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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, February 20, 1920, Image 2

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Skygac's Column.
"Labor Party Labors Death, Says
Gorrpers" Headline. More likely it
would be. Labor Party Gobi per (Po
litical) Death.
The Gentlemen's Howe Journa alias
Tke SatEvePost is full to overflow
Ug with bourgeoisie pro;.agauda. There
it even an article explaining how the
war tought the art or governing the
people thru pooaganda.
According to the S. E. P. red pro
jognnda is all w:ong Bourgeoisie Pro
paganda is O. K.
Honest I never expected to live to
sec the da when a journal of over two
million circulation would publish Joe
Hill's "Long Haired Preachers" bu
the 8. E. Post published it in its issue
,ii Va. -th an a nart of an iuv
possible yam called The Possibilist.
But they carefully omitted the verse
about the Starvation Army, whie
reads rs follows.
And the Starvation Army comes out
They sing and they pray and they
Till they get all your coin on the drum
Then they'll tell you when you're on,
the bum.
Yon will Eat, Bye and Bye
In that glorious land above the sky
Work and pray, Live on hay,
Youll get pie, in the sky, bye and
"Asserts Ignorance Perils the Na
tion " Dr Robert McNutt McElroy has
discovered that the war did not make
America - 'safe for Democracy". Noted
educator declares people too ignorant
for true democracy until they free
tic educators and the educational sy
stems from the yoke of economic im
pendence upon fhe upper class. Econo
mic democracy will give educational
They arrested a man in Savannah for
being a Socialist. Well we HAVE
elopped burning witches.
We have buncoed immigrants"
. - ji: li-J
avs s newsf.aier neauunr. nvi w
ste them admit it. The immigrants have
long known it.
When an underpaid teacher teaches
...;n k..
an unnenea nam m
teaching bet
Genius often tOft out in unexpected
Down our way a local editor pro-
boom to squech the reds remedying
conditions so the reds will have noth
ing to kick about.
Oh well. A rose by anv other name,
we say
The Mayflower bringeth and tho
Bufford take that away even as
hm show the diw.-tion the wind
The Declaration of Independence
Bkanifeated the right of, the people to
after or abolish existing govenrinents
and to institute new ones. Slip this
information to the next 100 per center
who is ''seeing red.'
The Proletarian after quoting figures
given out by Sec. Bacon to the effect
that 2t per cent of the drafted boys
trsi illiterate and another teu per
'ent of less than normal intelligence,
r ses to ask whether the American
Legion was recruited from the 10 per
ent or the 24 ) er cent or both?
From which we infer that the pro
letarian susp(es the A. L. of Bour
geoisie tendencies.
A friend writes me that the Bol
sheviks will never .each their goal
but he expects them to sweep tho
world in less tehn five years.
Now I'm wonderng what he thicks
the goal of the Bolsheviks may bet
The world for the workers.
A classless world
Democracy triumphant.
!jo may it be.
a neWset of heroes
By Aula
'It's TIME
For a brand
new t
Announces a Movie '1
. i
Here it is, one of the first Soviet
postage stamps to rench America.
Among the many new stamp designs
of the new European governmentsi none
show more beauty and strength of
design than this.
The distinctive feature of this de
sign which sets it aside from the ones
we are used to seeing is the revolu
tionary significance of the hand and
sword severing the chain.
Asquith. Their reply invariably was
"Trust Asquith."
The cause of labor is safe in the
hands of Vanderveer.
Oct i nress-agent
For the man who tc
With his HANDS!!
The Star Dressing-room'
It isn't wages and
causes the
our work-a-da
Montesano, Feb. 6. Out of the
grind of ceaseless questionings re
garding the fitness of some man or
woman to sit as a juror in the trial
of the 11 men accused of murder ut
Centralia on Armistice day. Novem-
there also comes the otlur
"whether these men are
to have fc fair and impartial trial.
Labor throughout the world has an
eagle eye focused on the little court
room here end wants to know the
manner of men who are to hold in
their hands the fate of these other
men who are recognized as members
of an impopular organization.
Also, labor is asking what manner
-of man is sitting as judge in this rtial
and what of the prosecution and the
defense attorneys.
All these things can be answered
tnly by being on the ground, study
ing the conditions surrounding the
trial, then weighing all the accumlat
ed ideas, sifting out the unlikely ones
and arriving at a decision which may
or may not be the one that any other
man would have reached under the
came circumstances.
Bentiinont in Grays Harbor county,
as indicated by a large percentage of
those examined for jury service, is
radically opposed to the Industrial
Workers of the World as an organiza
tion This has been sworn to repeai
edly by these jurors under onth. It
lias been made the ground for the
excusing of many of them from jury
ecrvice during this v trial.
Nor is this prejudice extended more
ly to the organisation. Time after
time jurors have stated under oath
.hat this prejudice would preclude
any possibility of their giving the de
fendants a fair trial, no matter what
the evidence might bo.
There arc yet on the jury men who
have fcaid they did not approve of
the Industrial Workers of the World,
and whilo it is fully acknowledged
this is their right, there remains the
fact that the membership of the ac
cused whs concerned in many of the
questions asked of every talesman.
So complicated have been the ques
tions along this line that the court
has had to nsk for rereading of
cucstions so that the record might
be kept clear. Also court records will
show what to a layman appears as a
decided difference in ruling unseat
ing juroft for entertainnig prejudice
ns to the merits of the case and there
Are yet other jurors who have boon
per in it i ! I to remain on the jury when
thev irnvo almost identical answers
to almost identical questions.
Feeling with reference to the ease
on t.ial is not hard to nscerthin. Un
iversally when ieking to a juror on
any huhjoit they fight shy of appro
aching the matter of the trial This
of course, Is according to the in
struction of the court and should bo
It is. Hut men who
before the jury was summoned
many of these men had no such
itnncy before that time and that geu
crally tl.cy had decided opinions.
Feelings Unsmothered.
With those who arc not summoned
to sit as jurors there is no effort to
mother feelings regarding just what
tuck place at Centralia on Armistice
vance and just how it was executed.
They do not give he possibility of a
doubt to the stories that came out
iniiucuiately following the shooting.
However, these men almost without
un exception, say they want to sco
a fair and impartial trial. Press the
question of guilt or innocence further
and you get. them back without any
effort to the positive, statement of
guilt. Their idea of fairness appears
to be a conviction without trial.
Tn the court room there always is a
large number of men in uniform. In
the hall there is a similar scene and
on the streets of the village there was
no such a display of khaki before the
trial date. Almost over night the
town changed from the peaceful lo
cking village to a community such as
often was found just at the close of
hostilities and the return of the ser
vice men from war.
As to the -effect or purpose in hav
ing a large number of men in uniform
parade about a town where others are
being tried for having shot ex-service
men, that mav be "well left to tho
citizen of average intelligence to an
swer satisfactorily.
Tho explanation that ''wohblies'
are so likely to be present and show
their desire to see their fellow work
ers liberated will not stand the acid
tect and that, too, is generally well
known hore.
As to the prosecuting attorneys,
well prosecutors seem to be one of the
strong features of the trial. There
are five of them within the railing
practically all the time and another
is working at an office down town.
It is recognized that the country
elects its prosecutor, and in important
cases this man usually has an assist
ant, but it is seldom that one finds
so many assistants appointed to help
out and still more seldom that tho
elected prosecutor sits back as an ad
visory member of tiio group.
There has tecn perhaps more com
ment centered upon Judge Wilson than
almost any other judge in the state.
He waa practically unknown to the
state at large bofore this trial. Now
everyone is asking, "What no yon
think of Jud. Wilsont"
Well, thinking of Judge Wilson re
calls the stntetnent of one of the
newspaper correspondents who said
"When I think of Judge Wilson I
recall my days as a cub reporter. At
that time I used t wonder what 1
wini Id do were I suddenly dropped
into the chief editor's chair and told
to run the paper."
As to Vanderveer, attorney for tho
MM lu re defense, il ir comparison to re
lay for to the answers given ty English
he. ' statesmen when asked about Premier
Jurors who will try the Centralia
Armistice day cases:
F. H. McMurray, teamster, Aber
deen. Harry Sellers, laborer, Elma.
Audrey T. Fisher, real estate dealer,
Samuel Johnson fisherman, Monte
Edward Parr, loggiug engineer
E. E. Torpen. retired farmer, Mon-
Carl 0. Sulten, farmer, Lake Quid
W. E. Einmon, ex-deputy sheriff,
E. B. Sweitzer, farmer, Oakville.
P. V. Johnson laborer Aberdeen.
E O. Robinson carpenter, Aberdeen.
Frank Glenn, farmer, Brady.
Correspondent Unmasks Real Condi
tions Faced by Workers of the World.
By Frank Walklin
Sure, we know it:
We've seen it
Rightjnhere in the
We know human m
EVERYONE wantsfhis turn
To be
ovies ;
MMIIMMIMIHIIMIIHI 1 1 1 1 1 III 1 1 1 1 1 H 1 1 1 1 M
The Qlack Sheep, j
Evervone wants ROGNITION;
Everyone gets tired
Of being a STJPEj
Evervone wants his ffhsnce
At being
by Jack London
. . 85r w x
Address The Toiler.
by Wm. C. Bullitt
Address The Toiler.
Always the world
Once we had them
And then we reveneetl
m riff rTrfTT?TfrlflH& '
And recently we glorified
Who should be next in line
What about Tom Jones
In South End of switching tower
For twenty vears;
Rememhn the winter night
In 190?,
When he saved the passengers
Of Number 20'
How about Slavouian John
Handling alone at miduight
A tilting Bessemer converter
That seething HELL!
How about tbe woman
Who makes the best BREAD
In the village t
Give us a personality story
About HER!
Bring out the prize tire-maker
And locomotive driver,
The skillfulcst crane-man
These are the men
Who are MAKING
The world of TODAY
They are HUMAN;
They refuse to stand any longer
In the background;
We don't blame them!
It's TIME, anyway,
For a brand now set
rrmesfH "-
By Long and Lanky ,
Chart. X'III.
The shepherd of the Flock.
From the Editor's office she male
her way directly to the Rev. Good
man s residence. She found him busily
engaged sweeping the snow frjm his
walks He greeted her with that pe
culiar professional courtesy which par
sons generally display toward the fir
sex. When she told him that she woulJ
ike 'o consult with him on a rather
important matter he invited her into
hi study. ,
His study was a suu.ll room lined on
ligtcis nalhw with some works on
two sides with books mostly of a re
ligious natur,e with some works on
Mythology and History. Books dealing
with subjects of science and synthetic
philosophy were conspicious only bv
their absence. An enormous Bible, u
small bust of Christ v.pon the mantel
piece which was above a small fire
place. A small library table containing
the Big Book and a little writing desk
constituted the arsenal with whicli
the Rev. Goodman assailed the Devil.
Personally, he was well passed middle
age, with a "tiive us tins nay our
daily bread" look iu his face. He
was slightly bald, had long slim fiu-
gers and was rather tall, lie was good-
in fact his goodness was akin to
owardice. Ho feared God and loved
his contributors hence he never mingl
ed in political affairs unless he first
had ascetrained upon whut side of the
fence his substantial parishoners were
to be found. When he was sure of that
then the parson had no trouble in I
getting Ood 's consent in championing
their cause among the lesser members
of his flock. He might have been de
scribed by paraphrasing a certain -text
of ht-ripture. Streth your concsiencc a
little for your stomach's sake. He
prayed to God for guidance and kept
u weather eye for financial storms,
Olive had never seen these qualities
in the man until now. Jack from his
cell her father, teacher, judge and
editor had unconsciously worked to
gether to bring them out in bold re
lief. Even before the interview she
felt certain that Mr. Goodman would
talk as the others had talked, and time
he would justify iht people of Ana
moose ultimately :"or the same reason
by which the pcoie justified them
selves money.
When they were seated in the study
Olive wasted no time on preliminaries
us not seven times but seventy seven
times. So you see I would have to
be gentle lest the rebuke would do
more harm than good."
"If Mr. Jones your Deacon hirod a
man to help harvest his crop and
agreed to pay that man two dollars
a day, when that man received that
money is it bis?"
' Certainly. ' '
"And to take it from him except
for value received is stealiogt"
"And stealing is considered im
moral f" '
"Now if you knew that a majority
of your Church Members hire men and
pay them wages, then vots for other
men who run illegal saloons thru
which these men become intoxicated,
in fact where they encouraged to
become intoxicated, for no other reason
than to furnish an excuse for arresting
and fining them for all they have
earned so that the money may be
applied on our legitimate tax bills,
would you call that a sin worthy of
"Your 'case is an impossible one. No
christian community does such things.
The law would not permit it."
'But it happens right here," she
paid emphatically. "And Mr. Kranston
and papa defend it. Mr. Hun ton even
dons not attack it. They openly say
that we may as well take the money
for taxes and city improvements us
to let the saloon keepers in other
states take it."
"But Miss Anderson " the Parson
continued a littles excitedly, "you see
if what von say were true, and I'm
afraid you're exagerating a little, it
tvculd be, not a spiritual but a civil
matter and vou know tbe church should
not take part in wordly affairs. You
rnust also not forget that those floating
men are well 'er not christians.
Personally I do not think that Mr.
Duffy would fine, them, unless they
deserved it. But' grant that he does
fine them contrary to the civil law, it
is outside of the province of the
church. As a servant of God I mnst
keep myself unspotted of the world.
But tell me Miss Anderson,, what
brought these things to your attention?
To say the least it is a trifle bold
for a young girl like yourself to meddle
with such things."
"T visited the jail Sunday with the
Endeavor committee," Olive explained.
"Ahem! well well so you met that
It's time to give LABOR
A Star Dressing-rcom! "
News of the Labor Straggle
Federated jpress News Service
I'AISLEY, Scotland By a vote
of 158 to 2H the Independent Labor
Party of Scotland at its annual con
vention here severed its connection
with tie Second International and af
filiated with the Moscow Internntion
a, declaring that "Lenine is now
the lender of the movement whicli
will destroy world capitalism."
The party also decided to retain its
connection with the Labor Party, on
the ground that it was the only mass
proletarian organization which held
the potentiality of the new social or
der. Other resolutions were passed con
demnig the "pence of violence," aad
demanding freedom for lrelana and
ami restoration of real poaee wi'o all
These decisions have been forward
ed to the Independent Labor Party ot
Pngland, nnd will bo taken up at the
national invention nt Easter.
DUBLIN A vigorous protest
against the arrest of Jim Larkin, Ben
Oitlow and Jack Carney. Irish rad
ical . in Americn, wns voted unani
mously at the congress of the Sosinl
ist party of bttaad.
renouncing the arrest of the first
two men "by the heresy-hunting
Lusk committee" the resolution urges
Irishmen in the United States to take
step for the release of Larkin, "the
ins-n whose personality, courage and
devotion to the working class ideals
raised the Irish workers from tho
abyss into which alien and domestic
capitalism had plunged them."
ftor similar praise of the high
ideals of Jack Carney, the resolution
"We, living under the heel of n
foreign military dictatorship, send our
fraternal greetings to the L W. W.
tho Compwfct Labor party and all
our working clnss comrades in Amer
'i a who are being oppressed by tbe
industrial oligarchy of America."
the Russian people arc Supporting the
Bolshoviki, is the statnUret here of
Crahan. H. Taylor, Chicago, former
American consular aid in Russia.
"Land is another word for religion
with the Russians. That is the reason
the great mass of them eling to tho
Bolsheviki." said Taylor. "The Bol
shoviki knew tho dosiref of the ma
jority and when they itepped in in
the crucial momen : of tke revolution
1hey obtained the sanation of the
masses because thev use4 diplomacy.
"Every industry is under the con
trol of the Blosheviki. Only two banks
remain in the entire country. Tin
state bank exists, as does also the
Moskowsky-Novnrsky, wnleh is under
the snine. managment as before the
war, except that a Bnlshevik official
watches to see that thay act in ac
cordance jvith the government policy
This hank is under the control of tho
cooperative charities.
"The Russian church is undergoing
.1 change similnr to the go'verment.
former radical pastorn'Vare turning
i onsen ative. The csatblishinent of
democratic system of electing church
officers is casing the ministry a great
deal of trouble."
LONDON Capt. Dovefon, admin -ii-trator
of martial law at Kasnr, In
dia, compelled natives to rub their
foreheads in the dust' an "punish
ment", and collected large audiences
to witness the public logging of na
tives. One of them, k noet. ho rn-
q-.iirnl to write a poeinj in his praise.
Admission of thesp accusations was
made before the llnntor commission
investigating the Pimjafc disturbances.
Lieut. Col. Macrae, Doveton's pro
deeessor, admitted to the commission
he had flogged nix seioolbovs chosen
"because they were the biggest in the
crowd" in punishment! 'jtor a demon
stration. On ono occasion, ho itatod, tho malo
population of tho town, numbering
10.000, were turned out, for identifica
tion parade, and soiUt wore arrested
on tno spot. The Made lasted for
tix hours, he said. M
A cage was erect! 'tntaide the rail
wny station for thtfMrommodation of
persons confined in the cage at any
time might have been 150. He was
'quite satisfied about the accommo-
lation," he declared.
MEXICO CITY' The latest exten
sion of the power of Postmaster Gen
eral Burleson is seen in a refusal to
allow international postoffice orders
to be forwarded to Gale's Magazine,
radical publication in English. All
postoffice orders are now halted at.
the bordor.
MEXICO CITY The Communist par
ty of Mexico has made a detailed re
port to tho Third Internatonal at Mos
cow of its activities. Describing the
attitude of the Mexican worker, the
report says:
"Like the American negro, the Me
xican Indian detests capitalism and all
its works, having acquired that detes
tation in the hard shool of exploi
tation and suffering, but like the ne
gro also, his efforts to secure emanci
pation have so far been spasmodic, un
reasoning and futille in their childish
The women of New Zealand have form
ed .One Big union in order to deal
actively with such questions as the
cost of living, the housing shortagc)
state medical sorvice, oducation and
universal military training.
CinOAOO - That the ,ajri(y f arrested men. Th ji,Bi nulu),r 0f
BOMBAY, Idla British troops -n
India cnllod into service to break tho
strike of 200,000 Indian cotton work
ers in Bomhny, have fired upon peace
ful gatherings of workers, causing
many casualties.
The strike etnrted the first of Jan
uary and has 'continued unabated. All
the mills in the city are closed. Tho
strikers domand an increase in wagos.
The average wage of skilled workers
in the cotton mills of Bombay range
from 4.40 a month. Unskilled work
ers recolve still less.
In cotton mills the workers are of
ten employed as many as 17 and IS
hours a day. In Bombav the workers
work for H hours or more.
The factoriea In which the millhaads
work are without any sanitnry or
health provisions. Tthere Is no yen
The present Bombay strike is a re
(Continued on page 8.)
waste when human beings were suffer
ing so she plunged into the subject nt
once by saying Mr. Goodman I'm in
trouble real spiritual trouble and I
want you to help me. I need help as
never before."
"You shall have it. If can be of
any assistance to you in a spiritual
way, I shall count it a plensure," said
the preacher unctionsly.
"Is there really such a thing as
morality," Olive asked bluntly.
" Y cs, most certainly. ' '
"Is it a law?"
"It is more, it is the foundation of
all social relation; it's the manifesta
tion of God in man. The moral law i'
the highest of all laws."
"Is tho observance of the moral
law obligatory upon christians'"
"Why of course," affirmed the
parson. Faith without works is dead,'
say the scriptures. But Miss Andor
son, why these questions? They show
a dangerous state of mind."
She ignored his professional inter
rogation and asked that he give her
a concrete definition of morality. To
which the parson replied that it was
consistent practice of the golden rule.
"Then they who do not practice the
golden rule are immoral and therefore
cannot bo good christians in the high
est sense of the word I" Olive per
No, not in the highest sense-that
is if they are willfully immoral, but
remember Christianity teaches that
our sins will bo forgiven if we con
fess them and repent," the parson ex
"If we sin wilfully?"
"Tho our sins he as scarlet they
shall be made whiter than snow."
"You do not mean that this promise
is to be as a liscense for violating the
golden rule, do you?"
"No it is placed in the Bible as a
beacon of hope on tho shores of eter
nity, guiding us poor mortals thru tho
sons of tomptatlon."
"Yfcn would not inconrage the wil
ful violation of the goldon rule then?"
"Why of course not."
"And if you know that we were
violntlng it willfully, would you re
buke u?"
"Most certainly, such is mv duty to
my God."
l'Hut if you also know tht.t we
would got angry at the rebuke, and
stop coming to churchy and stop giving
would you still rebukL
'I most certainly would. Of con-so,
Miss Eaglebeak was telling me some
thing about his ranting and blasphemy;
sic told me, that he refnsed to let tho
services go on. Such a character! I
think Judge Duffy was entirely too
lenient with him. Think of it Miss
Anedrson. A youth a mere boy, with
out renpect for the word of God or
the laws of man."
This little speech angered the girl
beyond words. For a full minute she
sat and looked at the preacher with
eyes more, powerfully eloquent than (
over her tongue could be. She literally
burned her scorn into the preacher's
soul. At Inst she said with a dignity
far beyond her years, "Mr. Goodman,
it seems to me that your conclusions
?re quite unfair. This young man did
not refuse to let the services go on.
He spoke to us, ho asked us questions
in a civil manner. We could not answer
his questions, and neither could you
have answered them. He plead with us
to be true to the best that was in nsi
yet told us at the same time that we
would not live honestly so long as
it were more profitable to live dis
honestly. I thought that what he said
were words engendered by bitterness.
I was mistaken. What sounded harsh
was but the brilliance of tho light
that his words caused us to see. He
showed us the chain that bindB us all
to the rock of evil; that causes us to
tolerato blind pigs, that fixes you so
that you dare not raise your voice
against it: that fixes my father bo
that he too supports the crime because
men come to this town in search of
vhe drink we dare not banish. The
heavv fines which amount to robbery
fill the town treasury and mako taxes
lighter. That is why we maintain the
officers who wink nt the law of the
land It is an offense nnd your tongno
is tied by your salary and your
By this time the preacher with both
hands upraised was gesticulating wild
ly. He waa completely oi'f his course.
"Mis Anderson, Miss Anderson," bo
shoutod, "that young man must be a
Devil; he has put into your head ter
rible ideas. They are most vicious, most
sinful! He has changed you child your
sweet innocent view of llfo is gone
h is full of worldly wisdom which is
necessary to men of the world, bat
not to yon. I must advise you to
p-ay, Miss Anderson to pray most
earnestly that these thoughts be taken
from your mind, that you may bo
rostored to your former innocence.
Don't speak any more of it. Try and
I would have to be vory sure that ' forgot it. You are a woman. You should
you had actually vlolatod God's law tn.be a tender flower growing In lov-
tho spiritual tense before T would feel
called upon to act. Remember we pray
'forgive us our debts, as we forgive
ou rdebtora.' Jesus tells ui to forgive
linens in the ae.'luslon of your homj
nnd b4 mingle with common charact
ers. I shall advise that yon be taken
(Continued on page 3.)

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