OCR Interpretation

The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, February 13, 1920, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078683/1920-02-13/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

The community which does not protect its worst and mos jhated member in the free utterance of his opinions, no matter
how false or hateful, is only & gang of slaves" Wendell Phillips.
Official Organ of the Conunist Labor Party of Ohio.
NO. 106.
at Cleveland
Secret Couriers Cross
Spartacan and Bolshevik agents I passes admitted they had nothing to
carry messages from leaders giving do with the American mission, but
details for carrying on propaganda ' in reality were working for the Com
munists. Ope wormn, similarly equip-
While a few arrests have been made
of secret agents passing between Ber
lin and Soviet Russia, it is believed
' that many Kt thni the frontiers safe
ly with messages for the Communist
groups in these and other countries.
London repoils state. Bolshevist
a&ents intrusted with messages regard
ing sensational widespread Ke! planj
have been for a considerable time
traveling between Berlin and Soviet
Russia on false credentials, it is stat
ed in official quarters. The credent
ials they carried are said to have
described them as delegates of the
American Red Cross mission in Berlin
to conduct investigations regarding the
exchange of Germar. prisoners mroin
Those couriers, it appears, were
carrying dispatches between Moscow
and Bolshevist organizations in other
countries, including the German Spar
tneides and the Swiss Communists
Lithuanian authorities discovered the i
illicit traveling after Lithuania's bord
ers had been crossed many times' and
a number of arrests followed. Not nil
the couriers were provided with Amer
ican papers, but such forged credent
ials were found on several of the pris
oners. Two men who carried Red Cross
pod, who worked from Dwinsk, said
sho had been -instructed to deliver
documents to persons she did not know
Most interesting of the capture
(Vi-re, two men en route to Moscow by
way of Berlin. They carried letters
concealed in their neckties Ono of
them was a German, and a member
of the Independent Socialist Party of
Olermanv, and the other was a Swiss
belonging to an extremist organization
called the Socialist-Democratic Organ',
zation of Young People in Switzer
The German carried a letter from
the head of a Spartacist organiza
tion in Germany to M. Tchicherin,
Russian Bolshevist Minister of For
tign Affairs. The letter indignantly
denied the report that German Spar
tacides were counter-revolutionary to
the Russian Bolshevik i. It declared
t'lat Karl Radek (the Bolshevist pro
pagandist who recently left Berlin)
conld testify to the writer's communist
sympathies. It was said further by
the writer that he was arranging with
the Russian Bolshevik Zinovieff tnth
regard to spreading communist pro
paganda in all parts of the world by
special courier service from Berlin.
T66S Situation Certain to oe
Extreme Before Harvest.
Believes United States Should Aid
Foreign Nations Conceives
Revolt in Germany.
Basing his predictions oij, economic
factors which he said were clearly ob
servable, Frank A. Vmderlip, former
President of the National City Bank,
daims that dire times were near for
Europe. With countries on the other
side of the Atlantic facing an inflated
iurrercy nnd an unwillingness on the
part of other nations to extend credit
to tl.em, he said, there was reason to
b'dieve the pesent crisis would be
more acute. Mr. Vanderlip believed
the United States, as the only solvont
country in the world, should have the
ability to assume world leadership.
What the world needed was moral
leadership, he maintained, nnd it was
practically up to us to aid in the re
habilitation of the other countries.
Mr. Vanderlip said, that when he
assumed the role of a prophet last
year on his return from Furopo he
wns termed a pessimist. Tb march
of events since then substantiated his
predictions as to what was going to
happen on the other side, he said.
'(The same conditions are present
now, except they point to a worse con
dition," he said. "The food situation
in Central Europo is certain to be
come extremo between now and the
nrxt harvest. Thero is an appalling
situation just ahead in Poland, Au
stria and .Armenia. There political
outlook is portentous. Look at Ger
many, with he'r indefinite indemnities,
disorganized politically. Then there
is Poland, hungering, without the
means of obtaining credit to alleviate
this want, presenting '.ne possibilities
or n political revolution.
"It. is conceivable that thero will
be a political revolution in Germany,
Bolshevist in character, which will
hold out a friendly hand to Soviet
Russia. What wc should have done
years sgti to remedy all this trouble
wis to make loans, but not through
the Government. I sty this .because
onr Government has loaned $10,000,000
000 to nations which think they ought
to pay it back And there is some
thing to he said on their side, too, as
many of thtn can't pa it back."
Mr. Vanderlip went into detail to
erplain how Inflation was brought
about through the printing of paper
money not backed by reserve. He
traced the credit system from its ear
liest beginning to the present time
aud ahowert ltow emus naci oeen ex-
1CI jtint lM..
n America tWT expansion had not
quite reached the limit allowed, he said
but the effect of the increases was
the bisis of the high cost of living
He declared that this country should
take note of the results of overex
pansion and not bring about a similar
cris's here.
Address all mail to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, O.
$1.00 A YE'
Summing up in his own behelf, Ben
jnmin Hitlow, former Socialist Assemb
lyman on trial before Justice B&rtov
S. Weeks on a ehorge of criminal
anarchy, list week asserted that the
revolutionary principles of the Left
Wii? Socialist Party nre the princi
ples he believes in.
"I will ficht for those principles,"
Oitlow added. "My life is devoted
to them. I ask no clemency. Re
gardless of your verdict I clnim that
these principles are correct."
The defendant was permitted by
Justice Weeks to make the summing
up address, desnite the fact that Git-
low did not take the witness stand
during the trial, and therefore had not
No. Use Cd
csrooH PCPTl
lling This Cop.
The 'Cost of Living' and The Workers.
been subjected to
mninnt ion.
"It is an unusual request," said
Justice Weeks, "but is not to bo
denied this time."
The Justice cautioned Gitlow not to
mako any statements not bassed on
evidence submitted at tho trial. Git
low disregarded the warning, however,
with tho result that he7 had several
clashes with the Court, after the last
of which the defendant ended his ad
"T admit thnt in tho eyes of pre
sent dny societv 1 am a revolution
ist ' . . . Gitlow asserted.
Judco Weeks banged on the bench
with his gavel.
"Mr. Gitlcw, yon are not permit tod
to givo your views and beliefs," said
the court.
"IH try to make my romarks iui
personal," said Gitlow. "Now in
the United States all of onr bank,
factories and mines are maintained for
private advantage. Suppose John D.
Rockefeller with all his bonds, stocks
and gold, went to the Sahara desert.
Do 70a think he could get for him
,relf the comforts of life! Ho could
look at his mountains of gold, but he
conld not boy blmwlf a drink."
Gitlow then launched iato a state
(Continued on page 4)
A news dispatch states that the IV
partmemt of Labor has sent a detachment
of secret agents into 30 industrial centers
of the country on an investigation of the
costs of about every thing ordinary hu
mans use in their daily lives- with the ex
ception of food. Why food is excepted,
we di,not know, unles it' is that the De
partment considers food among the luxu
ries, too high in price for the average in
dividual to aspire to.
There soeni to be unlimited occasions
for "investigation" these times. About
every department of the national govern
ment is making from one to 57 varieties
every day. Some six months ago, the gov
ernment heads, with Woodrow in the lead
and every little aping politician fol
lowing, essayed to engage in mortal cora
bait with the Giant, familiarly known as
H. 0. of L: It was a great fight. Perhaps
ho other governmental affort was ever ac
companied with as much noise, bluster and
general hullabaloo as was Wilson's war
rnpon tho high cost of living. The govern
ment unloaded all its surplus war stocks
of food upon the market in order to re
establish the law of supply and demand
in the markets. Governmental price fix
in tho markets. Governmental price Fix
ing was again put in practice, and it look
ed on the sruf race tho Goliath would suijo
ly receive a fatal blow from the hand pf
Woodrow, the valiant and virtuous.
But have you notioed any slump in
the price of any thing you use to keep
your self above ground T Wo doubt if you
ean name three Articles which are a pen
ny cher.jwr now that when Wilson and
Goliath locked horns. Just consider the
following inspiring figures for a moment
and ask yourself jf Wilson and his Mild,
by their methods are likely to create any
change favorable to yout
Tho price of clothing is still making
enormous advances, but the American Wtv
olen Oo. made a cleaning of 56 per cent
in T917 and 1918. There can hardly be
said to bo a shortage of cotton with 11,
000,000 'bales plus 3,000,000 left over from
1918, but this does not stop the specula
tors from boosting the cotton crop values
50,000,000 or more in a day. In one week,
while the war was on, they boosted it one
half 'a billion dollars. No reason here to
wonder why cotton costs more now than
silk used to
. A 50 per cent increase in the price of
shoes by next summer is predicted by one
of the largest shoe manufacturers. At the
same time, leather companies and shoo
manufacturers are declaring "extra" di
vidends. As a matter of fact, with each
"shortage" in any line of commodities
which Is said to occur, the stock of all
companies dealing in that line at once goes
up in price.
From July of 1914, to November 1919,
food prices advanced 92 per cent, clothing
135 per cent, fuel 48 per cent and rent 38
per cent.
Just now there is said to be a "sugar
shortage". The increase in price will add
a billion or so to the previous robberies
of the gentlemen whose private control of
tho necessities of life enable them to ex
tort almost at will such huge sums from
their victims.
Turndg to the cases which the govern -mcnt
has started against the profiteers
who have been caught in the wide meshes
of the antj- profiteering laws, we find that
there have been 179 alleged profiteers
nabbed. In but three cases fines and sen
tences were imposed.
Tho government was exceedingly
harsh in its treatment of these thieves as
is seen in the punishments meted out. One
was fined $100.00 and spent a few days in
jail. Anothor paid a fine of $250.00 and
snont three months behind the bars. Tho
other drew a $500.00 fine and six montli3
Continued on page 4th.
X Vo
o ? ,
We've a few questions which we want to ask every reader
of The Toiler every Party member, every radical who reads
these paragraphs, every thinking worker who lifts his eyes
from his work long enough to catch a glimps of a better daft,
for Labor.
We realize that there is a peculiar state of mind among
America's workers juRt ikv. Labor is in a state of revolt, but
it has not found the methods by which to cope with the de
caying institutions of the capitalist system and. the old forms
of labor organization. It is earnestly searching for the way
out, searching for the proper method by which to break for
ever with the slavery of the past and present. It is groping,
often in the dark, with eyes blinded by ancient superstitutions
and fraudulent teachings for the sword with which to out the
chains that bind it.
Labor will find the sword to cut its chains. It will lose many
battles with capital, but each lost strike will prove to be a
lesson that wijl teach the true meaning of the Labor struggle,
It will lose many skirmishes-- but it will win the war, it will
win in the end. The future belongs to Labor and no matter
what bitter defeats are ours, wc must rise again ready to serve
the Cause of Emancipation.
The master class realizes that Labor is in revolt. It is
seeking by various means to curb and control this revolution
ary tide. But its methods will be in vain. Whether it attemmts
a policy of nroresossion, as some advocate, or whether it
establishes a system of paternalism toward Labor, the result
will.be the same. Capitalism's hordes of parasites will be
foiW to dismount froi bacic of Labor and to take their
places in the ranks onaO.Nfrl producers. This must be the
final result. .&bor wj&H, 5 A beaten, it will prove the victor.
We call tipor ,5 or morjfker who read these lines to en-
Caere, in this v ' " "'nat tV wni.Hm.
country tor the overthrow of the camtalist svstmn of nrtukm
tion and the establishment of working-class control of in
dustry We call UDon voa to LEND A HANT) ?n fho wmiV
the Revolutionary Movement. We ask vou to not delav for one
ill 1
moment the nelp which your activity will give in this battle
or jjaiDor tor a better lite.
Whether you are a "red" of just a "radical", or whether
or not you have classified yourself as either, we say to you
if you find anything good in The Toiler to give it your sup
port. If you dont find it good, we know yon won't support it,
but if you do, We 'know that you will find your place in the
ranks of those who stand behind us with their support. Don't
fail to give your little, for it, multiplied by the same from
many others, spells continuance and in the end success. We
?re fighting your fight. We want you to back us up with that
which makes it possible to keep up our present high stand
ard. We want the subscriptions which you can get, the dollars
which you can give.
Nothing could give a longer lease of life to the parasites who
fatten upon the profits wrung from your sweat and toil than
the destruction of the worker's press The Toiler among them.
From more than one source the word has reached us that
certain semi-official frovernment agents were "going to get"
the editor. Devious and dark methods have been used bv those
in governmental authority in more than one attempt to destroy
this paper. Intimidation has been practiced, open threats of
business losses have been made furninsr tVinoo with
We are not afraid of their damned iails. nor of nnvthinir
else which they can hand us. We are afraid of but one thing,
the inactivity and lethargy of the workers. This is the only
thing which can injure us, it is the onlv thing to fear. And
yet, such a fear SHOULD be Groundless. Thm-P nooil Ho Tin
reason for it in fact. For we know that there are hundreds,
yes, Thousands of wide awake workers whose hearts and souls
are m the Revolucionary Movement. W7o know that they are
ready and willing to give time, energy and monev for tho
Cause. And wo want every one of you who read this, and every
. 4li ... ...... I ... .-.1 iV 1 -a Wll mmm . .. '
uumt ouur wno nnns any goon in The Toiler to begin AT
ONCE a campaign of sumoort and siihaerintinn wHi'n
-, - , ... 1 e"'"ft ivti nun
paper. There is not a locality anywhere in this countrv where
mo nres oi revolt are not seething. There is not a locality
where readers for it cannot bo obtained. And there is not a
locality where it will not prove a moans of inspiration and
uwvoiupmuui to me itevoiuiionary Cause.
We call upon our readers to begin to-doy, each one in his
own way, a campaign for subscriptions and support of The
Toiler. If we are doing the work vou want done support
ue, help us to do it better. Lend a hand! Give us vonr support
Join the ranks of those who are doing things. Back up the
Movement for working-class emancipation.
If you believo we are a worthy factor in the worker'
straggle for emancipation, yem should lonfl a helping hand in
the work.
i I

xml | txt