Newspaper Page Text
' W. "TV )(fi ) r f' it i &v f pxaxsix TAFTS MESSAGE ON EFFICIENCY i: ANDJCONOMY President SMds a Second State- mwit to Congress on the , ., . Work of Special Commission. " a iVprsnes Hit Approval of the Changes ' Recommended and Suggests the Stat " utory Amendments Necessary to Carry Them Out--Seea Increased Ef f ficlency and Saving of Many Millions of Dollars of Publlo Funds Urges j further Appropriation to Carry on tho I Commission's Work. ffo tbo Sraato and ITouso of Ilepre , scntatlrcs; On tlio 171U of January Inst I sent n messago to tho congress describing tho ,work of tbo commission appointed by mo under authority of tho nets of June 23, 1010, and March 3, 1011, grunting Appropriations to cnabto mo to lnqulro Into the methods of transacting tho public business of tho various execu tive departments and other govern mental establishments and to mako re port as to Improved clllclcncy and greater economy to bo obtained In tho expenditure of money for tho malnto riauco of tbo government By way of Illustrating tho utility of tbc commis sion and tbo work which they wero vngnged upon I referred to n number of reports which they had filed, recom mending changes in organization of tho departments and bureaus of tho government, tho avoldanco of duplica tion of functions and services and tho Installation of labor saving devices and Improved office methods. All of tbo recommendations looked to savings of considerable amounts. With tho mes sage ot Fob. 5, 1012, I transmitted to tho congress tho reports on tho central ization of distribution of government documents, on tho uso of window en velopes and on tho uso of a photo graphic process for copying records. A number of tho reports of tho com mission had not then been commented on bv tho heads of tho departments that would bo affected by tho changes recommended, and therefore I did not feel justified at that tlmo in recom mending to the Congress tho statutory amendments necessary to carry out tho recommendations of tho commission. Slnco then, howover, 1 havo received tho recommendations of tho heads of departments, and I transmit this mes sago for tho purpose of expressing my approval of tbo changes recommended by tho commission and of laying be fore the congress tho reports prepared by tbo commission. Local Offices Should Be In tho Classi fied Service Posroffices. I have several times called attention to tbo advantages to be derived from placing In tho classlQcd service tho lo cal ofilcers uuder tho departments of tho trensury, of tho postoUlce, of Jus tice, of tho interior and of cominorco and labor. In my message submitted to the congress on Jan. 17 I referred to tho loss occasioned to tho govern ment because of the fact that in many cases two persons aro paid for doing Tyork that could easily be done by one. In .the meantime 1 havo caused an in quiry to bo mado as to tho amount in money of this loss. Tho results of this inquiry nro that the loss amounts to at least $10,000,000 annually. For exam ple, it appears that n very substantial economy would result from putting ex perienced and trained ofilcers In chnrgo of tho flrnt and second class postoinces instead of selecting tho postmasters in uccordunco with tho present practice. As tho annual operating expenses of tho first and second class offices aggre gate tho enormous sum of more than 580,000,000, undoubtedly if tho post musters of these offices woro embraced in tho classified scrvlco and required to dovolo all their time to tho public serv ico tbo annual savings would eventu ally represent many millions of dollars. The saving in salaries alone, not tnklng into nccount any saving duo to increas ed efficiency of oporntlou, would amount lo about $1,500,000. At tho present tlmo tho snlarlcs of postmas ters of the first and 6econd class imount to $0,070,1)00, while tho salaries ot assistant postmasters of tho samo classes amount to $2,820,000. If tho position of postmaster wero placed In tho classified scrvlco and thoso ofilcers wero given salaries equal to 20 per cent raoro than tho salaries now given to tho assistant postmasters, tho latter position being no longer required, thcro would be n saving in salaries to tho government of 81,012,000. In tho case of postmasters at offices of tho third class a largo annual saving could bo made. Pension Agencies. An annual saving of nearly $02,000 cpuld bo mado it tbo position of pen sion agent wero placed in the classified service, since tho work nY dona by pension ajjent at u salary of $4,000 anil a chief clerk at a salary ranging between $1,400 und $2,250 could easily be done by one person in' tho perniri lituU classified service at n salary vary- 1i tram $2,100 to $3,000. Grcuter ijeomy nnd efficiency would result ifro-tn the abolition of the pension agen cies and from tbo adoption of n plan JUL accordance with which pensions Uraojtf lie paid by tuu pension oiuce in Washington. District Land Offices. "What is truo in the mutter of pay- tywut of pHisiptia is nlso true iu th "r service under tho general land'offlcei The field service of this ofllco could bo more efficiently and economically oper ated it it wero provided by law that the offlco of receiver of district land offices bo abolished and tho diitlea transferred to tho register, assisted by n bonded clerk and tho register placed In tho classified service. It has several times been estimated that more, than $200,000 would bo saved annually and tho efficiency ot tho service greatly in creased by tho adoption of such n plan Internal Revenue and Customs Offices Largo expenditures aro mndo for sal aries of political appointees In tho in ternal revenue and customs services. both services a direct saving in sal tries and an Indirect economy through Jncrensed efficiency would follow n transfer of such offices to tho classified service. Othor Local Offices. In tho other field services the saving which would result from the classifica tion of the local ofilcers under tho de partments is not ns marked or prob ably capable of as exact estimation ns in thoso mentioned, but thero Is no doubt that substantial savings would follow. It is not to bo doubted thnt where no saving would result tho classification of tho local ofilcers would Incrcaso tho efficiency of tho service. It would bo desirable also to placo all marshals, deputy marshals und assistant attorneys In tho classi fied service, although but little direct economy would result. Supervising inspectors in the steamboat Inspection fcenlco nnd the members of tho field service in the bureau of fisheries should be placed In the classified service. Commission's Report on Local Offices. Tho report on methods of appoint ment submitted to me by the commis sion, which covers fully tho subject of appointments by tho president by and with tho ndlco and consent of tho sen ate and recommends thnt various local officers, such as postmasters, collectors of internal revenue, etc., and heads of bureaus in tho departmental service, bo included in tho classified service, is transmitted herewith (appendix No. 1). Tho report and recommendations aro approved by me. Legislation Needed to Establish tho Merit System. Iu tho interest of an efficient nnd eco nomical administration of tho vast business of tho government I urgo tho necessity for the inauguration of this important reform and recommend thnt the necessary amendments be made to tho laws governing appointments, such amendments to take effect not later than July 1, 1013. so that thero may be secured to tho people tho benefits to bo derived from n conduct of their affairs by officers selected on n merit basis and devoting their tlmo and talents solely to the duties of their ofilces. Consolidation of LIghthouso and Life Saving Services. Tho. commission's report (appendix No. 2) recommends that the life sav ing scrvlco of tho department of the treasury be discontinued an n separato organization aud that tho maintenance and operation of tho llfo saving sta tions of tho country bo made one of the duties of the bureau of lighthouses of the department of commerce und labor. I concur In this recommendation und urgo thnt tbo necessary legislation for carrying it into effect be enacted. Doth of these services aro organized nnd maintained for tho same general purpose tbo protection of life nnd property endangered along tho coasts and other nnvlguble waters, lloth maintain stations along tho const, which aro located for tho most part iu closo proximity. Both have sub stantlully the samo business problems to meet in locating, constructing nnd maintaining these stations; in recruit ing tho personnel, in manufacturing or purchasing equipment; In purchasing, housing in depots nnd distributing sup plies; in operating a field inspection service, in maintaining telephonic nnd other means of communication, in dis bursing fund1), iu keeping proper books of accounts and In rendering reports showing financial nnd other transac tions. Tho nlnlnteUuneo of two sep arato facrvlccs, as at present, means n duplication of organization in respect to nil of these operations, Tho rec ommendation of tho commission docs not contemplato any essential cbango in tho work of tho life saving stations. It is for tlio transfer of the business management of these Institutions to tho bureau of lighthouses. That bu reau, being fully organized for the ad ministration of stations of this char acter, will bo ablo to direct aud man sgo theso stations with comparatively ,'lttlo addition to Its present forco nnd equipment. Tho commission estimates that, In addition to tho advantage that will bo obclncd through having these two services operated by tho samo or ganization, n direct economy will bo secured of at least $100,000 annually nnd that the Bavlug will greatly ex ceed this sum after tho first year. Revenue Cutter 8er,vice. Tho report of4 tho commission on thq revenue cutter bcrvlco (appendix No, ,'I) represents a detailed investigation ot tho history, organization nnd nctlvl ties of this branch of tho government Bervico nnd Its relations to other serv ices. Tho conclusion Is reached that nil of tho duties now being performed by this service can bo performed with eqUal cfllcjency by other servlcps and that a great economy will result by having theso duties so performed. The commission accordingly recommends that tho service bo abolished as a dis tinct organization, that Its equipment bo distributed among other services requiring tho uso of maflno craft nnd that provision bo mado for tho per formance of tbo work now being dono by it by such othor services With theso fundamental recommen dations of tho commission I am in full accord, and I recommend thrt tbo nec essary action bo enacted to put thorn into effect. At the present tlmo the reycuuo cut ter scrvlco U organized as n naval es tablishment, Tho country la In effect, NMljjlnlfilnfj .two; i-imvUh and Is, Ua-liur "" TH MAttLOlf PAlLTHIlMiCTtritiDAT, i ii m ii ism iiniss ii.L.. . in -iMirtn i r i NO GASGAKT tffER EVER HAS HEADACHE A 10 cent Box will keep yortr Jjlver Stomach nnd llowcls clean, puro nnd Fresh for Month. Sick headache, .biliousness, dizzi ness, coatod tongue, foul tasto jind foul breath always trace them to tor pld liver, delayed fermenting food In tho bowels or nour, gutsy stomach. Poisonous mnttcr clogged In tho In tostlnes, Instend of being cast out ot tho system 19 rc-ojUBOtibcd Into tho blood, "When this poison reaches tho ucllcato brain tlssilo It causes conges tion and that dull, throblng, sicken ing headache. Salts, cnthnrtle pills, oil and purga tive wators forco a passngawny for a day or two yes 'but they don't tako tho poisons out and havo no effect upon tho liver or stomach. Cnscarets Immediately cleanse and regulate tho stomach, removo tho sour,, undigested and fermenting food nnd foul gases, take tho excess bllo from tho liver and carry out of tho system all tho decomposed waste matter and poisons In tho Intestines nnd bowels. A Cnscnret tonight will surely strnlghten you out by morning. They work while you sleep a 10-cent box from your druggist means Insldo clean llness nnd n clear head for months. Ask any of tho millions of Cnscaret users If they ever have headache. ono of theSo navies for tho perform nnco of duties of n civil character. Tho mnlntcnanco of two separate na val establishments entails unnecessary expenso nnd Is not In the Interest of either efficiency or economy. In so far ns tho duties of the rovenuo cutter Rcrvlco nro of n naval character or are such as can readily bo performed by tho regular nnvnl establishment, they should bo twformed by such estab lishment; In so far as they aro of a purely civil character, use should be mode of services organized nnd con ducted upon a civil bnsls. In respect to the distribution of the equipment nnd duties ot the revenue cutter service nmong other branches of tho government, the recommenda tion of the commission looks to the transfer to tho navy department of tho vessels which arc adapted to deep sea cruising nnd tho discharge by the naval establishment of most of the du ties now performed by the rovenuo cutter scrvlco upon tho high sens. In memoranda submitted on the report of tho commission, copies of which arc submitted with such report, on the ono hnnd tho secretary of the navy ralsca tho question ns to whether theso duties can bo performed by tho regu lar naval establishment without de tracting from Its military efficiency, while on the other hnnd the secretary of commerce and labor raises tho question whether certain of these du ties cannot be performed by tho light house scrvlco If that service Is provid ed with vessels sultoblo for tho pur pose. In view of theso suggestions I rec ommend that in tho enactment of leg islation providing for the abolition of the revenue cutter scrvlco provision bo made for the transfer of all tho ves sels and equipment of tho rovenuo cut tor scrvlco from the treasury depart ment to tbo department of commurco nnd labor; thut tho secretory of com merce nnd labor be directed to assign such vessels and equipment to the llghtbouso establishment, bureau of fisheries and other hervlces under his Jurisdiction requiring tho uso of ves sels ns, In bis Judgment, is for tho best interest of the public service, nnd that authority bo given to him to turn over t.o the navy such vessels ns ho may find upon investigation not to be re quired by his department and which by their character aro fitted to servo an useful auxiliaries to the naval es tablishment. In thus recommending that the reve nuo cutter service as a separate estab lishment bo abolished I desire to mako plain that such action does not carry with it the discontinuance of the ten dering of any valuable rind proper service now lining rendered by that or ganization. On the contrary, I nm per suaded that nil sugh services will con tinue to be performed under the sys tem recommended by mo with equal or greater efficiency. It Hhould be noted that tho adoption of tho recommendation hero made will result In bringing under ono general administration all of the work of tho government hjivlug to do with tho pro tection of life mid property nt sea. This ulll result not only In greatly In (.renxod efficiency, but In u largo sav ing. Tho lighthouse establishment In compelled by the naturo of tho work to maintain nnd operate n largo fleet of vossols and supplementary ad ministrative divisions, depots, Inspec tion services, etc, to nttend to mat ters pertaining to their business man iigenient. It Is thus fully prepared to tnko over and operate the additional vessels that may lie nsslgucd to it and to perform the additional duties with .which It may bo intrusted at an added expense that will be small In compurl sou with that now entailed In main taining nu independent scrvlco on u military basis. A further benefit ot no llttlo Impor tance thnt will also bo secured will bo that of relluvjng the department of the treasury of duties which are iu no ways gqrmanoto'tho primary function of that department. i The Consolidation of Auditing Offices. The' report upon tlio organization and methods of work of tbo accounting of fices of tho treasury (appendix No. -1) recommends that tlio ofilces of the six auditors bo Consolidated uuder one nu illtor aud that tho auditors of customs accounts located ut the principal porta and known as nurnl oUlccru bo made, assistants to tho auditors. Aa increase In tlio etllcloticy of tho treasury audit will bo ouo result, of tho carrying out ot theso recommendations, and tbo sav. lng of expenso when tho consolidation has been fully comptoted will amount tn nf fHto iaa fUVi u vffnr. Iinnn1 minn cutrentuppiM'a,hi)rutor.;1Untu JH ;NUnwd. ganUatlohT nfcr,'w$h8tx indepcnd cht auditors nro engaged in the ono work ot final audit of tlio government accounts, is certainly ono that, enn pro duce only diversity,' of practice nnd pro cedure, Inefficient use of personnel nnd equipment und delay nhd uncertainty of requirements fro'in which the public as well as olllcoM ot the government must suffer. In my opinion n chnngo In law to carry into effect these recommenda tions of tho commission which have my approval will ba,in tho interest of tho public service; ' The Returns Office. Tho report upon ftio ''returns offlco" of tho department, of tbo Interior (ap pendix No. f) recommends tbc aboli tion of that offlco and that provision for public Inspection of government contracts bo mado tlfrougb tbo office of tho auditors of tho treasury in which offices the originals of nil contracts are filed, it also recommends the substi tution of a certificate for tho affidavit required to be attached to thu contracts of tho departments of war. the navy and tho interior nnd nu amendment of the statute which how requires nil tho contracts of thoso departments to bo In writing. I transmit letters from tbo secretaries of tbo departments re ferred to, concurring hrthc conclusions nnd recommonddtlons of the commis sion. I npprovo the report and com mend It to tho fnvorablo consideration of tho congress. Government Expenses For Travel. Tho report Upon1- "travel expendi tures" of officers nnd employees of tho government (appendix? No. 0) presents n view of existing conditions that can lead to but ono conclusion-Hint under the existing laws ami regulations nnd practices pursuant thereto tho nllow nnces for travel are ns vat led ns there nro excciitlvo departments. Tho sainu classes of officers nnd employees nre receiving different rates of allow ances, depending only upon the depart ment or bureau In which they nre em ployed. Under similar conditions there should bo uniformity, The report rec ommends thnt all, allowances In the form of mllenga be discontinued nnd that actual cost 6f transportation be pnld; that in lieu of payment of actual cost of other expenses, commonly known ns subsistence, which would includo lodging, n scnlo of per diem allowances bo established by tho presi dent for tho several classes of ofilcers and employees. It is nlso recommend ed by tho commission thnt all ac counts for reimbursement of travel ing expenses shall bo-Certified as to correctness In lieu ot tho requirement of law in many cases that tho verifica tion bo by nflldnvlt. Tho lntter pro cedure is troublesome nnd expensive, nnd the penalty for n false certifica tion is fully as vuluable in its deter rent effect as tho penalty for making a false ulUdavlt. With tho report nro tho comments of tho war and tho navy departments, mndo at my request Tlio report of tho commission has -my approval, and tho suggestions therein for n change In tho law on tho subject nro submitted with n request for action In accordance therewith. Handling and Filing of Correspondence. Tho handling nnd filing of corre spondence constltuto ono of thq busi ness processes of tho government to which, as pointed out in my messngo of Jan. 17, tho commission has paid especial attention. Tho investigations of existing conditions havo brought out clearly that in many cases present methods aro inefficient nnd entnll large, unnecessary costs. The features of present practices which stand out most prominently ns entnlllng large, unnec essary labor and expenso pertain to tho briefing, press copying and record ing and Indexing of communications. A stntement has been prepared giving the results of an Investigation of tho salary cost entailed in performing theso operations irt tho several depart ments at Washington. It Is tho opin ion of tho commission that tho opera tions of briefing and press copying letters can bo entirely eliminated and that tho recording und indexing of in coming nnd outgoing letters can be re duced nt least GO per cent. Though tho commission Is mnklug Independent Investigations of mcthoda followed In handling and filing corre spondence In certain bureaus and serv ices, the rcsultR of which will bo em bodied In reports describing such methods, pointing out wherein they nro defective and recommending changes to make thorn conform to the most npproved prnctlces, tho general policy pursued Is that of working In cloco co-operation with tho departs ments nnd services through tho moans of Joint committees. To tho, ond thnt theso committees might all work ns nearly as posslblo along uniform lines nnd thnt tho departments nnd estab lishments might havo beforo them tho conclusions reached by the commis sion relatlvo to fundamental princi ples and tho best practices In respect to tho performance of this class of wotfe. tho commission hns proparcd and I havo sent to tho heads of de partments n memorandum sotting forth tho principles which should gov ern In tho matter of hnnllllng nnd fil ing of correspondence. This memoran dum nlso contnlns suggestions for tho uso of labor Bavlug dovlces In prepar ing nnd mailing letters. I nm trans mitting herewith a copy of this mem urnndum (n'ppcudlx No. 7). On tho basis of this memorandum ng tlve efforts nre now bolng mado iu all of the departments for the improve ment of tho methods of handling und filing of correspondence. These effort have resulted In radical changes in ex lstlng methods uud tbo effecting ot largo economies. Tho flat filing sys tem has beeu substituted for tbo old cumbrous folded nnd indorsement sys tem, Carbon copies, of lettora havo been substituted for pross copies. Thq brlof lng of documents has boon entirely discontinued in n number of services, and in others tho maintenance of book records of incoming and outgoing com APItlL i, 1912, "' ins imnnii mniiTmsi inmrrirrmi TM6 effort rt being made (5 ro'nK'c6 rcspoudetlce files self indexing Kn4' thus 'ovoid thd necessity for msklh nild Using uecondhry filing elcvlfM. This work can only bo intelligently prosecuted an the result of painstaking and detail investigation of tho special' conditions to bo mot in each particu lar service. Many months will there fore be required to carry out this work throughout tho entlro government It' is of tho utmost lmportnnco that tho wotfc should bo prosecuted under a general supervision or direction sucli ns Is furnished by tbo present commis sion. Distribution of Government Document Attention Is called to tho report ot the commission transmitted to tho con gress with my message of Feb. C nnd to tho supplementary statement sent herewith (appendix No. 8) on tho cen tralization of distribution of govern ment publications. By adopting tills recommehdntion it is cqiservrttively estimated thnt $242,000 can bo saved. This is cxchlslvo of the saving which could bo mndo by handling tho con gressional documents in tho samo man ner. An nccount kept for thirty-ono days with tho volume ot this business ot handling congressional documents showed nn nvernge ot twenty-ono tons per day. Theso documents wero first taken from tho printing offlco to tbo cnpltol, then from tho cnpltol to tho postofflcc, then hauled back to tho Union station, tlio latter being but n short dlstnnco from the printing office. An up to date plant nt tho printing ofllco which could handle all this would eutnll an increased capital outlay for permanent equipment of only nbout $75,000. The recommendation for cen tralizing tho distribution of documents from tho departments, if nctcd on, will nffoct tlio appropriations ot soven de partments, ilvo independent establish ments nnd tho Washington postolllco. I may soy in connection with this report nnd recommendation that tho houso of representatives, in passing tho agricultural appropriation bill for the fiscal year 1013, instead of reduc ing tho cost of distributing govern ment publications in tho department of agrlculturo by $137,000, has Increas ed to tho extent of $13,2CO tho amount appropriated for salaries for the divi sion of publications aver tho appropri ation for tlio current yean Outlines of Organization. Tho outlines of organization of tbo government, which wero transmitted with tho messngo of Jan. i7, havo been sent to each of tbo departments with n request that orders lssuo which will requlro that tho outllno bo kept up to dnto (appendix No. 0). This will not only mako available at all times tbo In formation needed by congress or the ndmlulstratlou when called for nnd as sist materially In the preparation of es timates ot appropriatlous, but will mako unnecessary tho publication of tho official register, thereby saving ap proximately $-15,000 for each lssuo. Conclusion. In submitting theso reports, with rec ommendations, I will stnto that iu my opinion each of tho foregoing recom mendations, It nctcd on, will contribute largely to incrcaso efficiency. Direct ly nnd indirectly tbo changes proposed will result iu tbo saving of ninny mil lions of dollars of public funds. This will leave the congress free to deter mine whether tho nmouut thus snved shall bo utilized to reduce taxation or to provide funds with which to extend activities nlrendy carried on nnd to enter on beneficial projects which oth crwlso could not bo undertaken for lack of funds. Again I urgo upon tho congress tbo desirability of providing whatever funds can bo used effectively to carry forward with nil posslblo vigor tho work now well begun. Tho $200,000 required for tho prosecutlou of tho in quiry during tho ensuing year and tho $50,000 estimated for tho publication ot results nro lncousldcrablo in com parison with the economics which can, bo realized. WILLIAM II. TAFT. Tho Whlto House, April -1, 1012. Eureka! nicro, king of Syracuse, consulted Archimedes In regard to n gold crown suspected of havlng-'sllver alloy. The mathematician pondered long In en deavoring to detect tho fraud aud Btlll had tho subject In his mind when ho got Into his bath. Tho bath was full and overflowed. Then tho thought oc curred to hlra exuetly as much wn tor must overflow ns wns equal In vol utno to tho size of his body. Then enmo another thought If ho put tho crown into a vessel of water aud weighed tho overflow, then put into tho water a piece ot puro gold weigh ing exactly ns much ns tho crown, tlfo ovorflow should weigh oxactly as much In one enso as in tho other, provided tho crown wero puro. Rloctrlficd by tl)o thought, bo leaped from tlio bath nnd ran naked through tho streets, shoutlbg, "Eurekn, eureka l" It Is added that his test proved that tho smith had in fact cheated tho king. Tho cry Is now familiarly used as an exclamation of triumph at a dlscovory or supposed discovery. The Busy Bobcat, Tho wildcat of tho North woods, red lynx, bay lynx, bobcat, or whatovor wo may olect tq call him, says a' writer in tho Outing, has been discrlbcd as a bundlo of llvo wlros actuated by tho spirit of Satan. Running up to moro than forty pounds in weight, ho is ns big as his finer furrdd cpusn, tho tufted cared Canada lynx, far hand somer nnd much moro savage I JiaTB' Been mew ngnc upgs uespernteiy, nnd a full grown wildcat will play liavoa with n flock of sheep. But no cati has over been known to attack man oicept in the effort to get away when cor nered. Somo tlmo ago I found a man in Mntnq. willing to ttwear before a, o tary that a bobcat bid attacked him without provocation, but I decided w abido by tho ndvjee of Manly Kwdy, gone from lis now, who 'wroto uw.that a utan who would swear tu anything ut thu kliid wai bora lUr-aarftoir. DETENTION ' BYHS Of Harry Gdnklin and Oth- ors May Lead to Trouble Tov the Insurgents. (United Press Leased Wlro.) WaHhln'Tton; April 3, Tho roported capture nnd detention rty robots ot Hhrry Conklln and aboiit T0 other Americans nt tho Lldvla Do Oro initio near Cholax, Chihuahua, threatened today to develop Into a critical Inci dent of tho .Mexican revolution. Jtoproscntn'tlvo Ksch, of Wisconsin, to whom Conklln's mother at LacroHse, Wis., nupcnled, took tho mntter up with tho stnto department fit once. .Do causo of tho report thnt tho Ameri cans .nro held as hostages against In ter volition, tho department regards the question Involved exceedingly grave. AmbtiKsud'or Wilson and nil consular officers In Chllnnhua woro ordered to Investigate tho matter. Wilson Will bo Instructed to demhnd ijiotcetlon from tho Americans from I'rcaldent Madcro, Just as soon as tho department learns definitely where they are situated, J Tho search, for Conklln nnd 'hla rnrty Is further complicated by the re port that Orozco Is to appeal to the iTnltcd States for recognition ot bel ligerency in Moxlco. Officially, this gtvernment does not acknowledge state of war In '.Mexico, but holds tho constitutional (government accountable for any depredation agulnst Americans In tho republic A recognition ot the ' revolution would mako Orozco cqunlly answern- blo to tho United States with Madcro for tho Immunity of Americans from linrm. It would atso (prevent tho Uni ted States from ranctlonlng shipments of wur munitions to Madcro, as Is now "being done wherever possible. 1'iits Knd to Und Habit. Things never look brighlt to ono with "t-ho blues." Ton to ono t4o trou ble Is a slU'KSlelh Irver, lUUng tho sys tem iwith llllous poison, thnt Dr. King's Now Llfo IPIlls would expel. Try them. Let tho Joy of hotter ifeolngfl end "tho blues." Best for fitomaoh, illvor and kidneys. 2Cc. Tsohnnon Tiros. . ii TEST SEED AT ONCE. . If every grain of corn plnntcd should grow, you could double your corn crop. Tho process of testing Is so slmplo that -any child can learn It In ten min utes. Tho children ot the pub lic schools can do nil tho test ing, nnd, If you plant only tested seed, you enn depend up on nn Incrcaso of 10 bushels per ncro. Tho nvcrugo corn county hns 100,000 acres of corn laud; ten moro bushels than you ever had beforo would mean 1,000,000 bushels, which at CO cents, a very conservative price, would add $500,000 to tho an nual wealth of your county. What applies to corn, applies to other grains. Teach tho chil dren to test It all. If you aro In doubt as to tho condition of your seed corn, It it would bo well for you to mako ii u. shallow box, somo two or ii threo Inches deep, largo enough to mnko a test for ten acres: that Is, twelve squares ono way by ten ncrosH. The box should bo nbout 36x40 Incncs.. Fill tho box nbout half full or moist dirt, ennd or Sawdust. Wo pre fer sawdust becai)so It Is light er nnd can bo handled In tho vi house. Press It well down so Vt that It will-havo a. smooth even surface. Tako a whlto cloth about tho size of tho box, rulo itj off ii checker-board fashion, making ii squares two or threo Inches each way, numbering 1, 2, Sr etc. Tako a -flour sack, or mako a pad to fit the top of tho box, padding It with an Inch or two of moist sawdust or sand. Remove six to ten kernels from each oar selected, num bering each ear nnd putting tho kernels from cacli In tho Corresponding pquaro in tho. ii box1. Placo tho box- in n warm i placo, whore It will not chill.. Keep the pad wetl dampened and warm, and in nvo or six days you can roll up tho -pad ii carefully, nnd you w,W find i that your seed will show Its quality; kernels which show both sprouts and i-ootlots In healthy condition nro flt for- ii planting; ears from which tho ii kcrnals Bhow sprout only, . or ri rootlets only, may or may not i grow, but It Is. best not to tako ii any chances with sucn cars. ii All weak and dond ears should it bo thrown Into tlio feod box t and tho test repeated until ii ii you nro suro you novo enough it A perfect cars to. plant your acre- ii i age, it XW SXXX xU iiititii JewThrodh brawing Room Sleeper, :, i f BALTIMORE & OHIO RAILROAD BETWEEN ' Columbus and Pittsburg; leaving Colurnbiirt nt laiUO 11, 111., rendy fbr ivntrons ut 8)3 n, w., iirrlvlng t Plttbur 8:15 11. 111, Itcturiilug !cnviH Pittsburg At )25 p, w., arriving t Ooijnnbim at 3:50 p. ni. iWmigero mav JWimIh l !erfrh M 7(34 .iXv lihfcf ,yvv servicd . ?fe Jy biuiliibNs man, comMuHi oyory fentUrq for comfort ami o ynloneo. See 1hhm tkkot mom; Suit muwa and furtlw Inform. J f dOPPKE, District Itaseager Afttrf, HH MpBnK COLLAR Now Tailor Shop. Nlco selection of both goods ,4 nnd samples. Clothes mado to X measure. Pressing nnd lOpnir. lng. IE. C. EVANS 202 1-2 K. Center. Railroad Time Tablt , Hocking Valloy. s. North 7:38 . m.; 10:05 V. rii.J 4:05 p. m.; x6:10 p. m.; 11:15 p. m. South 5:56 a. m.; 7:20 a. m.j 1:18 p, m.; 7:20 p. m.j 10:30 a, m, 'Daily except Sunday. xltuno to Marlon only. Tzno. . Southwest -10:27 a, m.; 5:18 p, a.; 1:30 . m. , East -5:38 ft. m.; 12:53 p. .; 11:65 p, m.; 6:67 p. m. v " Chicago A Erie. West 10:25 iu m.; 12:05 7:45 i. m.; x5:10 p. m. East 5:38 a. m.; x9:55 6:io p. m.; 6:57 p. m. Daily except Sunday. xTtun to Marlon only. xltuns to Ohio City only. i Pennsylvania. ' North C:52 p, m." 12:20 p, South 10:30 a. m.; 8:00 p. Dally except Sunday. m. " Bit; Four. Eostbound StOO a. in.; 9:20 ft. m,; 12:32 p. m.; 7:33 p. m.; 10:45 p. m.s 5:37 p. m. , ' i Westbound 5:42 ft. m.; 9:55 a. m.; 10:25 .. m.; 1:55 p. m.; 7:13 p. m.j 3:10 p. m. Dally except Sunday. O., D. A M. Electric. t Depart southbound 6, 7, 8, 0 and 11 a. m., 12 m., 1, I, 4, 6, , 7, 9 and 11 p. m. ,-j Arrive northbound x&:55 a. m.; 1:50, 2:55, 4:65, 6:50, 8:66, 8:66 and. 10:56 p. m. t Does to Delaware only. xtfrom Stratford only.. Hourly scrvlco Sundays snd holi days. st r 1 i ' C., If. & H. Eloctrlo. Northbound Cars leavo Marlbnf ot -.. Ducyrus at 6, 8, 10 ft. m.; 12:15, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 p. m. Southbound Cnrs leave Iluoyrui lor Marlon at 7:05, 9:26 and 11:25 a. m., and 1:05, 3:05, 6:06, 7:10, 9:00 and 11:05 p. m. i i $38.60 to the North Pacific Coast $38.80 TO CALTFOKNIA " ,PItOPOUlTONATJ3LY LOW TATlriS TO OTJIKIt WEST-RUN" POINTS March 1 to April 15, 10114. , ' vln - Erie Railroad ASK ANY EUIB AGENT? ' or wrlto '- IL "W. HAWKEY, Division Passenger Agent, 825 Garfield Uldg., Cleveland, O . Colonist Tickets 1 to California Washington Oregon and other western states At Very Uw Rates via HOCKING VALLEY March 1 to April 15. Inquire of Agents' Hock ing Valley Ry,.forr ni formation. 444fp - 7TTT n-.f 13 VIA ? I i: X . - ivrt -" - t 1 fi ! ;U.