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THE LABOR ADVOCATE Life and Very Existence of the Labor Press and Trade Union Publications Are Threatened Post Office Department Determined to Increase Cost of Dissemination of News, Interchange of Thought and to Molest Opportunity for Knowledge and Culture. y MATTHEW AVOIilj, President International Allied Printing Trades Association, Vice President International .Labor Press of America. Ihe House Post Office Committee lias favorably reported the annual ap propriation bill with a rider which will raise the rates on all second-class mat ter from one to six cents a pound based on a zone system. Never before have the publishers of the country been con-, fronted with more difficulties and un certainties. The unprecedented rise in the cost of white paper and all supplies entering into printing, are sufficient rea sons for grave concern and worriment. To add such a provision contained in the rider in question is the last straw. The zone system, itself, will paralyze every publication of national circula tion; it will affect, first, the religious "papers many of them exponents of small and .scattered denominations. Many of these arc already .struggling for existence.- Second, the trade pa pers, all of which are depending on a national clientele their readers are scattered from coast to coast. Third, the great literary magazines, women's papers, fashions, etc., publications de voted to music, the arts, and all such subjects of common interest to the whole country. Fourth, the political weeklies and reviews, and the widely scattered weekly editions of daily news papers. Fifth, the National farm papers and particularly those devoted to special interests as stock raising, bee culture, the poultry, the nursery, and orchardry papers which bind in a common interest these great branches of agriculture. Last, but not least, all the trade union publications, and the entire labor press, will be seriously menaced. The publica tions of the American Federation of Labor, the official journals of the inter national trade unions, news letters of central labor unions and the labor press of this country arc highly educational in their character, and essential in the worker's economic and industrial strug gle of today. To increase the item of postage on these publications from 300 to GOO. per cent will force many of them out of existence. The great majority of these publica tions are published east of the Mississ ippi River, and the bulk east of the Ohio River." Their average zone would be 1,000 miles, and their postage II cents per pound. Calculate your postage and see what it would be. Its vexations of applications would be tremendous I Fifty-six thousand pist offices in eight different zones! How many publishers can stand 3 cents per pound under ex isting conditions? This proposed legislation again brings into controversy the everlasting at tempts of the Post Office Department to increase the postage of publications and to molest the workers' opportunity for knowledge and culture. Each and every attempt thus far made in the past to intcrcferc with the dissemination of news by proposing to increase the rates of second-class mail matter has been vigorously opposed by the American Federation of Labor. During the month of July, 1!)lt, about fifty labor editors met in Chicago to consider the proposed increase of second-class post age rates, which the Post Office De partment then proposed. Having care fully considered the effect any increase in postage rates would have upon the trade union publications, the labor edi tors in attendance selected President Gompers, Mr. W. J. Adams and myself as a committee to vigorously protest against any increase whatever in postage VAIiUK OV UNIONISM SHOWN. Seattle, Wash. Editor Ault of the Union Record contributes this bon mot to the unorganized : "The Pugct Sound Traction, Light & Power company has raised the wages of its employes 1 cent per hour. The em ployes of this company arc unorganized and havc consistently refused to form into a union. The raise in pay may be said to be a reward for faithful service but it is worthy of note that the em ployes of the Seattle, Rcnton & Southern Railway company, who are organized, arc getting 1 cent an hour more than the unorganized street car men and have better working conditions all around." DKMANI) IIUMAXI2 TltKATMKNT. Allentown, Pa. Decent and humane treatment is one of the reasons why em ployes of the Lehigh Star Bedding com pany arc now on strike. Other demands include a wage increase of 20 per cent for piece workers and 15 per cent for day workers. The strikers say they arc forced to work long hours under a speeding up system. In answeer to the "high wage" claim of the company it is stated that one employe was paid $25 for a week of 70 hours. In a statement issued to the public, the strikers say : "We are prepared to prove that an official of the company tried to incite violence early in the strike in order to discredit the workers." rates. Subsequently this committee ap peared before the Hughes Commission, which was then authorized to investigate the entire subject of second-class mat ter. The declarations of the Chicago Conference of Labor Editors were clear and definite, and emphasized strong ly that organized labor and the labor press were unalterably opposed to any increase in postage rates. The commit tee herein referred to directed the Hughes Commission's attention to the fact that the effort then being made on the part of the post-office officials to increase the postage rates was the first attempt on record of any civilized gov ernment to increase postage rates, and to make the .interchange of ideas among intelligent people more diffi cult and expensive. The committee al so d'rectcd attention to the fact that by an effective comparison with every other department of the government the de mand for an increase in postage rates was illogical and inadvisalnWor the pub lic good. After a most exhaustive in vestigation the Hughes Commission of 1011 only proposed a two-cent per pound for 'second-class postage. Postmaster General Iiurleson, in his last message, suggested only Vs cents per pound, and the Postmaster General was so impress ed with the present difficulties of the publishers that he sent a letter to Judge Moon, Chairman of the' House Post office Committee, under date of Decem ber 4th, suggestingi that on account of the high cost of white paper no increase be made at this time; and yet we find now, that an increase is proposed higher than that proposed by the Hughes Com mission in 1011 higher than that pro posed some time ago by Postmaster General Burleson, and at a time when conditions in the printing and publishing industry arc worse than they have ever been heretofore. Every trade union and trade unionist, every publisher of a trade union publi cation, and the editor of every labor paper should be alive to their own dan ger of extinction, and should do their part to defeat such discriminatory and threatening legislation. We want no molestation in the dis semination of news in the interchange of thought in the opportunity for knowledge and culture. Whatever affects the industry as a whole affects all its parts labor of all kinds, compositors, pressmen, clectro typers, stcrcotypcrs, photo-engravers, bookbinders, paper-makers, machinists, and hundreds of others vitally interested in a proposition to curtail the output and influence of a most potent force which is binding the country together. In the printing industry alone there arc approx imately one-third of a million of men and women affected by this proposed legislation. AgainI urge that you will not only communicate with all members of Con gress, but that you will also urge upon your members and readers the fact that Congress is adding still another burden in that they are thus levying another tax upon the intelligence and culture of the country. Kvery trade union, every trades unionist, their friends, associates and sympathizers, every reader and member of organized labor should immediately protest, against tills contemplated legislation. Act now!! Don't delay until it is too late. This is urgent! ! ! UNIONISM XKHDKD 1IKKK. Fort Worth, Tex. In his monthly re port President Cunningham of the state federation of labor makes the following reference to lumber conditions in the eastern part of this state : "While in Orange I learned of a con dition existing in the lumber camps that is deplorable, to say the least. The un skilled laborers in that industry have not had an advance in wages nor a change in hours of labor or conditions of employment in 25 years, and yet we arc told the lumber interests are mak ing no profits or dividends. The public knows how the price of lumber has in creased during this period. Surely it was not the high price of labor that in creased the price of this commodity." UNIONISM IC.VDIOI) SUNDAY WORK. St. Joseph. Mo. "It was the Journey men Barbers' union that emancipated the men from Sunday slavery and exceed ingly long hours," said Organizer Sha ncssy at an open meeting of Barbers' union. "The day of individualism is passed and the time for unified effort is here," he said. "No one man can bring about shorter hours of employment, higher wages or improved sanitary conditions in the barber shops. It must be done by the concerted efforts of those most interested." The New Year's Opportunity Samuel Gompers In a Strong Editorial In the American t ederatiomst, Shows the Great Opportunity Offered To Labor In 1917. The dawn of a year is inseparable from a feeling of hope it means op portunity. Opportunity is all that the outside world can give us; the ability and wisdom to take advantage of op portunity must come from within. Op portunity is the key that opens the way. Tile vpnr 1017 flnu-tie tit-ir,,-, .. ...r..-1,l . -- - .- . .... ...i.s i. jvju n I, UIIU engaged in a titanic conflict, with mil lions 01 men drawn in oattlc array upon fields that for mnnv mnntlic linvn l.n.... drenched in blood. The wastage, the suncring anu tne pity ot it all can not but cast a shadow over the whole world. But even in this fprrililn tlnniim. fl,,,-.. is a gleam of hope. There may yet be opportunity to oring out ol it all a bet ter organization for freedom ami for In,. man welfare. The fightnig alone can not bring about that for which W llnni" tllnf nn n.i.n only by consecrating the unutterable suin-ung hi me men aim women anu children of Europe to a tremendous, purposeful, unselfish effort to put aside everything else but the best interests of humanity in the future. Tile llone for fipnrp ttlrnc nnirnrl,. fr the dawn of 1917 in fearful anticipation icst any apportumty lie unavailing. In our own country we find unrest and con- umuiis mac may icau to grave conse quences, even to a reversal of the wheels of progress, but there is an element of hope in it all, for there is DKKKNDS ADAMSON LAW, Indianapolis. Editor Dobson, of the Bricklayer, Mason and Plasterer, pre sents this defense and explanation of the Adamson law : "First of all, it is not a 'wage-increase law. Its operation gives the railroad worker the opportunity to complete his day's labor in eight hours because he can make his hundred-mile or less run within the prescribed number of hours by reason of the fact that the railroad com panies will cut down abnormally long freight trains to such size that a dozen instead of one-half that number of miles are made an hour. This is all the rail road worker asks. He does not want long hours and delays en route; neither does he want overtime pay, except only as a penalty to nut a ston to the nrac- tice of piling on all the cars an engine can draw under favorable conditions. "When the Adamson law becomes op erative the railroad train service work er will enjoy his home and home life like a man, while the shipper, the mer chant and the general public will be benefited materially in that much time npw lost will be gained in transporta tion." "KKKUSKl) TO AIUSTTKATH." Cleveland. The Locomotive Engin eers' Journal is making merry with those people who denounce train service men for refusing to arbitrate an eight-hour demand. Recently Ashtabula, Ohio, doctors called a meeting of their organization and raised prices. Ihe railroad mens paper says: "Of course it is not a question for arbitration, it is a public pill the people may take or suiter the consequences. "If it were a labor organization, the next state legislature would doubtless be confronted with petitions to make them submit to compulsory arbitration, but the doctors have the best of it their organization obtained a law driv ing all the scab medicine-mongers out of the state. "What a difference there is in whose ox is gored 1" TltADH UNIONISTS ASSAULTED. LaSallc, 111. A. F. of L. Organizers Chubbuck and Whcnncn were assaulted by thugs, presumably in the employ of a cement company, whose workers have been on strike since last May. Whcn ncn was shot in the thigh. The cement workers formed a union to end the 11 and 13-hour workday. The company discharged the union's officials and a strike resulted. The strikers de clare that working in a cement mill is a tough job under any circumstances, even when an eight-hour day prevails, but when men are forced to endure 111 hours of heart-breaking, lung destroying labor in the dust cloud of a cement plant, it is inhuman. UXIOX SHOP KECOCJXIZKI). Dallas, Tex. The Builders' associa tion, representing all the large contract ing firms in this city, has signed a two years' union shop agreement with the Building Trades Council. Only mem bers of organized labor will hereafter be employed by these concerns. Temerarious The Tenor. Roy Jones, he of the tenor voice, took chances and visited in Duraugo this week. The Silvcrton (Col.) Standard. opportunity, and the eyes of the masses of the common people are looking for ward; they have not lost the larger vis ion; they arc not willing to sell the birthright of freedom for a mess of pot tage. The hope and the spirit of the people is enough to swing the whole na tion past impending dangers and carry us ever onward toward wider freedom and higher ideals. Though there are problems and dang ers on every hand, the organized labor movement of America faces the dawn of another year with greater numbers, more united ranks, and with a spirit of unity that is greater than in any pre ceding year. There is a spirit of militancy, an ag gressive insistence upon rights and justice, that indicates that the opportu nities of 1017 will be used for the better ment of all humanity. Immeasurable opportunities lie in the coming year. It will depend upon the men and women of labor how the op portunities will be used. Men of labor renew your consecration to the cause and let your determination be firm that not one backward step will be taken; that the whole mass of humanity shall press forward to a better life; gird your selves for renewed efforts; be on tiptoe for the work of the coming year and the years to come. A happy and successful New Year to all. V. S. PAl'EK MILL FAVOItKI). Washington. The establishment of a government paper mill is recommended by a sub-committee of the joint commit tee on printing of congress". It is. stated that the government uses 30,000,000 pounds of paper annually and that the difficulties encountered in securing -paper promptly at reasonable prices should cause immediate consideration to the es tablishment of a government-owned plant. "Such a mill," the committee continues, "will afford facilities for the commer cial demonstration of the value of wastes of all kinds for rtaper making, on which materials the government has spent considerable sums annually, and wan winch demonstration on a commer cial scale is possible. Again, a govern-ment'plant-will furnish unlimited oppor tunities lor studies in tne commercial utilization and disposal of paper mill wastes. These wastes embrace at least half of the raw materials used in mak ing paper, and are a menace to the pub lic' health as well as a detriment to in dustrial development." ' WILL TEST TWO-PLATOOX PLAN. New. York A committee of the board of aldermen has recommended that a six-months' test be given the two-platoon system in one of the divisions of the municipal fire department. MIXES YIELD )j!3,000, OOO.OOO. Washington. The claim that immigra tion restriction will affect production in America is refuted by the report of the geological survey for the year 191C, which shows that all records have been broken during this period despite the lessening of emigration because of the European war. Production, it is esti mated, has run at least 25 per cent ahead of 1915. Iron contends with copper for first place among the metals produced and the production of coal w-as the greatest ever known. The mines sold 5!)7,OOO,000 tons, compared with 570,000, 000, the record established in 1913, or prior to the European war. The coke output, also, broke all records, increas ing 27 per cent over the previous year. Arizona led all states in copper, with Michigan next. The profits in this met al were the greatest ever known. AVIIY LU.MHER WOItKEHS STItlKE. Bcllingham, Wash. The Clear Lake Lumher company, in Skagit county, has issued a circular to its competitors stat ing that it lias raised the hoard of all workers to $7 a week and -10 cents per meal for any time less than one week. Other lumher companies are urged to do likewise. "If you don't," it is stated, "it is siinnlv an indirect wav of boosting wages, and we think all agree that the wages are high enough at tne prcseiu time, in fact, higher than the lumber in dustry can stand. We believe they are so high that it is lowering the efficiency of labor instead of improving it." The rates for common labor in the lumber camps arc $1.75 and $3 a day. SEWING MACHINES New and Slightly Used Machines. We Sell, Rent and Repair All Makes. Hemstitching Done While You Wait. Canal 861 We ire the onljr Custom Tailors in tbis citjr who make clothes with the Union Label in them. Levy clP Friedman 809 Vine. opp. Empreae Theatre 428 Vine, opp. Arcade PI nWFRQ I ai a token of love, sym I 1 U II tllO i pathy and of appreciation Phone Wett 2095 JOSEPH BERAN FLORIST Funeral Work a Specialty 838 Clark Street CINCINNATI. D a-. --......-. ......4 Reiter's Home for Quality For UNION-MADE Work Shirts, Overalls, Suspenders 1437 MAIN STREET, Neit Door lo Main Theatre HENRY REITER, Prop. WILLIAM F. KRUSE DEALER IK FINE. SHOES Union Made Shoe No. 1635 Rate St., Cor. Green St. Gnrinnali, 0. j -O Hata Furnishing Robert J. Thuman Corner Vine and Green Streets CINCINNATI, O. Telephone Canal 1178-L Phone W. 952. Newljr Furnished Throughout. Under New Management BRIGHTON HOTEL Restaurant and Cafe Special Inducements to Street Car Boys FRED. ABAECHERLI, Prop. Ceotrtl Ave., opp. Freeman Ave.; Cincinniti. 0. ESTABLISHED 1871 GEO. F. WENDEL STAPLE and FANCY GROCERIES.! 142 and 144 East McMicken Avenue Phone, Canal 472 CINCINNATI, O. Edward McClure CONTRACTOR and; BUILDER PHONES: Madisonville S40 Madisonville 602-L Office: 6203 Roe Street Union Made Shoes Repairing Done H. H. Tiettmeyer THE FOOTWEAR MERCHANT PHONE WEST 804-X 1033 Freeman Ave. Cincinnati, O. Phone North 721 JOHN NOPPENBERGER STAPLE and FANCY GROCERY and DAILY MEAT MARKET Corner Hackberry and Dexter Ave. Fresh Frails and Vegetables v Fish and Game' in Season PATRONIZE YOUR; FRIENDS HEADQUARTERS or THE Phone Aion 3966 Rough Riders Fishing and Outing Club Hollister Benevolent Association Starlight Base Ball and Outing Club JACOB GREINER. Proprietor Corner Cafe 2401 Vine Street CNCINNATI, O. A. CASTELLUCCI0 WHOLESALE Imported and Domestic Groceries SPAGHETTI A SPECIALTY Telephone Canal 1743-X 1114 BROADWAY CINCINNATI, O. PHONE WEST 1340-Y CABLE BROS. Hat Manufacturers Also Experts in Remodeling 1301 Freeman Ave. Cincinnati, O. Work Guaranteed. J. N. HOOK & CO. 13 W. Seventh St.