Main st. Konclcnt. II., 2723 Vine st. Imbus Stove Store, 417 W. Fifth st. Frcund Roofing Co., Jacob. Keller & Co.. L. E. Kobmann, Chas., 1019 Central ave. Xcabrcy, Leonard, 037 W. Court St. FUKXACICS. Imbus Stove Store, 417 W. Fifth st. Kruckcmeycr Roofing & Furnace Co., 1410 Plum Peck, Anderson & Peck Co., Court and Syca more sts. IIKATIXG AX1) VKXTILATIXG. PECK, ANDERSON & PECK, Engineers, Con tractors and Manufacturers of Furnaces, Steam and Hot Water Heating Apparatus, court ana sycamore sts., Cincinnati, UIuo, Phones, Canaf 23 and 2048. Phillips & Co., II., 523 W. Eighth St. Williamson Heater Co. FRIEDLANDER Is l'oiul:ir With Dan Itauer, Who Intimates That Kriedliuitlcr Is Only Worth One Thousand a Vein- Hut He Collects lOifiht Thousand I'Yoni the City. James ISoyle, business agent of the City and Sanitary Drivers' union, ask ed the l'mancc committee of the City Pnnni'il 1nnrlnv tn riMvmimpnil illrrensps in the wages of street cleaning employes. He said the street cleaners were paid scarcely enough to live on. Edward llntliti':iti ,ctim:itnrl tll.'lt tllr inrrpnses asked for in the Department of Public Properties, including janitors, elevator men, market watchmen, with the increas- i.c vmtnfl liv tlin wnlpr-u'nrks mill tile .... ........... ... ... ...... ..-. -. workhouse employes, would amount to ' $20.(1(10 a year. Councilman Mullen ask- ed that consideration be given to the $!2-a-day man, as they, most of all, need increased salaries. "I think some member of this com mittee should be appointed to investigate advisability of shaving bigb salaries paid some city officials.'1 This statement was made hy Dan Bauer, councilman, at a meeting of coun cil finance committee recently. Bauer said some officials receive salaries out of proportion to those paid minor employes. "There is one whose salary I would like to see cut to nothing." said Bauer, "and that-is Safety Director Friedlander, wlio does not need the money." The committee informed the drivers and helpers' union it would do all in its power to obtain an increase for street cleaning department employes, but it could not make any promises. SlllltT MAKKItS WIN KTKIKK. Coaldale, Pa The J. W. Shirt Com pany moved from New Vork to this place to defeat striking employes. But the irerm of unionism seems as active in Coaldale as in the Empire State, as the shirt company manage ment discovered when its employes struck after they were denied the right to organize and improve conditions. Officers of the United Garment Work ers' Union advised with the strikers, who finally secured wage increases that average 40 per cent, same to continue until January 1, when another agiee ment will he negotiated. "That woman's tongue goes as fast as an express' "Which isn't the only point of resein hhnce, for, like an express, it is always on the rail." Baltimore American. KIXGIIKX EQUIPMENT. John Van Range Co., Fifth and llroadway. METAL CEILINGS. EdwardsMfg. Co., Fifth and Egglcston ave. Meyer, Ldw., Elm and Green sts. Keck, Anderson & I'eck Co., Court and Syca more sts. stea:ifitting contrac tors. Km ploying Members of Local Union Xo. :i2, United Association of Plumbers, Gnsfitters anil SteamflUers. Rachlcr, II. L. Cincinnati Heating Co., The. Conncrs, John. Conncrs, I". J. Crane, M. A., Estate. Douglas'Plumbing and Heating Co. Gccrin llros. & Co. Langc, L. A. Love, Picket &' Nulscn Co. Morlidge & Co., G. E. Meyers, I-'. W. Nicmes, Hcnrv. Nichol Co.. Thos. J. I'eck, Anderson & Peck Co., Court and Sca- more sts. Schulthcis Sr Son. Michael. Schlcmmcr Co., Oliver. Schulthcis Co.. Edw. Vance-Lucke Co., The. Vogelpohl Co., John J. Winters, Frank M. Williamson Heater Co. STONE WORK. Contractors Who Employ Members of the Journeymen .Stone cutters' Union. Tiarge, C, 3013 Jefferson avc. riucnte, L. C, 3050 Spring Grove ave. Carl llros., 42 Lewis St., Covington, Ky. Daucli,,Gregory, 2924 Vaughn st. Graveson, Win.. Smmcs and Florence ave. Geisc, Win., 1807 Ouecn City avc. Hcnninger. Jake, Norwood. O. Hummcll Building Co., 2029 Spring Grove ave. Imasnn. I. , Fourteenth and Spring sts., Covington. Ky. Kasselmann, Geo., Oakley ave., Oakley. Kcllingliam, II., 1 134 Dayton st. Lanhan, W'm., Ilrewster avc. and Montgomery pk., Evanston. Law-son ComDositc Stone Co., 3233 Fredonia av. Lang & Co., N. C. 2003 S mmes st. Mersch Sons, F.. 1037 Wade t. Newport Stone Co., Monmouth St., Newport. Scullv Construction Co., Commercial-Tribune Bide. Steroff, II.. S1S0 Western ave. I'iclaoe & Co., II., 1043 Flint st. Westlakc Construction Co. TILE SETTERS. Contractors Employing Union Tile Setters. Foy & Starr Co., 902 Main st. Kramig Tile Co., 430 E. Eighth st. Martini Tile Co. CHAS. L. SHANNON & SONS, 17 E. Canal st. Phones, Canal 343 and 344. "Tiles for All Purposes Where Tiles Should Tic Used." Shirmer & Co., A.. 432 Reading rd. Winston Tile Co., T. H. BIGELOW HAS OWN CANDIDATE A German American who has held office probably will run as an independ ent candidate for mayor next fall on a municipal ownership ticket if the Demo crats fail to indorse municipal owner ship, according to II, S. Bigelow of the People's church. Bigelow declined to divulge his name. He said, however, it was not Attorney Colon Schott, Dr. Gottbard Deutsch or J, M. Eilers, all of whom have been sup porters of the league. Attorney Theodore Horstman, who once was city solicitor, has been men tioned. Horstman ran as an independent candidate for mayor in 11)1 1. Bigelow in his Sunday sermon, dis cussing the mayoralty, also nominated by description a man as the next Democratic candidate for president. Erom this de scription it was guessed Bigelow's can didate is Henry Eord. Bigelow predicted national prohibition will be the issue in the next national campaign. WACSKS IXCKKASKI). Toledo. Increase in the cost of living was given recently hy officials of the Edward Eord Plate-glass Co., as the rea son for a wage increase of 8 per cent to 1,(150 employes, effective December 1. R. M. TEDTMAN UNION MADE GOODS ssssssssssssssslsssssf MEltS TO ORDER Auf Wiedersehen CAFE and RESTAURANT FRED. HOCK, Proprietor The Labor Headquarters of Cincinnati, S. W. Cor. Twelfth and Walnut Sts WM. IRWIN Samples A IRWIN SHOE COMPANY FINE SHOES 578 WEST SIXTH STREET, East of A POINT TO REMEMBER We Bank on Quality and Win on Price. KAPPNER'S BIG SHOE STORE 1319 MAIN STREET Fancy Shoes and Hosiery for All Union Made Shi RiruireJ. S t H bn isd Strttj Strops Cm Fret. Open Evening! Phone Canal I601-R Phone, Weil 2983-Y DINNER LUNCH MICHAEL MERKEL CAFE and SUMMER GARDEN j 2974 Sprin Crof. Atc. CINCINNATI, O. i Tel., Canal 174S-R Strictly Union Coodi J FRANK GARDNER i CAFE Pavilion and Belvedere Sis., ML ADAMS j Frederick A. Poweleit, Jr. MAKER OF ER OF U X f original A Ligar THE STRICTLY UNION MADE 68 iE. McMicken Ave. FRANK RENN, Prop. Slricll, Union C.0J1 Mercer Hall Cafe 1324 Vine St., Cor. Mercer CINCINNATI, 0 Telephone Canal 1280-R Hall for Society Meetings Hauck's Beer on Tap j C. J. LUCHTE & CO. j d n rnAi j rnvv ill Kind. wvraa nun VUIIK TOURING CARS and TRUCKS for Hire All Orders Promptly Attended to 2 113 West J4th St. CINCINNATI. O. Bet. Race and Elm Phone Caul 1329 Phone Canal 3860-R H. HEITRER DEALER IN FINE BOOTS and SHOES S. E. Cor. Fifth and Culvert Sts. Branchl PaTillon and Beltldere Sta. Aeoalrlng Neatly and Fromptlr Done. CINCINNATI. O. Phone, Canal 3888-R m A U I win can and Deliver We Are Here! The Economy Shoe Repairing Go. We fix your shoes while you wait in 10 minutes BEST WHITE OAK LEATHER USED Reasonable prices. Don't forget, Give us a trial 35 East Sixth Street Cincinnati, O. 3 Doors West of Weatherhead't. Drug Store UNION-MADE UNDERWEAR SHIRTS, COLLARS and other Men Furnishings at SEITER BROS. 13th and Vine Sts. Merchant Tailor Telephone, Canal 1298-R 1413 Vine Street Phone Canal 1262 MOERIEIN'S BEER Specialty GEO. W. DOHRMAN Mound CINCINNATI, O. :j -'