Newspaper Page Text
Published at Cleveland CLEVELAND, 0., FRIDAY, MARCH 12th 1920. Address all mail to 3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, 0. PAPER SCARCITY Senn it? of print paper compels us to issue a six column p.tper this week. We hope to revert to our usual 7 column size- next week. $1.00 A YEAR MARGUERITE PREVEY IS KIDNAPPED FROM JAIL 'LAW AND ORDER' GANG VIOLATES COURT ORDER TO SECURE POSSESSION OF PRISONER Kidnapped by the Sheriff of Franklin County, Ohio, tinder i nst motions of the Illinois author'tics, and in collusion with them, Marguerite Prevey, member of the State Executive Com mittee of the Communist Labor Party of Ohio, was taken from the county jail at Columbus during the dark hours of the night of March 3rd and hurried to prison at Chicago. This dastardly and illegal actgsras perpetrated on the heels of an order of the Omul of dud- tt,'1 Kincead of the Court oi common rieas earner in u of execution of 48 hours to m perfect their asrror proceeding Court of Appeals tli0t'tc4j lie ordered a sta e. JT& - attorneys to jl rim "Sfex 0. to . The heating on this evidence wan net lor March 1st, but owing to Minos of Judge Kincead, it was postponed to the following Wednesday. Jos. w. Shafts and J. L. Bachman, Mrs. Prevey 's attorneys made a splen did showing at the hearing. Testimony of officials of the Communist Labor Party of Ohio was introduced to prove the political character of the Party, its manner of functioning and the LasV ' Marguerite Prevey means and methods it advocated to ac complish its ends. Tom Clifford, alio a member of the Party State Executive Committee was placed upon the stand and testified to the character of the organization and the convention acts at the time it was organized at Chi cago. Another witness for the detune was E. T. Allison, present state Secre tary of Ohio. Mrs. I'rovey also testified to her part in organising the Party at Chicago, Slim Evidence of Prosecution. The only evidence offered by the prosecution was a paragraph in the Manifesto of the Communist Inter national issued at Moscow in 1!MS. This paragraph, which outlines the ulan of i stablisl.iti" the control of the WOrken and demands the armin of the proletariat and the disarming of the bourgeoisie, together with a naraoranh in the Platform of the Communist Labor Party) which ex presses harmony of relationship be tweon the principles of the Party with those of thfl Third International form the basis of the charges against Mr-i. Prevey. In a deliberate and forceful manner attorney Sharts showed from the fol lowing paragraphs Oi the Platform the fallacy of the charges. That a decla ration that the Party was in harmony with the PRIXCII'LKS of the Third International, ho argued, did not prove that the Party declared itself for the methods and tactics which were fol lowed by the proletariat of Russia in overthrowing the Cxnr's government and establishing the Soviet form. Attorney Shurts read from the Plat form of the Party as follows to dis prove the charge of unlawfulness mud.' by the prosecution in the indictments "The Communist Labor Partv of .America declares itself in complete accordance with the principles of C mi munism, as laid down in the Manifesto of the Third International formed at Moscow. "In essence, these principles nre as follows: "The present is tho period of the dissolution nud collapse of the whole system of world capitalism. Unless capitalism is replaced by the rule of the working clnss, world civilisation will collapse, "The working class must oruani.e and train itself for the capture of state power. This capture means the estab lishment of the new working clas government machinery, in plnre of the stnto mnchinry of the cnpitnllsts. "This new working clnss government --the Dictatorship of the Proletariat will reorganise society on the basis ot Communism, and accomplish the transition from Capitalism to the Com munist Commonwealth. ' ' CommwBB (fa"" ;!"' present frauduWii fifet democracy which, with alrS)'retensions to equality, is merely a ihseuise for the rule of the financial oligarchy but it is a proletarian democracy, based on the control of industry and the state by the workers, w'.io are thereby free to work out their own destiny. It does not mean capitalist institutions of government, which are controlled by tho great financial and industrial in terests, but organs of administration created and controlled by the masses themselves; such as, for example, the Soviets of Russia. "The Dictatorship of the Proletariat shall transfer private property in the means of production ami distribution to the working class government, to bo administered by the workers them selves. It shall nationalize the great trusts and financial institutions, it shall abolish capitalist agricultural pro duction, "The present world situati n demands that the revolutionary working class movements of all countries shall closely unite . "The most important means of cap turing state iower for the workers ifl the action of the masses, proceeding from the place where the workers art gathered together in the shops and factories The use of the political machinery of the capitalist state for t li i purpose is only secondary. Continued on page 4th. i i . i - I,. I I I'll - filR ct ( ml, always open '-'iMm, I - -t.-- ' f. - V, r THE TOILER WASHINGTON NEWS LETTER RE-DEFINING LIBERTY By Scott Ncaring Thomas Jefferson's brand of liberty rested upon the assumption that every man who wished to do so could own n farm, When the Declaration of in dependence was dratted. is per cent of tin American people lived outside of cities, and 0!) per cent of them work id outside of factories. The Americans of the late IStli ccn tvry lived in a country where every man who chose to do so cVmld stake out his claim, put his two feet on his own piece nt' laud and make a living by Ids v, a labor. If he shot rabbits or deer, they belonged to him. if he raised corn or potatoes, they were his pro perty, lie owned his job and the pro duct that was created on thnt job. Tcfferaoninn democracy expressed the sentiment of a community in which men were economically self-sufficient. That stage of American economic life has gone forever. Never again will it he possible for each family to make .i living on its own farm. People today are heaped up in Chicago, New York, New Orleans and San Francisco. They cannot milk their own cows or pick apples from their own trees. Instead of being able to live by devoting time and sncrgy to Innd which belongs to him, the modern citv and town dweller is forced to seek out someone who owns n job. lie goes, for example, to Mr. Klbort II. flnry with his reoiiest. Save ho: "Judge tlnry, you represent n corpo ration with a billion and a half of Capital and nearly three billions of RSseH I represent Mrs. Mike Donovan and five children. You own a job: T want it." "We are paying lift cents nn hour," Mr. Gary answers. i'nu protest "The 1'nited States Department of l.nbor hss just issued a bulletin to prove that a mnn cannot keep n wife nnd three vnung children on a 'health and decenrv' standard in the city of Washington on less than $S.S88.2n. The wage you propose for me is only one half of that amount. If I am to have nn American standard of living. 1 must get a dollar nn hour for nn 8-hour day. On anything less, my fnmily will suffer." "T am very sorry." says the judge, "but we do not need you at a dollm an onr " (Cant, on page 4.) Irresponsible and Running Wild! i The strike, as a weapon in the hands of the working-class to establish better conditions for itself is outlawed in the state of Kansas. The strike, herel'ore the mightiest weapon of organized labor, has been de clared illegal by the capitalist powers thru its government. To disobey the new anti-strike law is to render one liable to a heavy fine nnd a term in the peniten tiary. The recent strike of the miners of Kansas struck the capitalist class of that state with terror. It became frightened ;it the power of the workers to throw the svistem of labor exploitation into a state of chaos by laying down their tools. To com bat the striking workers and to render them jiowerless, if possible by legislative nieanas, the capitalist class of Kansas, thru their representatives in the state LegilslatOSra and the Governor's chair enacted the infamous Industrial Court Law which mnkes it il legal to strike. Under the provisions of t!ii capitalist class law, which became effective January 24, it established an Industrial Court of three indues appointed by the Governor for three years with annual salaries of $5,000. It has supervision over the manufacture and preparation of food products in any and all siages of the process, of the man ufacture of clothing and till wearing ap parel, of all mining and fuel production, and of the transportation of necessities. Suspension of operation in such manufac ture or transportation is illegal. In case of a labor controversy in these industries threatening to endanger the continuity or efficiency of service, the court may begin an investigation. The court may amend or change any employment contract. I ither or both parties to a controversy refuse to obey the court's orders the State may take over the industries in question and oper ate them. Labor-unions may incorporate but are not compelled to. Collective barg aining is recognised hut the right to "picket" r to disturb workers is denied Striking in violation of the law ia punis able by a $500 fine or six months in jail or both. To order, call, or foment a strike ie a felony, punishable by five yeare in the penitentiary or a fine of $1000, or both. The tremenduous powfer over the workers which capitalism everywhere is seeking to establish is laid bare in this latest evidence of the dictatorship of capitalism. The capitalist press generally is overjoyed at the enact ment of this measure that is calculated to throttle Labor before it can hardly gasp out it demands. In a fulsome eulogy of this lay, the Kansas City Times gives away the game in the following words," It (the Industrial Court Law") pledges the good faith of the State to see that Labor's rights are protected, and at the same time that capital is not endangered". "The good faith of the capitalist State" may law, the Kansas City Times gives away workers these days. We have had some evidence lately of the good faith in which the capitalist State deals with the workers. In reliance upon such faith the workers can rest assured that they will come out of the small end of the horn. A "labor" law which "does n t en danger capital" should be looked upon with suspicion by the workers. Hidden somewhere is certain to be a snare into which it is calculated that Labor will stumble to its ruin. This law, which capitalist interests have enacted for the subjugation of Labor is another evidence of the growing class divisions in present day society. By its provisions, Labor's strongest weapon is snatched from its hands and it is forced to sit do'wn to an arbitration game in which the cards are stacked against it from the first deal. It will sit down with the representatives of the Capitalist State three apointees ot the Governor, the cap italist State's executive head. Tn such a game, can Labor expect to ever attain a just reward for its toil? The bare assump tion of such n circumstance must bring Gargantuan laughter from the throats of Kansas capitalists. THEY have made the rules. THLV know the results. THKY know that this law is I gag and a bridle and a collar with which they have hanuv sed the workers of Kansas to their labor (Cont. on page 4.) BY PAUL HANNA. WASHINGTON-The Kussian tltaw litis set in. Almost pver nijjht the great news :iiers which have united for two yerirs ast to sundress the truth about the country have now begun to complete in getting out the fact-'. For the American people there is news of first Itnportjtnee In a simple BUthmnry of this sudden switch liv the nation's press. On Fell. 81 The New York American appeared with in R-roli.inn headline proclaiming, ''L-.- nin" Sends Wireless Interview to The Imeriean." That paper's Berlin eor- respnndont, Wiegnnd, had queried Leriine by wireless and the Russian prime minister responded with a cate gorical statement covering every point raised. The whole article constituted a pro-soviet argument which refuted the most Important ties about the aims of that government. All the news- apers which take the Hearst morning service featured the uenme inter view ami Donated ddoui tnetr great boat". On the sr.me day The New York World printed a long, exhaustive and exclusive interview with Lenine, ob tained in Moscow by Lincoln Kyre. The reporter pictured the soviet chief as an intellectual dvnamo of whom the discredited statesmen of western Europe had best beware unless they re ready to deal honestly with the Russian republic. Lenine 's tempered but confident foreasi of Russia's future was printed without apparent efforts :it distortion by the reporter. The niglt of Feb. 2! brought from London and Paris two extraordinary confirmations of the diplomatic change regarding Russia. Headed by Gen, Gougtaj British comUander of the en tente forces recently evacunted from Archangel, an important group of British officers and financial experts formally petitioned Lloyd George to recognise and make peace with the soviet government. Simultaneously at Paris French army officers who saw lerviec in Siberia united in a call to their government to recognise and ac cept the new democracy in Russia-. They praised the red army as both efficient and democratic and declared it was supported by most of the in habitants of Siberia. One day later the American pres-i somersault on Russia beenme more pronounced. In full-page advertisements in the other metropolitan papers, The New York World nnoiuioed with enorm ous typ" a series of "Direct Inter views With Lenine and Trotky." The advertisement bore a picture of Lenine labelled, "Russian Thinkor,'' and one of Trotky bearing the words, "The organizer and executive. " The Onouncement give the dates and char acter of future interviews which Eyre lias procured with soviet representa tives. On the some date. Feb. 2.1, th ultra-Conservative New York Times printed the first of its disptachc from Arthur E. Colpping, who has begun a tour of soviet Russia in eom pnn. with .loffe and the other diplo mats from Moscow who negotiate. 1 peace With r.sttinnin. Jn his first story Copping obliterated the car toonists' conception of the communist as nn unwashed fanatic. In the space of two columns he also destroyed the foundation of most of The Times' edi torials Miiout Russia. I have reviewed these newspsper (ihangei because they will certainly have an early effect upon events and policies at Washington. Tho senate Committee which is investigating Rus sian propaganda in America will take serious further thought before it de termines upon a eoutse leailinp to the expulsion of Mnrtens, the soviet repre sentative, from the 1'nited States. For ill the better publicity now appearing .shows that Russia is well able to re taliate against future American busi ness for the persecution of her spokes man here. Another item: Bernard Baruch, nd- viser to President Wilson, is verv anxious to hend a new American com mission to visit soviet Russia, ilia aim has been thwarted heretofore by the old Wilson-Lansing policy of snnrl and drift respecting Russia. I.nrnpe's stampede toward a Russian settlement will strengthen Baruoh'a hnti'l and prophets say the admin istration will shortly fall into line for a complete reconciliation with tho Mnnndal republic.