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Annual Message of the Governer of Ohio to the Sixty-First General Assembly at the Adjourned Session, Commencing Dec. 1, 1874. To trie QeturaKAntmhli : ' Sii ce your ajdourument, the late Constitutional oiiontiou, then iu session, brought its labors to conclusion, and submitted the result f,.r the ratification .f the people, Such ratiflcatios was not obtained. You are assembled, therefore un der the pre-existing Constitution. Among the many wise and salutary provision lu this constitution, t.ierc is one which 1 derm of vervspccial importance at the present time It is Ihe provision that makes it not discretionary oui imperative npon in, ,eui ral Asseiub.y to es tablish a Sinking Fund lor the gradual nut cer tii.u ultimate nay-incut in the State debt The Couvertion which adopted the Constitution fully realized the necessity of providing lorever against the creation ol a public debt of indi Unite dura tion, so far as tue payment of thepnncipa! of such rteoi is concerned, it is for this reason that 1 desire to call your attention to tue condition of t the Sulking Fund. Sec. 6 oi Article XII of the Constitution pro vides, that -Nil tax shall be levied, except in pursuance of law ; andevervlaw imposing a tax shail slate distinctly the object of the tame to KMch otdy it tliaU be iippLed." In contravention ofthis provision of ihe Constitution, ihe Ueuerat Assembly, ai the sessions of .872 and 1878. passed acts authorizing the temporary transfer of money lrom one fund lo another ; and. in pnrsuance of these laws, large sums were transferred from the sinking amj Common School f unds to the Hev enneand Asylum Funds. '1 here still rem An of these transferred funds which have not been re turned, the sum orgiiMMJuQ due the Sinking Fund and the sum or $2l,nou due the Common School fund. List winter, the Attorney i;eneral. in re sponse to resolution of the House ol Representa tives, gave an elaborate opinion rospectin" the matter of these transfers, and declared the laws ailllioriitiir thorn i.. 1. Iinu .. . .u .1 , . . "."Binuiioiiai. mnce then, the public muds have been held sacred fur the purposes fr wi,ictl tb(.T WKn. a,livct, d These unconstitutional acts are still npon the statute book, and should be immediately repeal it will be necessary for the General Assembly Jelnrl.TrT,"1 J",''"n- ,0 m-k provision for the KmV . .1 "' ,n'f-T '""ds of the Kinking rund , a..d 10 make iurlher provision for the pav ment f the interest u, and the pi Incipal of onr ,!'1?-T,"c"f"" ,n JhnarV inn July 1X75. and in Janiiarv iKir, iti.it.. a ' """""'J ry. IT., .here will Wit onbV S'SmI rfoS debt, payable at Ihe pl.Hureol !i,Jf s i P .. f ..4.....V TherePw Z iV pon"!he debt, including interest on the Irreduel " J del " In January and July. l75. and in Jannarv is-n the sum of about tl.HM.uu, makln " a 7,;AVof fi.IIM.Hi.-.. , i f principal and 'inures," To m '., tins, there is a present surplus u, the Trea.urv nf f 45II.M -4. The collections for IKjr, i 'h Zui b-applied lo the Mnkin- Knnd. as esli,at, the present levy, will lie atioul tl.aW.min inakli. ' a total of tl.7K.MW 8-2, which will h ave' a dell, i enry to be provided for of t.'. The principal falliugidue ia payshle at the plea-nre ol the Sute and it Is fir you to deter mine whether it shall be met when due. or paid as the accumulations in the Sinking Fund shall war rant, Uut I w.mld sUL-2est that the ere It or a great State, like that of an Individual, is better preserved by being ready to pay Itn debts prompt ly at maturity. The following Is a brief su-nmary of the present financial condition nt the Slate: On the lath day of November, ltfflj, the public funded debt of the Slate 8,311,0e2 10 1 he redemptions during the year were Loan oflH7ii t12H.i no Loan ol 175 92.700 00 1,178 80 T",al J. f.24i.85B Sll Outstanding Nov. 15. IK74 7,'js8.ti 30 Of the amount outsandinir on the 15111 of Nov.. the sum ol $22.:!tU had ceased to draw interest, the holders thereof having been notified to surren der their stock for redemption, mi that the inter-en-beanug luuded debt of the Slate is 7,!iS. 40 30. . The funded debt is divided as follows Foreign debt, pavahle iu Kew York c"y- $7,986,510 Sll Domestic debt, payable in Columbus 2.fio5 00 Totiil t7,88.2l5 1IU The ItMail indebtedness of the Slate ou the 1st day of September, 74, was as lollows: Uebts of counties $ 8,482,573 62 Debta of townships, iiicluning debts created by lioards of Educa tion ntl... !..... r.. ... j. . wuu i oi K-parnie ais tr.cts Debts of cities (first and second class) Pehts or incorporated villages..!! licbta of school districts special 329,112 08 15.S!W,:I 83 884.3.'!5 18 1.2till,ti24 65 v..-" fsl.oMjlurl on Total . w-u.il y i!it! uci vci reported. 1 he amoiim of rc-imimrsalile debt, therefore is : l1", 7,!IN.2t 30 J"C' 21,si.0ll7 36 Total j.v iji ju Irreducible debt 4 l 's.tl 6 Aggregate debts in Ohio Vs'iale local and trust rands) $2:1 !HI7.2tl4 52 The I.kiI indebtedness it, t,i statement is W16 1874 'S74 a,"llh'' State d.btlo The ha anceili the State Treasury on the 15lli of Nov., 1873, was ... $ -m a- The receipts, inclndin' transiets of $12.-..5li 51, for the hscal year end- ini: Not. 15, 1871, were 5.8114,745 117 Total amount of funds in the treas ury for theyoar $.ifii4..t!2 t The dlshnrsemelits. Incluiiiug trans fers, during toe .year, have been.. 5.211.934 90 11a In uce in the Treasnry. Nov. 15, ,, " $812,397 19 The Auditor or Slate ei-tlmates the receipts In cluding balance on iiand Nor. 15, 1874, for the current year, from all sources, as fol.ows ; ltevenue Fund $t.iwi 732 21 Asylum Fund I.K39 428 87 Sinking Fund 1.752.7.19 110 Keltool Fund 1.7l)i!l27 82 National Koad Fund.. ls.iiuo 90 Total estimated receipts . . Tlii.il:.hn..... r ...... $)l..n;l.0l8 81 ... ..r..u,arMrN From ltevenue Krinl f 795 at 41 roiu Asylum Fund . 2(Kr7 44c,i Front Kinking Fund.. 1,138 175 110 roin Nat l i.oad F11111J is mm IH) T'"", $5.G.W,022 IB' l.ejving est.muli-d balance Iu ThLreVxryN"V11?- ,N7'"' """, 7i! Were ''-slvied III 1873. collectible iu ih71. Uelmquencl, s and forfe, lures. . !. ! 3W.'l!li 75 stliSe:' ii;iie;b.e County and loral' V.v "W-l 42 '--"rorreftur;; !.! Total .... r The t.x.t,. ..;'.':..: : :. : .".tsu hi grand dnplicaU of ih1 " ' "",n- by the Loan of 1881 Real estate iu cities, towns and vil- K - .... $:i54,8.T9 1!19 00 Real estate not in cities, towns or villages 607.408.517 00 Personal properly 6-i.i21.58,s 00 Tilnt Which r an increa-e over tile ..$1,080,379,324 110 gninil duplicate of isiilol $43.104.;S5 This increase arises as lollows : On real estate iu cities towns und villages. . $il.H0.!KI!M0 On perbonal Properly 2.01080 00 Twtal increase Reduction in value of rail estate not iu cities, towns, or villages Net increase $14,511,870 00 1.4.i7.1!U 00 jl.'i.UM.t.-j 00 Considering the g-.-neral stagnation of business during the part yea.-, ibis exhibit is a remarkable Indication ol Ihe rapid development of the mate rial resources of Ihe Slate. The opening of this ailjoiirued session orthe General Assembly occurr ng hut sixteen days al ter the close ol the lli-cul year, ii has been nupos sibU fortb? various departments ami public in stitutions rto complete and submit their animal reports in.time lor me to give them such examina tion as would enable me lo present lny views and make suggestions herein concerning them. 1 luu!, therefore, tefer you to Ihi reports them selves wheu they shall have been printed and laid berore you. I have divert tu.r. 1 i ..... ,1... - . ,n iu tue worKlllg. of ihe penal, reloruialor, ui.d benevolent institu tions of the State, having v, sited them since the close or your last session. Iu the main, they are working well, and are fulfilling in an eminent degree, the design of Iheii crealiou. Ihe reorganizing acts of last session have been productive 01 good results. K-periatly is this true respecting theOhio I'euitenliaryand the Cenintt Olilo llorpiial for the insane. The Penitentiary has been ni.uiaged with ability and financial success. Its Report shows that it has lielled ttie Slale. during the year, over and above the salaries of ollieers and expenses ol uniinlen ances, the sum of $23.4w5,.'!l ; and over all ex lieiise,, Incluuing iiniliulaetlire of gas Kir Slale buildings, repairs, elc. the sum ol $11,412 92 This Is a aiHHi showing lor a year of linanelal distress, and diminished demand lor convict labor fhe act abolishing the Hoard ol j'iu-iees i.rtlie Centra (lino Lunatic Asylum (now known as Ihe t'elitral Ohio Hospital lo. ihe Insane) ami mat ing a Board of Commissioners Tor the construction i.r the institution, has produced result hardly ali llclpnted by the iiiom sun-nine liiends oithe measure 't hree geulleiueu r eminent worth and lieen'iar adaptability to the wants oi the siiuuiioii were apitoiiiled and coiifjrmed. This new Hoard round the uiifiiiislieu walls oi the building much Injured by exposure during the pievioiis inier. There was also an absence ol such working draw ing" ill Ihe Architect's nllice as were llecessal v lo the progress or llnl work. Tins condition" of things delayed woikoil Ihe building until after the middle or April. .,t li e proem time, the i n tire edifice except the water tower ill the n ar central wing, which wus laken down and is being rebuilt la now only rerdy for the mm, hul more than one half is now covered, and workmen are engaged In roofing the remainder of it. n Im mense aiiniiint Wl, h been none during thu season- ihe number or nricks laid In Ihe wails e lng .,. ,,mn n,!,.,,., illlous, Willi Ihe ma. Iliereio"'"1 '"'"'r "' """'r corresDondlng roll ".f " - Inr work .1. ne I v W Ml Tl H hnulo ,r "." I"" I " "'.neeled Willi Ihe hlilhlliig. during ihe llsi'nl vear ennl. Nov 15. 174. Is t.., ,vs. Tne'n-iai, J, 'per c . t1 .ge upon the same is tts.,11,.,,,. .,.,. 1MU. r . l balance or former appropri ,lo , ,, ' tiy oil Nov. It 1NIH, !l.47.:. 1 ,;,, U. this stun, Ihe Hoard ak r..r,ul .,.,,, I. rail purposes r..r the present v.ar of : , (),,n The act creating the Board of Commissioners limits their term ol ollice to one year, which will expire on the first d iy of April. 1875. 1 respecful ly recommend that the provisions of this act be rxiemled for one vear lrom that time. Ve nave rca-nn for congratulation that onr Mite institutions have 1 scaped serious calamity during the ve.ir. A slight lire occurred at Ihe Re form Farm School, ou the seventh day of last mouth, which destroyed the large work shop of ihe institution It was necessarv that it should be rebuilt ai once, to prevent idleness of the in. mates, which would breed all manner of evil in sui.11 mi nisi M 1111011. 1 ne Boarn 01 commissioners immediately proceeded with the work; and they call lor a small arproiirnilioii to complete it which I hope will be made. The re-organization of the Board of Trustees of the Airriciiliural and Mechanic il College has been pioductive ol good results. The old Board was too unwieldy tor succes-lnl management, while the diminished size or the new hoard has enabled it to harmonize ideas and views, and work with a singleness of purpose that has been bcuetleial to the College. 1 invite you lo consider Ihe lact that this admirable institution ol learning has not yet received the public atteutiou thin its merits enti tle it to. It is the college ol the people: and it should have their good will and encouragement It has an efficient faculty, a magiiiUcent endow ment, with ihe necessaries common to the best colleges iu Hie country, and should have a much laiger attendance of students. 1 respectfully sug gest that tie tieneral Assembly may devise wavs and means to aid the Hoard of Trustees lu bring ing about this desirable result. In pursuance of the act or February 18, 1N74. creating a 'Male Board of Centennial managers', five eminent citizens or Ohio were appointed to constitute the Coluuiissioii. They have completed Heir organization and entered upon the dlitiesas sigtied litem. lu the execution of the several laws providing for the re-organization M tint Public Institutions, passed at vour last session, the appointments made by the tixceulive have, in every iuslaiice. proved to be satisfactory such appointments haejng been nnole solely -to promote the public interest, without reguid to otucr collsideralioiis. the otllciTS appointed seemtug 10 be ilitlilcnccd ill th'lr actions by the same motives which deter mined iheir upiioiiuiiieiit. ' llitring Ihe summer the irritation or failing in mining districts, arising out of the disagreement bet ween the mine owners and miners, ussumed, in one instance, a degree ol' iuleusity winch se.iolls ly imperiled the public pence. At the ethical 1110 meiit the protn,il llltelposition of the tnorul niiih'irily oflhe State was found sutlicicm lo al lay the exasperation nt passion, ami to re-assure peace and harmony, w itunut u resort to the mate r -1 1 power or the Male. Ail earnest eli'orl has been made by the Adjutant Oeuenil lo colli et the Obi., war claims against the General Government. He has succeeded lu col lecting Hid placing 111 the Slate Treasury the sum ol f 3.".;xi. 98 A balance remains uncollected of f27.'i.9KH Kl, hut little ol which will be collected, unless fnrlhiT h-islatloll be bail by Congress. ' For the details respecting these c laiuis you ale re ferral to the report ol the Adjutant tichcrnl. At. the close id the fiscal vear 18i3. there were ihirty-two mlllh.ry companies 111 the slate, ol all branches ol Ihe service. There are now forty, one conipanii s two battalions of three companies each ; one battalion oftwo companies ; twenly-llve unattached companies of inlauiry; one butt iv of artilli-ry or lour guns, and two Untenes ol two guns each. This increase evinces a tevi val of Ittieie-t lu our volunteer military otioij.mi lioiiM. The security of every coiuliiuinlf Is cu ll incul by n well organized lullllln. Audi llllsl tint our uilliHrv companies, lu which we ull hel a Jtl-t prldo, w ill receive III" loslen ing cure of Ihe M.l't! The general fln inelal depression has 11 fi ll by the rati. oad Interest ol I lie Stale more than by 1 1 tier 1111. r-l Hul lew new I shave be. 11 projected, and several roads that would have been built under more favorable circumstances h ive been temporarily abandoned; the Baltimore. Pitts burgh Jt, Chicago Company, urn) completed 110 miles or new track during Ihe year; ihe Paines vi; e & Yoiingstow n Company has completed i mileaol narrow-cange track; the Marietta. Pitts burgh Cleveland Company has Kompletid 19 mihs ol new track; the Lake Erie & Louisville Company has completed 8 miles ; the Toledo & JIaumee Company has completed 7 miles; thu Mansfield, Coldwater & Lake Michigan Company has completed 27 miles ; the Baltimore Short Line Company has completed 30 miles ; and the Cincin nati Whitewater Valley Company has cotnplet ed 2 miles; this makes a total or nearly 245 miles or new track. Railroads are not only of great utility, hot have become a necessity to the country. Thev should not lie hampered by vindictive legislation" but as the the servants or the people, enjoyim' pe culiar franchises, they should be held stiictlvjrme iiable to judicious legislation that will prevent them lrom becoming ihe masters of the people T heir rights should be fully protected by law. and' the rights of the people should be proteectd against such encroachments us tend to make hem the victims or monopoly. At your rormer session you perlormed an act or justice and mercy rnr the men who delve in our mines, by enacting the law -'To regulate mines ami mining, and to provide for a State Inspector of mines." A practical miner or intelligence and education was appointed, who l as displayed great energy iu the enforcement or the act. He has per sonally visited and iiispeccd two-ihirds or the mines of the Stale; the good effect of the law are reci.gnized already, in improved ventilation and other changes which haw conduced greatly to the comfort of ihe miners. The Ocueral Ass. m 'V' ' follow up il- recent action by such fur ther legislation as may ho found ueecssarv to the accomplishment or the bencllcial obj.xts sou -lit to be attained. 15 In tin-Inaugural Address which I had the hon or to deliver before Ihe General Assembly I strong y urged a reduction of the expendll lire's' of the Siuie Ooverument down lo tin very last dollar compatible with iho maintei.ance of the public credit and the efficient working of ,!, sever , nartmeuts 01 the lo.vernmcnl; and I insisted that It sl.ou d not be that vague and mere verbal "cot -omy which public men are so ready!., pror.-ss with regard to public expenditures, hut. that earli est and inexorable economv which proclaims it s existence hv accomplished facts. Iu Hie midst of Ihe existing linauclal tlisire-s. Willi somauvor our rellow-citlzens out ol employment, and wages cvervwllere rednciHl. I most earnestly ew Ihe recommendation I then made. I he state should not embark In new building enterprises until the public liiiliitlnjs now iu progress of construction shall have been completed; new otllces should not be created; and your presen session shouh' be brought to a close at tin' earliest moment when, in yoin jiidgmei-t. the putihc bii-fness will allow. I he evidence von gave at your 1 1st session of a de termination 10 retrench, by reducing tile tax levy $ 174. dull, and hv other acts ot legislation, has en cotliaio'il thepeopleof Ihe Stale to believe that economy ami prudence will govern all your act ions iu ihe mailer of public expenditures Il is a (iiestion lor your serious rnn-tdcmf ion w hether Ihe coni sailon of our county ollieers is mil ilisprmmriiotialc lo Ihe rahricsof oilier ,, nl. lie ollieers. and of persons lu private life ' Public servants should be reasonably compensa ted; hut -alaries and fees should not he so high us In make the g. tliugol olaee a profession, and to. enable cau.lidales and applicants to buy their way to public places. ' I conclude by expressing the hope that vonr csloi, ,y be plea.ant mid harmonious, and tl a it may be productive f great good to the ' ',';.,.. ,.r,,bl.r Jis- ""'""or.