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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, March 12, 1920, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078683/1920-03-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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NO 110.
at Cleveland
Address all mail to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, 0.
Senn it? of print paper compels us
to issue a six column p.tper this week.
We hope to revert to our usual 7
column size- next week.
$1.00 A YEAR
Kidnapped by the Sheriff of Franklin County, Ohio, tinder
i nst motions of the Illinois author'tics, and in collusion with
them, Marguerite Prevey, member of the State Executive Com
mittee of the Communist Labor Party of Ohio, was taken from
the county jail at Columbus during the dark hours of the night
of March 3rd and hurried to prison at Chicago.
This dastardly and illegal actgsras perpetrated on the heels
of an order of the Omul of dud- tt,'1 Kincead of the Court
oi common rieas earner in u
of execution of 48 hours to m
perfect their asrror proceeding
Court of Appeals
tli0t'tc4j lie ordered a sta
e. JT& - attorneys to
jl rim
"Sfex 0. to .
The heating on this evidence wan net
lor March 1st, but owing to Minos
of Judge Kincead, it was postponed to
the following Wednesday.
Jos. w. Shafts and J. L. Bachman,
Mrs. Prevey 's attorneys made a splen
did showing at the hearing. Testimony
of officials of the Communist Labor
Party of Ohio was introduced to prove
the political character of the Party,
its manner of functioning and the
LasV '
Marguerite Prevey
means and methods it advocated to ac
complish its ends. Tom Clifford, alio
a member of the Party State Executive
Committee was placed upon the stand
and testified to the character of the
organization and the convention acts
at the time it was organized at Chi
cago. Another witness for the detune
was E. T. Allison, present state Secre
tary of Ohio. Mrs. I'rovey also testified
to her part in organising the Party
at Chicago,
Slim Evidence of Prosecution.
The only evidence offered by the
prosecution was a paragraph in the
Manifesto of the Communist Inter
national issued at Moscow in 1!MS.
This paragraph, which outlines the
ulan of i stablisl.iti" the control of
the WOrken and demands the armin
of the proletariat and the disarming
of the bourgeoisie, together with a
naraoranh in the Platform of the
Communist Labor Party) which ex
presses harmony of relationship be
tweon the principles of the Party with
those of thfl Third International form
the basis of the charges against Mr-i.
In a deliberate and forceful manner
attorney Sharts showed from the fol
lowing paragraphs Oi the Platform the
fallacy of the charges. That a decla
ration that the Party was in harmony
with the PRIXCII'LKS of the Third
International, ho argued, did not prove
that the Party declared itself for the
methods and tactics which were fol
lowed by the proletariat of Russia in
overthrowing the Cxnr's government
and establishing the Soviet form.
Attorney Shurts read from the Plat
form of the Party as follows to dis
prove the charge of unlawfulness mud.'
by the prosecution in the indictments
"The Communist Labor Partv of
.America declares itself in complete
accordance with the principles of C mi
munism, as laid down in the Manifesto
of the Third International formed at
"In essence, these principles nre as
"The present is tho period of the
dissolution nud collapse of the whole
system of world capitalism. Unless
capitalism is replaced by the rule of
the working clnss, world civilisation
will collapse,
"The working class must oruani.e
and train itself for the capture of state
power. This capture means the estab
lishment of the new working clas
government machinery, in plnre of the
stnto mnchinry of the cnpitnllsts.
"This new working clnss government
--the Dictatorship of the Proletariat
will reorganise society on the basis
ot Communism, and accomplish the
transition from Capitalism to the Com
munist Commonwealth.
' ' CommwBB (fa"" ;!"'
present frauduWii fifet democracy
which, with alrS)'retensions to
equality, is merely a ihseuise for the
rule of the financial oligarchy but
it is a proletarian democracy, based on
the control of industry and the state
by the workers, w'.io are thereby free
to work out their own destiny. It
does not mean capitalist institutions of
government, which are controlled by
tho great financial and industrial in
terests, but organs of administration
created and controlled by the masses
themselves; such as, for example, the
Soviets of Russia.
"The Dictatorship of the Proletariat
shall transfer private property in the
means of production ami distribution
to the working class government, to
bo administered by the workers them
selves. It shall nationalize the great
trusts and financial institutions, it
shall abolish capitalist agricultural pro
duction, "The present world situati n demands
that the revolutionary working class
movements of all countries shall closely
unite .
"The most important means of cap
turing state iower for the workers ifl
the action of the masses, proceeding
from the place where the workers
art gathered together in the shops
and factories The use of the political
machinery of the capitalist state for
t li i purpose is only secondary.
Continued on page 4th.
i i . i - I,.
I'll - filR ct
( ml, always open '-'iMm,
I - -t.-- ' f. - V, r THE TOILER
By Scott Ncaring
Thomas Jefferson's brand of liberty
rested upon the assumption that every
man who wished to do so could own
n farm, When the Declaration of in
dependence was dratted. is per cent of
tin American people lived outside of
cities, and 0!) per cent of them work
id outside of factories.
The Americans of the late IStli ccn
tvry lived in a country where every
man who chose to do so cVmld stake out
his claim, put his two feet on his own
piece nt' laud and make a living by Ids
v, a labor. If he shot rabbits or deer,
they belonged to him. if he raised
corn or potatoes, they were his pro
perty, lie owned his job and the pro
duct that was created on thnt job.
Tcfferaoninn democracy expressed the
sentiment of a community in which
men were economically self-sufficient.
That stage of American economic
life has gone forever. Never again will
it he possible for each family to make
.i living on its own farm. People today
are heaped up in Chicago, New York,
New Orleans and San Francisco. They
cannot milk their own cows or pick
apples from their own trees. Instead
of being able to live by devoting time
and sncrgy to Innd which belongs to
him, the modern citv and town dweller
is forced to seek out someone who
owns n job.
lie goes, for example, to Mr. Klbort
II. flnry with his reoiiest. Save ho:
"Judge tlnry, you represent n corpo
ration with a billion and a half of
Capital and nearly three billions of
RSseH I represent Mrs. Mike Donovan
and five children. You own a job: T
want it."
"We are paying lift cents nn hour,"
Mr. Gary answers.
i'nu protest "The 1'nited States
Department of l.nbor hss just issued
a bulletin to prove that a mnn cannot
keep n wife nnd three vnung children
on a 'health and decenrv' standard in
the city of Washington on less than
$S.S88.2n. The wage you propose for
me is only one half of that amount.
If I am to have nn American standard
of living. 1 must get a dollar nn hour
for nn 8-hour day. On anything less,
my fnmily will suffer."
"T am very sorry." says the judge,
"but we do not need you at a dollm
an onr "
(Cant, on page 4.)
Irresponsible and Running Wild!
i The strike, as a weapon in the hands
of the working-class to establish better
conditions for itself is outlawed in the
state of Kansas.
The strike, herel'ore the mightiest
weapon of organized labor, has been de
clared illegal by the capitalist powers
thru its government. To disobey the new
anti-strike law is to render one liable to
a heavy fine nnd a term in the peniten
tiary. The recent strike of the miners of
Kansas struck the capitalist class of that
state with terror. It became frightened ;it
the power of the workers to throw the
svistem of labor exploitation into a state of
chaos by laying down their tools. To com
bat the striking workers and to render them
jiowerless, if possible by legislative nieanas,
the capitalist class of Kansas, thru their
representatives in the state LegilslatOSra and
the Governor's chair enacted the infamous
Industrial Court Law which mnkes it il
legal to strike.
Under the provisions of t!ii capitalist
class law, which became effective January
24, it established an Industrial Court of
three indues appointed by the Governor for
three years with annual salaries of $5,000.
It has supervision over the manufacture
and preparation of food products in any
and all siages of the process, of the man
ufacture of clothing and till wearing ap
parel, of all mining and fuel production,
and of the transportation of necessities.
Suspension of operation in such manufac
ture or transportation is illegal. In case
of a labor controversy in these industries
threatening to endanger the continuity or
efficiency of service, the court may begin
an investigation. The court may amend or
change any employment contract. I ither
or both parties to a controversy refuse to
obey the court's orders the State may take
over the industries in question and oper
ate them. Labor-unions may incorporate
but are not compelled to. Collective barg
aining is recognised hut the right to
"picket" r to disturb workers is denied
Striking in violation of the law ia punis
able by a $500 fine or six months in jail
or both. To order, call, or foment a strike
ie a felony, punishable by five yeare in
the penitentiary or a fine of $1000, or
The tremenduous powfer over the
workers which capitalism everywhere is
seeking to establish is laid bare in this
latest evidence of the dictatorship
of capitalism. The capitalist press
generally is overjoyed at the enact
ment of this measure that is calculated to
throttle Labor before it can hardly gasp
out it demands. In a fulsome eulogy of this
lay, the Kansas City Times gives away
the game in the following words," It (the
Industrial Court Law") pledges the good
faith of the State to see that Labor's
rights are protected, and at the same time
that capital is not endangered". "The
good faith of the capitalist State" may
law, the Kansas City Times gives away
workers these days. We have had
some evidence lately of the good faith in
which the capitalist State deals with the
workers. In reliance upon such faith the
workers can rest assured that they will
come out of the small end of the horn.
A "labor" law which "does n t en
danger capital" should be looked upon
with suspicion by the workers. Hidden
somewhere is certain to be a snare into
which it is calculated that Labor will
stumble to its ruin.
This law, which capitalist interests
have enacted for the subjugation of Labor
is another evidence of the growing class
divisions in present day society. By its
provisions, Labor's strongest weapon is
snatched from its hands and it is forced
to sit do'wn to an arbitration game in
which the cards are stacked against it from
the first deal. It will sit down with the
representatives of the Capitalist State
three apointees ot the Governor, the cap
italist State's executive head. Tn such a
game, can Labor expect to ever attain a
just reward for its toil? The bare assump
tion of such n circumstance must bring
Gargantuan laughter from the throats of
Kansas capitalists. THEY have made the
rules. THLV know the results. THKY
know that this law is I gag and a bridle
and a collar with which they have hanuv
sed the workers of Kansas to their labor
(Cont. on page 4.)
WASHINGTON-The Kussian tltaw
litis set in. Almost pver nijjht the great
news :iiers which have united for
two yerirs ast to sundress the truth
about the country have now begun
to complete in getting out the fact-'.
For the American people there is
news of first Itnportjtnee In a simple
BUthmnry of this sudden switch liv
the nation's press. On Fell. 81 The
New York American appeared with
in R-roli.inn headline proclaiming, ''L-.-
nin" Sends Wireless Interview to The
Imeriean." That paper's Berlin eor-
respnndont, Wiegnnd, had queried
Leriine by wireless and the Russian
prime minister responded with a cate
gorical statement covering every point
raised. The whole article constituted
a pro-soviet argument which refuted
the most Important ties about the aims
of that government. All the news-
apers which take the Hearst morning
service featured the uenme inter
view ami Donated ddoui tnetr great
On the sr.me day The New York
World printed a long, exhaustive and
exclusive interview with Lenine, ob
tained in Moscow by Lincoln Kyre.
The reporter pictured the soviet chief
as an intellectual dvnamo of whom
the discredited statesmen of western
Europe had best beware unless they
re ready to deal honestly with the
Russian republic. Lenine 's tempered
but confident foreasi of Russia's
future was printed without apparent
efforts :it distortion by the reporter.
The niglt of Feb. 2! brought from
London and Paris two extraordinary
confirmations of the diplomatic change
regarding Russia. Headed by Gen,
Gougtaj British comUander of the en
tente forces recently evacunted from
Archangel, an important group of
British officers and financial experts
formally petitioned Lloyd George to
recognise and make peace with the
soviet government. Simultaneously at
Paris French army officers who saw
lerviec in Siberia united in a call to
their government to recognise and ac
cept the new democracy in Russia-.
They praised the red army as both
efficient and democratic and declared
it was supported by most of the in
habitants of Siberia.
One day later the American pres-i
somersault on Russia beenme more
pronounced. In full-page advertisements
in the other metropolitan papers, The
New York World nnoiuioed with enorm
ous typ" a series of "Direct Inter
views With Lenine and Trotky."
The advertisement bore a picture of
Lenine labelled, "Russian Thinkor,''
and one of Trotky bearing the words,
"The organizer and executive. " The
Onouncement give the dates and char
acter of future interviews which Eyre
lias procured with soviet representa
tives. On the some date. Feb. 2.1, th
ultra-Conservative New York Times
printed the first of its disptachc
from Arthur E. Colpping, who has
begun a tour of soviet Russia in eom
pnn. with .loffe and the other diplo
mats from Moscow who negotiate. 1
peace With r.sttinnin. Jn his first
story Copping obliterated the car
toonists' conception of the communist
as nn unwashed fanatic. In the space
of two columns he also destroyed the
foundation of most of The Times' edi
torials Miiout Russia.
I have reviewed these newspsper
(ihangei because they will certainly
have an early effect upon events and
policies at Washington. Tho senate
Committee which is investigating Rus
sian propaganda in America will take
serious further thought before it de
termines upon a eoutse leailinp to the
expulsion of Mnrtens, the soviet repre
sentative, from the 1'nited States. For
ill the better publicity now appearing
.shows that Russia is well able to re
taliate against future American busi
ness for the persecution of her spokes
man here.
Another item: Bernard Baruch, nd-
viser to President Wilson, is verv
anxious to hend a new American com
mission to visit soviet Russia, ilia
aim has been thwarted heretofore by
the old Wilson-Lansing policy of
snnrl and drift respecting Russia.
I.nrnpe's stampede toward a Russian
settlement will strengthen Baruoh'a
hnti'l and prophets say the admin
istration will shortly fall into line for
a complete reconciliation with tho
Mnnndal republic.

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