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Ashtabula weekly telegraph. (Ashtabula, Ohio) 1880-1886, December 24, 1880, Image 3

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078581/1880-12-24/ed-1/seq-3/

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Any jwrann wtm tnic , the ne.nr wilirlr frn
pi.imrc, wii(.i.r miwto to lit nniiif m wlMtlier Im
Iimc-.ii tnhavpilwlil! (hut rt'fmtlmr U Lake nmn.
Pft!"'ni nnd iktIikIIcrIh from uVpoat-omr-i, or rnuvti
. i prwuijatM
Tiifv alt nnmo hoinoutClirlHtiniin-tlmr."
Charlu HUken.
Bul'd hiirh tho tiro, lot It good rhnor
I-1. mr out u niddv wclcomo ln-n
Willi Invc iift l V'V nnd hopn ncelve
Thn merry, merry (.'drif-ttnin Kvc!
Itlnn out, h iii-liK. vnnr wi-lwiwio phlmn.
'liny ull i'(ini liMino utC.uiNtiiii.s-time."
Open Hie donrw nnd U t tho Mure
SIiIiim nut npnn thidr (It Hint wiwh.
Itrntln'i h tiiid h nt rd, pim-ntH deur,
hiUlM'ii and fiiildi-nirti HiiKfivn horn!
Kin, belKrliiK mil t)io ClirMimiH ehlrrm,
l'lioy nil uuiuii homo at Clirl-tiims-time!"
And tliov nro horn, tho lvid, tlio deur,
Purti'd thmwifh munv n hitter yetir;
I.4tvollvoN ftirovtii-, tlioy havio inn,
Sit In our h n t, thoir nnrrcd homo.
From frozen neo or sunlit oltmn
They id) come homo ut Chrihtinus-ttmc."
Ye, nil hi p hoi o, tlimifrh tonipcHt-tossotl,
In RiinrnM nnd HhiH foicvor lot ;
No vticjiril pi ice, in) empty clmir
V net thi'iii ll.l'd, for iill'iire thorn.
From dentil, from shame, trout grief, from
t rime,
" They nil t oinc homo nt ChrlHtmn-tlmo t"
St. Lonit ilepubticun.
It was tho twunty-third of Pocomber,
a cold mist had boon falling, freezing as
it foil, tho sky was (frcy, and the short
winter afternoon was fait growing into
night. I'p tho struggling "village street
a little urchin was trudging along, not
cheerily and with boyish whistling, but
slowly and painfully, stopping every
now and thon to givo a pull to the ragged
woolen socks, which were all tho cover
ing his little feet possessed. The cob-blc-stono
walk was slippery with tho
frozen sleet, and often the poor little
chilled feet stumbled and hurt them
selves cruelly ; but their owner was one
of thoso pitiful examples of how
even suffering can become expected,
and ho endured his bruises with a pa-
meuc paiienco. Alter the row of cot
tages on each side of the inn above tho
door of which swung the sign of the
"iiau moon' came the church, with
its iron gatos, open to-day, for buy
umiuTi hbib unliving nouy una ivy and
laurel, to "make beautiful the home of
the Lord," for tho "white day" of tho
year. Iieyond the church stretched the
grass fields, and thon the ivy-topped
ion siono wan oi tne village garden.
Away and beyond that were roliing
fields and thon at half a mile distance
the great stono pillars and gates of
"Tho Cedars," the residonco of Mr.
Fairbanks, tho ownor of tho great mills
in tho hollow, whero heavy iii,ichiery
clattered and boomed from mornin till
As tho child passed the church he
heard voices, and stopping a minute ho
looked through the grating, wondering
dimly if tho "gentlefolks ever, ever
starved in the cold."
Mrs. lOll-more, tho Vicar's wife, was
coming out, heh:inds full of gloaming
berries and shining leaves; she was
talking pleasantly to tho old sexton who
was locking up the church.
" lie sure and have a good fire in tho
vestry to-morrow, for we will be down
early," she was saying as they came
through the gates; "and, Andrew, take
care of vour rheumatism; it is cold to
night." " Aye, madam, it do be bitter cold,
it's loike snow," and pulling his hair to
the lady, Andrew shullled off.
Turning quickly, Mrs. Ellsmore near
ly stumbled over the orouching figure of
the child, who sat down to rest on the
stone ledo outside tho iron fence.
"Well, little boy, and who are you P"
she said, stopping a moment.
" 'Oime Hobby," he answered, gazing
into her face with the wistful look of
some dumb animal.
Mrs. Kllsmoro smiled.
" Whoro do you liveP"
" Down there," jerking his head to
ward the hollow.
"Oh, your father works in the mill?"
" Na, he's turned off; w'en the miiis
ter turned off the hands, father's name
was drawed."
A shadow crept into the kind eves
waicning mm. it was the same old,
pitiful story ; how often she had heard it
that winter. Trado was dull, and just
as winter was coming on Mr. Fairbanks
had closed a part of his mills and turned
off half of his hands. They said when
the nows was told them a great cry wont
up from the men; in an instant they saw
what would follow starvation for tho
wives and the little ones. Other mill
owners had done the same, but others
still had kept on their hands for tho
winter, only shortening the hours. Mr.'
j-aii DaiiKS was a Just master but a hard
one, and now many a brawny fist was
shakon stealthily after him as his car
riage rolled past the cottage windows.
Mrs. Ellsmore thought of all this as sho
looked down into tho little pinched face.
"Where are you going, child?" she
asked, gontly.
" 'Oime come fur granny, tho baby's
crying himself into fits, an' mother
doan't know what ails it."
" Whore does granny liveP"
' Down t' lane. 'Oime getting stiff,"
and he dragged himself up feebly.
" I should think you would get stiff
sitting there, come home with me and
got warm, and I'll give you something
for tho baby, come" and Mrs. Ells
more hold out her hand, " Have you
hurt yourself?" she asked, as the child
gave a sort of moan.
"'Onno thinkin' 'oime fast," he said,
ruefully. " I don't see as I can move
on," pointing to his feot. True enough,
the poor little bare toes, damp with the
misty fallen sleet, had frozen fast to the
stono pavement,
Tears sprang to Mrs. Ellsmoro's eyes.
"My poor child! what are we to doP"
The child looked wonderingly at her
that this pretty lady, with her white
hands nnd soft warm' furs and shining
dross, should really cry for him was
something too extraordinary to be be
lieved. " I can get 'em off," he said, present
ly, "but," with a sudden thoughtful,
ness, " you might turn yer head, mum,
it'll be somo bloody, 'oime thinkin'."
Seeing ho really wished it, Mrs. Ells
more turned away her head, waiting till
u ,u.wu , o uiiowjauv Haul,
"Now, mum." Then she knelt down
quickly to bind up the littlo thin foct in
ner nanuKorcniei, nastily torn in two.
A dog-cart rattled up quickly behind
her, stopped, and a pleasant voice said :
" What is the matter, Mrs. Ellsmore,
can I help yonP"
Sho raised her eyes gravely.
" See, Mr. Fairbanks, the Child's feet
have frozen to the stones."
"Oh, shocking!" and Mr. Fairbanks
came to her side. " He can't walk in
that state. W here does he live P"
" He lives in 'the Hollow' his father
worked in the mills," she said, slowly.
" I was going to take him to the vicar
age, and send a basket of food home
With him, but now "
Jlr. Fairbanks beckoned to his groom :
Here, James, lift this boy up to the
back seat, and hold on to him ; don't
let him fall. Come, Mrs, Ellsmore, let
mo drive you and your protege to the
vicarage. You sav this boy's father
works in my mills?" he asked, as the
horse trotted off briskly.
"Did work there, " said Mrs. Ells
more. " Ilo was ono of the hands turned
off this fall. Hunger and cold will keep
Christmas In many a homo this year,"
she added, sadly. She spoke half to
herself, but Mr. Fairbanks hoard, and
frowned slightly.
"Good-night, and thank you," said
Mrs. Ellsmore, holding out hor hand at
tho door of tho vicarage.
" James will take your patlont home
If you desire; I will send him right back
from ' The Cedars.' "
Mrs. Ellsmore shook hor head. " No,
thank you; I like to seo for myself.
Mr. Kllsmoro will drive mo over in the
phaeton after. Cood-nightagain. Come,
Hob," and sho drew tho boy gontly into
tho warm, lighted hall.
Mr. Fairbanks was vory grave and
silent all that evoning. His wife looked
at him wonderingly from hor end of tho
tnfole, as he sent away dish after dish
untastod. Ilo seemed not even to hear
tho merry chatter of his children, who
were eagerly discussing a ball to which
tney hau uist received invitations. Ho
was vory fond and proud of his hand
some son and his pretty daughters, but
to-night their laughtor jarred upon him.
Across the gloaming silver and glass, ho
saw tho wan, pinched face of a child,
the sparkling lights and beautiful hot
house flowers faded away, and he stood
again iindor tho cold grey sky in the
village street, watching Sirs. Ellsmore
as she bound up his little frozen feet.
Ho had noticed a spot of blood on each
of tho teu littlo toes, he had counted
them, he remembered, as he waited.
smiling at himself for doing so. Now
whorever he went they soomcd to fol
low him.
" Hunger and cold will keep Christ
mas in many a home," Mrs. Ellsmore
had said; and whose work was thisP
Ihs. For fear of losim? a littln. a vnr
littlo of his great wealth, ho was taking
the bread from these starving children.
With the dessert came littlo Fhiliii. tho
youngest, and his father's pet; but that
uigni even nis prattle tailed to rouse
Mr. Fairbanks. lie smoothed tho boy's
ourl's absently; thon the scene changed,
und ho fancied ho saw Philip's Httlo
white feet bare upon the stones. He
brushed his hand9 across his eyes,where
tho slow tear9 had gathered.
When dinner was over, Mr. Fairbanks
shut himself up in his "office," as ho
called tho cosy littlo room whero he read
or. wrote his letters. He took Philip
with him. The flaxen haired child was
strange counsel for the wealthy mill
ownor to have ; but when ho had told
him, in a few short sentcnoos, all of
little Bob's story, as far as ho knew it,
the tearful blue eyes wore raised to his,
and the childish voice ho loved so well
said, softly:
"Papa, dear, you havo plenty; eivo
them some, and "a littlo lower " Sat
urday is Jesus' birthday, you know,
Mr. Fairbanks bowed his head, and
touched tho bright curls with his lips.
"A littlecliild shall lead them," he said,
Saturday being Christmas Day, the
mill hands were to be paid on Friday
night; and when the great bell clanged
out tho hour for closing, thoy all tiled
into tho foreman's room, where, behind
tho mass of shining coin, he sat waiting
for them.
There was a littlo movement of sur
prise when they saw, waiting at a far
ther table, Mr. Fairbanks and his little
son, Philip. The boy was looking, with
bright, eager eyes, into the faces of the
men, leaning his head against his fa
ther's shou der the while.
The foreman said a word or two to
each man as he paused before the desk ;
and, instead of passing out as usual,
they all ranged themselves along the
wall, with looks of doubtful expectancy.
Tho last man was naid. and there xkhh
littlo hush. Thon the doors at the end
tho room slid back, and thoro, crowd
ed togotherv gaunt and hungry-eyed,
stood their former companions, "the
turned-off hands."
Mr. Fairbanks rose.
" I have a word to sav to von. mv
men," ho began. "You have called
a hard master, bause when trade
was mill 1 turned off half of my hands.
had heard throats used, andsome hard
words said, and I was determined not
take any of you back ; but last night,
my way home from the station, I saw
littlo lad, not bigger than my boy
here "drawing Philip closer to him
whose littlo feet, thrust through the
tarn socks that partly covered them,
frozen fast to the stones by the
church gatos. A lady was down on her
kneos binding them ut) with hor hand.
kerchief. No need to toll you who that
was, my lads!"
" Na, na! 'Twor Parson's missus,"
two or three together.
" Itight; it was Mrs. Ellsmore God
bless hor I Well, my men, somehow I
oouldn't got it out of my mind, and ev
erywhere I went those little feot soemod
follow nio; and at last those ton little
frozen toes walked straight into my
neaii, niiu woman i ler, me snut tuo
again. I have only a fow more
words to say, my men. To-morrow, as
know, is Christmas Day ; I wish you
would all go to church and hoar what
Ellsmore has to tell us about it.
Then, at one o'clock, in the big room at
mill hero, there will bo loiii? tables
wilh plenty of'roast beef and plum-
(juuuing jor you ana your wives and
bairns, and if anv of vou have fathers
mothers, brine them with vou. too.
lads, pass around here; my boy
chosen his Christmas present, and
is a crown-piece to each of you;
don't spend it at the 'public' You,
and Mr. Fairbanks motioned to
men In tho outer room. " But first,
Simpson," turning to the foremtn,
was mending his quill uneoncorn-
-mane your announcement,
Mr. Simpson said, shrilly, "I have
this to say: Mr. Fairbanks has or
all the nulls to be opened on Mon
day next, and as many of the old hands
wish to oome back will be taken on
Little Phllin lifting his blue evoa shv.
to tho bearded faces bent above him,
u wuisjieruu --merry unristmasr
each silver coin, and many an an.
swering voice was huskv. and nianv i
rough hand gave the little white
lingers a lingering, kindly pressure.
The courtyard was full of eager knots
men as Mr. rim banks came out, with
Philip clinging to his hand.
"This means bread for the little
said one, holding up Philip's
"There's noither bite nor sup at
whoam," said another.
Aye, lads, but this is sure good news
Christmas," said a third.
Mr. Fairbanks put his foot upon
carriage step, a voice in the crowd
out, "A merry Chrisimas, an'
bless 'em, he's a rare good 'un
Mr. Fairbanks turned instantly
a merry t hristmas to you all, my
Please God we'll work and do
best together."
Such a cheer wont un as the narrium
rolled through the gatosl Mr. Fair
banks drew Philip closer to his heart.
The ton little toos had ceased to haunt
him now. Thoy were clad in bright,
warm clothing of Philip's own, andllt
tle Hob's father was carrying home good
news to-night.
A happy evening was spent at "The
Cedars," but by-and-by tho house grow
still. Twelve o'clock struck and Mr.
Fairbanks loft the letter he was writing,
to go and open his window. How joy
fully rang out the blessed Christmas
bells! In the distance ho heard the
voiocs of the " Waits "" Christ was
born in Hothlehem."
The ground was white with newly
fallen snow, a fow flakos foil on his fore
head like a benediction.
Nearer and nearer came the chanting
voices, " Peace on earth to men of good
will." b
Ho closed tho window softly. " Thank
God for Christmas-day," ho said. N.
Y. Graphic.
Relies of Mound Builders in the
Shenandoah Valley.
Vrov. Elmkb It. Reynolds, Secre
tary of tho Washington Anthropological
Socioty, has been exploring tho Shenan
doah Valley under the auspices of the
Smithsonian Institution, and examining
the mounds and other relics of departod
races found there. His researches have
proved beyond question that the Mound
Builders did extend their operations cast
of the Allegheny Mountains. Many
mounds were examined. One of them
was thirty feet high by fifty in diamuter;
another was seventy foot in length.
Thoy are situated about seven milos
southwest of Luray. The following is
an extract from a paper prepared by
Prof. Heynolds, describing hi9 opora-
kiuun aiiu Liieir results:
" In examining one mound we dug a
trench seven feet long, east and west,
and twenty inches wide. Tho earth
changed in character and degree of
hardness as we descended. Two feet
below the surface wo came to a layer of
river-worn bowlders, crossing tho trench
at right angles. As these appeared to
have been placed in position with a par
ticular degree of care, we naturally con
cluded that we wore approaching the
sanotuary. Aftor removing the bowl
dors we found that they formed tho up
per portion of an arch. Bolow thatcamo
another stratum of hard clay, which de
scended bet ween two walls at stone to
the bottom of the sepulchre Forty-two
inches below the outer , surface and
eighteen inchos bolow tho arch of the
vault, a stratum of red clay and char
coal appeared. The clay was intensely
hard and required considorablo effort to
break it up, without injuring the con
tents of the vault. The first ob
ject brought to light in this stratum
was a beautifully finished tablet, of a
bluish-gray stone, three inches in length
by one and a half inch in breadth, with
two perforations near tho center. In
consequence of crossing the vault at
right angles it became necessary to en
large the opening by a cross soction or
continue tho excavation by tunneling.
Owing to the hardness of the soil, I pre
ferred the lattercourse, which eventually
proved much easier, as tho n cks in the
vault wore readily dislodged after the
soil had been cut away beneath. After
ine opening nad been sulliciently en
larged and tho loose earth and stones
removed, I continued to dig with a small
pocket-knife and carefully examine tho
earth as it was taken out. After a few
minutes' work a largo mass of arrows
and knives was uncovered. They were
all placed in the clay, points downward.
Many had become brokon and flaked by
the intense heat of the cremation fire.
There wore forty-three arrows, knives
afid spears in all. Forty of them were
of black jasper, and three of quart zite.
In size thoy ranged from ono and a h ilf
to two inches in longlh. Somo of tho
jasper arrows had boon turned to a light
reddish brown color by the fire. Below
tho arrows an unfinished slatestone
tablet was found. This was also about
three inches in length, and plainly
showed the ooarse grain of the stone on
which it was ground. The next object
was an oblong grindstono two and a
half inches in length by ono and three
quarters wide. Ono end had been
broken off, probably by the hoat, and
the whole boro strong tokens of tho heat
it was subjected to. Two deon anrl
woll-worn grooves on the under side
showed tho mannor in which it had been
used to sharpen bone awls and other
implements of kindred nature.
" Pine charcoal was found somowhat
sparingly, which was a matter of sur
prise, inasmuch as a strong fire was un
doubtedly required to carbonize tho
bones and other perishable objects.
Three pieces of roughly dressed quartz
ite were next found. They were proba
bly intended for ornaments, but never
finished. This stone is not found in the
Poge Valley, and must have been
brought from a long distance by the
savages, who undoubtedly prized it
highly. Tho fragments weigh from
three to six ounces each. Six nieces of
translueont rock crystal were noxt up
covered. With them no attempt at a
change by grinding or boring seems to
have been made, unless, perhaps, the
cleavage may indicate an attempt at im
provement. This feature, however.
may have boon due to the action of the
fire. One piece only, a hexagon about
an inch long, appears to havo been worn
as an ornament: the othors were either
designed to be finished or kept as relics.
Several unliai-hod flakos of jasper were
found among the oindors; four irregular
shaped scrapers of quartz and quartzite
were found in a group, and following
these were three other scrapers, about
two inches in length One was of jas
per, one of horn stone, and tho third of
opaque, milky chalcedony, which in
shape was similar to tho Ab-edian knives
oi tne Aztecs, l he next objects were a
roughly made arrow of quartzite, a
quartzite spear-head, broken, andaCeit
knife, three and a half inches long. All
these objects appear to have been
grouped around the head of the defunct
chieftain, for the next find consisted of
four platos ot mioa, from three to four
inches in length by two or three in
bread; h.
" Under these plates was found a sec
tion ot a jawbone, the inferior maxil
lary, with three well worn teeth still in
position. No portions of the skull were
be found, nor could I determine defi
nitely whether any portions of the ver
tebra) or ribs had escaped the fire. Fol
lowing the natural position of the body
tho vault portions of the long bones
could be observed, but, with one excep
tion, no amount of patient care was suf
ficient to separate them from the sur.
rounding clay without destroying their
identity. By removing a largo nias of
clay with the bones in situ I was able to
preserve about six inches of a tibia.
which possesses in a marked degree the
peculiar flatteninir so 'characteristic of
true Mound Builders, and which also
boon noticed by Prof. Jeffrey Wy
man among the ancient remains on the
John's Hiver in Florida. This fea
ture will be discussed at length in a
forthcoming paper on the osteology of
Potomac Indians." Washinaton
Cor. Cittcinnati Gazette.
Wiktkr raorroTiow. Many planui
are killed by too much protection.
For example, strawberries are hardy,
and the covering of straw, marsh hay,
etc, that is recommended for them is
not so much to shield from eold as to
prevent frequent freezing and thawing
of the soil. The covering should be
mainly around and not upon the plants.
Thb IIiDiiF.N Mountain. Beat the
whites and yelks of six et'gs separately,
them mix them and beat well again,
adding a few thin slices of citron, quarter-pint
of cream, and sufficient sugar to
sweeten it. When the mixture is well
beaten, put It into a buttered pan and
fry a you would a pancake, ( over It
with any kind of jam, and garnish with
slices of citron. This is terved cold,
and makes a very pretty supper dish.
When stock suffers from absence of
proper protection against tho wintry
must, there can bo no profit, In its keep
ing. Good butter can not be prodnced
in winter, when the cows are kept in
cold barns. Tho best of food may b(
given, Indian meal, linseed meal, cotton
seed meal, shorts, or early-cut hay of the
ucsiaescripuon.and with a plentiful sup
ply of roots; vet no gilt-edge butter can
oe obtained trom those cattle stabled
where tho thermometer registers a tem
perature of between zero and the freez
ing point. Neglect on this point is ruin
to the dairyman's profits. A warm,
well-ventilated barn will aid in securing
an increased quantity of milk of an im
proved quality, even on a feed of good
English hay alone, beyond that which
can bo obtained from cows fed with tho
ordinary rations of grain, if allowed to
suffer from cold.
A Plain Ciiiiistmas PnmiNO. One
pound of flour, one pound of bread
crumbs, three-quarters of a pound of
stoned raisins, three-quarters of a pound
of currants, three-quarters of a pound of
suet, threo or four eggs, milk, two
ounces ofxandied peel, one tcaspoonful
of powdei'.d allspice, half a tcaspoonful
of salt. Let the suet be finely chopped,
the raisins stoned, and the currants well
washed, picketl, and dried. Mix these
with the other dry ingredients, and stir
all well together; beat and strain the
eggs to the pudding, stir these in, and
add just sufbeient milk to make it mix
properly. Tie it up in a weU-fl ,ured
cloth, put it into boiling water, and boil
for at least five hours. Serve with a
sprig of holly placed in tho middle of
the pudding, and a littlo pounded sugar
spriiuucu over it, ana also witn a rich
It often happens that the wood-work
on doors, particularly near tho handles,
will become quite dirty and ladly
Btained by the frequent running back
and forth of careless children.' In these
cases it is sometimes found impossible
to remove the marks with cold water or
without the use of soap, however unde
sirable. If this occurs, throw two table
spoonfuls of pulverized borax into a pail
of hot water, und wash the paint with it.
Do not use a brush ; but if found impos
sible to remove the marks in this way,
then soap must be resorted to. l!ub the
soap on the cloth, and then spriuklo
over the soap diy powdered borax, and
rub the spots faithfully, rinsing with
plenty of water. By washing wood
work in this way the paint wilt not bo
injured, and the borax will keep tho
hands soft and white. Borax is not half
as freely used in domestio labor as it
would be if nil its usefulness were bettor
known. Its help in increasing the
cleansing properties of soap, and at the
same time correcting its corrosive tend
ency, is one of its most valuable proper
ties. j
Choking Cattle.
Mb. J. L. Dudi.ev inquires as to the
causes of bloat and death in cheking.
1. Excessive bloating is not a constant
result of choking. It occurs chiefly
when the obstruction is lodged in that
portion of the gullet which occupies the
region of tho nock or throat. If the for
eign body is blocked in that part of the
gullot which lios in the chest, between
tho breast and the stomach, bloating is
euncr Bosenr, or is at tno most very
slight. Tho explanation may be found
in part in tho nature of tho irritation iiro
duced in the different cases. A foreign
uuuy in mo pnurynx irnroat; or tne por
tion of the gullet situated in the neck.
produces cough and frequent efforts to
swallow, the irritation being produced
in tne oacK oi me nioutn, the throat,
and the upper part of the windpipe
(larynx). The socretion of saliva is also
greatly increased, and by the constant
movements oi me jaws tills liquid is
worked up into a froth, in which stale
it is largely swallowed. The obstructive
body being usually irregular or angular,
this liquid is actually swallowed inconsid
erable amount, and contributes much to
distend the paunch. Then the irritation
of the throat or gullot has a reflected
action on the paunch, arrests the natural
movements, and thereby favors fer
mentation and tho formation of gases in
that organ. The evil tendency may be
largely counteracted by placing in the
muuth a smooth, round billot of wood,
about 2 1-2 or 8 inches in thick
ness, and retaining it there by cords
attached to tho two ends and tied
tagether behind tho horns or ears. This
renders swallowing nearly impossible,
and favors regurgitation from the
paunch, and never fails to stop the bloat
ing before it has become excessive or
dangerous. If kept in for two to five
hours the obstructing foreign body
usually softens, the gullot relaxes, and
cnoKing is spontaneously relieved. If,
on the other hand, the foreign body is
fixed in the portion of tho gullet lodged
within the chest, it rouses more particu
larly the irritability of the stomachs, and
besides the arrest of digestion and the
formation of gases from the fermenting
food, there are frequent efforts at re
gurgitation, and not only is the saliva
which has been swallowed rejected again
by tho mouth, but even the liquid and
gaseous contents of the paunch are got
vji laj a. migociiDiH iu inusame man
nor. In this form of choking there is
cough, but only slight bloating, trem
bling and efforts at regurgitation or
vomiting, and tho gag treatment is not
needed. 2. Death iu choking may re
sult eithor from tho obstruction to the
passage oi air or from bloat. When the
obstruction is lodged in the pharynx and
directly over tho opening of the wind
pipe (larynxV it shuts off the air by its
presence and still more by its irritation
causing spasmodio closing of the open
ing (glottis). In such cases the animal
dies in from three or five minutes, but
occurrence is very raro. Usually
death takos place from the bloat. The
paunch distended beyond all power of
contraction, reacts on the brain, arrest
ing the nervous power. It also presses
the diaphragm and lungs, retards
arrests breathing, interrupts the
circulation and prevents the aeration of
blood. The animal dies then partly
reason of the nervous shock and
partly because all the blood has become
venous and unfit to support life. Nerv
ous shock and lack of oxygen and excess
carbonio acid in the blood are tho
main causes of death. Prof. Jas. Law.
S. Y. Tribune.
ff have often called attention to
clover hay as a valuable feed for milch
cows. The large proportion of nitro
genous food which It contains adapts it
V the wants of the milch cow. Milk
producers near Chicago feed their cows
in winter largely on clover hay, and re
gard It as the best forage for making
milk that they can obtain. No other
kind of forage will produce so large a
proportional yield of milk. Clover
usuully sells for less in the market than
timothy, but the clover is worth much
more to feed to cows. Clover hay does
not occupy the place in tho estimation
of fanners that it should. It can tie
produced without exhausting the soil
in fact the soil is in better condition
after having been cropped with clover
than it was before. llnntnn Traveller.
Tub " Barry system" of feeding cows
is based upon the belief that acow kept
in close quarters, provided they are clean
and healthy, and fed twice a" day, will
give more milk and be in better condition
than when fed three times a day, or
oftener. In following it, the poorest qual
ity of fodder is given first at every meal,
and before this is entirely consumed
another of a better quality is given, and
finally a third of the very best hay.
After the hay is given, roots or other
provender is fed, and in this way the
animal enjoys, on an average, alKiuttwo
hours at a meal which occurs only twice
during the day, with an interval of from
six to seven hours between the morning
and evening meal. Water is given twice
a day.
Strain the milk into pans that have been
previously rinsed in hot water; put it
on the stove for a few minutes: then re
move it to the place in which you usu
ally keep it. See that it is not too cold.
Tho next day put it on the stove again,
mane it very warm, return It as belore.
Skim it Into an earthern bowl, pour off
the thin cream that wiM naturally fall
on the sides; stir every day, the third
day stir it with your hand or butter
ladle; when nearly done pour in the
thin cream by degrees; if with the
former, pour some boiling water on
some bran, rub your hand well with it,
then rinse. There are some cows that
will naturally make frothy cream, and
snouni De disposed of. i he way to try
them is to Btiain tho milk into separate
bowls, skim and stir with a spoon.
Economy of Full Feeding for Milk.
Laugh yields of milk must necessari
ly be the result of a large quantity of
food consumed, for the cow cannot
create milk out of nothing. She is not
a miracle worker. But does it follow
that a large product of milk costs more
in proportion to quantity than a medium
yield P
Now, the cow must be supported
before she gives any milk. After this
food of support all" the food she con
sumes must go to tho production of
milk or flesh, and if the cow is a good
milker it all goes to milk in other
words, after the food of support the ex
tra food all goes to profit that is, either
to milk or flesh. And it is equally clear
nun an me ioou consumed to support :
tho system of the animal is lost until
the point of production is reached.
After the producing point is reached
the more the animal can eat, properly
digest and assimilate, above this, the
greater the profit. This would seem to
be too plain to require illustration.
What would any ono think of a manu
facturer who used a steam engine for
power, who should say that he could
not afford to furnish fuel get up
full steam because the last half of the
steam cost more than tho first half.
Now, if there is only fuel enough
used to heat the water just below the
boiling point, it will consume a good
deal of fuel to do this, but no power
will ever be produced bv it and this
fuel is all thrown away. The fuel re
quired to keep the water heated up to
200 degress only reqnires fifty per cent,
added to givo 100 pounds steam press
ure nnd set tho machinery all at active
work. It is evident that if onlv half
steam is produced it costs fully three-
fourths as much as full steam and con
sequently all tho work that is done
with half power is dono at an addi
tional cost.
Just so, when tho cow is only fed so
to produce a half vield of milk, it I
costs more than three-fourths as much j
a full yield and the half yield is pro- j
duced without a profit, orevenat a loss. !
Now, to produce steam most ccnuonii- j
cally you must have a well-constructed j
boiler and engine, but whatever the
boiler may be, it costs less in proportion I
work to run it to its full capacity I
than to half its capacity. So,
you desire to produce milk at the
least cost, you must select cows with
the capacity to turn tho largest amount
food into milk the larger the amount
tho more cheaply will the milk be pro
ducod. Of course tho best cow is the
one that can digest and assimilate the
most food and turn all the extra food I
into milk, instead of laying on the
flush and fat. It is the business of a
skillful dairyman to select such cows,
and then make full use of their machin
ery to secrete milk by full feeding.
National Live Stock Journal.
Salting Butter.
Thfe is a mistaken notion in regard
salt adding to the keeping quality of
butter, the truth being that salt pre
serves the different substances ccudt-
the inter-spaces between the glob
ules of butter, for it is a fact that no
chemical union ever takes place be
tween the butter and the salt, and the
long-keeping Danish butter perfectly
worked, but not receiving a particle
salt, proves the latter is not, so far
it relates to the keeping of butter, a
preservative agent and that no amount
salt will keep butter, unless certain
rules are observed and requirements
met. The papers teem with notices of
butter preservatives and inventions to
koep butter indefinitely, but it is probably
long time before any of them will
come into general use, and for years to
uuuie tne long-Keeping Dutter will De
found to be an article made from cream
where pi-rfect cleanliness was observed
obtaining it and the butter churned
put into packages undor a system
rules relating to the age of cream,
temperature, and working. Another
upon this point is the dropping off
auiuuin in tne quantity ox salt tnat is
used in packing butter. Formerly
pound, aud even mure, ot salt was
thought necessary to preserve sixteen
pounds of butter, but now loss than one
is used and still the keeping quali
ties of butter is being raised, not by tha
of salt, but by a better system of
making aud working of the butter.
Mr. Henry Clay, the-grandson of
Harry of the West," who joined the
Howgate Polar expedition, did not re
turn with the ship Gulnare, but is
spending the winter at Kitenbenk,
Life's bitterest lesion biting aper-
wojus's rot iu?irn I
Cut LTDli L PiXrjiJUF LTEX. tm,
mmmmm Ut wmr kMt fctuU hhUIUm,
It wld run mttralj th werat farm of IVm Cen
pUint. all mrten trxmblM, IntUmmttioa $u-A ITWn
Uoo, F!Hn wwl rn.pl swornU, and th tnnwnKint
plnal WMJrnr Ad Is psutlobisulj UpU4 to thm
Cnnr of l4f.
It diw.lT wiff vTt tonon front th trtorw la
fcilopmet). Tl ttmAenty to
er-wi bamortfwsr U eHy k4 rnry wjmClj y u dm,
UrcrnoTt. fAlntn fUuilMx-y, aMrrrj JJ rniTin
tor WnrnlAirtm, tnd rllm wmkmma of tb ttorwu-Z
It cure. BUtlfi, BwtaolVw, herrr. Wortr!
r.ltI.t-iii.M, iMptMioa 14
TJw f-rtliif of Win flown, MotlRc pta. 4b
man wtrvhe, la Jwr permiwntly eurtxl by lt ua.
ItwUitfajUirownd oilrl nrmmMajir vt la
aarmory wilh thn latra that aown tb temi ayatn.
CVrrnnourul If onjrnrpwi.
POlNBls prpra M 4 in4 i Wearn Avanu.
lrnn,Vvm. Prtn$L Six bottler rV-nt by taiuj
U. form of pJU, tteo la Uva (,rm of Vmmom
roMlp of pri.. tl prltox forrftbor. Mr. P;nkh
frwl7MrerJl l'-tn of I rural 1-7. Brwl for psuotj
If. AOr nm as ftbovtj. M'ntm this Mi par.
tfB!rr Bbol11 b wHLoat LTDIA K. PIMKHla"
LTVER I rIA. rare cemsflrmtlon, M'-nan
aja lorjAduj ot Umlrr-r. K uta pr tax,
STRONG, COBB ft CO. Cleve'tarj, Ohio.
i 4? t--f?,ft .'.1
Thrre in n
ivtl! -
'in In th" Wfrrn Rnm1
f H"iftfcr'a S Kunnrh B t-
sprint' in which
rer a ton! rurr ffvi-. .l nntt-liMIou iri'-f. Miv, !
ivit kiK.wn ftinl apr-r. r-,-'M. U h!l It !n a m'lr'n" f. r
a!t t-HMir.a and ai: r!t-i. vcn. tt U rr.riTil:y tu'U'il to the
Cuinnlaiiir nvri' -mu ! !- the waili t. In In the purtat
and lxi vegetable stimulant In the world.
For sale by Dnijrcliti and lVnlern.to whom apply foi
Hoatettvr'i Almanac for
Rwttlfullv Til-tmtn.tM Fl'-rl Hnt! R.xik f-e. Rrno"
utljta. to JOB. BURNETT 4. CO.. Hota,bM
That Acta at the game Tlaia ea
The Liver.
The Dowels
and the Kidneys.
Thae (Treat o retina are the natural clrn?rf
Of the ajot4m. It tliry work wtll, healtli wLl t-
perfect, If they become dogged dreauUui dia
aaca ftro mirv to foliuw wltli
BUltmrriets, Headache, Dytpeptio, Jaundice,
Ootutipation, Ptfa, JCidruy totmdainis,
Ormei. lHaM, Rheumatic Palntor Achtt.
are developed bfraiuw the blood la polnoned wtth
the humors tbt abuulil te aipuIleU naturally.
h healthy aytlon and all tht-m deatroyiiaf
'Vila will be bautinht-dt ntaarlaMit Uiatm avud vuu
arUl Ut hut to autfor.
Thouaanda ha been cured. Try It and yoo
will add one more to tint number. Take It and
h ealtb will once mora cUuldn your heart.
Wkf iuTr laafar frMtaa tarataatef aaaakhicWck I
Wfcj atar .at alttraa frasa CMatlpatlaa aatl FUaa I
KnJOtT-WoliT will mira yoo. Try It at onrw and
bt utafeilad. Yaudrot-tfiuhaaiu frloetL.00.
fW ItU put up la Jry VeswUMa Feraa. In
tnia cana one package of which makea tlx
tVquarta of medicine.
OralM In LWald Varma, vary CaaveaatMtw
XWtor the oonvenlroee of thoee who cannot
UrreAdlly prepare it. It acta with tgval
CrtJUrftncy tn tithtr form.
"WELLS",".. 1 1 H AlU)S0jr CO., ProVi,-tirmemdthedypoet-Bald.)
at aLn.(iTg, tt.
Tht lathe chcapegt and only aomplete and relUble
work on Etiquette and Btialncaa and Aodal Fonni. It
U'lln )uw to perform all tho vai loua dutlm of liff, and
how tu app ar to tha beat advantajjc on all occaslona.
Aarf-nta Wanted. A nd for circular containing a
tuIldi'lCrltlLloil ut lllf work and rtm t. t-Tti.ni Aar .in
aAddxeaa lSiAriOKXl.Pcai.iitUiMa Co., Phlldclphla, Pa.
J(1E"T WANTED For the Hamkomnt ana
7 r v
Jieji aa . ii iai la-y .anaji v J paaa iaaaai i i Wflii ii lie
iwxV. Miller
rtoiCOH FATOKTO mrTO.-ff (teflon
1 lAstr. AHittl
nun. urKaniurr iiNBnii.m). wwrafil4
1. Including Pfsll rpiUhtft, rlrar
II tmrmtfrt atl m.
Wr C Art NuiUirrn Ohio for fitHnw k inn, mat
4. I W A "IP I.I ?f K., , MtfV
htaiM!i ur. piano Miponor si, timikna, u.
Farm ffir at from to ltpffiff (.
c fl m V,t hunk. Fruit and farm Inn, stiort wtMt.
em.nlriu rnrk-ia, goorl hn;n. low la,..., Hfl
etlmaip, rnod tc.fij. Ho nrHMlioowrra. Fur ri la
lh,in,fcnn' Bn,) J?" . "nd to OKO. W. ata
T11KWH CO.. i2 Olive btre BL LouU. Ma.
JAPAPJVMH Oft If A 1K1TTI",-4 too
of rvw rtfl fjfffiivr rlr-nfin for aim pa-lnfer. rt-.
ratVri. lmiifr Mid othnn, 42. Wan.lard Ha;n Wnior,
ti. MaiKlanl ieroJi H"k. 1 Hrrlla mni unumtht.
W rni(loip .(t. l. PaliiK-rM Vwiual, MW, bitto, r
nx, ar frrAoand Lc-itlv pointing, Rita U1UJ
r, T,f. runtiinr and Ci.liiot pin -w, .r&.tf MaJ
uoUUr r palnlrrs tupplj boua or uj mall.
JXAlk UAHM.X k UA. 110 K'ftMi at, V,
Musical Christmas
.."Jf. "'1l',l to My or ilnrr. ra b
ITU' ..n,wlriK tlfaniljr bound is.olu:
rsAnr om nulled, pon rree, for the prlM ber
bohrrt rmn mvn albcjc
fit MH or :iui,ih !.
fOHB C IRt l.R. This. loluniM.
Pl AT Hint I hindMlrrtma.
niiwr.norf-EARii.il. vou dii-m.
t'KEWE BE LA ( HKHJL two Tulume.
ei or the oakcc
C.'I.rtaTF.R OE
i him or aoso.
Each of the aboTe In Cloth 2 30; Fine out IS. 00.
rrrnsTrs i.tr i toss. n..
1I SIWITIM OP Ml'Kll. 1.
BERTHOVEV. A R.imnce by K.r. 1110.
RrllDTHM. Chrl.nnOir. B.39.
ail.l.lV.l VW AI.il.HU. ai.w.
miet nsueaa for r im u su.
C. II. DITSOX CO. . Si. T. 1. Y. DITS05 k CO., 1'kll.
iifWsjttfMiniiir iiiiiiiiai.a
a iri.-,...-ii.m
Loas oi Appetite Bowela coatire, fd-.a la
the li'ixl. with adnll ecnaatlon In the back
prt. Pain under the ahoulder blade, full,
neaa after eatinsr. with a diainclination to
exertion of body or mind, Irritabilit7 of
temper. Low spirits, with a feeling ol o ru
in neglected some dutT, Wearmeia. Ut.
tine.a .Fluttering at the Heart, Dots Co
lore the eyea, Fellow Bkm, rTeaiacr..
gef 5 il,lT,0J,er lhe r'ht HeatieaBneas
with fitful d-eitna. hisrhly colored Urine 4
MMlf -BaBaMaaaaaVaaaawai
Mp-la,llr adapted fo aU"h cm, m
elnfle doa rTerta .urn a rhnitf. mt feel
S a aatonl.li tlie NufTrrr.
Orri K,JS Murray Unel, Tork
15.00 PER OAT i"t Srlllrtr ftnr .w
Piatform FAffilLY SCALE.
W. lEh" ftconrately up to tA Iba. its
baii'lrotne- p--arDCc it at l,fiiu
K tall price. i. Oth'-rFiimllv s.-.t.
WclKliluiriSii .at A Kt-krulaka
Eirlinlve territory (rl,'r:i 'r..,.. Term
and rapid alei, r.irrn'w- onl Ajp Bts
MOM EMTIO M il l x.,
.u. VS1 W. Fifth St.. CLiiLlortl. O.
A bar IS years aid eaa aw off ay
S-TacX la la tw. aalaulaa.
Oar nrw portahie Monarch Lightning Bawl a
Macblne rivals all o-hcra. caih a 111 U c.vi a
two m'-n who ran aur .( aiin tuy In Ui uid
aa one hoy Jfi yarn ol-l can i; h this ina -Uiatw
Warrauted. Cin ahin tt-nr Fnt Af n:s wanted.
1U Bimdolph gt- Coicoao. EL
bll:a. Tic aii.taifTm.'hori'y In alt tt, Tui-d ftia-.-s.
Au ir.tlirn!i.-itiiii' imt.d bonk. I'rlcc 13 en. htai by
mall 'in P-i'-'pt of prlr- Addn-u
TIluMi'buN, BIluWN Co., Boston, PabUsbera.
UlUMti-uied UitKuzlur will rmcr ou lie
15th Y
lHai. II
AO at 1-
'"iw. nt-na lor aurnplf A. Mnu frfmlura
NEW anbscrlbtn nt extra aim. ay
rnbtrflblh nou- ..ui..,,.
Hu.-aory Fubhking Company Boa ton, :
Afffofe Wanted ertrywherw
mm to lain. Qjir.a ana
as ronMiinrr : larar'. aa
atock. In (he country; quality and u-rm ihr- rwf. (;..an-
nin K-i-ptm "ikjuju chu or writ p mr, wti.u iiut
CoMl'ANT.AJl Fult(.;i S1..N.Y. P.O. Box 4M.
YOl'HQ ME learn fWearraphj and eimtun trllOQj
a niotittv ETtrj KntdiULU (ruaraucand a pjlni it
natloo. atddjeat & VaJeuUne. al-uiager. .Jnueafllla, WT.
and rFweorjrtC O. D. inywliere. Wh ile-ul
and KmaIL Prlcc-lhrtr. Ooda Kia1 ao
eed. ACUTaaHUlG. Wabatb av.Chl. aso
dtvaa for DarUt-nlam. K TBtFlit
T School lit.. Bo.ton, Maaa.
atCrWTC Com tnonry with -. vtm
HBCn I 9 Receipt Boak, Ourt lh ou
mlac B maU.U. Addreaa Cuaae Pub'njtCo..
CCC A WEEK iu your own town. Tr-msand
Ity V 16 outflVfraa Addr 'H.HnliettAOtt JorttainHie
6CKTS WAM'tO for i
TEO for Tbi-Bf ana t .
H.Kiiia awid Biblej. Fi i.-,-n n di.i-. d
belling rlctorltal r
ptirceni. KaUonal Publlabtus Co.. Phll.nl Ir-M -. F'a.
Anillll HorphlnaHaibtt CnrM In t
flfl"7 wwaitri. no par tin rareaa
T.1 51 1 178 Beat S.-H Inn; ArtU-lea In the world : a r.
W Jvimr JtAV aHUHOn, Detroit. Mica.
Send for Grard t.ap'da.
Bnaln ia Coll'-an Jiar
naL aupuriwradvauuttcdtflveav i
REVOLVER rREE.'!.TSo.op,,T'r'
la f Of) prdftr tthome. Samples worths:
, Portland, aiav
A WEEK. t9ndarattarmeeEilvmadav
d I'oaUi onUlt trm. ArtdiSTrueaUVt, AiurmWa aVa
A.N. K. Olere'd.
pUnmm amy gm$ atea IMm A.mmrti mtmmmt
4a thim .
Dr. Pierco'i OoMen Ullcal Diacoverr uure
aionca. aaiin, m ftnort, all diaranc cautveU i
yurnving, ana invirorattng metliclna.
iLiiioclnlly hat Tt manifeato.1 (ta potency In eiirlng Tritcr, Koae Raak, atoila, Car baa
lea. Mora Eyea. aVroraluua Korea auial awaliiui m hiu ium .. vai.t.
iroratina miMhclna.
Hack, and Knlarsetl Clanda.
If you leal dull, droit., debilitated, hare aailow color of kin, or yelroir.ab-tawi. spat
en face or bodr, frequent heMaclio or dizzioeu, bad taate In niotiiH, Inicmal het or c&IJLe
1 miKiiot, irrpuiar appetite,
i. ,T . . b a rnmeiiv mr mi aitr.n case a
Ucillcui Uiecoverr hiw no equnl, ai It effecta perfect and radical cures.
T?T9l f'Ter OT ' Blllaauneaa." A a remedy
a.viiLi.i I'loi-utcry mv n cqnni, as it enecis pertect ana radical cures.
in the cure of Itronrhltla, Aever CMlia, Weak i mnu. and earl ataffes ot Ctosn
amptlen, U has estonished tlie oiedtcal fitcuUy, and emincut physlclaaa prououaue) tt Uu
ajieatiut medical discover of Ibe age. ttold by
NtwfTawaw Nome of taking the large, repulslTe, nauseons pills. Taeae
Naa. l3a . Felicia (LUUe A'lllaJ aro acarccly larger Ums Mtur4
C aa Kcina enUrelj wefcctable. no particular rare Is required
atT. .-A. 3 P"! r while uaing ihcm. They operate without disturbance to the
.iaAk. v TIL svaiem, diet, or
Ttahlnraa mt C
neoXJttle lait" Oathartte.
aUoiuacb. Had
4Wtt MomtMll, Rnaat T Blaodl m lianal, Ukm
K ees VSSSSrsSS,
1M Uw rfriia-vlata.
nil Ham ore, from the worat ffxrorrrfa, o
ryalBTtau. aUrbriiin. autr.. Hni
Dad blood, arc cooauorcd bv thn uawerfut
end tongue coated, rou are iiacring frote,
for all such cases Dr. Flerce'a QoMco,
occupation, tor JatiBaice,
air a Htoed. Tain In the NhoMldara.
brat. lUaalnra. Hour Krnclatlaua freaaa
Taftte im Heailh. Hliloua attacbs. Fain la
recion or avlducya. lute mat frever, Bleatrd reel in
iver. Kle
ata. rsarea'a riotaaanl ntraatlvo raUeaasi

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