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A TELEGRAPH. aj II li h rtr Independent in all tilings. JAJB. REED & SON", Publishers. 82 in Advance. ASHTABULA, OHIO, SATURDAY, JUNE 6, 1874. Wliole Number 1274. Vol: XXV, No. 23. RATES OF ADVERTISING. One Inch in epaoe makes Square. 1 sq. xq SQ ifcol Scol J4C0I 1 col. t Week.. tl.UJ 1 W t .t ja.Ou J4.00 ttt.ilO '. out t weens. 1.60 weeks . i-tfJ 1 month . 9.50 X.Wj 9111 O.UO t.UU 1X.UU S ill .O0 50u e.Uu 80 1400 S.00 6 (); W 7.00 8.U0 S tnontas .oo. 4.00 7.0I 9 00:1 0U'15.niJ M.0 .ui .00!1 00 I5 00;O.UO, l.00 S mootas 4.00' 6 months 6. ml 9 U0I1 .ll 18 00 Si Ull & 001 0."" 9 months 6-uri li.oii 16 ou,4.00i:ijO0145.O' K5 1 year ... lO.Ool 15.00 a.00.uu! 40 UU5S.OO 100H Local Notice. 10 cent per line. Transient Alrecisment to be paid for fBi&rift- Vesrlj advertisers will he chargvd extra for Di- oiauoo ana oioer Police, not aiuuiww their regular bo nine. AdmiDistrtttora1 and KxeCTtow' riot-re coarged $2. All other Legal AdvertiMmenta ctianrtxi V cents per qaire each insertion. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. MEIiOUANTS. A. II- K. W. SAVAGE dealer In choice Family Groceries and rrovision. also, pure Con fectionery, aud the finest brands of Tobacco and Cigars. 161 S B. WELLS, Produce and Commission Mer chant, for tbe purchase and sale of W estern Re- erve Butter..Cbeese and Dried Fruits. j4id street. AshUbula, Ubio. 1!4 CAKLISa.KdcTKl.Elt. Dealereiu Fancy and btaple uryisooda,Familv Groceries, and croca- err. South Store, Clarendon Block, Ashtabula, Ohio. !(B5 E. U. GILKEY. Dealer In Drv Goods. Grocer ies, Crockerr -and Glass-Ware, next door north of risk House, Msinst. Asbubula, Ohio. 1013 J. M. FAVLKHER 6c SOW. Dealer tn Groceries, Provisions. Floor, Feed, Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Salt, Fish, Plaster. Water- Lime, Seeds Ac Mie street, Asbtabnla, Ohio, W. REDHEAD. Dealer In F!onr.Po-k- Hams, Lard, and all kinds of Fish. Also, all kinds of Familv Groceries. Fruits and Confectionery. Ale and Domestic Wines. 161 J. P. ROBEBTSON SON, Dealers in every description of Boots, Shoes. Hats and Gaps. Also, on hand a stock of choree Family Grocer ies. Main street- corner of Centre. Ashtabula, Ohio. 669 D. W. HttKELL, Corner Sprint and Main ts. Ashtabula. Ohio, Dealer in Dry-Goods, Groceries Crockery, Ac. 1095 ROBBISON 9HEDEKOB, Dealers in Dry Goods. Groceries, boots and Shoes. Hats. Caps, Hardware, Crockery. Books. Paint. Oils 4c. 1451 Ashiabala O. DRUGGISTS. MARTIN KEWBERBI, Dru?ist and Apothecary, and general dealer m Drugs, Medi cines. Wines and Lienors fa medical purpose. Fancy and Toilet Goods, Maine street, corner of oentre. AsnuDuia. OH1KLE8 E, SWIFT, Ashtabula, Ohio. Dealer in Drugs and Medicines, Groceries, Per- ramery ana Fancy Articles, superior Teas, cor fee. Spices, Flavoring Extracts. Patent Medi cines of every description. Paints, Dyes, Var nishes, Brashes, Fancy boaps. Hair Restoratives, Hair Oils, Ac all of which will be sold at the lowest prices. Prescriptions prepared with snitabie care. s 1095 CEVBGB WILLAHD. Dealer In Dry Goods, Groceries, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Cro ckery, GlassWare. Also, wholesale and retail dealer in Hard ware, Saddiery Nails, Iron, Steel, uraji, aecicines, t-atnta. uus. iijestulls. Ax Main st. AsbMbuU. 1095 HOTELS. ASHTlBl'Ll HOTSli, R. C. Warmineton, Prop. This House has jam been thoroughly ren ovated and refurnished. Livery and Omnibus . line connected with tbe Bouse. 12ol AMEttliS HOUSE, T. N. Booth Propri etor. soath side of the i.. 8. A M. 8. station This House has re ently been refitted and im proved, and offers p!eanat.t, aub tantial and con venient accommodations to Dersons etoDnici? over night, or for a meal, or for those from the interior, wishing stable accommodation for teams. The House is orderly, with Dromnt at tention to gnests, and good table and lodg- F1!K HOUSE, Ashtabnla, Ohio, A. Field, Proprietor. An Omnibus running to and from every train of cirs. Also, a good livery- table . kept in connection with this honse, to convey passengers to any point. 1-ibl DENTISTS. JT K, HALL, DenUst, Ashtabnla, O. iiinJOuice Center street, between Main and rk. : low C-G. Wi KELSON, Dentist, Ashtabula, VitffJ., visits Conneant, Wednesday and Tnm sday of each week. no W.T. WALLACE, D. D. 8. AshUbula, O.is prepared to attend to all operations in hie pro . tension. He makes a speciality of "Oral Sur gery" and saving tbe natural teeth. Office and residence on Elm St., former residence of 1 Maj. Hubbard. 1451 -JEWELERS. GEO. W of all kin DICKINSON. Jeweler. RoniHn. of all kinds of W nieces. Clocks and Jewelrv Store in Ashtabnla House Block, Ashtabnla, 0, FAiriES K. STEBBINS, Dealer in Watch es, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver and Plated Ware. e. Repairing of all kinds done well, and all order promptly attended to. Main Street.Asb tabula Ohio. U&j 1. 8. ABBOTT. Dealer In Clocks, Watches Jewelry, etc Engraving, Mending and Re pairing done to order. Shop oa Main street, Conneant, Ohio. say CABINET WARE- john DUCao, Manufacturer of, and Dealer InFurniture of the best descriptions, and every variety. Also General Undertaker, an d Manufacturer of Coffins to order. Main street North ot South Public Square, Ashtabula. ' 491 J. S. BEACH, Manufacturer and Dca'erl n FiratCUs Furnurue. Also, General Underta ker; ' - 1133 FOUNDRIES. TINKER, 6c 8PERRT Manufacturers of Stoves, Plow and columns. Window Caps and bill. Mill Castings, Kettles, Sinks, bleigh Shoes, Ac. Phcenix Foundry, Ashtabula, O. loal ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS. W. H. HCBBARD, Attorney and Counsel or at Law office over Newberrj Drag Store, Ashtabula, Ohio will practice in all the courts of the State. Collecting and Conveyancing made specialty. HERMAN 6c HALL, Attorneys and Coun selors at Law, AshUbula, O., will practice in - the Const of Aihtabala, Lake and Geauga. Labak B. Bitxaaxa. Taxonoax hIIl. , 104a EDWABB H. FITCH, Attorney and Conn ellorat Law, Notary Public, AshUbula Ohio Special attention given to the Settlement of Es tate, and to Conveyancing and Collecting. Al o to all matter arising under the Bankrupt L"- " 1043 I. O. FISHEB, Justice of the fWa and Agent for the Hartford, Sun, A Franklin Fire Insurance Companies. Office over J. P. Rob eruon' Store. Main St. Ashtabula, O. Ill CHABLKs' BOOTH,' Attorney and Coun sellor at Law. AshUbula, Ohio. ly&s HARDWARE, &c. CROSBY WETHER WAX, dealers In Stoves, Tin-Ware, Hollow-Ware, Shelf Hard ware, Glass-Ware, Lamp and Lamp-Trimmings, Petroleum, Ac, opposite the Flsk House, Ashtabula. gyf Also, a full stock of Paint, oil. Varnishes, Brnshe, Ac. I25j GEOBGE C. HUBBARD, Dealer 16 Hard. . war. Iron, Steel and Nails, Stove, Tin Plate, Sheet Iron, Copper and Zinc, and manufac turer of Tin Sheet Iron and Copper Ware, Fisk't Block Ashubala. Ohio. 1095 PHYSICIANS. H. H. BABTLETr, M. D. Homeopathic 1 Physician and Suiyeon. (successor to Dr. " Moore.) office Na 1 Main street. Residence in Bhepard' building, first door south of office. 1SI54 DB..O. 8 1TIAR TIN. Homoepathic Physician and Surgeon, respectfully asks a share of the patronage of AshUbula and vicinity. Office and residence in Smith' new block. Centre 6reet. ism OR. E. L. KING ce over Hendry 4 m- i u'Bn L.a uu our-reon. .....(. 1 - . .1 aear St.Peter's Church. Ashtabula.. O BANKS. ASHTABULA NATIONAL BANK, ABbUbn'a, Ohio. H. Fassitt. Pres't. J. So. Bi.TTB.Ctshier. Antborized Capital, $300, 000. Cash Capiul paid In $100,000. H . Fassett, J. B. Ceosst, C. B. Bruce, H J. Nittutok, B. Nbllis, Wit. Hdmphbet, K. O. WiBHta, M. G. Ciok, P. F. Goon, Directors. 1HA MANUFACTURERS. Q. C. CC1LEY, iranuraetnrer of Lath, Siding, Mouldings, Cheese Boxes, Ac. Planing, Matching, and Scrawl Sawing done on the honest notice. Shop on Main street, oppo lt thegpper Park. AshUbula. Ohio. 440 VBENCH WtlBLEI K rmfaetcrer Dealersin all kind" of Leather In demand in this I opposite t-nasuix Foundery. Ashubu- iite l A BEEYEII, Dealer In Granlteand i, J? MonnmenU. Grave Stone, TsbleU. Man tels Grates, Ac Building tone. Flagging and Curbing eat to order. Yard on CeuVt street MILLINERY, ETC. nBS. K. C. KiCKABO, Millinery Dressmaking.- A choice lot of Millinery goods and tbe latest styles of Ladies and Children's Pat terns. Shop and salesroom over Manu A Noyee' store, .Center street. Aluanla. Ohio. Iyl2: HARNESS MAKER. P. C. FOKD, Manufacturer and Dealer in Sad dle. Harness. Bridies. Collars. Trunk. Wuips, Ac., opposite Fik Hoe, Abiab:na, Ohio. Hut MISCELLANEOUS. 197 BUILDING LOTH FOB SALE! Dealer in Water Lime, stucco, tnri Plwter. Heal Estate and Loan A irent Ashtsbala Depot. 1S0. WI LLIAM III MrliKti . EDGAR 4 ALL, Fire and Lire Insurance and KealBfUte Atent. Also. Notary Public andCon- vevancer Otflce over Sbennan and uaii Law Office, AshUbula, Ohio. 1149 GRAND BIVEB INSTITUTE. flt Austin viiurth Ashtabula Co., Ohio. J. Tnck-rman. A. M., Principal. Winter Term begins Tuesday, Dec. 2d. Send for Catalogue. 114-ltf J. E. W ITHOl'S, Painter, Glazier, and Paper Uantrer. All work ilone with neatness and despatch. 1-HiO J. sum. BLYTH, Agent for tbe Liverpool. London uiobe Insurance Co. casnassets over f-Jii.OUO.OOOGoH. In the V. S. 3.6U0.ou0. Stock holders also personally liable. 118 BLAKESLEE 6c KIOOBE, Photograpberl .nri rfHAlMr in fiernr... KniTaviniTS. tniumwe, &c. having a large supply of Mouldings of vari ous descriptious.is prepared to frame anything in the pictilre line, at shortnotice and intlie best stvle. Second door of the Hall store. Snd door Sontb of Bank Ma tin street. LUMBER YARDS. WALTON Sc TALBEBT, inanufactnr rs 01 ana dwicti ii mit Kiima uiu.. u-. m . , Lath, and Shingles; aiso, mouldings of allbde- scnptlons. la-'iei SEWING MACHINE AGENTS. B. J. bLOOJtIIS, Dealer in the Sineer Sewing macnioe, jieeu.es, uue), itc, aitso. at men rnente for all machines, over Newberry' Drue Store. Ashtabula, O. 12X)tf. JOB PRINTERS. J AlflES REED & SON, Plain and Ornament al Job Printers, and general Stationers, bpeci- mens of Printing and prices for tbe same sent on application. Office corner Main and Spring streets, Asbtabnla. u. NOTARY PUBLICS, ETC. JOHN H. SHERMAN, Notary Public and Attorney and Counselor at Law. Office in Has kell's Biock. Main St., Ashtabula, O. 13110 CLOTHIERS. ED W A BUG. PIERCE Dealers in Clothing. Hats Caps, and Gents Furnishing Goods, Ashta- onia,onio. 1201 WAITE 6c SILL, Wholesale and Re tail Dealers in Ready Made Clothing. Furnish ing floods Hats. Caps. c. Ashtabnla 1851 PAINTERS. W!H. ROSS, Honse, Sign and Carriage paint ing graining and paper hanging Shop on Cen tre street, near i. P. Robertson's store. All work warranted. Ordets left with Robertson or Newberry will meet prompt attention. 1268 BRITISH SOVEREIGNS. "We publish the following as a smooth set of rhymes, by which anv one possessing an ordinary memory may fix in mind the order of succes sion of the various Sovereigns of England: First William the Norman; Then William; his son Henry, Stephen and Heury; Then Richard and John. Nest Henry the third; Edwards, one two and three; And again after Richard, Three Henrys we see, Two Edwards, three Richards, If rightly I guess; Tw o Henry's sixth Edward, Queen Mary, Queen Bess, Then Jamie, the Scotchman. Then Charles, whom they slew, Yet received after Cromwell, Another Charles too; Next James the second Ascended the throne, Then good William and Mary Together came on, Till Anna, Georges four, And fourth William all past, God sent us Victoria, May she long be the last! . A One Pound Baby. Most of us straggle into the world weighing anywhere from six to twelve pounds, and straggle out agaio, after a time, weighing from one hundred to twice that number of pounds. Having done nothing wonderful during the fattening period we are permitted to glide into the oblivion of the tomb unnoticed, just as we were allowed to loaf into the activity of the world unheralded. If, however, nature had arranged with Mrs. Oliver, of Du buque, to introduce some of us into this, vale of tears, we would have achieved the notoriety, of at least, a newspaper paragraph. The thrifty youngster which she did help into distinction weighed just one pound and a half, is seven inches long, and eats any number of meals a day. It is mentioned as evidence of the little ness of the young Oliver, that an or dinary finger r'ms will pass over the babe's hand, and might serve as a bracelet. by be in a Thk Door Test. During the last ten years, in the winter, according to our record, we have noticed the manner in which one thousand per sons who have called for work have opened, shut or not shut our store door; this, you may say, is a futile and useless undertaking, but we en tertain a very different opinion. What are the facts aud deductions? 1. Out of 1,000 persons recorded, 835 opened the door and shut it care fully when they came iu and when they went out. 2. 226 opened it in a hurry, and made an attempt to shut it, but did not, and merely rmlled it to when they went out. 3. 303 did not attempt to shut it at all either on coming in or going out. 4. 96 left it open when they came in, but, when reminded of the fact, made ample apology, and shut it when they went out. - 5. 20 came in with "How do you do?" or "Good evening, sir" and these weut through the operation of wiping their feet on the mat, but did not shut the door when they went out. Remarks. We have employed men out of all the above classes, and during that time have had an op portunity of judging of their mer its, etc. The first class, of 335, were those who knew their trade and com menced and finished their trade in a methodical manner; were quiet, had little to say during hours, and were well approved by those for whom they did their work. They were punctual to time, aud left nothing undone which they were ordered to do. ' They did not complain at tri fles, and in all respects they were re liable men and were kind and obli ging in their general conduct. 1 Christian Union. or let ly all of the Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune. ROME. DESOLATE CAMPAGNA, AND ITS DEADLY MALARIA—PLAIN RESEMBLING THE ROLLING PRAIRIE OF IOWA AND KANSAS—ITS GEOLOGICAL FORMATION —EVIDENCES OF A STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE FORCES OF FIRE AND WATER —THE LAND MAINLY DEVOTED TO PASTURAGE—SOME WHEAT GROWN AT THE PERIL OF HUMAN LIFE—NO SATISFACTORY EXPLANATIONS AS YET GIVEN EXPLANATIONS AS YET GIVEN OF THE CAUSES OF THE INSALUBRITY —HOPES ENTERTAINED OF DISINFECTING THE CAMPAGNA BY PLANTING FORESTS OF THE EUCALYPTUS TREE. Rome can onlv be approached by passing through the great plain known over the world as THE CAMPAGNA, and whose reputation is chiefly de rived from the deadly malaria which in summer overspreads it and renders it uninhabitable by the hu man race. I had formed an opinion, lie! ore seeing it, that it was a low flat prairie marshy and wet in greater part, ana that its lata! insalubrity arose from the decaying of rank ve getation and the prutridity of stag nant water under the action of a fer vid Italian sun. I had probably con founded it in some way with the poisonous Pontine Marshes. since I have traversed the Marshes and crossed the Campagana insev eral directions, the erroneous im- pressiou has been corrected. The Pontine Marshes lie a considerable distance beyond the Campagna to the southeast, and are 011 the right hand of the traveler going to Na pies, some distance from the rail road-track, and situated towards the seashore, as the Calumet Marshes are towards Lake Michigan. The Cam- pagna is no more like a marsh, or low wet, plain, than are Cook, Lake, l)n 1 age, and Kane Counties (stn king off the Calumet swamp from Cook) ; and it covers about tbe same area as those counties, its length being 62 miles, and its breadth 45 miles. Rome is situated NEARLY IN THE MIDDLE the great fever-breeding plain, being 18 to 20 miles from the sea to the southwest, and 20 to 30 miles from the mountains which girdle tne piam ana bound the horizon to the northward and eastward. This plain embraced the greater portion of the ancient Latium and considera ble part of Etrusia, and was long tne Dattie-neia ot a tribe wiiose suo- sequent victories brought all nations under its rule. The Campagna of Rome greatly resembles the undulating or rolling prairies of Iowa or Kansas. Along the margin of the mountains there are toot-iiills and ridges which project a .short distance into the plain ; in some places they rise into low cones, of the shape of an inverted- bowl in others, more iike an inverted saucer; and the tops of these elevations are often crojvned by a village. But nine tenths of the plain may be described as. . AX UNDULATING PRAIRIE, whose surface assumes 10,000 unex pected forms and shapes. Seen from the elevation of one of the mountains at Tivoli, for instance the Campagna looks like a green sea, sloping by unperceptible de scent towards the Mediterranean, which can be distinguished in the far distance by its glittering reflec tions in the sunlight. But the Campagna viewed from a height does not present those abrupt transi tions and animated contrasts which one observes in passing over it in any direction, and which make the most atrractive' landscapes. Some-1 times the road abrubtly descends in to a hollow, or ravine, where the view is excluded on nearly all sides; and then it ascends to a "breezy up land, from which a wide prospect is commanded. Sometimes it winds along a hillside or lateral valley; again it is crowded on either hand not high but precipitous cliffs, which seem to have been torn by earthquake violence; and these will followed by long gentle swells; then hill and dell, valley or glen; and next one will come to an indis cribable tract, which the geologists declare to be the it CRATER OF AN EXTINCT VOLCAN.O, the centre of which is frequently little lake or pond, with a stream issuing therefrom, and the water thereof is discolored and impregna ted with sulphur. Some of these are used as mineral springs. Forty of those extinct volcanoes have been traced out and mapped on the sur face of the broad Campagna. The whole regiou is intersected and veined with streams rivulets, and threads of water, whose fountains are springs issuing from hill-sides glens, and all finding their out in the Tiber, which, rolling down from the Appenine Mountains, trav erses the plain to the sea. Ihe numerous ravines, rents, and sharp hillsides, a well as the deep cuts through the ridges for the rail ways, expose to view the geological formation of this plain. It is clear maiKea with indications of a stuggle between the forces of fire aud water. It is obvious that the plain was once part of the bed of the Mediteranean Sea. In a thou sand places strata of sand and grav el can be seen the former often har dened into sandstone, aud full of shells. . But the Campagna exhibits more of volcanic than of marine action. While it yet lay under water, it was the scene of a LONG SERIES OF VOI.CAS IC CONVUL SIONS, which were continued after it emerg ed from the sea, and is 6hown bv scores of dead craters scattered over it. After the land had risen from the waste of writers and the volcanoes burnt out, the Cam pagna had then arongh,irreguIar sur. face, indented with depressions which the waters, pouring down from tho Apennines, converted into lakes; and by slow degrees, in the course time, filled up with debris and lime deposite. In what wcro once shallow lakes we now iind strata of sand aud marli, and also large deposits of yellow travetino (a kind of limestone), of which the finest buildings and most enduring ruins of Rome are constructed for example, the Coliseum and St. Pe ter's. One can see the process of formation of this travertine stone going on now in a pond not far from the ruins of Hadrian's Vil la, 15 miles southeast of Rome. The little stream flowing into the pond is strongly impregnated with the car-bonate-of lime incrustation which is filling up the pond. By this process in a few centuries more the pond will be completely closed, as hun dreds of other ponds on the Cam pagna have been in the same way before it. Thus the imagination can go back to the time when the Coli seum aud St. Peter's were held in' solution in lakelets as CARBONATE OF LIMx! The ashes and scoiiae from the dead volcanoes, disposed in layers over the marine deposits, and grad ually consolidated by water and pressure, formed in reddish brown, soft building stone in common use in Rome, called tufa; while from the lava flow of the volcanoes is obtained the hard, dark flint-like, substance with which the streets of the "Eter nal City" w ere in ancient times, and are nowi paved and which stood a thousand years' travel on the Appian . and Flaminian Ways and other great militaiy highways which radi ated from Rome over the Campagna and ltalv. The Campagne of Rome is thus seen to be a vast tablet on which the action of salt water, and the wash ings of the Apennines, have record ed their various inscriptions in char acter so plain that any intelligent person may read them as he ruus. How the late and lamented UoL Foster would have enjoyed and ex ploration of the singular Campagna, and what a deeply interesting and lucid report of what he discovered he could have written! WThy is the Roman Campagna in summer A FEVER STRICKEN PLAIN! I have found no satisfactory answer to the question, and no writer has ever explained it in a way that I can fully endorse. And 1 nave not the ory enough of my own to offer in lieu of theirs. To the eye, the Ro man Campagna should be the health lest plain in Italy. inere is no stagnant water, no marshes or swamps thereon. The streams that issue from its hill-sides are bright. .... m, ' pure and neaitny waters, ihe un dulations make it everywhere self- drainuig and dry ground. As re marked, it exactly resembles the rolling prairies of Kansas, and sure ly they are salubrious. ' The weather is no drier, or hotter between May and October, on the Roman Cam pagna, than in southern lvansas or Central Illinois. But it is as tree less, houseless uninhabited, as the unpeopled districs of the "Far West. lhis is a strange contrast to the,; other part of Italy, which swarm with population like a bee hive, and are planted all over with trees mulberry, olive, orange, pine. chestnut, poplar, and other varieties. Far as the eye can pierce, one sees only a treeless, rolling, ever-chang ing plain, covered with short grass mixea witn wua nowers; but with no human life, except dark-skinned. brigand-looking shepherds and herdsmen dressed in cloaks of sheep skin and calfskin trowsers, hair side out, with high, conical hat, and ac companied by wolfish dogs, which aid their masters in taking care of the flocks and herds. In every direc tion this melancholy scene depresses the mind of the traveler, and make9 him feel that he is passing through A LAND OF GHOSTS the shades of the great departed of ancient Rome. The dead citv throws solemn shadow over the wide plain which once teemed with rural life and bustled with agricultural indus try. This plain is that world re nowned Campagna so inseparaly con nected with the early history of Rome. It was once occupied and owned by little commonwealths which cost the Roman tribes centu ries to overcome and conquer. Who has not read and sympathized with the gallant struggle of the Veii, whose city, not 12 miles from Rome, stood a siege often years before yielding, and whose ruins are dis tinctly visible to this day? But at last, when Rome was weak ened by licentiousness and Commun ism, the barbarian Goths strode over this Campagna with fire and sword; and, after them, the Huns,' and Lombards, and Saracens.. ' Ev ery habitation, was destroyed, every 1 tree hewn down, and the inhabitants were murdered or dispersed.; iThe Campagna never again was popula ted. It grew over with grass and weeds, and fell into the bauds of a few proprietors, who for many cen turies, have devoted the , land to pasturage. A few years ago, "the number of proprietors of the Cam pagna was 173 1 of whom 64 were church-corporations such as convent estates for the support of . monks, nuns and friars. The ecclesiastics had absorbed more than half of the whole Campagna, and the residue belonged to nobles who had descend ed from the relatives of Popes and Cardinals. The owners do not manage those enormous estates themselves, but rent them to a body of middlemen, about fifty in number, called "MERCANTI DI CAMPAGNA," who reside in Rome, and were in corporated by the Papal Govern ment. They have all grown very rich some of them being among the wealthiest men in Rome. They own the vast flocks and herds, and hire the shepherds aud their yellow dogs. They employ overseers, who ride about on horseback, under un brellas, with pistols in their belts exactly like the slave-drivers on Southern plantations, in the days ot Chivalry and overlook the herds men and the shepherds, and the cat tle and sheep under their charge. During the very hot season, when the grass wilts and dries up and the heavens are like brass, tho panting flocks are driven from the treeless pkin to the mountains, where the air is cooler, and where verdure, shade, and water are procurable. It would not be strictly accurate to affirm that there are no houses and no cultivation on the Campagna. There is on each estate one, and on some of the very largest more tint" one house, of stone, also a store house and stable the whole enclos ed by a high stone walL Here the overseer and his various assistants reside; but there is no -permanent shelter provided for the shepherds and laborers. " Their habitations consists of mud huts on the hillsides, near springs, often in a decayed, an cient tomb, or in 6tone or natural caverns which abound in the volcan ic rocks. Some of them" hive, with their families, in covered carts, drawn by a donkey, or mule, which are moved about from one part of the vast estate to another. But all the ground is not under pasture. Perhaps one tenth of it is in cultivation, CHIEFLY IN WHEAT, of which it produces a very large yield. The ground is plowed by white, long horned oxen, and the wheat is sown in October and har vested in June. When the grain is nearly ripe, messengers are dispatch ed into the neighboring mountains, who hire an abundance of hands of both sexes, to cut down with the sickle. The employer furnishes food and vine, but no shelter. The work begins at early dawn, and continues till niffht. with two hours' rest at noon. The overseer rides up" and down the fields to stimulate and en conrge the toil with flask or oath. The reapers and binders at night' throw themselves down beside their sheaves, their bodies bathed in per spiration, and exhausted by fatigue and fierce heat of the day. The chill winds blow and'heavy dews fall soon after sundown. The daily mal aria begins to rise from the plain, and tne poison or tever passes through their veins. Before the first week ends, half the harvesters are sick, and drag their weak and weary legs to theii mountain homes, where " MANY OF TnESIDIE. Before the second week closes half the remaining hands are stricken down with the same remorseless dis ease, and are happy if they have strength to crawl home perchance to die at their own doors. Such are the ways and conditions on which the Campagna is cultivated. -,The poor wretches Who cut down '.the grain receive for thus risking their lives for . two weeks the miserable pittance of three francs a day for reapers and two for binders 60 and 40 cents each? The beauty of the Campagna to - the eye" of humanity becomes loathsome and hateful. The poisonous malaria which overspreads the Campagna is as deadly to physi cal health as the mental nightshade of the Dark Ages was the intellectu al powers.. 1 - . ; i t i Many argue that theunhealthmess of the Campagua is attributable to the want of cultivation and the des titution of trees. But the treeless rolling prairies of the Western States which it so strikingly resembles, are not unhealthy before they are Cultivated, and why should these plains be insalubrious? Some say that the soil .-holds water, which evaporating through the lich vege table loam, sends up a malarious ex halation. But the loam istSnot as deep," rich, or humid, as the - soil of Illinois or Iowa prairies. There are no marshes or stagnant water any- wnere visible. 1 he streams run low in summer; many of the Springs go dry; the verdure wilts for want of moisture, and the earth is parched for lack of .rain, JrThe herds 'and flocks have to be driven up into mountains valleys and hill sides to find water and pasturage. Still, in the face of this summer drought, the fever-breeding malaria lays low nearly all who breath it after sun down. Those who do not flee to the mountains, take refuge within the walls of the city, and the hospitals of Rome are filled . every summer with : : "i ' . THE VICTIMS OF THE CAMPAGNA. Since Rome became the capital of Italy, the Government has appointed Board ot medical experts and skillful chemists to investigate the causes of the summer sickenss of the Campagna, and to devise some relief therefrom, if remedy can be found. It is known that, iu ancient times, the Campagna was not healthy; that there was consid erable sickness; but it was not ac counted to be a plague spot. It was density populated, and dotted over with towns and village, as the other plains of Italy are at the present time. If the Roman Campagna were populated as thickly as the plains of the Peninsula, it would contain a million and a half of in habitants; whereas there are but a few thousand herdsmen, shepherds, and overseers scattered over it. Compared with all otber"jpropdrtions of the Kngdom, swarming with busy life, it looks like Goldsmith's De serted Village. It is a gloomy soli tude, with the silence of death brood ing upon it. ' Among the various schemes for disinfecting the Campagna of its summei malaria, the Roman news papers are actively- -discussing the sanitary proprieties of THE AUSTRALIAN EUCALYPTUS an evergreen gum-tree which grow with extraordinary rapidity- It is. alleged that it possesses the power of absorbing the poisonous gases from, the air, and rendering healthy the districts in which it is planted. Its alleged wonderful sanitary effect in unhealthy districts of Algeria, where it has been planted, is cited iu proof of its value as a disinfecting free. Its leaves possess the same effect as qui nine in the cure of chill fevers. Mad ame Bodichon, who introduced the tree into Algeria a few years ago, thus writes to on English gentleman in Rome; "If you could see the fra grant forests of Eucalyptus here, where fever breeding plains former ly existed, but are such i"orci yon would be thankful for what you helped me to do. I'li-n' "J'1"" "f somo more seed, especially the Ked Gum Euealvt t'olossa which stands any union" of sun, and grows magnificently i" the desert. I never did a iH-i-ter work in my life than plantiiitf this Eucalyptus in Algeria." The groat trouble with this treo, however, is its SENSITIVENESS TO FROST ' ' when young. The plants set out in the vicinity ot Florence have winter killed, although those in Nice, Can nes and Milan, have survived, while ' ' n those in Naples grow beautifully and luxuriantly. There are a few in Rome, planted a few years ago by way ot experiment, which have with stood the frost. I saw one in the court of the Doria Palace, on the Corso, 40 or 50 feet high, only. four or five years old, which looked healthy and vigorous, and a dozen others at the Borghese Palace, near the Quirinal. 6onie of them of the hcightof 30 or more feet, four years old, which "were uninjured by the sharp frosts of the past winter. One of the newspaper writers state that "he has seen them covered with snow and heavy icicles in Australia, with out injuring them; and that they apparently grow almost as well m ury as in moist situations. iney are probably about as hardy as the fig, some of the species perhaps more so." It is stated that they are being extensively planted in California where they live and thrive finely. Still, in the face of this testimony as to their power of resisting frost, the experiment made at Florence show that they cannot endure 10 or 12 de grees of cold below the freezing point a point to which the ther mometer occasionally falls on the Roman Campagna. The Government has offered 6,000 Eucalyptus plants to land owners about Kome this spring, to set out by way of experi ment. The present intention seems to be to PLANT EXTENSIVE FORESTS of this tree on the Campagna, if they are found able to endure the compar atively slight cold of the winters of home, "which rarely ever freezes ice more than an inch thick, although the "Tramontania" winds from the mountains feel very cold and set one's teeth to rattling. It would be an incalculable bless ing if this gum-tree accomplished what is hoped for it, and changed those fever-stricken, uninhabitable plains into salubrious abodes for bu sy men. It is claimed to eWt a fra grant, antiseptic, camphorate etfiu via; and as it grows with extrordi nary rapidity, it disengages from the decaying vegetable matter in the ground the poison called malaria aud discharges the pure aqueous moisture into the air. It further acts to produce a shade and thereby low ers the temperature of the air in summer, which causes the water in the soil to stagnate more slowly; and any delay of stagnation . is a gain to health. It is said that experiments with the sunflower which is a rapid grower and produces an oily seed in malarious districts have been ben ificial in a marked degree. It is much grown in China for the sake of its salubrious qualities, as well as gor geous flower. Another argument in favor of the Hiucalyptus is that . THE WOOD IS VALUABLE for fuel and many other domestic purposes. When cut down, it be comes quite hard and solid, as the sap evaporates;' and it is claimed to be as durable as locust or walnut, and more so than beech or hickory. nd then it grows about ten times as tast as most trees snooting up to 10 feet a year, and , increasing the diameter of its trunk 2 or 3 inches annually after it fairly gets started. - If what is alleged of the Eucalyp tus be true, why may it not be suc cessfully introduced all around the Gulf coast of the Southern Estates, and to a distance of 15 to 160 miles back from the sea? As it becomes acclimatized, . it will grow hardier. The French expect to revolutionize the climate, productions and salubri ty af Algeria with it; and the Ro mans are fondly hoping that it may eventually be the' means of restoring health in summer within their walls, and rendering habitable once more their fertile Campagna, over which disease and deat h have so long brood J. M. TO MARRY AGAIN, OR NOT. No man eyer had a fonder or bet ter wife. I say so now with as full conviction as I said it when I looked my last in her dear dead face, and kissed it and the fingers that had wrought so deftly and untiringly for the poor,, for our children, and' for me., il am a bale, active man of 0, and through God's mercy, capable of much enjoyment; but a day and night pass not without thoughts of how well she suited me. how tender ly she loved me, ..what a happy old couple -we should have been. ' : I wonder y6u never married again, Morton, said my early friend, Jack Hathaway, to me once. lou must have wanted a wife in the parish as well as at home, and you must feel very lonely in the long winter even ings. Then I knew he was thinking lov ingly of his fat little wife and common-place children at .home, and I was glad of it, for he is a good crea ture, and though we are intellectual ly antagonistic, and he sometimes of fends my taste, I like him because wo were boys together. I felt that I must say something, and I felt that I astonished myself more than I aston ished him when I said: To tell you the truth,. Jack, I did. think of it; once.: ' .'. : I was so taken back by having made such a confidence I had nev er breathed the fact-had intended never to breathe it that I felt as 1 ( think I should feel f one of my good, sound front teeth fell out. Then, what iiinm-if Well, to be candid.postage stamps. Postage stamps? he querried loud ly. It is a curious story, I answered. I will tell you all about it if you real ly feol interested, but I would rather jiot h.ive it repeated. I am as deep, as a well, and of course I'm interested. With that ho crossed bis legs and leaned back in his chair, and looked expectant. , I began: You know that I was left n widower with two children a boy and a girl. They went to school soon as they- were old enough. About setulinga boy, there can be iu my opinion, no doubt; and I do not believe that a solitary girl can b 'ed ucated, with advantage to herselt, nt home. She requires compantunsUip, Wishes forit, and ought to have i . A even took care to provide for in no m her holidays. My taken -great interest m the Dal tons Daltou was the perpetual curate of Furzeham, about four miles off, and he had married a favorite schoolmate of hers. It was an imprudent match iriether of them had any money; oi course they had a large lamiiy, and Furzeham was worth one hun dred and twenty pounds per annum. Mary helped them a great deal, and, "You'll be kind to the poor Daltonsr won t you?" was among her latest ex pressions. Their oldest daughter was two years older than ours, and ten years wiser. Educatiou, as it is usually understood, she had none it was simply impossible; first, there was no money for it; next, her moth er wanted her to help in nursing, sewing, cooking, housework. I must say she was a strong case in favor of no education. She had .abundance of talent; and her father being a gentleman, and her mother a gentle woman, she acquired easy, self-un-conscious manners, talked with tact, read aloud charmingly, wrote a capi tal letter she even danced aud sang when she had an opportunity. Now, partly for her sake.to give her the re creation she deserved, and a glimpse of better social things than existed at home, but much more for my own girl's sake, I always had Dorothy Dalton to spend her vacation with her, and I treated her in every re spect as another daughter, even to kissing her and blessing her night and morning. It went on thus six or seven years, till Anna married, which she did at eighteen. Dorothy had been invaluable during the trouble some period of preparation for the wedding; and when it was over I asked her mother to leave her with me for a time, not only to set new arrangements going, but to talk to mS; for Charles, who was with me for the long vacation, was very dull, mere book-worm. JUrs. Dalton agreed, and for several weeks all went on delightfully. Dorothy had au exquisite gift of companionship could set conversation going when it was wanted, and her silence was never glum or oppressive. As far as I am concerned, this state of things might have lasted to the present day I should never have dreamed of putting an end to it but one morning I was alarmed by a visit from Mrs. Dalton. I say alarmed, not only because her countenance betokened trouble, but because I knew it was barely possible for her to leave her family. My first thought was of some pecuniary difficulty not that she or Dalton had ever ask ed for even a small loan yet how could they make both ends meet? Her first words were: I want to speak to you alone. So you shall, I replied. JN ow, my dear, good friend, what's the matter? Nothing serious, I hope. ' .No, she said faintly, and with a quivering lip, not lodking up at me; but I want Dorothy to come home with me to-day. Why, L asked; is Dalton ill, or one of the children, or are you? "What is it? She broke into tears; and knowing the woman's long endurance, her strength as well as tenderness of character, I was very much affected. Come, come, 1 said scotningly; re member what an old friend 1 am. Try and fancy I am Mary, I whisper- ed ; and 1 tooK ana Kissea ner rougu- . " . r ii. jV 1 ened hand, spoiled for society, Dut in my eyes made venerable by holy household toil. fehe wiped her tews, and said: V e have all forgotten that Dorothy is now a woman. We ought not to have allowed her to stay with you after Anna went away. People are making ill natured remarks. Then I felt exceedingly angry, and said: I really think that my age and social position entitle me to have a voiino- l.idv staving in my honse as long as she and her parents choose, even if she has not, as Dorothy has, grown up as one of my own family. How did you hear this gossip. In the most innocent, unexpected manner, from my dear little 3Iattie. She went to Miss King's to ouy me some cotton. The lirowns, mro eic in the shop, did not see her, and made observations which she repeat ed and asked me to explain. I should have liked to know what the observations were, but 1 checked myself, and inquired: Do you be lieve that this sort of thing is worth noticing to me, it seems utieriy contemptible. No, it is not, she answered, firmly; society has made rules, and they are useful, and we must abide by them. will take Dorothy back, "if yon please; and I am sure you under stand her voice faltered how much like, and have always liked, her to be here. You are a second father to her. You won't tell her? . . Oh, no; there is no occasion. It is simply true that I very much m want of her help tU home. Then I reproached myself forhav- ing been selfish in Keepiug ner so lr.ii.r- .111 ,1 she came in ramant ana affectionate, and I felt that a sort of void was made in my life, which I L-new not how to fill. I drove slow ly back after leaving them at Furze ham, aud stopped to give an order at the saddler's. "While I was there, thesn words caught my ear: Will she tako the old oue, or the youug one, think ye? I could not see the speaker; I did not know the voice, but at the mo ment, the words seemed to have an unpleasant significance, though prob ably they had no reference to me. Things do occur very oddly, inter polated"Jack. They might liave al luded to something quite different Circumstances seem to bo tinged by what is uppermost MM, wmtvl.f linti) Iu y what is uppermost in tho muni, 'he man might have been talking of t.. tlmt ho had to sell. Had you any notion that your son admired Miss DaloJ Not. whatever. He w at that time very backward stK-.al y-devot-ed to hard reading, and if he spoke ..r u-.tmeii at all, it was. to depreciate intellectually. 1 should have been hard on him for it, but that he could not remember his mother; and Anna, dear creature, is not clever. fche is uone the worse for that, in tuv oftmiiin iutiirrmiti'il Jack. As S rule, clever women do not add to home happiness, which is the thief eud for which they are sent into this world It was useless to answer this, though it irritated me; he had always taken a low tone, or he could not have married the insipid little woman whose twaddle was quite up to his mark. But go on, James, he' continued; I want to get at the postage stamps. I think, by. the wayj that "Mrs. Dalton was riglu in taking her daughter home. Unless people hereabouts are simpler or more good-natured than they are elsewhere, they would inva riably say that her parents were try ing to catch your son for her. I winced again, and said: Yon maybe right; but as liave never troubled about gossip possibly be cause I have never been affected by it I thought it very hard at the time. ' There was I deprived of the harmless, pleasant flitting of a girl about my quiet house; and she was removed from surroundings that suited her to a very meagre home Where she must have been very much wanted by her mother, inter rupted Jack. The fact is, James, tjiat I suspect that you were, quite unconsciously, in love with the young lady. No; replied, I stoutly; of that I am quite certain; but I admit that after I had tKought over the matter 6ome weeks, I asked myself why I should not marry her, if her parents would give her to me willingly, and if she thought she could be happy with me. That, in a way, she loved me, I was as sure as that I loved her not with a lover's love that was as impossible w ith me as second-sight, but with affectionate approbation, and cordial admiration, genuine pleasure in her society. I could take her from pov erty to affluence, and when I died, leave her independent. What prospect has a poor parson's daughter? He can leave her nothing If, by some painful process, he con trives to educate her as it is called, to make a governess of her, what a life is before her! 1 declare. I think a girl had better marry any kind, good man, who loves her, than teach, teach, teach; conflict with the old Adam in children day after day, year after year; having no freedom of ac tion, no home the while, till she ia too old for it; and after helping her family has perhaps saved what gives her twenty or thirty pounds per an num, on which to languish and die, Dorothy, moreover, could only be fit for a very inferior situation; she had bright parts, but no systematic training. What was to become of her, her mother and sisters, when Dalton died? She might with her attractions she piobably would come across more than one man who would be fond of her, but could not marry without money. Of what use would that be? After discussing the matter with myself for a month, I wrote her a letter of which I re member every-word ay, even the ' position of the sentences. I told her that, though not with a young man's love, not with tjie sacred love I had given my wife, I loved her; that I would rejoice in, her presence, would shield her as far as I could from the ills of life, till my death, and after it, would advance her brothers' and sisters' interests, make her mother's . life easier. I told her to take her own time to consider and to consult . her parents. I wrote late one night, and the next morning the letter seemed to me too important for my own po3t-bag. I was not afraid that the servants or post-office people would think it odd that I wrote to her, for I had often done that; but I resolved to take the letter myself, and post it at Crossford. The post master there had married a parish ioner of mine; she would be glad to -see me; the walk was a pleasant one, ' and I was in n frame of mind which ' demanded quick motion. I stepped out cheerily, that bright September morning, wondering, among other wonderings, whether Dorothy and I should ever walk that way as man and wife ; Now, interrupted Jack, I suppose we are coming to the postage stamps. t . We are, said I, but we must come at them our own way. The post of- . lke at Crossford was a grocer's shop. The mistress, my friend, Mrs. Simms, 1 was, as I expected, pleaded with my . visit. Such a pleasure, jtp be sure, sir, and you looking so well fresh as a four- ' teeu-year-old, as my good man do say of you, sir, special. Yes, he's nicely, sir; thank you gone to Box ham market to look about some pigs. There's a fine, new sort they do say, that Sir William have brought into the country, from Shropshire. YouH come into the parlor, sir, and sit down. You may well look &t all ' them letters. I couldn't say how many has been for stamps this morn- ing,and 1 hadn t one till half an hour agone Master Charlie, too, he have been for some. They left their let- " ters, and I said I'd see to stamping them; and that I will, surely. I'll do it for you said L I see yoa " want to put away these goods, and it will .amuse me while I talk to you. So, notwithstanding resistance ou her part, I began. I daresay there were between thirty- and forty of them, and I was getting rather tired when I came to the last, I had real ly not looked at the addresses of the others. 1 could not have told where one of them was going, but this one ' Was to Miss Paltou from your son! exclaimed Jack. It was indeed, I replied; and I cannot attempt to describe my feel in 9. I believe that I was for some seconds unconscious; the ground seemed gone from under my feet. My own son was deceiving me; and I could not conjecture how far Doro thy was involved. Tho one misera ble consolation was that my own letter remained safe in uiy pocket. I was not committed. I conclude that my countenance had changed, for, when I rose to go, which 1 did immediately, Mrs. Simma entreated me to have some brandy, saying she was sure that the Binell of the nasty dips had upset me; but what could ehe do? People must live, and kho must sell what there w as a demand for. You need not be told with wrat different feelings I walked borne; tre entire aspect oi life was changed for mo. Dorothy was irretrievably lost, and hanging over me was the disa greeable necessity for an explnia- Continued from first Page.